List of United States presidential elections in Pennsylvania

United States presidential elections in Pennsylvania occur when voters in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania cast ballots for electors to the Electoral College as part of a national election to elect the President and Vice President of the United States. Regularly scheduled general elections occur on Election Day, coinciding with elections in the other 49 states and the District of Columbia.[1]

As in other states in the U.S., presidential elections are indirect elections. Voters do not cast ballots directly for a presidential candidate, but rather a slate of electors pledged to support that candidate, with the victorious slate of electors casting their ballots directly for President and Vice President of the United States as part of the Electoral College.[2][3] During the first presidential election in 1789, Pennsylvania was allotted 15 electoral votes. In 2012, the most recent election, the state was allotted 20. This number, proportional to the state's population and decided every 10 years after a census, peaked at 38 from the 1912 election through the 1928 election.[4] The next presidential election in Pennsylvania, coinciding with the national election, is scheduled for November 3, 2020.

The list below contains election returns from all 57 quadrennial presidential elections in Pennsylvania, beginning with the first in 1789 and ending with the most recent in 2012. Incumbent Presidents are listed as well as presidential candidates who carried Pennsylvania and runner(s)-up in the state, including major third-party candidates (garnering five percent or more of the popular vote). Bold indicates the candidate who won the election nationally. Parties are color-coded to the left of a President's or candidate's name according to the key below. The popular vote and percentage margins listed in the "Margin" column are the differences between the total votes received and percentage of the popular vote received by the top two finishers in the corresponding election (i.e. the margin-of-victory of a candidate who carried Pennsylvania over the nearest competitor). The "E.V." section denotes the number of electoral votes cast in favor of the candidate who carried the state, which has been unanimous except for two occasions—1796 and 1800—in which the number in parentheses represents the number of votes cast for the runner-up.

In all, the Republican Party has carried Pennsylvania in 25 presidential elections, the Democratic Party in 19, the Democratic-Republican Party in eight, the Whig Party in two, and the Progressive Party in one (1912). A nonpartisan candidate, George Washington, carried the state twice (in 1789 and 1792). Pennsylvania has voted for the overall victor in 46 of 57 elections (80.7% of the time).

List of elections

Parties

  Independent   Federalist   Democratic-Republican   Democratic   Whig   Republican   National Republican   Anti-Masonic   Know Nothing/American   Southern Democratic   National Union (1864)   Liberal Republican   Progressive (1912)   Socialist   Progressive (1924)   American Independent   Reform

