This list contains the 180 currencies recognized as legal tender in United Nations (UN) member states, UN observer states, partially recognized or unrecognized states, and their dependencies. However excluding the pegged (fixed exchange rate) currencies, there are only 130 currencies (which are independent or pegged to a currency basket). Dependencies and unrecognized states are listed here only if another currency is used in their territory that is different from the one of the state that administers them or has jurisdiction over them.
A currency is a kind of money and medium of exchange. Currency includes paper, cotton, or polymer banknotes and metal coins. States generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some states share currencies with other states. For the purposes of this list, only currencies that are legal tender, including those used in actual commerce or issued for commemorative purposes, are considered "circulating currencies". This includes fractional units that have no physical form but are recognized by the issuing state, such as the United States mill,[A] the Egyptian millieme,[B] and the Japanese rin.[C] Currencies used by non-state entities, like the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, scrips used by private entities, and other private, virtual, and alternative currencies are not under the purview of this list.
Select the Currency column to sort by the name of the currency, showing where each currency is used together.
Yellow background means a given currency is pegged to another currency (details).
|State or territory||Currency||Symbol[D]||ISO code||Fractional
|Akrotiri and Dhekelia||Euro||€||EUR||Cent||100|
|Anguilla||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Ascension Island||Ascension pound[E]||£||(none)||Penny||100|
|Saint Helena pound||£||SHP||Penny||100|
|Bahamas, The||Bahamian dollar||$||BSD||Cent||100|
|Benin||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Bonaire||United States dollar[H]||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||KM or КМ[I]||BAM||Fening||100|
|British Indian Ocean Territory||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|British Virgin Islands||British Virgin Islands dollar[E]||$||(none)||Cent||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Burkina Faso||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Cameroon||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|Cape Verde||Cape Verdean escudo||Esc or $||CVE||Centavo||100|
|Cayman Islands||Cayman Islands dollar||$||KYD||Cent||100|
|Central African Republic||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|Chad||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|China||Chinese yuan||¥ or 元||CNY||Fen[J]||100|
|Cocos (Keeling) Islands||Australian dollar||$||AUD||Cent||100|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of the||Congolese franc||Fr||CDF||Centime||100|
|Congo, Republic of the||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|Cook Islands||Cook Islands dollar||$||(none)||Cent||100|
|New Zealand dollar||$||NZD||Cent||100|
|Costa Rica||Costa Rican colón||₡||CRC||Céntimo||100|
|Côte d'Ivoire||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Cuban convertible peso||$||CUC||Centavo||100|
|Curaçao||Netherlands Antillean guilder||ƒ||ANG||Cent||100|
|Czech Republic||Czech koruna||Kč||CZK||Haléř||100|
|Dominica||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Dominican Republic||Dominican peso||$||DOP||Centavo||100|
|East Timor||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Ecuador||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Egypt||Egyptian pound||£ or ج.م||EGP||Piastre[B]||100|
|El Salvador||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Equatorial Guinea||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|Falkland Islands||Falkland Islands pound||£||FKP||Penny||100|
|Faroe Islands||Danish krone||kr||DKK||Øre||100|
|French Polynesia||CFP franc||₣||XPF||Centime||100|
|Gabon||Central African CFA franc||Fr||XAF||Centime||100|
|Gambia, The||Gambian dalasi||D||GMD||Butut||100|
|Grenada||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Guinea-Bissau||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Hong Kong||Hong Kong dollar||$||HKD||Cent||100|
|Isle of Man||Manx pound||£||IMP[G]||Penny||100|
|Israel||Israeli new shekel||₪||ILS||Agora||100|
|Korea, North||North Korean won||₩||KPW||Chon||100|
|Korea, South||South Korean won||₩||KRW||Jeon||100|
|South African rand||R||ZAR||Cent||100|
|Mali||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Marshall Islands||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Montserrat||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|South African rand||R||ZAR||Cent||100|
