List of areas in the United States National Park System

The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

As of March 2019, there are 419 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is rooted in the language of a park's enabling legislation.

In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), which contains nearly 79,000 entries, is administered by the National Park Service. All historically significant park units are automatically included on the NRHP—i.e., all national historical parks and historic sites, national battlefields and military parks, and national memorials, as well as some national monuments.

National Park System units are found in all 50 states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.

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National parks

Existing national parks

There are 61 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas.[1]

Name Location Year established Area (2017)[2]
Acadia National Park Maine 1919 49,057.26 acres (198.5277 km2)
National Park of American Samoa American Samoa 1988 8,256.67 acres (33.4136 km2)
Arches National Park Utah 1971 76,678.98 acres (310.3088 km2)
Badlands National Park South Dakota 1978 242,755.94 acres (982.3984 km2)
Big Bend National Park Texas 1944 801,163.21 acres (3,242.1925 km2)
Biscayne National Park Florida 1980 172,971.11 acres (699.9892 km2)
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park Colorado 1999 30,780.76 acres (124.5653 km2)
Bryce Canyon National Park Utah 1928 35,835.08 acres (145.0194 km2)
Canyonlands National Park Utah 1964 337,597.83 acres (1,366.2099 km2)
Capitol Reef National Park Utah 1971 241,904.50 acres (978.9528 km2)
Carlsbad Caverns National Park New Mexico 1930 46,766.45 acres (189.2571 km2)
Channel Islands National Park California 1980 249,561.00 acres (1,009.9375 km2)
Congaree National Park South Carolina 2003 26,539.22 acres (107.4004 km2)
Crater Lake National Park Oregon 1902 183,224.05 acres (741.4814 km2)
Cuyahoga Valley National Park Ohio 2000 32,572.24 acres (131.8152 km2)
Death Valley National Park California, Nevada 1994 3,373,063.14 acres (13,650.3022 km2)
Denali National Park Alaska 1917 4,740,911.16 acres (19,185.7868 km2)
Dry Tortugas National Park Florida 1992 64,701.22 acres (261.8365 km2)
Everglades National Park Florida 1947 1,508,934.25 acres (6,106.4403 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park Alaska 1980 7,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1327 km2)
Gateway Arch National Park Missouri 2018 192.83 acres (0.7804 km2)
Glacier National Park (part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park) Montana 1910 1,013,125.99 acres (4,099.9754 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park Alaska 1980 3,223,383.43 acres (13,044.5699 km2)
Grand Canyon National Park Arizona 1919 1,201,647.03 acres (4,862.8930 km2)
Grand Teton National Park Wyoming 1929 310,044.22 acres (1,254.7044 km2)
Great Basin National Park Nevada 1986 77,180.00 acres (312.3364 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park Colorado 2004 107,341.87 acres (434.3971 km2)
Great Smoky Mountains National Park North Carolina, Tennessee 1934 522,426.88 acres (2,114.1866 km2)
Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas 1966 86,367.10 acres (349.5153 km2)
Haleakalā National Park Hawaii 1916 33,264.62 acres (134.6171 km2)
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Hawaii 1916 323,431.38 acres (1,308.8804 km2)
Hot Springs National Park Arkansas 1921 5,548.01 acres (22.4520 km2)
Indiana Dunes National Park Indiana 2019 15,347.13 acres (62.1076 km2)
Isle Royale National Park Michigan 1940 571,790.30 acres (2,313.9532 km2)
Joshua Tree National Park California 1994 790,635.74 acres (3,199.5893 km2)
Katmai National Park Alaska 1980 3,674,529.33 acres (14,870.2926 km2)
Kenai Fjords National Park Alaska 1980 669,650.05 acres (2,709.9776 km2)
Kings Canyon National Park California 1940 461,901.20 acres (1,869.2478 km2)
Kobuk Valley National Park Alaska 1980 1,750,716.16 acres (7,084.8969 km2)
Lake Clark National Park Alaska 1980 2,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0212 km2)
Lassen Volcanic National Park California 1916 106,589.02 acres (431.3505 km2)
Mammoth Cave National Park Kentucky 1941 54,011.91 acres (218.5784 km2)
Mesa Verde National Park Colorado 1906 52,485.17 acres (212.3999 km2)
Mount Rainier National Park Washington 1899 236,381.64 acres (956.6026 km2)
North Cascades National Park Washington 1968 504,780.94 acres (2,042.7760 km2)
Olympic National Park Washington 1938 922,649.41 acres (3,733.8297 km2)
Petrified Forest National Park Arizona 1962 221,390.21 acres (895.9344 km2)
Pinnacles National Park California 2013 26,685.73 acres (107.9933 km2)
Redwood National and State Parks California 1968 138,999.37 acres (562.5105 km2)
Rocky Mountain National Park Colorado 1915 265,795.20 acres (1,075.6350 km2)
Saguaro National Park Arizona 1994 91,715.72 acres (371.1604 km2)
Sequoia National Park California 1890 404,062.63 acres (1,635.1834 km2)
Shenandoah National Park Virginia 1935 199,217.77 acres (806.2057 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt National Park North Dakota 1978 70,446.89 acres (285.0884 km2)
Virgin Islands National Park U.S. Virgin Islands 1956 14,940.00 acres (60.4600 km2)
Voyageurs National Park Minnesota 1975 218,200.15 acres (883.0247 km2)
Wind Cave National Park South Dakota 1903 33,970.84 acres (137.4751 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park Alaska 1980 8,323,146.48 acres (33,682.5788 km2)
Yellowstone National Park Idaho, Montana, Wyoming 1872 2,219,790.71 acres (8,983.1743 km2)
Yosemite National Park California 1890 761,747.50 acres (3,082.6828 km2)
Zion National Park Utah 1919 147,237.02 acres (595.8471 km2)

Disbanded national parks

Name Established Disbanded Result
Abraham Lincoln National Park July 17, 1916 August 11, 1939 Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park
Fort McHenry National Park March 3, 1925 August 11, 1939 Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
General Grant National Park October 1, 1890 March 4, 1940 Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park
Hawaii National Park August 1, 1916 September 13, 1960 Divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park
Mackinac National Park April 15, 1875 March 2, 1895 Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park
Platt National Park June 29, 1906 March 17, 1976 Incorporated with Arbuckle Recreation Area and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Sullys Hill National Park April 27, 1904 March 3, 1931 Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as Sullys Hill National Game Preserve

