List of U.S. state songs

Forty-nine of the fifty U.S. states that make up the United States of America have one or more state songs, which are selected by each state legislature, and/or state governor, as a symbol (or emblem) of that particular U.S. state. New Jersey has no official state song, while Virginia's previous state song, "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny", adopted in 1940,[1] was rescinded due to its racist language by the Virginia General Assembly.[2] In 2015, "Our Great Virginia" was made the new state song of Virginia.[3]

Some U.S. states have more than one official state song, and may refer to some of their official songs by other names; for example, Arkansas officially has two state songs, plus a state anthem, and a state historical song. Tennessee has the most state songs, with 9 official state songs and an official bicentennial rap.

Arizona has a song that was written specifically as a state anthem in 1915, as well as the 1981 country hit "Arizona", which it adopted as the alternate state anthem in 1982.[1]

Two individuals, Stephen Foster, and John Denver, have written or co-written two state songs. Foster's two state songs, "Old Folks at Home" (better known as "Swanee Ribber" or "Suwannee River") (for adopted by Florida), and "My Old Kentucky Home" are among the best-known songs in the U.S. On March 12, 2007, the Colorado Senate passed a resolution to make Denver's trademark 1972 hit "Rocky Mountain High" one of the state's two official state songs, sharing duties with its predecessor, "Where the Columbines Grow".[4] On March 7, 2014, the West Virginia Legislature approved a resolution to make Denver's "Take Me Home, Country Roads" one of four official state songs of West Virginia. Governor Earl Ray Tomblin signed the resolution into law on March 8, 2014.[5] Other well-known state songs include "Yankee Doodle", "You Are My Sunshine", "Rocky Top", and "Home on the Range"; a number of others are popular standards, including "Oklahoma" (from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical), Hoagy Carmichael's "Georgia on My Mind", "Tennessee Waltz", "Missouri Waltz", and "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away". Many of the others are much less well-known, especially outside the state.

Maryland ("Maryland, My Maryland") and Iowa ("The Song of Iowa") use the tune from the song "O Tannenbaum" as the melody to their official state songs.[6]

