List of circulating currencies

This list contains the 180 currencies recognized as legal tender in United Nations (UN) member states, UN observer states, partially recognized or unrecognized states, and their dependencies. However excluding the pegged (fixed exchange rate) currencies, there are only 130 currencies (which are independent or pegged to a currency basket). Dependencies and unrecognized states are listed here only if another currency is used in their territory that is different from the one of the state that administers them or has jurisdiction over them.

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Some currencies, such as the Artsakh dram, are not used in day-to-day commerce, but are legal tender.

Criteria for inclusion

A currency is a kind of money and medium of exchange. Currency includes paper, cotton, or polymer banknotes and metal coins. States generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some states share currencies with other states. For the purposes of this list, only currencies that are legal tender, including those used in actual commerce or issued for commemorative purposes, are considered "circulating currencies". This includes fractional units that have no physical form but are recognized by the issuing state, such as the United States mill,[A] the Egyptian millieme,[B] and the Japanese rin.[C] Currencies used by non-state entities, like the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, scrips used by private entities, and other private, virtual, and alternative currencies are not under the purview of this list.

Select the Currency column to sort by the name of the currency, showing where each currency is used together.

List of circulating currencies by state or territory

Yellow background means a given currency is pegged to another currency (details).

State or territory[1] Currency[1][2] Symbol[3][D] ISO code[2] Fractional
unit
Number
to basic
 Abkhazia Abkhazian apsar[E] (none) (none) (none) (none)
Russian ruble RUB Kopek 100
 Afghanistan Afghan afghani ؋ AFN Pul 100
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Albania Albanian lek L ALL Qindarkë 100
 Alderney Alderney pound[E] £ (none) Penny 100
British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
Guernsey pound £ GGP[G] Penny 100
 Algeria Algerian dinar د.ج DZD Santeem 100
 Andorra Euro EUR Cent 100
 Angola Angolan kwanza Kz AOA Cêntimo 100
 Anguilla Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Antigua and Barbuda Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Argentina Argentine peso $ ARS Centavo 100
 Armenia Armenian dram ֏ AMD Luma 100
 Artsakh Artsakh dram[E] դր. (none) Luma 100
Armenian dram ֏ AMD Luma 100
 Aruba Aruban florin ƒ AWG Cent 100
United Kingdom Ascension Island Ascension pound[E] £ (none) Penny 100
Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100
 Australia Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Austria Euro EUR Cent 100
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijani manat AZN Qəpik 100
 Bahamas, The Bahamian dollar $ BSD Cent 100
 Bahrain Bahraini dinar .د.ب BHD Fils 1000
 Bangladesh Bangladeshi taka BDT Poisha 100
 Barbados Barbadian dollar $ BBD Cent 100
 Belarus Belarusian ruble Br BYN Kapyeyka 100
 Belgium Euro EUR Cent 100
 Belize Belize dollar $ BZD Cent 100
 Benin West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Bermuda Bermudian dollar $ BMD Cent 100
 Bhutan Bhutanese ngultrum Nu. BTN Chetrum 100
Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
 Bolivia Bolivian boliviano Bs. BOB Centavo 100
 Bonaire United States dollar[H] $ USD Cent 100
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark KM or КМ[I] BAM Fening 100
 Botswana Botswana pula P BWP Thebe 100
 Brazil Brazilian real R$ BRL Centavo 100
