List of ancient Greek cities

This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A city is defined as ancient Greek if at any time its population or the dominant stratum within it spoke Greek. Many were soon assimilated to some other language. By analogy some cities are included that never spoke Greek and were not Hellenic per se but contributed to Hellenic culture later found in the region.

A

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Abdera Thrace (near Xanthi), Greece Avdira
Abila 13 km north-northeast of Irbid, Jordan Harta or Hartha Abila Dekapoleos, Abila (Greek: Ἄβιλα), Seleucia (Greek: Σελεύκεια), Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia, Ancient Raphana
Abydos North of Çanakkale, East Bank of Hellespont Nağara, pronounced Nara Abydus
Acanthus Athos Ierissos Erisso
Acharnae near Acharnes and Ano Liosia, about 10 km north of Athens Acharnes
Actium mouth of the Ambracian Gulf Punta, abandoned
Adramyttium Edremit (Town), Balıkesir Edremit (Town) Adramyttion, Adramytteion, Atramyttion
Aegae northern Greece, close to modern Vergina abandoned Aigai
Aegina island in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (27 km) from Athens Aegina
Aegium Achaea, Greece Aigio (Αίγιο) Egio, Egion
Aenus Turkish Thrace Enez Poltyobria, Poltymbria
Agrinion Aetolia-Acarnania, 3 km south-west of modern Agrinio abandoned Agrinium
Aigosthena Attica abandoned Egosthena
Akragas (Akragasta) Sicily (Italio) Agrigento Agrigentum, Kerkent, Girgenti
Akrai Sicily Palazzolo Acreide Acrae
Akrillai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Chiaramonte Gulfi Acrillae, Gulfi
Akroinon western Turkey Afyonkarahisar Hapanuwa, Nicopolis, Kara Hissar, Afyon, Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar, Afyon Karahisar
Akrotiri (ancient name not known) Thera/Santorini, Greece Akrotiri
Alalia Corsica Aléria Aleria, Alaliē (Ἀλαλίη)
Alexándreia (Ἀλεξάνδρεια) northern Egypt Alexandria al-Iskandariyya, Rakotə, Eskendereyya (اسكندريه)
Alexandretta southern Turkey İskenderun al-'İskandarūn (الإسكندرون)
Alexandria in Arachosia southern Afghanistan Qandahar
Alexandria in Ariana western Afghanistan Herat
Alexandria Asiana Iran
Alexandria Bucephalous disputed, in northern Pakistan Jhelum, or more likely Phalia
Alexandria of the Caucasus near modern Bagram, Afghanistan Kapisa
Alexandria Eschate Fergana Valley Khujand Alexandria the Furthest, Khüjand, Khodzhent, Khudchand, Chodjend, Ispisar, Leninabad, Leninobod
Alexandria on the Indus at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, Pakistan, 13 km from modern Uch abandoned Uch, Uch Sharif, Alexandria at the Head of the Punjab
Alexandria on the Oxus near Kunduz, northern Afghanistan abandoned Ai-Khanoum, Ay Khanum, possibly Eucratidia
Alexandria Troas Troad region of Turkey Alexandria of the Troad, Sigia, Antigonia Troas,
Alinda near Karpuzlu, Turkey abandoned possibly Alexandria by the Latmos
Amarynthos Euboea, Greece
Amaseia Yeşilırmak River, northern Turkey Amasya Amáseia (Αμάσεια)
Ambracia Epirus
Amida banks of the River Tigris, south-eastern Turkey Diyarbakır Diyâr-ı Bekr, Amed, Āmîḏ (ܐܡܝܕ)
Amisos Black Sea coast, Turkey Samsun Amisus, Eis Amison, Samsunta, Samsus, Samson, Samsounta
Amnisos Crete, Greece Phocis, Greece
Amphicaea Boeotia, Greece Amfikleia Amphicleia
Amphigeneia Peloponnese, southern Greece abandoned
Amphipolis Thrace, northern Greece Amfipoli
Amphissa Phocis, Greece Amfissa Salona
Ankon (Ἀγκών) Adriatic coast of central Italy Ancona
Antigona
Antipatrea southern Albania Berat Beligrad
Antioch on the Maeander south western Turkey, near Kuyucak abandoned Antiochia on the Maeander, Antiochia ad Mæandrum, Pythopolis
Antioch, Mygdonia south eastern Turkey Nusaybin Soba, Nisibis
Antioch on the Orontes eastern side of the Orontes River, near modern Antakya, Turkey Antiochia ad Orontem, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch
Antioch, Pisidia 1 km northeast of Yalvaç, Isparta Province, Turkey Antiochia in Pisidia, Pisidian Antioch (Greek: Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας), Antiochia Caesareia, Antiochia Caesaria, Antiochia in Phrygia
Antiochia ad Taurum near Gaziantep, Turkey abandoned Antiochia in the Taurus
Andros Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) south east of Euboea
Apamea on the Orontes River, about 55 km northwest of Hama, Syria abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια), Afamia (أفاميا or آفاميا)
Apamea near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates, in Iraq abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Sittacene, Iraq, surrounded by the Tigris abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea near Nahavand, Iran abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Myrlea on the Sea of Marmara, south of Mudanya, Turkey abandoned Apamea Myrleon, Apameia Myrleanos, Brylleion, Myrlea (Μύρλεια), Murleia, Myrleia, Colonia Iulia Concordia, Apamena.
Apamea lake formed by the Birecik Dam, Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Phrygia, Turkey Dinar Apameia (Απάμεια), Kibotos (κιβωτός), hê Kibôtos, Cibotus
Apamea Ragiana Media, Iran abandoned Apamea Rhagiana, Apamea Raphiana, Apameia Rhagiane, Arsace, Khuvar, Choara
Aphidnae Attica, Greece, about 28 km north of Athens Afidnes (Αφιδνές, Αφίδναι) Afidnai
Apollonia Fier region, Albania Apolonia
Apollonia Mygdonia, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Pirgos Apollonias, northern Greece, opposite Thasos abandoned
Apollonia Chalcidice, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Aetolia, north western Greece abandoned
Apollonia Acte peninsular, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia north coast of Crete, near Cnossus abandoned
Apollonia south coast of Crete abandoned
Apollonia Sicily possibly Pollina
Apollonia Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Apollonia Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia ad Rhyndacum Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia Pontica Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Sozopol Antheia, Apollonia, Apollonia Magna
Argos Peloponnese, Greece
Arsuf 15 km north of Tel Aviv, Israel abandoned Arsur, Apollonia
Artanes on the Danube, north west Bulgaria Lom Almus, Lom Palanka
Artemita Babylonia, in the district of Apolloniatis (modern Iraq) abandoned Ἀρτεμίτα
Argyroupoli northern Turkey Gümüşhane
Asine Argolis, Greece destroyed
Asine Messenia, Greece
Asine Laconia, southern Greece Skoutari
Asine Cyprus Asinou (Ασίνου)
Asklepios northern Turkey Iskilip Iskila, Aesculapius, Andrapa, Andrapolis, Blocium, Bloacium, Neoclaudiopolis, Neopolis, İmad, Iskelib, İskelib, Direklibel
Aspendos Antalya, southern Turkey abandoned
Assus Çanakkale, Turkey Behramkale Assos
Astacus western Turkey İzmit Nicomedea, Olbia
Athenai Attica, Greece Athena (Αθήνα)
Athmonia 7 miles north of Athens, Greece abandoned
Aytos eastern Bulgaria Aitos Aetos, Ajtos, Astos, Idos, Akvilia