State songs

State State song Composer(s) Lyricist(s) Year adopted
Alabama
Flag of Alabama
"Alabama" Edna Gockel Gussen Julia S. Tutwiler 1931[1][7]
Alaska
Flag of Alaska
"Alaska's Flag" Elinor Dusenbury Marie Drake 1955[1][8]
Arizona
Flag of Arizona
State song: "Arizona" Rex Allen and Rex Allen, Jr. Rex Allen and Rex Allen, Jr. 1981[1][9]
State anthem: "Arizona March Song" Maurice Blumenthal Margaret Rowe Clifford 1919[1][9]
Arkansas
Flag of Arkansas
State anthem: "Arkansas" Eva Ware Barnett Eva Ware Barnett 1917/1987[1][10]
"Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me)" Wayland Holyfield Wayland Holyfield 1987[1][10]
"Oh, Arkansas" Terry Rose and Gary Klaff Terry Rose and Gary Klaff 1987[1][10]
State historical song: "The Arkansas Traveler" Sanford Faulkner (Official lyrics by committee, 1947) 1949/1987[1][10]
California
Flag of California
"I Love You, California" Abraham F. Frankenstein F. B. Silverwood 1951[1]
Colorado
Flag of Colorado
"Where the Columbines Grow" A.J. Fynn 1915[1][11]
"Rocky Mountain High" John Denver and Mike Taylor John Denver 2007[12]
Connecticut
Flag of Connecticut
State song: "Yankee Doodle" 1978[1][13]
State cantata: "The Nutmeg" 2003[1][13]
Delaware
Flag of Delaware
"Our Delaware" 1925[1]
Florida
Flag of Florida
Official song: Revised lyrics of "Old Folks at Home (Suwanee River)" Adopted by the Stephen Foster Memorial at the University of Pittsburgh from the original by Stephen Foster 2008 (revised lyrics)[14]
1935 (original lyrics)[1]
Official poem: "I Am Florida" Walter "Clyde" Orange Allen Autry Sr. 2013[15][16]
State anthem: "Florida (Where the Sawgrass Meets the Sky)"
Jan Hinton 2008[17]
Georgia
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state)
"Georgia on My Mind", sung by Ray Charles Hoagy Carmichael Stuart Gorrell 1979[1]
Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
State anthem: "Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī" Henri Berger King David Kalākaua 1967[1][18]
Idaho
Flag of Idaho
"Here We Have Idaho" Sallie Hume Douglas 1931[1]
Illinois
Flag of Illinois
"Illinois" Archibald Johnston Charles H. Chamberlain 1925[19]
Indiana
Flag of Indiana
"On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away" Paul Dresser 1913[1]
Iowa
Flag of Iowa
"The Song of Iowa" S.H.M. Byers 1911[1]
Official Companion State Song: "Make Me a World in Iowa" Effie Burt 2002[1][20]
Kansas
Flag of Kansas
"Home on the Range" 1947[1]
Official state march: "The Kansas March" 1935[1]
Official march: "Here's Kansas" 1992[1]
Kentucky
Flag of Kentucky
State song: "My Old Kentucky Home" Stephen Foster 1928[1]
Bluegrass song: "Blue Moon of Kentucky" Bill Monroe 1988[1][21]
"Kentucky Home Made Christmas"
Louisiana
Flag of Louisiana
"Give Me Louisiana" Doralice Fontane[22] 1970[1]
"You Are My Sunshine" Jimmie Davis
(former governor)
1977[1]
State march: "Louisiana My Home Sweet Home" 1952[1]
Environmental song: "The Gifts of Earth"[23]
Maine
Flag of Maine
"State of Maine Song" Roger Vinton Snow 1937[1]
Maryland
Flag of Maryland
"Maryland, My Maryland"
(to the tune of "O Tannenbaum")
James Ryder Randall 1939[1][24]
Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts
State anthem: "All Hail to Massachusetts" Arthur J. Marsh 1981[1][25]
State folk song: "Massachusetts" Arlo Guthrie 1981[1][26]
State ceremonial march: "The Road to Boston" 1985[1][27]
State patriotic song: "Massachusetts (Because of You Our Land is Free)" Bernard Davidson 1989[1][28]
State glee club song: "The Great State of Massachusetts" 1997[1][29]
State polka: "Say Hello to Someone from Massachusetts" Lenny Gomulka[30] 1998[31]
State ode: "Ode to Massachusetts" 2000[1][32]
Michigan
Flag of Michigan
An official state song: "My Michigan" H. O'Reilly Clint Giles Kavanaugh 1937[1]
Minnesota
Flag of Minnesota
"Hail! Minnesota" 1945[1]
Mississippi
Flag of Mississippi
"Go, Mississippi"
(sometimes called Go Mis-sis-sip-pi)
1962[1]
Missouri
Flag of Missouri
"Missouri Waltz" melody: John V. Eppel
arranged: Frederic K. Logan
J.R. Shannon 1949[1]
Montana
Flag of Montana
"Montana" 1945[1]
State ballad: "Montana Melody" 1983[1] [2]
Nebraska
Flag of Nebraska
Official: "Beautiful Nebraska" Jim Fras and Guy Miller 1967[1][33]
Nevada
Flag of Nevada
"Home Means Nevada" Bertha Rafetto 1933[1]
New Hampshire
Flag of New Hampshire
Official: "Old New Hampshire" 1949[1]
1977
Official: "Live Free or Die" Barry Palmer 2007
Honorary: "New Hampshire, My New Hampshire" 1963[1]
Honorary: "New Hampshire Hills" 1973[1]
Honorary: "Autumn in New Hampshire" 1977[1]
Honorary: "New Hampshire's Granite State" 1977[1]