|New Caledonia||CFP franc||₣||XPF||Centime||100|
|New Zealand||New Zealand dollar||$||NZD||Cent||100|
|Niger||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Niue||New Zealand dollar||$||NZD||Cent||100|
|North Macedonia||Macedonian denar||ден||MKD||Deni||100|
|Northern Cyprus||Turkish lira||₺||TRY||Kuruş||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Palestine||Israeli new shekel||₪||ILS||Agora||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Papua New Guinea||Papua New Guinean kina||K||PGK||Toea||100|
|Pitcairn Islands||New Zealand dollar||$||NZD||Cent||100|
|Pitcairn Islands dollar[E]||$||(none)||Cent||100|
|Saba||United States dollar[H]||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Sahrawi Republic[N]||Algerian dinar||د.ج||DZD||Santeem||100|
|Moroccan dirham||د. م.||MAD||Centime||100|
|Sahrawi peseta||₧ or Ptas||(none)||Centime||100|
|Saint Helena||Saint Helena pound||£||SHP||Penny||100|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Saint Lucia||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Eastern Caribbean dollar||$||XCD||Cent||100|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||São Tomé and Príncipe dobra||Db||STN||Cêntimo||100|
|Saudi Arabia||Saudi riyal||ر.س||SAR||Halala||100|
|Senegal||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Serbia||Serbian dinar||дин. or din.||RSD||Para||100|
|Sierra Leone||Sierra Leonean leone||Le||SLL||Cent||100|
|Sint Eustatius||United States dollar[H]||$||USD||Cent||100|
|Sint Maarten||Netherlands Antillean guilder||ƒ||ANG||Cent||100|
|Solomon Islands||Solomon Islands dollar||$||SBD||Cent||100|
|South Africa||South African rand||R||ZAR||Cent||100|
|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands||British pound||£||GBP||Penny||100|
|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands pound[E]||£||(none)||Penny||100|
|South Ossetia||Russian ruble||₽||RUB||Kopek||100|
|South Sudan||South Sudanese pound||£||SSP||Piastre||100|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lankan rupee||Rs රු or ரூ||LKR||Cent||100|
|Syria||Syrian pound||£ or ل.س||SYP||Piastre||100|
|Taiwan||New Taiwan dollar||$||TWD||Cent||100|
|Togo||West African CFA franc||Fr||XOF||Centime||100|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidad and Tobago dollar||$||TTD||Cent||100|
|Tristan da Cunha||Saint Helena pound||£||SHP||Penny||100|
|Tristan da Cunha pound[E]||£||(none)||Penny||100|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent||100|
|United Arab Emirates||United Arab Emirates dirham||د.إ||AED||Fils||100|
|United Kingdom||British pound[F]||£||GBP||Penny||100|
|United States||United States dollar||$||USD||Cent[A]||100|
|Uzbekistan||Uzbekistani soʻm||so'm or сўм||UZS||Tiyin||100|
|Venezuela||Venezuelan bolívar soberano||Bs.S. or Bs.||VES||Céntimo||100|
|Wallis and Futuna||CFP franc||₣||XPF||Centime||100|
|Chinese yuan||¥ or 元||CNY||Fen[J]||100|
|South African rand||Rs||ZAR||Cent||100|
|United States dollar||$||USD||Cent[A]||100|
In monetary economics, circulation is the continuing use of individual units of a currency for transactions. Thus currency in circulation is the total value of currency (coins and paper currency) that has ever been issued minus the amount that has been removed from the economy by the central bank. More broadly, money in circulation is the total money supply of a country, which can be defined in various ways always including currency and also including some types of bank deposits.
Standard money is the basic currency circulating within a monetary system. It has legal recognition for prices and settlement. According to Karl Marx circulation is a process which is established by capital and formed from wealth.The amount of money in circulation varies according to a number of factors. For example, there is more demand at Christmas time when commercial activity is high. Notes and coins stored in warehouses are ordered by banks and sent to them so they may increase supply.Gold coins are the traditional kind of coin placed into circulation. Some coins enter circulation before a die defect in their design is discovered and they are removed. If a coin is in circulation for a short period of time it is more likely to be of interest to coin collectors.Coin
A coin is a small, flat, (usually, depending on the country or value) round piece of metal or plastic used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender. They are standardized in weight, and produced in large quantities at a mint in order to facilitate trade. They are most often issued by a government.
