List of books by or about Adolf Hitler

This list of books by or about Adolf Hitler is an English only non-fiction bibliography. There are thousands of books written about Hitler; therefore, this is not an all inclusive list. The list has been segregated into groups to make the list more manageable.

Erstausgabe von Mein Kampf
Mein Kampf, Hitler's first book

Written by Hitler

  • Hitler, A. (1925). Mein Kampf.
  • Hitler, A. (1924). Der Hitler-Prozeß vor dem Volksgericht in München [The Hitler Trial Before the People's Court in Munich]. OCLC 638670803.
  • Hitler, A. (1935). Zweites Buch (trans.) Hitler's Second Book: The Unpublished Sequel to Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler. (Enigma Books: New York, 2006. ISBN 978-1-929631-61-2)
  • Hitler, A. (1941). My New Order. Reynal & Hitchcock. ISBN 9780374939182
  • Hitler, A. (1945). My Political Testament. Wikisource Version
  • Hitler, A. (1945). My Private Will and Testament. Wikisource Version
  • Hitler, A., et al. (1971). Unmasked: Two Confidential Interviews with Hitler in 1931. Chatto & Windus. ISBN 0-7011-1642-0
  • Hitler, A., et al. (1974). Hitler's Letters and Notes. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-012832-1
  • Hitler, A., et al. (2000). Hitler's Table Talk. Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-66-7

Hitler's speeches

  • Baynes, N. (1942). The Speeches of Adolf Hitler, April 1922 – August 1939 V1. London, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-598-75893-3
  • Baynes, N. (1942). The Speeches of Adolf Hitler, April 1922 – August 1939 V2. London, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-598-75894-1
  • Domarus, M. (1990). Hitler: Speeches and Proclamations 1932 – 1934 V1. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-86516-227-1
  • Domarus, M. (1992). Hitler: Speeches and Proclamations 1935 – 1938 V2. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-86516-229-8
  • Domarus, M. (1996). Hitler: Speeches and Proclamations 1939 – 1940 V3. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-86516-230-1
  • Domarus, M. (2004). Hitler: Speeches and Proclamations 1941 – 1945 V4. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-86516-231-X
  • Miguel, M. (2004). Hitler: Speeches and Proclamations 1941 – 1945 V4. Miguel Melo Phipps Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-86516-231-X
  • Domarus, M., Romane, P., ed. (2007). The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary. ISBN 0-86516-665-X
  • Domarus, M. (2007). The Complete Hitler: A Digital Desktop Reference to His Speeches & Proclamations 1932–1945. ISBN 0-86516-658-7
  • Hitler, Adolf (1973) [1941]. Roussy de Sales, Raoul de (ed.). My New Order. New York: Octagon Books. ISBN 0-374-93918-7.

