List of animation studios

The following lists of animation studios presents current and former organizations similar to artists studios but principally dedicated to the production and distribution of animated films. Such studios may be actual production facilities or corporate entities. The countries with the most listed, active studios, are Japan, United States, Canada, United Kingdom and South Korea, but studios are found across all continents.

Active studios

Studio Country Founded Notes and sources
20th Century Fox Animation United States 1997 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
8-Bit Japan 2008
A Squared Entertainment United States 2009
A-1 Pictures Japan 2005 [1]
A. Film Denmark 1988
A.C.G.T Japan 2001
A.P.P.P. Japan 1984
Aardman Animations United Kingdom 1972
Ace & Son Moving Picture Co., LLC United States 2003 Formerly named Asterisk Animation.
Act3animation Australia 1992
Adelaide Productions United States 1993 Formerly named Columbia TriStar Children's Television.
Ajia-do Japan 1978
AKOM South Korea 1985
Allspark Pictures United States 2014 Division of Hasbro Films, a subsidiary of Hasbro Studios
Ánima Estudios Mexico 2002
Animaccord Animation Studio Russia 2008
Animafilm Romania 1964
Animal Logic Australia 1991
Animax Entertainment United States 2001
AIC Japan 1982
Animex Producciones Mexico 2000
Animonsta Studios Malaysia 2009
Animusic United States 1995
Ankama France 2001
Arms Corporation Japan 1996
Artland Japan 1978
Asahi Production Japan 1973
Assemblage Entertainment India 2013
Atomic Cartoons Canada 1999
Augenblick Studios United States 1999
Bagdasarian Productions United States 1961
Bardel Entertainment Canada 1987
Bee Train Japan 1997
Bent Image Lab United States 2002
Bento Box Entertainment United States 2009
Big Bad Boo Canada 2005
Big Idea Entertainment United States 1989 Formerly GRAFx Studios
Blue Sky Studios United States 1987 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Blur Studio United States 1995
Blue-Zoo United Kingdom 2000
bolexbrothers United Kingdom 1991
BONES Japan 1998
Boulder Media Limited Ireland 2000
Brain's Base Japan 1996
BRB International Spain 1972
Brown Bag Films Ireland 1994
BUG Norway 1984
Bullwinkle Studios United States 1948
Buzzco Associates United States 1974 Founded as Perpetual Motion Pictures in 1968 renamed Buzzco by Buzz Potamkin in 1982
C2C Japan 2006
Cartoon Network Studios United States 1994 Started as sub-division of Hanna-Barbera.
Cartoon Saloon Ireland 1999
Charlex United States 1979
China Film Animation China 1999
Cinesite Canada/United Kingdom 1991
Clockwork Zoo Animation South Africa 2008 Formerly Octagon CSI.
Collingwood & Co. United Kingdom 1988
Cookie Jar Group Canada 1976 Formerly Cinar, based in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
Copa Studio Brazil 2009
Creative Capers Entertainment United States 1989
Crest Animation Studios India 1990
Crew972 Israel 2005
Cuckoo's Nest Studio Taiwan 1978 Also known as Hong Guang (宏廣) and Wang Film Productions.
Cuppa Coffee Studio Canada 1992
The Curiosity Company United States 1999
Daume Japan 1986
David Production Japan 2007
Def2shoot France 2002
DHX Media Ltd. Canada 2006
Digital Domain United States 1993 Purchased by Galloping Horse Studio in China
Digital Frontier Japan 2000
Diomedea Japan 2005
Dogakobo Japan 1973
Floyd County Productions United States 2009
Dong Woo Animation South Korea 1991
DR Movie South Korea 1990
DreamWorks Animation United States 1994 Subsidiary of Comcast
Dygra Films Spain 1987
Eiken Japan 1969 Formerly known as Television Corporation of Japan.
