List of Prime Ministers of Nepal

This is a list of the Prime Ministers and other heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal and later Democratic Republic of Nepal.

The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री; Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. At the time of the Shah dynasty, the Mulkajis (Chief Kajis) or Chautariya served the function of Prime Ministers in a council of 4 Chautariyas, 4 Kajis, and sundry officers. These Bharadars (officers) were drawn from high caste and politically influential families such as Pande dynasty, Basnyat dynasty, Thapa dynasty, etc. The nobility of Gorkha was mainly based from Chhetri families and they had a strong presence in civil administration affairs.[1] All of the Prime Minister of Nepal between 1768 to 1950 were Chhetris with the exception of Ranga Nath Poudyal, being a Brahmin.[2] The executive power allocation was fluctuating between Kajis and Chautariyas. In 1804, a single authoritative position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah which carried the executive powers of nation.[3] Mukhtiyar held the position of Executive Head till adoption of title of Prime Minister on November 1843 A.D. by Mathabar Singh Thapa who became Mukhtiyar as well as Prime Minister and Commander-In-Chief of the Nepalese army.[4][5] During the Rana dynasty, the position of Prime Minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal.

After Revolution of 1951, non-aristocratic citizens like Matrika Prasad Koirala held the position of Prime Minister still under the declaration of the King of Nepal. The first election of Primeministership was held on 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first elected Prime Minister of Nepal. Subsequently, he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960 by King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah who went on to establish the oligarchic authoritative regime of Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. After the Jana Andolan movement in 1990, the country became a constitutional monarchy. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly.

Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Nepal (1768-1803)

Kajis equivalent to Prime Minister of Nepal (1768-1803)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Position
Took Office Left Office
1 Bamsa Raj Pandey Vamsharaj Pande
(1739–1785)
c.1776 c.1779 Dewan[note 1]
2 Swarup Singh Karki
(1751–1785)
c.1776 c.1777 Dewan[note 2]
3 Sarbajit Rana Magar
(??–1778)
1778 1778 Kaji/Mulkaji[note 3]
1 Bamsa Raj Pandey Vamsharaj Pande
(1739–1785)
c.1782 c.1785 Dewan/Mantri-Nayak[note 4]
4 Abhiman Singh Basnyat Abhiman Singh Basnyat
(1744–1800)
c.1785 April 1794 Mulkaji[note 5]
5 Kirtiman Singh Basnyat (cropped) Kirtiman Singh Basnyat
(??–1801)
1794 28 September, 1801 Mulkaji[note 6]
6 Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat
(??–??)
1801 February 1803 Mulkaji[note 7]

Chautariyas equivalent to Prime Minister of Nepal (1768-1803)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Position
Took Office Left Office
1 Bahadur Shah of Nepal
(1757–1797)
July 1785 April 1794 Mul-Chautariya[note 8]
2 Ranodyot (Ranodhoj) Shah
(1794–??)
April 1794 ?? Mul-Chautariya[note 9]

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Nepal (1803–2008)

Mul-Kajis and Muktiyars during the Shah expansion era and before the Rana era

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office
1 Damodar Pande Damodar Pande
(1752–1804)
February 1803 March 1804 Independent Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah
Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah

(8 March 1799-20 November 1816)
Rana Bahadur Shah Rana Bahadur Shah
(1775–1806)
1804 [note 10] 26 April 1806 Independent
2 Bhimsen-thapa-painting (cropped) Bhimsen Thapa
(1775–1839)
1806 July 1837 Independent Rajendra Bikram Shah
King Rajendra Bikram Shah Deva

(20 November 1816-12 May 1847)
3 Ranajang Pande Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
1st time
1837 1837 Independent
4 Ranganath Paudyal Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
1st time
October 1837 August 1838 Independent
5 Puskar Shah Chautariya Puskhar Shah
(1784–1846)
October 1838 1839 Independent
(3) Ranajang Pande Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
2nd time
April 1839 1840 Independent
(4) Ranganath Paudyal Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–?)
2nd time
1840 1840 Independent
6 Fatteh Jang Shah Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
1st time
November 1840 January 1843 Independent
7 Mathabar Simha Thapa Mathabar Singh Thapa
(1798–1845)
November 1843 25 December 1843 Independent

