List of U.S. state and territory nicknames

The following is a table of U.S. state and territory nicknames, including officially adopted nicknames, and other traditional nicknames for the 50 U.S. states and the 5 inhabited . territories (and the District of Columbia).

Nicknames of the states, 1884
Map of the United States showing the state nicknames as hogs. Lithograph by Mackwitz, St. Louis, 1884.

State and territory nicknames

Current official state and territory nicknames are highlighted in bold. A state nickname is not to be confused with an official state motto.

federal district,
or territory
 Alabama [1][A]
 American Samoa
  • Motu o Fiafiaga (a Samoan phrase; in English, it is "Islands of Paradise")[8] (currently used on American Samoa license plates)[9]
  • Football Island[s][10]
  • Chemical Capital of the World[29] (due to one time being the corporate headquarters for several international chemical companies.)
  • Corporate Capital (due to the state's business-friendly incorporation laws)[29]
  • Diamond State (Thomas Jefferson is supposed to have referred to Delaware as being like a diamond- small in size but great in value)[30]
  • Blue Hen State or Blue Hen Chicken State[31]
  • The First State[29][32] (Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution; currently used on license plates)
  • Peach State[29] (no longer used; see Georgia)
  • Small Wonder[29]
 District of Columbia [A]
  • Nation's Capital[33]
  • DMV (nickname for the broader metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia)[33]
  • Inside the Beltway
  • Peach State[35] (currently used on license plates)
  • Cracker State — Along with Florida, Georgia had been called "The Cracker State" in earlier times, perhaps a derogatory term that referred to immigrants, called "crackers," from the mountains of Virginia and North Carolina.[36] See also Atlanta Crackers: Origin of the name
  • Empire State of the South — Georgia is the largest state in land area east of the Mississippi and was the leading industrial state of the Old South.[37]
  • Goober State — Refers to peanuts, the official state crop.[38]
  • State of Adventure (On highway welcome signs)
  • America's Heartland (previously used on Licence Plates)
  • Central State[15]
  • Dorothy's Home
  • Midway USA (previously used on Kansas Licence Plates)
  • Sunflower State[15]
  • Wheat State (previously used on license plates)
  • Baked Bean State[60]
  • Codfish State (formerly represented on license plates by a codfish)
  • The Bay State[60]
  • Old Colony State[61]
  • Pilgrim State[60]
  • The Spirit of America (currently used on license plates)
  • The People's Republic of Massachusetts (colloquial)
  • Taxachusetts (colloquial)[62][63][64][65][66]
  • The Great Lakes State (previously used on license plates)
  • Water Wonderland and Water-Winter Wonderland (previously used on license plates)
  • The Wolverine State[67]
  • The Mitten State
  • Gopher State[15]
  • Land of 10,000 Lakes ("10,000 Lakes" currently used on license plates)
  • New England of the West[15]
  • North Star State
  • State of Hockey[68]
  • ”Minne(snow)ta”
  • Bread and Butter State[15]
  • Big Sky Country (previously used on license plates)
  • The Last Best Place[69]
  • Treasure State (currently used on license plates)
  • Antelope State[70]
  • Beef State (previously used on license plates)
  • Cornhusker State (previously used on license plates)[71][70]
  • Bugeating State[72][70]
  • Blackwater State[15][70]
  • The Good Life (as seen on state border signs)
  • Tree Planters State[70]
 New Hampshire
 New Jersey
 New Mexico
  • Cactus State[75]
  • Land of Enchantment[76] (currently used on license plates)
  • Land of Sunshine (predates "Land of Enchantment"; this earlier nickname highlighted the large percentage of sunshine received statewide)[75]
 New York
 North Carolina
  North Dakota
 Northern Mariana Islands [A]
  • Håfa Adai (a Chamorro phrase; in English, it is "Hello")[80] (currently used on Northern Mariana Islands license plates)[81][note 1]
  • America's Best Kept Secret[82]
 Puerto Rico
  • Isla del Encanto ("Island of Enchantment") (currently used on license plates)
  • Borinquen (name given by indigenous people, the Tainos)[88]
 Rhode Island
 South Carolina
 South Dakota
 U.S. Virgin Islands [A]
 West Virginia
  • Cowboy State
  • Equality State
  • Forever West (on highway welcome signs)