Eric Miller Animation Studios United States 2014
Estudio Haini Mexico 2003
Exceptional Minds United States 2011
Feel Japan 1999
Felix the Cat Productions United States 1953
Film Roman, Inc. United States 1984
Fine Arts Films United States
United Kingdom
Folimage France 1981
Fred Wolf Films Dublin Ireland
United States
Frederator Studios United States 1997
Future Thought Productions India 1997
Fuzzy Door Productions United States 1996
G&G Entertainment South Korea
Gainax Japan 1984
Gaumont Animation France 1997 Formerly known as Alphanim until 2009
Global Mechanic Canada 1995
GoHands Japan 2008
Gonzo Japan 1992
Green Gold Animation India 2001
Guru Studios Canada 2000
H5 France 1994
Hanho Heung-Up South Korea 1984
Hong Ying Animation Taiwan 1986
Hoods Entertainment Japan 2009
Ilion Animation Studios Spain 2002
Illumination United States 2007 Subsidiary of Comcast
Imagin Japan 1992
InlayFilm Russia 2007
Industrial Light & Magic United States 1975 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Jam Filled Toronto Canada 1985 Formerly Dan Krech Productions, DKP Studios, Starz Animation, Arc Productions
Janimation United States 1993
J.C.Staff Japan 1987
JibJab United States 1999
John Lemmon Films United States 1984
Kandor Graphics Spain 1992
Khara Japan 2006
Kharabeesh Jordan 2008
Kinema Citrus Japan 2008
Klasky Csupo United States 1982
Koko Enterprises South Korea 1990
KRU Studios Malaysia 2005
Kurtz & Friends United States 1981
Kyoto Animation Japan 1981
LAIKA United States 2005
Lambie-Nairn United Kingdom 1976
Lastrego Italy 1997
Lay-duce Japan 2013
Lerche Japan 2011
Les Armateurs France 1994
Liden Films Japan 2012
Light Chaser Animation Studios China 2013
Littlenobody United Kingdom 2004
Locksmith Animation United Kingdom 2014
Lucasfilm Animation United States 2003 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company; have overseen products in Singapore
Lumicel Animation Studios India 2009
Mac Guff France
United States
Madhouse Japan 1972
Magic Bus Japan 1977
Makuta VFX India 2010
MAPPA Japan 2011
Marathon Media Group France 1990 Subsidiary of Zodiak Entertainment
March Entertainment Canada 1996
Marvel Animation United States 2008 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Marza Animation Planet Japan 2005
Melnitsa Animation Studio Russia 1999
MGM Animation United States 1993
Millimages France 1990
Mirari Films United States 1999
Mondo Media United States 1988
Mondo TV Italy 1985
Mook Animation Japan 1986
MTV Animation United States 1986 Subsidiary of Viacom
National Film Board of Canada Canada 1939
Nelvana Canada 1971
Nickelodeon Animation Studio United States 1992 Subsidiary of Viacom
Nitrogen Studios Canada 2003
Nippon Animation Japan 1962
Nomad Japan 2003
Omation Animation Studio United States 1990
Oh! Production Japan 1970
OLM, Inc. Japan 1995
Ordet Japan 2007
P.A. Works Japan 2000
Pannónia Film Studio Hungary 1951
Paramount Animation United States 2011 Subsidiary of Viacom; Paramount's return to having its own animated division for the first time since 1967, when Paramount Cartoon Studio was closed.
Passion Pictures United States / United Kingdom 1987
Passione Japan 2013
Pearl Studio China 2012 Formerly Oriental DreamWorks.[2]
Pentamedia Graphics India 1998
Petersburg Animation Studio Russia 2003
The People's Republic of Animation Australia 2003
Piranha NYC United States 2009
Pixar United States 1979 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company; made the first computer animated feature film, Toy Story
Plastic Wax Australia 1997
Plus One Animation South Korea 1991