Election Incumbent President Pennsylvania Winner Votes E.V. PA Runner(s)-up Votes Margin Turnout
[note 1]
Notes
1789   Office established   George Washington 7,383 (100.00%) 15   None
1792   George Washington   George Washington 4,576 (100.00%) 15   None
1796   George Washington   Thomas Jefferson 12,516 (50.58%) 14 (1)   John Adams 12,229 (49.42%) 289 (1.16%) [5]
[note 2]
1800   John Adams   Thomas Jefferson 60 (64.52%) 8 (7)   John Adams 33 (35.48%) 27 (29.04%) [6]
[note 3]
1804   Thomas Jefferson   Thomas Jefferson 22,081 (94.69%) 20   Charles Pinckney 1,239 (5.31%) 20,842 (89.38%) [7]
1808   Thomas Jefferson   James Madison 42,508 (78.37%) 20   Charles Pinckney 11,735 (21.63%) 30,733 (56.74%) [8]
1812   James Madison   James Madison 48,816 (62.60%) 25   DeWitt Clinton 29,162 (37.40%) 19,654 (25.20%) [9]
1816   James Madison   James Monroe 25,653 (59.33%) 25   Rufus King 17,588 (40.67%) 8,065 (18.66%) [10]
1820   James Monroe   James Monroe 30,313 (94.12%) 24   DeWitt Clinton 1,893 (5.88%) 28,420 (88.24%) [11]
1824   James Monroe   Andrew Jackson 35,929 (76.04%) 28   John Q. Adams 5,436 (11.50%) 30,493 (64.54%) [12]
  William H. Crawford 4,182 (8.85%)
1828   John Q. Adams   Andrew Jackson 101,652 (66.66%) 28   John Q. Adams 50,848 (33.34%) 50,804 (33.32%) [13]
1832   Andrew Jackson   Andrew Jackson 91,949 (57.96%) 30   William Wirt 66,689 (42.04%) 25,260 (15.92%) [14]
1836   Andrew Jackson   Martin Van Buren 91,457 (51.18%) 30   William H. Harrison 87,235 (48.82%) 4,222 (2.36%) [15]
1840   Martin Van Buren   William H. Harrison 144,010 (50.00%) 30   Martin Van Buren 143,676 (49.88%) 334 (0.12%) [16]
1844   John Tyler   James K. Polk 167,447 (50.50%) 26   Henry Clay 161,125 (48.59%) 6,322 (1.91%) [17]
1848   James K. Polk   Zachary Taylor 185,313 (50.28%) 26   Lewis Cass 171,976 (46.66%) 13,337 (1.91%) [18]
1852   Millard Fillmore   Franklin Pierce 198,562 (51.20%) 27   Winfield Scott 179,104 (46.18%) 19,458 (5.02%) [19]
[note 4]
1856   Franklin Pierce   James Buchanan 230,686 (50.13%) 27   John C. Frémont 147,286 (32.01%) 83,400 (18.12%) [20]
  Millard Fillmore 82,189 (17.86%)
1860   James Buchanan   Abraham Lincoln 268,030 (56.26%) 27   John C. Breckinridge 178,871 (37.54%) 89,159 (18.72%) [21]
1864   Abraham Lincoln   Abraham Lincoln 296,391 (51.75%) 26   George B. McClellan 276,316 (48.25%) 20,075 (3.50%) [22]
[note 5]
1868   Andrew Johnson   Ulysses S. Grant 342,280 (52.20%) 26   Horatio Seymour 313,382 (47.80%) 28,898 (4.40%) [23]
[note 6]
1872   Ulysses S. Grant   Ulysses S. Grant 349,589 (62.07%) 29   Horace Greeley 212,041 (37.65%) 137,548 (24.42%) [24]
1876   Ulysses S. Grant   Rutherford B. Hayes 384,184 (50.62%) 29   Samuel J. Tilden 366,204 (48.25%) 17,980 (2.37%) [25]
1880   Rutherford B. Hayes   James A. Garfield 444,704 (50.84%) 29   Winfield Scott Hancock 407,428 (46.57%) 37,276 (4.27%) [26]
1884   Chester A. Arthur   James G. Blaine 478,804 (52.97%) 30   Grover Cleveland 392,785 (43.46%) 86,019 (9.51%) [27]
[note 7]
1888   Grover Cleveland   Benjamin Harrison 526,091 (52.74%) 30   Grover Cleveland 446,633 (44.77%) 79,458 (7.97%) [28]
1892   Benjamin Harrison   Benjamin Harrison 516,011 (51.45%) 32   Grover Cleveland 452,264 (45.09%) 63,747 (6.36%) [29]
1896   Grover Cleveland   William McKinley 728,300 (60.98%) 32   William Jennings Bryan 433,228 (36.27%) 295,072 (24.71%) [30]
1900   William McKinley   William McKinley 712,665 (60.74%) 32   William Jennings Bryan 424,232 (36.16%) 288,433 (24.58%) [31]
1904   Theodore Roosevelt   Theodore Roosevelt 840,949 (68.00%) 34   Alton B. Parker 337,998 (27.33%) 502,951 (40.67%) [32]
[note 8]
1908   Theodore Roosevelt   William Howard Taft 745,779 (58.84%) 34   William Jennings Bryan 448,782 (35.41%) 296,997 (23.43%) [33]
1912   William Howard Taft   Theodore Roosevelt 444,894 (36.53%) 38   Woodrow Wilson 395,637 (32.49%) 49,257 (4.04%) [34]
  William Howard Taft 273,360 (22.45%)
  Eugene V. Debs 83,614 (6.87%)
1916   Woodrow Wilson   Charles Evans Hughes 703,823 (54.26%) 38   Woodrow Wilson 521,784 (40.22%) 406,826 (14.04%) [35]
1920   Woodrow Wilson   Warren Harding 1,218,216 (65.76%) 38   James M. Cox 503,843 (27.20%) 714,373 (38.56%) [36]
1924   Calvin Coolidge   Calvin Coolidge 1,401,481 (65.34%) 38   John W. Davis 409,192 (19.08%) 992,289 (46.26%) [37]
[note 9]
  Robert M. La Follette, Sr. 307,567 (14.34%)
1928   Calvin Coolidge   Herbert Hoover 2,055,382 (65.24%) 38   Al Smith 1,067,586 (33.89%) 987,796 (31.35%) [38]
1932   Herbert Hoover   Herbert Hoover 1,453,540 (50.84%) 36   Franklin D. Roosevelt 1,295,948 (45.33%) 157,592 (5.51%) [39]
1936   Franklin D. Roosevelt   Franklin D. Roosevelt 2,353,987 (56.88%) 36   Alf Landon 1,690,200 (40.84%) 663,787 (16.04%) [40]
1940   Franklin D. Roosevelt   Franklin D. Roosevelt 2,171,035 (53.23%) 36   Wendell Willkie 1,889,848 (46.33%) 281,187 (6.90%) [41]
1944   Franklin D. Roosevelt   Franklin D. Roosevelt 1,940,479 (51.14%) 35   Thomas E. Dewey 1,835,054 (48.36%) 105,425 (2.78%) [42]
1948   Harry S. Truman   Thomas E. Dewey 1,902,197 (50.93%) 35   Harry S. Truman 1,752,426 (46.92%) 149,771 (4.01%) [43]
[note 10]
1952   Harry S. Truman   Dwight D. Eisenhower 2,415,789 (52.74%) 32   Adlai Stevenson II 2,146,269 (46.85%) 269,520 (5.89%) [44]
1956   Dwight D. Eisenhower   Dwight D. Eisenhower 2,585,252 (56.49%) 32   Adlai Stevenson II 1,981,769 (43.30%) 603,483 (5.89%) [45]
1960   Dwight D. Eisenhower   John F. Kennedy 2,556,282 (51.06%) 32   Richard Nixon 2,439,956 (48.74%) 116,326 (2.32%) 70.3%[46] [47]
1964   Lyndon B. Johnson   Lyndon B. Johnson 3,130,954 (64.92%) 29   Barry Goldwater 1,673,657 (34.70%) 1,457,297 (30.22%) 67.9%[46] [48]
[note 11]
1968   Lyndon B. Johnson   Hubert Humphrey 2,259,405 (47.59%) 29   Richard Nixon 2,090,017 (44.02%) 169,388 (3.57%) 65.3%[46] [49]
  George Wallace 378,582 (7.97%)
1972   Richard Nixon   Richard Nixon 2,714,521 (59.11%) 27   George McGovern 1,796,951 (39.13%) 917,570 (19.98%) 56.0%[46] [50]
1976   Gerald Ford   Jimmy Carter 2,328,677 (50.40%) 27   Gerald Ford 2,205,604 (47.73%) 123,073 (2.67%) 54.2%[46] [51]
[note 12]
1980   Jimmy Carter   Ronald Reagan 2,261,872 (49.59%) 27   Jimmy Carter 1,937,540 (42.48%) 324,332 (7.11%) 51.9%[46] [52]
  John B. Anderson 292,921 (6.42%)
1984   Ronald Reagan   Ronald Reagan 2,584,323 (53.34%) 25   Walter Mondale 2,228,131 (45.99%) 356,202 (7.35%) 54.0%[46] [53]
1988   Ronald Reagan   George H. W. Bush 2,300,087 (50.70%) 25   Michael Dukakis 2,194,944 (48.39%) 105,143 (2.31%) 50.1%[46] [54]
1992   George H. W. Bush   Bill Clinton 2,239,164 (45.15%) 23   George H. W. Bush 1,791,841 (36.12%) 447,323 (9.03%) 54.3%[46] [55]
  Ross Perot 902,667 (18.20%)
1996   Bill Clinton   Bill Clinton 2,215,819 (49.17%) 23   Bob Dole 1,801,169 (39.97%) 414,650 (9.20%) 48.9%[46] [56]
  Ross Perot 430,984 (9.56%)
2000   Bill Clinton   Al Gore 2,485,967 (50.61%) 23   George W. Bush 2,281,127 (46.44%) 204,840 (4.17%) 52.4%[46] [57]
2004   George W. Bush   John Kerry 2,938,095 (50.96%) 21   George W. Bush 2,793,847 (48.46%) 144,248 (2.50%) 60.0%[46] [58]
2008   George W. Bush   Barack Obama 3,276,363 (54.65%) 21   John McCain 2,655,885 (44.30%) 620,478 (10.35%) 62.1%[46] [59]
2012   Barack Obama   Barack Obama 2,990,274 (52.08%) 20   Mitt Romney 2,680,434 (46.68%) 309,840 (5.40%) 58.1%[46] [60]
2016   Barack Obama   Donald Trump 2,970,733 (48.17%) 20   Hillary Clinton 2,926,441 (47.46%) 44,292 (0.72%) 60.27% [61]