National monuments

As of 2019, there are 129 national monuments, 85 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. The remaining 44 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon-Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and Tule Lake National Monument is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Name Location Area[2]
African Burial Ground National Monument New York 0.35 acres (0.0014 km2)
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument Nebraska 3,057.87 acres (12.3748 km2)
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument Texas 1,370.97 acres (5.5481 km2)
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 137,176 acres (555.13 km2)
Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico 318.4 acres (1.289 km2)
Bandelier National Monument New Mexico 33,676.67 acres (136.2846 km2)
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument District of Columbia 0.34 acres (0.0014 km2)
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument Alabama 18.25 acres (0.0739 km2)
Booker T. Washington National Monument Virginia 239.01 acres (0.9672 km2)
Buck Island Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 19,015.47 acres (76.9529 km2)
Cabrillo National Monument California 159.94 acres (0.6473 km2)
Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Kentucky 525 acres (2.12 km2)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument Arizona 83,840 acres (339.3 km2)
Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological District Alaska 649,124.53 acres (2,626.9138 km2)
Capulin Volcano National Monument New Mexico 792.84 acres (3.2085 km2)
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Arizona 472.5 acres (1.912 km2)
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument Florida 19.38 acres (0.0784 km2)
Castle Clinton National Monument New York 1 acre (0.0040 km2)
Castle Mountains National Monument California 20,920 acres (84.7 km2)
Cedar Breaks National Monument Utah 6,154.6 acres (24.907 km2)
César E. Chávez National Monument California 116.56 acres (0.4717 km2)
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument Ohio 59.66 acres (0.2414 km2)
Chiricahua National Monument Arizona 11,984.73 acres (48.5005 km2)
Colorado National Monument Colorado 20,536.39 acres (83.1078 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 53,571.05 acres (216.7943 km2)
Devils Postpile National Monument California 798.46 acres (3.2313 km2)
Devils Tower National Monument Wyoming 1,346.91 acres (5.4508 km2)
Dinosaur National Monument Utah, Colorado 210,283.31 acres (850.9864 km2)
Effigy Mounds National Monument Iowa 2,526.39 acres (10.2239 km2)
El Malpais National Monument New Mexico 114,313.87 acres (462.6118 km2)
El Morro National Monument New Mexico 1,278.72 acres (5.1748 km2)
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Colorado 5,998.09 acres (24.2734 km2)
Fort Frederica National Monument Georgia 284.49 acres (1.1513 km2)
Fort Matanzas National Monument Florida 300.11 acres (1.2145 km2)
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine Maryland 43.26 acres (0.1751 km2)
Fort Monroe National Monument Virginia 325.2 acres (1.316 km2)
Fort Pulaski National Monument Georgia 5,623.1 acres (22.756 km2)
Fort Stanwix National Monument New York 15.52 acres (0.0628 km2)
Fort Union National Monument New Mexico 720.6 acres (2.916 km2)
Fossil Butte National Monument Wyoming 8,198 acres (33.18 km2)
Freedom Riders National Monument Alabama 7.83 acres (0.0317 km2)
George Washington Birthplace National Monument Virginia 661.73 acres (2.6779 km2)
George Washington Carver National Monument Missouri 210 acres (0.85 km2)
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument New Mexico 533.13 acres (2.1575 km2)
Governors Island National Monument New York 22.78 acres (0.0922 km2)
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument Arizona NPS manages 208,453 acres (843.58 km2) of 1,048,325 acres (4,242.42 km2)
Grand Portage National Monument Minnesota 709.97 acres (2.8731 km2)
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Idaho 4,351.15 acres (17.6085 km2)
Hohokam Pima National Monument Arizona 1,690 acres (6.8 km2)
Homestead National Monument of America Nebraska 211.09 acres (0.8543 km2)
Hovenweep National Monument Colorado, Utah 784.93 acres (3.1765 km2)
Jewel Cave National Monument South Dakota 1,273.51 acres (5.1537 km2)
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Oregon 14,062.02 acres (56.9070 km2)
Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument Maine 87,500 acres (354 km2)
Lava Beds National Monument California 46,692.42 acres (188.9575 km2)
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument Montana 765.34 acres (3.0972 km2)
Montezuma Castle National Monument Arizona 1,015.52 acres (4.1097 km2)
Muir Woods National Monument California 553.55 acres (2.2401 km2)
Natural Bridges National Monument Utah 7,636.49 acres (30.9038 km2)
Navajo National Monument Arizona 360 acres (1.5 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 4,487.98 acres (18.1622 km2)
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona 330,688.86 acres (1,338.2503 km2)
Petroglyph National Monument New Mexico 7,209.3 acres (29.175 km2)
Pipe Spring National Monument Arizona 40 acres (0.16 km2)
Pipestone National Monument Minnesota 281.78 acres (1.1403 km2)
Poverty Point National Monument Louisiana 910.85 acres (3.6861 km2)
Pullman National Monument Illinois 300 acres (1.2 km2)
Rainbow Bridge National Monument Utah 160 acres (0.65 km2)
Russell Cave National Monument Alabama 310.45 acres (1.2563 km2)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument New Mexico 1,071.42 acres (4.3359 km2)
Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska 3,004.81 acres (12.1600 km2)
Statue of Liberty National Monument New York, New Jersey 60.86 acres (0.2463 km2)
Stonewall National Monument New York 7.7 acres (0.031 km2)
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Arizona 3,040 acres (12.3 km2)
Timpanogos Cave National Monument Utah 250 acres (1.0 km2)
Tonto National Monument Arizona 1,120 acres (4.5 km2)
Tule Lake National Monument California
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument Nevada 22,650 acres (91.7 km2)
Tuzigoot National Monument Arizona 811.89 acres (3.2856 km2)
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 12,708.07 acres (51.4277 km2)
Waco Mammoth National Monument Texas 5 acres (0.020 km2)
Walnut Canyon National Monument Arizona 3,529.26 acres (14.2824 km2)
White Sands National Monument New Mexico 143,733.25 acres (581.6678 km2)
Wupatki National Monument Arizona 35,422.13 acres (143.3483 km2)
Yucca House National Monument Colorado 33.87 acres (0.1371 km2)

Authorized national monuments

Name State Status
Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home[3][4] Mississippi Pending acquisition of property
Mill Springs Battlefield[3][4] Kentucky Pending acquisition of property

Former national monuments

Name Established Disbanded Result
Grand Canyon National Monument December 22, 1932 January 3, 1975 Abolished; lands transferred with Marble Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.[5][6][7][8]
Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914 April 7, 1930 Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe
Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument May 11, 1908 August 24, 1937 Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park
Father Millet Cross National Monument August 10, 1933 September 7, 1949 Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park
First State National Monument March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 Incorporated into First State National Historical Park
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 The National Park Service areas of this monument were incorporated into Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, and the National Park Service no longer recognizes their portions of the national monument as distinct from the national historical park. The remaining portions of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument continue to be operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Wheeler National Monument December 7, 1908 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service
Holy Cross National Monument May 11, 1929 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service
Jackson Hole National Monument 1943 September 14, 1950 Merged into Grand Teton National Park
Shoshone Cavern National Monument September 21, 1909 May 17, 1954 Transferred to Cody, Wyoming as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management
Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 Transferred to United States Forest Service
Castle Pinckney National Monument August 10, 1933 March 29, 1956 Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained
Verendrye National Monument June 29, 1917 July 30, 1956 Transferred to North Dakota after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea
Fossil Cycad National Monument October 21, 1922 August 1, 1956 Transferred to Bureau of Land Management because of severe vandalism to the site
Ackia Battlefield National Monument August 27, 1935 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Meriwether Lewis National Monument February 6, 1925 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Petrified Forest National Monument December 8, 1906 December 9, 1962 Incorporated into Petrified Forest National Park
Lehman Caves National Monument June 10, 1933 October 27, 1986 Incorporated into Great Basin National Park[9]
Mound City Group National Monument January 1, 1918 January 2, 1992 Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Minidoka Internment National Monument January 17, 2001 May 8, 2008 Redesignated as Minidoka National Historic Site
Pinnacles National Monument January 16, 1908 January 10, 2013 Redesignated as Pinnacles National Park[10]
Andrew Johnson National Monument April 27, 1942 December 11, 1963 Redesignated as Andrew Johnson National Historic Site[11]
Edison Laboratory National Monument July 14, 1956 September 5, 1962 Combined with Edison Home National Historic Site into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