Polygon Pictures Japan 1983
Post Amazers Pakistan 2002
Powerhouse Animation Studios, Inc. United States 2001
Premavision/Clokey Productions United States 1955
Production I.G Japan 1987
Production Reed Japan 1975 Formally known as Ashi Production
Psyop United States 2000
Radicial Axis United States 2000
Rainbow S.r.l. Italy 1994
Rainmaker Entertainment Canada 1991 Formerly Mainframe Entertainment
Reel FX Creative Studios United States 1993
Renegade Animation United States 1992
Rhythm and Hues Studios United States 1987
RingTales United States 2006
Rooster Teeth United States 2003 Film and animation studio that produces animated shows in 2D, 3D and machinema for predominantly online audience.
Rough Draft Studios United States
South Korea
Rubicon Group Holding Jordan 2004
Saerom Animation South Korea 2003
Sanzigen Japan 2006
Satelight Japan 1995
Sav! The World Productions France 1998
Savage Studios Ltd. United States 1992
Se-ma-for Poland 1947
SEK Studio North Korea 1957
Seven Arcs Japan 2002
Silver Link Japan 2007
Skycron Canada 2001
Shademaker Productions United States 2010
ShadowMachine United States 1999
SHAFT Japan 1975
Shanghai Animation Film Studio China 1957
Shin-Ei Animation Japan 1976
Six Point Harness United States 2003
Slap Happy Cartoons Canada 2004
Smallfilms United Kingdom 1959
Sony Pictures Animation United States 2002 Subsidiary of Sony
Sony Pictures Imageworks United States 1992 Subsidiary of Sony; visual effects & animation studio; provides animation for most of Sony Pictures Animation's films
Soyuzmultfilm Russia 1936
Sparky Animation Singapore 2006
Sparx* China
1995 HQ in France.
Splash Entertainment United States 1992 Formerly Mike Young Productions, and Moonscoop US.
Spümtwo United States 2016 Formerly known as Spümcø, which shut down in 2005, but was later revived in 2016 as Spümtwo.[3]
Spy Pictures United Kingdom 1999
Stretch Films United States 1991
Studio 4°C Japan 1986
Studio B Productions Canada 1988 Acquired by DHX Media in 2007 and renamed: DHX Media Vancouver.
Studio Chizu Japan 2011
Studio Comet Japan 1986
Studio DEEN Japan 1975
Studio Fantasia Japan 1983
Studio Gallop Japan 1972
Studio Ghibli Japan 1984
Studio Gokumi Japan 2010
Studio Hibari Japan 1979
Studio Mir South Korea 2010
Studio Pierrot Japan 1979
Studio Ponoc Japan 2015
Sunrise Japan 1972
Sunwoo Entertainment South Korea 1974
SynergySP Japan 1998
Tatsunoko Productions Japan 1962
Tau Films United States 2014
Tezuka Productions Japan 1968
The Animation Picture Company United States 2006
Titmouse United States 1999
TMS Entertainment Japan 1946
TNK Japan 1999
Toei Animation Japan 1948
Toon City Animation Philippines 1993
ToonBangla Bangladesh 2005
ToonBox Entertainment Canada 2008
Toondra Russia 2001
Toonz India 1999
TRIGGER Japan 2011
Triggerfish Animation Studios South Africa 1996
Troyca Japan 2013
TYO Animations Japan 2009
Ufotable Japan 2000
Universal Animation Studios United States 1991 Formerly known as Universal Cartoon Studios; Subsidiary of Comcast
Vanguard Animation United States 2002
Varga Studio Hungary 1988
Vasoon Animation China 1992
Video Brinquedo Brazil 1994
Walt Disney Animation Studios United States 1923 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company; founded after Disney's earlier venture Laugh-O-Gram went bankrupt.
Walt Disney Television Animation United States 1985 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Walt Disney Television International Japan Japan 2008 Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Wang Film Productions Taiwan 1978
