List of Super Bowl champions

The Super Bowl is the annual American football game that determines the champion of the National Football League (NFL). The game culminates a season that begins in the previous calendar year, and is the conclusion of the NFL playoffs. The contest is held in an American city, chosen three to four years beforehand,[1] usually at warm-weather sites or domed stadiums.[2] Since January 1971, the winner of the American Football Conference (AFC) Championship Game has faced the winner of the National Football Conference (NFC) Championship Game in the culmination of the NFL playoffs.

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 15 - Willie Davis (cropped)
The Packers defeated the Chiefs in the first AFL–NFL Championship Game (Super Bowl I).

Before the 1970 merger between the American Football League (AFL) and the National Football League (NFL), the two leagues met in four such contests. The first two were marketed as the "AFL–NFL World Championship Game", but were also casually referred to as "the Super Bowl game" during the television broadcast.[3] Super Bowl III in January 1969 was the first such game that carried the "Super Bowl" moniker in official marketing; the names "Super Bowl I" and "Super Bowl II" were retroactively applied to the first two games.[4] The NFC/NFL leads in Super Bowl wins with 27, while the AFC/AFL has won 26. Twenty franchises, including teams that have relocated to another city, have won the Super Bowl.[5]

The New England Patriots (6–5) and Pittsburgh Steelers (6–2) have won the most Super Bowls with six championships, while the Dallas Cowboys (5–3) and the San Francisco 49ers (5–1) have five wins. New England has the most Super Bowl appearances with eleven, while the Buffalo Bills (0–4) have the most consecutive appearances with four (all losses) from 1990 to 1993. The Miami Dolphins (1971–1973) and New England Patriots (2016–2018) are the only other teams to have at least three consecutive appearances. The Denver Broncos (3–5) and Patriots have each lost a record five Super Bowls. The Minnesota Vikings (0–4) and the Bills have lost four. The record for consecutive wins is two and is shared by seven franchises: the Green Bay Packers (1966–1967), the Miami Dolphins (1972–1973), the Pittsburgh Steelers (1974–1975 and 1978–1979, the only team to accomplish this feat twice and have four wins in six seasons), the San Francisco 49ers (1988–1989), the Dallas Cowboys (1992–1993), the Denver Broncos (1997–1998), and the New England Patriots (2003–2004). Among those, Dallas (1992–1993; 1995) and New England (2001; 2003–2004) are the only teams to win three out of four consecutive Super Bowls. The 1972 Dolphins capped off the only perfect season in NFL history with their victory in Super Bowl VII. The only team with multiple Super Bowl appearances and no losses is the Baltimore Ravens, who in winning Super Bowl XLVII defeated and replaced the 49ers in that position. Four current NFL teams have never appeared in a Super Bowl, including franchise relocations and renaming: the Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lions, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Houston Texans, though both the Browns (1950, 1954, 1955, 1964) and Lions (1935, 1952, 1953, 1957) had won NFL championship games prior to the creation of the Super Bowl.

Super Bowl Championship (1966–present)

Numbers in parentheses in the table are Super Bowl appearances as of the date of that Super Bowl and are used as follows:

  • Winning team and losing team columns indicate the number of times that team has appeared in a Super Bowl as well as each respective teams' Super Bowl record to date.
  • Venue column indicates number of times that stadium has hosted a Super Bowl.
  • City column indicates number of times that metropolitan area has hosted a Super Bowl.
(1967–1970) (1971–present)
National Football League (NFL) National Football Conference (NFC)
NFL champion
(4, 2–2)
NFC champion*
(49, 25–24)
American Football League (AFL) American Football Conference (AFC)
AFL champion^
(4, 2–2)
AFC champion
(49, 24–25)
Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Venue City Attendance Ref
[note 1]
January 15, 1967 Green Bay Packers
(1, 1–0)
35–10 Kansas City Chiefs^
(1, 0–1)
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles, California[note 2] 61,946 [11]
[note 1]
January 14, 1968 Green Bay Packers
(2, 2–0)
33–14 Oakland Raiders^
(1, 0–1)
Miami Orange Bowl Miami, Florida[note 3] 75,546 [12]
[note 1]
January 12, 1969 New York Jets^
(1, 1–0)
16–7  Baltimore Colts
(1, 0–1)
Miami Orange Bowl (2) Miami, Florida (2)[note 3] 75,389 [13]
[note 1]
January 11, 1970 Kansas City Chiefs^
(2, 1–1)
23–7  Minnesota Vikings
(1, 0–1)
Tulane Stadium New Orleans, Louisiana 80,562 [14]
V January 17, 1971 Baltimore Colts
(2, 1–1)
16–13  Dallas Cowboys*
(1, 0–1)
Miami Orange Bowl (3) Miami, Florida (3)[note 3] 79,204 [15]
VI January 16, 1972 Dallas Cowboys*
(2, 1–1)
24–3  Miami Dolphins
(1, 0–1)
Tulane Stadium (2) New Orleans, Louisiana (2) 81,023 [16]
VII January 14, 1973 Miami Dolphins
(2, 1–1)
14–7  Washington Redskins*
(1, 0–1)
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (2) Los Angeles, California (2)[note 2] 90,182 [17]
VIII January 13, 1974 Miami Dolphins
(3, 2–1)
24–7  Minnesota Vikings*
(2, 0–2)
Rice Stadium Houston, Texas 71,882 [18]
IX January 12, 1975 Pittsburgh Steelers
(1, 1–0)
16–6  Minnesota Vikings*
(3, 0–3)
Tulane Stadium (3) New Orleans, Louisiana (3) 80,997 [19]
X January 18, 1976 Pittsburgh Steelers
(2, 2–0)
21–17 Dallas Cowboys*
(3, 1–2)
Miami Orange Bowl (4) Miami, Florida (4)[note 3] 80,187 [20]
XI January 9, 1977 Oakland Raiders
(2, 1–1)
32–14 Minnesota Vikings*
(4, 0–4)
Rose Bowl Pasadena, California (3)[note 2] 103,438 [21]
XII January 15, 1978 Dallas Cowboys*
(4, 2–2)
27–10 Denver Broncos
(1, 0–1)
Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana (4) 76,400 [22]
XIII January 21, 1979 Pittsburgh Steelers
(3, 3–0)
35–31 Dallas Cowboys*
(5, 2–3)
Miami Orange Bowl (5) Miami, Florida (5)[note 3] 79,484 [23]
XIV January 20, 1980 Pittsburgh Steelers
(4, 4–0)
31–19 Los Angeles Rams*
(1, 0–1)
Rose Bowl (2) Pasadena, California (4)[note 2] 103,985 [24]
XV January 25, 1981 Oakland Raiders
(3, 2–1)
27–10 Philadelphia Eagles*
(1, 0–1)
Louisiana Superdome (2) New Orleans, Louisiana (5) 76,135 [25]
XVI January 24, 1982 San Francisco 49ers*
(1, 1–0)
26–21 Cincinnati Bengals
(1, 0–1)
Pontiac Silverdome Pontiac, Michigan[note 2] 81,270 [26]
XVII January 30, 1983 Washington Redskins*
(2, 1–1)
27–17 Miami Dolphins
(4, 2–2)
Rose Bowl (3) Pasadena, California (5)[note 2] 103,667 [27]
XVIII January 22, 1984 Los Angeles Raiders
(4, 3–1)
38–9  Washington Redskins*
(3, 1–2)
Tampa Stadium Tampa, Florida 72,920 [28]
XIX January 20, 1985 San Francisco 49ers*
(2, 2–0)
38–16 Miami Dolphins
(5, 2–3)
Stanford Stadium Stanford, California[note 2] 84,059 [29]
XX January 26, 1986 Chicago Bears*
(1, 1–0)
46–10 New England Patriots
(1, 0–1)
Louisiana Superdome (3) New Orleans, Louisiana (6) 73,818 [30]
XXI January 25, 1987 New York Giants*
(1, 1–0)
39–20 Denver Broncos
(2, 0–2)
Rose Bowl (4) Pasadena, California (6)[note 2] 101,063 [31]
XXII January 31, 1988 Washington Redskins*
(4, 2–2)
42–10 Denver Broncos
(3, 0–3)
San Diego–Jack Murphy Stadium[note 4] San Diego, California 73,302 [32]
XXIII January 22, 1989 San Francisco 49ers*
(3, 3–0)
20–16 Cincinnati Bengals
(2, 0–2)
Joe Robbie Stadium[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (6)[note 3] 75,129 [33]
XXIV January 28, 1990 San Francisco 49ers*
(4, 4–0)
55–10 Denver Broncos
(4, 0–4)
Louisiana Superdome (4) New Orleans, Louisiana (7) 72,919 [34]
XXV January 27, 1991 New York Giants*
(2, 2–0)
20–19 Buffalo Bills
(1, 0–1)
Tampa Stadium (2) Tampa, Florida (2) 73,813 [35]
XXVI January 26, 1992 Washington Redskins*
(5, 3–2)
37–24 Buffalo Bills
(2, 0–2)
Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota 63,130 [36]
XXVII January 31, 1993 Dallas Cowboys*
(6, 3–3)
52–17 Buffalo Bills
(3, 0–3)
Rose Bowl (5) Pasadena, California (7)[note 2] 98,374 [37]
XXVIII January 30, 1994 Dallas Cowboys*
(7, 4–3)
30–13 Buffalo Bills
