List of countries by Human Development Index

This is a full list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report. The latest report was released on 14 September 2018 and is based on data collected in 2017.[1]

In the 2010 Human Development Report, a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced. It stated that while the HDI remains useful, "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of "potential" human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[2] The index does not take into account several factors, such as the net wealth per capita or the relative quality of goods in a country. This situation tends to lower the ranking for some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.[3]

HDI 2018 (updated)
World map of countries by Human Development Index categories in increments of 0.050 (based on 2017 data, published on 14 September 2018).
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable
2018 UN Human Development Report
World map representing Human Development Index categories (based on 2017 data, published in 2018).[1]
  0.800–1.000 (very high)
  0.700–0.799 (high)
  0.555–0.699 (medium)
  0.350–0.554 (low)
  Data unavailable

Methodology

2017-2018 HDI Increases and Decreases
World map showing the increases and decreases of points on the Human Development Index scale from the 2017 report to the 2018 report.
  + 0.013
  + 0.012
  + 0.011
  + 0.010
  + 0.009
  + 0.008
  + 0.007
  + 0.006
  + 0.005
  + 0.004
  + 0.003
  + 0.002
  + 0.001
  No increase/decrease
  − 0.001
  − 0.002
  − 0.003
  − 0.004
  − 0.005
  − 0.006
  − 0.007
  − 0.008
  − 0.009
  − 0.010

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income per capita indicators. A country scores higher HDI when the life expectancy at birth is longer, the education period is longer, and the income per capita is higher. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[4][5] and Indian economist Amartya Sen. The UN report covers 187 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong and Palestine; 7 UN member states are not included because of lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the world and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

Countries fall into four broad human development categories: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development.

Because of the new methodology adopted since the 2010 Human Development Report, the new reported HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

From 2007 to 2010, the first category was referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) that were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

Frequency of issuing the index

The first index was launched in 1990, and the only year without a Human Development Report since 1990 was 2012.

The latest index—covering 189 countries—was launched on 14 September 2018.[1]

Complete list of countries

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

Very high human development

Rank Country/Territory HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
1 Steady  Norway 0.953 Increase 0.002
2 Steady   Switzerland 0.944 Increase 0.001
3 Steady  Australia 0.939 Increase 0.001
4 Steady  Ireland 0.938 Increase 0.004
5 Decrease (1)  Germany 0.936 Increase 0.002
6 Steady  Iceland 0.935 Increase 0.002
7 Increase (1)  Hong Kong 0.933 Increase 0.003
7 Steady  Sweden 0.933 Increase 0.001
9 Decrease (1)  Singapore 0.932 Increase 0.002
10 Steady  Netherlands 0.931 Increase 0.003
11 Decrease (1)  Denmark 0.929 Increase 0.001
12 Steady  Canada 0.926 Increase 0.004
13 Decrease (1)  United States 0.924 Increase 0.002
14 Steady  United Kingdom 0.922 Increase 0.002
15 Steady  Finland 0.920 Increase 0.002
16 Steady  New Zealand 0.917 Increase 0.002
17 Decrease (1)  Belgium 0.916 Increase 0.001
17 Decrease (1)  Liechtenstein 0.916 Increase 0.001
19 Steady  Japan 0.909 Increase 0.002
20 Steady  Austria 0.908 Increase 0.002
21 Steady  Luxembourg 0.904 Increase 0.001
22 Steady  Israel 0.903 Increase 0.001
22 Increase (1)  South Korea 0.903 Increase 0.003
24 Steady  France 0.901 Increase 0.002
25 Steady  Slovenia 0.896 Increase 0.002
26 Steady  Spain 0.891 Increase 0.002
27 Steady  Czech Republic 0.888 Increase 0.003
28 Steady  Italy 0.880 Increase 0.002
29 Steady  Malta 0.878 Increase 0.003
30 Steady  Estonia 0.871 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
31 Decrease (1)  Greece 0.870 Increase 0.002
32 Steady  Cyprus 0.869 Increase 0.002
33 Increase (1)  Poland 0.865 Increase 0.005
34 Decrease (1)  United Arab Emirates 0.863 Increase 0.001
35 Steady  Andorra 0.858 Increase 0.002
35 Increase (1)  Lithuania 0.858 Increase 0.003
37 Decrease (1)  Qatar 0.856 Increase 0.001
38 Increase (1)  Slovakia 0.855 Increase 0.002
39 Increase (1)  Brunei 0.853 Increase 0.001
39 Decrease (1)  Saudi Arabia 0.853 Decrease 0.001
41 Increase (2)  Latvia 0.847 Increase 0.003
41 Increase (1)  Portugal 0.847 Increase 0.002
43 Decrease (2)  Bahrain 0.846 Steady
44 Steady  Chile 0.843 Increase 0.001
45 Steady  Hungary 0.838 Increase 0.003
46 Steady  Croatia 0.831 Increase 0.003
47 Steady  Argentina 0.825 Increase 0.003
48 Decrease (1)  Oman 0.821 Decrease 0.001
49 Steady  Russia 0.816 Increase 0.001
50 Steady  Montenegro 0.814 Increase 0.004
51 Decrease (1)  Bulgaria 0.813 Increase 0.003
52 Steady  Romania 0.811 Increase 0.004
53 Increase (1)  Belarus 0.808 Increase 0.003
54 Decrease (1)  Bahamas 0.807 Increase 0.001
55 Increase (1)  Uruguay 0.804 Increase 0.002
56 Decrease (1)  Kuwait 0.803 Decrease 0.001
57 Steady  Malaysia 0.802 Increase 0.003
58 Decrease (1)  Barbados 0.800 Increase 0.001
58 Increase (2)  Kazakhstan 0.800 Increase 0.003

