In baseball, hit by pitch (HBP) is a situation in which a batter or his clothing or equipment (other than his bat) is struck directly by a pitch from the pitcher; the batter is called a hit batsman (HB). A hit batsman is awarded first base, provided that (in the plate umpire's judgment) he made an honest effort to avoid the pitch, although failure to do so is rarely called by an umpire. Being hit by a pitch is often caused by a batter standing too close to, or "crowding", home plate.
Gus Weyhing (277) holds the dubious record of most hit batsmen in a career. Chick Fraser (219), Pink Hawley (210), and Walter Johnson (205) are the only other pitchers to hit 200 or more batters in their careers.
|Rank||Rank amongst leaders in career hit batsmen. A blank field indicates a tie.|
|Player (2019 HB)||Number of batters hit during the 2019 Major League Baseball season.|
|HB||Total career batters hit|
|*||Denotes elected to National Baseball Hall of Fame. |
|Bold||Denotes active player.[note 1]|
|Rank||Player (2019 HB)||HB|
|4||Walter Johnson *||205|
|5||Randy Johnson *||190|
|Eddie Plank *||190|
|9||Joe McGinnity *||179|
|11||Clark Griffith *||171|
|12||Cy Young *||161|
|13||Jim Bunning *||160|
|15||Nolan Ryan *||158|
|16||Vic Willis *||156|
|17||Bert Blyleven *||155|
|19||Don Drysdale *||154|
|25||A. J. Burnett||143|
|Pedro Martínez *||141|
|31||Chan Ho Park||138|
|Greg Maddux *||137|
|39||Kid Nichols *||129|
|Phil Niekro *||123|
|Rank||Player (2019 HB)||HB|
|CC Sabathia (2)||122|
|59||Rube Waddell *||115|
|61||Ice Box Chamberlain||113|
|Jack Chesbro *||113|
|65||Amos Rusie *||112|
|Charlie Morton (6)||111|
|70||Gaylord Perry *||108|
|79||Johnny Cueto (0)||104|
|Red Faber *||103|
|Félix Hernández (4)||103|
|85||Chief Bender *||102|
|Bob Gibson *||102|
|Ervin Santana (0)||102|
|Burleigh Grimes *||101|
|Tim Keefe *||98|
William James Duggleby (March 16, 1874 – August 30, 1944), nicknamed "Frosty Bill", was a pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies. He played from 1898 to 1907. He also played two games for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1902 and nine games for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1907. Duggleby is the first of four major league players to hit a grand slam in his first major league at-bat; Jeremy Hermida, Kevin Kouzmanoff and Daniel Nava are the other three. As of 2011, he still holds the Phillies team record for hit batsmen for a career (82).
Duggleby was one of the "jumpers" who left the Phillies in 1902 for other teams, including (in Duggleby's case) Connie Mack's new American League team, the Athletics. The Phillies filed suit to prevent the "jumpers" — in particular, Nap Lajoie, Bill Bernhard, and Chick Fraser — from playing for any other team, a plea which was rejected by a lower court before being upheld by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Duggleby was the first of the "jumpers" to return to the Phillies, on May 8, 1902, after playing only two games with the A's.
He was the manager of the Minor League Baseball team, the Albany Babies, in 1912.
Duggleby, a native of Utica, New York, died in Redfield, New York in 1944.Charlie Hough
Charles Oliver Hough (; born January 5, 1948) is a former Major League Baseball knuckleball pitcher.Chick Fraser
Charles Carrolton Fraser (August 26, 1873 – May 8, 1940) was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He pitched for numerous teams between 1896 and 1909. He ranks second all time among major-league pitchers in the category of hit batsmen, with 219. He lost 20 games five times, but he threw a no-hitter in 1903 and played on World Series championship teams for two years.Earl Moore
Earl Alonzo Moore (July 29, 1879 – November 28, 1961) was a professional baseball pitcher who had a 14-year career in Major League Baseball.Ed Doheny
Edwin Richard Doheny (November 24, 1873 – December 29, 1916) was an American baseball player. He played pitcher in the Major Leagues from 1895 to 1903, first for the New York Giants, then for the Pittsburgh Pirates. In 1903 he violently attacked several people, was declared insane and was committed to Danvers State Hospital in Danvers, Massachusetts. He died on December 29, 1916, in Medfield Insane Asylum.Ed Reulbach
Edward Marvin "Big Ed" Reulbach (December 1, 1882 – July 17, 1961) was a major league baseball pitcher for the Chicago Cubs during their glory years of the early 1900s.George Uhle
George Ernest Uhle (September 18, 1898 – February 26, 1985) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, he began his playing career with his hometown Cleveland Indians. After ten seasons, during which time he led the American League in wins, innings pitched, complete games, shutouts, and games started, he was traded in 1928 to the Detroit Tigers for Jackie Tavener and Ken Holloway. He went on to play with the New York Giants, New York Yankees, and again with the Indians. When his career ended in 1936, he had won 200 games. His lifetime batting average of .289 (393-for-1360) is still a record for a pitcher (not playing at any other position)
On May 25, 1929, the Detroit Tigers defeated the Chicago White Sox 6-5 in 21 innings. Uhle, who was the winning pitcher, pitched twenty innings to earn his eighth win of the season with no losses. The losing pitcher, Ted Lyons, pitched all 21 innings for Chicago.
Babe Ruth himself credited George with being the toughest pitcher he ever faced, although Ruth batted .336 against Uhle. Out of 714 career home runs, he got only four off Uhle. Uhle had the second most strikeouts of Ruth by a pitcher, with 25. Only Lefty Grove had more, with 27.