Biographies of Hitler

  • Bullock, Alan (1952). Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. Bantam Books. ISBN 1-56852-036-0
  • Cross, C. (1973). Adolf Hitler. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-10911-4
  • Davidson, E. (1977). The Making of Adolf Hitler. Macmillan Pub. Co. ISBN 0-8262-1117-8
  • Davidson, E. (1996). Unmaking of Adolf Hitler. Univ. of Missouri Pr. ISBN 0-8262-1045-7
  • Dufner, A. (2003). Rise of Adolf Hitler. Greenhaven Pr. ISBN 0-7377-1518-9
  • Eberle, Henrik & Uhl, Matthias. (2005). The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin from the Interrogations of Hitler's Personal Aides. New York: Public Affairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-366-1
  • Fest, J. (2002) [1974]. Hitler. Harvest Books. ISBN 0-15-602754-2
  • Fuchs, T. (2000). A Concise Biography of Adolf Hitler. Berkley. ISBN 0-425-17340-2
  • Gerber, A. (1961). The life of Adolf Hitler, 1889–1945. Mercury Books. ASIN B0007EAR98
  • Giblin, J. (2002). The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler. Clarion Books. ISBN 0-395-90371-8
  • Hanfstaengl, E. (1994). Hitler: The Missing Years. Arcade Publishing. ISBN 1-55970-272-9
  • Gogerly, L. (2003). Adolf Hitler. Heinemann/Raintree. ISBN 0-7398-5256-6
  • Hant, Claus (2010). Young Hitler. London: Quartet Books. ISBN 978-0-7043-7182-8.
  • Heiber, H. (1972). Adolf Hitler: A Short Biography. Berg Pub Ltd. ISBN 0-85496-123-2
  • Heiden, K. (1936). Hitler: A Biography. A.A. Knopf.
  • Heyes, E. (1994). Adolf Hitler. Millbrook Pr. ISBN 1-56294-343-X
  • Housden, K. (2000). Hitler: Biography of a Revolutionary. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-16358-7
  • Kershaw, I. (1999). Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-04671-7.
  • Kershaw, I. (2000). Hitler, 1936–1945: Nemesis. New York; London: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-04994-7.
  • Kershaw, I. (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
  • Kubizek, A. (1976). The Young Hitler I Knew. Greenwood. ISBN 0-8371-8664-1.
  • Machtan, L. (2001). The Hidden Hitler. Basic Book. ISBN 0-465-04308-9
  • Marrin, A . (1987). Hitler. Penguin Books ISBN 0-670-81546-2
  • Maser, W. (1973). Hitler: legend, myth & reality. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-012831-3
  • Nicholls, D. (2000). Adolf Hitler: A Biographical Companion. ABC-Clio Inc. ISBN 0-87436-965-7
  • Payne, R. (1973). The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler. Cape. ISBN 0-224-00927-3
  • Price, B. (1984). Adolf Hitler: The Unknown Artist. Stephen Cook. ISBN 0-9612894-0-6
  • Rosenbaum, R. (1999). Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-095339-X
  • Rubenstein, J. (1982). Adolf Hitler. Franklin Watts. ISBN 0-531-04477-7
  • Shirer, W. (1961). The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler. Scholastic. ISBN 0-394-86270-8
  • Smith, B. (1967). Adolf Hitler: His Family, Childhood, and Youth. Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-1622-9
  • Smith, Gene (1973). The Horns of the Moon: A short biography of Adolf Hitler. New York City: Charterhouse. ISBN 0-88327-036-6