High human development

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
60 Increase (1)  Iran 0.798 Increase 0.002
60 Increase (2)  Palau 0.798 Steady
62 Steady  Seychelles 0.797 Increase 0.004
63 Steady  Costa Rica 0.794 Increase 0.003
64 Increase (1)  Turkey 0.791 Increase 0.004
65 Decrease (1)  Mauritius 0.790 Increase 0.002
66 Steady  Panama 0.789 Increase 0.004
67 Steady  Serbia 0.787 Increase 0.002
68 Increase (1)  Albania 0.785 Increase 0.003
69 Decrease (3)  Trinidad and Tobago 0.784 Increase 0.004
70 Steady  Antigua and Barbuda 0.780 Increase 0.002
70 Increase (1)  Georgia 0.780 Increase 0.004
72 Steady  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.778 Increase 0.004
73 Decrease (1)  Cuba 0.777 Increase 0.003
74 Steady  Mexico 0.774 Increase 0.002
75 Steady  Grenada 0.772 Increase 0.002
76 Steady  Sri Lanka 0.770 Increase 0.002
77 Steady  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.768 Increase 0.002
78 Decrease (1)  Venezuela 0.761 Decrease 0.005
79 Steady  Brazil 0.759 Increase 0.001
80 Steady  Azerbaijan 0.757 Steady
80 Increase (2)  Lebanon 0.757 Increase 0.004
80 Increase (1)  Macedonia 0.757 Increase 0.001
83 Steady  Armenia 0.755 Increase 0.006
83 Increase (1)  Thailand 0.755 Increase 0.007
85 Steady  Algeria 0.754 Increase 0.002
86 Increase (1)  China 0.752 Increase 0.004
86 Steady  Ecuador 0.752 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
88 Increase (2)  Ukraine 0.751 Increase 0.005
89 Decrease (1)  Peru 0.750 Increase 0.002
90 Decrease (1)  Colombia 0.747 Steady
90 Increase (1)  Saint Lucia 0.747 Increase 0.002
92 Increase (1)  Fiji 0.741 Increase 0.003
92 Steady  Mongolia 0.741 Decrease 0.002
94 Increase (1)  Dominican Republic 0.736 Increase 0.003
95 Decrease (1)  Jordan 0.735 Steady
95 Increase (1)  Tunisia 0.735 Increase 0.003
97 Decrease (1)  Jamaica 0.732 Steady
World 0.728 Increase 0.002
98 Steady  Tonga 0.726 Increase 0.002
99 Steady  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.723 Increase 0.002
100 Steady  Suriname 0.720 Increase 0.001
101 Increase (1)  Botswana 0.717 Increase 0.005
101 Increase (1)  Maldives 0.717 Increase 0.005
103 Decrease (1)  Dominica 0.715 Decrease 0.003
104 Steady  Samoa 0.713 Increase 0.002
105 Increase (2)  Uzbekistan 0.710 Increase 0.007
106 Decrease (1)  Belize 0.708 Decrease 0.001
106 New  Marshall Islands 0.708 New
108 Increase (7)  Libya 0.706 Increase 0.013
108 Decrease (1)  Turkmenistan 0.706 Increase 0.001
110 Steady  Gabon 0.702 Increase 0.004
110 Decrease (1)  Paraguay 0.702 Steady
112 Decrease (1)  Moldova 0.700 Increase 0.003

