List of James Bond allies

Following is a list of recurring and notable allies of James Bond who appear throughout the film series and novels.

MI6

M

M is a Rear Admiral of Royal Navy and the head of the Secret Intelligence Service. Fleming based the character on a number of people he knew who commanded sections of British intelligence. M has appeared in the novels by Fleming and seven continuation authors, as well as 24 films. M has been portrayed by Bernard Lee, Robert Brown, Judi Dench, Ralph Fiennes, John Huston and Edward Fox.

Miss Moneypenny

Miss Moneypenny is the secretary to M. The films depict her as having a reserved romantic interest in Bond, although Fleming's novels do not imply such a relationship while the John Gardner and Raymond Benson novels emphasise it more. In the film series, Moneypenny has been portrayed by Lois Maxwell, Barbara Bouchet, Pamela Salem, Caroline Bliss, Samantha Bond and Naomie Harris.

Q

Q (standing for Quartermaster), like M, is the head of Q Branch (or later Q Division), the fictional research and development division of the British Secret Service. His real name is Major Boothroyd, but Bond and M never use his name. He has appeared in 20 of 23 Eon Bond films; all except Live and Let Die, Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace. The character was also featured in the non-Eon Bond films Casino Royale (1967) and Never Say Never Again. He has been portrayed by Desmond Llewelyn for most of the films, but has also been portrayed by Peter Burton, Geoffrey Bayldon, Alec McCowen, John Cleese (who is initially credited as R), and Ben Whishaw.

Bill Tanner

Bill Tanner is MI6's Chief of Staff. Tanner is a Bond ally appearing regularly in the novels of Ian Fleming and John Gardner, as well as in Kingsley Amis' Colonel Sun, but he has never been a regular cinematic character. His biggest cinematic role was in For Your Eyes Only (1981), in which Tanner was given a bigger role while M was "on leave," due to Bernard Lee's death that prevented him from reprising his role as M in the film.

In 1965, Amis wrote the authorised spin-off The Book of Bond, or Every Man His Own 007, a tongue-in-cheek guide to being a spy. The book is not credited to Amis, but rather to Lt. Col. William "Bill" Tanner.

Mary Goodnight

Mary Goodnight is Bond's second personal secretary. She first appears in the novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service, then again in You Only Live Twice. By the time of her appearance in The Man with the Golden Gun, she has been assigned to the Kingston station of the service, although she has a much larger role. She appears later in the Jeffery Deaver novel Carte Blanche.

She appears in the film The Man with the Golden Gun as a Bond girl, played by Britt Ekland.

Loelia Ponsonby

Loelia Ponsonby is Bond's shared personal secretary in many of the Bond novels. She is also the secretary for 008 and 0011, both of whom share an office with Bond. She retires and is replaced in On Her Majesty's Secret Service by Mary Goodnight after she marries a member of the Baltic Exchange. For the films, her flirtatious relationship with Bond is transferred to and replaced by Miss Moneypenny. Ponsonby nearly made an appearance in GoldenEye, but she was removed from the final draft. The name of the character may be based on the Duchess of Westminster of the same name.[1]

Charles Robinson

Charles Robinson is the Deputy Chief of Staff at MI6 in the Pierce Brosnan Bond films. He first appears in Tomorrow Never Dies, then later in The World Is Not Enough, and Die Another Day. Played by Colin Salmon, Robinson appears to be M's right-hand man and is often seen at her side. When Bond reports in with MI6, he often does so to Robinson.

Smithers

One of Q's assistants, Smithers makes two film appearances: in For Your Eyes Only and Octopussy. He is played by Jeremy Bulloch.

00 agents

The 00 Section of MI6 is considered the elite of the Secret Service. Agents with the 00 prefix have proven themselves capable enough in the field to be entrusted with the licence to kill: the authorisation to, at their own discretion, commit acts of assassination and other controversial activities in order to complete their missions, without having to first seek permission from headquarters.

The following 00 agents have been referenced onscreen in the James Bond films. Additional 00 agents, ranging from 001 to 0012, have been referenced in literature and in comic strips.

  • 002 – Mentioned in The Man with the Golden Gun, named Bill Fairbanks and killed by Francisco Scaramanga. A different 002 (name not revealed) dies during the opening sequence of The Living Daylights.
  • 003 – Body found in a snowbank at the start of A View to a Kill.
  • 004 – Killed during the opening sequence of The Living Daylights.
  • 005 – Seen attending a meeting during Thunderball.
  • 006 – Named Alec Trevelyan, a one-time ally and friend of Bond who is presumed dead for nine years; he is the primary antagonist in GoldenEye.
  • 007 – James Bond (the only-known holder of the number).
  • 008 – Mentioned by M in Goldfinger as a potential replacement for Bond if his mission fails. Bond also mentions this to Goldfinger himself. 008 is also mentioned in The Living Daylights as an alternate choice to assassinate General Pushkin if Bond refuses to do so.
  • 009 – Seen early in Octopussy, killed by twins working for General Orlov. However, 009 still manages to complete his mission by returning the real Fabergé egg and Bond later avenges his death. 009 is also mentioned in the film The World Is Not Enough, as the agent who initially shoots Renard. 009 is mentioned again in Spectre as the intended recipient of the Aston Martin DB10 after it was reassigned from Bond. Bond steals the car for use in his own mission, leaving 009 without it.