Coins are usually metal or alloy, or sometimes made of synthetic materials. They are usually disc shaped. Coins made of valuable metal are stored in large quantities as bullion coins. Other coins are used as money in everyday transactions, circulating alongside banknotes. Usually the highest value coin in circulation (i.e. excluding bullion coins) is worth less than the lowest-value note. In the last hundred years, the face value of circulation coins has occasionally been lower than the value of the metal they contain, for example due to inflation. If the difference becomes significant, the issuing authority may decide to withdraw these coins from circulation, possibly issuing new equivalents with a different composition, or the public may decide to melt the coins down or hoard them (see Gresham's law).
Exceptions to the rule of face value being higher than content value also occur for some bullion coins made of copper, silver, or gold (and, rarely, other metals, such as platinum or palladium), intended for collectors or investors in precious metals. Examples of modern gold collector/investor coins include the British sovereign minted by the United Kingdom, the American Gold Eagle minted by the United States, the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf minted by Canada, and the Krugerrand, minted by South Africa. While the Eagle, Maple Leaf, and Sovereign coins have nominal (purely symbolic) face values, the Krugerrand does not.
Historically, a great quantity of coinage metals (including alloys) and other materials (e.g. porcelain) have been used to produce coins for circulation, collection, and metal investment: bullion coins often serve as more convenient stores of assured metal quantity and purity than other bullion.Currency
A currency (from Middle English: curraunt, "in circulation", from Latin: currens, -entis), in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money (monetary units) in common use, especially for people in a nation. Under this definition, US dollars (US$), pounds sterling (£), Australian dollars (A$), European euros (€), Russian rubles (₽) and Indian Rupees (₹) are examples of currency. These various currencies are recognized as stores of value and are traded between nations in foreign exchange markets, which determine the relative values of the different currencies. Currencies in this sense are defined by governments, and each type has limited boundaries of acceptance.
Other definitions of the term "currency" are discussed in their respective synonymous articles banknote, coin, and money. The latter definition, pertaining to the currency systems of nations, is the topic of this article. Currencies can be classified into two monetary systems: fiat money and commodity money, depending on what guarantees the currency's value (the economy at large vs. the government's physical metal reserves). Some currencies are legal tender in certain political jurisdictions. Others are simply traded for their economic value. Digital currency has arisen with the popularity of computers and the Internet.Currency symbol
A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
Although several former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighbouring countries. It finalised its new currency symbol, ₹ (₹) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter 'र' (ra).Dinar
The dinar is the principal currency unit in several countries and was used historically in several more.
The modern dinar's historical antecedents are the gold dinar, the main coin of the medieval Islamic empires, first issued in AH 77 (696–697 AD) by Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. The word is derived from the silver denarius coin of ancient Rome, first minted about 211 BC.
The English word "dinar" is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which was borrowed via the Syriac dīnarā from the Greek δηνάριον (dēnárion), itself from the Latin dēnārius.A gold coin known as the dīnāra was also introduced to India by the Kushan Empire in the 1st century AD, and adopted by the Gupta Empire and its successors up to the 6th century. The modern gold dinar is a projected bullion gold coin, so far not issued as official currency by any state.Dollar
Dollar (often represented by the dollar sign $) is the name of more than 20 currencies, including those of Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Liberia, Namibia, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, and the United States. The U.S. dollar is also the official currency of the Caribbean Netherlands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Palau, and Zimbabwe. One dollar is generally divided into 100 cents.ISO 4217
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables:
Table A.1 – Current currency & funds code list
Table A.2 – Current funds codes
Table A.3 – List of codes for historic denominations of currencies & fundsThe tables, history and ongoing discussion are maintained by SIX Interbank Clearing on behalf of ISO and the Swiss Association for Standardization.The ISO 4217 code list is used in banking and business globally. In many countries the ISO codes for the more common currencies are so well known publicly that exchange rates published in newspapers or posted in banks use only these to delineate the currencies, instead of translated currency names or ambiguous currency symbols. ISO 4217 codes are used on airline tickets and international train tickets to remove any ambiguity about the price.List of circulating fixed exchange rate currencies
This is a list of circulating or proposed fixed exchange rate currencies, with corresponding reference currencies and exchange rates.
The yellow background means a given currency is only a proposed currency.List of currencies
A list of all currencies, current and historic. The local name of the currency is used in this list, with the adjectival form of the country or region.List of currencies in Asia
This is the list of currencies presently in circulation in Asia. The Kuwaiti dinar, the official currency of Kuwait, is the world's most valued currency. Before its introduction in 1960, the Indian rupee was circulated in Kuwait.List of currencies in Europe
There are 25 currencies currently used in the 50 countries of Europe, all of which are members of the United Nations, except Vatican City, which is an observer. All de facto present currencies in Europe, and an incomplete list of the preceding currency, are listed here.