Prime Ministers before the Rana era (1845–1846)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office
7 Mathabar Simha Thapa Mathabar Singh Thapa
(1798–1845)
25 December 1843 17 May 1845 Independent Rajendra Bikram Shah
King Rajendra Bikram Shah Deva

(20 November 1816-12 May 1847)
(6) Fatteh Jang Shah Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
2nd time
September 1845 14 September 1846 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office
8 Jang Bahadur Ranaji Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
1st time
15 September 1846 1 August 1856 Independent Surendra Bikram Shah
Surendra Bikram Shah

(12 May 1847-17 May 1881)
9 Bam Bahadur Kunwar Bam Bahadur Kunwar
(1818–1857)
1 August 1856 25 May 1857 Independent
No image Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(1823–1863)
Acting Prime Minister
25 May 1857 28 June 1857 Independent
(8) Jang Bahadur Ranaji Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
2nd time
28 June 1857 25 February 1877 Independent
10 Ranoddip Singh Kunwar Ranodip Singh Kunwar
(1825–1885)
27 February 1877 22 November 1885 Independent
11 Bir Shamsher JBR Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1852–1901)
22 November 1885 5 March 1901 Independent Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah
Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah

(17 May 1881-11 December 1911)
12 Dev Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana Dev Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1862–1914)
5 March 1901 27 June 1901 Independent
13 Chandra Shamsher JBR Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1863–1929)
27 June 1901 26 November 1929 Independent Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah

(11 December 1911-13 March 1955)
14 Bhim Shamsher JB R Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1865–1932)
26 November 1929 1 September 1932 Independent
15 Juddha Shamsher JBR Juddha Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1875–1952)
1 September 1932 29 November 1945 Independent
16 Padma Shamsher JBR Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1882–1961)
29 November 1945 30 April 1948 Independent
17 Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1885–1967)
30 April 1948 12 November 1951 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office
18 Matrika Prasad Koirala2 Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
1st time
16 November 1951 14 August 1952 Nepali Congress Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah

(11 December 1911–13 March 1955)
Direct rule by King
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
(1906–1955)
14 August 1952 15 June 1953
(18) Matrika Prasad Koirala2 Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
2nd time
15 June 1953 14 April 1955 Rastriya Praja Party
Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
14 April 1955 27 January 1956 Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah

(14 March 1955–31 January 1972)
19 Tanka Prasad Acharya (cropped) Tanka Prasad Acharya
(1912–1992)
27 January 1956 26 July 1957 Nepal Praja Parishad
20 No image Kunwar Inderjit Singh
(1906–1982)
26 July 1957 15 May 1958 United Democratic Party
21 Subarna Shamsher Rana
(1910–1977)
15 May 1958 27 May 1959 Nepali Congress
22 BP. Koirala Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
(1914–1982)
27 May 1959 26 December 1960 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers during the Panchayat era (1960–1990)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
26 December 1960 2 April 1963 Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah

(14 March 1955–31 January 1972)
23 Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
1st time
2 April 1963 23 December 1963 Independent
24
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24
Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
1st time
23 December 1963 26 February 1964 Independent
(23) Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
2nd time
26 February 1964 26 January 1965 Independent
(24)
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24
Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
2nd time
26 January 1965 7 April 1969 Independent
25 No image Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
1st time
7 April 1969 13 April 1970 Independent
Gehendra Bahadur Rajbhandari
(1923–1994)
Acting Prime Minister
13 April 1970 14 April 1971 Independent
(25) No image Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
2nd time
14 April 1971 16 July 1973 Independent Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah

(31 January 1972–1 June 2001)
26 No image Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
1st time
16 July 1973 1 December 1975 Independent
(23) Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
3rd time
1 December 1975 12 September 1977 Independent
(25) No image Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
3rd time
12 September 1977 30 May 1979 Independent
(24)
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24
Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
3rd time
30 May 1979 12 July 1983 Independent
27 No image Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
1st time
12 July 1983 21 March 1986 Independent
(26) No image Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
2nd time
21 March 1986 15 June 1986 Independent
28 No image Marich Man Singh Shrestha
(1942–2013)
15 June 1986 6 April 1990 Independent
(27) No image Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
2nd time
6 April 1990 19 April 1990 Independent

Prime Ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party King of Kingdom of Nepal
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office Days
29 Krishna bhattarai Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
1st time
19 April 1990 26 May 1991 402 Nepali Congress Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah

(31 January 1972–1 June 2001)
30 Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped) Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
1st time
26 May 1991 30 November 1994 1284 Nepali Congress
31 No image Man Mohan Adhikari
(1920–1999)
30 November 1994 12 September 1995 286 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
32 Sher bahadur Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
1st time
12 September 1995 12 March 1997 547 Nepali Congress
(27) No image Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
3rd time
12 March 1997 7 October 1997 209 Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand)
(24)
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24
Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
4th time
7 October 1997 15 April 1998 190 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped) Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
2nd time
15 April 1998 31 May 1999 411 Nepali Congress
(29) Krishna bhattarai Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
2nd time
31 May 1999 22 March 2000 296 Nepali Congress
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped) Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
3rd time
22 March 2000 26 July 2001 491 Nepali Congress
(32) Sher bahadur Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
2nd time
26 July 2001 4 October 2002 435 Nepali Congress Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev

(4 June 2001–28 May 2008)
Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
4 October 2002 11 October 2002 7
(27) No image Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(1940–)
4th time
11 October 2002 5 June 2003 237 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(24)
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24
Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
5th time
5 June 2003 3 June 2004 364 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(32) Sher bahadur Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
3rd time
3 June 2004 1 February 2005 243 Nepali Congress (Democratic)
Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1947–)
1 February 2005 25 April 2006 448
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped) Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
4th time
25 April 2006 28 May 2008 764 Nepali Congress

Prime Ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet President of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
(1. Term of Office)
(2. Political Party)
Took Office Left Office Days
(30) Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped) Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
5th time
28 May 2008[20][21][22] 18 August 2008[21][22] 82 Nepali Congress Girija Prasad Koirala
Girija Prasad Koirala (cropped)

Head of state of Nepal
(1. 15 January 2007-23 July 2008
(2. Nepali Congress)

33 Prachanda 2009 Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
1st time
18 August 2008 25 May 2009 280 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 2008 Dahal Cabinet Ram Baran Yadav
Dr. Ram Baran Yadav

(1. 23 July 2008-29 October 2015)
(2. Nepali Congress)
34 Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-09-23 Madhav Kumar Nepal
(1953–)
25 May 2009 6 February 2011 622 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 2009 Madhav Nepal Cabinet
35 Jhala Nath Khanal 2011-03-20 Jhala Nath Khanal
(1950–)
6 February 2011 29 August 2011 204 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 2011 Khanal Cabinet
36 Baburam Bhattarai (cropped) Baburam Bhattarai
(1954–)
29 August 2011 14 March 2013 563 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 2011 Bhattarai Cabinet
Khil Raj Regmi (cropped) Khil Raj Regmi
(1949–)
Acting Prime Minister
14 March 2013 11 February 2014 334 Independent 2013 Regmi Interim Cabinet
37 Sushil Koirala 2010-04-15 Sushil Koirala
(1939–2016)
11 February 2014 12 October 2015 608 Nepali Congress 2013 Koirala Cabinet
38 KP Oli Khadga Prasad Oli
(1952–)
1st time
12 October 2015 4 August 2016 297 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 2015 Oli Cabinet Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Vidhya Bhandari2

(1. 29 October 2015-)
(2. Nepal Communist Party)
(33) Prachanda 2009 Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(1954–)
2nd time
4 August 2016[23] 7 June 2017 307 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 2016 Dahal Cabinet
(32) Sher bahadur Sher Bahadur Deuba
(1946–)
4th time
7 June 2017[24] 15 February 2018[25][26] 253 Nepali Congress 2017 Deuba Cabinet
(38) KP Oli Khadga Prasad Oli
(1952–)
2nd time
15 February 2018[27] Incumbent 403 Nepal Communist Party 2018 Oli Cabinet