  • Stalcup, B. (2000). Adolf Hitler. Greenhaven Pr. ISBN 0-7377-0222-2
  • Stern, J. P. (1992) [1975]. Hitler: The Führer and the People. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1992. ISBN 0-520-02952-6
  • Tames, R. (1998). Adolf Hitler: An Unauthorized Biography. Heinemann Library. ISBN 1-57572-689-0
  • Toland, J. (1976). Adolf Hitler. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-03724-4
  • Waite, R. (1993). The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80514-6
  • Wepman, D. (1989). Adolf Hitler. Chelsea House Pub. ISBN 0-7910-0575-5
  • Williams, J. (2005). Corporal Hitler and the Great War 1914–1918: The List Regiment. Frank Cass. ISBN 0-415-35855-8
  • Wilson, A. N. (2012). Hitler: A Short Biography. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-03128-3
  • Volker, U. (2016). Hitler: Volume I: Ascent (1889–1939). The Bodley Head Ltd. ISBN 1847922856

Illustrations of Hitler

  • Bildendienst, Z. (1979). Adolf Hitler: Pictures of the Life of the Fuehrer. Northstar Commemoratives. ISBN 0-910667-04-7
  • Blundell, N. (1995). Pictorial History of Adolf Hitler. World Pubns. ISBN 1-57215-137-4
  • Kelly, M. (1990). Adolf Hitler. Olympic Marketing Corp. ISBN 0-908240-88-0
  • Lorant, S. (1979). Sieg Heil: An illustrated history of Germany from Bismarck to Hitler. Bonanza Books. ISBN 0-517-27787-5

Medical studies of Hitler

  • Doyle, D. (2005). Adolf Hitler's Medical Care (PDF). Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. 35. pp. 75–82.
  • Eberle, Henrik & Neumann, Hans-Joachim (2012). Was Hitler ILL?: A Final Diagnosis. Polity. ISBN 0-7456-5222-0
  • Heston, L. (1980). The Medical Casebook of Adolf Hitler: His Illnesses, Doctors, and Drugs. Stein & Day Pub. ISBN 0-8128-2718-X
  • Heston, Leonard L.; Heston, Renate (1999). Adolf Hitler: A Medical Descent That Changed History: His Drug Abuse, Doctors, Illnesses. Portland, Ore: Baypoint Press. ISBN 0-9665852-9-1.
  • Heston, L. (2000). The Medical Casebook of Adolf Hitler. Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0-8154-1066-2
  • Langer, Walter C. (1972). The Mind of Adolf Hitler: The Secret Wartime Report. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-04620-7.
  • Lewis, D. (2004). The Man Who Invented Hitler: The Making of the Fuhrer (sic). Headline Book Publishing. ISBN 0-7553-1149-3
  • Murray, Henry A. (1943). Analysis of the Personality of Adolph Hitler: With Predictions of His Future Behavior and Suggestions for Dealing with Him Now and After Germany's Surrender. Online at Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection, Cornell University Law Library.
  • Rudolph, Christin-Désirée (2016). Das Leck der Hitler-Thesen: Eine Psychopathographie. Rheine: Rudolph. ISBN 978-3-00-053332-7.
  • Schwaab, Edleff H. (1992). Hitler's Mind: A Plunge into Madness. New York: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-94132-9.
  • Victor, G. (1999). Hitler: The Pathology of Evil. Potomac Books. ISBN 1-57488-228-7
  • Zalampas, Sherree O. (1990). Adolf Hitler: A Psychological Interpretation of His Views on Architecture, Art, and Music. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University Popular Press. ISBN 0-87972-488-9.

