List of World Heritage Sites in Greece

There are currently 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Greece.[1] Of these, 16 are inscribed based on "cultural" criteria, while the remaining two (Mount Athos, Meteora) are inscribed for meeting both "cultural" and "natural" criteria. Five of the sites are located on islands, one is distributed between the islands and the mainland, with the remaining 12 exclusively on the mainland. This first site to be inscribed was the Temple of Apollo at Bassae in 1986, the most recent is the Philippi, inscribed in 2016. There are an additional 14 sites on the tentative list.

World Heritage Sites

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

Name; as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location; in one of Greece's regions, with co-ordinates provided by UNESCO
Period; time period of significance, typically of construction
UNESCO data; Site reference number, the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and the criteria it was listed under
Description; brief description of the site
Name Image Location Date UNESCO data Description
Acropolis, Athens Acropolis wide view Athens, Attica
37°58′N 23°44′E / 37.97°N 23.73°E[2]
5th century BC[2] 404; 1987;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
A collection of massive, yet perfectly balanced architectural masterpieces in harmony with the natural landscape, the Acropolis of Athens is one of the most important expressions of Classical Greek aesthetics. It was completed by the 5th century BC and has since then exerted a profound influence on architecture worldwide.[2]
Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina) Facade of Philip II tomb Vergina Greece Imathia, Central Macedonia
40°28′N 22°26′E / 40.47°N 22.43°E[3]
1st millennium BC[3] 780; 1996;
i, iii
The ancient city of Aigai was the first capital of the Kingdom of Macedon. In addition to the monumental palace, lavishly decorated with mosaics and painted stuccoes, the site contains a burial ground with more than 300 tumuli, one of which has been identified as that of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great.[3]
Archeological site of Delphi Columns of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, Greece.jpeg Phocis, Central Greece
38°29′N 22°30′E / 38.48°N 22.5°E[4]
8th century BC[4] 393; 1987;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
The pan-Hellenic sanctuary of Delphi, location of the oracle of Apollo, was the spiritual center of the Greek world. Situated in a spectacular natural setting at the foot of Mount Parnassus, it was a symbol of Greek cultural unity from the 8th century BC onwards.[4]
Archeological site of Mystras Mystras palace Laconia, Peloponnese
37°05′N 22°22′E / 37.08°N 22.37°E[5]
13th century AD[5] 511; 1989;
ii, iii, iv
Long known as "the Wonder of the Morea", the remarkably well-preserved medieval city of Mystras played a central role in the final years of the Byzantine Empire. Built on a steep hill at the foot of Mount Taygetus, it was the last Byzantine stronghold to fall to the Ottomans, holding out until 1461.
Archeological site of Olympia GR-olympia-palaestra Elis, West Greece
37°38′N 21°40′E / 37.64°N 21.67°E[6]
10th century BC[6] 517; 1989;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
The site of Olympia, built on the banks of the Alpheios river in the Peloponnese, was the location of the ancient Olympic Games beginning in 776 BC. In addition to numerous temples and sanctuaries, it contains the remains of several sporting structures, such as its famous stadium.
Archeological site of Mycenae and Tiryns Lions-Gate-Mycenae Argolis, Peloponnese
37°38′N 22°45′E / 37.64°N 22.75°E[7]
15th century BC[6] 941; 1999;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
Mycenae and Tiryns were two of the most important cities of Mycenean Greece, which flourished between the 15th and 12th centuries BC. The Lion's Gate and Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae have been listed as "outstanding examples of human creative genius".
Delos House of Cleopatra, Delos Cyclades, South Aegean
37°23′N 25°10′E / 37.39°N 25.16°E[8]
7th century BC[8] 530; 1990;
ii, iii, iv, vi
The birthplace of Apollo and Artemis according to Greek mythology, the sacred island of Delos was one of the most important pan-Hellenic sanctuaries. The sanctuary of Apollo on Delos attracted pilgrims from all over Greece, making Delos a prosperous trading port.
Historic Centre (Chora) with the Monastery of Saint John Chora di Patmos con il Monastero di San Giovanni "il teologo" Patmos, South Aegean
37°18′33″N 26°32′53″E / 37.309189°N 26.548053°E[9]
10th century[9] 942; 1999;
iii, iv, vi
The small island of Pátmos in the Dodecanese is reputed to be where St John the Theologian wrote both his Gospel and the Apocalypse. A monastery dedicated to the ‘beloved disciple’ was founded there in the late 10th century and it has been a place of pilgrimage and Greek Orthodox learning ever since. The fine monastic complex dominates the island. The old settlement of Chorá, associated with it, contains many religious and secular buildings.
Medieval City of Rhodes Cour palais grand maître Rhodes Rhodes, South Aegean
36°26′00″N 28°13′00″E / 36.433333°N 28.216667°E[10]
493; 1988;
ii, iv, v
The Order of St John of Jerusalem occupied Rhodes from 1309 to 1523 and set about transforming the city into a stronghold. It subsequently came under Turkish and Italian rule. With the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Great Hospital and the Street of the Knights, the Upper Town is one of the most beautiful urban ensembles of the Gothic period. In the Lower Town, Gothic architecture coexists with mosques, public baths and other buildings dating from the Ottoman period.
Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios 20090803 hosiosloukas12 Gotic Dafni Nea Moni - buildings Hosios Loukas: Distomo, Boeotia
38°23′41″N 22°44′48″E / 38.394722°N 22.746667°E
Daphni Monastery: Chaidari, Attica
38°00′47″N 23°38′09″E / 38.013056°N 23.635833°E
Nea Moni: Chios, North Aegean
