List of countries by forest area

This article is a list of countries by forest area. Types of places listed include the entire planet, continents, regions, countries, provinces, states, and territories. Percentage data was calculated using information from the CIA's World Factbook 2011.[1]

Annual Changes In Global Forest Cover With Sub-Regional Trends
This graph depicts trends in changes in global forest cover annually for various regions and sub-regions.

Planet, continents and regions

Region Forest area (km2) Source
World 39,000,000 [2]
Polar regions 13,800,000 [2]
Latin America and the Caribbean 9,640,000 [2]
East Asia and the Pacific N/D
Africa 6,500,000 [2][3]
Canada and the United States N/D
 European Union 1,600,000 [4]
West Asia 36,600 [2][5]

Countries

Global Forest Area
Choropleth map of forest area by country, compiled from data in this table.
Rank Country Forest area
(km2)
Source % Forest
1  Russia 8,149,300 [6] 49.40%
2  Canada 4,916,438 [5] 49.24%
3  Brazil 4,776,980 [5] 56.10%
4  United States 3,100,950 [5] 33.84%
5  China 2,083,210 [7] 21.83%
6  Australia 1,250,000 [8] 16.00%
7  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,172,704 [9] 50.00%
8  Argentina 945,336 [10] 34.00%
9  Indonesia 884,950 [11] 46.46%
10  India 802,088 [12] 24.68%
11  Mexico 710,000 [13] 36.50%
12  Peru 687,420 [5] 53.49%
13  Sudan 675,460 [5] 26.96%
14  Mozambique 620,000 [14] 78.00%
15  Colombia 607,280 [5] 53.32%
16  Angola 591,040 [5] 47.41%
17  Bolivia 587,400 [5] 53.47%
18  Venezuela 471,378 [5] 51.68%
19  Myanmar 430,560 [15] 63.64%
20  Zambia 376,309 [16] 50.00%
21  Tanzania 352,570 [5] 37.22%
22  Sudan 327,909 17.62%
23  Papua New Guinea 294,370 [5] 63.60%
24  Sweden 280,730 [17] 68.95%
25  Zimbabwe 259,267 [18] 66.35%
26  Japan 253,203 [19] 67.00%
27  France 246,640 [20] 36.76%
28  Finland 233,320 [21] 72.00%
29  Central African Republic 227,550 [5] 36.53%
30  Gabon 227,517 [22] 85.00%
31  Republic of the Congo 224,710 [5] 65.70%
32  Turkey 216,781 [23] 27.60%
33  Cameroon 212,450 [5] 44.68%
34  Malaysia 195,200 [24] 59.50%
35  Paraguay 184,750 [5] 45.42%
36  Spain 184,180 [25] 36.70%
37  Laos 170,000 [26] 71.60%
38  Chile 158,781 [27] 21.00%
39  Guyana 151,040 [5] 70.26%
40  South Sudan 148,196 [28] 23.00%
41  Suriname 147,760 [5] 90.20%
42  Thailand 147,620 [29] 29.00%
43  Madagascar 128,380 [5] 21.87%
44  Mali 125,720 [5] 10.14%
45  Vietnam 123,000 [30] 37.14%