Warner Bros. Animation United States 1980
Warner Animation Group United States 2013
White Fox Japan 2007
WildBrain United States 1994
Williams Street Studios United States 1994 Formerly Ghost Planet Industries
Wit Studio Japan 2012
Wizart Animation Russia 2007
Worker Studio United States 2009
Xebec Japan 1995
Xilam France 1999
Xyzoo Animation South Africa 1991
Yowza! Animation Canada 1996
Zagreb school of animated films Croatia 1956
Zexcs Japan 1998
Zinkia Entertainment Spain 2001
Aardman Nathan Love United States 2007–2015 Merged with Aardman Animations in 2015
Adventure Cartoon Productions United States 1962(?)–1966(?)
Alphanim France 1997–2009 Changed name to Gaumont in 2009
Amblimation United States 1989–1997 The animation production arm of Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment.
Animation Collective United States 2003–2014
Bakshi Productions/Ralph's Spot United States ????
Barré Studio United States 1914–1923 After 1917 called Bud Fisher Films Corporation.
Belvision Belgium 1956–2005
Bill Melendez Productions United States 1969
Bird Studios United Kingdom ????
Bray Productions United States 1913–1927
Burbank Films Australia Australia 1981–1988
Cartoon Pizza/Jumbo Pictures United States 1988–2015 Formerly named Jumbo Pictures.
Chuck Jones Productions United States ????
CINAR Films Canada 1976–2004 Merged into Cookie Jar Entertainment.
CinéGroupe Canada 1974–2011 Also has offices in Los Angeles, California, United States.
Circle 7 Animation United States 2004–2006 Defunct subdivision of Walt Disney company
Colossal Pictures United States 1976–1999
Cosgrove Hall Films United Kingdom 1976–2009 ITV owners wound down after purchase.
Curious Pictures United States 1978–2014 Formerly Stowmar Enterprises and Broadcast Arts.
DePatie-Freleng Enterprises United States 1963–1981 Re-organized as Marvel Productions.
DIC Entertainment France 1971–2008 Merged into Cookie Jar Entertainment.
DisneyToon Studios United States 1988–2018 Formerly Walt Disney Animation Australia; defunct subdivision of Walt Disney Company
DNA Productions United States 1987–????
DUCK Studios United States 1972–2015 Folded into Noble Animation.
Ellipse Programme France 1987–????
Fatkat Canada 1999–????
Filmation United States 1963–1989
FilmFair United Kingdom ????
Fleischer Studios
(Inkwell Studios/Famous Studios/Paramount Cartoon Studios)
United States 1921–1967 Name changed in 1928, 1942, 1956.
Format Films United States 1959
Fox Animation Studios United States 1994–2000 See also: 20th Century Fox Animation above
Games Animation United States 1990
George Pal Studio United States ???? Stop-motion animation only.
Golden Films United States 1988
Grantray-Lawrence Animation United States 1954–1967
Group TAC Japan 1968–2010
Gaumont British Animation UK 1946–1950
H-Gun United States 1988–2001
Hal Film Maker Japan 1993–2009 Merged with Yumeta Company into TYO Animations.
Halas and Batchelor United Kingdom ????
Hanna-Barbera United States 1957–2001 Bought by Turner merged with Warner Brothers
Harman-Ising Productions United States 1930–1960
ImageMovers Digital United States 2009–2011
Imagi Animation Studios United States / China / Japan 2000–2010
The Ink Tank United States 1978–2004
International Film Service United States 1915–1918
Jack Kinney Productions United States 1960–1963
Jay Ward Productions United States 1958–1984
Larry Harmon Pictures United States 1958–1962
Jetix Animation Concepts United States 2004-2006 Label of Walt Disney Television Animation
Jetlag Productions United States
Kievnauchfilm USSR 1941–????