(4, 0–4)
Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia 72,817 [38]
XXIX January 29, 1995 San Francisco 49ers*
(5, 5–0)
49–26 San Diego Chargers
(1, 0–1)
Joe Robbie Stadium (2)[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (7)[note 3] 74,107 [39]
XXX January 28, 1996 Dallas Cowboys*
(8, 5–3)
27–17 Pittsburgh Steelers
(5, 4–1)
Sun Devil Stadium Tempe, Arizona[note 2] 76,347 [40]
XXXI January 26, 1997 Green Bay Packers*
(3, 3–0)
35–21 New England Patriots
(2, 0–2)
Louisiana Superdome (5) New Orleans, Louisiana (8) 72,301 [41]
XXXII January 25, 1998 Denver Broncos
(5, 1–4)
31–24 Green Bay Packers*
(4, 3–1)
Qualcomm Stadium (2)[note 4] San Diego, California (2) 68,912 [42]
XXXIII January 31, 1999 Denver Broncos
(6, 2–4)
34–19 Atlanta Falcons*
(1, 0–1)
Pro Player Stadium (3)[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (8)[note 3] 74,803 [43]
XXXIV January 30, 2000 St. Louis Rams*
(2, 1–1)
23–16 Tennessee Titans
(1, 0–1)
Georgia Dome (2) Atlanta, Georgia (2) 72,625 [44]
XXXV January 28, 2001 Baltimore Ravens
(1, 1–0)
34–7  New York Giants*
(3, 2–1)
Raymond James Stadium Tampa, Florida (3) 71,921 [45]
XXXVI February 3, 2002 New England Patriots
(3, 1–2)
20–17 St. Louis Rams*
(3, 1–2)
Louisiana Superdome (6) New Orleans, Louisiana (9) 72,922 [46]
XXXVII January 26, 2003 Tampa Bay Buccaneers*
(1, 1–0)
48–21 Oakland Raiders
(5, 3–2)
Qualcomm Stadium (3)[note 4] San Diego, California (3) 67,603 [47]
XXXVIII February 1, 2004 New England Patriots
(4, 2–2)
32–29 Carolina Panthers*
(1, 0–1)
Reliant Stadium[note 6] Houston, Texas (2) 71,525 [48]
XXXIX February 6, 2005 New England Patriots
(5, 3–2)
24–21 Philadelphia Eagles*
(2, 0–2)
Alltel Stadium Jacksonville, Florida 78,125 [49]
XL February 5, 2006 Pittsburgh Steelers
(6, 5–1)
21–10 Seattle Seahawks*
(1, 0–1)
Ford Field Detroit, Michigan (2)[note 2] 68,206 [50]
XLI February 4, 2007 Indianapolis Colts
(3, 2–1)
29–17 Chicago Bears*
(2, 1–1)
Dolphin Stadium (4)[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (9)[note 3] 74,512 [51]
XLII February 3, 2008 New York Giants*
(4, 3–1)
17–14 New England Patriots
(6, 3–3)
University of Phoenix Stadium Glendale, Arizona (2)[note 2] 71,101 [52]
XLIII February 1, 2009 Pittsburgh Steelers
(7, 6–1)
27–23 Arizona Cardinals*
(1, 0–1)
Raymond James Stadium (2) Tampa, Florida (4) 70,774 [53]
XLIV February 7, 2010 New Orleans Saints*
(1, 1–0)
31–17 Indianapolis Colts
(4, 2–2)
Sun Life Stadium (5)[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (10)[note 3] 74,059 [54]
XLV February 6, 2011 Green Bay Packers*
(5, 4–1)
31–25 Pittsburgh Steelers
(8, 6–2)
Cowboys Stadium Arlington, Texas 103,219 [55]
XLVI February 5, 2012 New York Giants*
(5, 4–1)
21–17 New England Patriots
(7, 3–4)
Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis, Indiana 68,658 [56][57]
XLVII February 3, 2013 Baltimore Ravens
(2, 2–0)
34–31 San Francisco 49ers*
(6, 5–1)
Mercedes-Benz Superdome (7) New Orleans, Louisiana (10) 71,024 [56][58]
XLVIII February 2, 2014 Seattle Seahawks*
(2, 1–1)
43–8 Denver Broncos
(7, 2–5)
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford, New Jersey 82,529 [59]
XLIX February 1, 2015 New England Patriots
(8, 4–4)
28–24 Seattle Seahawks*
(3, 1–2)
University of Phoenix Stadium (2) Glendale, Arizona (3)[note 2] 70,288 [60][61]
50 [note 7] February 7, 2016 Denver Broncos
(8, 3–5)
24–10 Carolina Panthers*
(2, 0–2)
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara, California (2)[note 2] 71,088 [61][62][63]
LI February 5, 2017 New England Patriots
(9, 5–4)
34–28 (OT) Atlanta Falcons*
(2, 0–2)
NRG Stadium (2)[note 6] Houston, Texas (3) 70,807 [61][62][63]
LII February 4, 2018 Philadelphia Eagles*
(3, 1–2)
41–33 New England Patriots
(10, 5–5)
U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis, Minnesota (2) 67,612 [64][65]
LIII February 3, 2019 New England Patriots
(11, 6–5)
13–3 Los Angeles Rams*
(4, 1–3)
Mercedes-Benz Stadium Atlanta, Georgia (3) 70,081 [66][67]
LIV February 2, 2020 [note 8] To be determined (TBD) Hard Rock Stadium (6)[note 5] Miami Gardens, Florida (11)[note 3] TBD [66][67]
LV February 7, 2021 [note 8] To be determined Raymond James Stadium (3) Tampa, Florida (5) TBD [66][67]
LVI February 6, 2022 [note 8] To be determined Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park Inglewood, California (8)[note 2] TBD [66][67]
LVII February 5, 2023 [note 8] To be determined State Farm Stadium (3) Glendale, Arizona (4)[note 2] TBD [68]
LVIII February 4, 2024 [note 8] To be determined Mercedes-Benz Superdome (8) New Orleans, Louisiana (11) TBD [69]
Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Venue City Attendance Ref

