List of World Heritage Sites in the Netherlands

This is a list of World Heritage Sites in the Netherlands with properties of cultural and natural heritage in the Netherlands as inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list.[1] The Netherlands, with an extension to Curaçao,[note 1] accepted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on 26 August 1992, after which it could nominate properties on their territory to be considered for the World Heritage List.[2]

Currently, 10 properties in the Netherlands and Curaçao are inscribed on the World Heritage List. Nine of these are cultural properties and one is a natural property.[1] The first was added to the list in 1995 and the latest in 2014. Eight properties are in the Netherlands, one is in Curaçao, and one is in both the Netherlands and Germany.[note 2] The tentative list of the Netherlands contains eight properties, all of which were submitted on 17 August 2011.[1] The nomination of an additional property on the tentative list, Teylers, Haarlem, was withdrawn at the request of the Netherlands during the 37th Session of the World Heritage Committee in 2013 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia after ICOMOS determined that the site did not suitably meet the criteria.[3]

The names in the tables below are the names of the properties as used on the website of UNESCO.[1] There are three different types of properties possible: cultural, natural, and mixed.[note 3] Selection criteria i, ii, iii, iv, v, and vi are the cultural criteria, and selection criteria vii, viii, ix, and x are the natural criteria.[4] The years for the properties on the World Heritage List are the years of inscription, the years for the tentative list are those of submission. The numbers are the reference numbers as used by UNESCO, and they link directly to the description pages of the properties on the UNESCO website.[1]

Location of UNESCO World Heritage sites within Curaçao

Properties on the World Heritage List

ID Image Name Location Type (criteria) Year Description
739 Church Schokland Museum Schokland and Surroundings Noordoostpolder, Flevoland

52°38′19″N 5°46′18″E / 52.63861°N 5.77167°E[5]

Cultural (iii, v)[5] 1995[5] Schokland symbolizes the struggle of the people of the Netherlands against the sea. It was an inhabited peninsula since pre-historic times, it became an island in the 15th century, until it was completely encroached by the Zuiderzee in 1859. In the 1940s the Noordoostpolder was created and consequently Schokland was reclaimed.[5]
759 Fort bij Vijfhuizen Defence Line of Amsterdam North Holland and Utrecht

52°22′28″N 4°53′35″E / 52.37444°N 4.89306°E[6]

Cultural (ii, iv, v)[6] 1996[6] The defence line around the Dutch capital Amsterdam was built between 1883 and 1920. It is the only fortification that is based on the principle of controlling the waters around a city. It contains a network of 45 armed forts and can temporarily flood polders extending 135 kilometers around Amsterdam.[6]
818 Windmills of Kinderdijk (7) Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout Alblasserdam and Nieuw-Lekkerland, South Holland

51°52′57″N 4°38′58″E / 51.88250°N 4.64944°E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1997
819 Handelskade Willemstad Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao Willemstad, Curaçao[note 4]

12°6′6.984″N 68°54′7.99″W / 12.10194000°N 68.9022194°W

Cultural (ii, iv, v) 1997
867 Woudagemaal-the-Netherlands Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) Lemmer, Lemsterland, Friesland

52°50′44.988″N 5°40′44.00″E / 52.84583000°N 5.6788889°E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1998
899
A Beemsterlants Caerte Daniël van Breen 1658
Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder) Beemster, North Holland

52°32′56″N 4°54′40″E / 52.54889°N 4.91111°E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1999
965 Rietveld Schröderhuis HayKranen-20 Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House) Utrecht, Utrecht

52°5′7″N 5°8′50″E / 52.08528°N 5.14722°E

Cultural (i, ii) 2000
1314 Waddenzee zon The Wadden Sea Friesland, Groningen, and North Holland[note 2]

53°23′27″N 5°39′57″E / 53.39083°N 5.66583°E

Natural (viii, ix, x) 2009
1349 Amsterdam airphoto Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht Amsterdam, North Holland

52°21′54″N 4°53′16″E / 52.36500°N 4.88778°E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 2010
1441 Rotterdam van nelle fabriek Van Nelle Factory Rotterdam, South Holland 51°55′24″N 4°26′00″E / 51.92333°N 4.43333°E Cultural (ii, iv) 2014

The Netherlands’s tentative list

ID Image Name Location Type (criteria) Year Description
5627 Lactophrys polygonia Bonaire Marine Park Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands[note 5]

12°10′N 68°15′W / 12.167°N 68.250°W

Natural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5629 FranekerPlanetarium Eise Eisinga Planetarium Franeker, Friesland

