List of Major League Baseball single-game records

The following is a list of single-game baseball records and unusual events. The following criteria are used for inclusion:

  • Only events occurring within a single plate appearance, inning, or game are included; cumulative or aggregate records achieved over more than one game are not listed.
  • Events occurring during post-season play are included, but events occurring during an All-Star Game are not included.

Individual batting/hitting

Event # of occurrences References
10 or more runs batted in during a game 14 Baseball Almanac
Hitting for the natural cycle 14 Baseball Almanac
6 singles in a 9-inning game 18 Baseball Almanac
4 home runs in a game 17 Baseball Almanac
6 or more runs scored in a game 19 Baseball Almanac
Home run on first pitch in the major leagues 30 Baseball Almanac
Home run in final at bat in the major leagues 47 Baseball Almanac
Home run in first at bat in the major leagues 116 Baseball Almanac
Inside-the-park grand slam 224[16]
Hitting for the cycle 292[17]

Collective batting/hitting

Event # of occurrences References
Two inside the park grand slams by two teammates in a game 1a Baseball Almanac
2 pinch-hit grand slams (by batters on different teams) in a game 1b Baseball Almanac
10 home runs by one team in a game 1c Baseball Almanac
Home runs by same 2 consecutive batters twice in same inning 1d AP Online
5 sacrifice flies by one team in a game 2e CBS Sportsline
9 or more home runs by one team in a game 2 Baseball Almanac
5 or more home runs by one team in an inning 2f Wikipedia
3 grand slams by both teams in a game 3 Baseball Almanac
3 sacrifice flies by one team in a single inning[18] 4 Baseball Almanac
4 home runs by 4 consecutive batters 7g Baseball Almanac
3 grand slams by one team in a game 1 Washington Post

Individual pitching

  • 20 strikeouts in a nine-inning game. Number of occurrences:5.[19] Roger Clemens 1986 and 1996 struck out 20. Kerry Wood in 1998. Most recently, Max Scherzer, May 11, 2016. In 2001, Randy Johnson also struck out 20 in a 9-inning start, but the game went on to extra innings.
  • 21 strikeouts in a game of any length. Number of occurrences: 1.[19] Tom Cheney, September 12, 1962 (pitched 16 innings of a 16-inning game).
  • 26 innings pitched in a game. Number of occurrences: 2.[20] Leon Cadore and Joe Oeschger, May 1, 1920. (Same game.)
  • 4 consecutive home runs allowed. Number of occurrences: 4.[21][22] Paul Foytack, July 31, 1963; Chase Wright, April 22, 2007, Dave Bush, August 11, 2010 and Michael Blazek, July 27, 2017.
  • 7 home runs allowed in a game. Number of occurrences: 1.[23] Charlie Sweeney, June 12, 1886.
  • 5 wild pitches in one game. Number of occurrences: 5.[24][25] Most recently, Freddy García, April 10, 2012. Rick Ankiel of the 2000 St. Louis Cardinals and Bert Cunningham of the 1890 Players' League both threw five wild pitches in a single inning.
  • 26 hits allowed in a game. Number of occurrences: 1. Allan Travers, May 18, 1912.
  • 29 hits allowed in an extra-inning game. Number of occurrences: 1. Eddie Rommel (17 innings), July 10, 1932.
  • Oldest pitcher to win a game. Jamie Moyer, age 49 years, 151 days, May 16, 2012.
  • Most innings pitched by a relief pitcher in one game. Zip Zabel, 18⅓ Innings. June 17th, 1915
Event # of occurrences References
10 consecutive strikeouts in a game 1h Baseball Almanac
20 or more consecutive scoreless innings pitched in a game 2 Baseball Almanac
First 27 batters retired without a perfect game[26] 2
Base on balls given to the first 4 batters 4 Baseball Almanac
6 or more home runs surrendered in a game 4 Baseball Almanac
Intentional base on balls with the bases loaded[27] 6 Baseball Almanac
Home run surrendered on first pitch in major leagues 7[28] Baseball Almanac
Perfect game bid lost on the 27th batter 13
4 consecutive strikeouts in a single inning[29] 16[30] Baseball Almanac
Perfect game 23[31]
4 strikeouts in a single inning[29] 61 Baseball Almanac
Home run surrendered to first batter faced in major leagues 69[32] Baseball Almanac
Immaculate Inning (9 pitches, 9 strikes, side retired) 75 Baseball Almanac
No-hitter 301

