List of ancient Macedonians

This is a list of the Ancient Macedonians



Argead Dynasty

Antipatrid Dynasty

Antigonid Dynasty

Non-Dynastic Kings

Antipatrid Dynasty

Antigonid Dynasty

Non-Dynastic Kings

Antigonid Dynasty

Antigonid Rulers
King Reign (BC) Consort(s) Comments
Antigonus II Gonatas (Macedon) 276–239 BC Phila Son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus. His wife, Phila, was the daughter of his sister, Stratonice. Only one known legitimate child, Demetrius II Aetolicus.
Demetrius II Aetolicus (Macedon) 239–229 BC Stratonice of Macedon
Phthia of Epirus
Nicaea of Corinth
Son of Antigonus II and Phila. Stratonice of Macedon was a daughter of Antiochus I Soter and Stratonice. Phthia of Epirus was a daughter of Alexander II of Epirus and Olympias II of Epirus. Nicaea of Corinth was the widow of Demetrius' cousin, Alexander of Corinth. Chryseis was a former captive of Demetrius.[5] Only known son, Philip by Chryseis, also had a daughter by Stratonice of Macedon, Apama III.
Antigonus III Doson (Macedon) 229–221 BC Chryseis Son of Demetrius the Fair and Olympias of Larissa. Children unknown.
Philip V of Macedon BM
Philip V (Macedon)
221–179 BC Polycratia of Argos Son of Demetrius II and Chryseis.[5] At least four children: Perseus of Macedon, Apame, Demetrius and Philippus.
Perseus of Macedon BM
Perseus (Macedon)
179–168 BC
(died 166 BC)
Laodice V The last king of Macedon. Laodice V was a daughter of the Seleucid king, Seleucus IV Philopator. At least two sons, Philip and Alexander.

Non-Dynastic Kings

Philip VI Andriskos
Coin of Andriscus. Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (King Philip).

The Macedonian rebel against Rome and last King of Macedonia, Andriscus,(or Pseudo-Philip VI) Ἀνδρίσκος 150-148 BC, claimed to be the son of Perseus.

  • Pseudo-Alexander, 148 BC
  • Pseudo-Philip VII or Pseudo-Perseus, 143/142 BC

Military personnel

High generals





Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi






Horse race Olympic Victors as recorded in recent discovered epigrams of Posidippus of Pella (c. 3rd century BC)[14]







Naopoios (Temple-builder), an elected Archon by Hieromnemones, responsible for restoring the temple of Apollo in Delphi

  • Philippus Φίλιππος Μακεδών
  • Timanoridas (son of Cordypion) Τιμανορίδας Κορδυπίωνος Μακεδών c. 361–343 BC[23]
  • Leon (son of Hegesander) Λέων Ἡγησάνδρου Μακεδών 331 BC[24]


See also


  1. ^ As part of the compromise in Babylon after Alexander the Great’s death, it was agreed that Philip would be joint king with Roxanne’s unborn child, should it prove to be male. Hence Philip was sole king for several months until Alexander IV was born, and Alexander too was sole king from Philip’s murder in 317 BC to his own death. Neither had any effective power during this period; Philip was mentally infirm and Alexander was under age.
  2. ^ Perdiccas (And his immediate Regency successors) did not take the title of Regent, (Epitropos) but instead styled himself 'Manager' (Epimelêtês), however his position was that of Regent in all but name.
  3. ^ Demetrius was proclaimed King in 306 BC with his father, but his reign in Macedonia only became effective after he ousted the Antipatrids in 294, and his power there ended after he was in turn expelled by Pyrrhus and Lysimachus in 286. His death in 283 is often given as marking the end of his reign.
  4. ^ Antigonus claimed the kingship upon his father's death in 283, but it was only effective after 276.
  5. ^ a b Eusebius, Chronicle 1.237-8; Syncellus Chronicle 535.19
  6. ^ A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 Review: John Cole
  7. ^ Justin7.2.14. (He contended for the prize in various species of exercises at the Olympics)
  8. ^ Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [1] by Simon Hornblower – SEG 30:648
  9. ^ Aspects of Ancient Macedonian Costume [2]-Μακεδόνες και Παναθήναια [3], [4] -Epigraphical Database SEG 49:842, SEG 45:801
  10. ^ BoeotiaAmphiareion- Epigr. tou Oropou 520.10
  11. ^ a b c d Chronicon (Eusebius)
  12. ^ ArkadiaLykaionIG V,2 550.17
  13. ^ Pausanias a Guide to Greece [5]
  14. ^ Posidippus, Epigrams
  15. ^ Phokis — Delphi Syll.³ 424.42
  16. ^ Boiotia — Oropos: Amphiareion — c. 80–50 BC Epigr. tou Oropou 528.12
  17. ^ Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 Bc-Ad 363 By Duncan B. Campbell
  18. ^ Phokis — Delphi FD III 1:477.13
  19. ^ Phokis — Delphi BCH 1928:259.26
  20. ^ Epidauros — c. 365–311 BC IG IV²,1 94 frg b.col I.1 -9
  21. ^ Martial, Buch VI: Ein Kommentar by Farouk Grewing
  22. ^ Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings Page 211 By Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos ISBN 960-7094-89-1
  23. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:19.74
  24. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:58.29-30
1st millennium BC

The 1st millennium BC is the period of time between from the year 1000 BC to 1 BC (10th to 1st centuries BC; in astronomy: JD 1356182.5 – 1721425.5).