Honorary: "Oh, New Hampshire" 1977[1]
Honorary: "The Old Man of the Mountain" 1977[1]
Honorary: "The New Hampshire State March" 1977[1]
Honorary: "New Hampshire Naturally" 1983[1][34]
New Jersey
Flag of New Jersey
None[35] N/A N/A
New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico
State song: "O Fair New Mexico" Elizabeth Garrett 1917[1]
Spanish state song: "Así Es Nuevo Méjico" Amadeo Lucero 1971[1]
State ballad: "Land of Enchantment" 1989[1]
Bilingual song: "New Mexico – Mi Lindo Nuevo México" Elizabeth Garrett 1995[1]
State cowboy song: "Under New Mexico Skies" Syd Masters 2009
New York
Flag of New York
"I Love New York" Steve Karmen 1977[36]
North Carolina
Flag of North Carolina
"The Old North State" 1927[1]
North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota
"North Dakota Hymn" 1947[1]
Ohio
Flag of Ohio
"Beautiful Ohio" Mary Earl Ballard MacDonald (1969)
Wilbert McBride (1989)
1969[1][37]
Rock song: "Hang On Sloopy" The McCoys 1985[1][38]
Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma
Official state song: "Oklahoma" Rodgers and Hammerstein 1953[1][39]
Official state waltz: "Oklahoma Wind" 1982[1]
State Folk Song: "Oklahoma Hills" Woody Guthrie and Jack Guthrie 2001[40][41]
Official state children's song: "Oklahoma, My Native Land" Martha Kemm Barrett 1996[42]
Official state gospel song: "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" Wallis Willis 2011[43]
Oregon
Flag of Oregon
"Oregon, My Oregon" J.A. Buchanan and
Henry B. Murtaghin
1927[1]
Pennsylvania
Flag of Pennsylvania
"Pennsylvania" 1990[1]
Rhode Island
Flag of Rhode Island
State march: "Rhode Island" 1996
State song: "Rhode Island, It's for Me" 1996[1]
South Carolina
Flag of South Carolina
"Carolina" Anne Curtis Burgess Henry Timrod
G.R. Goodwin (editor)
1911[1]
"South Carolina on My Mind" Hank Martin and Buzz Arledge 1984[1]
South Dakota
Flag of South Dakota
"Hail, South Dakota!" DeeCort Hammitt 1943[1]
Tennessee
Flag of Tennessee
"My Homeland, Tennessee" Roy Lamont Smith Nell Grayson Taylor 1925[44]
"When It's Iris Time in Tennessee" Willa Waid Newman 1935[1][44]
"My Tennessee" Frances Hannah Tranum 1955[44]
"Tennessee Waltz" Pee Wee King Redd Stewart 1965[1][44]
"Rocky Top" Boudleaux Bryant /
Felice Bryant
1982[1][44]
"Tennessee" Vivian Rorie 1992[44]
"The Pride of Tennessee" Fred Congdon /
Thomas Vaughn /
Carol Elliot
1996[1][44]
"A Tennessee Bicentennial Rap: 1796-1996" Joan Hill Hanks 1996[44]
"Smoky Mountain Rain" Kye Fleming
Dennis Morgan
2010[44][45][46]
"Tennessee" John R. Bean 2012[44]
Texas
Flag of Texas
"Texas, Our Texas" William J. Marsh William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright 1929[47][48]
Utah
Flag of Utah
State song: "Utah, This Is the Place" Sam and Gary Francis 2003[49]
State hymn: "Utah, We Love Thee"
(State Song 1937-2003)[50]
Evan Stephens 2003[1]
Vermont
Flag of Vermont
"These Green Mountains" Diane Martin (composer)
Rita Buglass Gluck (arranger)
Diane Martin 1999[1][51]
Virginia
Flag of Virginia
Traditional state song: "Our Great Virginia" Jim Papoulis (arranger), based on "Oh Shenandoah" Mike Greenly 2015[3]
Popular state song: "Sweet Virginia Breeze" Steve Bassett and Robbin Thompson 2015[3]
Emeritus state song: "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" (retired as official song in 1998) James A. Bland[52] 1940[1][2]
Washington
Flag of Washington
State song: "Washington, My Home" Stuart Churchill (arranger) Helen Davis 1959[1]
State folk song: "Roll On, Columbia, Roll On" based on "Goodnight, Irene" Woody Guthrie 1987[1][53]
Unofficial state rock song: "Louie Louie" Richard Berry Richard Berry unofficial[54]
West Virginia
Flag of West Virginia
Official state song: "The West Virginia Hills" Henry Everett Engle Ellen Ruddell King 1963[1][55]
Official state song: "This Is My West Virginia" Iris Bell Iris Bell 1963[1][55]
Official state song: "West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home" Julian G. Hearne, Jr. Julian G. Hearne, Jr. 1963[1][55]
Official state song: "Take Me Home, Country Roads" John Denver
Bill Danoff
Taffy Nivert
2014[56]
Wisconsin
Flag of Wisconsin
State song: "On, Wisconsin!" William T. Purdy Charles D. Rosa and J. S. Hubbard 1959[1][57]
State ballad: "Oh Wisconsin, Land of My Dreams" Shari A. Sarazin Erma Barrett 2001[1][57]
State waltz: "The Wisconsin Waltz" Eddie Hansen Eddie Hansen 2001[1][57]
Wyoming
Flag of Wyoming
State March: "Wyoming" George Edwin Knapp Charles E. Winter 1955[1][58]
State Song: "Wyoming Where I Belong" Annie & Amy Smith Annie & Amy Smith 2018