Kroyer Films United States 1986–1994 Studio inactive as of 1994.
Lacewood Canada ????
Laugh-O-Gram Studio United States 1921–1923 Walt Disney's first animation venture, which didn't last long.
Leon Schlesinger Productions/Warner Bros. Cartoons, Inc./Warner Bros Seven Arts United States 1933–1964
Schlesinger sold the studio to Warner Bros in 1944, in 1964 the studio closed down, and reopened briefly in 1967 to close down in 1969.
Manglobe Japan 2002–2015
Mathematical Applications Group, Inc. United States 1966 Also known as MAPI
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio United States 1937–1957
MGM Animation/Visual Arts/Sib Tower 12 Productions United States 1962–1970
MoonScoop Group France ????
Mushi Production Japan 1961–1973 A new studio with the same name was established in 1977 and is still active.
Noyes & Laybourne United States 1978–1991 Folded into Colossal Pictures.
Pacific Data Images United States 1980–2015
Perpetual Motion Pictures United States 1968-1982 Renamed Buzzco Associates by Buzz Potamkin in 1982
Phoenix Animation Studios United States 1966
Pilot Studio Russia 1988–????
Radix Ace Entertainment Japan ????
Rankin-Bass United States 1961–2003
Rembrandt Films Czechoslovakia ???? Operated in Prague by Americans.
Richard Williams Studio Ltd. Canada 1958–1992
Ruby-Spears Productions United States 1977–1996 Studio inactive as of 1996.
Saban Entertainment United States-Israel 1983–2002 Purchased by Disney in 2001 as part of the Fox Family Worldwide purchase. Currently legally known as BVS Entertainment
SIP Animation France 1977–2009 Separated from Saban in 2001, stake purchased by Disney in 2002 and renamed to SIP Animation in the sane year. Filed for liquidation and closed in 2009
Skellington Productions United States 1986–1996(?) Renamed as Skellington in 1992.
Soup2Nuts United States 1993–2015 Formerly named Tom Snyder Productions
Spectrum Animation Japan ????
Studio Ekran Russia 1968–????
Sullivan-Bluth Studios Ireland
United States
Sunbow Entertainment United States 1980-2004 Purchased by Sony Wonder in 1998 and then TV Loonland-AG in 2000, folded into the latter in 2004
Terrytoons United States 1928–1968
Top Craft Japan ???? Became Studio Ghibli.
Total Television United States 1960–1968
Tradition Studios United States 2009–1912
Turner Feature Animation United States 1991–1996
TVC Cartoons Canada 1961–1979
Ub Iwerks Studio/Cartoons Films Inc United States 1930–1936 Iwerks sold the studio in 1936, but the studio continued to produce animation commercials into the mid-1940s.
United Productions of America United States 1944–1964 Also known as UPA
Van Beuren Studios United States 1928–1936
Walt Disney Animation Canada Canada 1996–2000 Defunct subdivision of Walt Disney company
Walt Disney Animation Japan Japan 1989–2004 Defunct subdivision of Walt Disney company
Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida United States 1989–2004 Became a general satellite studios of Walt Disney Animation Studios, founded after earlier venture Disney's Hollywood Studios went bankrupt and for additional output.
Walt Disney Feature Animation, France S.A./Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris France 1989–2003 Defunct subdivision of Walt Disney compan
Walter Lantz Productions United States 1929–1948
Universal now owns the library.
Will Vinton Studios United States 1979–2005 Became LAIKA.
Winkler Pictures*/Charles Mintz Studios**/Screen Gems Studio*** United States 1921–1946 *Also known as M.J. Winkler Productions and Robert Winkler Productions
**Re-organization in 1929
***Re-organization in 1940