Consecutive winners

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 46 - Terry Bradshaw (cropped)
The Steelers defeated the Rams in Super Bowl XIV to win an unprecedented four championships in six years.

Seven franchises have won consecutive Super Bowls, one of which (Pittsburgh) has accomplished it twice:

  • Green Bay Packers (Super Bowls I and II)
  • Miami Dolphins (VII and VIII)
  • Pittsburgh Steelers (twice: IX and X, XIII and XIV)
  • San Francisco 49ers (XXIII and XXIV)
  • Dallas Cowboys (XXVII and XXVIII)
  • Denver Broncos (XXXII and XXXIII)
  • New England Patriots (XXXVIII and XXXIX)

No franchise has yet won three Super Bowls in a row, although several have come close:

  • The Green Bay Packers won the first two Super Bowls, and also won the NFL championship the preceding year.
  • The Miami Dolphins appeared in three consecutive Super Bowls (VI, VII, and VIII), winning the last two.
  • The Pittsburgh Steelers won two consecutive Super Bowls (IX and X); the following season they were eliminated in the AFC championship game by the eventual Super Bowl champion Oakland Raiders. They also won two more consecutive Super Bowls (XIII and XIV) for four wins in six seasons.
  • The San Francisco 49ers won two consecutive Super Bowls (XXIII and XXIV); the following season they were eliminated in the NFC championship by the eventual Super Bowl champion New York Giants.
  • The Dallas Cowboys won two consecutive Super Bowls (XXVII and XXVIII); the following season they were eliminated in the NFC championship game by the eventual champion San Francisco 49ers. The Cowboys won Super Bowl XXX the following year for three wins in four seasons.
  • The New England Patriots won Super Bowl XXXVI, which was two years before their consecutive wins in XXXVIII and XXXIX, for three wins in four seasons. They did not make the playoffs in the intervening season (XXXVII). The Patriots also won Super Bowls XLIX, LI, and LIII for three wins in five seasons. In the two intervening seasons they were eliminated in the AFC championship game by the eventual Super Bowl 50 champion Denver Broncos and lost to the Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl LII two years later. Like Miami, they also appeared in three consecutive Super Bowls (LI, LII, and LIII).

Consecutive losers

Three franchises have lost consecutive Super Bowls:

  • Buffalo Bills (4) (Super Bowls XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII) – The only team to appear in four straight Super Bowls, let alone lose in all four appearances.
  • Minnesota Vikings (2) (VIII and IX) – They also lost Super Bowl XI, and were knocked out of the playoffs for Super Bowl X by the eventual losers the Dallas Cowboys for three losses in four seasons.
  • Denver Broncos (2) (XXI and XXII) – They also lost Super Bowl XXIV, but did not even make the playoffs for Super Bowl XXIII for three losses in four seasons.

Consecutive appearances

The Buffalo Bills have the most consecutive appearances with four (all losses) from 1990 to 1993. The Miami Dolphins (1971–1973) and New England Patriots (2016–2018) are the only other teams to have at least three consecutive appearances. Including those three, eleven teams have at least two consecutive appearances. The Dallas Cowboys are the only team with three separate streaks (1970–1971, 1977–1978, and 1992–1993). The Green Bay Packers, Pittsburgh Steelers, Denver Broncos, and Patriots have each had two separate consecutive appearances. The full listing of teams with consecutive appearances is below in order of first occurrence:

  • Green Bay Packers (twice: Super Bowls I and II; XXXI and XXXII)
  • Dallas Cowboys (thrice: V and VI; XII and XIII; XXVII and XXVIII)
  • Miami Dolphins (VI, VII, and VIII)
  • Minnesota Vikings (VIII and IX)
  • Pittsburgh Steelers (twice: IX and X; XIII and XIV)
  • Washington Redskins (XVII and XVII)
  • Denver Broncos (twice: XXI and XXII; XXXII and XXXIII)
  • San Francisco 49ers (XXIII and XXIV)
  • Buffalo Bills (XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII)
  • New England Patriots (twice: XXXVIII and XXXIX; LI, LII, and LIII)
  • Seattle Seahawks (XLVIII and XLIX)

Super Bowl appearances by team

NFL/NFC* teams (27–26) AFL^/AFC teams (26–27)
NFL/AFC team (0–1 as part of the NFL, 2–1 as part of the AFC)[note 9]

In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of appearances, then by number of wins, and finally by number of years since last appearing in a Super Bowl. In the "Seasons" column, bold years indicate winning seasons, and italic years indicate games not yet completed.