Territories

Some American overseas territories, although not U.S. states, have songs and marches of their own.

Territory Song Composer(s) Lyricist(s) Year adopted
American Samoa
Flag of American Samoa
"Amerika Samoa"
District of Columbia
Flag of the District of Columbia
Song: "Washington" Jimmie Dodd 1951[59]
March: "Our Nation's Capital" Anthony A. Mitchell 1961[59]
Guam
Flag of Guam
"Stand Ye Guamanians" 1919
Northern Mariana Islands
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands
"Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi" 1996
Puerto Rico
Flag of Puerto Rico
Anthem: "La Borinqueña" Félix Astol Artés Manuel Fernández Juncos 1977
United States Virgin Islands
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands
"Virgin Islands March" 1963

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci Johnson, Roger R. (2009). "State Songs". Welcome to America. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Official State Song of the Commonwealth of Virginia". 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  3. ^ a b c "Listen: Virginia Now Has 2 State Songs". 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
  4. ^ "Official State Song". Retrieved April 16, 2009.
  5. ^ "Colorado State Song Rocky Mountain High composed by John Denver". www.netstate.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Maryland, my meh song", The Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, 15 March 2016. Retrieved on 05 June 2017.
  7. ^ Act 31-126, Acts of Alabama, "STATE SONG: Alabama". Official Symbols and Emblems of Alabama. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  8. ^ "Official State Song". Alaska Information. State of Alaska Office of Economic Development. Archived from the original on 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  9. ^ a b "Arizona State Anthems". SOS for Kids. Arizona Secretary of State's Office. 2003. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  10. ^ a b c d "State Songs". Arkansas Secretary of State's Office. Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  11. ^ "Colorado State Song". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  12. ^ Brown, Jennifer (March 12, 2007). "Lawmakers OK 'Rocky Mountain High'". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2007-03-12. CRS 24-80-909
  13. ^ a b State of Connecticut, Sites ° Seals ° Symbols Archived 2008-03-14 at the Wayback Machine; Connecticut State Register & Manual; retrieved on January 4, 2007
  14. ^ [1] Archived 2013-07-28 at the Wayback Machine "Summary of Bills Related to Arts, Cultural, Arts Education. Or Historical Resources That Passed the 2008 Florida Legislature May 5, 2008", Retrieved 2011-12-14
  15. ^ "SR1894". flsenate.gov. Florida State Senate. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  16. ^ "I Am Florida". www.iamflorida.org. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  17. ^ from janhintonmusic.com "Home" page. Retrieved on November 27, 2008
  18. ^ "Hawaii Revised Statutes §5-10". hawaii.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  19. ^ State Songs of the United States: An Annotated Anthology. Psychology Press. 1997. ISBN 9780789003973.
  20. ^ "HR 126 ...recognizing Ms. Effie Burt for her composition, "I'll M..." www.legis.iowa.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  21. ^ "KRS 002.100" (PDF). ky.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  22. ^ Statton, Dana; Mitchell, Jennifer (28 August 2014). "Give Me Louisiana: Selections from the Doralice Fontane Papers". Louisiana State University. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  23. ^ Lyrics & act numbers of official songs Archived 2006-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Maryland, My Maryland - Maryland State Song
  25. ^ "Section 19". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Section 20". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  27. ^ "Section 27". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  28. ^ "Section 31". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  29. ^ "Section 43". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  30. ^ "Official Web Site of Lenny Gomulka and the Chicago Push". chicagopush.com. Archived from the original on 7 March 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  31. ^ "Section 44". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  32. ^ "Section 47". www.mass.gov. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  33. ^ NE-gov-symbols.
  34. ^ "Section 3:7 State Songs". www.gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  35. ^ reynolds. "Frequently Asked Questions | NJ Facts". www.state.nj.us. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  36. ^ http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/emblems/song.htms
  37. ^ Ohio Revised Code: 1989 S 33, eff. 11-6-89; 1989 H 457
  38. ^ House Concurrent Resolution 16 on November 20, 1985.
  39. ^ "25 Okla. Stat.] § 94.1–3". state.ok.us. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  40. ^ "Oklahoma Session Laws – 2001 – Section 47 – Oklahoma State Folk Song; declaring "Oklahoma Hills" as the Oklahoma State Folk Song. Effective date". www.oscn.net. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  41. ^ 25 Okla. Stat. § 94.8–10
  42. ^ 25 Okla. Stat. § 94.5–7
  43. ^ 25 Okla. Stat. § 94.11–13
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "State Songs". State of Tennessee. Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  45. ^ Tennessee Journal, Vol. 36, No. 23, June 4, 2010
  46. ^ Tom Humphrey, 'Smoky Mountain Rain' Wins Race to Become 8th State Song Archived 2010-06-06 at the Wayback Machine, KnoxNews website, June 3, 2010.
  47. ^ Spain, Jr., Charles A. (19 May 2014). "Texas, Our Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  48. ^ "State Song" (Texas Government Code § 3101.005)
  49. ^ Utah State Song - "Utah, This is the Place" from pioneer.utah.gov "Pioneer: Utah's Online Library" page. Retrieved on 2008-09-08
  50. ^ Utah State Hymn - "Utah We Love Thee" from pioneer.utah.gov "Pioneer: Utah's Online Library" page. Retrieved on 2008-09-08
  51. ^ "State Song". Secretary of State of Vermont. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  52. ^ The song was rescinded in 1998 but is still not yet replaced and still in use until for the time being.
  53. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-11.
  54. ^ "Washington State Facts". wsdot. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  55. ^ a b c Ramella, Richard. "West Virginia's Three State Songs". West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  56. ^ "'Take Me Home, Country Roads' a WVa State Song". USA Today. March 7, 2014.
  57. ^ a b c "State song, state ballad, state waltz, state dance, and state symbols". Wisconsin Legislature 1.10. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  58. ^ "Wyoming Facts and Symbols: State Song". State of Wyoming. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  59. ^ a b Imhoff, Gary (October 1999). "Our Official Songs". DC Watch. Retrieved February 7, 2012.