Note: Bold candidate indicates President elected nationally.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Percentage of voting age population (VAP) unless otherwise noted.
  2. ^ One electoral vote was cast for John Adams.
  3. ^ Electors in 1800 were chosen by the state legislature. In addition to eight electoral votes for Jefferson, Pennsylvania cast seven for Adams.
  4. ^ Zachary Taylor died in July 1850. Millard Fillmore served the remainder of the unexpired term and did not seek election to a full term.
  5. ^ Abraham Lincoln sought re-election on the National Union ticket in 1864.
  6. ^ Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865. Andrew Johnson served the remainder of the unexpired term and did not seek election to a full term.
  7. ^ James Garfield was assassinated in 1881. Chester Arthur served the remainder of the unexpired term and did not seek election to a full term.
  8. ^ William McKinley was assassinated in September 1901. Theodore Roosevelt served the remainder of the unexpired term and sought and won election to a full term.
  9. ^ Warren Harding died in August 1923. Calvin Coolidge served the remainder of the unexpired term and sought and won election to a full term.
  10. ^ Franklin D. Roosevelt died in April 1945. Harry S. Truman served the remainder of the unexpired term and sought and won election to a full term.
  11. ^ John F. Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963. Lyndon B. Johnson served the remainder of the unexpired term and sought and won election to a full term.
  12. ^ Richard Nixon resigned in August 1974. Gerald Ford served the remainder of the unexpired term and sought election to a full term.

