The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). Prior to entering the NL in 1892, they were also a member of the American Association (AA) from 1882 to 1891.[a] They have won 11 World Series titles as an NL team, one pre-World Series championship and tied another against the NL. Since 1900, the team has been known as the Cardinals. They were originally named the Perfectos. Baseball teams like St. Louis employ a manager to make on-field decisions for the team during the game, similar to the head coach position of other sports. A number of coaches report to the manager, including the bench coach, first and third base coaches, and pitching and hitting coaches, among other coaches and instructors. Mike Matheny, a former catcher for the Cardinals from 2000 to 2004, was the manager from 2012-2018, when he was relieved following a series of disputes, including allegations that he would not speak with Dexter Fowler. He was signed through 2017 and extended to the 2018 season when he was fired. The Cardinals hired bench coach Mike Shildt as interim manager.
Matheny is one of 63 total individuals who have managed the Cardinals, more than any other Major League franchise. Between 1882 and 1918 – 37 total seasons – 37 different managers stayed the helm. Ned Cuthbert became the first manager of the then-Brown Stockings in 1882, serving for one season. Also an outfielder for a former St. Louis Brown Stockings club, he was directly responsible for bringing professional baseball back to St. Louis after a game-fixing scandal expelled the earlier team from the NL in 1877. He rallied a barnstorming team that attracted the attention of eventual owner Chris von der Ahe, who directly negotiated for the team to be a charter member of a new league, the AA, in 1882. Charles Comiskey was the first manager in franchise history to hold the position for multiple seasons. He also owns the highest career winning percentage in franchise history at .673, four American Association pennants (1885–1888) and one interleague championship (before the official World Series existed).[b] He also held the record for most career wins in team history with from 1884 to 1945 (563 total) and games managed (852) until 1924. However, von der Ahe changed managers more than any other owner in team history – a total of 27 in 19 season oversaw the team on the field. After the Robison era began, stability marginally improved: nine managers in 20 years from 1899 to 1918. Jack McCloskey, Roger Bresnahan, and Miller Huggins each managed three or more seasons from 1906 to 1917, becoming the first group to manage multiple seasons in succession.
Branch Rickey, known mainly as a general manager, surpassed Comiskey's record for games managed in 1924, totaling 947 in seven seasons. His replacement, Rogers Hornsby – also the second baseman who won two Triple Crowns and six consecutive batting titles – finally guided the Cardinals to their first modern World Series championship against the formidable New York Yankees, their first interleague championship in exactly 40 years. Sam Breadon, the Cardinals' owner, also frequently changed managers (although Frankie Frisch and Gabby Street both managed at least five seasons and won one World Series title apiece in the 1930s out of nine total managers in 30 seasons) until settling on Hall of Famer Billy Southworth from 1940 to 1945.
Southworth set new team records for games managed (981), wins (620) and World Series championships (two). His Cardinals teams won 105 or more games each year from 1942 to 1944, winning the NL pennants in each of those three seasons. His .642 winning percentage is second-highest in team history, and the highest since the Cardinals joined the National League. Southworth was also awarded the Sporting News Manager of the Year Award in 1941 and 1942. Starting in 1953 with the Gussie Busch/Anheuser-Busch era, thirteen managers captained the club in 43 seasons. After Southworth, Eddie Dyer, Eddie Stanky, Fred Hutchinson and Johnny Keane also each took home a Sporting News Manager of the Year award. Keane's 1964 team that year's World Series. Hall of Famer Red Schoendienst took over from 1965 to 1977 and won one World Series and two NL pennants. Schoendienst then broke Southworth's team records for games (1,999 total) and wins (1,041). He also held records of 14 seasons managed and 955 losses.
In the 1980s, Hall of Famer Whitey Herzog's style of play known as Whiteyball pushed the Cardinals to three NL pennants and a World Series championship in 1982. He was named the Sporting News Sportsman of the Year and Manager of the Year in 1982. In 1990, Joe Torre took over and Tony La Russa succeeded him when the William DeWitt, Jr. ownership – still the current ownership – commenced in 1996. La Russa finished with the longest tenure in franchise history (16 seasons), and leads Cardinals managers in wins (1,408), losses (1,182), playoff appearances (nine) and is tied for most World Series championships (two). He also won three NL pennants. Matheny took over from La Russa. With DeWitt ‘s era, the Cardinals have seen their greatest period of managerial stability with just two managers.