46  Norway 121,120 [5] 37.42%
47  Botswana 119,430 [5] 20.53%
48  Chad 119,210 [5] 09.28%
49  Ecuador 115,510 [31] 42.00%
50  Germany 114,190 [32] 32.00%
51  Niger 112,000 [33] 08.00%
52  Morocco 111,325 [34] 15.66%
53  Nigeria 110,890 [5] 12.00%
54  Iran 110,750 [5] 06.72%
55  Guatemala 108,894 [35] 51.00%
56  Italy 106,736 [36] 35.00%
57  Ukraine 105,000 [37] 17.00%
58  Mongolia 102,520 [5] 06.55%
59  Cambodia 93,350 [38] 51.56%
60  Poland 90,000 [39] 28.80%
61  South Africa 89,170 [40] 07.31%
62  Senegal 86,730 [5] 44.09%
63  New Zealand 85,424 [41] 31.87%
64  Belarus 80,334 [42] 38.60%
65  Namibia 76,610 [5] 09.29%
66  North Korea 76,240 [43] 73.00%
67  Philippines 71,620 [5] 23.87%
68  Somalia 71,310 [5] 11.18%
69  Romania 69,610 [5] 29.02%
70  Burkina Faso 67,940 [5] 24.78%
71  Honduras 67,254 [44] 60.00%
72  Guinea 67,240 [5] 27.35%
73  South Korea 63,346 [45] 63.20%
74  Benin 61,860 [46] 54.93%
75  Kazakhstan 54,498 [47] 02.00%
76  Nicaragua 51,890 [5] 39.80%
77  Uganda 50,000 [48] 20.74%
78  Panama 42,940 [5] 56.93%
79  Pakistan 42,240 [49] 05.31%
80  Algeria 42,000 [50] 01.70%
81  Turkmenistan 41,270 [5] 08.46%
82  Austria 39,600 [51] 47.20%
83  Ethiopia 39,313 [52] 03.56%
84  Greece 37,520 [5] 28.43%
85    Nepal 36,360 [53] 44.7%
86  Bulgaria 36,250 [5] 32.69%
87  Malawi 33,176 [54] 28.00%
88  Portugal 31,820 [55] 34.80%
89  Liberia 31,540 [5] 28.32%
90  Ivory Coast 30,000 [56] 09.30%
91  Latvia 28,807 [57] 60.00%
92  United Kingdom 28,650 [58] 11.76%
93  Georgia 28,577 [59] 41.00%
94  Sierra Leone 27,540 [5] 38.39%
95  Serbia 27,200 [60] 31.13%
96  Cuba 27,130 [5] 24.47%
97  Saudi Arabia 27,000 [61] 01.26%
98  Czech Republic 26,000 [62] 34.00%
99  Bosnia and Herzegovina 25,599 [63] 53.00%
100  Croatia 24,901 [64] 44.00%
101  Bhutan 24,764 [65] 70.46%
102  Ghana 24,600 [66] 10.20%
103  Estonia 23,066 [67] 61.00%
104  Solomon Islands 22,534 to 23,117 [68] 78.00 to 80.00%
105  Taiwan 21,588 [69] 60.00%
106  Lithuania 21,223 [70] 33.00%
107  Hungary 20,990 [71] 23.00%
108  Guinea-Bissau 20,720 [5] 57.36%
-  Tunisia 2,601 [72][73] 1.59%
110  Costa Rica 20,440 [74] 40.00%
111  Slovakia 20,006 [75] 40.80%
112  Uzbekistan 19,690 [76] 04.40%
113  Sri Lanka 19,330 [77] 29.46%
114  Belize 16,530 [5] 71.98%
115  Equatorial Guinea 16,320 [5] 58.18%
116  Eritrea 15,540 [5] 13.21%
117  Dominican Republic 13,384 [78] 27.50%
118  Kenya 13,200 [79] 02.27%
