List of Roman wars and battles
The following is a List of Roman wars and battles  fought by the ancient Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire, organized by date.
8th century BC
7th century BC
6th century BC
5th century BC
4th century BC
3rd century BC
Wars with Gauls and Etruscans (285-282 BC)
- 284 BC – Battle of Arretium – A Roman army under Lucius Caecilius is destroyed by the Gauls.
- 283 BC – Battle of Lake Vadimo – A Roman army under P. Cornelius Dolabella defeats the Etruscans and Gauls.
- 282 BC – Battle of Populonia – Etruscan resistance to Roman domination of Italy is finally crushed.
2nd century BC
1st century BC
- 49 BC, June – Battle of Ilerda – Caesar's army surround Pompeian forces and cause them to surrender.
- 49 BC, 24 August – Battle of the Bagradas River – Caesar's general Gaius Curio is defeated in North Africa by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. Curio commits suicide.
- 48 BC, 10 July – Battle of Dyrrhachium – Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat by Pompey in Macedonia
- 48 BC, 9 August – Battle of Pharsalus – Caesar decisively defeats Pompey, who flees to Egypt
- 47 BC, February – Battle of the Nile – Caesar defeats the forces of the Egyptian king Ptolemy XIII
- 46 BC, 4 January – Battle of Ruspina – Caesar loses perhaps as much as a third of his army to Titus Labienus
- 46 BC, 6 February – Battle of Thapsus – Caesar defeats the Pompeian army of Metellus Scipio in North Africa.
- 45 BC, 17 March – Battle of Munda – In his last victory, Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompey the Younger in Hispania. Labienus is killed in the battle and the Younger Pompey captured and executed.
- 43 BC, 14 April – Battle of Forum Gallorum – Antony, besieging Caesar's assassin Decimus Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed, but is then immediately defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius
- 43 BC, 21 April – Battle of Mutina – Antony is again defeated in battle by Hirtius, who is killed. Although Antony fails to capture Mutina, Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly thereafter.
- 42 BC, 3 October – First Battle of Philippi – Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Marcus Brutus and Cassius. Although Brutus defeats Octavian, Antony defeats Cassius, who commits suicide.
- 42 BC, 23 October – Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Antony and Octavian. Brutus escapes, but commits suicide soon after.
Germanic Battles (16-11 BC)
See Crisis of the Third Century
Gothic and Alamannic wars
The 4th century begins with civil war resulting in the ascendancy of Constantine I, then, after his death, wars with Persia and Germanic tribes, punctuated frequently with more civil wars.
The 5th century involves the final fall of the Western Roman Empire to Goths, Vandals, Alans, Huns, and Franks.
Wars with Gothic Tribes (402-419)
Fall of the West (450-493)
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Jones, Jim. "ROMAN HISTORY TIMELINE". courses.wcupa.edu. West Chester University of Pennsylvania, 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- ^ Bennett, J. Trajan: Optimus Princeps. 1997. Fig. 1
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