Besides La Russa, eight Cardinals managers have won a modern World Series: Hornsby, Frisch, Street, Dyer, Southworth, Keane, Schoendienst and Herzog; Southworth and La Russa are the only ones to win two each. Comiskey won one pre-World Series title and tied for another. Cardinals managers inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame include Comiskey, Tommy McCarthy, Roger Connor, Kid Nichols, Bresnahan, Huggins, Rickey, Hornsby, Bill McKechnie, Southworth, Frisch, Schoendienst, Herzog, Torre and La Russa.
|St. Louis Cardinals|
|#||Ordinal number in the succession of managers[b]|
|G||Regular season games managed (may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games)|
|W||Regular season wins|
|L||Regular season losses|
|PA||Postseason appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the postseason|
|LC||League championships: number of League championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager|
|WS||World Series Championships: number of World Series championships achieved by the manager|
|Awards||Awarded MVP (V) as a player-manager, MLB Manager of the Year (given annually since 1983) (M), and The Sporting News Sportsman of the Year (awarded annually since 1968) (S) and The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award (awarded annually since 1936) (Y) while managing for the Cardinals.|
|*||Also a player for the Cardinals|
|∂||Former MLB All-Star|
|§||Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Cardinal|
|†, ‡||Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a player (†) or as a manager and/or an executive (‡)|
Statistics current through 2018.
|1||Ned Cuthbert *||1882||80||37||43||.463||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|2||Ted Sullivan *||1883||79||53||26||.671||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|3||Charles Comiskey *‡||1883, 1884–1889,
|5||Tommy McCarthy *†||1890||27||15||12||.571||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|6||John Kerins *||1890||17||9||8||.529||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|7||Chief Roseman *||1890||15||7||8||.467||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|8||Count Campau *||1890||42||27||14||.659||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|9||Joe Gerhardt *||1890||38||20||16||.556||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|10||Jack Glasscock *||1892||4||1||3||.250||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|11||Cub Stricker *||1892||23||6||17||.261||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|12||Jack Crooks *||1892||62||27||33||.450||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|13||George Gore *||1892||16||6||9||.400||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|14||Bob Caruthers *||1892||50||16||32||.333||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|16||Doggie Miller *||1894||133||56||76||.424||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|18||Chris von der Ahe||1895, 1896, 1897||17||3||14||.176||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|19||Joe Quinn *||1895||40||11||28||.282||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|22||Arlie Latham *||1896||3||0||3||.000||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|23||Roger Connor *†||1896||46||8||37||.178||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|24||Tommy Dowd *||1896–1897||92||31||60||.341||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|25||Hugh Nicol *||1897||40||8||32||.200||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|26||Bill Hallman *||1897||50||13||36||.265||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|28||Patsy Tebeau *||1899–1900||247||126||117||.519||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|30||Patsy Donovan *||1901–1903||421||175||236||.426||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|31||Kid Nichols *†||1904–1905||169||80||88||.476||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|32||Jimmy Burke *||1905||90||34||56||.378||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|35||Roger Bresnahan *†||1909–1912||618||255||352||.420||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|36||Miller Huggins *‡||1913–1917||774||346||415||.455||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|38||Branch Rickey ‡||1919–1925||947||458||485||.486||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|39||Rogers Hornsby *†§||1925–1926||271||153||116||.569||1||4||3||1||1||V|||
