List of birds of the Isle of Man

Over 300 species of bird have been recorded in the wild on the Isle of Man, a self-governing island in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. Over 100 species breed there, including significant populations of red-billed chough, peregrine falcon and hen harrier.[1]

A variety of seabirds breed on the coastal cliffs such as Atlantic puffin, black guillemot, black-legged kittiwake, European shag and northern fulmar.[2] The island gives its name to the Manx shearwater which formerly nested in large numbers on the Calf of Man. The colony disappeared following the arrival of rats but the shearwaters began to return in the 1960s.[2] The Ayres in the north of the island have colonies of little tern, Arctic tern and common tern.[2]

Moorland areas on the island are home to red grouse, Eurasian curlew and northern raven.[2] Woodland birds include long-eared owl, common treecreeper, Eurasian blackcap and common chiffchaff. There is little native woodland on the island and several species found in Great Britain, such as tawny owl, Eurasian green woodpecker and Eurasian jay, do not breed on the isle of Man.

Many birds visit the island during the winter and migration seasons including waders such as purple sandpiper, turnstone and golden plover.[2] Wintering wildfowl include small numbers of whooper swan. A bird observatory was established on the Calf of Man in 1959 to study the migrating and breeding birds. By the end of 2001, 99,042 birds of 134 species had been ringed there.[3] Numerous rarities have been recorded there including American mourning dove and white-throated robin.

The list below includes 323 species of bird. The English names are those recommended by the International Ornithological Congress (IOC) with alternative names given in brackets.[4] The scientific names and classification follow the British Ornithologists' Union (BOU).[5] Species marked as rare are those for which the Manx Ornithological Society (MOS) requires a written description in order to accept a record.[6]

The Manx Ornithological Society uses the following codes:[7]

  • A: a species which has occurred naturally on the island since 1 January 1950
  • B: a species which has occurred naturally but only before 31 December 1949
  • C: a species with an established breeding population as a result of introduction by man
  • C*: a species which has visited the island from an introduced population in Great Britain

Failed introductions such as black grouse or species which are not yet established such as red-winged laughingthrush are not included on the list.

Table of contents

See also        References         External links

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax -standing-8
Red-billed chough
Puffinus puffinus -Iceland -flying-6
Manx shearwater

Ducks, geese and swans

Cygnus cygnus 070416 IOL
Whooper swan
Anser brachyrhynchus
Pink-footed goose
Canard 052006
Mallard

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Grouse

Red Grouse (May 2008)
Red grouse

Order: Galliformes   Family: Tetraonidae

Pheasants and partridges

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Loons or divers

Gavia stellata 070226 BAS
Red-throated diver

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Petrels and shearwaters

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellaridae

Northern storm petrels

European Storm-petrel
European storm petrel

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Gannets

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants

Phalacrocorax aristotelis
European shag

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Frigatebirds

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Herons and bitterns

Urban Heron
Grey heron

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Spoonbills

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Grebes

Litle Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little grebe

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Hawks and eagles

Wow2 filtered
Hen harrier

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Osprey

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Falconidae

  • Osprey, Pandion haliaetus A, rare

Falcons

Falco peregrinus - 01
Peregrine falcon

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Rails

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Oystercatchers

Austernfischer (Haematopus ostralegus)
Eurasian oystercatcher

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Avocets

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Stone-curlews

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Plovers

Kiebitz 050424ausschnitt
Northern lapwing

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers, snipe and phalaropes

Gallinago gallinago 1 (Marek Szczepanek)
Common snipe
Oiseau chevalier gambette
Common redshank
Arenaria interpres
Ruddy turnstone

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Skuas

Schmarotzer2
Parasitic jaeger

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers

Mewa siodlata 1
Great black-backed gull
Sterna albifrons P6284602
Little tern

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Auks

Tystie1
Black guillemot

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Sandgrouse

Order: Pteroclidiformes   Family: Pteroclididae

Pigeons and doves

Woodpigeoncloseup
Common wood pigeon

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Parrots

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Cuckoos

Kuckuck (Cuculus canorus) by Tim Peukert
Common cuckoo

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Barn owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls

Waldohreule in freier Wildbahn
Long-eared owl

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Nightjars

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Kingfishers

Alcedo atthis 2 (Lukasz Lukasik)
Common kingfisher

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Bee-eaters

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Hoopoes

Botbotik
Eurasian hoopoe

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Upupidae

Woodpeckers

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Orioles

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Shrikes

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Crows

Corvus corax (NPS)
Northern raven

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Kinglets

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Tits

Parus caeruleus01
Eurasian blue tit

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Bearded reedling

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

Larks

Alauda arvensis 2
Eurasian skylark

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins

Landsvale
Barn swallow

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Long-tailed tits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Leaf warblers

Phylloscopus collybita 1
Common chiffchaff

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Typical warblers

Sylviacommunis 9844
Common whitethroat

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

Grasshopper warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Reed warblers

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 1 (Marek Szczepanek)-2
Sedge warbler

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Waxwings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Nuthatches

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Treecreepers

Treecreeper
Eurasian treecreeper

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Wrens

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Starlings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Dippers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Thrushes

Solsort
Common blackbird

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Flycatchers and chats

Erithacus rubecula (Marek Szczepanek)
European robin

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Accentors

Dunnock 1
Dunnock

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Sparrows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits

Motacilla cinerea 4 Luc Viatour
Grey wagtail

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Finches

Carduelis carduelis (Lukasz Lukasik)
European goldfinch

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and arctic buntings

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

Buntings and relatives

Emberiza schoeniclus (male), Gatchina, Russia
Common reed bunting

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mark. Isle of Man, fatbirder.com. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Garrad, Larch S. (1972) The Naturalist in the Isle of Man, David & Charles, Newton Abbot.
  3. ^ Manx National Heritage (2012) The Work of the Observatory. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  4. ^ Gill, F. & D. Donsker, eds. (2012) IOC World Bird Names (v 3.1). Accessed 7 August 2012.
  5. ^ BOU (2011) The British List. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  6. ^ Manx Birdlife (2009) The Manx List 2009 - Categories A, B and C. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  7. ^ Manx Birdlife (2009) The Manx Bird List - 2009. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  8. ^ a b Birdguides (2012) Online Guide to Rarer British Birds. Accessed 7 August 2012 [Subscription required].

General references

External links

Fauna of the Isle of Man

See

Biota of the Isle of Man

List of birds of the Isle of Man

Languages

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