Collective pitching

  • 26 strikeouts in a game of any length. Number of occurrences: 3. Los Angeles Dodgers, June 2, 2017 (in a 12-inning game); Chicago Cubs, May 7, 2017 (in an 18-inning game); and California Angels, July 9, 1971 (in a 20-inning game).
  • Most strikeouts in a game of any length by both teams. 48 in an 18 inning game between the Cubs and Yankees on May 7th 2017 [33]

Fielding

  • Team executes two triple plays in a game. Number of occurrences: 1.[34] Minnesota Twins, July 17, 1990.
  • Shortstop plays doubleheader without an official chance. Number of occurrences: 1.[35] Toby Harrah, June 25, 1976.
  • Unassisted triple play. Number of occurrences: 15.[36] Most recently, Eric Bruntlett, August 23, 2009.
  • Three errors on one play. Number of occurrences: 4. Most recently committed by Los Angeles Dodgers vs San Diego Padres, September 8, 2014. Yasiel Puig bungled a throw to first base. A. J. Ellis then torpedoed the throw into left field, and then on the relay to home plate, Hanley Ramírez threw the ball past a diving Clayton Kershaw to complete the trifecta of errors.[37]

Baserunning

Event # of occurrences References
Two triple steals by the same team in a game 1i Baseball Almanac
A single baserunner caught stealing 4 times in a game 1j Baseball Almanac
8 stolen bases by a team in a single inning 2 Baseball Almanac
Home stolen 3 times by the same team in a game 5 Baseball Almanac
A single baserunner caught stealing twice in a single inning 10 Baseball Almanac
Home stolen twice by a single baserunner in a game 11 Baseball Almanac
One player stealing second, third, and home in a single inning 52 Baseball Almanac

Unique events

Letters identify the individuals or teams that accomplished the feat.

a. Jimmy Sheckard and Joe Kelley, Brooklyn Superbas, September 23, 1901
b. Pat Crawford (New York Giants) and Les Bell (Boston Braves), May 26, 1929
c. Toronto Blue Jays, September 14, 1987
d. Mike Cameron and Bret Boone, Seattle Mariners, May 2, 2002 (Mike Cameron went on to hit 4 home runs and tie the major-league record in the game).
e. Seattle Mariners, August 7, 1988; Colorado Rockies, June 7, 2006
f. Tony Oliva, Harmon Killebrew, Don Mincher, Rich Rollins and Zoilo Versalles, Minnesota Twins, June 9, 1966
g. See Baseball Almanac under "Most Consecutively" for full list
h. Tom Seaver, New York Mets, April 22, 1970
i. Philadelphia Athletics, July 25, 1930
j. Robby Thompson, San Francisco Giants, June 27, 1986

