The National Football League (NFL) has played numerous games outside of the United States. All of the league's current and former teams have been based in the contiguous United States, with only the Pro Bowl played in a non-contiguous U.S. state (Hawaii).
Six games held in Canada between 1950 and 1961 pitted NFL teams against Canadian Football League (CFL) (or precursor) teams with the NFL team winning all six. These games were a hybrid of American and Canadian football. Ottawa hosted the first two games, while Toronto hosted three of the remaining four and Montreal held one; the first game ever held in Toronto featuring an NFL team was in August 1959 and inaugurated the city's Exhibition Stadium. One game was played between the AFL's Buffalo Bills and CFL's Hamilton Tiger-Cats in August 1961, with Hamilton winning 38–21. There was also a game in 1960 that pitted the Chicago Bears against the New York Giants played in Toronto; this was in return for a 1958 CFL matchup that was played in Philadelphia.
The Western Interprovincial Football Union (later the Western Conference of the CFL) was never involved in interleague play with the NFL, although its teams occasionally played members of other rival U.S. leagues in the circuit's early years. At the time, the Western teams were still struggling to gain recognition within Canada as the Eastern Conference's competitive equal. A more practical factor inhibiting Western interleague play with the NFL was the prohibitive amount of time it would have taken to travel by rail from an NFL city to Western Canada for an exhibition game (the CFL did not even implement regular season interconference play until air travel came to be seen as a safe means of transport in the 1960s). Also, by the 1950s the West was already playing its regular season in August while the Eastern Conference still started its season around the same time as the NFL.
In the summer of 1983 an English entrepreneur named John Marshall hired Wembley Stadium and brought the Minnesota Vikings and St. Louis Cardinals over to play a pre-season exhibition game called The Global Cup. Just over 30,000 fans turned out that day to witness the game. In 1984, Marshall invited the United States Football League's Tampa Bay Bandits and Philadelphia Stars to play a post season exhibition game in July.
The American Bowl was a series of NFL pre-season exhibition games that were held at sites outside the United States between 1986 and 2005. The league started the American Bowl series in 1986 primarily to promote American football in other countries. The American Bowl was a fifth pre-season game, played the same weekend as the Pro Football Hall of Fame Game, and did not take away a game from the participating teams' pre-season schedules. At least one American Bowl game was played annually from 1986 to 2003. As many as four were played per year in the early 1990s. There was no American Bowl game played in 2004. The last American Bowl was held in 2005. NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell cited the league's new international strategy in the abandonment of international pre-season games as well as the closure of NFL Europe, instead focusing on playing regular season games in foreign countries. There have been three international pre-season games during the American Bowl era that did not receive the American Bowl name because they were not arranged by the NFL but, rather, the scheduled home team elected to play there.
The China Bowl was the name of a proposed NFL pre-season exhibition game that had been scheduled to take place in August 2007, but later postponed to August 2009 so that more focus could be placed on the start of the International Series, and ultimately canceled, between the New England Patriots and the Seattle Seahawks at the National Stadium in Beijing. The originally scheduled China Bowl was to be played at Workers Stadium in Beijing, China, on August 8, 2007. The game was to kick off the one-year countdown before the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, and would have been the first NFL-sanctioned game to take place in China.
On October 2, 2005, the Arizona Cardinals defeated the San Francisco 49ers by a score of 31–14 at Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, under the name NFL Fútbol Americano. It was the first regular season NFL game held outside of the United States. The game drew the NFL's highest game attendance at the time with 103,467 spectators.
Beginning with the 2007 season, the National Football League has hosted regular season American football games outside of the United States every year in a series known as the International Series. Wembley Stadium, in London, United Kingdom, was the first location to host the series, staging at least one game every year since the series began.
In October 2015 the league announced that a resolution had been passed approving continuing the International Series until 2025, and expanding it to include games in international cities outside the United Kingdom. The NFL has an agreement to play at least two games per year at Wembley until 2020, with the Jacksonville Jaguars relocating a home game there annually throughout the agreement. In addition, three to five games are scheduled to take place at England rugby's Twickenham Stadium between 2016 and 2018, while at least two games per year are planned to be played at the new stadium at Northumberland Development Project between 2018 and 2027 as part of an agreement with Tottenham Hotspur.
