List of United States major third party and independent presidential tickets

This is a list of major third party and independent tickets for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States.

Criteria

The presidential candidates are listed here based on three criteria:

List of tickets

Election Candidate[2][3] Vote[2][3] Running mate
Candidate Party Office[b] Home
State[c]
PV% EV%
1832 William Wirt Attorney General William Wirt (3x4 crop) Anti-Masonic   Fmr. Attorney General MD 7.8% 2.4% Amos Ellmaker
John Floyd John Floyd crop Nullifier   Governor VA 0% 3.8% Henry Lee
1844 James G. Birney James Birney by Asa Park (cropped 3x4) Liberty   Fmr. state legislator MI 2.3% 0% Thomas Morris
1848 Martin Van Buren Unsuccessful 1840 Free Soil   Fmr. President NY 10.1% 0% Charles F. Adams Sr.
1852 John P. Hale JPHale (cropped 3x4) Senator NH 4.9% 0% George W. Julian
1856 Millard Fillmore[d] Millard Fillmore by Brady Studio 1855-65-crop (3x4 cropp) American   Fmr. President NY 21.5% 2.7% Andrew J. Donelson
1860 John C. Breckinridge[e] Unsuccessful 1860 2 Southern Democratic   Vice President KY 18.2% 23.8% Joseph Lane
John Bell Unsuccessful 1860 3 Constitutional Union   Fmr. Senator TN 12.6% 12.9% Edward Everett
1880 James B. Weaver James Weaver - Brady-Handy (cropped 3x4) Greenback   Congressman IA 3.4% 0% Barzillai J. Chambers
1884 John St. John John St John 1880 (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Fmr. Governor KS 1.5% 0% William Daniel
Benjamin Butler Benjamin Franklin Butler Brady-Handy (cropped 3x4) Greenback   Fmr. Governor MA 1.3% 0% Absolom M. West
1888 Clinton B. Fisk GenCBFisk (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   General NJ 2.2% 0% John A. Brooks
Alson Streeter AlsonStreeter Union Labor   State legislator IL 1.3% 0% Charles E. Cunningham
1892 James B. Weaver James Weaver - Brady-Handy (cropped 3x4) Populist   Fmr. Congressman IA 8.5% 5% James G. Field
John Bidwell John Bidwell (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Fmr. Congressman CA 2.2% 0% James B. Cranfill
1900 John G. Woolley Woolley-John-G-1898 Attorney IL 1.5% 0% Henry B. Metcalf
1904 Eugene V. Debs Eugene V Debs 1912 (cropped 3x4) Socialist   Fmr. state legislator IN 3.0% 0% Ben Hanford
Silas C. Swallow Silas C Swallow 1904 (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Minister PA 1.9% 0% George W. Carroll
1908 Eugene V. Debs Eugene V Debs 1912 (cropped 3x4) Socialist   Fmr. state legislator IN 2.8% 0% Ben Hanford
Eugene W. Chafin Eugene W. Chafin (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Attorney IL 1.7% 0% Aaron S. Watkins
1912 Theodore Roosevelt Unsuccessful 1912 2 Progressive[f]   Fmr. President NY 27.4% 16.6% Hiram Johnson
Eugene V. Debs Eugene V Debs 1912 (cropped 3x4) Socialist   Fmr. state legislator IN 6.0% 0% Emil Seidel
Eugene W. Chafin Eugene W. Chafin (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Attorney IL 1.7% 0% Aaron S. Watkins
1916 Allan L. Benson Allan Louis Benson (1871–1940) circa 1915 (cropped closein) Socialist   Journalist NY 3.2% 0% George R. Kirkpatrick
Frank Hanly J. Frank Hanly, 1908 (cropped 3x4) Prohibition   Fmr. Governor IN 1.2% 0% Ira Landrith
1920 Eugene V. Debs Eugene V Debs 1912 (cropped 3x4) Socialist   Fmr. state legislator IN 3.4% 0% Seymour Stedman
1924 Robert La Follette Robert M La Follette, Sr (3x4crop) Progressive[f]   Senator WI 16.6% 2.4% Burton K. Wheeler
1932 Norman Thomas Norman Thomas 1937 (cropped 3x4) Socialist   Minister NY 2.2% 0% James H. Maurer
1936 William Lemke Rep. William Lemke for Fraiser. A new informal pix of Rep. William Lemke LCCN2016875538 (cropped close 3x4) Union   Congressman NY 1.9% 0% Thomas C. O'Brien
1948 Strom Thurmond Strom Thurmond, c 1961 (cropped closein 3x4) States' Rights   Governor SC 2.4% 7.3% Fielding L. Wright
Henry A. Wallace Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend (cropped 3x4).jpeg Progressive[f]   Fmr. Vice President IA 2.4% 0% Glen H. Taylor
1968 George Wallace George C Wallace (cropped) American Independent   Fmr. Governor AL 13.5% 8.6% Curtis LeMay
1972 John G. Schmitz John G. Schmitz (cropped 3x4) Congressman CA 1.4% 0% Thomas J. Anderson
1980 John B. Anderson John Bayard Anderson (cropped 3x4) Independent   Congressman IL 6.6% 0% Patrick Lucey
Ed Clark   Libertarian   Attorney CA 1.1% 0% David Koch
1992 Ross Perot RossPerotColor (cropped closein 3x4) Independent   Businessman TX 18.9% 0% James Stockdale
1996 Reform   8.4% 0% Pat Choate
2000 Ralph Nader Naderspeak (cropped 3x4) Green   Attorney CT 2.7% 0% Winona LaDuke
2016 Gary Johnson Gary Johnson campaign portrait (cropped 3x4) Libertarian   Fmr. Governor NM 3.3% 0% William Weld
Jill Stein Jill Stein (25114038853) (cropped 3x4) Green   Physician MA 1.1% 0% Ajamu Baraka