It encompasses the Iron Age in the Old World and sees the transition from the Ancient Near East to classical antiquity.

World population roughly doubled over the course of the millennium,

from about 100 million to about 200–250 million.

Agios Athanasios, Thessaloniki

Agios Athanasios (Greek: Άγιος Αθανάσιος,) is a town and a former municipality in the Thessaloniki regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Chalkidona, of which it is a municipal unit. In 2011 the population was 14,753. The municipal unit Agios Athanasios has an area of 155.34 km2, and the community Agios Athanasios has an area of 35.527 km2.

Alexander I of Macedon

Alexander I of Macedon (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μακεδών), known with the title Philhellene (Greek: φιλέλλην, literally "lover of the Greeks", meaning "patriot") was the ruler of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from c. 498 BC until his death in 454 BC. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Alcetas II.

Alexandrion (Litochoro)

The Alexandrion (Greek Αλεξάνδρειον), a building of the international "Alexander the Great Institute", is a private institution of Macedonians living abroad. These Greeks, who came from Macedonia, had the idea to erect a monument in their homeland, at the foot of Mount Olympus, near the Temple of Zeus in Dion, a symbol of their bond with their homeland, and at the same time a place of encounter. It was founded in 1992. The head office of the Institute is in New York (USA), the local management is based in Katerini.


Calindoia or Kalindoia (Greek: Καλίνδοια) was an ancient Bottiaean city in Mygdonia (modern Thessaloniki regional unit, Kalamoto village). The name also comes down to us in the form Calindaea. The town also bore the names Alindoia and Tripoiai.Kalindoia is first reported in the Athenian-Bottiaean alliance of 422 BCE and later in the Epidaurian list of Theorodokoi of 360/59 BCE. The name of Theodorokos was Pausanias, possibly the same as Pausanias, the pretender to the Macedonian throne in 368 and 360 BCE. It was refounded as a Macedonian city in the late 4th century BCE. A dedicatory inscription to Apollo was found at Toumbes Kalamotou; it records a list of priests of Asclepius (archpriest Agathanor) who had fulfilled their duties from the time when King Alexander gave Kalindoia to Makedones. Priests of Asclepius were frequently eponymous officials (archontes) in Macedon.

The site of Kalindoia is located near modern Kalamoto.

Central Macedonia

Central Macedonia (Greek: Κεντρική Μακεδονία, romanized: Kentrikí Makedonía, pronounced [cʲe̞n.dɾiˈcʲi ma̠.cʲe̞.ðo̞.ni.a̠]) is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece, consisting of the central part of the geographical and historical region of Macedonia. With a population of almost 1.9 million, it is the second most populous in Greece after Attica.

Flag of Macedonia (Greece)

The flag of Macedonia (Greek: Σημαία της Μακεδονίας) represents a Vergina Sun with 16 rays in the centre of a blue field. This flag, as well as the Vergina Sun, is commonly used as an unofficial symbol of the Greek region of Macedonia and its subdivisions. It is also used by organisations of the Greek Macedonian diaspora, such as the Pan-Macedonian Association chapters of the United States and Australia, as well as numerous commercial enterprises and private citizens.

The Vergina Sun is an official state emblem of Greece, and the Greek government proceeded to lodge a copyright claim as a state symbol at the World Intellectual Property Organization in 1995. No such provisions have been made for the flag of Macedonia however, which remains unofficial.

It is unclear when the flag was adopted, but it was most likely in use by the late 1980s after the archaeological discovery of the star by Manolis Andronikos in Vergina. The similarity of the first flag of North Macedonia, then the Republic of Macedonia, following its independence from Yugoslavia 1992 had the same design as the flag of Greek Macedonia, but on a red background with proportions 1:2. This caused controversy in Greece, which was already using that symbol for its own province of Macedonia, and the Republic of Macedonia changed its flag to the current design in 1995.

Greek Macedonian cuisine

Macedonian cuisine is the cuisine of the region of Macedonia in northern Greece. Contemporary Greek Macedonian cooking shares much with general Greek and wider Balkan and Mediterranean cuisine, including dishes from the Ottoman past. Specific influences include dishes of the Pontic, Aromanian, Armenian and Sephardi Jewish population. The mix of the different people inhabiting the region gave the name to the Macedonian salad.


