List of Presidents of the United States who were Freemasons

Since the office was established in 1789, 44 men have served as President of the United States. Of these, 14 (roughly one-third) are known to have been freemasons, beginning with the nation's first president, George Washington, and most recently the 38th president, Gerald R. Ford.

Washington Masonic print
Print from 1870 portraying George Washington as Master of his Lodge

List

The following U.S. presidents were freemasons:[1]

Name Presidency Details
George-Washington George Washington
(1732–1799)
1st • April 30, 1789 –
         March 4, 1797
Initiated on November 4, 1752 in Fredericksburgh Lodge No. 4, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Elected Worshipful Master on December 20, 1788.
James Monroe White House portrait 1819 James Monroe
(1758–1831)
5th • March 4, 1817 –
         March 4, 1825
Initiated on November 9, 1775 in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia at the age of 17 while he studied at the College of William & Mary.
Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
7th • March 4, 1829 –
         March 4, 1837
Member of St. Tammany (later Harmony) Lodge No. 1, Nashville, Tennessee. Elected Grand Master of Tennessee on October 7, 1822 and served until October 4, 1824.
JamesKnoxPolk James K. Polk
(1795–1849)
11th • March 4, 1845 –
           March 4, 1849
Initiated on June 5, 1820 in Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tennessee.
JamesBuchanan crop James Buchanan
(1791–1868)
15th • March 4, 1857 –
           March 4, 1861
Initiated on December 1l, 1816 in Lodge No. 43, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Appointed District Deputy Grand Master for the Counties of Lancaster, Lebanon and York in 1824.
President Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson
(1808–1875)
17th • April 15, 1865 –
           March 4, 1869
Initiated on May 5, 1851 in Greenville Lodge No. 119, Greenville, Tennessee.
James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated James A. Garfield
(1831–1881)
20th • March 4, 1881 –
           September 19, 1881
Initiated on November 19, 1861 in Magnolia Lodge No. 20, Columbus, Ohio and raised on November 22, 1864 in Columbus Lodge No. 30. Joined Garrettsville Lodge No. 246, Garrettsville, Ohio in 1866 and was its Chaplain for the years 1868-69. Charter Member of Pentalpha Lodge No. 23, Washington, D.C.
William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896 William McKinley
(1843–1901)
25th • March 4, 1897 –
           September 14, 1901
Initiated on May 1, 1865 in Hiram Lodge No. 21, Winchester, Virginia. Joined Canton Lodge No. 60, Canton, Ohio in 1867. Charter member of Eagle (later William McKinley) Lodge No. 431, also in Canton.
President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904 Theodore Roosevelt
(1858–1919)
26th • September 14, 1901 –
           March 4, 1909
Initiated on January 2, 1901 in Matinecock Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, New York.
Anders L. Zorn - William Howard Taft - Google Art Project William H. Taft
(1857–1930)
27th • March 4, 1909 –
           March 4, 1913
Made a Mason at Sight on February 18, 1909 in Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, Cincinnati, Ohio
Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing Warren G. Harding
(1865–1923)
29th • March 4, 1921 –
           August 2, 1923
Initiated on June 28, 1901 in Marion Lodge No. 70, Marion, Ohio. Raised on August 27, 1920 in that Lodge.
Franklin D. Roosevelt - NARA - 196715 Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945)
32nd • March 4, 1933 –
            April 12, 1945
Initiated on October 11, 1911 in Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City. Made Honorary Grand Master of the Order of DeMolay on April 13, 1934.
Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman
(1884–1972)
33rd • April 12, 1945 –
           January 20, 1953
Initiated on February 9, 1909 in Belton Lodge No. 450, Belton, Missouri. First Worshipful Master of Grandview Lodge No. 618, Grandview, Missouri in 1911. Elected Grand Master of Missouri on September 25, 1940 and served until October 1, 1941. Received the 33rd Degree on October 19, 1945. Made Honorary Grand Master of the Order of DeMolay on May 18, 1959.
Gerald Ford presidential portrait (cropped) Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
38th • August 9, 1974 –
          January 20, 1977
Initiated on September 30, 1949 in Malta Lodge No. 465, Grand Rapids, Michigan. Passed on April 20, 1951 and raised on May 18 of that year in Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, D.C. Received the 33rd Degree on September 26, 1962. Made Honorary Grand Master of the Order of DeMolay in April 1975.

In addition to the individuals listed above, Lyndon B. Johnson was initiated into the first degree of Freemasonry – "Entered Apprentice", October 30, 1937 in Johnson City Lodge No. 561, at Johnson City, Texas, but did not advance any further and did not become a full member of his lodge.[2] Also, Ronald Reagan was made an honorary Freemason, and, as a youth, Bill Clinton was a member of the Order of DeMolay. [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Presidents of the United States Who Were Freemasons". mn-masons.org. Bloomington, Minnesota: The Grand Lodge of Minnesota, A. F. & A. M. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  2. ^ "United States Masonic Presidents". freemasoninformation.com. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  3. ^ Morris, Brent S. (2013). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry: Discover the Rich and Fascinating History of This Mysterious Society (2nd ed.). Penguin. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-61564-407-0.

External links

List of monarchs who were Freemasons

This is a list of monarchs who were Freemasons, and lists individual monarchs chronologically under the countries they ruled, monarchs who ruled more than one country are listed under the one they are most known for, or the dominant nation in a personal union (i.e. Christian X listed under Denmark and not Iceland). Those, listed below were members of a Freemason Lodge at sometime during their lives. Some, like Alexander I of Russia, would later outlaw Freemasonry in their territories, while others would continue supporting the organization for the rest of their lives.

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