References

  1. ^ 3 U.S.C. § 1
  2. ^ "Electoral College". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  3. ^ "U.S. Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Historical Election Results". U.S. Electoral College. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1796". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1800". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1804". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1808". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1812". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1816". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1820". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1824". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1828". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  14. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1832". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  15. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1836". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1840". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  17. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1844". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1848". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  19. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1852". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  20. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1856". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1860". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  22. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1864". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  23. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1868". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  24. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1872". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  25. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1876". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  26. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1880". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  27. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1884". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  28. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1888". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  29. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1892". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  30. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1896". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  31. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1900". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  32. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1904". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  33. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1908". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  34. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1912". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  35. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1916". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  36. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1920". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  37. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1924". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  38. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1928". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  39. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1932". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  40. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1936". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  41. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1940". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  42. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1944". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  43. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1948". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  44. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1952". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  45. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1956". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Voter Registration Statistics". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  47. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1960". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  48. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1964". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  49. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1968". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  50. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1972". Wilkes University. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  51. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1976". Wilkes University. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  52. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1980". Wilkes University. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  53. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1984". Wilkes University. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  54. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1988". Wilkes University. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  55. ^ "Pennsylvania Presidential Election Returns 1992". Wilkes University. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  56. ^ "1996 Presidential General Election Results - Pennsylvania". U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  57. ^ "2000 General Election". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  58. ^ "2004 General Election". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  59. ^ "2008 General Election". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  60. ^ "2012 General Election". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  61. ^ "2016 General Election". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 26 January 2017.