See also


A. ^ No official nickname
  1. ^ Though this phrase is used on license plates, it is unclear if it is the official nickname of the Northern Mariana Islands


  1. ^ "Emblems Index". State of Alabama. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  2. ^ a b Introduction to Alabama, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c "Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2007-03-18. Alabama does not have an official nickname.
  4. ^ "Heart of Dixie". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2004-06-29. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  5. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (First of Four Parts)". Voice of America. VOA Special English program. 2008-01-06. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  6. ^ a b c d e The Last Frontier State, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  7. ^ Alaska Division of Economic Development (2010-12-21). "Alaska Division of Economic Development". Alaska Division of Economic Development. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
  8. ^ Honor, Respect, Devotion to Duty: Coast Guard Auxiliarists Mike and Paula McDonald. Connie Terrell. September 30, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  9. ^ American Samoa. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  10. ^ American Samoa Facts. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Introduction to Arizona, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  12. ^ Ariz. HB 2549 Officially adopted by Arizona on February 14, 2011
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Introduction to Arkansas, US States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  14. ^ Arkansas § 1-4-106 - State nickname Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "States, Popular Names of" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  16. ^ California Government Code Section 420.75 Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  17. ^ "State Symbols". California State Library. State of California. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  18. ^ a b c d "Colorado". NState, LLC. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  19. ^ a b "Colorado State Name and Nicknames". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  20. ^ "Colorado State Flower". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  21. ^ "Colorado Water History" (asp). Colorado Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
  22. ^ Denver, Colorado
  23. ^ "Colorado". USATourist. Archived from the original on 2012-12-16. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  24. ^ Colorado Ski Country USA history Archived 2014-03-16 at
  25. ^ Introduction to Colorado, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  26. ^ Dermondy, K.C. (May 6, 2014). "Colorado's 10 Most Picturesque Mountain Towns | OutThere Colorado". OutThere Colorado. Retrieved June 2, 2018. This “Switzerland of America” as it’s often called, sits deep in the heart of the dramatic San Juan Mountains. It’s lined with grand Victorian buildings and is home to natural hot springs where you can soak up all of that scenery while relaxing in the soothing warm waters.
  27. ^ Conn. Stat. Sec. 3-110a, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  28. ^ "WCSU - Connecticut as the Provision State". Retrieved 2017-06-03.
  29. ^ a b c d e Introduction to Delaware, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  30. ^ "Jewel among the states (Quotation)". Monticello.ORG. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Barry Popik, Smoky City, website, March 27, 2005
  32. ^ Delaware Code Title 29 Section 318 retrieved on February 28, 2011
  33. ^ a b Farhi, Paul. (2010, July 30). After initial obscurity, 'The DMV' nickname for Washington area picks up speed. Washington Post. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  34. ^ a b c d e Introduction to Florida, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  35. ^ "Quick Facts: State Symbols". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  36. ^ "Folklife: Customs and Local Traditions". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  37. ^ "History & Archaeology: Antebellum Industrialization". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  38. ^ "Land & Resources: Peanuts". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  39. ^ a b c Guam ( Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  40. ^ Guam. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  41. ^ Driven by island heritage, Guam native serves country, community, family. Arielle Vasquez. May 08, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  42. ^ "Hawaii Revised Statutes § 5-7". Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  43. ^ a b c d Introduction to Hawaii, 50 States.