Hitler's diet

  • Berry, R. (2004). Hitler: Neither Vegetarian Nor Animal Lover. Pythagorean Books. ISBN 0-9626169-6-6
  • Ferguson, R. (2001). Hitler Was A Vegetarian. Famedram Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-905489-71-3
  • Wilson, B. (1996). "Mein Diat; Adolf Hitler's diet" [sic] New Statesman, volume 127 issue 4406 page 40. Archived January 30, 2005, at the Wayback Machine

Directly related to Hitler

  • Anderson, K. (1995). Hitler and the Occult. Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-973-9
  • Arthur, M. (1999). Adolf Hitler: A Chilling Tale of Propaganda. Trident Pr. Intl. ISBN 1-58279-031-0
  • Boldt, G. Hitler's Last Days: An Eye-Witness Account. ISBN 1-84415-361-4. Translated by Sandra Bance.
  • Bracher, Karl D. The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970. ASIN: B001QKCJKW
  • Bullock, A. (1991). Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-679-72994-1
  • Cornish, Kimberley (1998). The Jew of Linz: Wittgenstein, Hitler, and Their Secret Battle for the Mind. London: Century. ISBN 0-7126-7935-9.
  • Corvaja, Santi (2001). Hitler and Mussolini: The Secret Meetings. Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-42-1
  • Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste (2004). France and the Nazi Threat: The Collapse of French Diplomacy, 1932–1939. Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-15-5
  • Evans, Richard J. (1989). In Hitler's Shadow : West German Historians and the Attempt to Escape from the Nazi Past. New York: Pantheon. ISBN 978-0-394-57686-2.
  • Evans, Richard J. (2001). Lying About Hitler: History, Holocaust, and the David Irving Trial. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-02152-2
  • Haffner, S. (1983). The Meaning of Hitler. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-55775-1
  • Heiber, Helmut; Glantz, David M., eds. (2002). Hitler and His Generals: Military Conferences 1942–1945: the First Complete Stenographic Record of the Military Situation Conferences, from Stalingrad to Berlin. London: Greenhill. ISBN 978-1-85367-524-9.
  • Heiden, K. (1944). Der Fuehrer: Hitler's Rise to Power. Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-5665-0
  • Hamann, B. (2000). Hitler's Vienna. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514053-2
  • Dupuy, T. (1969). Military Life of Adolf Hitler, Führer of Germany. F. Watts. ISBN 0-531-01873-3
  • Jäckel, E. (2000). Hitler's World View: A Blueprint for Power. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-674-40425-4
  • Joachimsthaler, A. (1999) [1995]. The Last Days of Hitler: Legend, Evidence and Truth. Brockhampton Press. ISBN 1-86019-902-X
  • Kershaw, Ian. (1987) The 'Hitler Myth': Image and Reality in the Third Reich. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-282234-9
  • Knopp, G. (1998). Hitler's Henchmen. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3781-5
  • Knopp, G. (2001). Hitler's Holocaust. Sutton Pubns. Inc. ISBN 0-7509-2700-3
  • Knopp, G. (2003). Hitler's Women. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94730-8
  • Lively, S. et al. (1995). The Pink Swastika. Online Version Veritas Aeterna Press. ISBN 0-9647609-7-5
  • Lukacs, J. (1998). The Hitler of History. Vintage. ISBN 0-375-70113-3
  • Lee, S. (1998). Hitler and Nazi Germany. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-17988-2
  • Ludecke, K. (2011). I Knew Hitler. Archive Media Publishing. ISBN 1-908-53800-7
  • McDonough, F. (2003). Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party. Longman. ISBN 0-582-50606-9
  • Moorhouse, R. (2006). Killing Hitler. Cape. ISBN 0-224-07121-1
  • Petrova, A. (1995). The Death of Hitler: The Full Story With New Evidence from Secret Russian Archives. W. W. Norton & Co Inc. ISBN 0-393-03914-5
  • Rees, Laurence (2012). The Dark Charisma of Adolf Hitler: Leading Millions into the Abyss. Ebury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-09-191765-4
  • Rich, N. (1992). Hitler's War Aims: Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-00802-9
  • Roberts, S. (1938). The House That Hitler Built. Harper & Brothers.
  • Rosenfeld, Alvin. (1965) Imagining Hitler Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-13960-0
  • Sayer, I. (2004). The Women Who Knew Hitler: The Private Life of Adolf Hitler. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1402-6
  • Snyder, L. (1961). Hitler and Nazism. Franklin Watts Inc. ISBN 1-121-67474-7
  • Spielvogel, J. (2004). Hitler and Nazi Germany : A History. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-189877-9
  • Spotts, F. (2004). Hitler and the Power of Aesthetics. Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-345-5
  • Stackelberg, R. (1999). Hitler's Germany. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-20114-4
  • Stratigakos, Despina. (2015). Hitler at Home. Yale University Press – analyzing his homes in Berlin, Munich, and Obersalzberg
  • Strawson, John (2003) [1971]. Hitler as Military Commander. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 0850529565.
  • Trevor-Roper, H. (1992) [1947]. The Last Days of Hitler. University Of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-81224-3
  • Turner, Henry Ashby (1996). Hitler's Thirty Days to Power. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 9780201407143.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard L. (2010). Hitler's Foreign Policy, 1933–1939—The Road to World War II. Enigma Books. 978-1-929631-91-9
  • Welch, D. (2001). Hitler: Profile of a Dictator. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-25075-7
  • Wiskemann, E. (1949). The Rome-Berlin Axis: A History of the Relations between Hitler and Mussolini. Oxford University Press.
  • Wistrich, R. (2003). Hitler and the Holocaust. Modern Library. ISBN 0-8129-6863-8.
  • Zitelmann, R. (2000) Hitler: The Politics of Seduction, London House 2000, ISBN 1-902809-03-3.

