List of countries by energy consumption per capita

This is a list of countries by total energy consumption per capita. This is not the consumption of end-users but all energy needed as input to produce fuel and electricity for end-users. It is known as total primary energy supply (TPES), a term used to indicate the sum of production and imports subtracting exports and storage changes (see also Worldwide energy supply). Numbers are from The World Bank - World Development Indicators.[2]

The data is given in kilogrammes of oil equivalent per year, and gigajoules per year, and in watts, as average equivalent power.

Notes on conversions
  • 1 kg of oil equivalent (kgoe) = 11.63 kWh or 1 kWh = 0.08598 kgoe[3]
  • 1000 kgoe = 42 GJ
  • 1 GJ/a = 31.7 W average
  • 1 W average = 8.76 kWh per year (365 × 24 Wh per year)
Total energy consumption per capita
2003[4] 2013[2] 2014[2]
Country/Territory kgoe/a GJ/a W kgoe/a GJ/a W kgoe/a
 Afghanistan[5] 90 3.78 119.8
 Albania 648.3 27.23 863.2 800.6 33.62 1065.9
 Algeria 1138.2 47.81 1515.5 1246.0 52.33 1658.9
 Angola 716.5 30.09 953.9 654.9 27.51 871.9
 Argentina 1846.8 77.57 2458.9 1894.6 79.57 2522.5
 Armenia 790.8 33.22 1052.9 969.3 40.71 1290.5
 Australia 5593.2 234.92 7446.8 5586.3 234.63 7437.7 5484.7
 Austria 4033.6 169.41 5370.3 3917.8 164.55 5216.2 3754.1
 Azerbaijan 1307.5 54.91 1740.8 1474.0 61.91 1962.5
 Bahrain 7753.7 325.65 10323.2 10171.7 427.21 13542.6
 Bangladesh 208.8 8.77 278.1 215.5 9.05 286.9
 Belarus 2922.0 122.73 3890.4 2881.5 121.02 3836.4
 Belgium 5585.6 234.59 7436.6 5039.0 211.64 6708.9 4810.3
 Benin 412.8 17.34 549.6 393.4 16.52 523.8
 Bolivia 737.4 30.97 981.7 785.5 32.99 1045.8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1703.4 71.54 2267.9 1688.0 70.89 2247.4
 Botswana 1127.8 47.37 1501.6 1098.4 46.13 1462.4
 Brazil 1362.5 57.23 1814.1 1437.8 60.39 1914.3
 Brunei Darussalam 8308.4 348.95 11061.9 7392.9 310.50 9842.9
 Bulgaria 2370.1 99.55 3155.6 2327.4 97.75 3098.7
 Cambodia 355.4 14.93 473.1 396.2 16.64 527.5
 Cameroon 362.7 15.23 482.9 330.7 13.89 440.3
 Canada 7379.6 309.94 9825.2 7202.2 302.49 9589.0 7247.2
 Chile 1806.7 75.88 2405.5 2201.2 92.45 2930.6 2186.6
 China 1806.8 75.88 2405.5 2226.3 93.50 2964.1
 Colombia 696.3 29.24 927.1 668.5 28.08 890.0
 Congo, Dem. Rep. 360.2 15.13 479.5 292.3 12.28 389.1
 Congo, Rep. 363.5 15.27 483.9 555.8 23.34 740.0
 Costa Rica 997.8 41.91 1328.5 1029.0 43.22 1370.0
 Cote d'Ivoire 484.9 20.37 645.6 605.3 25.42 805.9
 Croatia 1931.9 81.14 2572.2 1813.9 76.19 2415.1
 Cuba 975.3 40.96 1298.5 1030.9 43.30 1372.5
 Cyprus 2215.2 93.04 2949.3 1691.1 71.03 2251.5
 Czech Republic 4192.8 176.10 5582.3 3989.9 167.58 5312.2 3945.3
 Denmark 3470.4 145.76 4620.5 3107.1 130.50 4136.9 2903.7
 Dominican Republic 840.0 35.28 1118.4 731.3 30.72 973.7
 Ecuador 836.3 35.12 1113.5 979.8 41.15 1304.4
