List of birds of Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica

This list is based on the Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds list, May 2002 update, with the doubtfuls omitted. It includes the birds of Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica, and the surrounding ocean and subantarctic islands.

Struthioniiformes

Casuariidae

Apterygidae

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Procellariidae

Procellariidae

Hydrobatidae

Suliformes

Sulidae

Anhingidae

Phalacrocoracidae

Fregatidae

Phaethontiformes

Phaethontidae

Pelecaniformes

Pelecanidae

Ardeidae

Threskiornithidae

Ciconiiformes

Ciconiidae

Phoenicopteriformes

Phoenicopteridae

Anseriformes

Anseranatidae

Anatidae

Accipitriformes

Accipitridae

Pandionidae

  • Osprey, Pandion haliaetus - Aus, NZ

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Galliformes

Megapodiidae

Phasianidae

Odontophoridae

Phasianidae

Gruiformes

Gruidae

Rallidae

Otidiformes

Otididae

Charadriiformes

Turnicidae

Pedionomidae

Rostratulidae

Jacanidae

Chionididae

Burhinidae

Haematopodidae

Recurvirostridae

Charadriidae

Scolopacidae

Glareolidae

Laridae

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Psittaciformes

Strigopidae

Cacatuidae

Psittacidae

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae

Centropodidae

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Tytonidae

Caprimulgiformes

Podargidae

Caprimulgidae

Aegothelidae

Apodiformes

Apodidae

Coraciiformes

Alcedinidae

Meropidae

Coraciidae

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Acanthisittidae

Pittidae

Menuridae

Atrichornithidae

Climacteridae

Maluridae

Meliphagidae

Pardalotidae

Dasyornithidae

Acanthizidae

Petroicidae

Orthonychidae

Pomatostomidae

Cinclosomatidae

Neosittidae

Mohouidae

Pachycephalidae

Oreoicidae

Monarchidae

Rhipiduridae

Dicruridae

Campephagidae

Oriolidae

Artamidae

Paradisaeidae

Corvidae

Corcoracidae

Callaeidae

Laniidae

Ptilonorhynchidae

Alaudidae

Motacillidae

Prunellidae

Passeridae

Estrildidae

Fringillidae

Emberizidae

Nectariniidae

Dicaeidae

Hirundinidae

Pycnonotidae

Acrocephalidae

Phylloscopidae

Locustellidae

Cisticolidae

Zosteropidae

Turdidae

Muscicapidae

Sturnidae

See also

References

  1. ^ David, N. & Gosselin, M. 2002. The grammatical gender of avian genera. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 122: 257-282
Birds of Australia

Australia and its offshore islands and territories have 898 recorded bird species as of 2014. Of the recorded birds, 165 are considered vagrant or accidental visitors, of the remainder over 45% are classified as Australian endemics: found nowhere else on earth. It has been suggested that up to 10% of Australian bird species may go extinct by the year 2100 as a result of climate change.Australian species range from the tiny 8 cm weebill to the huge, flightless emu. Many species of Australian birds will immediately seem familiar to visitors from the Northern Hemisphere - Australian wrens look and act much like northern wrens and Australian robins seem to be close relatives of the northern robins, but in fact the majority of Australian passerines are descended from the ancestors of the crow family, and the close resemblance is misleading: the cause is not genetic relatedness but convergent evolution.

For example, almost any land habitat offers a nice home for a small bird that specialises in finding small insects: the form best fitted to that task is one with long legs for agility and obstacle clearance, moderately-sized wings optimised for quick, short flights, and a large, upright tail for rapid changes of direction. In consequence, the unrelated birds that fill that role in the Americas and in Australia look and act as though they are close relatives.

Australian birds which show convergent evolution with Northern Hemisphere species:

honeyeaters (resemble sunbirds)

sittellas (resemble nuthatches)

Australasian babblers (resemble scimitar babblers)

Australian robins (resemble Old World chats)

Scrub robins (resemble thrushes)

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