B

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Baris south western Turkey Isparta
Bhrytos Lebanon Beirut
Borysthenes Ukrainian Black Sea coast Berezan Island Berezan'
Berge Serres, Greece Berge Bergi
Boura Achaea, Greece
Bouthroton (Βουθρωτόν) southern Albania abandoned Butrint, Bouthrotios (Βουθρώτιος), Buthrotum
Brauron Attica, Greece abandoned Vravrona, Vravronas
Byblos Lebanon Byblos Byblos, Gubla, Gebal, Jbeil
Byllis near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Byzantium Bosphorus Strait, western Turkey Istanbul Constantinople, Byzantion
Bythinion western Turkey Bolu Vithinion (Βιθύνιον), Bithynium, Claudiopolis

C

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Callipolis Canakkale, Hellespont Gelibolu Kallipolis, Gallipoli
Cebrene Troad region of Turkey Kebrene, Kevrin, Alexandria (Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια), Antiochia in Troad (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Τρωάδας)
Chalcedon opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar) Kadıköy Chalkedon, Calchedon (Καλχήδων)
Calydon Aetolia, Greece
Carystus near modern Karystos, Euboea, Greece
Chamaizi Crete, Greece [Chamaizi is later Turkish name; ancient name unknown] [Hill is known locally as Souvloto Mouri, ancient Minoan site but possibly not a city]
Chalcis Euboea, Greece Chalkida, Halkida, Halkis, Chalkis
Chersonesos near Sevastopol, Crimea Korsun, Khersones, Chersonese, Chersonesos, Cherson
Chios in the island with the same name, Greece
Chytri Cyprus Kythrea Chytroi (Χύτροι)
Clazomenae near İzmir, in Turkey Kilizman Clazomenae (Κλαζομεναί)
Cleonae Argolis, Greece Archaies Kleones Kontostavlos
Cnidus situated on Datça peninsula, southwestern Turkey Tekir Knidos (Κνίδος)
Colosse Phrygia, Asia Minor (modern Turkey) abandoned Κολλοσσαί, Colossae, Chonae, Kona
Corcyra Corfu island, Greece Corfu Κέρκυρα, Κόρκυρα, Corcyra, Corfu, Corfù, Kérkyra
Corcyra Melaena Korčula island, Dalmatia (part of modern Croatia) Korčula Κόρκυρα Μέλαινα, Kórkyra Mélaina, Corcyra Nigra
Corcyra (Mesopotamia) Kirkuk Gοvernorate, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) Kirkuk Kórkura, Kirkoúk
Croton Calabria, southern Italy Crotone Crotona, Cotrone
Cyme Aeolis, Turkey Namurt Kymi, Phriconis
Cyrene near Shahhat, Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Cythera Ionian Islands, Greece

D

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Decelea (Δεκέλεια) Attica, Greece Dekeleia, Dekelia, Deceleia, Decelia, Tatoi
Delos Cyclades, Greece Dhilos (Δήλος)
Delphi Mount Parnassus, Greece
Demetrias Magnesia, eastern Greece Dimitrias
Dicaearchia Campania, Italy Pozzuoli Pezzulo, Puteoli, Pozzuoli
Dimale Illyria, Albania Dymale
Didyma western Turkey Didim
Dion Mount Olympus, Pieria, northern Greece Dio (Δίο)
Dioscurias Black Sea coast of Abkhazia, Georgia Sukhumi
Dodona Epirus, Greece abandoned Dòdònè (Δωδώνη)
Dorylaion near Eskişehir, Turkey abandoned Dorylaeum
Dyme Achaea, Greece abandoned