 Egypt 903.1 37.93 1202.4 885.0 37.17 1178.3
 El Salvador 676.9 28.43 901.2 693.4 29.12 923.3
 Eritrea 141.7 5.95 188.7
 Estonia 4154.5 174.49 5531.3 4623.3 194.18 6155.4 4599.7
 Ethiopia 400.3 16.81 532.9 507.0 21.29 675.0
 Finland 6787.2 285.06 9036.5 6074.7 255.14 8087.9 6266.9
 France 4030.5 169.28 5366.2 3839.9 161.27 5112.4 3641.1
 Gabon 1417.6 59.54 1887.4 1434.9 60.27 1910.4
 Georgia 700.3 29.41 3142.8 1032.1 43.35 1374.2
 Germany 4003.3 168.14 5329.9 3867.6 162.44 5149.4 3749.1
 Ghana 382.2 16.05 508.9 343.6 14.43 457.5
 Greece 2440.5 102.50 3249.3 2134.1 89.63 2841.3 2061.4
 Guatemala 712.8 29.94 949.0 767.6 32.24 1022
 Haiti 229.0 9.62 304.9 393.2 16.51 523.5
 Honduras 600.9 25.24 800.1 662.4 27.82 882
 Hong Kong 1951.3 81.96 2598.0 1938.4 81.41 2580.7
 Hungary 2566.7 107.80 3417.3 2280.4 95.78 3036.1 2292.3
 Iceland 16882.5 709.06 22477.4 18177.3 763.44 24201.2 17583.6
 India 565.6 23.76 753.1 606.1 25.45 806.9
 Indonesia 866.5 36.39 1153.7 850.2 35.71 1132
 Iran, Islamic Rep. 2816.8 118.30 3750.2 2960.4 124.34 3941.5
 Iraq 1180.3 49.57 1571.4 1466.6 61.6 1952.6
 Ireland 3217.7 135.14 4284.0 2840.2 119.29 3781.4 2766.6
 Israel 3005.4 126.23 4001.3 2970.8 124.77 3955.3 2849.5
 Italy 2814.6 118.21 3747.4 2579.5 108.34 3434.3 2405.5
 Jamaica 1130.2 47.47 1504.7 1083.6 45.51 1442.7
 Japan 3898.4 163.73 5190.3 3570.4 149.96 4753.7 3470.2
 Jordan 1191.4 50.04 1586.2 1071 44.98 1426
 Kazakhstan 4595.1 193.00 6118.0 4786.7 201.04 6373
 Kenya 482.9 20.28 642.9 491.7 20.65 654.7
 North Korea 761.2 31.97 1013.4 580.6 24.38 773
 South Korea 5059.9 212.52 6736.8 5253.5 220.65 6994.5 5262
 Kosovo[6] 1372.1 57.63 1826.9 1296.7 54.46 1726.4
 Kuwait 12204.3 512.58 16248.8 9757.4 409.81 12991.1
 Kyrgyzstan 535.6 22.50 713.2 690.4 29 919.2
 Latvia 1971.3 82.79 2624.6 2159.2 90.69 2874.8
 Lebanon 1526.1 64.10 2031.8 1337.2 56.16 1780.3
 Libya 3013.0 126.54 4011.5 2711.3 113.87 3609.8
 Lithuania 2107.0 88.49 2805.2 2356.6 98.98 3137.6
 Luxembourg 8342.5 350.39 11107.3 7310.3 307.03 9732.9 6812.2
 Macedonia 1402.3 58.90 1867.0 1349.5 56.68 1796.7
 Malaysia 2557.8 107.43 3405.5 3019.8 126.83 4020.6
 Malta 2012.9 84.54 2680.0 3019.8 126.83 4020.6
 Mexico 1570.3 65.95 2090.8 1545.8 64.92 2058 1510.1
 Moldova 730.7 30.69 972.8 862.7 36.23 1148.5
 Mongolia 1188.7 49.92 1582.6 1826.5 76.71 2431.7
 Montenegro 1303.5 54.75 1735.5 1651.3 69.35 2198.5
 Morocco 516.7 21.70 687.9 564.4 23.7 751.4
 Mozambique 436.0 18.31 580.5 407.4 17.11 542.4
 Myanmar 291.8 12.26 388.6 312.8 13.14 416.4
 Namibia 702.5 29.50 935.3 742.3 31.18 988.4
   Nepal 341.1 14.32 454.1 369.7 15.53 492.2
 Netherlands 5021.0 210.88 6685.0 4605.4 193.43 6131.7 4289.4
 New Zealand 4166.4 174.99 5547.2 4391.6 184.45 5846.9 4454.7
 Nicaragua 542.0 22.76 721.6 593.7 24.93 790.4
 Nigeria 713.6 29.97 950.1 773 32.47 1029.2