Additional markets under consideration included Mexico, Germany and Canada. On February 5, 2016, it was announced that the Oakland Raiders would host the Houston Texans on November 21, 2016, at Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, Mexico. On November 19, 2017, the Estadio Azteca hosted a regular season Sunday afternoon game between the New England Patriots and the Oakland Raiders.
The Bills Toronto Series was an agreement between the Buffalo Bills and Rogers Communications to host a series of Bills National Football League games at the Rogers Centre in nearby Toronto, Ontario, Canada in an attempt by the team to broaden its fan base. The Bills Toronto Series was distinct from the NFL International Series because it is arranged by an individual team rather than the league.
The series was conceived by a group that included then Bills owner Ralph Wilson, Ted Rogers of Rogers Communications and Larry Tanenbaum of Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment. During the original five-year deal, which began with the 2008 season, the Bills played one regular season home game per year as well as a pre-season home game at Rogers Centre in 2008 and 2010, for a total of seven games in Toronto. A pre-season game originally planned for 2012 was cancelled, as home games for the Toronto Blue Jays and Toronto Argonauts and a Bruce Springsteen concert conflicted with the NFL pre-season. In 2013, the series was renewed for five more years through 2017. The new deal featured one regular season game each year plus a pre-season game in 2015. However, following the first contest in 2013 it was announced that Rogers and the Bills had postponed the series for a year, and several months later, following the sale of the Bills to new ownership, the parties reached an agreement to cancel the Toronto Series permanently.
Teams that have had the scheduling disadvantage of giving up a home game to participate in the series, resulting in seven home games, eight away games and one neutral site game, have seen a significant disparity in their success relative to the designated visitors, who end up with eight home games, seven away games and one neutral site game. For the 18 regular season games played outside the United States through 2015, 20 of the 21 designated home teams failed to reach the playoffs while 11 of the 21 designated visitors reached the postseason that year. In 2015, the Kansas City Chiefs became the first designated home team to go on to reach the playoffs.
Below is a list of games played outside the United States by teams from the NFL, and its precursor leagues the American Football League of 1926 (AFL 1926), All-America Football Conference (AAFC), and American Football League (AFL) from which the NFL absorbed teams.
|Season||Date||Series||Type||Winning/Tied Team||Score||Losing/Tied Team||Stadium||City||Country||Ref|
|1926||November 8||–||REG||New York Yankees (AFL 1926)||28–0||Los Angeles Wildcats (AFL 1926)||Maple Leaf Stadium||Toronto||Canada|||
|1948||August 19||CFL||INT||Brooklyn Dodgers (AAFC)||27–1||Montreal Alouettes (CFL)||Delorimier Stadium||Montreal||Canada|||
|1950||August 12||CFL||INT||New York Giants||27–6||Ottawa Rough Riders (CFL)||Lansdowne Park||Ottawa||Canada|||
|1951||August 11||CFL||INT||New York Giants||41–18||Ottawa Rough Riders (CFL)||Lansdowne Park||Ottawa||Canada|||
|1959||August 5||CFL||INT||Chicago Cardinals||55–26||Toronto Argonauts (CFL)||Exhibition Stadium||Toronto||Canada|
|1960||August 3||CFL||INT||Pittsburgh Steelers||43–16||Toronto Argonauts (CFL)||Exhibition Stadium||Toronto||Canada|
|August 15||–||EXH||Chicago Bears||16–7||New York Giants||Varsity Stadium||Toronto||Canada|
|August 29||–||EXH||Dallas Cowboys||Cancelled||New York Giants||Delorimier Stadium||Montreal||Canada|||
|1961||August 2||CFL||INT||St. Louis Cardinals||36–7||Toronto Argonauts (CFL)||Exhibition Stadium||Toronto||Canada|
|August 5||CFL||INT||Chicago Bears||34–16||Montreal Alouettes (CFL)||Molson Stadium||Montreal||Canada|||
|August 8||CFL||INT||Hamilton Tiger-Cats (CFL)||38–21||Buffalo Bills (AFL)||Civic Stadium||Hamilton||Canada|
