List of United States presidential candidates by number of votes received

Following is a list of United States presidential candidates by number of votes received. Elections have tended to have more participation in each successive election, due to the increasing population of the United States, and, in some instances, expansion of the right to vote to larger segments of society. Prior to the election of 1824, most states did not have a popular vote. In the election of 1824, only 18 of the 24 states held a popular vote, but by the election of 1828, 22 of the 24 states held a popular vote. Minor candidates are excluded if they received fewer than 100,000 votes, or less than .1% of the vote in their election year.

Candidate Year Party Popular vote Notes
Barack Obama 2008 Democratic 69,498,516 Winner
Barack Obama 2012 Democratic 65,915,795 Winner
Hillary Clinton 2016 Democratic 65,853,514 Won the popular vote, but lost the electoral college.
Donald Trump 2016 Republican 62,984,828 Winner. Lost the popular vote, but won the electoral college.
George W. Bush 2004 Republican 62,040,610 Winner
Mitt Romney 2012 Republican 60,933,504
John McCain 2008 Republican 59,948,323
John Kerry 2004 Democratic 59,028,444
Ronald Reagan 1984 Republican 54,455,472 Winner
Al Gore 2000 Democratic 50,999,897 Won the popular vote, but lost the electoral college.
George W. Bush 2000 Republican 50,456,002 Winner. Lost the popular vote, but won the electoral college.
George H. W. Bush 1988 Republican 48,886,597 Winner
Bill Clinton 1996 Democratic 47,400,125 Winner
Richard Nixon 1972 Republican 47,168,710 Winner
Bill Clinton 1992 Democratic 44,909,806 Winner
Ronald Reagan 1980 Republican 43,903,230 Winner
Lyndon Johnson 1964 Democratic 43,127,041 Winner
Michael Dukakis 1988 Democratic 41,809,074
Jimmy Carter 1976 Democratic 40,831,881 Winner
Bob Dole 1996 Republican 39,197,469
Gerald Ford 1976 Republican 39,148,634
George H. W. Bush 1992 Republican 39,104,550
Walter Mondale 1984 Democratic 37,577,352
Dwight Eisenhower 1956 Republican 35,579,180 Winner
Jimmy Carter 1980 Democratic 35,480,115
John Kennedy 1960 Democratic 34,220,984 Winner
Richard Nixon 1960 Republican 34,108,157
Dwight Eisenhower 1952 Republican 34,075,529 Winner
Richard Nixon 1968 Republican 31,783,783 Winner
Hubert Humphrey 1968 Democratic 31,271,839
George McGovern 1972 Democratic 29,173,222
Franklin Roosevelt 1936 Democratic 27,752,648 Winner
Adlai Stevenson 1952 Democratic 27,375,090
Franklin Roosevelt 1940 Democratic 27,313,945 Winner
Barry Goldwater 1964 Republican 27,175,754
Adlai Stevenson 1956 Democratic 26,028,028
Franklin Roosevelt 1944 Democratic 25,612,916 Winner
Harry Truman 1948 Democratic 24,179,347 Winner
Franklin Roosevelt 1932 Democratic 22,821,277 Winner
Wendell Willkie 1940 Republican 22,347,744
Thomas E. Dewey 1944 Republican 22,017,929
Thomas E. Dewey 1948 Republican 21,991,292
Herbert Hoover 1928 Republican 21,427,123 Winner
Ross Perot 1992 Independent 19,743,821
Alf Landon 1936 Republican 16,679,543
Warren Harding 1920 Republican 16,144,093 Winner
Herbert Hoover 1932 Republican 15,761,254
Calvin Coolidge 1924 Republican 15,723,789 Winner
Al Smith 1928 Democratic 15,015,464
George Wallace 1968 American Independent 9,901,118
James M. Cox 1920 Democratic 9,139,661
Woodrow Wilson 1916 Democratic 9,126,868 Winner
Charles Evans Hughes 1916 Republican 8,548,728
John W. Davis 1924 Democratic 8,386,242
Ross Perot 1996 Reform 8,085,294
William Taft 1908 Republican 7,678,335 Winner
Theodore Roosevelt 1904 Republican 7,630,557 Winner
William McKinley 1900 Republican 7,228,864 Winner
William McKinley 1896 Republican 7,112,138 Winner
William Jennings Bryan 1896 Democratic 6,509,052
William Jennings Bryan 1908 Democratic 6,408,979
William Jennings Bryan 1900 Democratic 6,370,932
Woodrow Wilson 1912 Democratic 6,296,284 Winner
John B. Anderson 1980 Independent 5,719,850
Grover Cleveland 1892 Democratic 5,553,898 Winner
Grover Cleveland 1888 Democratic 5,534,488 Won the popular vote, but lost the electoral college.
Benjamin Harrison 1888 Republican 5,443,633 Lost the popular vote, but won the electoral college.
Benjamin Harrison 1892 Republican 5,176,108
Alton B. Parker 1904 Democratic 5,083,880
Grover Cleveland 1884 Democratic 4,914,482 Winner
James G. Blaine 1884 Republican 4,856,905
Robert La Follette 1924 Progressive 4,831,706
Gary Johnson 2016 Libertarian 4,489,235
James Garfield 1880 Republican 4,453,337 Winner
Winfield Scott Hancock 1880 Democratic 4,444,976
Samuel J. Tilden 1876 Democratic 4,288,546 Won the popular vote, but lost the electoral college.
Theodore Roosevelt 1912 Progressive 4,122,721
Rutherford Hayes 1876 Republican 4,034,142 Lost the popular vote, but won the electoral college.