119  Oman 13,050 [80] 04.22%
120  Slovenia 12,574 [81] 62.02%
121   Switzerland 12,540 [82] 31.80%
122  Azerbaijan 11,400 [5] 13.17%
123  North Macedonia 10,285 [83] 40.00%
124  Fiji 10,000 [5] 54.72%
125  Bangladesh 8,710 [5] 06.05%
126  Kyrgyzstan 8,690 [5] 04.35%
127  Iraq 8,220 [5] 01.88%
128  Togo 8,000 [84] 14.00%
129  Timor-Leste 7,980 [5] 53.65%
130  Albania 7,716 [85] 26.84%
131  Ireland 7,540 [5] 11.07%
132  Uruguay 7,000 [86] 04.00%
133  Belgium 6,834 [87] 22.38%
134  Montenegro 6,252 [88] 45.26%
135  Denmark 6,120 [89] 14.20%
136  Bahamas 5,150 [5] 51.45%
137  Gambia 4,857 [90] 43.00%
138  Syria 4,610 [91] 02.49%
139  Yemen 4,490 [92] 00.85%
140  Vanuatu 4,470 [93] 36.67%
141  Tajikistan 4,100 [94] 02.87%
142  Netherlands 3,650 [5] 08.79%
143  Jamaica 3,308 [95] 30.10%
144  Moldova 3,290 [5] 09.72%
145  Rwanda 3,161 [96] 12.00%
146  United Arab Emirates 3,120 [5] 03.73%
147  El Salvador 2,980 [5] 14.16%
148  Armenia 2,974 [97] 10.00%
149  Brunei 2,780 [5] 48.22%
150  Mauritania 2,670 [5] 00.26%
151  Trinidad and Tobago 2,260 [5] 44.07%
152  Libya 2,170 [5] 00.12%
153  Iceland 1,930 [98] 02.00%
154  Cyprus 1,740 [5] 18.81%
155  Afghanistan 1,631 [99] 00.25%
156  Israel 1,600 [100] 07.00%
157  Lebanon 1,383 [101] 13.30%
158  Burundi 1,270 [102] 04.50%
159  Samoa 1,050 [103] 37.00%
160  Jordan 893 [104] 01.00%
161  Luxembourg 870 [5] 33.64%
162  Cape Verde 840 [5] 20.83%
163  Egypt 670 [5] 00.07%
164  Micronesia 630 [5] 89.74%
165  Mauritius 612 [105] 30.00%
166  Dominica 488 [106] 65.00%
167  Haiti 8,300 [107] 30.00%
168  Seychelles 407 [108] 89.45%
169  Palau 400 [5] 87.15%
170  São Tomé and Príncipe 270 [5] 28.01%
171  Eswatini (Swaziland) 174 [109] 01.00%
172  Saint Lucia 170 [5] 27.60%
173  Andorra 160 [5] 34.19%
174  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 127 [110] 32.56%
175  Antigua and Barbuda 90 [111] 21.00%
176  Palestine 90 [5] 01.45%
177  Lesotho 80 [5] 00.26%
178  Liechtenstein 70 [5] 43.75%
179  Djibouti 60 [5] 00.26%
180  Kuwait 60 [5] 00.34%
181  Comoros 50 [5] 02.24%
182  Saint Kitts and Nevis 50 [5] 19.16%
183  Grenada 40 [5] 11.63%
184  Tonga 40 [112] 05.35%
185  Tuvalu 23 [113] 89.12%
186  Barbados 20 [5] 04.65%
187  Kiribati 20 [5] 02.47%
188  Singapore 20 [114] 03.00%
189  Maldives 10 [5] 03.56%
190  Bahrain 5 N/C 00.67%
191  Malta 3 N/C 00.95%
192  San Marino 1 N/C 01.64%
193  Qatar 9 [115] 00.07%
  • Sudan is listed as 13th and 22nd