 British Indian Ocean Territory United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Brunei Brunei dollar $ BND Sen 100
Singapore dollar $ SGD Cent 100
 Bulgaria Bulgarian lev лв BGN Stotinka 100
 Burkina Faso West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Burundi Burundian franc Fr BIF Centime 100
 Cambodia Cambodian riel KHR Sen 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Cameroon Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Canada Canadian dollar $ CAD Cent 100
 Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo Esc or $ CVE Centavo 100
 Cayman Islands Cayman Islands dollar $ KYD Cent 100
 Central African Republic Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Chad Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Chile Chilean peso $ CLP Centavo 100
 China Chinese yuan ¥ or 元 CNY Fen[J] 100
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Colombia Colombian peso $ COP Centavo 100
 Comoros Comorian franc Fr KMF Centime 100
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congolese franc Fr CDF Centime 100
 Congo, Republic of the Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Cook Islands Cook Islands dollar $ (none) Cent 100
New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
 Costa Rica Costa Rican colón CRC Céntimo 100
 Côte d'Ivoire West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Croatia Croatian kuna kn HRK Lipa 100
 Cuba Cuban peso $ CUP Centavo 100
Cuban convertible peso $ CUC Centavo 100
 Curaçao Netherlands Antillean guilder ƒ ANG Cent 100
 Cyprus Euro EUR Cent 100
 Czech Republic Czech koruna CZK Haléř 100
 Denmark Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100
 Djibouti Djiboutian franc Fr DJF Centime 100
 Dominica Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Dominican Republic Dominican peso $ DOP Centavo 100
 East Timor United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
(none) (none) (none) Centavo[K][L] (none)
 Ecuador United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
(none) (none) (none) Centavo[K][L] (none)
 Egypt Egyptian pound £ or ج.م EGP Piastre[B] 100
 El Salvador United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Equatorial Guinea Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Eritrea Eritrean nakfa Nfk ERN Cent 100
 Estonia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Eswatini Swazi lilangeni L SZL Cent 100
 Ethiopia Ethiopian birr Br ETB Santim 100
 Falkland Islands Falkland Islands pound £ FKP Penny 100
 Faroe Islands Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100
Faroese króna kr (none) Oyra 100
 Fiji Fijian dollar $ FJD Cent 100
 Finland Euro EUR Cent 100
 France Euro EUR Cent 100
 French Polynesia CFP franc XPF Centime 100
 Gabon Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Gambia, The Gambian dalasi D GMD Butut 100
 Georgia Georgian lari GEL Tetri 100
 Germany Euro EUR Cent 100
 Ghana Ghanaian cedi GHS Pesewa 100
 Gibraltar Gibraltar pound £ GIP Penny 100
 Greece Euro EUR Cent 100
 Grenada Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Guatemala Guatemalan quetzal Q GTQ Centavo 100
 Guernsey Guernsey pound £ GGP[G] Penny 100
British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
 Guinea Guinean franc Fr GNF Centime 100
 Guinea-Bissau West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Guyana Guyanese dollar $ GYD Cent 100
 Haiti Haitian gourde G HTG Centime 100
 Honduras Honduran lempira L HNL Centavo 100
 Hong Kong Hong Kong dollar $ HKD Cent 100
 Hungary Hungarian forint Ft HUF Fillér 100
 Iceland Icelandic króna kr ISK Eyrir 100
 India Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
 Indonesia Indonesian rupiah Rp IDR Sen 100
 Iran Iranian rial IRR Dinar 100
 Iraq Iraqi dinar ع.د IQD Fils 1000
 Ireland Euro EUR Cent 100