|1968||August 11||–||EXH||Detroit Lions||Cancelled||Philadelphia Eagles||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|||
|1969||August 25||–||INT||Detroit Lions||22–9||Boston Patriots (AFL)||Jarry Park||Montreal||Canada|||
|September 11||–||EXH||Pittsburgh Steelers||17–13||New York Giants||Jarry Park||Montreal||Canada|||
|1976||August 16||MSB||EXH||St. Louis Cardinals||20–10||San Diego Chargers||Korakuen Stadium||Tokyo||Japan|||
|1978||August 5||–||EXH||New Orleans Saints||14–7||Philadelphia Eagles||Estadio Olímpico de la Ciudad de los Deportes||Mexico City||Mexico|||
|1983||August 6||GC||EXH||Minnesota Vikings||28–10||St. Louis Cardinals||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|||
|1986||August 3||AB||EXH||Chicago Bears||17–6||Dallas Cowboys||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|1987||August 9||AB||EXH||Los Angeles Rams||28–27||Denver Broncos||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|1988||July 31||AB||EXH||Miami Dolphins||27–21||San Francisco 49ers||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|August 14||VAFC||EXH||Minnesota Vikings||28–21||Chicago Bears||Ullevi Stadium||Göteborg||Sweden|||
|August 18||MC||EXH||New York Jets||11–7||Cleveland Browns||Olympic Stadium||Montreal||Canada|||
|August 27||–||EXH||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Cancelled||Buffalo Bills||Exhibition Stadium||Toronto||Canada|||
|1989||August 6||AB||EXH||Los Angeles Rams||16–13 (OT)||San Francisco 49ers||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 6||AB||EXH||Philadelphia Eagles||17–13||Cleveland Browns||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|1990||August 5||AB||EXH||Denver Broncos||10–7||Seattle Seahawks||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 5||AB||EXH||New Orleans Saints||17–10||Los Angeles Raiders||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|August 9||AB||EXH||Pittsburgh Steelers||30–14||New England Patriots||Olympic Stadium||Montreal||Canada|
|August 11||AB||EXH||Los Angeles Rams||19–3||Kansas City Chiefs||Olympiastadion||West Berlin||West Germany|
|1991||July 28||AB||EXH||Buffalo Bills||17–13||Philadelphia Eagles||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|August 3||AB||EXH||San Francisco 49ers||21–7||Chicago Bears||Olympiastadion||Berlin||Germany|
|August 4||AB||EXH||Miami Dolphins||19–17||Los Angeles Raiders||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|1992||August 2||AB||EXH||Houston Oilers||34–23||Dallas Cowboys||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 15||AB||EXH||Miami Dolphins||31–27||Denver Broncos||Olympiastadion||Berlin||Germany|
|August 16||AB||EXH||San Francisco 49ers||17–15||Washington Redskins||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|1993||August 1||AB||EXH||New Orleans Saints||28–16||Philadelphia Eagles||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 1||AB||EXH||San Francisco 49ers||21–14||Pittsburgh Steelers||Estadi Olímpic||Barcelona||Spain|
|August 7||AB||EXH||Minnesota Vikings||20–6||Buffalo Bills||Olympiastadion||Berlin||Germany|
|August 8||AB||EXH||Dallas Cowboys||13–13 (OT)||Detroit Lions||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|August 14||–||EXH||Cleveland Browns||12–9||New England Patriots||SkyDome||Toronto||Canada|
|1994||July 31||AB||EXH||Los Angeles Raiders||25–22 (OT)||Denver Broncos||Estadi Olímpic||Barcelona||Spain|
|August 7||AB||EXH||Minnesota Vikings||17–9||Kansas City Chiefs||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 13||AB||EXH||New York Giants||28–20||San Diego Chargers||Olympiastadion||Berlin||Germany|
|August 15||AB||EXH||Houston Oilers||6–0||Dallas Cowboys||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|1995||August 6||AB||EXH||Denver Broncos||24–10||San Francisco 49ers||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 12||AB||EXH||Buffalo Bills||9–7||Dallas Cowboys||SkyDome||Toronto||Canada|
|1996||July 28||AB||EXH||San Diego Chargers||20–10||Pittsburgh Steelers||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 5||AB||EXH||Kansas City Chiefs||32–6||Dallas Cowboys||Estadio Universitario||Monterrey||Mexico|
|1997||July 27||AB||EXH||Pittsburgh Steelers||30–17||Chicago Bears||Croke Park||Dublin||Ireland|