|40||Bob O'Farrell *||1927||153||92||61||.601||—||—||—||—||—||V|||
|41||Bill McKechnie ‡||1928–1929||217||129||88||.594||1||0||4||1||0||––|||
|42||Billy Southworth *‡§||1929, 1940–1945||981||680||346||.642||3||9||7||3||2||Y (2)|||
|43||Gabby Street *||1929–1933||556||312||242||.563||2||6||7||2||1||––|||
|44||Frankie Frisch *†§||1933–1938||822||458||354||.564||1||4||3||1||1||––|||
|45||Mike González *||1938, 1940||23||9||13||.409||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|46||Ray Blades *||1939–1940||194||106||85||.555||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|47||Eddie Dyer *||1946–1950||777||446||325||.578||1||4||3||1||1||Y|||
|48||Marty Marion *||1951||155||81||73||.526||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|49||Eddie Stanky *||1952–1955||501||260||238||.522||—||—||—||—||—||Y|||
|50||Harry Walker *||1955||118||51||67||.432||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|53||Solly Hemus *||1959–1961||384||190||192||.497||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|55||Red Schoendienst *†§||1965–1976, 1980,
|57||Jack Krol||1978, 1980||3||1||2||.500||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|58||Ken Boyer *||1978–1980||357||166||190||.466||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|59||Whitey Herzog ‡§||1980–1990||1,553||822||728||.530||3||21||16||3||1||S, Y, M|||
|60||Joe Torre *∂‡||1990–1995||706||351||354||.498||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|61||Mike Jorgensen *||1995||96||42||54||.438||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|62||Tony La Russa ‡||1996–2011||2,591||1,408||1,182||.544||9||50||42||3||2||M|||
|63||Mike Matheny *||2012–2018||1074||591||474||.555||3||21||22||1||0||—|||
|AA totals (1882–1891) [a]||1,233||780||432||.644||4||16||21||4||1[b]||––|||
|NL totals (1892–present)[c]||19,576||9,959||9,486||.512||27||129||114||19||11||––|||
The Sporting News today named Whitey Herzog of the St. Louis Cardinals manager of the year. Herzog edged Milwaukee's Harvey Kuenn in the balloting of major league managers conducted for the weekly newspaper.
Henry Harrison Diddlebock (June 27, 1854 – February 5, 1900) was a sportswriter and Major League Baseball manager. Formerly a head sportswriter for two Philadelphia newspapers, Diddlebock managed 17 games with the St. Louis Browns in the 1896 season. He had a 7–10 record (a .412 winning percentage).Johnny Keane
John Joseph Keane (November 3, 1911 – January 6, 1967) was an American manager in Major League Baseball. Keane participated in one of the strangest turns of events in baseball history in 1964, his final season at the helm of the St. Louis Cardinals.List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches
The St. Louis Cardinals, based in St. Louis, Missouri, are a professional baseball franchise that compete in the National League of Major League Baseball (MLB). The club employs coaches who support – and report directly to – the manager. Coaches for various aspects of the game, including pitching, hitting, baserunning and fielding, give instruction to players to assist them in exercising the major disciplines that must be successfully executed to compete at the highest level. These specialized roles are a relatively new development, as coaches initially did not have specific roles and instead had titles such as "first assistant", "second assistant", etc. St. Louis Cardinals coaches have played an important role in the team's eleven World Series titles. Many are retired players who at one time played for the team. Coaching is often part of the path for Major League managerial hopefuls, as a coach's previous experiences typically include managing and/or coaching at the minor league level. Charley O'Leary and Heinie Peitz, both former Cardinals players, became the first coaches the Cardinals employed as positions separate from the manager in 1913.