External links

List of Pennsylvania gubernatorial elections

The election of the Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania occurs when voters in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania select the Governor and Lieutenant Governor for the ensuing four years beginning at noon on the third Tuesday of January following the election. Pennsylvania gubernatorial elections were held triennially beginning with the first election in 1790 until 1878. Gubernatorial elections have been held quadrennially since the election of 1882. Gubernatorial general elections are held on Election Day, coinciding with various other federal, statewide, and local races.

Per Article II of the 1790 Pennsylvania Constitution, gubernatorial elections were held triennially on the second Tuesday of October, with the three-year term commencing on the third Tuesday of December immediately following the election. Incumbents were permitted to serve for a maximum of nine years out of any period of twelve years. Ties were to be resolved, pursuant to the same document, by a joint vote of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The 1874 Pennsylvania Constitution mandated the date of gubernatorial elections to be likewise that of the general election on Election Day in November and extended the term to four years, beginning on the third Tuesday of January following the election. In the original text of the 1874 Constitution, an incumbent governor was prohibited from running for a second successive term, but this was amended in 1967 to permit an incumbent to do so. The next gubernatorial election in Pennsylvania is scheduled to be held on November 8, 2022.

The list below contains election returns from all sixty-six gubernatorial elections in Pennsylvania sorted by year, beginning with the first in 1790 and ending with the most recent in 2018. Incumbent governors are listed as well as elected governors and runner(s)-up in each election, including major third-party candidates (garnering 5% or more of the popular vote). Parties are color-coded to the left of a Governor's or candidate's name according to the key below. The popular vote and percentage margins listed in the "Margin" column are the differences between the total votes received and percentage of the popular vote received by the top two finishers in the corresponding election (i.e. the margin-of-victory of an elected governor over the nearest competitor).

List of United States Senate elections in Pennsylvania

United States Senate elections in Pennsylvania occur when voters in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania select an individual to represent the state in the United States Senate in either of the state's two seats allotted by the U.S. Constitution. Regularly scheduled general elections occur on Election Day, coinciding with various other federal, statewide, and local races.

Per the original text of the U.S. Constitution, each state was allotted two U.S. Senators selected by the state legislature for staggered six-year terms. After the election of the founding members of the U.S. Senate in 1788, the Senate was divided into three groups, or "classes" (Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3) to stagger the six-year terms of its members. Per Article I, Section 3, Clause 2 of the Constitution, the founding members of Class 1 would serve two years, Class 2 four years, and Class 3 six years. All Senators elected thereafter would serve full six-year terms such that one-third of the Senate would be up for re-election every two years. Pennsylvania was assigned a Class 1 seat and Class III seat. Since the passage of the 17th Amendment to the Constitution in 1913, U.S. Senators are elected directly to six-year terms by the voters of each state at the general election held on Election Day. Special elections may be held to fill mid-term vacancies by electing an individual to serve the remainder of the unexpired term. The next Class 1 U.S. Senate election in Pennsylvania is scheduled for November 5, 2024, and the next Class 3 election in Pennsylvania is scheduled for November 8, 2022.

The list below contains election returns from all nineteen Class 1 and twenty Class 3 post-17th Amendment U.S. Senate elections in Pennsylvania, including special elections, sorted by year and beginning with the first in 1914 and the most recent in 2018. Incumbent Senators are listed as well as elected Senators and runner(s)-up in each election, including major third-party candidates (garnering 5% or more of the popular vote). Parties are color-coded to the left of a Senator's or candidate's name according to the key below. The popular vote and percentage margins listed in the "Margin" column are the differences between the total votes received and percentage of the popular vote received by the top two finishers in the corresponding election (i.e. the margin-of-victory of an elected Senator over the nearest competitor).

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