Appearances Team Wins Losses Winning
Seasons Years since
last app.
Years since
last win
11 New England Patriots 6 5 .545 1985, 1996, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018 0 0
8 Pittsburgh Steelers[note 9] 6 2 .750 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1995, 2005, 2008, 2010 8 10
8 Dallas Cowboys* 5 3 .625 1970,* 1971,* 1975,* 1977,* 1978,* 1992,* 1993,* 1995* 23 23
8 Denver Broncos 3 5 .375 1977, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2013, 2015 3 3
6 San Francisco 49ers* 5 1 .833 1981,* 1984,* 1988,* 1989,* 1994*, 2012* 6 24
5 Green Bay Packers‡* 4 1 .800 1966, 1967, 1996,* 1997,* 2010* 8 8
5 New York Giants* 4 1 .800 1986,* 1990,* 2000,* 2007,* 2011* 7 7
5 Washington Redskins* 3 2 .600 1972,* 1982,* 1983,* 1987,* 1991* 27 27
5 Los Angeles/Oakland Raiders^† 3 2 .600 1967,^ 1976, 1980, 1983, 2002 16 35
5 Miami Dolphins 2 3 .400 1971, 1972, 1973, 1982, 1984 34 45
4 Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts‡†[note 9] 2 2 .500 1968, 1970, 2006, 2009 9 12
4 St. Louis/Los Angeles Rams* 1 3 .250 1979,* 1999,* 2001,* 2018* 0 19
4 Minnesota Vikings‡* 0 4 .000 1969, 1973,* 1974,* 1976* 42 53
4 Buffalo Bills 0 4 .000 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993 25 53
3 Seattle Seahawks* 1 2 .333 2005,* 2013,* 2014* 4 5
3 Philadelphia Eagles* 1 2 .333 1980,* 2004,* 2017* 1 1
2 Baltimore Ravens[note 10] 2 0 1.000 2000, 2012 6 6
2 Kansas City Chiefs^ 1 1 .500 1966,^ 1969^ 49 49
2 Chicago Bears* 1 1 .500 1985,* 2006* 12 33
2 Cincinnati Bengals 0 2 .000 1981, 1988 30 53
2 Carolina Panthers* 0 2 .000 2003,* 2015* 3 23 [note 11]
2 Atlanta Falcons* 0 2 .000 1998,* 2016* 2 53
1 New York Jets^ 1 0 1.000 1968^ 50 50
1 Tampa Bay Buccaneers* 1 0 1.000 2002* 16 16
1 New Orleans Saints* 1 0 1.000 2009* 9 9
1 San Diego/Los Angeles Chargers 0 1 .000 1994 24 53
1 Houston Oilers/Tennessee Titans 0 1 .000 1999 19 53
1 St. Louis/Arizona Cardinals* 0 1 .000 2008* 10 53
0 Cleveland Browns[note 9][note 10] 0 0 none 53 53
0 Detroit Lions* 0 0 none 53 53
0 Jacksonville Jaguars 0 0 none 23 [note 11] 23 [note 11]
0 Houston Texans 0 0 none 16 [note 12] 16 [note 12]
Appearances Team Wins Losses Winning
Seasons Years since
last app.
Years since
last win
1986 Jeno's Pizza - 11 - Jim McMahon (cropped)
The Patriots played their first championship game in Super Bowl XX (pictured) where they lost to the Bears. This is the most recent Super Bowl where both teams had their first Super Bowl appearance. The Patriots hold the record for most Super Bowl appearances (11) and are tied for both most wins (6, tied with the Steelers) and most losses (5, tied with the Broncos).

Teams with no Super Bowl appearances

Four current teams have never reached the Super Bowl. Two of them held NFL league championships prior to Super Bowl I in the 1966 NFL season:

In addition, Detroit, Houston, and Jacksonville have hosted Super Bowls, making Cleveland the only current NFL city that has neither hosted nor had its team play in a Super Bowl.

Teams with long Super Bowl droughts

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 37 - Joe Namath (cropped)
The Jets' last championship appearance was their victory over the Colts in Super Bowl III.

Although Jacksonville and Houston have never appeared in a Super Bowl, there are teams whose most recent Super Bowl appearance was before Jacksonville and Houston joined the NFL (1995 and 2002, respectively), resulting in similar or longer Super Bowl droughts for the following twelve teams.

Two of these teams have not appeared in the Super Bowl since before the AFL–NFL merger in 1970:[75]

  • New York Jets (most recently appeared in Super Bowl III, 1968 season)
  • Kansas City Chiefs (Super Bowl IV in 1969 season)

However, the Jets and the Chiefs are the only non-NFL teams to win the Super Bowl, both being members of the now-defunct AFL at the time.