  44. ^ "HAWAII: A RAINBOW OF CULTURAL RICHES: A world of traditions blending for centuries offers cultural activities of colorful diversity". Archived from the original on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
  45. ^ 808 State Frequently Asked Questions: Where did 808 State get their name from?, 808 State Official Website.
  46. ^ 808 State Update, Talk Radio Hawaii
  47. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Second of Four Parts)". Voice of America. VOA Special English program. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  48. ^ a b Introduction to Idaho, 50 States.
  49. ^ "SuperPages: Idaho History". Retrieved 2008-03-21.
  50. ^ "Illinois". Illinois State Symbols & Emblems. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  51. ^ a b c d Introduction to Illinois, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  52. ^ The unofficial sobriquet of the State of Indiana has given rise to the humorous constructions Hoosierana (the land of Hoosiers; see uses in Indiana Journalism Hall of Fame Archived 2005-09-12 at the Wayback Machine and by sports journalist Frank DeFord) and Hoosierstan (the place of Hoosiers).
  53. ^ "Iowa State Nickname - "The Hawkeye State"". State Symbols USA. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  54. ^ a b c d Introduction to Kentucky, 50 States.
  55. ^ "State Nicknames". Retrieved 2013-05-24.
  56. ^ Judy Colbert, Off the Beaten Path: Maryland and Delaware, 8th ed., 2007, ISBN 978-0-7627-4418-3.
  57. ^ a b c d e f "The State of Maryland - An Introduction to the Old Line State from". Netstate.Com. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
  58. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Third of Four Parts)". Voice of America. VOA Special English program. 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  59. ^ Archives of Maryland Online Archived 2010-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
  60. ^ a b c Introduction to Massachusetts, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  61. ^ Massachusetts (state, United States), Britannica Online, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  62. ^ Andrew Ryan, Report: 'Taxachusetts' label remains part of Massachusetts' past, Boston Globe, April 6, 2007.
  63. ^ Daniel J. Flynn, 'Taxachusetts' no more?, Forbes, October 22, 2008.
  64. ^ 'Taxachusetts' Voters May Eliminate State Income Tax, Fox News, October 7, 2008.
  65. ^ Michael D. Shear, Giuliani Backers Attack 'Taxachusetts Romney', The Washington Post, December 12, 2007.
  66. ^ Slate's Chatterbox: The Myth of 'Taxachusetts', National Public Radio, October 15, 2004.
  67. ^ Holland, Meegan (15 March 2010). "Death of Michigan's only Wolverine brings up question: Why are we still the Wolverine State?". MLive. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  68. ^ Jess Myers, Hockey roots run deep in Minnesota,, February 10, 2004
  69. ^ In Montana, a Popular Expression Is Taken Off the Endangered List New York Times, August 17, 2008; Retrieved February 28, 2011
  70. ^ a b c d e Nancy Capace, Encyclopedia of Nebraska. Somerset Publishers, Inc., Jan 1, 1999, p2-3
  71. ^ [1], Nebraska Rev. Stat. § 90-101, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  72. ^
  73. ^ a b c "New Hampshire Almanac >Fast New Hampshire Facts". State of New Hampshire official website. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
  74. ^ Peterson, Ivar (August 29, 1992). "New Jersey Is the Garbage State No More; Once Known for Its Pollution, It Is Now Known for Getting Tough on the Polluters". New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2016. its grim reputation as the Garbage State of a decade ago, when waste dumps smoked and smoldered, waterways were glazed with gunk and Federal officials identified more toxic cleanup sites per square mile than in any other state.
  75. ^ a b New Mexico Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  76. ^ New Mexico Revised Statutes, Sec. 12-3-4-N, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  77. ^ a b Introduction to North Carolina, 50 States, retrieved February 28, 2011.
  78. ^ "Why We are Called Tar Heels". UNC Libraries. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  79. ^ Variety Vacationland Postcard Exhibit Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  80. ^ Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  81. ^ Northern Mariana Islands. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  82. ^ Northern Mariana Islands - Things to do. Retrieved November 24, 2017
  83. ^ "It's official: Ohio IS the birthplace of aviation". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 2003-06-14. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
  84. ^ Elkins, Keith A. (2011). Mr. E. 2003: Manifest Lessons from Ohio's Bicentennial Celebration. iUniverse. p. 293. ISBN 9781462048922.