53°11′15″N 5°32′38″E / 53.18750°N 5.54389°E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5630 Wilhelminalaan 88 Frederiksoord Koloniën van Weldadigheid (agricultural pauper colony) Veenhuizen, Noordenveld, Drenthe

53°01′N 6°23′E / 53.017°N 6.383°E Frederiksoord/Wilhelminaoord, Westerveld, Drenthe
52°50′N 6°11′E / 52.833°N 6.183°E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5631 Naarden kl Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie Gelderland, North Brabant, North Holland, South Holland, and Utrecht

52°20′14″N 5°4′12″E / 52.33722°N 5.07000°E 51°47′57″N 4°52′06″E / 51.79917°N 4.86833°E

Natural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5632 Plantagehuisje Ascersion Plantations in West Curaçao Curaçao[note 4]

12°20′32″N 69°05′38″W / 12.34222°N 69.09389°W

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5633 Zonstrhoofd02achter Sanatorium Zonnestraal Hilversum, North Holland

52°12′02″N 5°09′11″E / 52.20056°N 5.15306°E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 2011
5636 Romeinse wachttoren fort vechten netherlands Frontiers of the Roman Empire (extension) Gelderland, South Holland, and Utrecht

52°12′44″N 4°23′52″E / 52.21222°N 4.39778°E 51°51′55″N 6°03′49″E / 51.86528°N 6.06361°E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011

Previous tentative-list sites

List of sites whose nomination was not approved by the World Heritage Committee.

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location: city or location of site
UNESCO data: Site reference number, the year the site was inscribed on the tentative list, and the criteria it was listed under
Withdrawal of nomination: Year, World Heritage Committee Session
Reason: Reason(s) inscription was not recommended
Name Image Location UNESCO data Withdrawal of nomination Reason(s)
Teylers, Haarlem Teylersmuseum Haarlem, North Holland 5634 (2011) i, iii, iv 2013, 37th Session (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) Site did not demonstrate how, without a considerable number of detailed qualifiers, it could be seen as the most exceptional example among the many learning institutions of the European Age of Enlightenment, which have been preserved.[7]
Island of Saba Saba School of Medicine Saba, Caribbean Netherlands[note 6]

17°38′N 63°14′W / 17.633°N 63.233°W

5628 (2011) Natural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2019 Removed from tentative list but no official reason has been announced yet.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Netherlands and Curaçao are both constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  2. ^ a b The Wadden Sea is located in the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark, but only the Dutch and German parts are inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  3. ^ There are no mixed properties in the Netherlands and Curaçao on the World Heritage List or on the country's tentative list.
  4. ^ a b Curaçao is a constitute country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean.
  5. ^ Bonaire is a special municipality of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean.
  6. ^ Saba is a special municipality of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Netherlands. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  2. ^ State Parties. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  3. ^ "Decisions Adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 37TH Session WHC-13/37.COM/20, Decision: 37 COM 8B.36" (PDF).
  4. ^ The Criteria. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2009-07-23.
  5. ^ a b c d Schokland and Surroundings. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2012-01-22.
  6. ^ a b c d Defence Line of Amsterdam. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2012-01-22.
  7. ^ "Evaluations of Nominations of Cultural and Mixed Properties WHC-13/37.COM/INF.8B1, pg. 197" (PDF).
Index of Netherlands Antilles-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the former nation of the Netherlands Antilles.

List of World Heritage Sites in Western Europe

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated 132 World Heritage Sites in Western Europe. These sites are located in 9 countries (also called "state parties"); France and Germany are home to the most with 37 and 43, while Liechtenstein and Monaco have no sites. There are ten sites which are shared between state parties both in and out of Western Europe. The first site from the region to be included on the list was the Aachen Cathedral in Germany in 1978, the year of the list's conception.Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x). Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Western Europe, there are 121 cultural, 9 natural, and 2 mixed sites.The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." Presently, none of the sites in Western Europe are currently listed as endangered, though two German sites were previously listed: the Cologne Cathedral was marked as endangered in 2004 due to the construction of several high-rise buildings around it, but it was removed from the list in 2006; and the Dresden Elbe Valley site was listed in 2006 in hopes of halting the construction of the four lane Waldschlösschen Bridge through the valley. When construction continued as planned, it became the second site to be delisted as a World Heritage in 2009, the first being Oman's Arabian Oryx Sanctuary two years earlier.

Lists of World Heritage Sites

This is a list of lists of World Heritage Sites. A World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having special cultural or physical significance.

Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed

Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed (RCE, Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands) often abbreviated as Cultureel Erfgoed, is a Dutch heritage organisation working for the protection and conservation of National Heritage Sites. It is located in Amersfoort, province of Utrecht.

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