National preserves

There are 21 national preserves in the United States. Ten are distinct stand-alone official units of the National Park System, while nine others are merely areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger "national park and preserve" or "national monument and preserve" that are counted as two units of the National Park System by the National Park Service. Two others are areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger park (Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve and Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve) but by statute are counted by the National Park Service as single units of the National Park System.

Name Location Area (2017)
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 464,117.93 acres (1,878.2186 km2)
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Alaska 2,697,391.01 acres (10,915.9541 km2)
Big Cypress National Preserve Florida 720,564.01 acres (2,916.0191 km2)
Big Thicket National Preserve Texas 113,121.96 acres (457.7883 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 698,939.69 acres (2,828.5086 km2)
Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska 1,334,117.80 acres (5,398.9832 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska 948,608.07 acres (3,838.8807 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska 58,406.00 acres (236.3607 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado 41,686.00 acres (168.6973 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana 22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska 418,698.80 acres (1,694.4139 km2)
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska 1,410,293.68 acres (5,707.2560 km2)
Little River Canyon National Preserve Alabama 15,288.58 acres (61.8707 km2)
Mojave National Preserve California 1,545,685.49 acres (6,255.1673 km2)
Noatak National Preserve Alaska 6,587,071.39 acres (26,656.9322 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 4,554.03 acres (18.4295 km2)
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas 10,882.67 acres (44.0406 km2)
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida 46,262.67 acres (187.2184 km2)
Valles Caldera National Preserve New Mexico 89,766.09 acres (363.2705 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska 4,852,644.52 acres (19,637.9556 km2)
Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska 2,526,512.44 acres (10,224.4331 km2)

National historical parks

2015 Independence Hall - Philadelphia 01
The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park)

There are 56 national historical parks.

Name Location Area (2017)
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park Kentucky 344.50 acres (1.3941 km2)
Adams National Historical Park Massachusetts 23.82 acres (0.0964 km2)
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park Virginia 1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2)
Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Rhode Island, Massachusetts 1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2)
Boston National Historical Park Massachusetts 43.82 acres (0.1773 km2)
Cane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana 205.50 acres (0.8316 km2)
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park Virginia 3,706.39 acres (14.9992 km2)
Chaco Culture National Historical Park New Mexico 33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia 19,612.37 acres (79.3684 km2)
Colonial National Historical Park[12] Virginia 8,676.91 acres (35.1142 km2)
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia 24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2)
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park Ohio 110.52 acres (0.4473 km2)
First State National Historical Park Delaware, Pennsylvania 1,155.04 acres (4.6743 km2)
Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park South Carolina 234.74 acres (0.9500 km2)
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Indiana 26.17 acres (0.1059 km2)
Golden Spike National Historical Park Utah 2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2)
Harriet Tubman National Historical Park New York 31.50 acres (0.1275 km2)
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park Maryland 480.00 acres (1.9425 km2)
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland 3,656.22 acres (14.7962 km2)
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Ohio 1,770.19 acres (7.1637 km2)
Independence National Historical Park Pennsylvania 44.87 acres (0.1816 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana 22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Kalaupapa National Historical Park Hawaii 10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2)
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Hawaii 1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2)
Keweenaw National Historical Park Michigan 1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2)
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park) Alaska, Washington 12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2)
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Oregon, Washington 3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2)
Lowell National Historical Park Massachusetts 141.67 acres (0.5733 km2)
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Texas 1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2)
Manhattan Project National Historical Park New Mexico, Tennessee, Washington 113.61 acres (0.4598 km2)
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Vermont 643.07 acres (2.6024 km2)
Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park Georgia 38.70 acres (0.1566 km2)
Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts 1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2)
Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey 1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2)
Natchez National Historical Park Mississippi 108.30 acres (0.4383 km2)
New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Massachusetts 34.00 acres (0.1376 km2)
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park Louisiana 5.13 acres (0.0208 km2)
Nez Perce National Historical Park Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington 4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park Georgia 4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park Texas 3,441.74 acres (13.9282 km2)
Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park New Jersey 51.32 acres (0.2077 km2)
Pecos National Historical Park New Mexico 6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2)
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawaii 419.80 acres (1.6989 km2)
Reconstruction Era National Historical Park South Carolina 64.99 acres (0.2630 km2)
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park California 145.19 acres (0.5876 km2)
Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park New Hampshire 190.75 acres (0.7719 km2)
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve U.S. Virgin Islands 989.42 acres (4.0040 km2)
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Texas 947.77 acres (3.8355 km2)
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park California 49.86 acres (0.2018 km2)
San Juan Island National Historical Park Washington 2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2)
Saratoga National Historical Park New York 3,579.14 acres (14.4843 km2)
Sitka National Historical Park Alaska 116.29 acres (0.4706 km2)
Thomas Edison National Historical Park New Jersey 21.25 acres (0.0860 km2)
Tumacácori National Historical Park Arizona 360.32 acres (1.4582 km2)
Valley Forge National Historical Park Pennsylvania 3,467.70 acres (14.0333 km2)
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Guam 2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2)
Women's Rights National Historical Park New York 7.44 acres (0.0301 km2)
Authorized national historical parks
Name Status
Coltsville National Historical Park Connecticut (pending acquisition of property)
Ste. Genevieve National Historical Park Missouri (pending acquisition of property)

National historic sites

The National Park Service administers the national historic sites, with the exception of Grey Towers National Historic Site (managed by the U.S. Forest Service) and those that are managed as Affiliated Areas of the National Park System.

There are 89 national historic sites, of which 78 are NPS units and 11 are affiliated areas.

