This page is a list of the countries of the world by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures on this page are derived from PPP calculations. Such calculations are prepared by various organizations, including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. As estimates and assumptions have to be made, the results produced by different organizations for the same country are not hard facts and tend to differ, sometimes substantially, so they should be used with caution.
Comparisons of national wealth are frequently made on the basis of nominal GDP and savings (not just income), which do not reflect differences in the cost of living in different countries (see List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita); hence, using a PPP basis is arguably more useful when comparing generalized differences in living standards between nations because PPP takes into account the relative cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries, rather than using only exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in income. This is why GDP (PPP) per capita is often considered one of the indicators of a country's standard of living, although this can be problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income. (See Standard of living and GDP.)
Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP was over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.
Several economies that are not considered to be sovereign states (such as various dependent territories) are included because they appear in the sources. These non-sovereign entities, former countries and other special groupings are in italics. They are listed in dollar order, but are not given a numerical rank.
|International Monetary Fund (2018)||World Bank (2017)||Central Intelligence Agency (1993–2017)|
There are many natural economic reasons for GDP-per-capita to vary between jurisdictions (e.g. places rich in Oil & Gas reserves tend to have high GDP-per-capita figures). However, it is increasingly being recognized that tax havens, or corporate tax havens, have distorted economic data which produces artificially high, or inflated, GDP-per-capita figures. It is estimated that over 15% of global jurisdictions are tax havens (see tax haven lists). An IMF investigation estimates that circa 40% of global FDI flows, which heavily influence the GDP of various jurisdictions, are described as "phantom" transactions.
A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.
In 2017, Ireland's economic data became so distorted by U.S. multinational tax avoidance strategies (see leprechaun economics), also known as BEPS actions, that Ireland effectively abandoned GDP (and GNP) statistics as credible measures of its economy, and created a replacement statistic called Modified gross national income (or GNI*). Ireland is one of the world's largest corporate tax havens.
Ireland has, more or less, stopped using GDP to measure its own economy. And on current trends [because Irish GDP is distorting EU-28 aggregate data], the eurozone taken as a whole may need to consider something similar.
The statistical distortions created by the impact on the Irish National Accounts of the global assets and activities of a handful of large multinational corporations have now become so large as to make a mockery of conventional uses of Irish GDP.
|International Monetary Fund (2017)||World Bank (2016)|
This is a comparison between Argentine provinces and countries by Gross Domestic Product (PPP) per capita. All data is for the year 2008.
These figures are based on the IADER list on List of Argentine provinces by GDP (nominal) per capita for Argentine provinces, and the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita for world GDP per capita and based on International Monetary Fund data.Economy of the Netherlands
According to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the Netherlands was the 18th largest economy of the world in 2012, while the country has only about 17 million inhabitants. (see: List of countries by GDP (nominal)). GDP per capita is roughly $48,860 which makes it one of richest nations in the world (see: List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita). Between 1996 and 2000 annual economic growth (GDP) averaged over 4%, well above the European average. Growth slowed considerably in 2001–05 as part of the global economic slowdown. 2006 and 2007 however showed economic growth of 3.4% and 3.9%. The Dutch economy was hit considerably by the ongoing global financial crisis and the ensuing European debt crisis.
The Netherlands has discovered huge natural gas resources since 1959. The sale of natural gas generated enormous revenues for the Netherlands for decades, adding hundreds of billions of euros to the government's budget. However, the unforeseen consequences of the country's huge energy wealth impacted the competitiveness of other sectors of the economy, leading to the theory of Dutch disease.The Netherlands have a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted for stable industrial relations, fairly low unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus (compared to the size of the country even more than Germany) and an important role as a European transportation hub, with Rotterdam as by far the biggest port in Europe and Amsterdam with one of the biggest airports in Europe. Industrial activity is predominantly in food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, hightech, financial services, creative sector and electrical machinery. A highly mechanised agricultural sector employs no more than 2% of the labour force but provides large surpluses for the food-processing industry and for exports. The Netherlands, along with 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 January 2002.