 Isle of Man Manx pound £ IMP[G] Penny 100
British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
 Israel Israeli new shekel ILS Agora 100
 Italy Euro EUR Cent 100
 Jamaica Jamaican dollar $ JMD Cent 100
 Japan Japanese yen ¥ JPY Sen[C] 100
 Jersey Jersey pound £ JEP[G] Penny 100
British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
 Jordan Jordanian dinar د.ا JOD Piastre[M] 100
 Kazakhstan Kazakhstani tenge KZT Tïın 100
 Kenya Kenyan shilling Sh KES Cent 100
 Kiribati Kiribati dollar[E] $ KID[G] Cent 100
Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Korea, North North Korean won KPW Chon 100
 Korea, South South Korean won KRW Jeon 100
 Kosovo Euro EUR Cent 100
 Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar د.ك KWD Fils 1000
 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstani som с KGS Tyiyn 100
 Laos Lao kip LAK Att 100
 Latvia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Lebanon Lebanese pound ل.ل LBP Piastre 100
 Lesotho Lesotho loti L LSL Sente 100
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 Liberia Liberian dollar $ LRD Cent 100
 Libya Libyan dinar ل.د LYD Dirham 1000
 Liechtenstein Swiss franc Fr CHF Rappen 100
 Lithuania Euro EUR Cent 100
 Luxembourg Euro EUR Cent 100
 Macau Macanese pataca P MOP Avo 100
 Madagascar Malagasy ariary Ar MGA Iraimbilanja 5
 Malawi Malawian kwacha MK MWK Tambala 100
 Malaysia Malaysian ringgit RM MYR Sen 100
 Maldives Maldivian rufiyaa MVR Laari 100
 Mali West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Malta Euro EUR Cent 100
 Marshall Islands United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Mauritania Mauritanian ouguiya UM MRU Khoums 5
 Mauritius Mauritian rupee MUR Cent 100
 Mexico Mexican peso $ MXN Centavo 100
 Micronesia Micronesian dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Moldova Moldovan leu L MDL Ban 100
 Monaco Euro EUR Cent 100
 Mongolia Mongolian tögrög MNT Möngö 100
 Montenegro Euro EUR Cent 100
 Montserrat Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Morocco Moroccan dirham د.م. MAD Centime 100
 Mozambique Mozambican metical MT MZN Centavo 100
 Myanmar Burmese kyat Ks MMK Pya 100
 Namibia Namibian dollar $ NAD Cent 100
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 Nauru Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
Nauruan dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
   Nepal Nepalese rupee NPR Paisa 100
Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
 Netherlands[H] Euro EUR Cent 100
 New Caledonia CFP franc XPF Centime 100
 New Zealand New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
 Nicaragua Nicaraguan córdoba C$ NIO Centavo 100
 Niger West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Nigeria Nigerian naira NGN Kobo 100
 Niue New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
Niue dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
 North Macedonia Macedonian denar ден MKD Deni 100
 Northern Cyprus Turkish lira TRY Kuruş 100
 Norway Norwegian krone kr NOK Øre 100
 Oman Omani rial ر.ع. OMR Baisa 1000
 Pakistan Pakistani rupee PKR Paisa 100
 Palau Palauan dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Palestine Israeli new shekel ILS Agora 100
Jordanian dinar د.ا JOD Piastre[M] 100
 Panama Panamanian balboa B/. PAB Centésimo 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean kina K PGK Toea 100
 Paraguay Paraguayan guaraní PYG Céntimo 100
 Peru Peruvian sol S/. PEN Céntimo 100
 Philippines Philippine peso PHP Sentimo 100
 Pitcairn Islands New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
Pitcairn Islands dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
 Poland Polish złoty PLN Grosz 100
 Portugal Euro EUR Cent 100
 Qatar Qatari riyal ر.ق QAR Dirham 100
 Romania Romanian leu lei RON Ban 100
 Russia Russian ruble RUB Kopek 100