Name Location Area (2017)
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area (affiliated area) Alaska
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Pennsylvania 1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2)
Andersonville National Historic Site Georgia 515.61 acres (2.0866 km2)
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Tennessee 16.68 acres (0.0675 km2)
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado 798.80 acres (3.2326 km2)
Boston African American National Historic Site Massachusetts 0.59 acres (0.0024 km2)
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Kansas 1.85 acres (0.0075 km2)
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site North Carolina 263.65 acres (1.0670 km2)
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.15 acres (0.00061 km2)
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site South Carolina 28.45 acres (0.1151 km2)
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area) Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area) Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic Site U.S. Virgin Islands 27.15 acres (0.1099 km2)
Clara Barton National Historic Site Maryland 8.59 acres (0.0348 km2)
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Pennsylvania 0.52 acres (0.0021 km2)
Eisenhower National Historic Site Pennsylvania 690.46 acres (2.7942 km2)
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 180.50 acres (0.7305 km2)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site California 13.19 acres (0.0534 km2)
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area) Ohio
First Ladies National Historic Site Ohio 0.46 acres (0.0019 km2)
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.30 acres (0.0012 km2)
Fort Bowie National Historic Site Arizona 999.45 acres (4.0446 km2)
Fort Davis National Historic Site Texas 523.00 acres (2.1165 km2)
Fort Laramie National Historic Site Wyoming 873.11 acres (3.5334 km2)
Fort Larned National Historic Site Kansas 718.39 acres (2.9072 km2)
Fort Point National Historic Site California 29.00 acres (0.1174 km2)
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site North Carolina 512.93 acres (2.0758 km2)
Fort Scott National Historic Site Kansas 16.69 acres (0.0675 km2)
Fort Smith National Historic Site Arkansas, Oklahoma 75.00 acres (0.3035 km2)
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site North Dakota 440.14 acres (1.7812 km2)
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Washington, Oregon 206.72 acres (0.8366 km2)
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 8.57 acres (0.0347 km2)
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Massachusetts 7.21 acres (0.0292 km2)
Friendship Hill National Historic Site Pennsylvania 674.56 acres (2.7298 km2)
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana 1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2)
Hampton National Historic Site Maryland 62.04 acres (0.2511 km2)
Harry S Truman National Historic Site Missouri 12.59 acres (0.0509 km2)
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Iowa 186.80 acres (0.7560 km2)
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (affiliated area) South Carolina
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 833.43 acres (3.3728 km2)
Honouliuli National Historic Site Hawaii
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Pennsylvania 848.06 acres (3.4320 km2)
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Arizona 160.09 acres (0.6479 km2)
James A. Garfield National Historic Site Ohio 7.82 acres (0.0316 km2)
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Virginia
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Georgia 72.21 acres (0.2922 km2)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Massachusetts 0.09 acres (0.00036 km2)
John Muir National Historic Site California 344.14 acres (1.3927 km2)
Kate Mullany National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site North Dakota 1,748.80 acres (7.0771 km2)
Lincoln Home National Historic Site Illinois 12.24 acres (0.0495 km2)
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Arkansas 27.28 acres (0.1104 km2)
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site Massachusetts 1.98 acres (0.0080 km2)
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Virginia 1.29 acres (0.0052 km2)
Manzanar National Historic Site California 813.81 acres (3.2934 km2)
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site New York 284.93 acres (1.1531 km2)
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.07 acres (0.00028 km2)
Minidoka National Historic Site Idaho 396.30 acres (1.6038 km2)
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site South Dakota 43.80 acres (0.1773 km2)
Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas 17.52 acres (0.0709 km2)
Ninety Six National Historic Site South Carolina 1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2)
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 17.61 acres (0.0713 km2)
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site Arkansas 0.68 acres (0.0028 km2)
Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site Hawaii 86.24 acres (0.3490 km2)
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York 83.02 acres (0.3360 km2)
Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York 6.13 acres (0.0248 km2)
Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts 9.02 acres (0.0365 km2)
San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico 75.13 acres (0.3040 km2)
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Colorado 12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2)
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts 8.51 acres (0.0344 km2)
Springfield Armory National Historic Site Massachusetts 54.93 acres (0.2223 km2)
Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania 62.43 acres (0.2526 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York 0.11 acres (0.00045 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site New York 1.18 acres (0.0048 km2)
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland 328.25 acres (1.3284 km2)
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area) Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama 89.68 acres (0.3629 km2)
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama 57.92 acres (0.2344 km2)
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri 9.60 acres (0.0388 km2)
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York 211.65 acres (0.8565 km2)
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma 315.20 acres (1.2756 km2)
Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut 74.20 acres (0.3003 km2)
Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington 138.53 acres (0.5606 km2)
William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio 3.64 acres (0.0147 km2)

Disbanded national historic sites

Name Established Disbanded Result
Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site October 13, 1944 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway
Mar-a-Lago National Historic Site October 21, 1972 December 23, 1980 Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site
McLoughlin House National Historic Site June 27, 1941 July 29, 2003 Merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
St. Thomas National Historic Site December 24, 1960 February 5, 1975 Transferred to U.S. Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site April 12, 2016 Redesignated Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument and changed from affiliated unit to an NPS unit
Edison Home National Historic Site December 6, 1955 September 5, 1962 Combined with Edison Laboratory National Monument into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Edison National Historic Site September 5, 1962 March 30, 2009 Redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Authorized national historic sites

Name Status
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site[13] Pending acquisition of property
Fort St. Mark's National Historic Site[14] Pending acquisition of property

International historic site

Name[1] Location
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine/New Brunswick

National battlefield parks

Malvern Hill, Civil War Battlefield, RIchmond National Battlefield - Stierch
Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia
Name[1] Location
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia
Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia
Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia
River Raisin National Battlefield Park Michigan

National military parks

Name[1] Location
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia, Tennessee
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Virginia
Gettysburg National Military Park Pennsylvania
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park North Carolina
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Alabama
Kings Mountain National Military Park South Carolina
Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas
Shiloh National Military Park Tennessee, Mississippi
Vicksburg National Military Park Mississippi, Louisiana

Disbanded national military parks

Name Established Disbanded Result
Moore's Creek National Military Park June 2, 1926 September 8, 1980 Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield
Monocacy National Military Park June 21, 1934 October 21, 1976 Redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield; previously Monocacy National Battlefield Site (1929 to 1934)

National battlefields

Name[1] Location
Antietam National Battlefield Maryland
Big Hole National Battlefield Montana
Cowpens National Battlefield South Carolina
Fort Donelson National Battlefield Tennessee, Kentucky
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania
Monocacy National Battlefield Maryland
Moores Creek National Battlefield North Carolina
Petersburg National Battlefield Virginia
Stones River National Battlefield Tennessee
Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Missouri

National battlefield site

Name[1] Location
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi

Disbanded national battlefield sites

Name Established Disbanded Result
Antietam National Battlefield Site August 30, 1890 1978 Redesignated Antietam National Battlefield
New Orleans Battlefield Site (Chalmette Monument and Grounds) March 4, 1907 1939 Redesignated Chalmette National Historical Park; incorporated into Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Nov. 10, 1978
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Site February 8, 1917 1935 Redesignated Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
White Plains National Battlefield Site May 18, 1926 1956 Assumed by Battle of White Plains Monument Committee, 1958
Tupelo National Battlefield Site February 21, 1929 1961 Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefield
Monocacy National Battlefield Site March 1, 1929 June 21, 1934 Reauthorized as a national military park; redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield, Oct. 21, 1976
Cowpens National Battlefield Site March 4, 1929 1972 Redesignated Cowpens National Battlefield
Appomattox Battlefield Site June 18, 1930 1935 Designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument; redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, 1954
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Site March 4, 1931 1961 Redesignated Fort Necessity National Battlefield