Living former prime ministers

As of March 2019, there are following living former prime ministers:

Prime minister Term of office Date of birth Portrait
Lokendra Bahadur Chand 1983–1986; 1990-1990; 1997-1997; 2002-2003 February 15, 1940 (age 79)
Sher Bahadur Deuba 1995–1997; 2001-2002; 2004-2005; 2017-2018 June 13, 1946 (age 72)
Prachanda (Pushpa Kamal Dahal) 2008-2009; 2016-2017 December 11, 1954 (age 64)
Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-2011 March 6, 1953 (age 66)
Jhala Nath Khanal 2011-2011 May 20, 1950 (age 68)
Baburam Bhattarai 2011-2013 June 18, 1954 (age 64)
Khil Raj Regmi 2013-2014 (acting) May 31, 1949 (age 69)
Khadga Prasad Oli 2015-2016; 2018-Present February 22, 1952 (age 67)

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ The document dated Bikram Samvat 1833 Bhadra Vadi 3 Roj 6 (i.e. Friday 2 August, 1776), shows that both Swaroop Singh Karki and Vamsharaj Pande had carried the title of Dewan (equivalent to Prime Minister).[6]
  2. ^ The document dated Bikram Samvat 1833 Bhadra Vadi 3 Roj 6 (i.e. Friday 2 August, 1776), shows that both Swaroop Singh Karki and Vamsharaj Pande had carried the title of Dewan (equivalent to Prime Minister).[6]
  3. ^ Historian Dilli Raman Regmi asserts that Sarbajit was chosen as Mulkaji (Chief Kaji).[7] Historian Rishikesh Shah asserts that Sarbajit was appointed only a Kaji [8] and was the head of the Nepalese government for a short period in 1778.[9]
  4. ^ Daniel Wright mentions him as the Mantri-Nayak (Prime Minister) under the King Rana Bahadur Shah (1777-1799).[10]
  5. ^ Abhiman Singh Basnyat was replaced by Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Mulkaji[11] after the dismissal of government on maturity of King Rana Bahadur Shah on 1794 AD.[12]
  6. ^ Though the position of Mulkaji (Chief Kaji) was bestowed on Kirtiman Singh in 1794, Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji.[12] and Damodar lead the military forces and the second government to prevent the re-establishment of royal authority of self-renounced King Rana Bahadur Shah in 1799.[13][14]
  7. ^ Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, brother of assassinated Kirtiman Singh, was then given the post of Mulkaji.[15]
  8. ^ On Shrawan 1842 B.S. (i.e. July 1785), after the death of Regent Queen Rajendra Laxmi, Bahadur Shah assumed the regency and administration on the call of Bharadars.[16] Historian Baburam Acharya referred the reign of Bahadur Shah as "Primeministership" or "Premiership".[17] Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal was Chief Chautariya (Mul-Chautariya) upto Baisakh 1851 B.S. (i.e. April 1794). The Chief Chautariya carried the functions of a Prime Minister.[18]
  9. ^ Prince Ranodyot Shah replaced Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal as Chief Chautariya (Mul-Chautariya) in Baisakh 1851 B.S. (i.e. April 1794). The Chief Chautariya carried the functions of a Prime Minister.[18] Kumar Pradhan mentions his name as Ranodhoj Shah[12] as written by prominent historian Baburam Acharya.[19]
  10. ^ The position of Mukhtiyar was formed and ruled by renounced King Rana Bahadur Shah on the year 1804 A.D.[19]