External links

Beautiful Nebraska

Beautiful Nebraska is the official state song of Nebraska. Music was written by Jim Fras in

1960. Words written by Jim Fras and Guy G. Miller prior to adoption as Nebraska's state song in 1967.

Give Me Louisiana

"Give Me Louisiana" is one of the state songs of Louisiana. It was written in 1970 by Doralice Fontane, and arranged by Dr. John Croom.Lyrics:

Give me Louisiana,

The state where I was born

The state of snowy cotton,

The best I've ever known;

A state of sweet magnolias,

And Creole melodies

Oh give me Louisiana,

The state where I was born

Oh what sweet old memories

The mossy old oaks bring

It brings us the story of our Evangeline

A state of old tradition,

of old plantation days

Makes good old Louisiana

The sweetest of all states.

Give me Louisiana,

A state prepared to share

That good old southern custom,

Hospitality so rare;

A state of fruit and flowers,

Of sunshine and spring showers

Oh give me Louisiana,

The state where I was born

Its woodlands, Its marshes

Where humble trappers live

Its rivers, Its valleys,

A place to always give

A state where work is pleasure,

With blessings in full measure

Makes good old Louisiana

The dearest of all states.

Give me Louisiana,

Where love birds always sing

In shady lanes or pastures,

The cowbells softly ring;

The softness of the sunset

Brings peace and blissful rest

Oh give me Louisiana,

The state where I was born

The smell of sweet clover

Which blossoms everywhere

The fresh new mown hay

Where children romp and play

A state of love and laughter,

A state for all here after

Makes good old Louisiana

The grandest of all states.

I Love You, California

"I Love You, California" (1913) is the official state song of California. The lyrics were written by Francis Beatty Silverwood (1863–1924), a Los Angeles clothier, and the words were subsequently put to music by Abraham Franklin Frankenstein (1873–1934), then conductor of the Orpheum Theatre Orchestra. Frankenstein was a cousin of the San Francisco Chronicle's long-time music and art critic Alfred V. Frankenstein. The song was published by Hatch & Loveland, Music Printers, Los Angeles, California, and copyrighted by F.B. Silverwood in 1913. It was the official song of expositions held in San Francisco and San Diego in 1915.