Indirectly related to Hitler


  • Aigner, Dietrich "Hitler's Ultimate Aims – A Programme of World Dominion?" pages 251–266 from Aspects of the Third Reich edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, 1985.
  • Bankier, David "Hitler and the Policy-Making Process on the Jewish Question" pages 1–20 from Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Volume 3, 1988.
  • Bloch, Eduard "My Patient, Hitler" pages 35–37 from Collier's, March 15, 1941.
  • Bloch, Eduard "My Patient, Hitler" pages 69–73 from Collier's, March 22, 1941.
  • Binion, Rudolph "Hitler's Concept of "Lebensraum": the Psychological Basis" pages 187–215 from History of Childhood Quarterly, Volume 1, 1973.
  • Binion, R. "Foam on the Hitler Wave" pages 552–558 from Journal of Modern History, Volume 46, 1974.
  • Bracher, K.D. "The Role of Hitler: Perspectives of Interpretation" pages 193–212 from Fascism: A Reader's Guide, edited by Walter Laqueur, Harmondsworth, 1979.
  • Broszat, M. "Hitler and the Genesis of the 'Final Solution': An Assessment of David Irving's Theses" pages 73–125 from Yad Vashem Studies, Volume 13,1979; reprinted pages 390–429 in Aspects of the Third Reich edited by H.W. Koch, London: Macmillan, 1985, ISBN 0-333-35272-6.
  • Bullock, A. "Hitler and the Origins of the Second World War" pages 221–246 from European Diplomacy Between Two Wars, 1919–1939, edited by Hans Gatzke, Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1972.
  • Carr, William "The Hitler Image in the Last Half-Century" pages 462–488 from Aspects of the Third Reich, edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, 1985.
  • Erikson, Erik "The Legend of Hitler's Youth" pages 370–396 from Political Man and Social Man edited by Robert Paul Wolff, New York, 1966.
  • Fest, J. "On Remembering Adolf Hitler" pages 19–34 from Encounter, Volume 41, October 1973.
  • Hale, Oron James "Adolf Hitler: Taxpayer" pages 830–842 from American Historical Review, Volume 60, 1955.
  • Hauner, Milan "Did Hitler Want World Domination?" pages 15–32 from Journal of Contemporary History. Volume 13, 1978.
  • Hildebrand, K. "Hitler's War Aims" pages 522–530 from The Journal of Modern History, Volume 48, Issue # 3 September 1976.
  • Hillgruber, A. "Hitler's Program" pages 49–55 from Germany and the Two World Wars. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.
  • Hillgruber, A. "England's Place in Hitler's Plans for World Dominion" pages 5–22 from Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 9, 1974.
  • Hoffmann, Peter "Hitler's Personal Security" pages 151–171 from Police Forces In History, edited by George Mosse, Beverly Hills, 1975.
  • Hoffmann, P. "Maurice Bavaud's Attempt to Assassinate Hitler in 1938" pages 173–204 from Police Forces In History edited by G. Mosse, Beverly Hills, 1975.
  • Kater, M. "Hitler in a Social Context" pages 243–272 from Central European History, Volume 14, 1981.
  • Kettenacker, Lothar "Social and Psychological Aspects of the Führer's Rule" pages 96–132 from Aspects of the Third Reich, edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, 1985.
  • Koch, H.W. "Hitler and the Origins of the Second World War Second Thoughts on the Status of Some of the Documents" pages 125–143 from The Historical Journal, Volume 11, No. 1 1968.
  • Koch, H.W. "Hitler's Programme and the Genesis of Operation 'Barbarossa'" pages 285–324 from Aspects of the Third Reich, edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, 1985.
  • Michaelis, Meier "World Power Status or World Dominion? A Survey of the Literature on Hitler's 'Plan of World Dominion' (1937–1970)" pages 331–360 from Historical Journal. Volume 15, 1972.
  • Mommsen, H. "Hitler's Position in the Nazi System" pages 163–188 from From Weimar to Auschwitz. Oxford, 1991.
  • Mommsen, H. "Reflections on the Position of Hitler and Göring in the Third Reich" pages 86–97 from Reevaluating the Third Reich edited by Jane Caplan and Thomas Childers, New York, 1993.
  • Preston, Paul "Franco and Hitler: The Myth of Hendaye 1940" pages 1–16 from Contemporary European History, Volume 1, 1992.
  • Robertson, E.M. "Hitler's Planning for War and the Response of the Great Powers" pages 196–234 from Aspects of the Third Reich, edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, 1985.
  • Trevor-Roper, H. "Hitlers Kriegsziele" pages 121–133 from Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitsgeschichte, Volume 8, 1960, translated into English as "Hitler's War Aims" pages 235–250 from Aspects of The Third Reich edited by H.W. Koch, London: Macmillan Ltd, 1985.
  • Watt, D.C. "Hitler's Visit to Rome and the May Weekend Crisis: A Study In Hitler's Response to External Stimuli" pages 23–32 from Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 9, 1974.
  • Weinberg, G. "Adolf Hitler" pages 5–38 from Visions of Victory The Hopes of Eight World War II Leaders, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Weinberg, G. "Hitler's Private Testament of May 2, 1938" pages 415–419 from Journal of Modern History, Volume 27, 1955.
  • Weinberg, G. "Hitler's Image of the United States" pages 1006–1021 from American Historical Review, Volume 69, Issue #4, July 1964.
  • Weinberg, G. "Hitler and England: Pretense and Reality" pages 299–309 from German Studies Review, Volume 8, 1985.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard; Topitsch, Ernst; Taylor, A.; Taylor, B. (June 1989). "Review of Stalin's War: A Radical New Theory of the Origins of the Second World War by Ernst Topitsch". The American Historical Review. 94 (3): 800–801. doi:10.2307/1873876. OCLC 486363416.
  • Weinberg, G. "The World Through Hitler's Eyes" pages 30–56 from Germany, Hitler and World War II Essays in Modern German and World History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

See also

External links

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

Hitler was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I. In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party (DAP), the precursor of the NSDAP, and was appointed leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, he attempted to seize power in a failed coup in Munich and was imprisoned. In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle"). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, anti-semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. He frequently denounced international capitalism and communism as part of a Jewish conspiracy.

By July 1932 the Nazi Party was the largest elected party in the German Reichstag, but did not have a majority, and no party was able to form a majority parliamentary coalition in support of a candidate for chancellor. Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January 1933. Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933, which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism. Hitler aimed to eliminate Jews from Germany and establish a New Order to counter what he saw as the injustice of the post-World War I international order dominated by Britain and France. His first six years in power resulted in rapid economic recovery from the Great Depression, the abrogation of restrictions imposed on Germany after World War I, and the annexation of territories inhabited by millions of ethnic Germans, which gave him significant popular support.