Provinces, states and territories

Place Forest area (km2) Source % Forest
Russia  Krasnoyarsk Krai 1,510,016 [116] 63.80%
Russia  Sakha Republic 1,500,000 [117] 47.00%
Canada  Ontario 780,080 85.00%
Canada  Quebec 761,100 [118] 55.75%
Canada  Northwest Territories 570,418 50.00%
Canada  British Columbia 566,841 [119] 60.00%
United States  Alaska 522,044 [120] 30.39%
Canada  Nunavut 469,447 25.00%
Canada  Manitoba 411,270 75.00%
Canada  Alberta 384,049 60.00%
Peru Loreto 365,163 99.00%
Australia  Queensland 346,130 20.00%
Canada  Saskatchewan 325,419 55.00%
Canada  Yukon Territory 260,915 55.00%
Canada  Newfoundland and Labrador 243,017 65.00%
France France (Metropolitan) 170,000 [121] 30.95%
Australia  New South Wales 96,077 12.00%
 French Guiana 83,000 [20] 99.00%
Australia  Victoria 79,596 35.00%
Canada  New Brunswick 60,733 85.00%
Australia  Western Australia 50,598 02.00%
Australia  Tasmania 44,461 65.00%
Canada Newfoundland 41,440 [122] 38.07%
Australia  Northern Territory 40,474 03.00%
Canada  Nova Scotia 40,004 75.00%
Australia  South Australia 29,504 03.00%
United States  Hawaii 13,300 N/C 46.98%
United Kingdom  Scotland 13,107 [123] 17.00%
Western Sahara 10,110 [5] 03.80%
United Kingdom  England 9,128 [5] 7.00%
 New Caledonia 7,170 [5] 38.60%
Belgium  Wallonia 5,448 32.40%
Spain  Canary Islands 5,000 [124] 66.73%
United States  Puerto Rico 4,080 [5] 29.59%
France  Corsica 4,018 [125] 46.00%
United Kingdom  Wales 2,493 [5] 11.90%
France  French Polynesia 2,000 [126] 52.30%
Canada  Prince Edward Island 1,705 30.00%
Belgium  Flanders 1,464 10.80%
 Reunion 1,370 [127] 53.00%
United Kingdom  Northern Ireland 830.6 [5] 6.00%
Portugal  Azores 830 [128] 35.38%
 Guadeloupe 640 [20] 39.00%
 Martinique 490 [20] 46.00%
China  Hong Kong 400 [129] 36.36%
United Kingdom  Turks and Caicos Islands 340 [5] 35.86%
United States  Northern Mariana Islands 330 [5] 71.12%
United States  Guam 260 [5] 47.79%
United States  American Samoa 180 [5] 90.45%
New Zealand  Niue 169 to 182 [130] 65.00 to 70.00%
Portugal  Madeira 150 [131] 18.73%
New Zealand  Cook Islands 142 [132] 60.00%
 Mayotte 140 [20] 37.00%
United Kingdom  Cayman Islands 120 [5] 45.45%
United States  United States Virgin Islands 100 [5] 28.87%
United Kingdom  Anguilla 55 N/C 60.44%
 Wallis and Futuna 47 N/C 33.10%
United Kingdom  British Virgin Islands 40 [5] 26.49%
United Kingdom  Montserrat 35 N/C 34.31%
United Kingdom  Pitcairn 35 N/C 74.47%
United Kingdom  Isle of Man 30 [5] 05.24%
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 30 [5] 12.40%
United Kingdom  Saint Helena 20 [5] 16.39%
Belgium  Brussels 17.35 10.00%
Netherlands  Netherlands Antilles 12 N/C 01.50%
United Kingdom  Bermuda 10 [5] 18.52%
United Kingdom Jersey Guernsey Channel Islands 8 N/C 04.12%
Netherlands  Aruba 4 N/C 02.22%
Denmark  Greenland 2 N/C 00.00%
Denmark  Faroe Islands 1 N/C 00.07%

See also

References

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External links

Ancient woodland

In the United Kingdom, an ancient woodland is a woodland that has existed continuously since 1600 or before in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (or 1750 in Scotland). Planting of woodland was uncommon before those dates, so a wood present in 1600 is likely to have developed naturally.In most ancient woods, the trees and shrubs have been cut down periodically as part of the management cycle. Provided that the area has remained as woodland, the stand is still considered ancient. Since it may have been cut over many times in the past, ancient woodland does not necessarily contain very old trees.For many species of animal and plant, ancient woodland sites provide the sole habitat, and for many others, conditions on these sites are much more suitable than those on other sites. Ancient woodland in the UK, like rainforest in the tropics, is home to rare and threatened species. For these reasons ancient woodland is often described as an irreplaceable resource, or 'critical natural capital'. The analogous term used in the United States is "Old-growth forest".Ancient woodland is formally defined on maps by Natural England and equivalent bodies. Mapping of ancient woodland has been undertaken in different ways and at different times, and the quality and availability of data varies from region to region, although there are some efforts to standardise and update it.

Forest

A forest is a large area dominated by trees. Hundreds of more precise definitions of forest are used throughout the world, incorporating factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing and ecological function. According to the widely used Food and Agriculture Organization definition, forests covered 4 billion hectares (9.9×109 acres) (15 million square miles) or approximately 30 percent of the world's land area in 2006.Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem of Earth, and are distributed around the globe. Forests account for 75% of the gross primary production of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. Net primary production is estimated at 21.9 gigatonnes carbon per year for tropical forests, 8.1 for temperate forests, and 2.6 for boreal forests.Forests at different latitudes and elevations form distinctly different ecozones: boreal forests around the poles, tropical forests around the Equator, and temperate forests at the middle latitudes. Higher elevation areas tend to support forests similar to those at higher latitudes, and amount of precipitation also affects forest composition.