Medium human development

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
113 Decrease (1)  Philippines 0.699 Increase 0.003
113 Decrease (1)  South Africa 0.699 Increase 0.003
115 Decrease (1)  Egypt 0.696 Increase 0.002
116 Steady  Indonesia 0.694 Increase 0.003
116 Increase (1)  Vietnam 0.694 Increase 0.005
118 Steady  Bolivia 0.693 Increase 0.004
119 Decrease (1)  Palestine 0.686 Decrease 0.003
120 Increase (1)  Iraq 0.685 Increase 0.012
121 Decrease (1)  El Salvador 0.674 Decrease 0.005
122 Steady  Kyrgyzstan 0.672 Increase 0.003
123 Steady  Morocco 0.667 Increase 0.005
124 Steady  Nicaragua 0.658 Increase 0.001
125 Steady  Cape Verde 0.654 Increase 0.002
125 Steady  Guyana 0.654 Increase 0.002
127 Steady  Guatemala 0.650 Increase 0.001
127 Steady  Tajikistan 0.650 Increase 0.003
129 Steady  Namibia 0.647 Increase 0.002
130 Steady  India 0.640 Increase 0.004
131 Increase (1)  Micronesia 0.627 Steady
132 Decrease (1)  East Timor 0.625 Decrease 0.006
Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
133 Steady  Honduras 0.617 Increase 0.003
134 Increase (1)  Kiribati 0.612 Increase 0.002
134 Increase (1)  Bhutan 0.612 Increase 0.003
136 Increase (3)  Bangladesh 0.608 Increase 0.011
137 Decrease (3)  Congo, Republic of the 0.606 Decrease 0.006
138 Decrease (1)  Vanuatu 0.603 Decrease 0.003
139 Decrease (1)  Laos 0.601 Increase 0.003
140 Increase (1)  Ghana 0.592 Increase 0.004
141 Decrease (1)  Equatorial Guinea 0.591 Decrease 0.001
142 Increase (2)  Kenya 0.590 Increase 0.005
143 Increase (2)  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.589 Increase 0.005
144 Decrease (2)  Swaziland 0.588 Increase 0.002
144 Decrease (2)  Zambia 0.588 Increase 0.002
146 Increase (1)  Cambodia 0.582 Increase 0.006
147 Decrease (1)  Angola 0.581 Increase 0.004
148 Steady  Myanmar 0.578 Increase 0.004
149 Steady    Nepal 0.574 Increase 0.005
150 Steady  Pakistan 0.562 Increase 0.002
151 Steady  Cameroon 0.556 Increase 0.003