National memorials

There are 30 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.[1]

Name Location Area[2]
American Memorial Park (affiliated area) Northern Mariana Islands
Arkansas Post National Memorial Arkansas 757.51 acres (3.0655 km2)
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia 28.08 acres (0.1136 km2)
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Chamizal National Memorial Texas 54.90 acres (0.2222 km2)
Coronado National Memorial Arizona 4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2)
De Soto National Memorial Florida 30 acres (0.12 km2)
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area) Michigan
Federal Hall National Memorial New York 0.45 acres (0.0018 km2)
Flight 93 National Memorial Pennsylvania 2,319.96 acres (9.3885 km2)
Fort Caroline National Memorial Florida 138.39 acres (0.5600 km2)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington, D.C. 8.14 acres (0.0329 km2)
General Grant National Memorial New York .76 acres (0.0031 km2)
Hamilton Grange National Memorial New York 1.04 acres (0.0042 km2)
Johnstown Flood National Memorial Pennsylvania 177.76 acres (0.7194 km2)
Korean War Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 1.56 acres (0.0063 km2)
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial Indiana 199.65 acres (0.8080 km2)
Lincoln Memorial Washington, D.C. 7.29 acres (0.0295 km2)
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac Washington, D.C. 17 acres (0.069 km2)
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Washington, D.C. 2.74 acres (0.0111 km2)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial South Dakota 1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2)
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area) Oklahoma
Pearl Harbor National Memorial Hawaii
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio 25.38 acres (0.1027 km2)
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial California 5.00 acres (0.0202 km2)
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island 4.56 acres (0.0185 km2)
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania .02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial Washington, D.C. 88.5 acres (0.358 km2)
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Washington, D.C. 18.36 acres (0.0743 km2)
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 2.18 acres (0.0088 km2)
Washington Monument Washington, D.C. 106.01 acres (0.4290 km2)
World War I Memorial Washington, D.C. 1.76 acres (0.0071 km2)
World War II Memorial Washington, D.C. 8.25 acres (0.0334 km2)
Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina 428.44 acres (1.7338 km2)

Disbanded national memorials

Name Established Disbanded Result
Camp Blount Tablets National Memorial 1930 1944 Transferred to NPS in 1933 from War Dept., it was never developed; only a stone marker remains off U.S. Route 231 near Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fort Clatsop National Memorial May 29, 1958 October 30, 2004 Incorporated into Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial December 21, 1935 February 22, 2018 Redesignated as Gateway Arch National Park
New Echota Marker National Memorial August 10, 1933 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.
Oklahoma City National Memorial October 9, 1997 January 23, 2004 Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit

Authorized national memorials

Name Law
Adams Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-62
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-117
National Desert Storm/Desert Shield Memorial Authorized by National Defense Authorization Act 2015[15]

National recreation areas

There are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service.[1]

Name Location
Amistad National Recreation Area Texas
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana, Wyoming
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Massachusetts
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Georgia
Chickasaw National Recreation Area Oklahoma
Curecanti National Recreation Area Colorado
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Gateway National Recreation Area New York, New Jersey
Gauley River National Recreation Area West Virginia
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Utah, Arizona
Golden Gate National Recreation Area California
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Washington
Lake Mead National Recreation Area Nevada, Arizona
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area Texas
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area Washington
Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area California
Whiskeytown National Recreation Area California

Disestablished or transferred national recreation areas

Name Established Disbanded Result
Arbuckle Recreation Area February 1, 1965 March 17, 1976 Incorporated with Platt National Park and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area December 27, 1974 October 11, 2000 Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area July 22, 1963 October 1, 1968 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Lake Texoma Recreation Area April 18, 1946 June 30, 1949 Returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Millerton Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 November 1, 1957 Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California Department of Water Resources
Shadow Mountain National Recreation Area June 27, 1952 March 1, 1979 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Shasta Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 July 1, 1948 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores

There are 10 national seashores.[1]

Name Location
Assateague Island National Seashore Maryland, Virginia
Canaveral National Seashore Florida
Cape Cod National Seashore Massachusetts
Cape Hatteras National Seashore North Carolina
Cape Lookout National Seashore North Carolina
Cumberland Island National Seashore Georgia
Fire Island National Seashore New York
Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida, Mississippi
Padre Island National Seashore Texas
Point Reyes National Seashore California

National lakeshores

There are three national lakeshores, located in Michigan and Wisconsin.

Name Location
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan

Disestablished or transferred national lakeshores

Name Established Disbanded Result
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore November 5, 1966 February 15, 2019 Redesignated Indiana Dunes National Park

National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers

Morning on the Buffalo River
The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States

There are five national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and ten national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.[1]

Name Location
Alagnak Wild and Scenic River Alaska
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area* Kentucky, Tennessee
Bluestone National Scenic River West Virginia
Buffalo National River* Arkansas
Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational River New Jersey
Middle Delaware National Scenic River New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area* Minnesota
Missouri National Recreational River Nebraska, South Dakota
New River Gorge National River* West Virginia
Niobrara National Scenic River Nebraska
Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee
Ozark National Scenic Riverways* Missouri
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Texas
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway Wisconsin, Minnesota
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River New York, Pennsylvania

National reserves

National reserves are partnerships between federal, state, and local authorities. Within the boundaries of the three national reserves are combinations of federal land (Park Service or National Wildlife Refuges), state parks and forests, local public lands, and private properties.

Name[1] Location
City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho
Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey

National parkways

Blueridgeparkwaylookingglassrock
Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina

Ten roadways and surrounding scenic areas are managed by the NPS as parkways, four of which as official units and five as part of other units.

Name[1] Location
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Maryland, Washington, D.C.
Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia
Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park) Tennessee
George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion). Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming
Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee
Oxon Run Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Washington, D.C.
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (part of Rock Creek Park) Washington, D.C.
Suitland Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Maryland

National historic and scenic trails

These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system.[1]

Name Location
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Hawaii
Appalachian Trail (one of the 419 official units) Maine - Georgia
California National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Delaware - District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail Louisiana - Texas
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail New Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic Trail Wisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Arizona - California
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Illinois - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Illinois - Utah
Natchez Trace Trail (one of the 419 official units) Mississippi - Tennessee
New England National Scenic Trail Connecticut - Massachusetts
North Country National Scenic Trail New York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic Trail New Mexico - California
Oregon National Historic Trail Missouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Virginia - Tennessee - North Carolina - South Carolina
Pony Express National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (one of the 419 official units) Virginia - Maryland - Pennsylvania - Washington, D.C.
Santa Fe National Historic Trail Missouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Alabama
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Tennessee - Oklahoma
Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail Massachusetts - Virginia

National cemeteries

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

Name Location
Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia
Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee
Antietam National Cemetery Maryland
Battleground National Cemetery Washington, D.C.
Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana
Custer National Cemetery Montana
Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee
Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia
Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania
Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia
Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee
Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee
Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi
Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia

Transferred national cemeteries

Name Established Disbanded Result
Chattanooga National Cemetery August 10, 1933 December 7, 1944 returned to War Department

National heritage areas

The National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.

Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and national capital parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also national historic sites.

Name Location
Catoctin Mountain Park Maryland
Historic Camden (affiliated area)[16] South Carolina
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area) Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area) North Dakota/Manitoba
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area) Alaska
Maine Acadian Cultural Center (affiliated area)[17] Maine
National Capital Parks (official unit of other designation) Washington, D.C./Maryland
Prince William Forest Park Virginia
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area) New Brunswick, Canada
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area)[18] Washington
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia

There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.

Disbanded other areas

Name Established Disbanded Result
Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument 1935 1954 Redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park; previously Appomattox National Battlefield Site (1930-1935)
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts October 15, 1966 August 21, 2002 Redesignated Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts
National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C. March 12, 1968 December 29, 1981 Transferred to Department of Transportation
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts June 16, 1972 July 21, 1994 Transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area) 1988 September 30, 2011 Multiple site agencies continue managing the route without NPS partnership[19]

In the 1930s and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m National Park Service (2018-05-14). "National Park System Units/Parks".
  2. ^ a b c "National Reports". National Park Service. Retrieved 25 February 2018. Click on Park Acreage Reports (1997 – Last Calendar/Fiscal Year), then select By Park, Calendar Year, <choose year>, and then click the View PDF Report button - the areas used here are the Gross Area Acres which are in the final column of the report
  3. ^ a b "Text - S.47 - John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act". United States Congress. March 12, 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Gammon, Katharine (2019-03-12). "Trump approves five national monuments – from black history to dinosaur bones". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  5. ^ "Herbert Hoover's National Parks - Herbert Hoover National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  6. ^ "History". bobspixels.com. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Herbert Hoover: Proclamation 2022 - Grand Canyon National Monument". ucsb.edu. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Enrolled Bill s. 1296 - Grand Canyon National Park Enlargement Act" (PDF). fordlibrarymuseum.gov. January 2, 1975. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  9. ^ "Great Basin National Park - Lehman Caves National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)". National Park Service. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  10. ^ Rogers, Paul (January 10, 2013). "Pinnacles becomes a national park -- the closest to Bay Area". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  11. ^ Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Administrative History, National Park Service, 2008, pp. 121-122
  12. ^ Colonial NHP General Management Plan|https://archive.org/details/generalcolonial00nati
  13. ^ Public Law 107-137, February 6, 2002
  14. ^ Public Law 87-789, October 10, 1952
  15. ^ National Park Service-related provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 15, National Park Service, Dec. 19, 2014.
  16. ^ Public Law 97-184, May 24, 1982
  17. ^ Public Law 101-53, November 8, 1990
  18. ^ Jack Broom, National Parks to recognize Wing Luke Museum Archived 2014-10-13 at the Wayback Machine, Seattle Times, 2013-02-06. Accessed online 2013-02-09.
  19. ^ "Error retrieving uploaded document". nps.gov. Retrieved 15 August 2016.

External links

Big South Fork of the Cumberland River

The Big South Fork of the Cumberland River is a 76-mile-long (122 km) river in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Kentucky. It is a major drainage feature of the Cumberland Plateau, a major tributary of the Cumberland River system, and the major feature of the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area.

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park

The Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located at the border between Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia, centered on the Cumberland Gap, a natural break in the Appalachian Mountains.

The park lies in parts of Bell and Harlan counties in Kentucky, Claiborne County in Tennessee, and Lee County in Virginia. The park contains the Kentucky-Virginia-Tennessee tri-state area, accessible via trail.

The Cumberland Gap Visitor Center is located on U.S. Highway 25E just southeast of Middlesboro, Kentucky and just northwest of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel and Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The visitor center features a museum with interactive exhibits about the Gap's role as a transportation corridor, an auditorium that shows films about the area's cultural and natural history, a book store and the Cumberland Crafts gift shop with crafts from Appalachia.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site

The John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site is the birthplace and childhood home of John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States. The house is at 83 Beals Street in the Coolidge Corner neighborhood of Brookline, Massachusetts. The property is now owned by the National Park Service; tours of the house are offered, and a film is presented.

The Kennedy home was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964, and was established as a National Historic Site on May 26, 1967.

Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is an American national memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the western end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., across from the Washington Monument. The architect was Henry Bacon; the designer of the primary statue – Abraham Lincoln, 1920 – was Daniel Chester French; the Lincoln statue was carved by the Piccirilli Brothers; and the painter of the interior murals was Jules Guerin. Dedicated in May 1922, it is one of several memorials built to honor an American president. It has always been a major tourist attraction and since the 1930s has been a symbolic center focused on race relations.

The building is in the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address and his second inaugural address. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, delivered on August 28, 1963, during the rally at the end of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

Like other monuments on the National Mall – including the nearby Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Korean War Veterans Memorial, and National World War II Memorial – the memorial is administered by the National Park Service under its National Mall and Memorial Parks group. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since October 15, 1966. It is open to the public 24 hours a day. In 2007, it was ranked seventh on the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects. More than 7 million people visit the memorial annually.

List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama

The National Historic Landmarks in Alabama represent Alabama's history from the precolonial era, through the Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Space Age. There are 38 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Alabama, which are located in 18 of the state's 67 counties. Five of the NHLs in the state have military significance, eight are significant examples of a particular architectural style, six are archaeological sites, seven played a role in the African American struggle for civil rights, and five are associated with the development of the U.S. Space Program. One site in Alabama was designated a NHL, but the designation was subsequently removed.The National Historic Landmark program is administered by the National Park Service, a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process. The Secretary of the Interior reviews nominations and, based on a set of predetermined criteria, makes a decision on NHL designation or a determination of eligibility for designation. Both public and privately owned properties are designated as NHLs. This designation provides indirect, partial protection of the historic integrity of the properties, via tax incentives, grants, monitoring of threats, and other means. Owners may object to the nomination of the property as a NHL. When this is the case the Secretary of the Interior can only designate a site as eligible for designation.NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of preservation. The primary difference between a NHL and a NRHP listing is that the NHLs are determined to have national significance, while other NRHP properties are deemed significant at the local or state level. The NHLs in Alabama comprise 3% of the approximately 1178 properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Alabama.

Four historic sites in the state are managed by the National Park Service. One of these, the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, is also designated a NHL. The others are Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Russell Cave National Monument, and Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site.

List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in the U.S. state of Missouri represent Missouri's history from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, through the American Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Space Age. There are 37 National Historic Landmarks in Missouri. One site in Missouri was once a National Historic Landmark but later had its designation withdrawn when it failed to meet the program's criteria for inclusion. The NHLs are distributed across fifteen of Missouri's 114 counties and one independent city, with a concentration of fifteen landmarks in the state's only independent city, St. Louis.