The most recent Super Bowl appearance for the following teams was after the AFL–NFL merger, but prior to the 2003 regular season:

Teams with Super Bowl appearances but no victories

Eight teams have appeared in the Super Bowl without ever winning. In descending order of number of appearances, they are:

  • Minnesota Vikings (4), appeared in Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, and XI. They won the NFL Championship Game in 1969, the last year before the AFL–NFL merger, but failed to win the subsequent Super Bowl. An NFL expansion team in 1961, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
  • Buffalo Bills (4), appeared in Super Bowls XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII. Their second and last AFL championship was in 1965, the season before the first Super Bowl.
  • Cincinnati Bengals (2), appeared in Super Bowls XVI and XXIII. An AFL expansion team in 1968, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
  • Atlanta Falcons (2), appeared in Super Bowls XXXIII and LI. An expansion team in 1966, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
  • Carolina Panthers (2), appeared in Super Bowls XXXVIII and 50. A post-merger expansion team, their first season was in 1995.
  • Arizona Cardinals (1), appeared in Super Bowl XLIII. Their last championship was in 1947 as the Chicago Cardinals.
  • Los Angeles Chargers (1), appeared in Super Bowl XXIX as the San Diego Chargers. Their only AFL championship was in 1963.
  • Tennessee Titans (1), appeared in Super Bowl XXXIV. They won the first two AFL Championships in 1960 and 1961 as the Houston Oilers.

Super Bowl rematches

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 27 - Dan Bunz (cropped)
The 49ers and the Bengals, who faced off in Super Bowl XVI (pictured), would play each other again in Super Bowl XXIII.

The following teams have faced each other more than once in the Super Bowl:

  • Dallas Cowboys and Pittsburgh Steelers (3) – Super Bowls X and XIII were won by Pittsburgh, and Super Bowl XXX was won by Dallas. See also Cowboys–Steelers rivalry.
  • Miami Dolphins and Washington Redskins (2) – Super Bowl VII was won by Miami, and Super Bowl XVII was won by Washington.
  • Cincinnati Bengals and San Francisco 49ers (2) – Super Bowls XVI and XXIII were both won by San Francisco.
  • Buffalo Bills and Dallas Cowboys (2) – Super Bowls XXVII and XXVIII, the only rematch in consecutive seasons, were both won by Dallas.
  • New England Patriots and New York Giants (2) – Super Bowls XLII and XLVI were both won by New York.
  • New England Patriots and Philadelphia Eagles (2) – Super Bowl XXXIX was won by New England, Super Bowl LII was won by Philadelphia.
  • New England Patriots and St. Louis/Los Angeles Rams (2) – Super Bowls XXXVI and LIII were both won by New England.

The New York Jets and Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts (Super Bowl III) are the only pair of Super Bowl participants that cannot have a rematch under the current alignment, since the Colts moved from the NFL to the AFC as part of the AFL–NFL merger.[note 9]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d From 1966 to 1969, the first four Super Bowls were "World Championship" games played between two independent professional football leagues, AFL and NFL, and when the league merged in 1970 the Super Bowl became the NFL Championship Game.[4]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Los Angeles, Pasadena, and Inglewood are all located in the Greater Los Angeles Area.[6] Pontiac, Michigan, is a suburb of Detroit.[7] Both Tempe and Glendale are suburbs of Phoenix, Arizona.[8][9] Both Stanford and Santa Clara are part of the San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area.[10]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Miami Orange Bowl was in Miami proper. Hard Rock Stadium, also in Miami-Dade County, opened in an unincorporated area with a Miami address; the area was incorporated as Miami Gardens in 2003.
  4. ^ a b c SDCCU Stadium was originally known as San Diego Stadium, San Diego–Jack Murphy Stadium, and Qualcomm Stadium.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Hard Rock Stadium has also been variously known over the years as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium, Dolphins Stadium (with a plural "s"), Dolphin Stadium (with no "s"), Land Shark Stadium, and Sun Life Stadium.
  6. ^ a b NRG Stadium was originally known as Reliant Stadium.
  7. ^ Unlike other Super Bowls, Super Bowl 50's official name, as designated by the NFL, uses the Arabic numeral "50" instead of the Roman numeral "L".
  8. ^ a b c d e Dates are tentative, pending possible future changes to the NFL calendar.
  9. ^ a b c d e Three NFL franchises, the Colts, Steelers, and Browns, were placed in the newly-formed AFC, joining the ten extant AFL franchises, when the two leagues merged in 1970. The Colts are the only team to have played in the Super Bowl for both the "National" and "American" sides.
  10. ^ a b Although the 1995 Cleveland Browns became the 1996 Baltimore Ravens, the Browns' name, brand and history remained in Cleveland and was continued by the 1999 Cleveland Browns; the Ravens, for historical purposes, are considered a separate franchise.
  11. ^ a b c The Panthers and Jaguars both joined the league in 1995.
  12. ^ a b The Texans joined the league in 2002.