Ulysses Grant 1872 Republican 3,597,439 Winner
William Taft 1912 Republican 3,486,242
Ulysses Grant 1868 Republican 3,013,790 Winner
Ralph Nader 2000 Green 2,882,955
Horace Greeley 1872 Liberal Republican 2,834,761
Horatio Seymour 1868 Democratic 2,708,744
Abraham Lincoln 1864 National Union 2,211,317 Winner
Abraham Lincoln 1860 Republican 1,855,993 Winner
James Buchanan 1856 Democratic 1,835,140 Winner
George B. McClellan 1864 Democratic 1,812,807
Franklin Pierce 1852 Democratic 1,605,943 Winner
Jill Stein 2016 Green 1,457,226
Winfield Scott 1852 Whig 1,386,942
Stephen A. Douglas 1860 Northern Democratic 1,380,202
Zachary Taylor 1848 Whig 1,360,235 Winner; Taylor was the last member of the Whig party elected president.
John C. Frémont 1856 Republican 1,342,345
James Polk 1844 Democratic 1,339,570 Winner
Henry Clay 1844 Whig 1,300,004
Gary Johnson 2012 Libertarian 1,275,971
William Henry Harrison 1840 Whig 1,275,583 Winner
Lewis Cass 1848 Democratic 1,223,460
Strom Thurmond 1948 Dixiecrat 1,175,930
Henry A. Wallace 1948 Progressive 1,157,328
Martin Van Buren 1840 Democratic 1,128,854
John G. Schmitz 1972 American Independent 1,100,868
James B. Weaver 1892 Populist 1,041,028
Ed Clark 1980 Libertarian 921,128
Eugene V. Debs 1920 Socialist 913,693
Eugene V. Debs 1912 Socialist 901,551
William Lemke 1936 Union 892,378
Norman Thomas 1932 Socialist 884,885
Millard Fillmore 1856 American 873,053
John C. Breckinridge 1860 Southern Democratic 848,019
Martin Van Buren 1836 Democratic 763,291 Winner
Eugene McCarthy 1976 Independent 740,460
Ralph Nader 2008 Independent 739,034
Evan McMullin 2016 Independent 732,273
Andrew Jackson 1832 Democratic 702,735 Winner
Ralph Nader 1996 Green 685,297
Andrew Jackson 1828 Democratic 642,806 Winner
John Bell 1860 Constitutional Union 590,901
Allan L. Benson 1916 Socialist 590,524
William Henry Harrison 1836 Whig 550,816
Bob Barr 2008 Libertarian 523,715
John Quincy Adams 1828 National Republican 500,897
Harry Browne 1996 Libertarian 485,759
Henry Clay 1832 National Republican 484,205
Jill Stein 2012 Green 469,627
Ralph Nader 2004 Independent 465,151
Pat Buchanan 2000 Reform 448,895
Ron Paul 1988 Libertarian 431,750
Eugene V. Debs 1908 Socialist 420,852
Eugene V. Debs 1904 Socialist 402,810
Michael Badnarik 2004 Libertarian 397,265
Harry Browne 2000 Libertarian 384,431
James B. Weaver 1880 Greenback 308,649
Martin Van Buren 1848 Free Soil 291,501
Andre Marrou 1992 Libertarian 290,087
John Bidwell 1892 Prohibition 270,879
Norman Thomas 1928 Socialist 267,478
Parley P. Christensen 1920 Farmer–Labor 265,398
Silas C. Swallow 1904 Prohibition 259,102
Eugene W. Chafin 1908 Prohibition 254,087
Clinton B. Fisk 1888 Prohibition 249,819
Barry Commoner 1980 Citizens 233,052
David Bergland 1984 Libertarian 228,111
Frank Hanly 1916 Prohibition 221,302
Lenora Fulani 1988 New Alliance 217,221
John G. Woolley 1900 Prohibition 210,864
Eugene W. Chafin 1912 Prohibition 208,156
Darrell Castle 2016 Constitution 203,091
Chuck Baldwin 2008 Constitution 199,750
Aaron S. Watkins 1920 Prohibition 188,787
Norman Thomas 1936 Socialist 187,910
Howard Phillips 1996 Taxpayers 184,656
Roger MacBride 1976 Libertarian 172,557
Lester Maddox 1976 American Independent 170,274
Cynthia McKinney 2008 Green 161,797
Thomas J. Anderson 1976 American 158,271
John P. Hale 1852 Free Soil 155,210
Andrew Jackson 1824 Democratic-Republican 151,271 Won the popular vote, but lost the election.[1]
John St. John 1884 Prohibition 147,482
Alson Streeter 1888 Union Labor 146,602
Hugh Lawson White 1836 Whig 146,109
Michael Peroutka 2004 Constitution 143,630
Vincent Hallinan 1952 Progressive 140,746
James Madison 1812 Democratic-Republican 140,431 Winner; a limited number of states counted the popular vote
Norman Thomas 1948 Socialist 139,569
John M. Palmer 1896 National Democratic 134,645
Benjamin Butler 1884 Anti-Monopoly 134,294
DeWitt Clinton 1812 Democratic-Republican 132,781 A limited number of states counted the popular vote
Joshua Levering 1896 Prohibition 131,312
James Madison 1808 Democratic-Republican 124,732 Winner; a limited number of states counted the popular vote
David Cobb 2004 Green 119,859
Norman Thomas 1940 Socialist 116,599
Thomas E. Watson 1904 Populist 114,070
John Hagelin 1996 Natural Law 113,670
John Quincy Adams 1824 Democratic-Republican 113,142 Lost the popular vote, but won the election.[1]
T. Coleman Andrews 1956 States' Rights 107,929
Bo Gritz 1992 Populist 106,152
Thomas Jefferson 1804 Democratic-Republican 104,110 Winner; a limited number of states counted the popular vote
Claude A. Watson 1948 Prohibition 103,708
William Z. Foster 1932 Communist 103,307
William Wirt 1832 Anti-Masonic 100,715