The National Park Service (NPS), a branch of the U.S. Department of the Interior, administers the National Historic Landmark program. The NPS is responsible for determining which sites meet the criteria for designation or withdrawal as an NHL as well as identifying potential candidates for the program, through theme studies. The NPS and the National Park System Advisory Board then meet to determine the historical significance of these candidates. The final decision regarding a site's designation as a National Historic Landmark is made by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. However, the owner of a property may object to the designation of that property as an NHL. In such cases, the site is only "eligible for designation." A property eligible for NHL status is also eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Designated National Historic Landmarks are listed on the NRHP, which includes historic properties that the National Park Service has determined to be worthy of preservation. While NHL areas are deemed to carry national historic significance, other NRHP properties may only be significant at local or state levels.Five historic sites in Missouri are in the U.S. National Park system. These are automatically listed in the NRHP and include one U.S. National Monument, one National Memorial, one National Battlefield, and two National Historic Sites.

List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas

This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. There are 47 current and one former NHLs in Texas.

List of national lakeshores and seashores of the United States

The United States has ten protected areas known as national seashores and three known as national lakeshores, which are public lands operated by the National Park Service (NPS), an agency of the Department of the Interior. National seashores and lakeshores are coastal areas federally designated by Congress as being of natural and recreational significance as a preserved area. All of the national lakeshores are on Lakes Michigan and Superior, and nine of the ten national seashores are on the Atlantic Ocean, including two on the Gulf of Mexico. Point Reyes is the only national seashore on the Pacific coast. While all of these protected sites have extensive beaches for recreation, they extend inland to include other natural resources like wetlands and marshes, forests, lakes and lagoons, and dunes. Many also feature historic lighthouses and estates.

National seashores are located in ten states and national lakeshores are in two other states. Florida, North Carolina, and Michigan each have two. The largest national seashore or lakeshore is Gulf Islands, at over 137,000 acres (550 km2); the smallest is Fire Island, at 19,579 acres (79.23 km2). The total areas protected by national seashores and lakeshores are approximately 595,000 acres (2,410 km2) and 214,000 acres (870 km2), respectively. These thirteen sites had a total visitation of 21.1 million people in 2017, led by Cape Cod at over 4 million visitors. Five seashores and lakeshores also include land more strictly protected as wilderness areas.Shorelines, both on oceans and lakes, are particularly vulnerable to natural change. National seashores have experienced higher temperatures than in the past, with even hotter summers expected from the effects of climate change. All nine seashores on the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico feature low-lying barrier islands, which could be submerged by rising sea levels, and storm surges from severe hurricanes can disintegrate the beaches. Warmer temperatures at the Great Lakes may result in continued drop in water levels, with unclear effects on the shoreline. The Natural Resources Defense Council states that long-term planning for all sites must address erosion and visitor access.

List of national memorials of the United States

National memorial is a designation in the United States for an officially recognized area that memorializes a historic person or event. The National Park Service (NPS), an agency of the Department of the Interior, owns and administers 30 memorials as official units and provides assistance for five more, known as affiliated areas, that are operated by other organizations. Congress has also designated several additional independently operated sites as national memorials. Another six memorials have been authorized and are in the planning or construction stages. Memorials need not be located on a site directly related to the subject, and many, such as the Lincoln Memorial, do not have the word "national" in their titles.

The earliest and perhaps most recognizable is the uniquely designated Washington Monument, which was completed in 1884 and transferred to the NPS in 1933. The most recently named is the National Veterans Memorial and Museum, so designated by Congress and dedicated in 2018. The Pearl Harbor National Memorial was created out of World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument in 2019 and was previously just the USS Arizona Memorial. The NPS national memorial units are in 15 states and the District of Columbia. Washington, D.C., has the most, 11, followed by Pennsylvania and New York, each with three. The affiliated areas are in four states (two additional) and the Northern Mariana Islands, while the other sites are in nine states (five additional), the District of Columbia, and Midway Atoll.

Among the NPS national memorials and affiliated areas, nine celebrate U.S. presidents, eleven recognize other historic figures, six commemorate wars, five memorialize disasters, and five represent early exploration. Ten of the nineteen non-NPS memorials commemorate wars or veterans, another six represent groups who people who died for related reasons, and two relate to Native American history. Several major war memorials are located on or near the National Mall, contributing to the national identity. The historic areas within the National Park System are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

"National Memorial" is omitted below in the names of sites that include it; others may separate the two words or just use "Memorial", and there is also one international memorial included. Self-appellations by private organizations, such as the George Washington Masonic National Memorial, that are not officially designated are not listed here, as Congress has reserved the right to create national memorials.

List of national parks of the United States

The United States has 61 protected areas known as national parks that are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior. National parks must be established by an act of the United States Congress. A bill creating the first national park, Yellowstone, was signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1872, followed by Mackinac National Park in 1875 (decommissioned in 1895), and then Rock Creek Park (later merged into National Capital Parks), Sequoia and Yosemite in 1890. The Organic Act of 1916 created the National Park Service "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." Many current national parks had been previously protected as national monuments by the president under the Antiquities Act before being upgraded by Congress. Seven national parks (including six in Alaska) are paired with a national preserve, areas with different levels of protection that are administered together but considered separate units and whose areas are not included in the figures below.

Criteria for the selection of national parks include natural beauty, unique geological features, unusual ecosystems, and recreational opportunities (though these criteria are not always considered together). National monuments, on the other hand, are frequently chosen for their historical or archaeological significance. Fourteen national parks are designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS), while 21 national parks are designated UNESCO Biosphere Reserves (BR). Eight national parks are designated in both UNESCO programs.

Twenty-nine states have national parks, as do the territories of American Samoa and the United States Virgin Islands. California has the most (nine), followed by Alaska (eight), Utah (five), and Colorado (four). The largest national park is Wrangell–St. Elias in Alaska: at over 8 million acres (32,375 km2), it is larger than each of the nine smallest states. The next three largest parks are also in Alaska. The smallest park is Gateway Arch National Park, Missouri, at approximately 192.83 acres (0.7804 km2). The total area protected by national parks is approximately 52.2 million acres (211,000 km2), for an average of 870 thousand acres (3,500 km2) but a median of only 229 thousand acres (930 km2).The national parks set a visitation record in 2017, with more than 84 million visitors. The most-visited national park is Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina and Tennessee, with over 11.3 million visitors in 2017, followed by Arizona's Grand Canyon National Park, with over 6.2 million. In contrast, only 11,177 people visited the remote Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve in Alaska in the same year.A few former national parks are no longer designated as such, or have been disbanded. Other units of the National Park Service (419 altogether) while broadly referred to as national parks within the National Park System do not hold the formal designation in their title.

List of the United States National Park System official units

The Official Units of the National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service.

As of 2019, there are 419 official units of the National Park System; however, this number can be misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve are counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is rooted in the language of a park's enabling legislation. Furthermore, the NPS contributes resources to "affiliated areas" which do not fall under its administration, and these do not count toward the official list number. An example is Oklahoma City National Memorial.

These units are a subset of the areas in the United States National Park System, and nearly all participate in the national park passport stamps program. Until 2013, Delaware was the only state without an official unit (President Barack Obama designated First State National Monument under the Antiquities Act on March 25, 2013. It was subsequently redesignated a national historical park.) National park system units are also found in Washington, D.C., Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Bold indicates national parks.

Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park

The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park consists of several buildings in Atlanta, Georgia, including Martin Luther King Jr.'s boyhood home and the original Ebenezer Baptist Church, the church where King was baptized and both his father Martin Luther King Sr. and he were pastors. These places, critical to the interpretation of the life of Martin Luther King Jr. and his legacy as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, were included in the park when it was established on October 10, 1980. Formerly a National Historic Site, the unit was redesignated as a National Historical Park on January 8, 2018 by U.S. President Donald Trump.In total, the buildings included in the site make up 35 acres (0.14 km²). The visitor center contains a museum that chronicles the American Civil Rights Movement and the path of Martin Luther King Jr. An 1894 firehouse (Fire Station No. 6) served the Sweet Auburn community until 1991, and now contains a gift shop and an exhibit on desegregation in the Atlanta Fire Department. The "I Have a Dream" International World Peace Rose Garden, and a memorial tribute to Mohandas K. Gandhi are part of the site, as is the "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" which commemorates some of the courageous pioneers who worked for social justice.

Annual events celebrating Martin Luther King Jr. Day in January typically draw large crowds. Speakers have included Presidents of the United States, national and local politicians, and civil rights leaders. Remembrances are also held during Black History Month (February), and on the anniversary of King's April 4, 1968, assassination in Memphis, Tennessee.

National Park Service

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment.

As of 2018, the NPS employs approximately 27,000 employees who oversee 419 units, of which 61 are designated national parks.

National monument (United States)

In the United States, a national monument is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.

National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (in the case of marine national monuments). Historically, some national monuments were managed by the War Department.National monuments can be so designated through the power of the Antiquities Act of 1906. President Theodore Roosevelt used the act to declare Devils Tower in Wyoming as the first U.S. national monument.

National preserve

A national preserve is a type of National Park Service protected area of the United States designated by Congress that has characteristics normally associated with national parks but where certain natural resource-extractive activities such as fishing, hunting, mining, and oil/gas exploration and extraction are permitted. The types of activities permitted in each national preserve varies depending on the enabling legislation of the unit. Restrictions on hunting, fishing, and trapping may be enacted by the Secretary of the Interior with the consultation of the state agency responsible for overseeing said activities, often the state's department of natural resources, unless it is an emergency.A national preserve differs from a national reserve as management of reserves can be delegated to the state in which they reside.The first national preserve in the U.S. was Big Thicket National Preserve in Texas, followed soon after by Big Cypress National Preserve in Florida, both established in 1974.National preserves in Alaska were created by a provision of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980, allowing only regulated hunting, fishing and trapping for sport and subsistence purposes.

Outline of Alaska

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Alaska:

Alaska – most extensive, northernmost, westernmost, highest, second newest, and least densely populated of the 50 states of the United States of America. Alaska occupies the westernmost extent of the Americas, bordering British Columbia and the Yukon, and is detached from the other 49 states. The summit of Denali (formerly Mount McKinley) at 6194 meters is the highest point of North America.

Outline of Delaware

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Delaware:

Delaware – U.S. state located on the Atlantic Coast of the United States. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, a British nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor, after whom (what is now called) Cape Henlopen was originally named. Delaware is the second smallest state (after Rhode Island). The history of the state's economic and industrial development is closely tied to the impact of the Du Pont family, founder of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, one of the world’s largest chemical companies. Delaware was one of the 13 original states participating in the American Revolution and on December 7, 1787, became the first to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

Petrified Forest National Park

Petrified Forest National Park is an American national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona. Named for its large deposits of petrified wood, the fee area of the park covers about 230 square miles (600 square kilometers), encompassing semi-desert shrub steppe as well as highly eroded and colorful badlands. The park's headquarters is about 26 miles (42 km) east of Holbrook along Interstate 40 (I-40), which parallels the BNSF Railway's Southern Transcon, the Puerco River, and historic U.S. Route 66, all crossing the park roughly east–west. The site, the northern part of which extends into the Painted Desert, was declared a national monument in 1906 and a national park in 1962. The park received 644,922 recreational visitors in 2018. Typical visitor activities include sightseeing, photography, hiking, and backpacking.

Averaging about 5,400 feet (1,600 m) in elevation, the park has a dry windy climate with temperatures that vary from summer highs of about 100 °F (38 °C) to winter lows well below freezing. More than 400 species of plants, dominated by grasses such as bunchgrass, blue grama, and sacaton, are found in the park. Fauna include larger animals such as pronghorns, coyotes, and bobcats, many smaller animals, such as deer mice, snakes, lizards, seven kinds of amphibians, and more than 200 species of birds, some of which are permanent residents and many of which are migratory. About one third of the park is designated wilderness—50,260 acres (79 sq mi; 203 km2).The Petrified Forest is known for its fossils, especially fallen trees that lived in the Late Triassic Epoch, about 225 million years ago. The sediments containing the fossil logs are part of the widespread and colorful Chinle Formation, from which the Painted Desert gets its name. Beginning about 60 million years ago, the Colorado Plateau, of which the park is part, was pushed upward by tectonic forces and exposed to increased erosion. All of the park's rock layers above the Chinle, except geologically recent ones found in parts of the park, have been removed by wind and water. In addition to petrified logs, fossils found in the park have included Late Triassic ferns, cycads, ginkgoes, and many other plants as well as fauna including giant reptiles called phytosaurs, large amphibians, and early dinosaurs. Paleontologists have been unearthing and studying the park's fossils since the early 20th century.

The park's earliest human inhabitants arrived at least 8,000 years ago. By about 2,000 years ago, they were growing corn in the area and shortly thereafter building pit houses in what would become the park. Later inhabitants built above-ground dwellings called pueblos. Although a changing climate caused the last of the park's pueblos to be abandoned by about 1400 CE, more than 600 archeological sites, including petroglyphs, have been discovered in the park. In the 16th century, Spanish explorers visited the area, and by the mid-19th century a U.S. team had surveyed an east–west route through the area where the park is now located and noted the petrified wood. Later, roads and a railway followed similar routes and gave rise to tourism and, before the park was protected, to large-scale removal of fossils. Theft of petrified wood remains a problem in the 21st century.

President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site

The President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site is located in Hope, Arkansas. Built in 1917 by Dr. H. S. Garrett, in this house the 42nd President of the United States Bill Clinton spent the first four years of his life, having been born on August 19, 1946, at Julia Chester Hospital in Hope, Arkansas.. The house was owned by his grandparents, Edith Grisham and James Eldridge Cassidy, and they cared for him when his mother, Virginia, was away working as an anesthetist in New Orleans.On May 19, 1994, the site was added to the National Register of Historic Places (as "Bill Clinton Birthplace"). Tours were offered by the Clinton Birthplace Foundation. In accordance with the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (Pub.L. 111–11§7002), the Secretary of the Interior accepted the property on December 14, 2010, establishing it as a national historic site and a unit of the National Park System. This change in status was originally proposed by Senator Mark Pryor of Arkansas. Bill Clinton and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar formally dedicated the site on April 16, 2011.

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