|August 4||AB||EXH||Miami Dolphins||38–19||Denver Broncos||Estadio Guillermo Cañedo||Mexico City||Mexico|
|August 16||AB||EXH||Green Bay Packers||35–3||Buffalo Bills||SkyDome||Toronto||Canada|
|1998||August 2||AB||EXH||Green Bay Packers||27–24 (OT)||Kansas City Chiefs||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 15||AB||EXH||San Francisco 49ers||24–21||Seattle Seahawks||BC Place Stadium||Vancouver||Canada|
|August 17||AB||EXH||New England Patriots||21–3||Dallas Cowboys||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|1999||August 8||AB||EXH||Denver Broncos||20–17||San Diego Chargers||Stadium Australia||Sydney||Australia|
|2000||August 6||AB||EXH||Atlanta Falcons||20–9||Dallas Cowboys||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|August 19||AB||EXH||Indianapolis Colts||24–23||Pittsburgh Steelers||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|2001||August 27||AB||EXH||Dallas Cowboys||21–6||Oakland Raiders||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|2002||August 3||AB||EXH||Washington Redskins||38–7||San Francisco 49ers||Osaka Dome||Osaka||Japan|||
|2003||August 2||AB||EXH||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||30–14||New York Jets||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|
|2005||August 6||AB||EXH||Atlanta Falcons||27–21||Indianapolis Colts||Tokyo Dome||Tokyo||Japan|||
|October 2||FA||REG||Arizona Cardinals||31–14||San Francisco 49ers||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|2007||August 8||CB||EXH||Seattle Seahawks||Cancelled||New England Patriots||Workers' Stadium||Beijing||China|
|October 28||IS||REG||New York Giants||13–10||Miami Dolphins||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|2008||August 14||BTS||EXH||Buffalo Bills||24–21||Pittsburgh Steelers||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|October 26||IS||REG||New Orleans Saints||37–32||San Diego Chargers||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|December 7||BTS||REG||Miami Dolphins||16–3||Buffalo Bills||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2009||October 25||IS||REG||New England Patriots||35–7||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|December 3||BTS||REG||New York Jets||19–13||Buffalo Bills||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2010||August 19||BTS||EXH||Buffalo Bills||34–21||Indianapolis Colts||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|October 31||IS||REG||San Francisco 49ers||24–16||Denver Broncos||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|November 7||BTS||REG||Chicago Bears||22–19||Buffalo Bills||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2011||October 23||IS||REG||Chicago Bears||24–18||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 30||BTS||REG||Buffalo Bills||23–0||Washington Redskins||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2012||October 28||IS||REG||New England Patriots||45–7||St. Louis Rams||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|December 16||BTS||REG||Seattle Seahawks||50–17||Buffalo Bills||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2013||September 29||IS||REG||Minnesota Vikings||34–27||Pittsburgh Steelers||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 27||IS||REG||San Francisco 49ers||42–10||Jacksonville Jaguars||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|||
|December 1||BTS||REG||Atlanta Falcons||34–31 (OT)||Buffalo Bills||Rogers Centre||Toronto||Canada|||
|2014||September 28||IS||REG||Miami Dolphins||38–14||Oakland Raiders||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 26||IS||REG||Detroit Lions||22–21||Atlanta Falcons||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|||
|November 9||IS||REG||Dallas Cowboys||31–17||Jacksonville Jaguars||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|||
|2015||October 4||IS||REG||New York Jets||27–14||Miami Dolphins||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 25||IS||REG||Jacksonville Jaguars||34–31||Buffalo Bills||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|November 1||IS||REG||Kansas City Chiefs||45–10||Detroit Lions||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|||