Notes

  1. ^ 4 Home Runs in 1 Game by Baseball Almanac
  2. ^ a b 2 Grand Slams In 1 Game by Baseball Almanac
  3. ^ Home Run From Both Sides Of The Plate In One Game
  4. ^ Grand Slam Records
  5. ^ Total Bases Records by Baseball Almanac
  6. ^ a b Hits Records by Baseball Almanac : Hits in a Career, Hits in a Single Season and Hits in a Game Records
  7. ^ Six Hits in One Game by Baseball Almanac
  8. ^ Triples Records by Baseball Almanac
  9. ^ [1]]
  10. ^ Intentional Bases On Balls Records by Baseball Almanac
  11. ^ a b Runs Scored Records by Baseball Almanac
  12. ^ Runs Batted in Records by Baseball Almanac
  13. ^ Grounding Into Double Plays Records by Baseball Almanac
  14. ^ Sacrifice Flies Records by Baseball Almanac
  15. ^ Seattle Mariners ride flurry of sacrifice flies to 11-6 victory over Kansas City Royals (Seattle Times, 16 April 2008, last accessed 28 July 2009)
  16. ^ As of 2002. This event was much more common before the modern era (i.e. the turn of the 20th century); there have been only 40 inside-the-park grand slams since 1950.
  17. ^ As of 3 September 2011.
  18. ^ This may seem impossible. However, a sacrifice fly can be awarded without an out being recorded, if the fielder in question commits an error.
  19. ^ a b Strikeout Records by Pitchers including Career Strikeouts, Single Season Strikeouts and Strikeouts in a Game Records, by Baseball Almanac
  20. ^ Innings Pitched Records & Scoreless Innings Pitched Records, by Baseball Almanac
  21. ^ The Official Site of The New York Yankees: News: New York Yankees News
  22. ^ Home Runs Allowed Records, by Baseball Almanac
  23. ^ Home Runs Allowed Records by Baseball Almanac
  24. ^ Wild Pitch Records, by Baseball Almanac
  25. ^ Cards beat Braves in wild one
  26. ^ This may seem impossible. However, by definition a perfect game requires more than simply retiring the first 27 batters in order; it also requires that the pitcher's team wins, and that the pitcher completes the entire game. See perfect game for more details.
  27. ^ These six events may be the only times in the history of baseball when a team has deliberately and with premeditation allowed a run to score by the opposing team for strategic purposes. It is true that there are cases where a particular choice of defensive alignment may make scoring more likely, and there are cases where decisions made in the moment of play allow a run to score in exchange for other strategic purposes, but intentionally walking in a run is clearly in a different class of strategic maneuver. This may also have occurred when a pitcher was instructed to deliberately hit a batter with the bases loaded, but in this case, intention is not provable.
  28. ^ Baseball Reference lists 6, but Hideki Okajima surrendered a home run on his first pitch April 2, 2007.
  29. ^ a b This is possible when a batter who has been struck out reaches first base safely under a dropped third strike. That is, if strike three is recorded on the batter but the catcher does not catch the ball to complete the putout (likely because of a wild pitch or passed ball) and first base is unoccupied, the batter may advance to first; the pitcher is credited with a strikeout, but no out is recorded.
  30. ^ The Baseball Almanac states that 16 pitchers have accomplished this feat. Of these, all but Chuck Finley have only once struck out 4 batters in a single inning (consecutively or otherwise). Finley however did it 3 times, but the Baseball Almanac does not state how many of those were consecutive strikeouts (i.e., whether it was once, twice, or all 3 times).
  31. ^ Some sources do not include the two perfect games thrown in the 19th century, because of differences in the rules of play, and thus list only twenty-one perfect games.
  32. ^ Baseball Reference lists 64, but Russ Johnson took Shane Komine deep in Komine's 2nd pitch on July 30, 2006. As well, Brandon Phillips hit one off of Steven Matz on his 5th pitch June 28, 2015.
  33. ^ http://www.foxsports.com/mlb/story/yankees-sweep-cubs-18-in-game-featuring-record-48-strikeouts-050817
  34. ^ Baseball's Triple Plays – Trivia & Miscellanea Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ The Official Site of The Texas Rangers: History: Rangers Timeline
  36. ^ Unassisted Triple Plays by Baseball Almanac
  37. ^ [2] USAToday.com

See also

J. D. Martinez

Julio Daniel Martinez (born August 21, 1987) is an American professional baseball outfielder and designated hitter for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). He has also played in MLB for the Houston Astros, Detroit Tigers, and Arizona Diamondbacks. A right-handed thrower and batter, Martinez stands 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall and weighs 221 pounds (100 kg).

A native of Miami, Florida, Martinez was selected by the Astros in the 20th round with the 611th pick in the 2009 amateur draft from Nova Southeastern University (NSU). He is a two-time selection for the MLB All-Star Game and a three-time Silver Slugger Award winner, as well as the only player to earn the latter honor twice in the same season. On September 4, 2017, Martinez became the 18th player in MLB history to hit four home runs in a single game, doing so versus the Los Angeles Dodgers. He is of Cuban descent.

He placed second in the American League in the 2018 season in home runs and batting average, and first in RBIs, and was a crucial component of the Red Sox's 2018 World Series title run.