See also


  1. ^ "ABOUT". (in Japanese). A-1 Pictures Inc. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  2. ^ Amidi, Amid (February 2, 2018). "Oriental Dreamworks Relaunches As 100% Chinese-Owned Pearl Studio". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  3. ^ Del Valle, Gabe (2016-04-17). "John K. and I Are in the Process of Opening a Company". Tumblr. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film

The Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film is an award given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) as part of the Academy Awards annually since the 5th Academy Awards, covering the year 1931–32, to the present.

This category was known as "Short Subjects, Cartoons" from 1932 until 1970, and as "Short Subjects, Animated Films" from 1971 to 1973. The present title began with the 1974 awards. In the listings below, the title shown in boldface was the winner of the award, followed by the other nominees for that year. Only American films were nominated for the award until 1952 with NFB's The Romance of Transportation in Canada.

MGM's Tom and Jerry are the category's most lauded animated series, winning seven Oscars and being nominated for a total of 13. Among foreign studios, the National Film Board of Canada has the most wins in this category, with six Oscars. The biggest showing from Britain in this category is Nick Park, with three wins (for Creature Comforts and two for the Wallace and Gromit series.)

Awards were presented to the shorts' producers during the first five decades of the award's existence. Current Academy rules call for the award to be presented to "the individual person most directly responsible for the concept and the creative execution of the film. In the event that more than one individual has been directly and importantly involved in creative decisions, a second statuette may be awarded". The Academy defines short as being "not more than 40 minutes, including all credits".

Animated cartoon

An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, which is made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3D modeling and other means. Animated cartoons are still created for entertainment, commercial, educational and personal purposes.

Animation studio

An animation studio is a company producing animated media. The broadest such companies conceive of products to produce, own the physical equipment for production, employ operators for that equipment, and hold a major stake in the sales or rentals of the media produced. They also own rights over merchandising and creative rights for characters created/held by the company, much like authors holding copyrights. In some early cases, they also held patent rights over methods of animation used in certain studios that were used for boosting productivity. Overall, they are business concerns and can function as such in legal terms.

Currently there are about 201 animation studios dedicated to the production and distribution of animated films that are active. Few are actual production houses where as others are corporate entities. Many of these animation studios help with the fulfillment of animation works for big brand names and have carried out outsourced projects including Nemo.

Bird Studios

Bird Studios is a UK production company, founded in 2003, specializing in design, computer animation and visual effects for TV, film and the digital world.

The Managing and Creative Director is designer/animator Ian Bird. Bird Studios specialize in combining photo-realistic 3D Computer animation with live action as well as stand alone CGI animation and the creation of character animation.

Brown Bag Films

Brown Bag Films, or Brown Bag, is a Canadian-owned Irish television animation production studio, based in Dublin, Ireland with a 2D and 3D facilities based in Manchester, UK and Toronto, Canada. Best known for its character CGI-animated television series and short films, including the Oscar nominated Give Up Yer Aul Sins and Granny O'Grimm's Sleeping Beauty, Brown Bag Films was established in 1994 by Cathal Gaffney and Darragh O'Connell. The studio has garnered a number of awards, including Academy Award nominations for Give Up Yer Aul Sins (Best Animated Short Film 2001) and Granny O'Grimm's Sleeping Beauty (Best Animated Short Film 2010), six Emmy Award wins for Peter Rabbit, an Emmy award for Bing and a number of BAFTA, Emmy and Annie nominations for their shows Octonauts, Doc McStuffins and Henry Hugglemonster.Brown Bag Films have produced several high-profile international TV series, including Acamar Films and Tandem Films co-production Bing for CBeebies, Disney Junior's Doc McStuffins, Henry Hugglemonster, Silvergate Media's The Octonauts for CBeebies as well Peter Rabbit and Nella the Princess Knight for Nick Jr., Chorion's Olivia for Nickelodeon US, Wobbly Land for Hit Entertainment/Nickelodeon UK, the animated teenage soap Crap Rap for RTÉ and the remake of Enid Blyton's Noddy in Toyland for Chorion/FIVE UK. They have also produced additional animation in the shorts in the 2015 Bob the Builder series while Rainmaker Entertainment is the main animation studio for the series.

Current productions include new seasons of Doc McStuffins for Disney US, Vampirina for Disney Junior, Nella the Princess Knight for Nickelodeon, The Stinky & Dirty Show for Amazon Prime and Butterbean's Cafe for Nickelodeon. Brown Bag Films also have a slate of original children's projects in development and are engaged in international co-productions.It has been a wholly owned subsidiary of 9 Story Media Group since 2015.

Computer animation

Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery (CGI) encompasses both static scenes and dynamic images, while computer animation only refers to the moving images. Modern computer animation usually uses 3D computer graphics, although 2D computer graphics are still used for stylistic, low bandwidth, and faster real-time renderings. Sometimes, the target of the animation is the computer itself, but sometimes film as well.