Hitler sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people in Eastern Europe, and his aggressive foreign policy is considered the primary cause of World War II in Europe. He directed large-scale rearmament and, on 1 September 1939, invaded Poland, resulting in Britain and France declaring war on Germany. In June 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union. By the end of 1941, German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa. In December 1941, shortly after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour, Hitler declared war on the United States, bringing it directly into the conflict. Failure to defeat the Soviets and the entry of the United States into the war forced Germany onto the defensive and it suffered a series of escalating defeats. In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, he married his longtime lover Eva Braun. Less than two days later, on 30 April 1945, the two committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army; their corpses were burned.

Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other victims who he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable. Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war. In addition, 28.7 million soldiers and civilians died as a result of military action in the European theatre. The number of civilians killed during World War II was unprecedented in warfare, and the casualties constitute the deadliest conflict in history.

Berlin Diary

Berlin Diary ("The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent 1934–1941") is a first-hand account of the rise of Nazi Germany and its road to war, as witnessed by the American journalist William L. Shirer. Shirer, a radio reporter for CBS, covered Germany for several years until the Nazi press censors made it impossible for him to report objectively to his listeners in the United States; feeling increasingly uncomfortable, he left the country. The identities of many of Shirer's German sources were disguised to protect these people from retaliation by the German secret police, the Gestapo. The contents of this book provided much of the material for his landmark book The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.

The book, published on June 20, 1941, almost six months before Germany declared war on the United States, was "the first attempt by a big-name American journalist to shed light on what was really happening in Nazi Germany." It sold almost 600,000 copies in the first year of its publication. Simultaneously published in Canada by Ryerson Press when that country was already at war with Germany, the book was widely praised by academics and critics at the time of its publication.In 1947, End of a Berlin Diary continued and finished the story of the Third Reich, from July 20, 1944, to the Nuremberg Trials.

Ernst Hanfstaengl

Ernst Franz Sedgwick Hanfstaengl ([ɛʁnst hanf.ˈʃtɛŋl]; 2 February 1887 – 6 November 1975) was a German-American businessman and intimate friend of Adolf Hitler. He eventually fell out of favour with Hitler, however, and defected from Nazi Germany to the United States. He later worked for Franklin D. Roosevelt and was once engaged to the author Djuna Barnes.

Gerhard Weinberg

Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg (born 1 January 1928) is a German-born American diplomatic and military historian noted for his studies in the history of World War II. Weinberg is the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has been a member of the history faculty at UNC-Chapel Hill since 1974. Previously he served on the faculties of the University of Michigan (1959–1974) and the University of Kentucky (1957–1959).

Historiography of Adolf Hitler

The Historiography of Adolf Hitler deals with the academic studies of Adolf Hitler from the 1930s to the present. In 1998, a German editor said there were 120,000 studies of Hitler and Nazi Germany. Since then a large number more have appeared, with many of them decisively shaping the historiography regarding Hitler.

Hugh Trevor-Roper

Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, (15 January 1914 – 26 January 2003), was a British historian of early modern Britain and Nazi Germany. He was Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford.

Trevor-Roper was a polemicist and essayist on a range of historical topics, but particularly England in the 16th and 17th centuries and Nazi Germany. In the view of John Kenyon, "some of [Trevor-Roper's] short essays have affected the way we think about the past more than other men's books". This is echoed by Richard Davenport-Hines and Adam Sisman in the introduction to One Hundred Letters from Hugh Trevor-Roper (2014): "The bulk of his publications is formidable... Some of his essays are of Victorian length. All of them reduce large subjects to their essence. Many of them [...] have lastingly transformed their fields." On the other hand, his biographer Adam Sisman also writes that "the mark of a great historian is that he writes great books, on the subject which he has made his own. By this exacting standard Hugh failed."Trevor-Roper's most widely read and financially rewarding book was titled The Last Days of Hitler (1947). It emerged from his assignment as a British intelligence officer in 1945 to discover what happened in the last days of Hitler's bunker. From his interviews with a range of witnesses and study of surviving documents he demonstrated that Hitler was dead and had not escaped from Berlin. He also showed that Hitler's dictatorship was not an efficient unified machine but a hodge-podge of overlapping rivalries.

Trevor-Roper's reputation was "severely damaged" in 1983 when he authenticated the Hitler Diaries shortly before they were shown to be forgeries.