38°22′26″N 26°03′21″E / 38.373906°N 26.055739°E[11]
11th and 12th centuries[11] 537; 1990;
i, iv
Although geographically distant from each other, these three monasteries belong to the same typological series and share the same aesthetic characteristics. The churches are built on a cross-in-square plan with a large dome supported by squinches defining an octagonal space. In the 11th and 12th centuries they were decorated with superb marble works as well as mosaics on a gold background, all characteristic of the 'second golden age of Byzantine art'.
Old Town of Corfu Corfu town Corfu, Ionian Islands
39°37′00″N 19°55′00″E / 39.616667°N 19.916667°E[12]
8th century BC[12] 978; 2007;
The Old Town of Corfu, on the Island of Corfu off the western coasts of Albania and Greece, is located in a strategic position at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea, and has its roots in the 8th century BC. The three forts of the town, designed by renowned Venetian engineers, were used for four centuries to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire. In the course of time, the forts were repaired and partly rebuilt several times, more recently under British rule in the 19th century. The mainly neoclassical housing stock of the Old Town is partly from the Venetian period, partly of later construction, notably the 19th century. As a fortified Mediterranean port, Corfu’s urban and port ensemble is notable for its high level of integrity and authenticity.
Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki Ac.galerius2 Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia
40°39′N 22°54′E / 40.65°N 22.9°E[13]
315 B.C.[13] 456; 1988;
i, ii, iv
Founded in 315 B.C., the provincial capital and sea port of Thessalonika was one of the first bases for the spread of Christianity. Among its Christian monuments are fine churches, some built on the Greek cross plan and others on the three-nave basilica plan. Constructed over a long period, from the 4th to the 15th century, they constitute a diachronic typological series, which had considerable influence in the Byzantine Empire.
Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos Heraion of Samos Samos, North Aegean
37°42′04″N 26°52′08″E / 37.701208°N 26.868783°E[14]
3rd millennium B.C.[14] 595; 1992;
ii, iii
Many civilizations have inhabited this small Aegean island, near Asia Minor, since the 3rd millennium B.C. The remains of Pythagoreion, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a spectacular tunnel-aqueduct, as well as the Heraion, temple of the Samian Hera, can still be seen.
Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus 20100408 epidaure29 Epidaurus, Peloponnese
37°38′00″N 23°08′00″E / 37.633333°N 23.133333°E[15]
4th century[15] 491; 1988;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
In a small valley in the Peloponnesus, the shrine of Asklepios, the god of medicine, developed out of a much earlier cult of Apollo, during the 6th century BC at the latest, as the official cult of the city state of Epidaurus. Its principal monuments, particularly the temple of Asklepios, the Tholos and the Theatre - considered one of the purest masterpieces of Greek architecture – date from the 4th century. The vast site, with its temples and hospital buildings devoted to its healing gods, provides valuable insight into the healing cults of Greek and Roman times.
Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae The Temple of Apollo Epikourios at Bassae, Arcadia, Greece (14250629376) Bassae, Messenia, Peloponnese
37°25′47″N 21°54′01″E / 37.429722°N 21.900278°E[16]
5th century B.C.[16] 392; 1986;
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
This famous temple to the god of healing and the sun was built towards the middle of the 5th century B.C. in the lonely heights of the Arcadian mountains. The temple, which has the oldest Corinthian capital yet found, combines the Archaic style and the serenity of the Doric style with some daring architectural features.
Meteora Greece meteora monasteries near Kalabaka, Thessaly
39°42′51″N 21°37′52″E / 39.714167°N 21.631111°E[17]
455; 1988;
i, ii, iv, v, vii
In a region of almost inaccessible sandstone peaks, monks settled on these 'columns of the sky' from the 11th century onwards. Twenty-four of these monasteries were built, despite incredible difficulties, at the time of the great revival of the eremetic ideal in the 15th century. Their 16th-century frescoes mark a key stage in the development of post-Byzantine painting.
Mount Athos Esphigmenou monastery 2006 Autonomous Monastic State of the Holy Mountain
40°09′26″N 24°19′35″E / 40.157222°N 24.326389°E[18]
454; 1988;
i, ii, iv, v, vi, vii
An Orthodox spiritual centre since 1054, Mount Athos has enjoyed an autonomous statute since Byzantine times. The 'Holy Mountain', which is forbidden to women and children, is also a recognized artistic site. The layout of the monasteries (about 20 of which are presently inhabited by some 1,400 monks) had an influence as far afield as Russia, and its school of painting influenced the history of Orthodox art.
Philippi Ancient Theatre, built by Philip II in the 4th century BC and later reconstructed by the Romans, Philippi (7272297822) Philippi, Kavala, Eastern Macedonia
41°00′47″N 24°17′11″E / 41.013056°N 24.286389°E[19]
4th century B.C. - 14th century A.D[19] 1517; 2016;
iii, iv
The remains of this walled city lie at the foot of an acropolis in the present-day region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, on the ancient route linking Europe and Asia, the Via Egnatia. Founded in 356 BC by the Macedonian King Philip II, the city developed as a “small Rome” with the establishment of the Roman Empire in the decades following the Battle of Philippi, in 42 BCE. The Hellenistic theatre and funerary heroon (temple) were supplemented with Roman buildings such as the forum. Later the city became a centre of the Christian faith following the visit of the Apostle Paul in 49-50 CE. The remains of its basilicas constitute an exceptional testimony to the early establishment of Christianity.