A currency is a medium of exchange, such as money, banknotes, and coins. In Europe, the most commonly used currency is the euro (used by 25 countries); any country entering the European Union (EU) is expected to join the eurozone when they meet the five convergence criteria. Denmark is the only EU member which has been granted an exemption from using the euro. Sweden has also not adopted the Euro, although unlike Denmark, it has not formally opted out; instead, it fails to meet the ERM II (Exchange Rate Mechanism) which results in the non-use of the Euro. For countries which hope to join the eurozone, there are five guidelines that need to be followed, grouped in the Maastricht criteria.The pound sterling, used by the United Kingdom, is rated at fourth on Investopedia's list of the top 8 most tradable currencies, saying that it is a "little bit more volatile than the euro". It was ranked just ahead of the Swiss franc, ranked fifth, which is used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein, saying that the set up of the Swiss banking "emphasizes the economic and financial stability policies dictated by the governing board of the SNB". Both are in the top 8 major currencies on Bloomberg. Several countries use currencies which translate as "crown": the Czech koruna, the Norwegian krone, the Danish krone, the Icelandic króna, and the Swedish krona.At present, the euro is legal tender in 19 out of 28 European Union member states, in addition to 5 countries not part of the EU (Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Andorra and Montenegro). Kosovo also uses the euro, but is only partially recognised as an independent state.List of currencies in the Americas
There are 39 currencies currently in official use in the Americas. All de jure present currencies in the Americas are listed here, including currencies from countries which are not sovereign states or dependencies.
A commonly used currency in the Americas is the United States dollar. It is the world's largest reserve currency, the resulting economic value of which benefits the U.S. at over $100 billion annually. However, its position as a reserve currency damages American exporters because this increases the value of the United States dollar. The United States dollar is also "standard" in international commodity markets. In the phenomenon known as 'dollarization', the U.S. dollar has been adopted as the official currency of several other countries. However, semi-dollarization also exists in a few other countries where the U.S. dollar is recognised as legal tender alongside another currency, and unofficial dollarization exists in many areas where the U.S. dollar is widely used and accepted-although it is not recognised as legal tender. Ecuador uses the United States dollar (the French overseas department French Guiana uses the euro, the currency of France).
The Brazilian real is considered a strong South American currency; under presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff, the real almost tripled in value, resulting in a vast change in economics, with many people who were middle class benefiting greatly. The minimum wage was raised, and Brazil's position as a leading exporter of raw materials, including soya beans and iron ore was underlined, but they are responsible for Brazil's improved economy, which damaged the "competitiveness of manufacturing", reducing the amount of exports.The Chilean currency, the Chilean peso, is also strong. However, this again means that manufacturing struggles, as cheaper imports are pricing them out of business. In January 2011, after Chile announced that in 2011 the country planned to buy foreign reserves of $12 billion, the peso experienced an immediate fall in value. The country's main export is copper to China and India. The currency strength has resulted in over-high wages, and high inflation.The East Caribbean dollar is the most used currency by the number of countries in the Caribbean utilizing it. The East Caribbean dollar is pegged to the United States dollar, and has been for over 35 years since 1976, having previously been pegged to the pound sterling. In 1965, the East Caribbean Currency Authority was established (coming after the British Caribbean Currency Board), to distribute currency, but The Bahamas withdrew from the organisation to create its own bank. The East Caribbean dollar is used in all seven member countries of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and Anguilla (a British overseas territory); the only OECS member using a different currency is the British Virgin Islands, a British overseas territory where the U.S. dollar is the official currency. Cuba and Panama both use two currencies. Cuba is attempting to gradually phase out the Cuban convertible peso, unifying the two in the Cuban peso. Although there is no confirmed timescale for the reform, whilst quoting Cuban economists, Reuters gave an estimation of 18 months (from October 2013). Panama uses the United States dollar informally, but additionally uses the Panamanian balboa as legal tender.World currency
In the foreign exchange market and international finance, a world currency, supranational currency, or global currency is a currency that is transacted internationally, with no set borders.
Lists of currencies by continent