 Rwanda Rwandan franc Fr RWF Centime 100
 Saba United States dollar[H] $ USD Cent 100
 Sahrawi Republic[N] Algerian dinar د.ج DZD Santeem 100
Mauritanian ouguiya UM MRU Khoums 5
Moroccan dirham د. م. MAD Centime 100
Sahrawi peseta ₧ or Ptas (none) Centime 100
 Saint Helena Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Saint Lucia Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Samoa Samoan tālā T WST Sene 100
 San Marino Euro EUR Cent 100
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe dobra Db STN Cêntimo 100
 Saudi Arabia Saudi riyal ر.س SAR Halala 100
 Senegal West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Serbia Serbian dinar дин. or din. RSD Para 100
 Seychelles Seychellois rupee SCR Cent 100
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean leone Le SLL Cent 100
 Singapore Brunei dollar $ BND Sen 100
Singapore dollar $ SGD Cent 100
 Sint Eustatius United States dollar[H] $ USD Cent 100
 Sint Maarten Netherlands Antillean guilder ƒ ANG Cent 100
 Slovakia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Slovenia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Solomon Islands Solomon Islands dollar $ SBD Cent 100
 Somalia Somali shilling Sh SOS Cent 100
 Somaliland Somaliland shilling Sl SLS[G] Cent 100
 South Africa South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British pound £ GBP Penny 100
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands pound[E] £ (none) Penny 100
 South Ossetia Russian ruble RUB Kopek 100
 Spain Euro EUR Cent 100
 South Sudan South Sudanese pound £ SSP Piastre 100
 Sri Lanka Sri Lankan rupee Rs රු or ரூ LKR Cent 100
 Sudan Sudanese pound ج.س. SDG Piastre 100
 Suriname Surinamese dollar $ SRD Cent 100
 Sweden Swedish krona kr SEK Öre 100
  Switzerland Swiss franc Fr CHF Rappen[O] 100
 Syria Syrian pound £ or ل.س SYP Piastre 100
 Taiwan New Taiwan dollar $ TWD Cent 100
 Tajikistan Tajikistani somoni ЅМ TJS Diram 100
 Tanzania Tanzanian shilling Sh TZS Cent 100
 Thailand Thai baht ฿ THB Satang 100
 Togo West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Tonga Tongan paʻanga[P] T$ TOP Seniti 100
 Transnistria Transnistrian ruble р. PRB[G] Kopek 100
 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago dollar $ TTD Cent 100
 Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100
Tristan da Cunha pound[E] £ (none) Penny 100
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar د.ت TND Millime 1000
 Turkey Turkish lira TRY Kuruş 100
 Turkmenistan Turkmenistan manat m TMT Tennesi 100
 Turks and Caicos Islands United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Tuvalu Tuvaluan dollar $ TVD[G] Cent 100
Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Uganda Ugandan shilling Sh UGX Cent 100
 Ukraine Ukrainian hryvnia UAH Kopiyka 100
Russian ruble[Q][5] RUB Kopek 100
 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates dirham د.إ AED Fils 100
 United Kingdom British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
 United States United States dollar $ USD Cent[A] 100
 Uruguay Uruguayan peso $ UYU Centésimo 100
 Uzbekistan Uzbekistani soʻm so'm or сўм UZS Tiyin 100
 Vanuatu Vanuatu vatu Vt VUV (none) (none)
  Vatican City Euro EUR Cent 100
 Venezuela Venezuelan bolívar soberano Bs.S. or Bs. VES Céntimo 100
 Vietnam Vietnamese đồng VND Hào[R] 10
 Wallis and Futuna CFP franc XPF Centime 100
 Yemen Yemeni rial YER Fils 100
 Zambia Zambian kwacha ZK ZMW Ngwee 100
 Zimbabwe[S] Botswana pula P BWP Thebe 100
British pound[F] £ GBP Penny 100
Chinese yuan ¥ or 元 CNY Fen[J] 100
Euro EUR Cent 100
Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
Japanese yen ¥ JPY Sen[C] 100
South African rand Rs ZAR Cent 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent[A] 100
Zimbabwean bonds $ ZWB[G] Cent[K] 100

