List of Major League Baseball single-season records

This is a list of single-season records in Major League Baseball.

Batting records

Overview (1876–present)

Records Player # Season Refs
Games Maury Wills 165 1962
Highest batting average Hugh Duffy .440 1894 [1]
Most singles Ichiro Suzuki 225 2004 [2]
Most doubles Earl Webb 67 1931 [3]
Most triples Chief Wilson 36 1912 [4]
Most home runs Barry Bonds 73 2001
Most runs batted in Hack Wilson 191 1930 [5]
Most hits Ichiro Suzuki 262 2004 [6]
Most runs scored Billy Hamilton 192 1894 [7]
Highest on-base percentage Barry Bonds .609 2004 [8]
Most stolen bases[a] Hugh Nicol
Rickey Henderson
138
130
1887
1982
[9]
Highest slugging percentage Barry Bonds .863 2001 [10]
Highest OPS Barry Bonds 1.422 2004 [11]
Most walks Barry Bonds 232 2004 [12]
Most strikeouts Mark Reynolds 223 2009
Most extra base hits Babe Ruth 119 1921 [13]
Fastest pitch thrown Nolan Ryan 108.5 mph 1974
Most total bases Babe Ruth 457 1921 [14]
Consecutive game hitting streak Joe DiMaggio 56 1941
Most at-bats Jimmy Rollins 716 2007 [15]

Home runs

Player Team Home runs Season
Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants 73* 2001
Mark McGwire St. Louis Cardinals 70* 1998
Sammy Sosa Chicago Cubs 66* 1998
Mark McGwire St. Louis Cardinals 65* 1999
Sammy Sosa Chicago Cubs 64* 2001
Sammy Sosa Chicago Cubs 63* 1999
Roger Maris New York Yankees 61 1961
Babe Ruth New York Yankees 60 1927

Hits

Player Team Hits Season
Ichiro Suzuki Seattle Mariners 262 2004
George Sisler St. Louis Browns 257 1920
Bill Terry New York Giants 254 1930
Lefty O'Doul Philadelphia Phillies 254 1929

Batting average

Player Team Average Season
Nap Lajoie Philadelphia Athletics .426 1901
Rogers Hornsby St. Louis Cardinals .424 1924
George Sisler St. Louis Browns .420 1922
Ty Cobb Detroit Tigers .420 1911

Runs batted in

Hank Greenberg 1937 cropped
Hank Greenberg, Hall of Famer and 2-time MVP
Player Team RBIs Season
Hack Wilson Chicago Cubs 191 1930
Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 184 1931
Hank Greenberg Detroit Tigers 183 1937
Jimmie Foxx Boston Red Sox 175 1938
Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 175 1927

Hitting streak

Player Team Streak Season
Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees 56 1941
Pete Rose Cincinnati Reds 44 1978
Bill Dahlen Chicago Colts 42 1894
George Sisler St. Louis Browns 41 1922
Ty Cobb Detroit Tigers 40 1911

Runs scored

Player Team Runs Season
Babe Ruth New York Yankees 179 1921
Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 167 1936
Lou Gehrig New York Yankees 163 1931
Babe Ruth New York Yankees 163 1928
Chuck Klein Philadelphia Phillies 158 1930

Doubles

Player Team Doubles Season
Earl Webb Boston Red Sox 67 1931
George Burns Cleveland Indians 64 1926
Joe Medwick St. Louis Cardinals 64 1936
Hank Greenberg Detroit Tigers 63 1934
Paul Waner Pittsburgh Pirates 62 1932

Triples

Player Team Triples Season
Chief Wilson Pittsburgh Pirates 36 1912
Sam Crawford Detroit Tigers 26 1914
Kiki Cuyler Pittsburgh Pirates 26 1925
Joe Jackson Cleveland Naps 26 1912

At bats

Player Team At bats Season
Jimmy Rollins Philadelphia Phillies 716 2007
Willie Wilson Kansas City Royals 705 1980
Ichiro Suzuki Seattle Mariners 704 2004
Juan Samuel Philadelphia Phillies 701 1984
Dave Cash Philadelphia Phillies 699 1975
Juan Pierre Chicago Cubs 699 2006

Stolen bases

Player Team Stolen bases Season
Hugh Nicol Cincinnati Red Stockings 138 1887
Rickey Henderson Oakland Athletics 130 1982
Arlie Latham St. Louis Browns 129 1887
Lou Brock St. Louis Cardinals 118 1974
Charlie Comiskey St. Louis Browns 117 1887