List of anthems of non-sovereign states, regions, and territories

This is a list of anthems of non-sovereign states, regions, and dependent territories. U.S. states are omitted; their regional anthems can be found at List of U.S. state songs.

List of national anthems

Most nation-states have anthems, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism"; most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. A hymn can become a national anthem by a provision in the state's constitution, by a law enacted by its legislature, or simply by tradition. A royal anthem is a patriotic song similar to a national anthem, but it specifically praises or prays for a monarch or royal dynasty. Such anthems are usually performed at public appearances by the monarch or during other events of royal importance. Some states use the royal anthem as the national anthem, such as the anthem of Jordan.

There are multiple claimants to the position of oldest national anthem. Among the national anthems, the first to be composed was the Dutch national anthem the "Wilhelmus", which was written between 1568 and 1572. The Japanese anthem, "Kimigayo", employs the oldest lyrics of any national anthem, taking its words from the "Kokin Wakashū", which was first published in 905, yet these words were not set to music until 1880. The first anthem to be officially adopted as such was the Spanish anthem "Marcha Real", in 1770; its origins remain unclear, being suggested to have sixteenth century Venetian origins, or even to have been composed by king Frederick the Great himself; it is also one of the few national anthems that has never had official lyrics. Anthems became increasingly popular among European states in the 18th century. For example, the British national anthem "God Save the Queen" was first performed under the title "God Save the King" in 1745. The French anthem "La Marseillaise" was written half a century later in 1792, and adopted in 1795.National anthems are usually written in the most common language of the state, whether de facto or official. States with multiple national languages may offer several versions of their anthem. For instance, Switzerland's national anthem has different lyrics for each of the country's four official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh. One of New Zealand's two national anthems is commonly sung with the first verse in Māori ("Aotearoa") and the second in English ("God Defend New Zealand"). The tune is the same but the lyrics have different meanings. South Africa's national anthem is unique in that it is two different songs put together with five of the country's eleven official languages being used, in which each language comprises a stanza.

Lists of songs

This is a list of song-related list articles on Wikipedia. In music, a song is a musical composition for voice or voices, performed by singing or alongside musical instruments. A choral or vocal song may be accompanied by musical instruments, or it may be unaccompanied, as in the case of a cappella songs. The lyrics (words) of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature, though they may be religious verses or free prose.

Maryland, My Maryland

"Maryland, My Maryland" is the official state song of the U.S. state of Maryland. The song is set to the melody of "Lauriger Horatius" — the same tune "O Tannenbaum" was taken from. The lyrics are from a nine-stanza poem written by James Ryder Randall (1839–1908) in 1861. The state's general assembly adopted "Maryland, My Maryland" as the state song on April 29, 1939.The song's words refer to Maryland's history and geography and specifically mention several historical figures of importance to the state. The song calls for Maryland to fight the Union and was used across the South during the Civil War as a battle hymn. It has been called America's "most martial poem".Due to its origin in reaction to the Baltimore riot of 1861 and Randall's support for the Confederate States of America, it includes lyrics that refer to President Abraham Lincoln as "the tyrant", "the despot", and "the Vandal", and to the Union as "Northern scum", as well as referring to the phrase "Sic semper tyrannis", which was the slogan later shouted by Marylander John Wilkes Booth when he assassinated Lincoln. For these reasons, occasional attempts have been made to replace it as Maryland's state song, but to date, all such attempts have met with failure.

Our Great Virginia

"Our Great Virginia" became the official traditional state song of Virginia in 2015. Sung to the traditional tune "Oh Shenandoah," with music arranged by Jim Papoulis, its lyrics were written by Mike Greenly.

State of Maine Song

"State of Maine" is a US state song by Roger Vinton Snow.

The Arkansas Traveler (song)

"The Arkansas Traveler" was the state song of Arkansas from 1949 to 1963; it has been the state historical song since 1987. The music was composed in the 19th century by Colonel Sanford C. 'Sandy' Faulkner (1806–1874); the current official lyrics were written by a committee in 1947 in preparation for its naming as the state song.

Arkansas' other official state songs are "Arkansas" (state anthem) as well as "Arkansas (You Run Deep In Me)" & "Oh, Arkansas" (both state songs).

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