Notes

  1. ^ a b c One cent equals ten mills.
  2. ^ a b One piastre equals ten milliemes.
  3. ^ a b c One sen equals ten rin.
  4. ^ Many of these symbols can be found in Unicode block 20A0–20, "Currency Symbols".
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m This currency is not used in day-to-day commerce, but is legal tender. It is minted or printed as commemorative banknotes, coinage, or both.
  6. ^ a b c d e f British banknotes are issued by the Bank of England and by some banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland (incl. Danske Bank). Laws on legal tender vary between various jurisdictions.[4]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i This currency code is not part of the ISO 4217 standard, but is used commercially.
  8. ^ a b c d Although part of the Netherlands, the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba do not use the euro; they use the United States dollar. They are listed separately.
  9. ^ The two signs "KM" and "КМ", although they may look identical depending on font, are in respectively the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, as used in Serbian and Croatian.
  10. ^ a b One jiao equals ten fen.
  11. ^ a b c Only coins are made for this fractional denomination. See the link on the name for details.
  12. ^ a b These coins are pegged to the United States cent.
  13. ^ a b One piastre equals ten fulūs and one dirham equals 10 piastres.
  14. ^ Four currencies circulate in the partially recognized state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which claims the territory of Western Sahara. The Moroccan dirham is used in the Moroccan-administered part of the territory and the Sahrawi peseta is the commemorative currency of the Sahrawi Republic. Additionally, some de facto currencies circulate in the territory: the Algerian dinar is used in Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf and the Mauritanian ouguiya is used in Lagouira, which is under Mauritanian administration.
  15. ^ Rappen is German; in French it is centime; in Italian it is centesimo.
  16. ^ One hundred Tongan paʻanga equal one hau.
  17. ^ Only used in the parts occupied by Russia or pro-Russian separatists
  18. ^ One hào equals ten xu.
  19. ^ Zimbabwe is an unofficial user of nine currencies.[6] See: Zimbabwean dollar.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Field Listing: Exchange Rates". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2015-02-15. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  2. ^ a b "Current currency & funds code list". Swiss Association for Standardization. As of 2016-09-13, this citation said "accessdate=2013-12-06", but the document itself said "Published July 1, 2016".
  3. ^ Antweiler, Werner (2006). "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  4. ^ "Banknotes". Bank of England. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  5. ^ Roman Olearchyk (5 June 2016). "Donetsk faces a creeping Russification". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 August 2016.(subscription required)
  6. ^ Giokos, Eleni (29 February 2016). "This country has nine currencies". CNNMoney.
Circulation (currency)

In monetary economics, circulation is the continuing use of individual units of a currency for transactions. Thus currency in circulation is the total value of currency (coins and paper currency) that has ever been issued minus the amount that has been removed from the economy by the central bank. More broadly, money in circulation is the total money supply of a country, which can be defined in various ways always including currency and also including some types of bank deposits.

Standard money is the basic currency circulating within a monetary system. It has legal recognition for prices and settlement. According to Karl Marx circulation is a process which is established by capital and formed from wealth.The amount of money in circulation varies according to a number of factors. For example, there is more demand at Christmas time when commercial activity is high. Notes and coins stored in warehouses are ordered by banks and sent to them so they may increase supply.Gold coins are the traditional kind of coin placed into circulation. Some coins enter circulation before a die defect in their design is discovered and they are removed. If a coin is in circulation for a short period of time it is more likely to be of interest to coin collectors.

Coin

A coin is a small, flat, (usually, depending on the country or value) round piece of metal or plastic used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender. They are standardized in weight, and produced in large quantities at a mint in order to facilitate trade. They are most often issued by a government.

Coins are usually metal or alloy, or sometimes made of synthetic materials. They are usually disc shaped. Coins made of valuable metal are stored in large quantities as bullion coins. Other coins are used as money in everyday transactions, circulating alongside banknotes. Usually the highest value coin in circulation (i.e. excluding bullion coins) is worth less than the lowest-value note. In the last hundred years, the face value of circulation coins has occasionally been lower than the value of the metal they contain, for example due to inflation. If the difference becomes significant, the issuing authority may decide to withdraw these coins from circulation, possibly issuing new equivalents with a different composition, or the public may decide to melt the coins down or hoard them (see Gresham's law).

Exceptions to the rule of face value being higher than content value also occur for some bullion coins made of copper, silver, or gold (and, rarely, other metals, such as platinum or palladium), intended for collectors or investors in precious metals. Examples of modern gold collector/investor coins include the British sovereign minted by the United Kingdom, the American Gold Eagle minted by the United States, the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf minted by Canada, and the Krugerrand, minted by South Africa. While the Eagle, Maple Leaf, and Sovereign coins have nominal (purely symbolic) face values, the Krugerrand does not.