E

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Edessa Pella, northern Greece Voden, Vodine, Vodina, Vudena, Vodena
Edessa Mesopotamia, southern Turkey Şanlıurfa Orrha, Orrhoa, Orhāy, Ourhoï, Urha, Ourha, Er Roha, Ar-Ruha, Orfa, Urfa, Ourfa, Sanli Urfa
Elateia Phocis, Greece
Eleusis Attica, Greece
Eleutherna 25 km southeast of Rethymno, Crete Apollonia (Ἀπολλωνία)
Emporion Catalonia, Spain Empúries Palaiapolis, Neapolis
Ephesus Ionia, western Turkey Efes
Ephyra Thesprotia, Greece Kichyros - Κίχυρος
Epidamnos coastal Albania Durres Epidamnos (Επίδαμνος), Dyrhacchion (Δυρράχιον), Dyrrachium, Drach, Drač (Драч), Dıraç. Durazzo
Epidauros Argolis, Greece Epidavros
Eresos Lesbos, Greece Skala Eresou
Eretria Euboea, Greece Eretria
Erythrae Ionia, western Turkey Ildiri Erythrai (Ἐρυθραί), Litri
Eubea Sicily Licodia Eubea

G

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Gangra Çankırı, Turkey Çankırı Germanicopolis (Γερμανικόπολις), Germanopolis (Γερμανόπολις), Changra, Kandari, Kanghari
Gaza Palestinian Territories Gaza
Gela southern Sicily, Italy Gela Terranova di Sicilia
Golgi Cyprus abandoned Golgoi (Γόλγοι)
Gonnos Larissa regional unit, Greece Gonnoi Gonni (Γόννοι), Gonnus
Gorgippia Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Krai, Russia Anapa (Ана́па) Sinda
Gournia Crete, Greece
Gortyn Crete destroyed Gortyna (Γόρτυνα, Γόρτυς, or Γόρτυν)
Gythium Laconia, Greece Gytheio Gýtheion (Γύθειον), Gythio, Githio, Yithion

H

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Hagios Onouphrios Crete, Greece
Hagia Triada Crete, Greece Ayias Triadha
Halicarnassus Caria, Turkey Bodrum Halikarnassós, Alikarnassós (Ἁλικαρνασσός), Halikarnas, Petronium (Πετρώνιον)
Halieis Porto Heli, Argolis abandoned
Helike Achaea, Greece submerged
Heliopolis Lebanon Baalbek Heliopolis, Baalbek, Ἡλιούπολις
Hellespontos Turkey Dardanelles
Helorus south-east coast of Sicily abandoned Heloros, Helorum, Elorus, Ἔλωρος, Ἕλωρος, Eloro
Hēmeroskopeion Province of Alicante, Spain Dénia Ἡμεροσκοπεῖον, Dianium
Heraclea Perinthus western Turkey Marmara Ereğli Heraclea Thraciae, Heraclea (Ἡράκλεια), Heraclea
Heraclea Lucania, Italy abandoned Anglona
Heraclea Dalmatian Coast, Hvar Hvar Heraclea, Heracleia, Heraclia
Heraclea by Latmus near Lake Bafa, Muğla Province, Turkey Kapıkırı Latmus, Λάτμος
Heraclea Cybistra near Ereğli, Turkey abandoned
Heraclea Lyncestis south-western part of North Macedonia Bitola Herakleia Lynkestis
Heraclea Minoa near Montallegro, south coast of Sicily abandoned Hêrakleia Minôia, Rhachlôtês, Heracliensis
Heraclea Pontica Bithynia, Turkey Karadeniz Ereğli
Heraclea Sintica Rupite, Bulgaria abandoned
Heraclea Trachis Euboea, Greece Heraclea Trachis, Heraclea Trachinia
Hermione Peloponnese, Greece Ermioni (Ερμιόνη)
Hermonassa Taman peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia Tmutarakan (Тмутаракань)
Hierapetra Southern Crete, Greece
Hierapolis Pamukkale, western Turkey abandoned Hierapolis (Ἱεράπολις)
Himera northern coast of Sicily abandoned, site subsequently re-settled Thermae, Therma, Thermae Himerenses
Histria Black Sea coast of Romania abandoned Istros (Ιστριη)
Hubla Minor Sicily, Italy abandoned
Hubla Gereatis southern slope of Mount Etna, Sicily abandoned
Hubla Heraea Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Ragusa Hibla, Heresium, Rogos, Rakkusa
Hyele Campania, Italy Velia Elea

I

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Ialysos Rhodes
Iasus Caria, south-west Turkey abandoned Iassus (Iασoς, Iασσoς), Askem, Asýn Kalessi
Idalium Cyprus Dali Idalion (Ιδάλιον)
Imbros Greek island in northern Aegean Sea Gökçeada İmroz, Imvros (Ίμβρος)
Iolcus Thessaly, eastern Greece Iolkos (Ιωλκός)
Itanos North-eastern Crete Erimopolis
Ithaca island in the Ionian Sea Ithaka, Ithaki, (Ιθάκη)

