List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire

This is a list of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. As of 2009, There are 35 sites designated within this Area of Search, of which 18 have been designated due to their biological interest, 14 due to its geological interest, and 3 for both biological and geological interest.[1] In England the body responsible for designating SSSIs is Natural England, which chooses a site because of its fauna, flora, geological or physiographical features.[2] Natural England took over the role of designating and managing SSSIs from English Nature in October 2006 when it was formed from the amalgamation of English Nature, parts of the Countryside Agency and the Rural Development Service. Natural England, like its predecessor, uses the 1974–1996 county system[3] and as such the same approach is followed here, rather than, for example, merging all Yorkshire sites into a single list. Natural England produces citation sheets for each SSSI and are the main source of information for this list.[4]

South Yorkshire's geography can be split into different types. The very west of South Yorkshire is part of Dark Peak which is part of the Peak District National Park and lies to the west of Sheffield. This extensive moorland is one of the largest semi-natural areas in England and has broad plateaus with rocky outcrops interspersed with valleys.[5] Moving east the land elevation drops with a transition from the peak district to coal fields. Much of this area of transition has seen urban development with Sheffield being a good example.[6]

The central region, to the north of Sheffield is largely dependent on the presence of coal measures in the areas geology. This is reflected by ancient woodlands, valley wetlands and large arable fields where there is no urban development. To the east of the coal measures is a strip of Magnesian Limestone which runs north to south between Sheffield and Doncaster. This open landscape is characterised by ancient woodlands and limestone grasslands and often has historic limestone monuments. However the light and dry soils are ideal for cultivation which means little of the original habitat remains. In the very east of South Yorkshire the Humberhead Levels dominate, with the area being relatively flat and dominated by the areas river systems. The area is predominately covered with small fields or areas of peatland.[7][8][9][10][11]

South Yorkshire outline map with UK
South Yorkshire shown within the UK.

Sites

Site name Reason for designation Area[A] Grid reference[B] Year in which notified Map[C]
Biological interest Geological interest Hectares Acres
Anston Stones Wood Green tick 33.7 88.3 SK531831 1955 Map
Ashfield Brick Pits Green tick 0.6 1.4 SK515981 1955 Map
Bilham Sand Pits Green tick 0.2 0.1 SE487066 1987 Map
Bradgate Brickworks Green tick 0.9 2.2 SK413935 1988 Map
Cadeby Quarry Green tick 97.0 240.0 SE522003 1977 Map
Canyards Hills Green tick Green tick 64.1 158.4 SK250950 1990 Map
Carlton Main Brickworks Green tick 15.5 38.4 SE412081 1989 Map
Dark Peak[D] Green tick Green tick 31,852.9 78,708.4 SK110960 1951 Map
Denaby Ings Green tick 24.5 60.6 SE500009 1977 Map
Eastern Peak District Moors Green tick Green tick 8,094.4 20,001.6 SK270770 1955[E] Map
Edlington Wood Green tick 99.7 246.7 SK549980 1979 Map
Hatfield Moors Green tick 1,400.7 3,461.1 SE705060 1954 Map
Lindrick Golf Course Green tick 22.0 54.4 SK543825, SK545828, SK553827 1987 Map
Little Don Stream Section Green tick 1.1 2.6 SE222004 1977 Map
Maltby Low Common Green tick 6.0 14.8 SK545913 1970 Map
Neepsend Brickworks Green tick 4.3 10.6 SK350891 1988 Map
Neepsend Railway Cutting Green tick 1.4 3.5 SK344894 1988 Map
New Edlington Brickpit Green tick 0.2 0.4 SK531988 1989 Map
Owston Hay Meadows Green tick 5.5 13.5 SE554114 1979 Map
Potteric Carr Green tick 118.6 293.0 SE599003 1977 Map
Pye Flatts Meadows Green tick 2.2 5.4 SE274052 1990 Map
River Idle Washlands[F] Green tick 88.6 219.0 SK662936, SK685937, SK706945, SK720963 1972 Map
Roche Abbey Woodlands Green tick 52.8 143.8 SK542899 1979 Map
Sandall Beat Green tick 63.9 157.9 SE613037 1984 Map
Shirley Pool Green tick 15.5 38.4 SE568121 1955 Map
Spring Meadows, Alderman's Head & Cow Croft Meadows Green tick 16.8 41.6 SE229005 2005 Map
Sprotbrough Gorge Green tick 76.9 190.1 SE534007 1988 Map
Stairfoot Brickworks Green tick 0.1 0.1 SE381048 1999 Map
Stannington Ruffs Green tick 2.4 5.9 SK306891 1988 Map
Thorne Crowle and Goole Moors[G] Green tick 1,918.6 4,740.9 SE730160 1970 Map
Totley Wood Green tick 14.7 36.4 SK325815 1954 Map
Wadsley Fossil Forest Green tick 0.3 0.7 SK318913 1990 Map
Went Ings Meadows Green tick 6.4 15.8 SE650183, SE654184 1981 Map
Wharncliffe Crags Green tick 14.5 35.8 SK298974 1988 Map
Wood Lee Common Green tick 6.4 15.8 SK533915 1958 Map

See also

Notes

A Data rounded to one decimal place.
B Grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system, also known as OSGB36, and is the system used by the Ordnance Survey.[12]
C Link to maps using the Nature on the Map service provided by English Nature.
D The Dark Peak site extends into three other counties and so can be found on lists of SSSIs in Derbyshire, Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire.[4]
E Incorporates three formers SSSIs: Hallam Moors being first notified in 1955, Eastern Moors in 1964 and Houndkirk Moor in 1972.[4]
F SSSI is split between South Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire. 36.7 hectares (90.6 acres) is in South Yorkshire.
G SSSI is split between South Yorkshire and Humberside. 1309.1 hectares (3234.7 acres) lie in South Yorkshire.