  1. ^ Forbes, Gordon (1990-11-08). "The process of choosing a host city". USA Today. p. 4C.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl cities are far and few between". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved 2015-02-02.
  3. ^ Top Plays in Super Bowl History "and the old veteran scores the first touchdown of the Super Bowl game" YouTube, NFL Highlights.
  4. ^ a b "Culture in NFL History". Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  5. ^ "Super Bowl History". Retrieved 2008-01-13.
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External links

1978 Pittsburgh Steelers season

The 1978 Pittsburgh Steelers season was the franchise's 46th season in the National Football League (NFL). The season concluded with the team winning Super Bowl XIII to become the first franchise in the NFL to win three Super Bowl titles. The championship run was led by quarterback Terry Bradshaw and the team's vaunted Steel Curtain defense. Bradshaw put together the best year of his career to that point, becoming only the second Steeler to win the NFL MVP award. Ten Steelers players were named to the Pro Bowl team, and four were judged as first-team All-Pros by the AP. Head coach Chuck Noll returned for his tenth season—moving him ahead of Walt Kiesling as the longest tenured head coach in the team's history to that point.The Steelers entered the season as defending champions of the AFC Central Division, coming off a 9–5 record in 1977. Despite winning their division, the previous season was a difficult one for the team (both on and off the field) which culminated in a division round playoff loss to the Denver Broncos on Christmas Eve.

The team began the 1978 season with seven straight victories, before losing to the Houston Oilers in prime time on Monday Night Football. They finished the season with a league-best 14–2 record, including a 5-game winning streak to close the season. This record assured them they would play at home throughout the 1978 playoffs. It was also the best record compiled in the team's history (since surpassed only by a 15–1 mark in 2004).The 1978 Steelers team was rated the thirty-fifth best team in the history of the NFL (to September 2015) by FiveThirtyEight, a polling aggregation and statistical service. The rating is based upon FiveThirtyEight's proprietary Elo rating system algorithm. Only two Steelers teams were rated higher: the 1975 team at twelfth and the 2005 team one slot ahead of the 1978 team at thirty-fourth.

List of NFL franchise post-season droughts

This is a list of current National Football League (NFL) franchise post-season and Super Bowl droughts (multiple consecutive seasons of not winning). Listed here are both appearance droughts and winning droughts in almost every level of the NFL playoff system.

As of the 2018 NFL season, every active NFL team has qualified for, and won a game in, the playoffs at least once. Teams that have never made it beyond each successive milestone are listed under the year in which they began NFL play.

Of the 12 teams that have never won the Super Bowl, four (4) are expansion franchises younger than the Super Bowl itself (Bengals, Panthers, Jaguars, and the Texans). The Falcons began playing during the season in which the Super Bowl was first played. The seven (7) other clubs (Cardinals, Lions, Oilers/Titans, Chargers, Browns, Bills, and Vikings) all won an NFL or AFL championship prior to the AFL–NFL merger; in the case of the Vikings, however, the Super Bowl existed at the time they won their league title, leaving them and the Falcons as the only two teams to have existed for as long as or longer than the Super Bowl that have never secured the highest championship available to them. The longest drought since a championship of any kind is that of the Cardinals, at 71 seasons.

Note that for continuity purposes, the Cleveland Browns are officially considered to have suspended operations for the 1996, 1997 and 1998 seasons, Since returning 19 years ago, they have only made the playoffs once, while the Baltimore Ravens are considered to be a separate team that began play in 1996. The Ravens, as a result of the Cleveland Browns relocation controversy, absorbed the Browns' personnel upon their suspension, but not their history.

List of Super Bowl starting quarterbacks

This is a list of quarterbacks with Super Bowl starts.

List of last undefeated NFL teams by season

This is a season-by-season breakdown of the last undefeated National Football League (NFL) team (or teams) in each league, including playoffs. This list indicates the teams who won the most games in a season before suffering their first loss.The last team in a new season to suffer a loss has won the Super Bowl 12 times. Before the Super Bowl era, the last undefeated team won 14 Championship games, four of which were in the AFL. The last team with an unblemished record has made 25 Super Bowl and 26 Championship game appearances.

The Bears have been the last team undefeated 17 times (the last time was during the 2010 season), while the next team, the Rams, have been the last team beaten 12 times as of the 2018 season. The Giants hold the mark for beating the last undefeated team. They have accomplished this 11 times, the last time in 2010.

National Football League

The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC). The NFL is one of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, and the highest professional level of American football in the world. The NFL's 17-week regular season runs from early September to late December, with each team playing 16 games and having one bye week. Following the conclusion of the regular season, six teams from each conference (four division winners and two wild card teams) advance to the playoffs, a single-elimination tournament culminating in the Super Bowl, which is usually held in the first Sunday in February, and is played between the champions of the NFC and AFC.

The NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association (APFA) before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League (AFL) in 1966, and the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season; the merger was completed in 1970. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance (67,591) of any professional sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States. The Super Bowl is among the biggest club sporting events in the world and individual Super Bowl games account for many of the most watched television programs in American history, all occupying the Nielsen's Top 5 tally of the all-time most watched U.S. television broadcasts by 2015. The NFL's executive officer is the commissioner, who has broad authority in governing the league. The players in the league belong to the National Football League Players Association.

The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen (nine NFL titles before the Super Bowl era, and four Super Bowl championships afterwards); the teams with the most Super Bowl championships are the New England Patriots and Pittsburgh Steelers, each with six. The current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Los Angeles Rams in Super Bowl LIII for their sixth Super Bowl championship.