|2016||October 2||IS||REG||Jacksonville Jaguars||30–27||Indianapolis Colts||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 23||IS||REG||New York Giants||17–10||Los Angeles Rams||Twickenham Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 30||IS||REG||Washington Redskins||27–27 (OT)||Cincinnati Bengals||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|November 21||IS||REG||Oakland Raiders||27–20||Houston Texans||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|2017||September 24||IS||REG||Jacksonville Jaguars||44–7||Baltimore Ravens||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 1||IS||REG||New Orleans Saints||20–0||Miami Dolphins||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 22||IS||REG||Los Angeles Rams||33–0||Arizona Cardinals||Twickenham Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 29||IS||REG||Minnesota Vikings||33–16||Cleveland Browns||Twickenham Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|November 19||IS||REG||New England Patriots||33–8||Oakland Raiders||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
|2018||October 14||IS||REG||Seattle Seahawks||23-7||Oakland Raiders||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 21||IS||REG||Los Angeles Chargers||20-19||Tennessee Titans||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|October 28||IS||REG||Philadelphia Eagles||24-18||Jacksonville Jaguars||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom|
|November 19||IS||REG||Los Angeles Rams||Cancelled||Kansas City Chiefs||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|||
|2019||TBD||IS||REG||Carolina Panthers||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||TBD||London||United Kingdom|
|TBD||IS||REG||Chicago Bears||Oakland Raiders||TBD||London||United Kingdom|
|TBD||IS||REG||Cincinnati Bengals||Los Angeles Rams||TBD||London||United Kingdom|
|TBD||IS||REG||Houston Texans||Jacksonville Jaguars||TBD||London||United Kingdom|
|TBD||IS||REG||Kansas City Chiefs||Los Angeles Chargers||Estadio Azteca||Mexico City||Mexico|
The American Bowl was a series of National Football League pre-season exhibition games that were held at sites outside the United States between 1986 and 2005.
The league started the American Bowl series in 1986 primarily to promote American football in other countries. After successful games in London's Wembley Stadium, the series was expanded to Japan. After 1990, games were also played in Montreal and Berlin to promote the new World League of American Football (later NFL Europe) which started in 1991.Bills Toronto Series
The Bills Toronto Series was a series of National Football League (NFL) games featuring the Buffalo Bills played at the Rogers Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The original series began in the 2008 season and ran through 2012. The Bills were originally scheduled to play eight (later reduced to seven) home games over five seasons as part of the agreement, which included one regular-season game each of the five years and one pre-season game on the first, third and (originally) fifth year of the series. This included the first regular-season NFL game played in Canada, which the Bills lost to the Miami Dolphins. The agreement was renewed for five additional years, with an annual regular season game and one preseason game, on January 29, 2013, but following the 2013 contest it was announced that the 2014 game had been postponed for a year. On December 3, 2014, it was announced that a deal had been reached to terminate the remainder of the contract, ending the Bills' experiment in Toronto.The series was conceived by a group that included former Bills owner Ralph Wilson, Ted Rogers of Rogers Communications and Larry Tanenbaum of Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment.Chicago Cardinals–Toronto Argonauts exhibition game
The Chicago Cardinals–Toronto Argonauts exhibition game of August 5, 1959 was the inaugural game of Toronto's Exhibition Stadium and the first game a National Football League team played in the city. It was also the first NFL-CFL exhibition match held since the establishment of the Canadian Football League in 1958, and marked the beginning of a three-year, four game exhibition series between the leagues.