Grevena (Greek: Γρεβενά, Grevená, [ɣreveˈna], Aromanian: Grebini) is a town and municipality in Western Macedonia, Northern Greece, capital of the Grevena regional unit. The town's current population is 13,374 citizens (2011). It lies about 400 kilometres (249 miles) from Athens and about 180 km (112 miles) from Thessaloniki. The municipality's population is 25,905. Grevena has had access to the Egnatia Odos since the early 2000s, which now connects Igoumenitsa with Thessaloniki and Alexandroupoli at the border with Turkey. Mountains surround the municipality, which is situated by the river Greveniotikos, which itself flows into the Aliakmon. Other significant towns in the municipality are Amygdaliés and Méga Seiríni. Grevena Municipal Museum is located in the town.

Kingdom of Thessalonica

The Kingdom of Thessalonica was a short-lived Crusader State founded after the Fourth Crusade over conquered Byzantine lands in Macedonia and Thessaly.

Lion of Amphipolis

The Lion of Amphipolis is a 4th-century BC tomb sculpture in Amphipolis, Macedonia, northern Greece. According to Oscar Broneer and archaeologist Dimitris Lazaridis, the first person excavating in the area in the 1960s, it was set up in honor of Laomedon of Mytilene, an important general of Alexander the Great, king of Macedon.

List of Macedonians (Greek)

For the people of ancient Macedonia see List of ancient Macedonians. For other uses, see Lists of Macedonians.The following is a list of Macedonians.

List of Macedonians (ethnic group)

This is a list of the Macedonians (Macedonian: Македонци, Makedonci), ethnic group.For the ancient people of Macedon, see ancient Macedonians and List of ancient Macedonians.For lists of other people in the Macedonia region see Lists of Macedonians

List of ancient Macedonians in epigraphy

Ancient Macedonians are attested in epigraphy from the 5th century BC throughout classical antiquity. For those recorded in classical literary sources, see list of ancient Macedonians.

Lists of Macedonians

List of Macedonians may refer to:

List of Macedonians (modern ethnic group)

List of Macedonians (Greek)

List of Macedonians (Bulgarian)

List of ancient Macedonians

List of Macedonian Americans

Music of Macedonia (Greece)

The Music of Macedonia is the music of the Greek geographic region of Macedonia, which is a part of the music of whole region of Macedonia. Folk dances in Macedonia include the Macedonia, Hasapiko (found allover Greece), Leventikos, Endeka Kozanis, Stankena, Akritikos, Baidouska, Macedonikos antikristos, Kori Eleni, Partalos, Kleftikos Macedonikos, Mpougatsas, Kastorianos, O Nikolos, Antikrystos, Sirtos Macedonias and Kapitan Louka.

There are also folk songs which make references to the Macedonian Struggle. It is notable the use of brass instruments (called chálkina in local idioma), trumpets and koudounia.

Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki

The city of Thessaloniki in Macedonia, Greece, for several centuries the second-most important city of the Byzantine Empire, played an important role for Christianity during the Middle Ages and was decorated by impressive buildings. In 1988, fifteen monuments of Thessaloniki were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

City Walls (4th/5th centuries)

Rotunda of Saint George (4th century)

Church of Acheiropoietos (5th century)

Church of St. Demetrios (7th century)

Latomou Monastery (6th century)

Church of St. Sophia (8th century)

Church of Panagia Chalkeon (11th century)

Church of St. Panteleimon (14th century)

Church of the Holy Apostles (14th century)

Church of St. Nicholas Orphanos (14th century)

Church of St. Catherine (13th century)

Church of Christ Saviour (14th century)

Blatades Monastery (14th century)

Church of Prophet Elijah (14th century)

Byzantine Bath (14th century)

Pella (municipality)

Pella (Greek: Πέλλα) is a village and a municipality in the Pella regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. It is located on the site of ancient Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedonia and birthplace of Alexander The Great. The capital of the municipality is Giannitsa, the largest town of the regional unit. On the site of the ancient city of Pella is the Archaeological Museum of Pella.

Upper Macedonia

Upper Macedonia (Greek: Ἄνω Μακεδονία, Ánō Makedonía) is a geographical and tribal term to describe the upper/western of the two parts in which, together with Lower Macedonia, the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon was roughly divided. Upper Macedonia became part of the kingdom of Macedon in the early 4th century BC. From that date, its inhabitants were politically equal to Lower Macedonians. Upper Macedonia was divided in the regions of Elimeia, Eordaea, Orestis, Lynkestis, Pelagonia, Deuriopus, Atintania, Tymphaea and Dassaretis. The middle and southern parts of Upper Macedonia corresponds roughly to the modern Greek region of West Macedonia while the northern part of Upper Macedonia corresponds to the southwestern corner of the North Macedonia.

Hecataeus and Strabo identified these mountain Macedonia kingdoms as of Epirote stock. Three of the most important Hellenistic dynasties originated from Upper Macedonia: the Lagids from Eordaea, the Seleucids from Orestis and the Antigonids from Elimiotis.

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