J

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Juktas Crete, Greece

K

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Kaiete Campania, Italy Gaeta Caiete, Caieta, Kaieta
Kallipolis Caria, south-western Turkey
Kallipolis Hellespont, north-western Turkey Gelibolu Gallipoli
Kallipolis Apulia, southern Italy Gallipoli Callipolis
Kamares Crete, Greece
Kameiros Rhodes, Greece
Kannia Crete, Greece
Kamarina south-eastern coast of Sicily abandoned Camarina, Kamerina
Kasmenai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily abandoned Casmene, Kasmene
Katane east coast of Sicily Catania Katánē (Κατάνη), Catăna, Catĭna, Balad-al-Fil, Medinat-al-Fil, Wadi Musa, Qataniyah
Kerkinitida Crimea, Ukraine Yevpatoria Eupatoria (Євпаторія, Евпатория), Kezlev, Kerkinitis, Gözleve
Kepoi Taman Peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia abandoned, submerged Cepoi (Κήποι, Кепы)
Kimmerikon Kerch Peninsula, Crimea abandoned Cimmericum Crimea
Kios Sea of Marmara, Bithynia, north-western Turkey abandoned Cius-Kios (Kίος, Kείος), Keios, Prusa, Prusias, Prusias ad Mare
Klazomenai Ionia, Western Turkey Urla Clazomenae
Knidos Caria
Knossos Crete abandoned Knossus, Cnossus (Κνωσός)
Korinthos Korinthia, Greece Archea Korinthos
Kos island of the Dodecanese, off Bodrum Cos (Κως), İstanköy, Coo, Stanchio
Kourion Cyprus Curium, Curias (Κούριον)
Kúmē Campania, Italy abandoned
Kydonia Crete, Greece Chania Cydonia
Kynos Boeotia, Greece Livanates Cynus, Kunos
Kyrenia Cyprus Girne

L

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Lamia central Greece Zetounion (Ζητούνιον), Zitouni (Ζητούνι), Zirtounion, Zitonion, Girton, El Cito
Lampsacus Troad, Turkey Lapseki Lampsakos (Λάμψακος), Pityusa, Pityussa, Pituousa (Πιτυουσα), Pituoussa (Πιτυουσσα)
Laodicea in Syria Syrian coast Latakia Laodicea ad Mare, Latakiyah, Al-Ladhiqiyah, Laodikeia, Laodiceia, Lazkiye, Laodicea ad Mare
Laodicea on the Lycus Lydia, Turkey destroyed Diospolis, Rhoas, Claudiolaodicea, Laodicea ad Lycum, Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea in Media western Iran Nahavand Laodicea in Persis, Antiochia Nahavand, Nahāvand (نهاوند), Nahavend, Nahawand, Nehavand, Nihavand, Nehavend, Mah-Nahavand, Laodicea (Λαοδικεια), Ladhiqiyya, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes (Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antiochia in Media (Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand, Niphaunda
Laodicea Combusta Lycaonia, Turkey abandoned Laodicea Catacecaumene, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodikeia Katakekaumenê, Claudiolaodicea
Laodicea ad Libanum Coele-Syria abandoned Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Cabrosa, Scabrosa, Cabiosa Laodiceia
Laodicea Arcadia, Greece Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea Pontica Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Laodiceia and Laodikeia
Laodicea Mesopotamia, Iraq lost Laodikeia, Laodiceia
Laodicea in Phoenicia Lebanon Beirut Laodicea in Canaan, Berytus
Lapithos Cyprus Lapta
Larissa Thessaly, Greece Yenişehr-i Fenar, Lárisa
Larissa Troad, Turkey abandoned
Lato Crete, Greece
Laüs Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Laus, Laos (Λᾶος)
Lebena Crete, Greece
Lefkada island in the Ionian Sea
Lekhaion Corinthia, Greece
Leibethra Macedonia, Greece
Leontinoi southeastern Sicily Lentini Lintini, Leontinoi, Leontini and Leontium
Lepreum Elis, Greece abandoned Lepreon, Lepreus
Lessa Epidauria, Greece abandoned
Lilaea Boeotia, Greece Lilaea
Lindus Rhodes Lindos
Lissus northwest Albania Lezhë Lezha, Lyssòs (Λυσσος), Alessio, Leş, Lissos
Epizephyrian Locris Calabria, southern Italy destroyed Locri

M

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Madytos Eceabat (Town) abandoned Maitos, Madyta,
Magnesia on the Maeander Ionia, western Turkey, on the Maeander river abandoned Magnesia ad Maeandrum
Magnesia ad Sipylum Lydia, western Turkey Manisa Magnesia on the Sipylum
Mallia Crete, Greece
Mantineia Arcadia, Greece abandoned Mantinea, Antigonia (Αντιγόνεια)
Marathon Attica, Greece Marathónas (Μαραθώνας), Marathōn (Μαραθών)
Marmara Balıkesir, Western Turkey Marmara
Maroneia Maroneia, Eastern Thrace Maroneia Maronya
Masis Epidauria, Greece Kranidi
Massalia southern France Marseille Massilia
Megalopolis Arcadia, Greece Sinanou (Σινάνο)
Megara Attica, Greece
Megara Hublaea near Augusta, eastern Sicily destroyed
Mesembria Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Nesebar Menebria, Mesimvria (Μεσήμβρια), Mesimvria
Messene southern Greece
Metapontum Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Metapontium (Μεταπόντιον)
Methana Epidauria, Greece Vathy
Methone Messenia, southern Greece Mothoni (Μοθώνη), Modon
Methumna Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea Mithymna (Μήθυμνα), Molyvos, Molivos
Miletos Aydin, Turkey, Balat abandoned Milētos, Millawanda, Milawata, Miletus, Milet
Misenum Campania, Italy Miseno
Mochlos Crete, Greece
Monastiraki Crete, Greece abandoned
Morgantina central Sicily abandoned Murgantia, Morgantium, Μοργάντιον, Μοργαντίνη, Murgentia, Morgentia
Mulai Sicily, Italy Milazzo
Mukenai north-eastern Argolis, near Mykines abandoned Mykēnē, Mykēnai
Mylasa Caria, south-western Turkey Milas
Myndus Caria, western Turkey Gümüşlük Myndos (Μύνδος)
Myonia Phocis, Greece Agia Efthymia Myania, Mynia
Myra Lycia, Turkey Demre Kale
Myrmekion Crimea, Ukraine abandoned Myrmēkion (Μυρμηκιων, Мирмекий)
Mutilene Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea
Myos Ionia, Anatolia abandoned

