List of United States major party presidential tickets
In the United States, political parties nominate one candidate each for President of the United States and for Vice President of the United States. These candidates attempt to win presidential elections by taking a majority of the electoral vote. The two candidates together are known as a ticket. Note that many states did not hold popular votes for the presidential election prior to the advent of Jacksonian Democracy in the 1820s. Also note that prior to the ratification of the 12th Amendment in 1804, electors cast two votes for president rather than one vote for president and one vote for vice president. Under the pre-12th Amendment Constitution, the candidate with the most votes became president and the candidate with the second most votes became vice president; hence, all candidates were technically running against each other. The listed ages are as of election day; for races prior to 1845, December 1st is considered election day for the purposes of the list.
The following post-1800 tickets won less than 10% of the popular vote and less than 10% of the electoral vote, but won more than 1% of the popular vote or at least one electoral vote. A caret (^) denotes elections held before 1832; before 1832, many states did not hold a popular vote for president.
^In elections held before the ratification of the 12th Amendment, each elector cast two electoral votes for president. For these elections, the party's candidate that received the most electoral votes is assigned the position of presidential nominee for the purposes of the table, while the party's candidate that won the second most electoral votes is assigned the position of vice presidential nominee. For these elections, the "electoral vote percentage" column reflects the percentage of electors won by the presidential candidate, rather than the percentage of electoral votes won.
^ abKolodny, Robin (1996). "The Several Elections of 1824". Congress & the Presidency. Washington, D.C.: American University. 23 (2). and Moore, John L., ed. (1985). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, Inc. p. 266. The South Carolina legislature continued to choose presidential electors until 1868, but, with only a small number of exceptions, all other states held popular votes after the 1828 election. Between 1848 and 1872, four newly-admitted (or re-admitted) states used legislative choice for a single election.
^ abThe results reflect the presidential vote. The last column (marked "R") reflects the presidential nominee's ranking in number of electoral votes, with the popular vote breaking ties.
^I=incumbent president, C=challenger to an incumbent, O=open seat, T=Post-1800 third party or independent ticket
^Nixon resigned in 1974 and was succeeded by Vice President and former Congressman Gerald Ford of Michigan.
^Agnew resigned in 1973 and was succeeded by former Congressman Gerald Ford of Michigan. When President Nixon resigned in 1974, Ford ascended to the presidency. Ford appointed former Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York as his successor as vice president.
^Shriver replaced Missouri Senator Thomas Eagleton on the ticket after Eagleton stepped down.
^Greeley was nominated by the Liberal Republicans and subsequently nominated by the Democrats. Greeley died shortly after the election, but before the electoral votes were cast. Most of the electoral votes that would have been cast for Greeley instead went to former Indiana Senator Thomas A. Hendricks or Benjamin Gratz Brown. Greeley's EV% reflects what he would have won had he lived and if there were no faithless electors.
^ abThe Democratic Party held three national conventions in 1860. The first produced a deadlock, and the second nominated Douglas. A group of Southern Democrats bolted from the second convention and held a third convention, which nominated Breckinridge. The Breckinridge-Lane ticket is often labelled as the "Southern Democratic" ticket while the Douglas-Johnson ticket is sometimes labelled as the "Northern Democratic" ticket.
^ abWith the collapse of the Whig Party in the early 1850s, the 1856 election lacked a clear second party in opposition to the Democrats. Many Whigs joined the Republican Party or the American Party, and the latter two parties competed to become the principal opposition party. Former Whig President Fillmore won the nomination of the American Party, as well as the nomination of the remaining Whigs. As slavery continued to divide the nation in the late 1850s, the Republican Party became the dominant party in the North and the American Party dissolved.
^Taylor died in 1850 and was succeeded by Fillmore.
^ abHarrison died in office in 1841 and was succeeded by Tyler. Tyler was expelled from the Whig Party shortly after taking office and spent most of his tenure as an independent. Tyler's name is italicized because he appears twice in the same table for the same election.
^Van Buren campaigned without a running mate as the party refused to re-nominate Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson but was unable to agree on an alternative. A majority of Van Buren's electors ultimately cast their vice presidential vote for Johnson.
^Though Van Buren won a majority of electoral votes, Johnson only won a plurality as Virginia's electors voted for Van Buren for president and William Smith for vice president. Under the terms of the 12th Amendment, the Senate held a contingent election to elect the vice president, which Johnson won.
^ abcdThe Whigs ran four candidates in 1836 in hopes of sending the election to the House under the terms of the 12th Amendment. The plan failed as Van Buren won a majority of the Electoral College.
^ abcdIn 1824, the Democratic-Republicans failed to agree on one candidate, and four Democratic-Republican candidates received electoral votes. No candidate won a majority of the electoral vote, so the House of Representatives conducted a contingent election under the terms of the 12th Amendment. The House chose between the three candidates with the most electoral votes, which were Jackson, Adams, and Crawford. Adams won the contingent election.
^ abcdIn 1824, several vice presidential candidates received electoral votes, but Calhoun won a majority of the electoral vote for vice president. Calhoun is italicized because he appears twice in the table for the same election.
^ abClinton was supported by a mix of anti-Madison Democratic-Republicans and Federalists. Clinton himself remained in the Democratic-Republican Party. His running mate, Ingersoll, was a Federalist.
^ abJefferson tied his running mate, Burr, in electoral votes. As Jefferson and Burr tied, the House held a contingent election between Jefferson and Burr. Jefferson won the contingent election to become president, while Burr became vice president.
^ abThough Adams won election as president, Pinckney did not win election as vice president. Instead, Thomas Jefferson won election as vice president since he had the second most electoral votes. In addition to Pinckney and Adams, five other Federalists received electoral votes.
^Burr received less than half the number of electoral votes won by Jefferson. Three other Democratic-Republicans won electoral votes.
^ abWashington won election before the formation of formal political parties, and refused to join either the Federalists or the Democratic-Republicans as they formed during his presidency.
^ abThough Washington was essentially unopposed, Adams faced competition for the second most electoral votes in both 1789 and 1792. In 1789, Adams's strongest competition came from John Jay of New York, while in 1792 Adams's strongest opposition came from George Clinton of New York.
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