Historically, a great quantity of coinage metals (including alloys) and other materials (e.g. porcelain) have been used to produce coins for circulation, collection, and metal investment: bullion coins often serve as more convenient stores of assured metal quantity and purity than other bullion.

Currency

A currency (from Middle English: curraunt, "in circulation", from Latin: currens, -entis), in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money (monetary units) in common use, especially for people in a nation. Under this definition, US dollars (US$), pounds sterling (£), Australian dollars (A$), European euros (€), Russian rubles (₽) and Indian Rupees (₹) are examples of currency. These various currencies are recognized as stores of value and are traded between nations in foreign exchange markets, which determine the relative values of the different currencies. Currencies in this sense are defined by governments, and each type has limited boundaries of acceptance.

Other definitions of the term "currency" are discussed in their respective synonymous articles banknote, coin, and money. The latter definition, pertaining to the currency systems of nations, is the topic of this article. Currencies can be classified into two monetary systems: fiat money and commodity money, depending on what guarantees the currency's value (the economy at large vs. the government's physical metal reserves). Some currencies are legal tender in certain political jurisdictions. Others are simply traded for their economic value. Digital currency has arisen with the popularity of computers and the Internet.

Currency symbol

A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.

Although several former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighbouring countries. It finalised its new currency symbol, ₹ (₹) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter 'र' (ra).

Dinar

The dinar is the principal currency unit in several countries and was used historically in several more.

The modern dinar's historical antecedents are the gold dinar, the main coin of the medieval Islamic empires, first issued in AH 77 (696–697 AD) by Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. The word is derived from the silver denarius coin of ancient Rome, first minted about 211 BC.

The English word "dinar" is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which was borrowed via the Syriac dīnarā from the Greek δηνάριον (dēnárion), itself from the Latin dēnārius.A gold coin known as the dīnāra was also introduced to India by the Kushan Empire in the 1st century AD, and adopted by the Gupta Empire and its successors up to the 6th century. The modern gold dinar is a projected bullion gold coin, so far not issued as official currency by any state.

Dollar

Dollar (often represented by the dollar sign $) is the name of more than 20 currencies, including those of Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Liberia, Namibia, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, and the United States. The U.S. dollar is also the official currency of the Caribbean Netherlands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Palau, and Zimbabwe. One dollar is generally divided into 100 cents.

ISO 4217

ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables:

Table A.1 – Current currency & funds code list

Table A.2 – Current funds codes

Table A.3 – List of codes for historic denominations of currencies & fundsThe tables, history and ongoing discussion are maintained by SIX Interbank Clearing on behalf of ISO and the Swiss Association for Standardization.The ISO 4217 code list is used in banking and business globally. In many countries the ISO codes for the more common currencies are so well known publicly that exchange rates published in newspapers or posted in banks use only these to delineate the currencies, instead of translated currency names or ambiguous currency symbols. ISO 4217 codes are used on airline tickets and international train tickets to remove any ambiguity about the price.

List of circulating fixed exchange rate currencies

This is a list of circulating or proposed fixed exchange rate currencies, with corresponding reference currencies and exchange rates.

The yellow background means a given currency is only a proposed currency.

List of currencies

A list of all currencies, current and historic. The local name of the currency is used in this list, with the adjectival form of the country or region.

List of currencies in Asia

This is the list of currencies presently in circulation in Asia. The Kuwaiti dinar, the official currency of Kuwait, is the world's most valued currency. Before its introduction in 1960, the Indian rupee was circulated in Kuwait.

List of currencies in Europe

There are 25 currencies currently used in the 50 countries of Europe, all of which are members of the United Nations, except Vatican City, which is an observer. All de facto present currencies in Europe, and an incomplete list of the preceding currency, are listed here.