The longest-tenured coach in Cardinals' franchise history is Red Schoendienst, who has filled a variety of roles for the St. Louis Cardinals. First, he played 15 seasons as a second baseman for the Cardinals before becoming an on-field coach in 1962 in his penultimate season as an active player. He continued to coach through 1964, and the next season, became the Cardinals' manager. Returning as an on-field coach for the Cardinals in 1979, Schoendienst remained in that capacity until 1995. Since 1996, he has served as a special assistant to the general manager as a coaching advisor. In all, Schoendienst has coached for St. Louis for 38 total seasons. He has also worn a St. Louis Major League uniform in eight different decades, won four World Series titles as part of on-field personnel and two more World Series titles since moving into his role as an advisor.The current longest-tenured coach through 2015 is third-base coach José Oquendo, who has been coaching for the Cardinals since 1999. The latest addition is assistant hitting coach Bill Mueller, who was hired before the 2015 season. The longest-tenured on-field coach in franchise history is Buzzy Wares; he is also the only coach for the Cardinals with a consecutive on-field season streak of 20 or more seasons with 23. Schoendienst is the only other with 20 or more total seasons; he also had a streak of 17 consecutive seasons. Dave Duncan and Dave McKay are both tied for third with 16 total seasons and both with a streak of 16 consecutive seasons. Jose Oquendo is also tied with Duncan and McKay with 16 years during the 2015 season as it marks his 16 consecutive season as an on field coach. Others with ten or more seasons include Mike González, Johnny Lewis, Marty Mason, Gaylen Pitts and Dave Ricketts. Dal Maxvill is the only former Cardinals coach to have become a general manager for the Cardinals. Ray Blades, Ken Boyer, González, Johnny Keane, Jack Krol, Marty Marion, Bill McKechnie, Schoendienst and Harry Walker have all also managed the Cardinals. Cardinals coaches who have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum include Bob Gibson, McKechnie and Schoendienst.List of St. Louis Cardinals owners and executives
The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB).List of St. Louis Cardinals seasons
The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). Founded in 1882 as a charter member of the American Association (AA), the team was originally named the Brown Stockings before it was shortened to Browns the next season. The team moved to the National League in 1892 when the AA folded. The club changed its name to the Perfectos for one season in 1899 and adopted the Cardinals name in 1900. The St. Louis Cardinals are tied with the Cincinnati Reds and Pittsburgh Pirates as the third-oldest continuously-operated baseball team. In that time, the team has won 19 National League pennants and 11 World Series championships (most in the National League and second only to the New York Yankees, who have won 27). They also won four American Association pennants and one pre-World Series championship that Major League Baseball does not consider official.
The Cardinals had six periods of continued success during their history. The first period occurred during the 1880s when the team won four consecutive American Association pennants from 1885–1888 while known as the Browns. The Cardinals next found success from 1926–1934 when they played in five World Series, winning three. During World War II the Cardinals won four NL pennants in five years from 1942–1946, including three World Series championships. During the 1960s the Cardinals won two World Series and played in another. In the 1980s the Cardinals played in three World Series, winning in 1982. Most recently, the Cardinals have made the playoffs nine times, winning seven NL Central titles and qualifying as a wild-card entrant in 2001, 2011 and 2012, winning the World Series in 2006 and 2011.
The only extended period of failure the Cardinals have experienced began when they joined the National League in 1892. The Cardinals played only five winning seasons in 30 years while finishing last seven times from their entrance to the NL until 1921. However, the Cardinals have remarkably avoided such failure since then as they have not finished in last place in the National League since 1918, by far the longest streak in the NL. The Cardinals failed to reach the World Series in the 1950s, 1970s, and 1990s, but were regularly a competitive team in each of these decades.Marty Marion
Martin Whiteford "Mr. Shortstop" Marion (December 1, 1917 – March 15, 2011) was an American Major League Baseball shortstop and manager. Marion played for the St. Louis Cardinals and the St. Louis Browns between 1940 and 1953. He later became the manager of the Chicago White Sox.Ray Blades
Francis Raymond Blades (August 6, 1896 – May 18, 1979) was an American left fielder, manager, coach and scout in Major League Baseball (MLB).Red Schoendienst
Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst (; February 2, 1923 – June 6, 2018) was an American professional baseball second baseman, coach, and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB), and is largely known for his coaching, managing, and playing years with the St. Louis Cardinals. He played for 19 years with the St. Louis Cardinals (1945–1956, 1961–1963), New York Giants (1956–1957) and Milwaukee Braves (1957–1960), and was named to 10 All Star teams. He then managed the Cardinals from 1965 through 1976 – the second-longest managerial tenure in the team's history (behind Tony La Russa). Under his direction, St. Louis won the 1967 and 1968 National League pennants and the 1967 World Series, and he was named National League Manager of the Year in both 1967 and 1968. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1989. At the time of his death, he had worn a Major League uniform for 74 consecutive years as a player, coach, or manager, and had served 67 of his 76 years in baseball with the Cardinals.
St. Louis Cardinals managers
|Wild card titles|
|All Star Games hosted|