 Norway 6637.4 278.77 8837.0 6438.8 270.43 8572.6 5854
 Oman 7187.7 301.88 9569.7 6232.5 261.76 8297.9
 Pakistan 487.3 20.47 648.8 474.9 19.94 632.2
 Panama 1072.7 45.05 1428.2 1057.5 44.41 1407.9
 Paraguay 741.9 31.16 987.7 764.1 32.09 1017.4
 Peru 667.1 28.02 888.2 708.3 29.75 943.1
 Philippines 434.0 18.23 577.8 457.1 19.2 608.6
 Poland 2657.0 111.59 3537.5 2565.4 107.75 3415.6 2495.8
 Portugal 2213.1 92.95 2946.5 2082.8 87.48 2773.1 2028.1
 Qatar 12799.4 537.58 17041.2 19120.3 803.05 25456.8
 Romania 1632.2 68.55 2173.1 1592.1 66.87 2119.8
 Russia 4943.1 207.61 6581.2 5093.1 213.91 6780.9
 Saudi Arabia 6167.9 259.05 8212.0 6363.4 267.26 8472.2
 Senegal 272.0 11.42 362.1 261 10.96 347.5
 Serbia 2141.0 89.92 2850.5 2078.5 87.3 2767.3
 Singapore 6455.7 271.14 8595.2 4833.4 203 6435.2
 Slovakia 3280.5 137.78 4367.6 3178.3 133.49 4231.6 2846.9
 Slovenia 3520.2 147.85 4686.7 3323.2 139.58 4424.6 3272
 South Africa 2737.8 114.99 3645.1 2655.9 111.55 3536
 Spain 2772.7 116.45 3691.5 2503.8 105.16 3333.6 2449.8
 Sri Lanka 477.9 20.07 636.3 487.5 20.48 649.1
 Sudan 370.9 15.58 493.9 374.8 15.74 499
 Sweden 5468.2 229.67 7280.4 5131.5 215.52 6832.1 4811
  Switzerland 3348.8 140.65 4458.5 3304 138.77 4399 3074.8
 Syrian Arab Republic 1063.0 44.64 1415.2 668.1 28.06 889.6
 Tajikistan 335.5 14.09 446.7 302.7 12.71 403.1
 Tanzania 447.8 18.81 596.1 469.7 19.73 625.4
 Thailand 1698.9 71.35 2261.9 1987.6 83.48 2646.3
 Togo 446.1 18.74 593.9 462.6 19.43 615.9
 Trinidad and Tobago 15913.3 668.36 21187.0 14537.6 610.58 19355.3
 Tunisia 912.8 38.34 1215.3 956.5 40.17 1273.5
 Turkey 1445.1 60.69 1924.0 1528.2 64.18 2034.6 1540.5
 Turkmenistan 4225.9 177.49 5626.3 5011.6 210.49 6672.5
 Ukraine 2844.9 119.49 3787.7 2553.2 107.23 3399.3
 United Arab Emirates 8271.5 347.40 11012.6 7691 323.02 10239.8
 United Kingdom 3254.1 136.67 4332.5 2977.7 125.06 3964.5 2751.6
 United States 7164.5 300.91 9538.8 6915.8 290.47 9207.8 6917.4
 Uruguay 1240.9 52.12 1652.1 1350.5 56.72 1798.1
 Uzbekistan 1533.0 64.39 2041.1 1419.5 59.62 1889.9
 Venezuela 2668.6 112.08 3553.0 2271.2 95.39 3023.9
 Vietnam 681.4 28.62 907.2 667.6 28.04 888.9
 Yemen 297.9 12.51 396.6 323.7 13.6 431
 Zambia 627.8 26.37 835.9 631.5 26.52 840.7
 Zimbabwe 764.0 32.09 1017.2 757.5 31.82 1008.6
SpcialProgressIndexVsEnergInOilPerDay2
Social Progress Index vs Energy Use per capita. List of countries by Social Progress Index.
Energy-consumption-per-capita-2003
A map depicting world energy consumption per capita based on 2003 data from the International Energy Agency.
World Map - Energy Use 2013
A map depicting world energy consumption per capita based on 2013 data from the World Bank[1]
Energy Use per Capita
The World Bank : Kilograms of oil equivalent (2011)
Earth lights vs population density
Map of Earth lights (green channel) vs population density (red channel)