A currency is a medium of exchange, such as money, banknotes, and coins. In Europe, the most commonly used currency is the euro (used by 25 countries); any country entering the European Union (EU) is expected to join the eurozone when they meet the five convergence criteria. Denmark is the only EU member which has been granted an exemption from using the euro. Sweden has also not adopted the Euro, although unlike Denmark, it has not formally opted out; instead, it fails to meet the ERM II (Exchange Rate Mechanism) which results in the non-use of the Euro. For countries which hope to join the eurozone, there are five guidelines that need to be followed, grouped in the Maastricht criteria.The pound sterling, used by the United Kingdom, is rated at fourth on Investopedia's list of the top 8 most tradable currencies, saying that it is a "little bit more volatile than the euro". It was ranked just ahead of the Swiss franc, ranked fifth, which is used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein, saying that the set up of the Swiss banking "emphasizes the economic and financial stability policies dictated by the governing board of the SNB". Both are in the top 8 major currencies on Bloomberg. Several countries use currencies which translate as "crown": the Czech koruna, the Norwegian krone, the Danish krone, the Icelandic króna, and the Swedish krona.At present, the euro is legal tender in 19 out of 28 European Union member states, in addition to 5 countries not part of the EU (Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Andorra and Montenegro). Kosovo also uses the euro, but is only partially recognised as an independent state.

List of currencies in the Americas

There are 39 currencies currently in official use in the Americas. All de jure present currencies in the Americas are listed here, including currencies from countries which are not sovereign states or dependencies.

A commonly used currency in the Americas is the United States dollar. It is the world's largest reserve currency, the resulting economic value of which benefits the U.S. at over $100 billion annually. However, its position as a reserve currency damages American exporters because this increases the value of the United States dollar. The United States dollar is also "standard" in international commodity markets. In the phenomenon known as 'dollarization', the U.S. dollar has been adopted as the official currency of several other countries. However, semi-dollarization also exists in a few other countries where the U.S. dollar is recognised as legal tender alongside another currency, and unofficial dollarization exists in many areas where the U.S. dollar is widely used and accepted-although it is not recognised as legal tender. Ecuador uses the United States dollar (the French overseas department French Guiana uses the euro, the currency of France).

The Brazilian real is considered a strong South American currency; under presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff, the real almost tripled in value, resulting in a vast change in economics, with many people who were middle class benefiting greatly. The minimum wage was raised, and Brazil's position as a leading exporter of raw materials, including soya beans and iron ore was underlined, but they are responsible for Brazil's improved economy, which damaged the "competitiveness of manufacturing", reducing the amount of exports.The Chilean currency, the Chilean peso, is also strong. However, this again means that manufacturing struggles, as cheaper imports are pricing them out of business. In January 2011, after Chile announced that in 2011 the country planned to buy foreign reserves of $12 billion, the peso experienced an immediate fall in value. The country's main export is copper to China and India. The currency strength has resulted in over-high wages, and high inflation.The East Caribbean dollar is the most used currency by the number of countries in the Caribbean utilizing it. The East Caribbean dollar is pegged to the United States dollar, and has been for over 35 years since 1976, having previously been pegged to the pound sterling. In 1965, the East Caribbean Currency Authority was established (coming after the British Caribbean Currency Board), to distribute currency, but The Bahamas withdrew from the organisation to create its own bank. The East Caribbean dollar is used in all seven member countries of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and Anguilla (a British overseas territory); the only OECS member using a different currency is the British Virgin Islands, a British overseas territory where the U.S. dollar is the official currency. Cuba and Panama both use two currencies. Cuba is attempting to gradually phase out the Cuban convertible peso, unifying the two in the Cuban peso. Although there is no confirmed timescale for the reform, whilst quoting Cuban economists, Reuters gave an estimation of 18 months (from October 2013). Panama uses the United States dollar informally, but additionally uses the Panamanian balboa as legal tender.

World currency

In the foreign exchange market and international finance, a world currency, supranational currency, or global currency is a currency that is transacted internationally, with no set borders.

Circulating
Historic
Uncirculated
Lists of currencies by continent

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