He was buried at Lakewood Park Cemetery in Rocky River, Ohio.Harry McIntire
John Reid McIntire (January 11, 1879 – January 9, 1949) was born in Dayton, Ohio and was a Pitcher for the Brooklyn Superbas (1905–09), Chicago Cubs (1910–12) and Cincinnati Reds (1913).
He helped the Cubs win the 1910 National League Pennant.
McIntire led the National League in Hits Allowed (340), Earned Runs Allowed (127) and Hit Batsmen (20) in 1905. He also led the league in Hits Batsmen in 1908 (20) and 1909 (21).
In 9 seasons he had a 71–117 Win–Loss record, 237 Games, 188 Games Started, 140 Complete Games, 17 Shutouts, 40 Games Finished, 7 Saves, 1,650 Innings Pitched, 1,555 Hits Allowed, 778 Runs Allowed, 590 Earned Runs Allowed, 34 Home Runs Allowed, 539 Walks Allowed, 626 Strikeouts, 96 Hit Batsmen, 14 Wild Pitches, 6,753 Batters Faced and 3.22 ERA.
McIntire died in Daytona Beach, Florida at the age of 69.Jack Billingham
John Eugene Billingham (born February 21, 1943) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1968 through 1980 for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Detroit Tigers and Boston Red Sox. The 6-foot-4 hurler won at least 10 games for 10 consecutive seasons, and he helped lead Cincinnati's legendary "Big Red Machine" to back-to-back World Series titles in 1975 and 1976. He batted and threw right-handed. Billingham is the cousin of Christy Mathewson.Jack Taylor (1900s pitcher)
John W. Taylor (January 14, 1874 – March 4, 1938) was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Chicago Cubs and St. Louis Cardinals.Jakie May
Frank Spruiell "Jakie" May (November 25, 1895 – June 3, 1970) was a professional baseball player. He was a left-handed pitcher over parts of 14 seasons (1917–1921, 1924–1932) with the St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds and Chicago Cubs. For his career, he compiled a 72–95 record in 410 appearances, most as a relief pitcher, with a 3.88 earned run average and 765 strikeouts.
May was a member of the National League pennant-winning 1932 Cubs, suffering the loss in the fourth and final game of the 1932 World Series against the New York Yankees. In World Series play, he had a 0–1 record in two appearances, with an 11.57 earned run average and 4 strikeouts.
May was born in Youngsville, North Carolina and later died in Wendell, North Carolina at the age of 74.Jesse Tannehill
Jesse Niles Tannehill (July 14, 1874 – September 22, 1956) was a dead-ball era left-handed pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, New York Highlanders, Boston Red Sox, and the Washington Senators. Tannehill was among the best pitchers of his era and was one of the best-hitting pitchers of all time. In fact, Tannehill was such a good hitter that he was used in the outfield 87 times in his career.Kid Carsey
Wilfred "Kid" Carsey (October 22, 1870 in New York City – March 29, 1960 in Miami, Florida), was a professional baseball player who played pitcher in the Major Leagues from 1891 to 1901. He played for the Washington Statesmen, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Washington Senators, New York Giants and Brooklyn Superbas.Mike Boddicker
Michael James Boddicker (born August 23, 1957) is an American right-handed former Major League Baseball pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles (1980–1988), Boston Red Sox (1988–1990), Kansas City Royals (1991–1992), and Milwaukee Brewers (1993). He was the ALCS MVP in 1983 and was an American League All-Star in 1984.Pedro Astacio
Pedro Julio Astacio (born November 28, 1968) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. He has played for the Los Angeles Dodgers (1992–1997), Colorado Rockies (1997–2001), Houston Astros (2001), New York Mets (2002–2003), Boston Red Sox (2004), Texas Rangers (2005), the San Diego Padres (2005) and the Washington Nationals (2006). In 2007, Astacio signed a contract with the Nationals' Triple-A affiliate, the Columbus Clippers, but they released him in May.Pink Hawley
Emerson Pink Hawley (December 5, 1872 in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin – September 19, 1938 in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin) was an American professional baseball player who played pitcher in the Major Leagues from 1892 to 1901. He played for the St. Louis Browns, Cincinnati Reds, New York Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Milwaukee Brewers. He threw a league-leading 34 complete games in 1900.Red Donahue
Francis Rostell "Red" Donahue (January 23, 1873 – August 25, 1913) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher from Waterbury, Connecticut, who played for 13 seasons both in the National League and the American League from 1893 through 1906.Rube Benton
John Cleave "Rube" Benton (June 27, 1890 – December 12, 1937) was a pitcher, born in Clinton, North Carolina, for Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds (1910–15 and 1923–25) and New York Giants (1915–21).
He helped the Giants win the 1917 National League pennant and the 1921 World Series. Benton threw a shutout against the Chicago White Sox in Game 3 of the 1917 World Series, but was the losing pitcher in Game 6 on the final day of the Series.
He pitched for the Giants in the 1921 season but did not make an appearance in that World Series, which the Giants won in eight games over the crosstown Yankees.
In 15 seasons he had a 150–144 Win–Loss record, 437 Games, 305 Games Started, 145 Complete Games, 24 Shutouts, 83 Games Finished, 21 Saves, 2,5171⁄3 Innings, 2,472 Hits Allowed, 1,115 Runs Allowed, 863 Earned Runs Allowed, 52 Home Runs Allowed, 712 Walks, 950 Strikeouts, 66 Wild Pitches, 10,539 Batters Faced, 6 Balks and a 3.09 ERA.
He died in an automobile accident in Dothan, Alabama.Sam Leever
Samuel Leever (December 23, 1871 – May 19, 1953), nicknamed "The Goshen Schoolmaster", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. He spent his entire career with the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Major League Baseball records
Baseball statistics (types of records)