Low human development

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
152 Steady  Solomon Islands 0.546 Increase 0.003
153 Decrease (1)  Papua New Guinea 0.544 Increase 0.001
154 Increase (1)  Tanzania 0.538 Increase 0.005
155 Decrease (1)  Syria 0.536 Steady
156 Steady  Zimbabwe 0.535 Increase 0.003
157 Steady  Nigeria 0.532 Increase 0.002
158 Steady  Rwanda 0.524 Increase 0.004
159 Increase (1)  Lesotho 0.520 Increase 0.004
159 Increase (1)  Mauritania 0.520 Increase 0.004
161 Decrease (2)  Madagascar 0.519 Increase 0.002
162 Increase (1)  Uganda 0.516 Increase 0.006
163 Decrease (1)  Benin 0.515 Increase 0.003
164 Increase (2)  Senegal 0.505 Increase 0.006
165 Decrease (1)  Comoros 0.503 Increase 0.001
165 Steady  Togo 0.503 Increase 0.003
167 Decrease (1)  Sudan 0.502 Increase 0.003
168 Decrease (1)  Haiti 0.498 Increase 0.003
168 Increase (1)  Afghanistan 0.498 Increase 0.004
170 Steady  Ivory Coast 0.492 Increase 0.006
171 Steady  Malawi 0.477 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
[1]
Change in rank from previous year[1] 2018 rankings
[1]
Change from previous year
[1]
172 Decrease (1)  Djibouti 0.476 Increase 0.002
173 Steady  Ethiopia 0.463 Increase 0.006
174 Steady  Gambia 0.460 Increase 0.003
175 Increase (3)  Guinea 0.459 Increase 0.010
176 Increase (1)  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.457 Increase 0.005
177 Decrease (1)  Guinea-Bissau 0.455 Increase 0.002
178 Decrease (6)  Yemen 0.452 Decrease 0.010
179 Steady  Eritrea 0.440 Increase 0.004
180 Steady  Mozambique 0.437 Increase 0.002
181 Steady  Liberia 0.435 Increase 0.003
182 Steady  Mali 0.427 Increase 0.006
183 Steady  Burkina Faso 0.423 Increase 0.003
184 Increase (1)  Sierra Leone 0.419 Increase 0.006
185 Decrease (1)  Burundi 0.417 Decrease 0.001
186 Steady  Chad 0.404 Decrease 0.001
187 Steady  South Sudan 0.388 Decrease 0.006
188 Steady  Central African Republic 0.367 Increase 0.005
189 Steady  Niger 0.354 Increase 0.003

List of countries by continent

Africa

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
High human development
1  Seychelles 0.797
2  Mauritius 0.790
3  Algeria 0.754
4  Tunisia 0.735
5  Botswana 0.717
6  Libya 0.706
7  Gabon 0.702
Medium human development
8  South Africa 0.699
9  Egypt 0.696
10  Morocco 0.667

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Niger 0.354
2  Central African Republic 0.367
3  South Sudan 0.388
4  Chad 0.404
5  Burundi 0.417
6  Sierra Leone 0.419
7  Burkina Faso 0.423
8  Mali 0.427
9  Liberia 0.435
10  Mozambique 0.437

Asia

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Hong Kong 0.933
2  Singapore 0.932
3  Japan 0.909
4  Israel 0.903
4  South Korea 0.903
6  Cyprus 0.869
7  United Arab Emirates 0.863
8  Qatar 0.856
9  Brunei 0.853
9  Saudi Arabia 0.853

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Yemen 0.452
2  Afghanistan 0.498
3  Syria 0.536
Medium human development
4  Pakistan 0.562
5    Nepal 0.574
6  Myanmar 0.578
7  Cambodia 0.582
8  Laos 0.601
9  Bangladesh 0.608
10  Bhutan 0.612

Europe

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Norway 0.953
2   Switzerland 0.944
3  Ireland 0.938
4  Germany 0.936
5  Iceland 0.935
6  Sweden 0.933
7  Netherlands 0.931
8  Denmark 0.929
9  United Kingdom 0.922
10  Finland 0.920

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
High human development
1  Moldova 0.700
2  Ukraine 0.751
3  Armenia 0.755
4  Azerbaijan 0.757
4  Macedonia 0.757
6  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.768
7  Georgia 0.780
8  Albania 0.785
9  Serbia 0.787
10  Turkey 0.791

North America and the Caribbean

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Canada 0.926
2  United States 0.924
3  Bahamas 0.807
4  Barbados 0.800
High human development
5  Costa Rica 0.794
6  Panama 0.789
7  Trinidad and Tobago 0.784
8  Antigua and Barbuda 0.780
9  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.778
10  Cuba 0.777