Human society and forests influence each other in both positive and negative ways. Forests provide ecosystem services to humans and serve as tourist attractions. Forests can also affect people's health. Human activities, including harvesting forest resources, can negatively affect forest ecosystems.

Forest reserve (disambiguation)

Forest reserve(s) may refer to:

Nature reserves made up in part or whole of forests

Reserve forest (also, reserved forest)

Protected forestIt may also refer to:

Forest Reserve Act of 1891, United States

Headwaters Forest Reserve, the only forest reserve in the United States

Recreational Forest Reserve of Pinhal da Paz, Azores

Reserved forests and protected forests of IndiaOr to:

Nottingham Forest F.C. Under-21s Squad and Academy, West Bridgford, Nottinghamshire, England

Forests of Canada

The forests of Canada are located across much of the country. Approximately half of Canada is covered by forest, totaling around 2.4 million km2 (0.93 million sq mi). Over 90% of Canada's forests are owned by the public (Crown land and Provincial forest). About half of the forests are allocated for logging.

Named forests are found within eight distinct regions. These forests may also be part of ecosystems, a number of which extend south into the United States. For example, the Northern hardwood forest is an ecosystem located in large areas of southeastern and south central Canada as well as in Ontario and Quebec. This system extends south into the United States.

List of forests in India

This is an incomplete list of forests in India.

List of international rankings

This is a list of international rankings.

Lists of countries and territories

This list is incomplete. You can help by expanding itThis is a list of many lists of countries and territories by various definitions, including FIFA countries, federations, and fictional countries. A country or territory is a geographical area, either in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) or state (a political entity).

List of countries by name

Lists of environmental topics

The natural environment commonly referred to simply as the environment, is all living and non-living things that occur naturally on Earth or some part of it (e.g. the natural environment in a country). This includes complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention, including all vegetation, animals, microorganisms, rocks, atmosphere and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries. And it includes universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from human activity.

Lists of forests

This article lists lists of forests.

Nature reserve

A nature reserve (also known as natural reserve, bioreserve, natural/nature preserve, or natural/nature conserve) is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. Normally it is more strictly protected than a nature park.

Old-growth forest

An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest or late seral forest — is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community. Old-growth features include diverse tree-related structures that provide diverse wildlife habitat that increases the biodiversity of the forested ecosystem. The concept of diverse tree structure includes multi-layered canopies and canopy gaps, greatly varying tree heights and diameters, and diverse tree species and classes and sizes of woody debris.

Old-growth forests are valuable for economic reasons and for the ecosystem services they provide. This can be a point of contention when some in the logging industry may desire to cut down the forests to obtain valuable timber, while environmentalists seek to preserve the forests for benefits such as maintenance of biodiversity, water regulation, and nutrient cycling.

Outline of forestry

The following outline is provided as an overview of and guide to forestry:

Forestry – science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. Forestry accommodates a broad range of concerns, through what is known as multiple-use management, striving for sustainability in the provision of timber, fuel wood, wildlife habitat, natural water quality management, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, aesthetically appealing landscapes, biodiversity management, watershed management, erosion control, and preserving forests as 'sinks' for atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Woodland

A woodland (listen) or wood (or in the U.S., the plurale tantum woods) is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade. Woodlands may support an understory of shrubs and herbaceous plants including grasses. Woodland may form a transition to shrubland under drier conditions or during early stages of primary or secondary succession. Higher density areas of trees with a largely closed canopy that provides extensive and nearly continuous shade are referred to as forests.

Extensive efforts by conservationist groups have been made to preserve woodlands from urbanization and agriculture: the woodlands of Northwest Indiana being an example, having been preserved as part of the Indiana Dunes.

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