Computer animation is essentially a digital successor to the stop motion techniques using 3D models, and traditional animation techniques using frame-by-frame animation of 2D illustrations. Computer-generated animations are more controllable than other more physically based processes, constructing miniatures for effects shots or hiring extras for crowd scenes, and because it allows the creation of images that would not be feasible using any other technology. It can also allow a single graphic artist to produce such content without the use of actors, expensive set pieces, or props. To create the illusion of movement, an image is displayed on the computer monitor and repeatedly replaced by a new image that is similar to it, but advanced slightly in time (usually at a rate of 24, 25 or 30 frames/second). This technique is identical to how the illusion of movement is achieved with television and motion pictures.

For 3D animations, objects (models) are built on the computer monitor (modeled) and 3D figures are rigged with a virtual skeleton. For 2D figure animations, separate objects (illustrations) and separate transparent layers are used with or without that virtual skeleton. Then the limbs, eyes, mouth, clothes, etc. of the figure are moved by the animator on key frames. The differences in appearance between key frames are automatically calculated by the computer in a process known as tweening or morphing. Finally, the animation is rendered.For 3D animations, all frames must be rendered after the modeling is complete. For 2D vector animations, the rendering process is the key frame illustration process, while tweened frames are rendered as needed. For pre-recorded presentations, the rendered frames are transferred to a different format or medium, like digital video. The frames may also be rendered in real time as they are presented to the end-user audience. Low bandwidth animations transmitted via the internet (e.g. Adobe Flash, X3D) often use software on the end-users computer to render in real time as an alternative to streaming or pre-loaded high bandwidth animations.

Famous Studios

Famous Studios (renamed Paramount Cartoon Studios in 1956) was the first animation division of the film studio Paramount Pictures from 1942 to 1967. Famous was founded as a successor company to Fleischer Studios, after Paramount seized control of the aforementioned studio and ousted its founders, Max and Dave Fleischer, in 1941. The studio's productions included three series started by the Fleischers—Popeye the Sailor, Superman, and Screen Songs—as well as Little Audrey, Little Lulu, Casper the Friendly Ghost, Honey Halfwitch, Herman and Katnip, Baby Huey, and the anthology Noveltoons series.

The Famous name was previously used as Famous Players Film Company, one of several companies which in 1912 became Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, the company which founded Paramount Pictures. Paramount's music publishing branch, which held the rights to all of the original music in the Fleischer/Famous cartoons, was named Famous Music.

Many of the Famous Studios productions are currently owned by AT&T's WarnerMedia through Turner Entertainment (for Popeye The Sailor and Superman) and Comcast's NBCUniversal through DreamWorks Animation (for Harvey Comics and Felix the Cat). The 1962-1967 cartoons, along with the pre-October 1950 Noveltoons, are still owned by Paramount Pictures today through Republic Pictures.

Fleischer Studios

Fleischer Studios () was an American corporation which originated as an animation studio located at 1600 Broadway, New York City, New York. It was founded in 1921 as Inkwell Studios by brothers Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer who ran the pioneering company from its inception until Paramount Pictures, the studio's parent company and the distributor of its films, acquired ownership. In its prime, Fleischer Studios was a premier producer of animated cartoons for theaters, with Walt Disney Productions's becoming its chief competitor in the 1930s.

Fleischer Studios characters included Koko the Clown, Betty Boop, Bimbo, Popeye the Sailor, and Superman. Unlike other studios, whose characters were anthropomorphic animals, the Fleischers' most successful characters were humans (with the exception of Bimbo). The cartoons of the Fleischer Studio were very different from the Disney product, both in concept and in execution. As a result, the Fleischer cartoons were rough rather than refined, commercial rather than consciously artistic. But in their unique way, their artistry was expressed through a culmination of the arts and sciences. This approach focused on surrealism, dark humor, adult psychological elements, and sexuality, and the environments were grittier and urban, often set in squalid surroundings, reflecting the Great Depression as well as German Expressionism.