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Haiti 0.498
Medium human development
2  Honduras 0.617
3  Guatemala 0.650
4  Nicaragua 0.658
5  El Salvador 0.674
High human development
6  Belize 0.708
7  Dominica 0.715
8  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.723
9  Jamaica 0.732
10  Dominican Republic 0.736

Oceania

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.939
2  New Zealand 0.917
High human development
3  Palau 0.798
4  Fiji 0.741
5  Tonga 0.726
6  Samoa 0.713
7  Marshall Islands 0.708
Medium human development
8  Micronesia 0.627
9  Kiribati 0.612
10  Vanuatu 0.603

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Papua New Guinea 0.544
2  Solomon Islands 0.546
Medium human development
3  Vanuatu 0.603
4  Kiribati 0.612
5  Micronesia 0.627
High human development
6  Marshall Islands 0.708
7  Samoa 0.713
8  Tonga 0.726
9  Fiji 0.741
10  Palau 0.798

South America

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Chile 0.843
2  Argentina 0.825
3  Uruguay 0.804
High human development
4  Venezuela 0.761
5  Brazil 0.759
6  Ecuador 0.752
7  Peru 0.750
8  Colombia 0.747
9  Suriname 0.720
10  Paraguay 0.702

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Medium human development
1  Guyana 0.654
2  Bolivia 0.693
High human development
3  Paraguay 0.702
4  Suriname 0.720
5  Colombia 0.747
6  Peru 0.750
7  Ecuador 0.752
8  Brazil 0.759
9  Venezuela 0.761
Very high human development
10  Uruguay 0.804

List of countries by intercontinental region

Arab League

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  United Arab Emirates 0.863
2  Qatar 0.856
3  Saudi Arabia 0.853
4  Bahrain 0.846
5  Oman 0.821
6  Kuwait 0.803
High human development
7  Lebanon 0.757
8  Algeria 0.754
9  Jordan 0.735
9  Tunisia 0.735

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Yemen 0.452
2  Djibouti 0.476
3  Sudan 0.502
4  Comoros 0.503
5  Mauritania 0.520
6  Syria 0.536
Medium human development
7  Morocco 0.667
8  Iraq 0.685
9 Palestinian National Authority Palestine 0.686
10  Egypt 0.696

Commonwealth of Nations

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.939
2  Singapore 0.932
3  Canada 0.926
4  United Kingdom 0.922
5  New Zealand 0.917
6  Malta 0.878
7  Cyprus 0.869
8  Brunei 0.853
9  Bahamas 0.807
10  Malaysia 0.802

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Sierra Leone 0.419
2  Mozambique 0.437
3  Gambia 0.460
4  Malawi 0.477
5  Uganda 0.516
6  Lesotho 0.520
7  Rwanda 0.524
8  Nigeria 0.532
9  Tanzania 0.538
10  Papua New Guinea 0.544

East Asia and the Pacific

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.939
2  Hong Kong 0.933
3  Singapore 0.932
4  New Zealand 0.917
5  Japan 0.909
6  South Korea 0.903
7  Brunei 0.853
8  Malaysia 0.802
High human development
9  Palau 0.798
10  Thailand 0.755

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2015 estimates for 2014
Low human development
1  Papua New Guinea 0.544
2  Solomon Islands 0.546
Medium human development
3  Myanmar 0.578
4  Cambodia 0.582
5  Laos 0.601
6  Vanuatu 0.603
7  Kiribati 0.612
8  Timor Leste 0.625
9  Micronesia 0.627
10  Vietnam 0.694

European Union

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Ireland 0.938
2  Germany 0.936
3  Sweden 0.933
4  Netherlands 0.931
5  Denmark 0.929
6  United Kingdom 0.922
7  Finland 0.920
8  Belgium 0.916
9  Austria 0.908
10  Luxembourg 0.904

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Romania 0.811
2  Bulgaria 0.813
3  Croatia 0.831
4  Hungary 0.838
5  Portugal 0.847
5  Latvia 0.847
7  Slovakia 0.855
8  Lithuania 0.858
9  Poland 0.865
10  Cyprus 0.869