See also

References

  1. ^ "World Development Indicators Data". World Bank. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  2. ^ a b c "World Development Indicators | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  3. ^ convertenergy from koe to kWh
  4. ^ "Energy Use Per Capita". World Development Indicators. World Bank. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  5. ^ http://www.eia.gov/cfapps/ipdbproject/iedindex3.cfm?tid=44&pid=45&aid=2&cid=regions&syid=2007&eyid=2011&unit=QBTU
  6. ^ "EBRD celebrates energy efficiency in Kosovo". EBRD. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
Electric energy consumption

Electric energy consumption is the form of energy consumption that uses electric energy. Electric energy consumption is the actual energy demand made on existing electricity supply.

The total electricity consumption in 2012 was 20,900 TWh.

Electricity sector in Italy

The electricity sector in Italy describes the production, sale, and use of electrical power in Italy. The country's total electricity consumption was 297.3 TWh in 2013, of which 278.8 TWh (93.7%) was produced domestically (the remaining 6.3% was imported).According to its national energy plan, Italy plans to increase renewable power generation from all renewable sources to 26% of all electricity produced by 2020, covering 17% of its total energy consumption. In 2014, 38.2% of the national electric energy consumption came from renewable sources (in 2005 this value was 15.4%), covering 16.2% of the total energy consumption of the country (5.3% in 2005). Solar energy production alone accounted for almost 9% of the total electric consumption in the country in 2014, making Italy the country with the highest contribution from solar energy in the world.Italy has abandoned nuclear power following a referendum in the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, and nuclear power in Italy has never been greater than a few percent of total power generation.

Italy has a high share of electricity in the total final energy consumption. The share of primary energy dedicated to electricity production is above 35%, and grew steadily since the 1970s.

Emissions of carbon dioxide per capita in 2007 were 7.4 tons, below the EU27 average of 7.9 tons CO2. Emission change 1990/2007 was 10% increase.

Energy in Japan

Energy in Japan refers to energy and electricity production, consumption, import and export in Japan. The country's primary energy consumption was 477.6 Mtoe in 2011, a decrease of 5% over the previous year.The country lacks significant domestic reserves of fossil fuel, except coal, and must import substantial amounts of crude oil, natural gas, and other energy resources, including uranium. Japan relied on oil imports to meet about 84 percent of its energy needs in 2010. Japan was also the first coal importer in 2010, with 187 Mt (about 20% of total world coal import), and the first natural gas importer with 99 bcm (12.1% of world total gas import).While Japan had previously relied on nuclear power to meet about 30% of its electricity needs, after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, all nuclear reactors were progressively shut down for safety concerns. Since then, Ōi Nuclear Power Plant's reactors 3 and 4 were restarted on 14 March 2018, and 9 May 2018, respectively. On 11 August 2015, and 1 November 2015, the two reactors at the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant restarted. Following the Fukushima disaster, the general public has opposed the use of nuclear energy.

Energy in the United States

The United States was the second-largest energy consumer in 2010 after China.

The country is ranked seventh in energy consumption per capita after Canada and several small nations.

Not included is the significant amount of energy used overseas in the production of retail and industrial goods consumed in the United States.

Most of this energy comes from fossil fuels: in 2010, data showed that 25% of the nation's energy originates from petroleum, 22% from coal, and 22% from natural gas.

Nuclear energy supplied 8.4% and renewable energy supplied 8%, mainly from hydroelectric dams and biomass; however, this also includes other renewable sources like wind, geothermal, and solar.

As of 2006, energy consumption had increased more rapidly than domestic energy production over the last 50 years in the nation (when they were roughly equal). This difference was largely met through imports.According to the Energy Information Administration's statistics, the per-capita energy consumption in the US has been somewhat consistent from the 1970s to the present time. The average was about 334 million British thermal units [BTU] (352 GJ) per person from 1980 to 2010. One explanation suggested that the energy required to increase the nation's consumption of manufactured equipment, cars, and other goods has been shifted to other countries producing and transporting those goods to the US with a corresponding shift of green house gases and pollution. In comparison, the world average increased from 63.7 to 75 million BTU (67.2 to 79.1 GJ) per person between 1980 and 2008.