N

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Nauplíos Nafplio, Argolis Nafpion Nafpio, Nauplia, Navplion, Naupliē, Nauplia, Náfplion, Anáplion, Anáplia, Napoli di Romania, Mora Yenişehir, Anabolı, Yeni şehir, Náfplion
Naucratis Nile Delta, Egypt Naukratis (Ναύκρατις)
Naupactus Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece Nafpaktos (Ναύπακτος, Έπαχτος), Naupactos, İnebahtı, Lepanto
Naxos Crete abandoned
Naxos Sicily Giardini Naxos Giaddini
Neapoli northern Greece Kavala Christoupolis, Morunets
Neapolis Pallene, Chalcidice, Greece Polychrono Polyhrono, Polichrono, Polihrono (Πολύχρονο), Polyhronon, Polihronon
Neapolis Sardinia, Italy abandoned Nabui
Neapolis Apulia, Italy Polignano a Mare
Neapolis Campania, Italy Naples Napoli, Napule
Nemea Archaia Nemea, Argolis abandoned
Nicaea Bithynia, north-western Turkey Iznik Ancore, Helicore, Antigoneia (Αντιγόνεια), Nikaia, Nicæa
Nicaea southern France Nice Niça, Nissa, Nizza, Nizza Marittima
Nicopolis Epirus, Greece abandoned Actia Nicopolis, Palaia Preveza
Nirou Chani Crete, Greece Minoan city
Nymphaion Crimea, Ukraine Nymphaeum
Nysa western Turkey abandoned

O

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Oenoe (Οινόη) northern Turkey Ünye Oene
Oenoe Argolis, Greece Oene
Oenoe Attica, Greece Oene
Oenus Laconia, Greece
Odessos coastal Ukraine Odessa Khadjibey, Khadjibei, Khacdjibei, Hacıbey, Hocabey, Gadzhibei, Chadžibėjus, Hacıbey
Odessos coastal Bulgaria Varna
Olbia Sardinia Civita, Terranova Pausania
Olbia Ukrainian Black Sea coast abandoned Pontic Olbia, Olvia
Olous near Elounda, Crete drowned Olus (Ὄλους, Ὄλουλις)
Olympia Elis, Greece abandoned Olympí'a (Ολυμπία), Olýmpia (Ολύμπια), Olimpia, Olimbia
Olynthus Chalcidice, northern Greece destroyed
Opus Boeotia, Greece Atalanti Opous
Orchomenus (Boeotia) Boeotia, Greece
Oricos Epirus, near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Orestias Turkish Thrace abandoned
Oreus northern Euboea
Oropus Attica, Greece Oropos (Ωρωπός)
Onchesmos Epirus, southern Albania Sarandë Anchiasmos, Άγιοι Σαράντα, Agioi Saranda, Turkish: Aya Sarandi

P

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Pactye Thracian Chersonesos, Turkey abandoned
Pagasae Magnesia, central Greece Platanos, central Greece
Palaikastro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pandosia Epirus, Greece abandoned
Pandosia Bruttium, Italy abandoned
Pandosia Lucania, Italy abandoned
Panticapaeum Taurica, eastern Crimea, Ukraine Kerch Παντικάπαιον
Paphos Cyprus
Parium Mysia, Hellespont Kemer (Town) Parion, Adrasteia, Adrastea
Paros Greek island in Aegean Sea Paros Plateia, Pactia, Demetrias, Strongyli, Hyria, Hyleessa, Minoa, Cabarnis
Parthenope Port of Neapolis, Campania Naples
Patrae Achaea, Greece Patrai Pátra (Πάτρα) Patrae
Pavlopetri Laconia, Greece submerged
Pegai Megaris, Greece abandoned
Pelion (Chaonia) Chaonia, Epirus ? Pelion, Pellion, Pelium (Πέλλιον)
Peiraieús Attica, Greece Piraeus Peiraiás, Peiraieús (Πειραιεύς)
Pella Macedon, Greece abandoned
Percote Asian Hellespont, Northeast of Troy abandoned Percope
Pergamum Mysia, Turkey Bergama Pergamon (Πέργαμος)
Petsofa Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phaistos Crete, Greece
Phálēron Attica, Greece Palaio Faliro Phaleron, Phalerum
Phanagoria Cimmerian Bosporus, Ukraine abandoned Matrega
Pharae
Pharnacia northern Turkey Giresun
Pharos Croatian island Hvar Hvor, For, Pharina, Lesina
Phaselis Lycia, Turkey abandoned
Philippi near Kavala, Greece Filippoi
Pithekussa island in Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy Ischia
Philippopolis southern Bulgaria Plovdiv Pulpudeva(reconstructed Thracian,uncertain), Eumolpias, Philippoupoli, Philippoupolis (Φιλιππούπολη, Φιλιππούπολις), Trimontium, Paldin (Пълдин). Plavdiv (Плъвдив), Filibe
Platanos Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phlius Argolid, Greece abandoned
Pherae Thessaly, Greece abandoned
Phocaea western Turkey Foça Phokaia (Φώκαια)
Pinara Lycia, Turkey abandoned Pilleñni (τὰ Πίναρα)
Pisa Elis, Greece
Pitane Çandarlı, Turkey abandoned
Pitiunt Abkhazia, Black Sea coast Pitsunda Bichvinta, Pezonda
Pixous Campania, Italy Policastro Bussentino Pixunte
Plataea Boeotia, Greece destroyed Plataeae
Poseidonia Campania, Italy Paestum Paestum
Potidaea Chalcidice, Greece destroyed Potidaia (Ποτίδαια), Potidea
Priapus Canakkale, western Turkey Karabiga
Priene Ionia, western Turkey abandoned
Prousa north-western Turkey Bursa Prussa (Προύσα), Brusa
Pseira Crete, Greece Minoan city
Psychro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pteleum Thessaly, Greece destroyed
Pydna Macedon location disputed Púdna (Πύδνα), Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon
Pylos western Peloponnese, Greece Pílos (Πύλος), Navarino, Avarino (Αβαρίνος), Zonklon, Anavarin, Neokastron, Avarmus, Abarinus, Albarinos, Albaxinus, Avarinos, Coryphasium, Iverin, Nelea, Port de Jonc, Porto Giunco, Zunchio.
Pyrgos Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Burgas
Pyrgos Northern Crete, Greece Minoan city