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  United Arab Emirates 0.863
2  Qatar 0.856
3  Brunei 0.853
3  Saudi Arabia 0.853
5  Bahrain 0.846
6  Oman 0.821
7  Kuwait 0.803
8  Malaysia 0.802
9  Kazakhstan 0.800
High human development
10  Iran 0.798

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Low human development
1  Niger 0.354
2  Chad 0.404
3  Sierra Leone 0.419
4  Burkina Faso 0.423
5  Mali 0.427
6  Mozambique 0.437
7  Yemen 0.452
8  Guinea-Bissau 0.455
9  Guinea 0.459
10  Gambia 0.460

OECD

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
Very high human development
1  Norway 0.953
2   Switzerland 0.944
3  Australia 0.939
4  Ireland 0.938
5  Germany 0.936
6  Iceland 0.935
7  Netherlands 0.931
8  Denmark 0.929
9  Canada 0.926
10  United States 0.924

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2018 rankings
High human development
1  Mexico 0.774
2  Turkey 0.791
Very high human development
3  Hungary 0.838
4  Chile 0.843
5  Latvia 0.847
5  Portugal 0.847
7  Slovakia 0.855
8  Lithuania 0.858
9  Poland 0.865
10  Greece 0.870

HDI by regions and groups

Region or group 2015
rankings
[1]
2016
rankings
[1]
2017
rankings
[1]
2018
rankings
[1]
Very high human development
OECD 0.886 0.890 0.893 0.895
Very High Human Development 0.887 0.890 0.892 0.894
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.761 0.764 0.767 0.771
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.751 0.754 0.757 0.758
High Human Development 0.745 0.750 0.754 0.757
East Asia and the Pacific 0.720 0.725 0.730 0.733
World 0.718 0.722 0.726 0.728
Medium human development
Arab states 0.690 0.694 0.697 0.699
Developing countries 0.669 0.673 0.678 0.681
Small Island Developing States 0.667 0.673 0.674 0.676
Medium Human Development 0.627 0.634 0.641 0.645
South Asia 0.618 0.625 0.634 0.638
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.526 0.531 0.534 0.537
Least Developed Countries 0.511 0.515 0.519 0.524
Low Human Development 0.495 0.498 0.501 0.504

Countries missing from latest report

Note: The 2009 publication uses an older version of the HDI formula and classification standard. The ranges are 0–0.499 for low HDI, 0.500–0.799 for medium HDI, 0.800–0.899 for high HDI and greater than 0.900 for very high HDI.[6]

UN member states (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country HDI Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2009 2008  San Marino 0.961 [7]
2009 2008  Monaco 0.956 [7]
Medium human development
2009 2008  North Korea 0.733 [7]
2009 2008  Nauru 0.721 [7]
2009 2008  Tuvalu 0.711 [7]
Low human development
2009 2008  Somalia 0.364 [7]

Non-UN member states (latest UNDP data)

Year Country or territory HDI Source
Publication Data
High human development
N/A 2016  Kosovo 0.739 [8]