Tentative list[20]

Castle of Methoni - panoramio
Castle of Methoni
Vultures in Dadia Forest
Vultures in Dadia Forest
Ancient Theatre Thorikos
Ancient Theatre Thorikos
Petrified forest of Lesbos 16
Petrified forest of Lesbos
Throne Messini
Throne in Messene
Knossos Thronsaal 04
Knossos, throne room
St George Preveza Aquaduct 1
St George Preveza Aqueduct
Greece Mount Olympus (1)
Greece Mount Olympus
Nativity Eleoussa Prespa Church Fresco
Nativity Eleoussa Prespa Church Fresco
Samaria Gorge 03
Samaria Gorge
Άσπρος Πύργος Σερίφου 9549
White tower, Serifos

See also


  1. ^ Greece: Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-01-13
  2. ^ a b c d Acropolis, Athens, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-01-13
  3. ^ a b c d Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina), UNESCO, retrieved 2012-01-13
  4. ^ a b c d Archeological site of Delphi, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-01-25
  5. ^ a b c Archeological site of Mystras, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-02-07
  6. ^ a b c d Archeological site of Olympia, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-02-07
  7. ^ a b Archeological site of Mycenae and Tiryns, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-02-07
  8. ^ a b c Delos, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-02-07
  9. ^ a b c Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  10. ^ a b Medieval City of Rhodes, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  11. ^ a b c Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  12. ^ a b c Old Town of Corfu, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  13. ^ a b c Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  14. ^ a b c Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  15. ^ a b c Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  16. ^ a b c Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  17. ^ a b Meteora, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  18. ^ a b Mount Athos, UNESCO, retrieved 2012-09-30
  19. ^ a b c Archaeological Site of Philippi, UNESCO, retrieved 2016-07-15
  20. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Greece - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Retrieved 20 April 2018.
Hellenic Foundation for Culture

The Hellenic Foundation for Culture (Greek: Ελληνικό Ίδρυμα Πολιτισμού), founded in 1992, is a cultural and educational organization, based in Greece(Athens), which aims to promote Greek language and Greek culture. Professor Ioannis Georgakis, was the prime mover, founder and first President of the Hellenic Foundation for Culture and he had the vision of establishing an institution for Greek culture abroad.

List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Europe

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 168 World Heritage Sites in all of the 15 sovereign countries (also called "state parties") of Southern Europe: Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, and Vatican City as well as one site in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. While Cyprus has territory in Southern Europe, it is not included here but in Western Asia.

The top two countries by number of World Heritage Sites are located in this region: Italy with 53 sites and Spain with 46 sites (43 sites not including those on the Canary Islands). Seven sites are shared between several countries: Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde (Portugal and Spain), Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (Italy and Switzerland), Monte San Giorgio (Italy and Switzerland), Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (Holy See and Italy), Pyrénées – Mont Perdu (France and Spain), Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland) and Heritage of Mercury – Almadén and Idrija (Slovenia and Spain). The first sites from the region were inscribed in 1979 a year after the list's conception, and included six sites in the former Yugoslavia and one site in Italy. Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x). Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Southern Europe, there are 150 cultural, 12 natural, and 7 mixed sites.The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." One of the sites (Medieval Monuments in Kosovo) in Southern Europe is listed as endangered and four sites (Old City of Dubrovnik, Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor, Plitvice Lakes National Park and Butrint) were previously listed. Possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of other cases.

Lists of World Heritage Sites

This is a list of lists of World Heritage Sites. A World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having special cultural or physical significance.

Outline of Greece

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greece:

Greece – sovereign country located on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe. Greece borders Albania, Bulgaria, and North Macedonia to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands.

Greece lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is heir to the heritages of ancient Greece, the Roman and Byzantine Empires, and nearly four centuries of Ottoman rule. Greece is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games (for this reason, unless it is the host nation, it always leads the Parade of Nations in accordance with tradition begun at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics), Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama including both tragedy and comedy.

Greece is a developed country, a member of the European Union since 1981, a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, the OECD since 1961, the WEU since 1995 and ESA since 2005. Athens is the capital; Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Volos, Ioannina, Larissa and Kavala are some of the country's other major cities.

Greece Greece topics
World Heritage Sites in Greece
Aegean Islands
Northern Europe
Western Europe
Eastern Europe
Southern Europe

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