Notes

  1. ^ Pahari 1995, p. 632.
  2. ^ Raj 1996, p. 5.
  3. ^ Nepal, Gyanmani (2007). Nepal ko Mahabharat (in Nepali) (3rd ed.). Kathmandu: Sajha. p. 314. ISBN 9789993325857.
  4. ^ Regmi 1971, p. 17.
  5. ^ Kandel, Devi Prasad (2011). Pre-Rana Administrative System. Chitwan: Siddhababa Offset Press. p. 95.
  6. ^ a b Regmi 1975, p. 272.
  7. ^ D.R. Regmi 1975, p. 285.
  8. ^ Shaha 1990, p. 46.
  9. ^ Shaha 2001, p. 21.
  10. ^ Wright 1877, p. 260.
  11. ^ Karmacharya 2005, p. 56.
  12. ^ a b c Pradhan 2012, p. 12.
  13. ^ Pradhan 2012, p. 13.
  14. ^ Acharya 2012, pp. 28-32.
  15. ^ Acharya 2012, p. 35.
  16. ^ Vaidya & Bajracharya 1991, p. 9.
  17. ^ Regmi 1972, p. 12.
  18. ^ a b Regmi 1971, p. 12.
  19. ^ a b Pradhan 2012, p. 25.
  20. ^ "Girija Prasad koirla prime minister". nepalnews. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  21. ^ a b "Girija prasad, acting head of state of nepal". cnn. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  22. ^ a b bbc http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7475112.stm. Retrieved 2017-12-12. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM". Hindustan Times. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  24. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba sworns in as Prime Minister". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  25. ^ "PM Deuba announces resignation". The Kathmandu Post. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  26. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba resigns, KP Oli to take over as Nepal PM". The Indian Express. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  27. ^ "Newly appointed PM KP Sharma Oli takes oath of office". The Kathmandu Post. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.

Books

External links

See also

Fateh Jung Shah

Sri Chautaria Fatte Jang Shah (Nepali: फत्तेजङ्ग शाह; born 1805 A.D.) or Fatya Jang Shah also popularly known as Fatte Jang Chautariya was the 6th Prime Minister of Nepal.

Girija Prasad Koirala

Nepal Ratna Girija Prasad Koirala (Nepali: गिरीजाप्रसाद कोइराला Listen ; 4 July 1924 – 20 March 2010), affectionately known as Girija Babu, also known as G.P. Koirala, was a Nepalese politician. He headed the Nepali Congress and served as the Prime Minister of Nepal on four occasions, including from 1991 to 1994, 1998 to 1999, 2000 to 2001, and from 2006 to 2008. He was the Acting Head of State of Nepal between January 2007 and July 2008 as the country transitioned from a monarchy to a republic. Koirala, who was active in politics for over sixty years, was a pioneer of the Nepalese labour movement, having started the first political workers' movement on Nepalese soil, known as the Biratnagar jute mill strike in his hometown, Biratnagar. In 1991 he became the first democratically elected Prime Minister since 1959, when his brother B.P. Koirala and the Nepali Congress party were swept into power in the country's first democratic election

Personal Life

Koirala was born in Saharsa, Bihar, British India, in 1924 into a Hill Brahmin family. His father, Krishna Prasad Koirala, was a Nepali living in exile. In 1952 Koirala married Sushma Koirala, headmistress at the local school for women in Biratnagar. Their daughter Sujata Koirala was born in 1953. Sushma died in a kerosene stove explosion in 1967.

King of Nepal

The King of Nepal (traditionally known as the Mahārājādhirāja i.e. King of Kings; it can also be translated as "Sovereign Emperor" (Nepali: श्री ५ महाराजधिराज)) was Nepal's head of state and monarch from 1768 to 2008. He served as the head of the Nepalese monarchy—Shah Dynasty. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly. The subnational monarchies in Mustang, Bajhang, Salyan, and Jajarkot were also abolished in October.

Kunwar Inderjit Singh

Kunwar Indrajit Singh (Nepali: कुँवर इन्द्रजीत सिंह; 1906 – 4 October 1982) or Kunwar Inderjit Singh popularly known as Dr. K.I. Singh was Prime Minister of Nepal for four months in 1957. He was known as the Robin Hood of the Himalayas after initiating an extensive land redistribution scheme in the early 1950s. He was a member of the Nepali Congress. In 1981, he joined the breakaway Nepali Congress (Subarna).