References

  1. ^ "SSSIs in South Yorkshire". Natural England. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
  2. ^ "Notification of SSSIs". Natural England. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
  3. ^ "County search of SSSIs". Natural Endland. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
  4. ^ a b c Natural England citation sheets for each SSSI. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
  5. ^ Dark Peak, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  6. ^ Yorkshire Southern Pennine Fringe, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  7. ^ Natural Character Areas, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  8. ^ Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire & Yorkshire Coalfield, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  9. ^ Southern Magnesian Limestone, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  10. ^ Humberhead Levels, Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  11. ^ South Yorkshire (Barnsley, Sheffield, Rotherham and Doncaster Districts) Natural England. Retrieved 2009-02-17
  12. ^ "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 2006-07-20. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
Anston Stones Wood

Anston Stones Wood (grid reference SK531831) is a 33.7 hectare (88.3 acre) biological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1955. The site contains the second best example of limestone woodland in South Yorkshire. It is also a Local Nature Reserve.

Ashfield Brick Pits

Ashfield Brick Pits (grid reference SK515981) is a 0.6 hectare (1.4 acre) geological site of Special Scientific Interest south of Conisbrough in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1955.

Bilham Sand Pits

Bilham Sand Pits (grid reference SE487066) is a 0.2 hectare (0.1 acre) geological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1987.

Bradgate Brickworks

Bradgate Brickworks (grid reference SK413935) is a 0.9 hectare (2.2 acre) geological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1988. In November 2001 a report by Rotherham Borough Council noted concern that overgrown vegetation at the site presented a risk to the geological features of the quarry face and proposed the acquisition and management of the site by the Council.

Canyards Hills

Canyards Hills (grid reference SK250950) is a 64.1 hectare (158.4 acre) biological and geological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1990. This site possesses the most impressive examples in England and Wales of 'ridge-and-trough' or 'tumbled ground.' Beneath a 10 m high cliff, the north-facing valley side above Broomhead Reservoir is a chaotic mass of sub-parallel ridges, separated by intervening narrow areas of marshy ground. The site is formed in Upper Carboniferous Millstone Grit and shows the most extreme form and best example of 'tumbled ground', with innumerable small Millstone Grit blocks (controlled by jointing) taking up a large landslip.

Carlton Main Brickworks

Carlton Main Brickworks (grid reference SE412081) is a 15.5 hectare (38.4 acre) geological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1989.

Hatfield Moors

Hatfield Moors (grid reference SK250950) is a 1400.7 hectare (3461.1 acre) biological site of Special Scientific Interest in South Yorkshire. The site was notified in 1954. The site is managed by Natural England.

In The Gentleman's Magazine 31 August 1727, George Stovin made reference to Hatfield Moor: "Here is great plenty of furze buſhes, and variety of game, ſuch as hares, foxes, kites, eagles, curlews, ducks and geeſe; there is no houſe or cottage near it, and but a few old oaks, fallows, and birch; the ſouse is a little ſtud-bound one, and ſeems ready to fall".

Lindrick Golf Club

Lindrick Golf Club is a golf course in South Yorkshire and is also a site of special scientific interest (SSSI). The SSSI covers 22 hectares (54 acres) and was designated for its biological interest. The site was notified in 1987.

The course is situated on the A57 running between Sheffield and Worksop, Nottinghamshire, and is approximately 3 miles (5 km) west of Worksop. The course is affiliated to the Yorkshire Golf Union and, contrary to local folklore, the entire course and clubhouse is situated in Yorkshire.

Founded in 1891, the course was originally nine holes, but was extended to 18 holes in 1894. Prior to the enhancements programme started in 2015, the last major changes to the course layout occurred in 1932, to avoid two holes being played over the A57. The course design has been influenced by a variety of renown architects from 'old' Tom Morris, Alistair McKenzie to current award winning designer Ken Moodie.

Currently Holes 1–11 and Hole 18 are situated on the south side of the A57, with Holes 12–17 being on the north side. The course now has two tunnels providing safe crossing of the A57. The closing 18th hole features as one of the 500 Greatest Holes in the World and is also listed as one of Peter Alliss' favourite 18 holes of all time. The course plays host to a number of leading amateur tournaments, and is a venue for Regional Qualifying for The Open Championship, and is regularly featured in the various top 100 course ratings in the golfing media. Lindrick is also one of the courses (with Ganton and Moortown) who play host to the annual Yorkshire Challenge which is now one of the biggest tournaments for club golfers in the country

The 1957 Ryder Cup was played at Lindrick, resulting in the only post-war victory for Great Britain & Ireland, captained by Dai Rees and in 2016 featured on Sky TV as being the only club to ever have 3 current playing members to represent Europe in that years Ryder Cup team. The Curtis Cup was played on the course in 1960, and the Women's British Open has been held at the course on two occasions – in 1977 and 1988, and most recently the English Womens Amateur Championship in 2017.

Marian Rae, the former President of England Golf, is a member.

Full PGA tour players Danny Willett, Matthew Fitzpatrick, Lee Westwood, Mark Foster and Jonathan Thomson are members as well as a host of Yorkshire and England junior players. In recent years the club have invested heavily in creating custom designed practice areas, new changing facilities as well as a full facelift to the Ryder Cup casual bar area which displays memorabilia of the Ryder Cup and Lindrick's continued association with that tournament since 1957. In 2015 they started a programme to enhance the course with new championship tees, added fairway bunkering and the rejuvenation of all other bunkers on the course with a completion date for the new course of 2020. Expenditure on all the above projects is thought to be in excess of £2m.

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