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Third parties did not emerge prior to the ratification of the Twelfth Amendment, but several individuals without a clear partisan affiliation won electoral votes between 1789 and 1796. See list of people who received an electoral vote in the United States Electoral College.
  2. ^ The most recent elective office, or senior appointive position, held by the candidate when the presidential election was held. If the candidate had never held an elective office or senior appointive position at the time of the election, then their profession is listed.
  3. ^ State of primary residence.
  4. ^ After the collapse of the Whig Party in the mid-1850s, the Republican Party and the American Party emerged as the major challengers to the Democratic Party. By 1856, neither the Republican nor the American Party had truly supplanted the Whig Party as the second major political party in the United States.[4] Nonetheless, the American Party is frequently described as a third party.[5][6][7] In 1856, the American Party, along with a rump convention of Whigs, nominated a presidential ticket led by former President Millard Fillmore.[8] After the 1856 election, the Republican Party firmly established itself as one of the two major parties alongside the Democratic Party, while the American Party collapsed.[9]
  5. ^ The Democratic Party fractured along sectional lines in 1860 and held multiple national conventions. The Northern Democrats nominated Stephen A. Douglas and the Southern Democrats nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge.[10][11] Many sources include Breckinridge as a third party candidate,[12][3][13] but z sources do not.[14][2]
  6. ^ a b c Though the Progressive Party of 1912, the Progressive Party of 1924, and the Progressive Party of 1948 shared names and an affiliation with the progressive movement, they were three distinct political parties.[15]

References

  1. ^ Blake, Aaron (April 27, 2016). "Why are there only two parties in American politics?". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "United States Presidential Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  4. ^ McPherson (1988), pp. 140–144, 153–154
  5. ^ Cooper, William. "James Buchanan: Campaigns and Elections". Miller Center. University of Virginia. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  6. ^ Boissoneault, Lorraine (January 26, 2017). "How the 19th-Century Know Nothing Party Reshaped American Politics". Smithsonian. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  7. ^ Hicks (1933), p. 10
  8. ^ Holt (2010), pp. 91–94
  9. ^ Gienapp (1985), p. 547
  10. ^ Smith (1975), pp. 106–113
  11. ^ VandeCreek, Drew E. "Campaign of 1860". Northern Illinois University Libraries. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  12. ^ Patch, B. W. (1936). "Third Party Movements in American Politics". CQPress. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  13. ^ Rosenstone et al. (2018), pp. 59–63
  14. ^ Hicks (1933), pp. 3–28
  15. ^ Rosenstone et al. (2018), p. 93

Works cited

  • Gienapp, William E. (1985). "Nativism and the Creation of a Republican Majority in the North before the Civil War". The Journal of American History. 72 (3): 529–555. JSTOR 1904303.
  • Hicks, John D. (1933). "The Third Party Tradition in American Politics". The Mississippi Valley Historical Review. 20 (1): 3–28. JSTOR 1902325.
  • Holt, Michael F. (2010). Franklin Pierce. Times Books. ISBN 978-0-8050-8719-2.
  • McPherson, James M. (1988). Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199743902.
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.; Behr, Roy L.; Lazarus, Edward H. (2018). Third Parties in America: Citizen Response to Major Party Failure (2nd ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691190525.
  • Smith, Elbert B. (1975). The Presidency of James Buchanan. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-0132-5.
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