See also

References

  1. ^ a b No candidate won the electoral college; the election was thrown to the Congress, which chose John Quincy Adams.
List of United States presidential elections by popular vote margin

In a United States presidential election, the popular vote is the total number or percentage of votes cast for a candidate by voters in the 50 states and Washington, D.C.; the candidate who gets the most votes nationwide is said to have won the popular vote. However, the popular vote is not used to determine who is elected as the nation's president or vice president. Thus it is possible for the winner of the popular vote to end up losing the election, an outcome that has occurred on five occasions, most recently in the 2016 election. This is because presidential elections are indirect elections; the votes cast on Election Day are not cast directly for a candidate, but for members of the Electoral College. The Electoral College's electors then formally elect the president and vice president. The Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides the procedure by which the president and vice president are elected.

List of people who received an electoral vote in the United States Electoral College

The following is a complete list of people who received an electoral vote in a United States presidential election. For all elections past 1804, "P" denotes a presidential vote, and "VP" denotes a vice presidential vote. Bold entries are successful candidates; Italicized entries are runners-up who became Vice President under the original system.

Horace Greeley received three electoral votes in the 1872 election, but they were disqualified due to Greeley's death.

This list includes ten females, eight of whom received vice presidential votes. The first was Tonie Nathan who in 1972 received one vote from a faithless elector. This was followed by Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 and Sarah Palin in 2008. Maria Cantwell, Susan Collins, Carly Fiorina and Winona LaDuke all received a single faithless vote for vice president in 2016, and in that same election Elizabeth Warren received two. Hillary Clinton and Faith Spotted Eagle in 2016 are the only women to receive electoral votes for president; Spotted Eagle's single vote was from a faithless elector, and she was also the first Native American to receive an electoral vote for president.

Various electors did not cast their votes, including:

Two Maryland electors and two Virginia electors in 1788

Two Maryland electors and one Vermont elector in 1792

A Kentucky elector in 1808

An Ohio elector in 1812

Three Maryland electors and one Delaware elector in 1816

Two Maryland electors in 1832

A Nevada elector in 1864

A Washington, DC elector, Barbara Lett-Simmons, in 2000

United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote

There have been five United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote including the 1824 election, which was the first U.S. presidential election where the popular vote was recorded. Losing the popular vote means securing less of the national popular vote than the person who received either a majority or a plurality of the vote.In the U.S. presidential election system, instead of the nationwide popular vote determining the outcome of the election, the President of the United States is determined by votes cast by electors of the Electoral College. Alternatively, if no candidate receives an absolute majority of electoral votes, the election is determined by the House of Representatives. These procedures are governed by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

When individuals cast ballots in the general election, they are choosing electors and telling them whom they should vote for in the Electoral College. The "national popular vote" is the sum of all the votes cast in the general election, nationwide. The presidential elections of 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016 produced an Electoral College winner who did not receive the most votes in the general election. In 1824, there were six states in which electors were legislatively appointed, rather than popularly elected, so the true national popular vote is uncertain. When no candidate received a majority of electoral votes in 1824, the election was decided by the House of Representatives. For these two reasons, the 1824 election is distinguishable from the latter four elections, which were held after all states had instituted the popular selection of electors, and in each of which a single candidate won an outright majority of electoral votes, thus becoming president without a contingent election in the House of Representatives. The true national popular vote total was also uncertain in the 1960 election, and the plurality winner depends on how votes for Alabama electors are allocated.

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