List of Japanese animation studios

This is a list of Japanese animation studios.

List of animation distribution companies

This is a list of animation distribution companies.

List of animation studios owned by The Walt Disney Company

The Walt Disney Company has owned and operated several animation studios since the company's founding on October 16, 1923, by Walt and Roy Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; the current Walt Disney Animation Studios in Burbank, California is the company's flagship feature animation studio and claims heritage from this original studio. Adding to the growth of the company and its motion picture studio division The Walt Disney Studios, several other animation studios were added through acquisitions and through openings of satellite studios outside the United States. These expanded the company's animation output into television, direct-to-video, and digital releases, in addition to its primary feature animation releases.

Currently Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar, Lucasfilm Animation (through Lucasfilm), 20th Century Fox's animation division, and Blue Sky Studios are parts of The Walt Disney Studios unit. This article does not include other animation studios whose films were released by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (the company's distribution unit) and not acquired by the company, nor does it count the Laugh-O-Gram Studio (1921–23), Disney's first animation studio, which predated the founding of The Walt Disney Company. For example, certain Studio Ghibli films were distributed by Disney internationally but never owned by the company. Also, Miramax, a independently operating unit of the Walt Disney Studios, also purchased US rights to foreign animated movies.

List of live-action film production companies

This is a list of film filmmaking, film distribution companies. A production company may specialize in producing their in-house films or own subsidiary development companies. Major production companies often distribute films from independent production companies. This list includes both active and no longer active (defunct) companies. Active production companies are either run by themselves or as a subsidiary.

Film studios also create television programs for broadcast syndication.

Lists of animated feature films

This list of animated feature films compiles animated feature films from around the world and is organized alphabetically under the year of release (the year the completed film was first released to the public). Theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV (TV) and direct-to-video (V) movies of all types of animation are included. Currently the list doesn't recognize one release form from another.

In order to qualify for this list, films must be "over 40 minutes long and have animation in at least 75% of their running time, or have at least 40 minutes of animation in total." This list chooses to use the AFI, AMPAS and BFI definitions of a feature film. For animated films under 40 minutes, see List of animated short films. For marionette films like Team America: World Police, or films featuring non-animated puppets, see Films featuring puppetry. Also, primarily live-action films with heavy use of special effects are not included.

Lists of companies

This is an index of company-related list articles on Wikipedia.

Outline of animation

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to animation:

Animation – rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement. It is an optical illusion of motion due to the phenomenon of persistence of vision. The most common method of presenting animation is as a motion picture or video program, although several other forms of presenting animation also exist.

Post Amazers

Post Amazers is an animation and post-production facility that provides creative services from concept to execution including art direction, broadcast design, 2D/3D animation, post-production, sound design etc.

Their work consists of Son of the Mask, Exorcist: The Beginning, Adventures of Zak & Sylvia (animated serial pilot for Black Cherry Multimedia; Canada), Just Imagine (animated film for Quartics, USA), Commander Safeguard (animated films for Pakistan (until 2016), Mexico & China) and more than 1000 commercials.

Studio Mir

Studio Mir Co., Ltd (Hangul: 스튜디오 미르) is a South Korean animation studio based in Seoul. Among other works, the studio animated most of the American TV series The Legend of Korra, the fourth season of The Boondocks, the Netflix series Voltron: Legendary Defender and Lego Elves: Secrets of Elvendale.

Traditional animation

Traditional animation (or classical animation, cel animation or hand-drawn animation) is an animation technique in which each frame is drawn by hand on a physical medium. The technique was the dominant form of animation in cinema until the advent of computer animation.

Wang Film Productions

Wang Film Productions Co., Ltd. (also known as Hong Guang Animation (宏廣) and Cuckoo's Nest Studio) is one of the oldest and most prolific Taiwanese-American animation studios. The company, based in Xindian, Taipei and Los Angeles, California, has done animation/ink and paint for various TV shows and films for studios in North America, Europe and Asia.

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