John Lukacs

John Adalbert Lukacs (; Hungarian: Lukács János Albert; 31 January 1924 – 6 May 2019) was a Hungarian-born American historian who wrote more than thirty books, including Five Days in London, May 1940 and A New Republic. He was a professor of history at Chestnut Hill College in Philadelphia from 1947 to 1994 and chaired that department from 1947 to 1974. He served as a visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, Princeton University, La Salle University, Regent College in British Columbia and the University of Budapest and Hanover College. Lukacs was Roman Catholic. Lukacs described himself as a reactionary.

John Toland (historian)

John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 – January 4, 2004) was an American writer and historian. He is best known for a biography of Adolf Hitler and a Pulitzer Prize-winning history of World War II-era Japan, The Rising Sun.

List of Adolf Hitler's personal staff

Adolf Hitler, as Führer and Reich Chancellor and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Nazi Germany, employed a personal staff, which represented different branches and offices throughout his political career. He maintained a group of aides-de-camp and adjutants, including Martin Bormann's younger brother Albert in the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), Friedrich Hoßbach of the Wehrmacht, who was sacked for unfavourable conduct, and Fritz Darges of the Schutzstaffel (SS), who was also dismissed for inappropriate behaviour. Originally an SS adjutant, Otto Günsche was posted on the Eastern Front from August 1943 to February 1944, and in France until March 1944, until he was appointed as one of Hitler's personal adjutants.

Others included valets Hans Hermann Junge, Karl Wilhelm Krause, and his longest serving valet, Heinz Linge. They accompanied him on his travels and were in charge of Hitler's daily routine; including awaking him, providing newspapers and messages, determining the daily menu/meals and wardrobe. He employed four chauffeurs over the years, including the part-Jewish Emil Maurice, and founding member of the Sturmabteilung (SA), Julius Schreck. Women in his employ included secretaries Christa Schroeder, his chief and longest serving one Johanna Wolf, and his youngest, Traudl Junge. Hitler disliked change in personnel and liked to have people around him that he was used to and who knew his habits. Hitler's personal staff members were in daily contact with him and many were present during his final days in the Führerbunker at the end of World War II in Europe.

Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for Germany between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party (NSDAP) controlled the country through a dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state that controlled nearly all aspects of life via the Gleichschaltung legal process. The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich (German Reich) until 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) from 1943 to 1945. Nazi Germany is also known as the Third Reich (Drittes Reich), meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire", the first two being the Holy Roman Empire (800–1806) and the German Empire (1871–1918). The Nazi regime ended after the Allies defeated Germany in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe.

Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the President of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg, on 30 January 1933. The NSDAP then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hindenburg died on 2 August 1934 and Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the offices and powers of the Chancellery and Presidency. A national referendum held 19 August 1934 confirmed Hitler as sole Führer (leader) of Germany. All power was centralised in Hitler's person and his word became the highest law. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour. In the midst of the Great Depression, the Nazis restored economic stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending and a mixed economy. Extensive public works were undertaken, including the construction of Autobahnen (motorways). The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity.

Racism, especially antisemitism, was a central feature of the regime. The Germanic peoples were considered by the Nazis to be the master race, the purest branch of the Aryan race. Discrimination and persecution against Jews and Romani people began in earnest after the seizure of power. The first concentration camps were established in March 1933. Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned, and liberals, socialists, and communists were killed, imprisoned, or exiled. Christian churches and citizens that opposed Hitler's rule were oppressed, and many leaders imprisoned. Education focused on racial biology, population policy, and fitness for military service. Career and educational opportunities for women were curtailed. Recreation and tourism were organised via the Strength Through Joy program, and the 1936 Summer Olympics showcased Germany on the international stage. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others.

The Nazi regime dominated neighbours through military threats in the years leading up to war. Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if these were not met. It seized Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938 and 1939. Germany signed a non-aggression pact with the USSR, and invaded Poland on 1 September 1939, launching World War II in Europe. By early 1941, Germany controlled much of Europe. Reichskommissariats took control of conquered areas and a German administration was established in the remainder of Poland. Germany exploited the raw materials and labour of both its occupied territories and its allies. In the Holocaust, millions of Jews and other peoples deemed undesirable by the state were imprisoned, murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps, or shot.

While the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 was initially successful, the Soviet resurgence and entry of the US into the war meant the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) lost the initiative on the Eastern Front in 1943 and by late 1944 had been pushed back to the pre-1939 border. Large-scale aerial bombing of Germany escalated in 1944 and the Axis powers were driven back in Eastern and Southern Europe. After the Allied invasion of France, Germany was conquered by the Soviet Union from the east and the other Allies from the west, and capitulated in May 1945. Hitler's refusal to admit defeat led to massive destruction of German infrastructure and additional war-related deaths in the closing months of the war. The victorious Allies initiated a policy of denazification and put many of the surviving Nazi leadership on trial for war crimes at the Nuremberg trials.