R

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Rhamnus northern Attica, Greece abandoned Rhamnous
Rhegion (Ρήγιoν) "toe of Italy", Calabria, southern Italy Reggio Calabria Erythrà (Ερυθρά), Rhegium Julium
Rhithymna Northern Crete, Greece Rethymon
Rhodes Rhodes, Greece Ródos (Ρόδος),
Rhypes, (Ῥύπες) Achaia, Greece destroyed
Rizinia Crete abandoned Prinias, Rize, Rhizenia

S

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Salamis Cyprus abandoned
Same (Σάμη) island in the Ionian Sea, Greece
Samos in the island with the same name, Greece
Scyllaeum Calabria, Italy Scilla
Selinus south-west coast of Sicily, Italy abandoned-Marinella di Selinunte Selinunte
Seleucia Pieria (Σελεύκεια Πιερία) south-eastern Turkey Çevlik[1] Seleukia Pieria, Seleukia
Semasus Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Amasra Cromna, Amastris
Sestos Eceabat, Turkey, North of Abydos Sestus
Scidrus (Σκίδρος) Lucania, Italy location uncertain
Sicyon (Σικυών) northern Peloponnese, Greece abandoned
Side Pamphylia, Turkey abandoned Eski Adalia, Old Antalya
Sidon Lebanon Sidon Σιδών, Sidon, Saïda
Siteia Crete, Greece
Sinope (Σινώπη) Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Sinop
Siris (the Paeonian or the Odomanteian) Serres, Macedonia, Greece Serres Serrai (Katharevousa), Serras (local dialect, archaic form), Sirra (Roman era and Theopompus), Serez or Siroz (in Turkish), Ser (in Serbian and Bulgarian), Syar (in Bulgarian)
Sklavokampos Crete, Greece
Smyrna near Izmir, western Turkey abandoned Old Smyrna
Soli Cyprus abandoned Soloi
Sozopolis Pisidia, Turkey abandoned Apollonia
Sparta southern part of the Peloponnese, Greece Sparti Lakedaimon (Λακεδαίμων), Lakedaimonia (Λακεδαιμωνία), Σπάρτα, Σπάρτη, Spartē.
Stagirus Chalcidice, Greece abandoned Stageira (Στάγειρα), Stagira (Στάγιρα), Stagiros (Στάγιρος), Stageiros (Στάγειρος)
Stratos Stratos
Stymphalos Corinthia, Greece Stymfalia
Sybaris near Sibari, Gulf of Taranto, Italy destroyed
Surakousai east-coast of Sicily, Italy Syracuse Siracusai, Aretusa.

T

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Taras (Τάρᾱς) southern Italy Taranto Tarentum, Tarantas (Τάραντας)
Tanagra Boeotia, Greece Poimandria
Tanais north-eastern Sea of Azov, Russia Tanaisto Tánaïs (Τάναϊς)
Tauromenion (Ταυρομένιον) east coast of Sicily Taormina Taurmina, Tauromenium
Tegea Arcadia, Greece Alea
Temnos Aeolis, Turkey abandoned
Tenedos Turkish island in northern Aegean Sea Bozcaada Bozca ada, Tenedhos (Τένεδος)
Tenea Corinthia, Peloponnese Municipal unit of Tenea
Teos (Τέως) Ionia, western Turkey abandoned Teo
Thapsos Sicily, Italy abandoned
Thassos, Θάσος Macedonia (Greece)-Thrace, Greece Thassos, Greece Limenas, Λιμένας
Thebai Boeotia,Greece Thēbai (Θῆβαι), Thiva (Θήβα)
Theodosia (Θεοδοσία) Crimea, Ukraine Feodosiya (Феодосія, Феодосия) Kefe, Feodosia
Therma Mygdonia, Greece Therme (Θέρμα, Θέρμη)
Thespiae Boeotia, Greece abandoned Thespiai (Θεσπιαι)
Thronium Epirus, Greece - likely in Albania abandoned Thronium
Thoricus southern Attica, Greece abandoned Thorico
Thurii (Θούριοι) Magna Graecia, southern Italy abandoned Thurium (Θούριον), Copia, Copiae, Turios, Thurio Magna Graecia
Thyreum
Thyria South of Izmir, Turkey Tire
Tiruns Argolis, Peloponnese abandoned
Tithoraea Boeotia, Greece Kato Tithorea
Tomis Black Sea coast of Romania Constanţa Konstantia, Köstence
Tragurion Vis, Croatia Trogir Traù, Tragurium, Trau
Trapeze Crete, Greece
Trapezus, Arcadia Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey Trabzon Trapezounta (Τραπεζούντα)
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Lebanon Tripoli
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Libya Tripoli
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Tirebolu Ischopolis
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Thessaly, Greece Tripolis Larisaia
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Phrygia abandoned Neapolis, Apollonia, Antoninopolis
Troizen (Τροιζήν) northeastern Peloponnese, Greece abandoned Troizina, Trizina
Troliton Sicily, Italy abandoned
Troy Dardanelles, north-eastern Turkey Truva Troia (Τροία), Ilion (Ἴλιον), Īlium, Wilusa, Truwisa, Hisarlık
Tylissos Crete, Greece
Tyras Ukrainian Black Sea coast Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi[2] Cetatea Albă
Tyros Lebanon Tyre Τύρος, Tyre, Sur
Tyritake (Τυριτάκη) Crimea, Cimmerian Bosporus abandoned