The game was played with a mixture of Canadian and American rules. The field featured the larger Canadian dimensions but there were only eleven rather than twelve men a side, as in the NFL; fewer men on a larger surface helped ensure a high scoring game. NFL-style was adopted for down field blocking but it was CFL rules on kicks and returns and the American fair catch rule did not apply.The Cardinals were lopsided victors in the game, 55-26. The Argonauts did surprise by opening up an early 13-1 lead on the strength of a 70-yard interception return by Bob Dehlinger, but the Cardinal's superior weight and blocking won the day. Eight different Cardinals scored touchdowns and four quarterbacks saw action. Cardinals' coach Frank "Pop" Ivy was intimately familiar with the Canadian game, having coached the Edmonton Eskimos, which gave an advantage to the American squad. Reported to outweigh the Argonauts by an average of twenty pounds, and with specialists at each position, the Cardinals left their Canadian rivals wounded. Four Argos were injured in the contest, including star centre Norm Stoneburgh and Don Caraway, an anchor on the defensive line.China Bowl (NFL)
The China Bowl was the name of a proposed National Football League (NFL) pre-season exhibition game that had been scheduled to take place in August 2007, but later postponed to 2009 and ultimately canceled, between the New England Patriots and the Seattle Seahawks at the National Stadium in Beijing.The originally scheduled China Bowl was to be played at Workers' Stadium in Beijing, China, on August 8, 2007. The game was to kick off the one-year countdown before the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, and was to take place right before the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup (also being held in China), and would have been the first NFL-sanctioned game to take place in China, as well as the first NFL preseason game played outside the United States since the league abandoned the American Bowl series in 2005 (game 1 of the Bills Toronto Series held that honor).
On April 2, 2007, the NFL announced the rescheduling of the preseason game in Beijing to August 2009, so that more focus could be placed on the start of the International Series, the first regular season game to take place outside of North America, which took place at Wembley Stadium, London that October. Both teams expressed interest in still playing the game, and the Patriots, having operations in China at the time, would have been an opponent either way.
As a result of the 2008 recession, the Patriots shut down their base of operations in China, and the game was never played. The Patriots were instead assigned to the next game in the International Series, against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, which was played at Wembley on October 25, 2009. The Patriots won 35–7. Since then, the NFL has not openly expressed interest in scheduling any game, whether preseason or regular season, in China or any other Asian country.MLB Japan All-Star Series
The MLB Japan All-Star Series is an biennial end-of-the-season tour of Japan made by an All-Star team from Major League Baseball (MLB) since 1986, contested in a best-of format against the All-Stars from Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) or recently as of 2014 their national team Samurai Japan (SJP).
The series featured many great players, such as Nori Aoki, Barry Bonds, Ken Griffey Jr., Chase Utley, Ryan Howard, Hideki Matsui, Ichiro Suzuki, Shinnosuke Abe, David Ortiz, Sammy Sosa, Justin Morneau, David Wright, Jose Reyes, José Altuve, Robinson Canó and Manny Ramírez.
In the beginning of all games the American, Canadian and Japanese national anthems are all played. And games can end in a tie if it persists through 12 innings, just as in NPB rules.NFL International Series
Starting in the 2007 season, the National Football League (NFL) has hosted regular season American football games outside the United States every year. Collectively officially known through 2016 as the NFL International Series, since 2017 the series has two sub-series: the NFL London Games in London, which has been in place since 2007, and the NFL Mexico Game in Mexico City, which began in 2016 with a predecessor game in 2005.
Initially, all games in the International Series were held in London. Wembley Stadium was the exclusive home stadium for International Series games from 2007 to 2015 and will continue to host at least two NFL games through at least 2020; beginning in 2016, the series began expanding to more stadiums, first to Twickenham Stadium in London (2016–2017) and to Estadio Azteca in Mexico City (2016–2021) and eventually to Tottenham Hotspur Stadium in London (2019–2027), with possible future plans to expand the series to Germany and/or Canada.Potential London NFL franchise
The London NFL franchise is a hypothetical National Football League (NFL) American football team based in London, England; formed as a new expansion team, or by relocating one of the existing 32 NFL teams currently based in the United States. Should the league establish a team in London, it would become the first of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada to establish a franchise outside either of those two countries.
A London NFL franchise would be intended to grow the league's revenues and provide further access to the United Kingdom and European markets. However, the agreement of league owners is needed to undertake an expansion or relocation, and a London franchise would face financial, legal and logistical challenges. Possible home stadiums for the London team include one or more of Wembley Stadium, Twickenham Stadium or Tottenham Hotspur Stadium.
The NFL is aiming to establish a London franchise by around 2025, and has the active support of the UK government. Since 2007, the league has held multiple regular season games in London each season as part of NFL London Games, allowing the league to test solutions to some of the challenges facing a hypothetical London franchise.