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country or territory HDI Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2018 2016  Macau 0.909 [a]
2018 2017  Taiwan 0.907 [b]
2009 2008  Jersey 0.985 [7]
2009 2008  Cayman Islands 0.983 [7]
2009 2008  Bermuda 0.981 [7]
2009 2008  Guernsey 0.975 [7]
2009 2008  Gibraltar 0.961 [7]
2009 2008  Faroe Islands 0.950 [7]
2009 2008  Isle of Man 0.950 [7]
2009 2008  British Virgin Islands 0.945 [7]
2009 2008  Falkland Islands 0.933 [7]
2009 2008  Aruba 0.908 [7]
2009 2008  Guam 0.901 [7]
High human development
2009 2008  U.S. Virgin Islands 0.894 [7]
2009 2008  Northern Mariana Islands 0.875 [7]
2009 2008  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.873 [7]
2009 2008  Anguilla 0.865 [7]
2017 2015  Puerto Rico 0.845 [12]
2015 2010  Greenland 0.839 [13]
2009 2008  Cook Islands 0.829 [7]
2009 2008  American Samoa 0.827 [7]
2009 2008  Montserrat 0.821 [7]
2012 2010  New Caledonia 0.789 [14]
2012 2005  Wallis and Futuna 0.763 [14]
2012 2010  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.762 [14]
2012 2010  French Polynesia 0.737 [14]
2012 2000  Saint Martin 0.702 [14]
Medium human development
2009 2008  Saint Helena 0.797 [7]
2009 2008  Niue 0.794 [7]
2009 2008  Tokelau 0.750 [7]
2012 2000  Saint Barthélemy 0.688 [14]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[9]
  2. ^ The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see[10]). Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0.907, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Human Development Report 2018 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  2. ^ Human Development Report, The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development (2010) p.87
  3. ^ The Courier. Commission of the European Communities. 1994.
  4. ^ "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  5. ^ "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  6. ^ Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, p. 15
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
  8. ^ "About Kosovo". UNDP. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Macao in Figures, 2018". www.dsec.gov.mo.
  10. ^ "- Human Development Reports" (PDF). hdr.undp.org.
  11. ^ "2018中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (Excel) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  12. ^ "Human Development Index Trends and Inequality in Puerto Rico 2010-2015" Fuentes-Ramírez, Ricardo R. (2017). Ceteris Paribus: Journal of Socio-Economic Research. 7. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  13. ^ "The Greenlandic Economy – Structure and Prospects" Andersen, Torben M. (2015). Economics Working Papers, 2015-14. Aarhus University. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f Quel niveau de développement des départements et collectivités d‘outre-mer ? Une approche par l’indice de développement humain, Agence Française de Developpment, 2012 (in French)

External links

International rankings of Venezuela

These are the international rankings of Venezuela.

List of Bolivian departments by Human Development Index

This is a list of Bolivian departments by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the year 2017.

List of Eritrean regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of Eritrean regions by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Ghanaian regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of Regions of Ghana by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the year 2017.

List of Iranian provinces by Human Development Index

This is a list of Iranian Provinces by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the year 2017.

List of Italian regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of 19 Regions of Italy and the 2 autonomos provinces of Trentino and South Tyrol by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Malaysian states by Human Development Index

This is a list of Malaysian states and federal territories by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Polish voivodeships by Human Development Index

This is a list of the voivodeships of Poland by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Senegalese regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of Regions of Senegal by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Spanish autonomous communities by Human Development Index

This is a list of Spains 17 autonomous communities and the 2 autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla by their Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Sudanese states by Human Development Index

This is a list of states of Sudan by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of Turkish regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of Turkish NUTS1 statistical regions by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the Year 2017.

List of Vietnamese regions by Human Development Index

This is a list of the Regions of Vietnam by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the year 2017.

List of administrative divisions of Myanmar by Human Development Index

This is a list of administrative divisions of Myanmar by Human Development Index as of 2016 with data for the year 2015.

List of countries by Human Development Index (1998)

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as reported in the United Nations Human Development Report for 1998, compiled on the basis of estimates for 1995. It covers 158 UN member states (out of the then 192) and Hong Kong, China. 24 UN member states are not included due to lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.Countries fall into four broad human development categories, each of which comprises 42 countries (except for the second category, comprising 43 countries). The divisions are:

Due to the new methodology adopted in 2010 HD Report, its HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

Starting in the report for 2007, the first category is referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) have been removed that were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

List of countries by Human Development Index (2009)

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report released on 5 October 2009, compiled on the basis of data from 2007. It covers 180 UN member states (out of 192), along with Hong Kong (SAR of China) and the Palestinian territories. Twelve UN member states are not included due to lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.Countries fall into four broad human development categories based on their HDI:

Starting in the report for 2007, the first category is referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries. The original "very high human development" (0.8 to 1) has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) have been removed that were based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity per capita.

List of departments of Haiti by Human Development Index

This is a list of departments of Haiti by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of governorates of Egypt by Human Development Index

This is a list of the governorates of Egypt by Human Development Index as of 2017.

List of provinces of Mozambique by Human Development Index

This is a list of provinces of Mozambique by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data for the year 2017.

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