V

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Vasiliki Minoan city in Crete, Greece
Vathypetros Minoan city in Crete, Greece

Z

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Zakynthos Zante
Zakros Crete, Greece Minoan city Zakro
Zankle Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy Messina Messene, Messana

See also

References

  1. ^ Seleucia in Pieria, Ancient Warfare Magazine
  2. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 15.
Artemita

Artemita (Ancient Greek: Ἀρτεμίτα) or Artemita in Apolloniatis was a Greek city in what is now eastern Iraq that flourished under the Parthian Empire.

Though its exact location is not known, it was located on the major route to Khorasan, between Seleucia and the Zagros Mountains. According to Isidore of Charax, it was crossed by the river Sillas (Diyala) and was located about 82 km from Seleucia, and was also known as Chalasar. It was originally a Greek (Macedonian) foundation, but was later considered Parthian. In AD 31, It welcomed the Arsacid pretender Tiridates II.

Artemita was the birthplace of the historian Apollodorus of Artemita.

Canae

Canae (Ancient Greek: Κάναι; Turkish: Kane) was, in classical antiquity, a city in ancient Aeolis, on the island of Argennusa in the Aegean Sea off the modern Dikili Peninsula on the coast of modern-day Turkey, near the modern village of Bademli. Today Argennusa has joined the mainland as the Kane Promontory off the Dikili Peninsula. Canae is famous as the site of the Battle of Arginusae in 406 B.C.Canae is mentioned by the ancient writers Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny, Livy, Ptolemy, Sappho, Thucydides, and Mela.

Daseae

Daseae or Daseai (Ancient Greek: Δασέαι), also known as Dasea (Δασέα), was a town of ancient Arcadia in the district Parrhasia. It was situated on the road from Megalopolis to Phigalea, 7 stadia from Macareae, and 29 stadia from Megalopolis. It was in ruins in the time of Pausanias (2nd century), as its inhabitants had been removed to Megalopolis upon the foundation of the latter (371 BCE). Its name was apparently derived from the thick woods.Its site is tentatively located near the modern Apiditsa.

History of Greece

The history of Greece encompasses the history of the territory of the modern nation state of Greece as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they inhabited and ruled historically. The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied throughout the ages and as a result the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes. Generally, the history of Greece is divided into the following periods:

Neolithic Greece covering a period beginning with the establishment of agricultural societies in 7000 BC and ending in 3200/3100 BC,

Helladic (Minoan or Bronze Age) chronology covering a period beginning with the transition to a metal-based economy in 3200/3100 BC to the rise and fall of the Mycenaean Greek palaces spanning roughly five centuries (1600–1100 BC),

Ancient Greece covering a period from the fall of the Mycenaean civilization in 1100 BC to 146 BC spanning multiple sub-periods including the Greek Dark Ages (or Iron Age, Homeric Age), Archaic period, the Classical period and the Hellenistic period,

Roman Greece covering a period from the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC to 324 AD,

Byzantine Greece covering a period from the establishment of the capital city of Byzantium, Constantinople, in 324 AD until the fall of Constantinople in 1453 AD,

Ottoman Greece covering a period from 1453 up until the Greek Revolution of 1821,

Modern Greece covering a period from 1821 to the present.At its cultural and geographical peak, Greek civilization spread from Egypt all the way to the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan. Since then, Greek minorities have remained in former Greek territories (e.g. Turkey, Albania, Italy, Libya, Levant, Armenia, Georgia) and Greek emigrants have assimilated into differing societies across the globe (e.g. North America, Australia, Northern Europe, South Africa). Nowadays most Greeks live in the modern states of Greece (independent since 1821) and Cyprus.

Hēmeroskopeion

Hēmeroskopeion (Ancient Greek: Ἡμεροσκοπεῖον) was an ancient Greek city.Its location is unknown but it has been suggested by some scholars (and rejected by others) that it existed on what is now the city of Dénia, the judicial seat of the comarca of Marina Alta in the province of Alicante, which is a division of the Valencian Community, Spain. Its name means watchtower in Greek and it reflects the first use of the lofty promontory as such. According to Strabo it was a small city and was founded by the Massaliot Greeks together with another two neighbouring and equally small cities, the names of which have not survived. The city was later conquered by the Romans and it was named Dianium, whence the modern name. This town was situated on the cape then called Artemisium (Ancient Greek: Ἀρτεμίσιον) or Dianium (Ancient Greek: Διάνιον), named from a temple of Ephesia Artemis built upon it (goddess Artemis was called Diana in Latin). Apart from its strategic location the city was equally important for the iron mines that existed nearby.

List of ancient Greeks

This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD.

List of cities in Greece

Two-thirds of the Greek people live in urban areas. Greece's largest metropolitan centers and most influential urban areas, are those of Athens and Thessaloniki with metropolitan populations of approximately four million and one million inhabitants respectively. The table below, using the Publication of Revised 2011 Census Tables about the final population, lists the largest cities in Greece, by population size.