The stern financial policy has been abandoned in 2009 because of the current credit crises. The relatively large banking sector was partly nationalised and bailed out through government interventions. The unemployment rate dropped to 5.0% in the summer of 2011, but increased with a sharp rate since then to 7.3% in May 2013, 6.8% in 2015 but dropped again to 3.9% in March 2018. The state budget deficit is about 2.2% in 2015 well below the norm of 3.0% in the EU. In 2016 the state budget showed a surplus of 0.4% and this is expected to grow to a surplus of over 1.0% in 2017.
Historically, the Dutch introduced and invented the stock market by the merchandise trading through Dutch East India Company. The Netherlands is a founding member of the European Union, the OECD and the World Trade Organization.List of European Union member states by average wage
This is a map and list of European Union member states containing monthly (annual divided by 12 months) net income (after taxes) average wages of full-time workers in the European Union expressed in euros. The chart below reflects the average (mean) wage as reported by Eurostat for 2015. In less developed markets, actual incomes may exceed those listed in the table due to the existence of grey economies. In some countries, social security, contributions for pensions, public schools, and health are included in taxes.List of European Union member states by unemployment rate
This is list of European Union member states by unemployment and employment rate.List of European countries by number of Internet users
This article presents a map and a list of European countries by number of Internet users.List of North American countries by GDP (PPP) per capita
This is a list of North American nations by GDP per capita. All figures are based on the gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year. The figures given are in international dollars and rounded to the nearest hundred. Names of dependent territories (not sovereign states) are in italics and are not ranked.List of Saudi cities by GDP per capita
This article includes a list of the main Saudi cities sorted by their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita,
the list includes 5 cities, Riyadh, Jeddah, Khobar, Dhahran and Dammam. The currency is sorted by the Saudi Riyal, which can also be worked out in the US Dollar.Currently Dhahran is within the highest GDP Per Capita in the Middle East after Qatar. Ranking the first in Saudi Arabia, Dhahran's Economic development is however reaching at a high level.List of countries by GDP (PPP) per hour worked
The GDP (PPP) per hour worked is a measure of the productivity of a country when not taking into account unemployment or hours worked per week. GDP (PPP) stands for gross domestic product normalised to purchasing power parity.List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.
The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.
Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living; although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.
Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.
Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.
Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.
All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.List of countries by past and projected GDP (PPP) per capita
This is an alphabetical list of countries by past and future Gross Domestic Product per capita, based on the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) methodology, not on official exchange rates. Values are given in USDs. These figures have been taken from the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database, April 2019 Edition.List of sovereign states in Europe by GDP (PPP) per capita
This is a map and list of European countries by GDP per capita at purchasing power parity for the year 2019 based on data from the International Monetary Fund.List of sovereign states in Europe by GNI (nominal) per capita
This is a map of European countries by GNI (Gross national income nominal) per capita for year 2018. High income in purple ($12,056 or more, as defined by the World Bank), upper middle income in orange ($3,896 and $12,055) and lower middle income ($996 and $3,895) in red.List of sovereign states in Europe by budget revenues
This is map and list of European countries by budget revenues and budget revenues per capita for year 2013 from Eurostat and CIA World Factbook. Countries in blue have more than €100 billion, green €10-€99 billion and yellow below €10 billion budget revenues from Eurostat and CIA FactbookList of sovereign states in Europe by budget revenues per capita
This is a map and list of European countries by budget revenues per capita. The data is from the CIA Factbook, with numbers from 2007. Countries in blue have more than $10,000 per capita, countries in green are between $3,000 and $10,000 and countries in yellow are below $3,000 budget revenue per capita.Lists of countries by GDP
List of countries by GDP (Gross domestic product) may refer to:
List of countries by GDP (nominal), a list using the current exchange rates for national currencies
List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
List of countries by GDP (PPP), a list using the concept of purchasing power parity to derive GDP estimates
List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita
List of countries by GDP (PPP) per hour worked
List of countries by GDP (PPP) per person employed
List of countries by real GDP growth rateLists of countries by GDP per capita
There are several ways of listing countries according to their per capita GDP. These include:
List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capitaPer capita income
Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.
|Purchasing power parity (PPP)|
|Gross national income (GNI)|
|Countries by region|
Economic classification of countries
|Gross domestic product (GDP)|
|Gross national income (GNI)|
|Other national accounts|
|Net international |
investment position (NIIP)
|Budget and debt|
|Income and taxes|