Super Bowl

The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) where the champion of the National Football Conference (NFC) competes against the champion of the American Football Conference (AFC). The game is the culmination of a regular season that begins in the late summer of the previous calendar year. Normally, Roman numerals are used to identify each game, rather than the year in which it is held. For example, Super Bowl I was played on January 15, 1967, following the 1966 regular season. The sole exception to this naming convention tradition occurred with Super Bowl 50, which was played on February 7, 2016, following the 2015 regular season, and the following year, the nomenclature returned to Roman numerals for Super Bowl LI, following the 2016 regular season. The upcoming Super Bowl is Super Bowl LIV, scheduled for February 2, 2020, following the 2019 regular season.

The game was created as a part of the merger agreement between the NFL and its then-rival, the American Football League (AFL). It was agreed that the two's champion teams would play in the AFL–NFL World Championship Game until the merger was to officially begin in 1970. After the merger, each league was redesignated as a "conference", and the game has since been played between the conference champions to determine the NFL's league champion. Currently, the National Football Conference leads the league with 27 wins to 26 wins for the American Football Conference. The Pittsburgh Steelers and the New England Patriots have the most Super Bowl championship titles, with six. The New England Patriots have the most Super Bowl appearances, with eleven. Tom Brady has six Super Bowl rings, which is the record for the most rings won by a single player.

The day on which the Super Bowl is played, now considered by some as an unofficial American national holiday, is called "Super Bowl Sunday". It is the second-largest day for U.S. food consumption, after Thanksgiving Day. In addition, the Super Bowl has frequently been the most-watched American television broadcast of the year; the seven most-watched broadcasts in U.S. television history are Super Bowls. In 2015, Super Bowl XLIX became the most-watched American television program in history with an average audience of 114.4 million viewers, the fifth time in six years the game had set a record, starting with Super Bowl XLIV, which itself had taken over the number-one spot held for 27 years by the final episode of M*A*S*H. The Super Bowl is also among the most-watched sporting events in the world, almost all audiences being North American, and is second to the UEFA Champions League final as the most watched annual sporting event worldwide.The NFL restricts the use of its "Super Bowl" trademark; it is frequently called the Big Game or other generic terms by non-sponsoring corporations. Because of the high viewership, commercial airtime during the Super Bowl broadcast is the most expensive of the year, leading to companies regularly developing their most expensive advertisements for this broadcast. As a result, watching and discussing the broadcast's commercials has become a significant aspect of the event. In addition, popular singers and musicians including Mariah Carey, Michael Jackson, Madonna, Prince, Justin Timberlake, Beyoncé, Janet Jackson, Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones, The Who, Whitney Houston, and Lady Gaga have performed during the event's pre-game and halftime ceremonies.

Super Bowl XLVIII

Super Bowl XLVIII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos and National Football Conference (NFC) champion Seattle Seahawks to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2013 season. The Seahawks defeated the Broncos 43–8, the largest margin of victory for an underdog and tied for the third largest point differential overall (35) in Super Bowl history with Super Bowl XXVII (1993). It was the first time the winning team scored over 40 points, while holding their opponent to under 10. This became the first Super Bowl victory for the Seahawks and the fifth Super Bowl loss for the Broncos, tied with the New England Patriots for the most of any team. The game was played on February 2, 2014 at MetLife Stadium at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey, the first Super Bowl played outdoors in a cold-weather city and the first Super Bowl to be played on February 2.This marked the third time the number one seed from each conference met in the league championship, joining Super Bowl XXVIII (1994) and Super Bowl XLIV (2010). The Seahawks posted a 13–3 record and were making their second Super Bowl appearance in eight years. The Broncos were making their seventh Super Bowl appearance after also posting a 13–3 record. The game also featured the league's top offense (Denver) against the top defense (Seattle), the first time this occurred since Super Bowl XXXVII (2003).Seattle built a 22–0 halftime lead, and then a 36–0 advantage before allowing Denver's first and only score on the final play of the third quarter. The Seahawks defense scored a safety on the first play from scrimmage (coincidentally, the final play from scrimmage of the previous Super Bowl was also a safety), the quickest score in Super Bowl history at 12 seconds. They also became the first team in a Super Bowl to score on a safety, a kickoff return for a touchdown (12 seconds into the second half), and an interception return for a touchdown. The Broncos were held to almost 30 points below their scoring average. Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning, a five-time NFL Most Valuable Player (MVP) award winner, threw two interceptions in the first half. Seahawks linebacker Malcolm Smith, who returned one of those interceptions 69 yards for a touchdown, recovered a fumble and made nine tackles, was named Super Bowl MVP.In the United States, the game was televised by Fox; with an average audience of 111.5 million viewers, and peaking at 115.3 million during the halftime show featuring Bruno Mars, the game was briefly the most-watched U.S. television broadcast of all time, until it was surpassed the following year. The game's inaugural Spanish-language telecast on Fox Deportes was also the highest-rated Spanish-language cable telecast outside of soccer.

Super Bowl champions
NFL Championship Game
AFL Championship Game
AFL-NFL World Championship Games[1]
Super Bowl[2]

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