List of cities in ancient Epirus

This is a list of cities in ancient Epirus. These were Greek poleis, komes or fortresses except for Nicopolis, which was founded by Octavian. Classical Epirus was divided into three regions: Chaonia, Molossia, Thesprotia, each named after the dominant tribe that lived there. A number of ancient settlements in these regions remain unidentified.

List of pre-modern states

This article lists the many extinct states, countries, nations, empires or territories from Ancient History to just before the Early Modern period, grouped geographically. For the purposes of this list, the Early Modern period begins at the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. For earlier civilizations, see prehistory.

Oricum

Oricum or Orikon (Ancient Greek: Ὤρικον) or Oricus or Orikos (Ancient Greek: Ὤρικος or Ὠρικός) was an ancient Greek city in the northern part of Epirus (modern south Albania), at the south end of the Bay of Vlorë. The city is an Archaeological Park of Albania.

Outline of classical studies

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to classical studies:

Classical studies (Classics for short) – earliest branch of the humanities, which covers the languages, literature, history, art, and other cultural aspects of the ancient Mediterranean world. The field focuses primarily on, but is not limited to, Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome during classical antiquity, the era spanning from the late Bronze Age of Ancient Greece during the Minoan and Mycenaean periods (c. 1600-1100 BCE) through the period known as Late Antiquity to the fall of the Western Roman Empire, c. 500 CE. The word classics is also used to refer to the literature of the period.

Paroreia (Arcadia)

Paroreia (Ancient Greek: Παρώρεια) or Paroria (Παρωρία) was a town of ancient Arcadia, Greece, in the region of Eutresia. It was located near the present village Trilofo, in the municipal unit of Megalopoli. According to Greek mythology, Paroreia was founded by Paroreus, a son of Tricolonus. It was 10 stades from Zoetia, and 15 stades from Thyraeum. It was already abandoned when Pausanias visited the area in the 2nd century.

Policastro Bussentino

Policastro Bussentino (or simply Policastro) is an Italian town and hamlet (frazione) of the municipality of Santa Marina (of which it is the its seat) in the province of Salerno, Campania region. It is a former bishopric, now titular see, and has a population of 1,625.

Polis

Polis (; Greek: πόλις pronounced [pólis]), plural poleis (, πόλεις [póleːs]) literally means city in Greek. It can also mean a body of citizens. In modern historiography, polis is normally used to indicate the ancient Greek city-states, like Classical Athens and its contemporaries, and thus is often translated as "city-state". These cities consisted of a fortified city centre (asty) built on an acropolis or harbor and controlled surrounding territories of land (khôra).

The Ancient Greek city-state developed during the Archaic period as the ancestor of city, state, and citizenship and persisted (though with decreasing influence) well into Roman times, when the equivalent Latin word was civitas, also meaning "citizenhood", while municipium applied to a non-sovereign local entity. The term "city-state", which originated in English (alongside the German Stadtstaat), does not fully translate the Greek term. The poleis were not like other primordial ancient city-states like Tyre or Sidon, which were ruled by a king or a small oligarchy, but rather political entities ruled by their bodies of citizens. The traditional view of archaeologists—that the appearance of urbanization at excavation sites could be read as a sufficient index for the development of a polis—was criticised by François Polignac in 1984 and has not been taken for granted in recent decades: the polis of Sparta, for example, was established in a network of villages. The term polis, which in archaic Greece meant "city", changed with the development of the governance center in the city to signify "state" (which included its surrounding villages). Finally, with the emergence of a notion of citizenship among landowners, it came to describe the entire body of citizens. The ancient Greeks did not always refer to Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and other poleis as such; they often spoke instead of the Athenians, Lacedaemonians, Thebans and so on. The body of citizens came to be the most important meaning of the term polis in ancient Greece.

The Greek term that specifically meant the totality of urban buildings and spaces is asty (ἄστυ).

Trapezus (Arcadia)

Trapezus or Trapezous (Ancient Greek: Τραπεζοῦς), also known as Trapezuntus or Trapezountos (Τραπεζοῦντος), was a town of ancient Arcadia, in the district Parrhasia, a little to the left of the river Alpheius. It is said to have derived its name from its founder Trapezeus, the son of Lycaon, or from trapeza (τράπεζα, 'a table') because Zeus here overturned the table on which Lycaon offered him human food. It was the royal residence of Hippothous, who transferred the seat of government from Tegea to Trapezus. On the foundation of Megalopolis, in 371 BCE, the inhabitants of Trapezus refused to remove to the new city; and having thus incurred the anger of the other Arcadians, they quitted Peloponnesus, and took refuge in Trapezus on the Pontus Euxeinus (modern Trabzon), where they were received as a kindred people. The statues of some of their gods were removed to Megalopolis, where they were seen by Pausanias.Its site is located near modern Mavria, in the municipal unit of Gortyna.

Velia

Velia was the Roman name of an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It was founded by Greeks from Phocaea as Hyele (Ancient Greek: Ὑέλη) around 538–535 BC. The name later changed to Ele and then Elea (; Ancient Greek: Ἐλέα) before it became known by its current Latin and Italian name during the Roman era. Its ruins are located in the Cilento region near the modern village Velia, which was named after the ancient city. The village is a frazione of the comune Ascea in the Province of Salerno, Campania, Italy.

The city was known for being the home of the philosophers Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, as well as the Eleatic school of which they were a part. The site of the acropolis of ancient Elea was once a promontory called Castello a Mare, meaning "castle on the sea" in Italian. It now lies inland and was renamed to Castellammare della Bruca in the Middle Ages.

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