Pitching records

Overview

Record Player # Season
Most wins Old Hoss Radbourn 58 1884
Most losses John Coleman 48 1883
Lowest E.R.A. Tim Keefe 0.86 1880
Most strikeouts Matt Kilroy 513 1886
Most shutouts George Bradley
Pete Alexander
16 1876
1916
Most innings pitched Will White 680 1879
Most complete games Will White 75 1879
Lowest WHIP Pedro Martínez .7373 2000
Most saves Francisco Rodríguez 62 2008
Highest win/loss percentage Roy Face 94.7% 1959
Most hits allowed John Coleman 772 1883
Most earned runs allowed John Coleman 291 1883

Live-ball era (1920–present)

(if different from above)

Record Player # Season
Most wins Jim Bagby, Sr.
Lefty Grove
Denny McLain
31 1920
1931
1968
Most losses Paul Derringer 27 1933
Most strikeouts Nolan Ryan 383 1973
Most shutouts Bob Gibson 13 1968
Most innings pitched Wilbur Wood 376.2 1972
Most complete games Bob Feller 36 1946
Most hits allowed Wilbur Wood 381 1973
Most earned runs allowed Bobo Newsom 186 1938

Wins

Post 19th Century

Player Team Wins Season
Jack Chesbro New York Yankees 41 1904
Ed Walsh Chicago White Sox 40 1908
Christy Mathewson New York Giants 37 1908
Walter Johnson Washington Senators 36 1913
Joe McGinnity New York Giants 35 1904

Live-ball era (post-1920)

Player Team Wins Season
Lefty Grove Philadelphia Athletics 31 1931
Denny McLain Detroit Tigers 31 1968
Dizzy Dean St. Louis Cardinals 30 1934
Hal Newhouser Detroit Tigers 29 1944
Dazzy Vance Brooklyn Dodgers 28 1924
Lefty Grove Philadelphia Athletics 28 1930
Dizzy Dean St. Louis Cardinals 28 1935
Robin Roberts Philadelphia Phillies 28 1952

Earned run average

Player Team ERA Season
Dutch Leonard Boston Red Sox 0.96 1914
Mordecai Brown Chicago Cubs 1.04 1906
Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 1.12 1968

Strikeouts

Player Team Strikeouts Season
Nolan Ryan California Angels 383 1973
Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers 382 1965
Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 372 2001
Nolan Ryan California Angels 367 1974
Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 364 1999

Shutouts

Player Team Shutouts Season
Jack Coombs Philadelphia Athletics 13 1910
Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 13 1968
Pete Alexander Philadelphia Phillies 12 1915

Saves

Player Team Saves Season
Francisco Rodríguez Los Angeles Angels 62 2008
Bobby Thigpen Chicago White Sox 57 1990
Edwin Díaz Seattle Mariners 57 2018
John Smoltz Atlanta Braves 55 2002
Éric Gagné Los Angeles Dodgers 55 2003

Balks

Player Team Balks Season
Dave Stewart Oakland Athletics 16 1988
John Dopson Boston Red Sox 15 1989
Bob Welch Oakland Athletics 13 1988
John Candelaria New York Yankees 12 1988
Juan Guzmán Texas Rangers 12 1988

Wild pitches

Player Team Wild pitches Season
Red Ames New York Giants 30 1905
Tony Cloninger Atlanta Braves 27 1966
Larry Cheney Chicago Cubs 26 1914
Juan Guzmán Toronto Blue Jays 26 1993

Catcher records

Both of Ruiz's no-hitters were by Roy Halladay; the second was in Game 1 of the National League Division Series, Halladay's first career postseason start. Both of Ramos' no-hitters were by Max Scherzer.

In 1914, Yankees catcher Les Nunamaker threw out three runners in the same inning.[19]

Team records

Hits

Team Hits Season
Philadelphia Phillies 1,783 1930

Home runs

Team Home runs Season
New York Yankees 267 2018
Seattle Mariners 264 1997
Texas Rangers 260 2005
Toronto Blue Jays 257 2010
Baltimore Orioles 257 1996

Runs batted in

Team Runs Batted In Season
New York Yankees 995 1936

Runs scored

Team Runs Scored Season
New York Yankees 1,067 1931

Wins

Notes

  1. ^ Prior to 1898, a player was credited with a stolen base if he took an extra base on a base hit by another player. For example, a baserunner is on first base and the batter singles to right field. If the baserunner reaches second base, then proceeds to take third, he would be credited with a stolen base. The single-season record under modern rules is 130 by Rickey Henderson in 1982.