He was a former first aid attendant for which he was called Dr. K.I. Singh.

List of ambassadors of China to Nepal

The Chinese ambassador in the Kathmandu is the official representative of the Government in Beijing to the Government of Nepal.

List of ambassadors of Nepal to China

The Nepali ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the Government in Kathmandu to the Government of the People's Republic of China.

List of ambassadors of Nepal to Russia

The current ambassador is Rishi Ram Ghimire.The Nepali ambassador in Moscow is the official representative of the Government in Kathmandu to the Government of the Russia.

List of ambassadors of Nepal to the United Kingdom

The Nepalese ambassador to the Court of St James's in London is the official representative of the Government in Kathmandu to the Government of the United Kingdom.

He is cocurrently accredited to Dublin, Valletta and the International Maritime Organization. His office is in the Embassy of Nepal, London.

Outline of Nepal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nepal:

Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state in South Asia. The country is bordered to the north by China, and to the south, east, and west by India. The Himalayas in the country's northern region has eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali.

President of Nepal

The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको राष्ट्रपति, Nēpālakō rāṣṭrapati) is the head of state of Nepal and commander in chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces. The office was created in May 2008 after the country was declared as a republic. The first President of Nepal was Ram Baran Yadav. The current president is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, elected in October 2015. She is the first female Nepali head of state. The President is to be formally addressed as "The Right Honourable (Nepali: सम्माननीय, Sam'mānanīya)".

Prime Minister of Nepal

The Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री) is the leader of the executive body (i.e. the Government of Nepal). The prime minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of Nepal. He/she should be member of the House of the Representative Pratinidhi Sabha. The prime minister is the senior-most member of cabinet in the executive of government in a parliamentary system. The prime minister selects and can dismiss members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the government; and is the presiding member and chairperson of the cabinet.

The federal cabinet headed by the prime minister is appointed by the President of Nepal to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. The prime minister has to enjoy the confidence of a majority in the Pratinidhi Sabha and shall resign if they are unable to prove majority when instructed by the president.

The residence of Prime Minister of Nepal is in Baluwatar, Kathmandu. The seat of the Prime Minister is Singha Darbar since the time of Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. The basic monthly salary of Prime Minister of Nepal is NPR 77,280. The Prime Minister of Nepal does not have a term limit.

The current Prime Minister is Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, since 15 February 2018.

Ram Baran Yadav

Ram Baran Yadav (born 4 February 1948) is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the First President of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008. He served as a Nepalese President from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and General Secretary of the Nepali Congress. Yadav was Minister of State for Health in the 1991–1994 Nepali Congress government. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 election as a candidate of the Nepali Congress. After that election, he became Minister of Health.In May 2007, Yadav's residence in Janakpur was attacked by militants of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM). The JTMM put up a seizure notice at the house, hoisted their flags at it and detonated a bomb.Yadav contested the Dhanusa-5 constituency in the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election. He won the seat, obtaining 10,392 votes.Yadav was elected as the first President of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 out of the 590 votes cast in the Constituent Assembly, defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on 23 July 2008. Chief Justice of Nepal Kedar Prasad Giri administered the oath of office and secrecy to Yadav at the presidential palace, Shital Niwas, Rastrapati Bhawan. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala among others were present. Yadav also administered oath to Vice-President Parmananda Jha.

Subarna Shamsher Rana

Subarna Shamsher Rana (Nepali: सुवर्ण सम्शेर राणा) (1910 – 9 November 1977) was a leading figure in the movement to overthrow the ruling Rana oligarchy and to establish democracy in Nepal. He was one of the three leaders of the Nepali Congress in the late 1940s, opposing his relatives, the Rana family, who held power in Nepal at the time. He is one of the most revered leaders of Nepali Congress. He died in Calcutta on 9 November 1977. Sashi Sumsher and Yog Prasad Upadhyay brought his ashes back to Nepal.

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