Josh Hamilton

Joshua Holt Hamilton (born May 21, 1981) is an American former professional baseball outfielder. He played for the Cincinnati Reds (2007), Texas Rangers (2008-2012, 2015), and Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2013–2014). Hamilton is a five-time MLB All-Star and won the American League Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) in 2010.

Josh Hamilton was the first overall pick in the 1999 MLB draft by the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. He was considered a blue chip prospect until injuries and a drug addiction derailed his career, beginning in 2001. Prior to the 2007 season, Hamilton was selected by the Chicago Cubs (picking for the Reds) in the Rule 5 draft. During the off-season he was traded to the Rangers.

During the 2008 season, Hamilton was named to the AL All-Star team. He also participated in the Home Run Derby, where he hit a record 28 home runs in the opening round and finished with 35 home runs, which was second-most all-time in derby history. He made the All-Star team the next four seasons as well. In 2012, Hamilton received more votes than any other player on the All-Star Game ballot, besting by approximately 3.5 million votes the vote count set in 2011 by José Bautista. Hamilton won the AL batting title in 2010. On October 22, 2010, Hamilton was selected as MVP of the 2010 ALCS. On November 23, 2010, Hamilton was named the 2010 AL MVP, earning 22 of 28 first-place votes. On May 8, 2012, Hamilton became the 16th player in MLB history to hit four home runs in a game. All 4 home runs were 2-run home runs, and he set an AL record for total bases in a game with 18.

List of Major League Baseball career records

In Major League Baseball (MLB), records play an integral part in evaluating a player's impact on the sport. Holding a career record almost guarantees a player eventual entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame because it represents both longevity and consistency over a long period of time.

Major League Baseball records

Major League Baseball records are the superlative statistics of Major League Baseball (MLB). These include:

List of Major League Baseball career records

List of Major League Baseball single-season records

List of Major League Baseball single-game records

Max Scherzer

Maxwell M. Scherzer (born July 27, 1984) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB). Nicknamed “Mad Max”, he made his MLB debut as a member of the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2008, and later played for the Detroit Tigers. He has been an important figure in the both the Tigers' and Nationals' playoff presence, including Detroit's four consecutive American League Central titles from 2011−2014 and two of Washington's National League East titles. A power pitcher with a low three-quarter-arm delivery, Scherzer has achieved numerous strikeout records and distinctions. He is the tenth pitcher in history to garner at least three Cy Young Awards, the sixth to record two no-hitters in one season, the fifth to produce more than one immaculate inning, and the fourth to strike out at least 200 batters in a season seven years in a row.

The Diamondbacks selected Scherzer, a native of Greater St. Louis, in the first round and 11th overall of the 2006 amateur draft from the University of Missouri. A seven-time MLB All-Star, he is the fifth pitcher to start an All-Star Game for both the American and National Leagues. He is a winner of three strikeout titles, a four-time wins leader, and a four-time walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) leader. In addition to three Cy Young Awards, he also finished second in its voting in 2018 and fifth in 2014 and 2015. One the most consistent hurlers of his era, he has made at least 30 starts each season from 2009–2018, and struck out at least 230 batters in each season from 2012–2018. In 2018, he reached 300 strikeouts for the first time. Prior to the 2015 season, Scherzer agreed to a seven-year, $210 million contract with the Nationals, one of the largest in baseball history.

During his major league debut, Scherzer established the record for most consecutive hitters retired in a relief appearance as a major league debut with 13. He became the third pitcher to start a season with a 19–1 win–loss record, on the way to winning his first Cy Young Award in 2013. In 2015, Scherzer became the sixth pitcher in Major League history to record multiple no-hitters in a single season, including the first with at least 17 strikeouts and no bases on balls, and the first to accrue a game score of 100 or more twice in one season. On May 11, 2016, he tied the major league nine-inning strikeout record with 20, making him the second player to achieve both a no-hitter and 20 strikeouts over nine-innings. In 2017, he became the third-fastest hurler to record 2,000 strikeouts, and the fourth to strike out 250 or more in four consecutive seasons. Scherzer has more strikeouts (2,503) than any pitcher in the 2010s. He recorded one immaculate inning each in 2017 and 2018.

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