References

  1. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Batting average". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  2. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Singles". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Doubles". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  4. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Triples". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  5. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Runs Batted In". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  6. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  7. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Runs Scored". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  8. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for On-Base%". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  9. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Stolen Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  10. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Slugging %". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  11. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for On-Base Plus Slugging". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  12. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  13. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Intentional Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  14. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  15. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for At Bats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  16. ^ "Single-Season Leaders &Records for Caught Stealing as C - Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  17. ^ "Single-Season Leaders &Records for Stolen Bases Allowed as C - Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  18. ^ "Single-Season Leaders &Records for Caught Stealing % - Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  19. ^ "WordPress.com". Retrieved March 30, 2017.
Barry Bonds

Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964) is an American former professional baseball left fielder who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Pittsburgh Pirates and San Francisco Giants. He received a record seven NL MVP awards, eight Gold Glove awards, a record 12 Silver Slugger awards, and 14 All-Star selections. He is considered to be one of the greatest baseball players of all time.Bonds was regarded as an exceptional hitter: he led MLB in on-base plus slugging six times, and placed within the top five hitters in 12 of his 17 qualifying seasons. He holds many MLB hitting records, including most career home runs (762), most home runs in a single season (73, set in 2001) and most career walks.Bonds was also known as a talented all-around baseball player. He won eight Gold Glove awards for his defensive play in the outfield. He stole 514 bases with his baserunning speed, becoming the first and only MLB player to date with at least 500 home runs and 500 stolen bases (no other player has even 400 of each). He is ranked second in career Wins Above Replacement among all major league position players by both Fangraphs and Baseball-Reference.com, behind only Babe Ruth.However, Bonds led a controversial career, notably as a central figure in baseball's steroids scandal. In 2007, he was indicted on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice for allegedly lying to the grand jury during the federal government's investigation of BALCO. The perjury charges against Bonds were dropped and an initial obstruction of justice conviction was overturned in 2015.Bonds became eligible for the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013; he has not been elected, with his highest share of the vote coming in 2019, his seventh of ten years of eligibility, when he received 59.1%.

List of Major League Baseball career records

In Major League Baseball (MLB), records play an integral part in evaluating a player's impact on the sport. Holding a career record almost guarantees a player eventual entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame because it represents both longevity and consistency over a long period of time.

Major League Baseball records

Major League Baseball records are the superlative statistics of Major League Baseball (MLB). These include:

List of Major League Baseball career records

List of Major League Baseball single-season records

List of Major League Baseball single-game records

Pete Rose

Peter Edward Rose (born April 14, 1941), also known by his nickname "Charlie Hustle", is an American former professional baseball player and manager. Rose played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1963 to 1986, and managed from 1984 to 1989.

Rose was a switch hitter and is the all-time MLB leader in hits (4,256), games played (3,562), at-bats (14,053), singles (3,215), and outs (10,328). He won three World Series rings, three batting titles, one Most Valuable Player Award, two Gold Gloves, and the Rookie of the Year Award, and also made 17 All-Star appearances at an unequaled five positions (second baseman, left fielder, right fielder, third baseman, and first baseman). Rose won both of his Gold Gloves when he was an outfielder, in 1969 and 1970.

In August 1989 (his last year as a manager and three years after retiring as a player), Rose was penalized with permanent ineligibility from baseball amidst accusations that he gambled on baseball games while he played for and managed the Reds; the charges of wrongdoing included claims that he bet on his own team. In 1991, the Baseball Hall of Fame formally voted to ban those on the "permanently ineligible" list from induction, after previously excluding such players by informal agreement among voters. After years of public denial, Rose admitted in 2004 that he bet on baseball and on the Reds. The issue of Rose's possible reinstatement and election to the Hall of Fame remains contentious throughout baseball.

On June 22, 2015, ESPN concluded its own investigation of Rose and determined that he had bet on baseball while still a player–manager from 1984 to 1986. The results of the investigation were made public and revealed the records of bets that Rose had made on baseball. U.S. federal authorities had seized the records from one of Rose's associates. Rose is the only person to be placed on the ineligible list by mutual agreement.

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