Energy industry

The energy industry is the totality of all of the industries involved in the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, refining and distribution. Modern society consumes large amounts of fuel, and the energy industry is a crucial part of the infrastructure and maintenance of society in almost all countries.

In particular, the energy industry comprises:

the petroleum industry, including oil companies, petroleum refiners, fuel transport and end-user sales at gas stations

the gas industry, including natural gas extraction, and coal gas manufacture, as well as distribution and sales

the electrical power industry, including electricity generation, electric power distribution and sales

the coal industry

the nuclear power industry

the renewable energy industry, comprising alternative energy and sustainable energy companies, including those involved in hydroelectric power, wind power, and solar power generation, and the manufacture, distribution and sale of alternative fuels

traditional energy industry based on the collection and distribution of firewood, the use of which, for cooking and heating, is particularly common in poorer countries

List of countries by energy intensity

The following are lists of countries by energy intensity, or total energy consumption per unit GDP.

List of largest energy companies

An energy company is a company which operates within the energy industry, which can be involved in the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, refining and distribution. The companies listed below are traded on public stock exchanges, as such state owned energy companies, such as Aramco are not included. However Saudi Arabia’s deputy crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, revealed plans to float 5% of the shares of Aramco, creating a publicly traded company with a market capitalisation of around $2 trillion (almost three times that of Apple).The energy industry can be sub-divided into further, more specific areas - such as: the petroleum industry (oil companies, petroleum refiners, fuel transport and end-user sales at gas stations), gas and coal industry, as well as renewable energy companies. Also included are energy industry service companies as well as those which fall under the Energy service company umbrella.

Lists of countries and territories

This list is incomplete. You can help by expanding itThis is a list of many lists of countries and territories by various definitions, including FIFA countries, federations, and fictional countries. A country or territory is a geographical area, either in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) or state (a political entity).

List of countries by name

Lists of environmental topics

The natural environment commonly referred to simply as the environment, is all living and non-living things that occur naturally on Earth or some part of it (e.g. the natural environment in a country). This includes complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention, including all vegetation, animals, microorganisms, rocks, atmosphere and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries. And it includes universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from human activity.

World energy consumption

World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization. Typically measured per year, it involves all energy harnessed from every energy source applied towards humanity's endeavours across every single industrial and technological sector, across every country. It does not include energy from food, and the extent to which direct biomass burning has been accounted for is poorly documented. Being the power source metric of civilization, World Energy Consumption has deep implications for humanity's socio-economic-political sphere.

Institutions such as the International Energy Agency (IEA), the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), and the European Environment Agency (EEA) record and publish energy data periodically. Improved data and understanding of World Energy Consumption may reveal systemic trends and patterns, which could help frame current energy issues and encourage movement towards collectively useful solutions.

Closely related to energy consumption is the concept of total primary energy supply (TPES), which - on a global level - is the sum of energy production minus storage changes. Since changes of energy storage over the year are minor, TPES values can be used as an estimator for energy consumption. However, TPES ignores conversion efficiency, overstating forms of energy with poor conversion efficiency (e.g. coal, gas and nuclear) and understating forms already accounted for in converted forms (e.g. photovoltaic or hydroelectricity). The IEA estimates that, in 2013, total primary energy supply (TPES) was 1.575 × 1017 Wh (= 157.5 PWh, 157,500 TWh, 5.67 × 1020 joules, or 13,541 Mtoe) or about 18 TW-year. From 2000–2012 coal was the source of energy with the largest growth. The use of oil and natural gas also had considerable growth, followed by hydropower and renewable energy. Renewable energy grew at a rate faster than any other time in history during this period. The demand for nuclear energy decreased, in part due to nuclear disasters (e.g. Three Mile Island 1979, Chernobyl 1986, and Fukushima 2011). More recently, consumption of coal has declined relative to "renewable" energy. Updating the pie chart to the right ("World total primary energy consumption by fuel in 2015") with 2017 measures from the same source, coal dropped from about 29% of the global total to 27%, and non-hydro renewables were up to about 4% from 2%.In 2011, expenditures on energy totalled over 6 trillion USD, or about 10% of the world gross domestic product (GDP). Europe spends close to one-quarter of the world's energy expenditures, North America close to 20%, and Japan 6%.

Non-renewable energy
Renewable energy
Electric energy
Total energy

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