Plotting Hitler's Death

Plotting Hitler's Death: The German Resistance To Hitler, 1933–1945 is a 1994 book by the historian Joachim Fest about the Germans, both civilian and military, who plotted to kill Adolf Hitler from 1933 onwards. It was written to mark the 50th anniversary of the 20 July plot to kill Hitler and translated into English in 1996. The book includes detailed accounts of various plots and explores the reasons the Allies and many within Germany gave little support to the resistance to Hitler. Among those treated extensively in the book are Colonel Henning von Tresckow and, later, Lieutenant Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg.

Richard J. Evans

Sir Richard John Evans (born 29 September 1947), is a British historian of 19th- and 20th-century Europe with a focus on Germany. He is the author of eighteen books, including his three-volume The Third Reich Trilogy (2003–2008) that has been hailed as "brilliant" and "magisterial." Evans was Regius Professor of History at the University of Cambridge from 2008 until his retirement in 2014, and President of Cambridge's Wolfson College from 2010 to 2017. He has been Provost of Gresham College in London since 2014.

Evans was appointed Knight Bachelor for services to scholarship in the 2012 Birthday Honours.

The Hidden Hitler

The Hidden Hitler (German: Hitlers Geheimnis. Das Doppelleben eines Diktators; the title translates literally as "Hitler's Secret: The Double Life of a Dictator") is a 2001 book by German professor and historian Lothar Machtan. The German original was published by Alexander Fest Verlag, while the English-translated version was published by Basic Books in New York City. (ISBN 0-465-04308-9)

The book discusses Adolf Hitler's sexuality. Machtan argues that Hitler was a closeted homosexual. Among the evidence, he cites the allegedly homoerotic nature of his friendship with August Kubizek during Hitler's youth in Vienna.

The question of Hitler's homosexuality is also raised in Walter C. Langer's work The Mind of Adolf Hitler and in Waite's psychoanalytic history The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler. However, most scholars dismiss these claims and believe Hitler was heterosexual.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany is a book by William L. Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi Germany from the birth of Adolf Hitler in 1889 to the end of World War II in 1945. It was first published in 1960, by Simon & Schuster in the United States. It was a bestseller in both the United States and Europe, and a critical success outside Germany; in Germany, criticism of the book stimulated sales. The book was feted by journalists, as reflected by its receipt of the National Book Award for non-fiction,

but the reception from academic historians was mixed.

Rise and Fall is based upon captured Nazi documents, the available diaries of propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, of General Franz Halder, and of the Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano, evidence and testimony from the Nuremberg trials, British Foreign Office reports, and the author's recollection of his six years in Germany (from 1934 to 1940) as a journalist, reporting on Nazi Germany for newspapers, the United Press International (UPI), and CBS Radio. The work was written and initially published in four parts, but a larger one-volume edition has become more common.

The Speeches of Adolf Hitler, April 1922 – August 1939

A two-volume work titled The Speeches of Adolf Hitler April 1922 – August 1939 was published by Oxford University Press in 1942 under auspices of the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

William L. Shirer

William Lawrence Shirer (; February 23, 1904 – December 28, 1993) was an American journalist and war correspondent. He wrote The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, a history of Nazi Germany that has been read by many and cited in scholarly works for more than 50 years. Originally a foreign correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and the International News Service, Shirer was the first reporter hired by Edward R. Murrow for what would become a CBS radio team of journalists known as "Murrow's Boys". He became known for his broadcasts from Berlin, from the rise of the Nazi dictatorship through the first year of World War II (1940). With Murrow, he organized the first broadcast world news roundup, a format still followed by news broadcasts.

Shirer wrote more than a dozen books besides The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, including Berlin Diary (published in 1941); The Collapse of the Third Republic (1969), which drew on his experience living and working in France from 1925 to 1933; and a three-volume autobiography, 20th Century Journey (1976 to 1990).

Zweites Buch

The Zweites Buch (pronounced [ˈtsvaɪ̯təs buːχ], "Second Book"), unofficially published in English as Hitler's Secret Book and then officially Hitler's Second Book, is an unedited transcript of Adolf Hitler's thoughts on foreign policy written in 1928; it was written after Mein Kampf and was not published in his lifetime. The Zweites Buch was not published in 1928 because Mein Kampf did not sell well at that time and Hitler's publisher, Franz-Eher-Verlag, told Hitler that a second book would hinder sales even more.

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