  85. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Fourth of Four Parts)". Voice of America. VOA Special English program. 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  86. ^ Writer John Francon Williams included a mention of Oregon as being the ‘Beaver State’ in 1892 in his book:The Advanced Class-Book of Modern Geography: Physical, Political, Commercial, by William Hughes and John Francon Williams, publ., London, George Philip & Son (1892) page 629: ‘OREGON, the ‘Beaver State,’ extends north of California to the Columbia River, which divides it from Washington.’
  87. ^ "Oregon's license plate from 1960 to circa 1966". Plate Shack. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
  88. ^ "98.03.04: The Taínos of Puerto Rico: Rediscovering Borinquen". Retrieved 2013-05-24.
  89. ^ a b
  90. ^ "Iodine". South Carolina Encyclopedia. 2007-04-14. Archived from the original on May 19, 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
  91. ^ a b c d e South Dakota Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  92. ^ "South Dakota Laws 1-6-16.5". Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  93. ^ a b c d e Tennessee Symbols and Honors, in Tennessee Blue Book
  94. ^ "Texas:Facts, Map, and State Symbols". Retrieved 2008-03-09.
  95. ^ U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  96. ^ Virgin Islands ( Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  97. ^ "NetState: Utah". Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  98. ^ "State it on a plate — Over the years, slogans, designs have taken some poetic license". Deseret News.
  99. ^
  100. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  101. ^ Johnston, Ross B. (1926). West Virginia "the Switzerland of America" : a brief guide for tourists to some of its many scenic and historic places. Charleston, W. Va. :: West Virginia Dept. of Agriculture. OCLC 9814800.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  102. ^ a b "Wisconsin State Symbols Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine" in Wisconsin Blue Book 2005-2006, p. 966. Wisconsin has no Official nickname.
  103. ^ Dornfeld, Margaret; Hantula, Richard (2010). Wisconsin: It's my state!. Marshall Cavendish. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-60870-062-2.
  104. ^ Urdang, Laurence (1988). Names and Nicknames of Places and Things. Penguin Group USA. p. 8. ISBN 9780452009073. "America's Dairyland" A nickname of Wisconsin
  105. ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; Alexander, Gerard L. (1979). Nicknames and sobriquets of U.S. cities, States, and counties. Scarecrow Press. p. 412. ISBN 9780810812550. Wisconsin - America's Dairyland, The Badger State ... The Copper State ...
  106. ^ Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Wisconsin Encyclopedia, American Guide. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 10. ISBN 9781878592613. Nicknames Wisconsin is generally known as The Badger State, The Dairy State, or America's Dairyland, although in the past it has been nicknamed The Copper State.

External links

Empire State

The U.S. state of New York has been known by many nicknames, most notably as the Empire State, adopted as late as the 19th century. This nickname has been incorporated into the names of several state buildings and events, and is commonly believed to refer to the state's wealth and resources. However, the origin of the term remains unclear.

There are several theories on the origin of the name. Two of them involve George Washington, one credits aggressive trade routes, and another associates the nickname with New York exceeding Virginia in population. None has been proven. One commonly accepted tale says that, when Washington was given a full map of New York prior to the Battle of New York, he remarked on New York's natural geographic advantages, proclaiming New York the "Seat of an Empire".

The origin of the term has puzzled many historians; as American writer Paul Eldridge put it, "Who was the merry wag who crowned the State ... [as the Empire State]? New York would certainly raise a monument to his memory, but he made his grandiose gesture and vanished forever."

Lists of nicknames

This is a list of nickname-related list articles on Wikipedia. A nickname is "a familiar or humorous name given to a person or thing instead of or as well as the real name." A nickname is often considered desirable, symbolising a form of acceptance, but can sometimes be a form of ridicule. A moniker also means a nickname or personal name. The word often distinguishes personal names from nicknames that became proper names out of former nicknames. English examples are Bob and Rob, nickname variants for Robert.



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