Additional unidentified 00 agents are seen briefly in Thunderball and The World Is Not Enough. In the latter, one of the agents is revealed to be female.

Recurring allies

Felix Leiter

A revised version of the character of Felix Leiter appears in the 1954 television adaptation of Casino Royale. In that version, Leiter is a British agent named Clarence Leiter and is played by Michael Pate.

General Gogol

General Gogol is the head of the KGB in the films The Spy Who Loved Me, Moonraker, For Your Eyes Only, Octopussy, and A View to a Kill. In his final appearance, in The Living Daylights, the character has become a post-Glasnost envoy in the Foreign Service and is succeeded as head of the KGB by General Pushkin. In the end credits of the film, his first name is listed as "Anatol", although in The Spy Who Loved Me, M referred to him as Alexis. Gogol is played by Walter Gotell (who also played a SPECTRE henchman Morzeny in From Russia with Love). With the KGB, Gogol often allies himself with Bond to stave off the possibility of war with the West, an ideal that is not always shared with his comrades—such as when he argues against Soviet General Orlov's reckless proposal of military conquest in Octopussy. Only in For Your Eyes Only and A View to a Kill does Gogol act as an enemy but, even then, his actions are more those of a respectful competitor. He particularly opposes the methods of the villain Max Zorin in A View to a Kill. General Gogol has a secretary named Miss Rublevitch, played by Eva Rueber-Staier.

Sir Frederick Gray

Sir Frederick Gray is the Minister of Defence in the films The Spy Who Loved Me, Moonraker, For Your Eyes Only, Octopussy, A View to a Kill, and The Living Daylights. He is played by Geoffrey Keen.

In The Spy Who Loved Me, after being briefed on his forthcoming mission to Egypt, Bond holds a private discussion with Gray, to whom he refers as "Freddie". It is never revealed how they know each other well enough for Bond to be so informal. In the next few films, Bond calls Gray "Minister," since most of their scenes include other officials. It is also suggested that he belongs to no particular political party; direct references are made to Margaret Thatcher in For Your Eyes Only, even though he had also held the post in The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker – which were both made during the government led by James Callaghan.

Marc-Ange Draco

Draco is the head of the Unione Corse, a major European crime syndicate. He appears in the novels On Her Majesty's Secret Service, working as an ally of Bond; and Never Dream of Dying, where 007's former father-in-law turns out to be linked to the villain of the Union. He also appears in the film On Her Majesty's Secret Service, portrayed by Gabriele Ferzetti.

René Mathis

Mathis is a long-time friend of Bond and an agent of the French secret service DGSE. He is a main character in Casino Royale and a supporting character in From Russia, with Love, Never Dream of Dying and Devil May Care. It is Mathis who captures the SMERSH villain Rosa Klebb, and he is the one who uses CPR to keep Bond alive until a doctor arrives after Bond is poisoned by Klebb.

In Casino Royale, it is revealed that he originally met Bond on assignment in Monte Carlo prior to World War II, when Bond was trying to crack down on a group of Romanians cheating at a local casino with the use of invisible ink. Mathis is reassigned to work with Bond at the time of the events in Casino Royale, where he poses as a radio salesman, assisting Bond and introducing him to Vesper Lynd.

In the novel Thunderball, Bill Tanner asks Moneypenny to send a copy of SPECTRE's ransom demand letter to Mathis at the Deuxième Bureau. In Never Dream of Dying, he is captured by the head of the Union Le Gérant and is blinded with lasers. Bond later saves him from imprisonment. A younger version of Mathis appears in the "Young Bond" short story "A Hard Man to Kill". This may have been the first time the two met.

The characters of Mathis and Vesper Lynd are combined to form Valerie Mathis in the original 1954 Climax! production of "Casino Royale". Mathis first appears onscreen in the 1967 version of Casino Royale, played by Duncan Macrae. Here, he is a police officer, prompting Evelyn Tremble (Peter Sellers) to state that it has been worrying him that despite his supposed nationality, Mathis has a Scots accent: "Aye, it worries me too", Mathis replies. In the 2006 adaptation of Casino Royale, Mathis is an MI6 agent, played by Giancarlo Giannini. Mathis is suspected of being a traitor and informant to Le Chiffre and arrested. Upon the discovery that Vesper was the real traitor, Bond advises that MI6 should continue interrogating Mathis because his innocence has not yet been established. Mathis appears again in Quantum of Solace, having retired to an Italian villa given to him by MI6. He joins Bond to bring down Dominic Greene, only to be killed by corrupt policemen working for Greene. Before dying, Mathis asks Bond to forgive Vesper and make peace with her death. Bond later avenges him by the end of the film.

May Maxwell

May Maxwell is Bond's loyal and elderly Scottish housekeeper, who is often mentioned in Ian Fleming's Bond novels. She also appears in several John Gardner novels, as well making a cameo appearance in the first Young James Bond novel, SilverFin. She has yet to make an appearance in any of the Bond films. May is named after the housekeeper of Ivar Bryce, a friend of Fleming.

Sir James Moloney

A noted neurologist whose expertise is frequently employed by M and the Secret Services, Moloney appears in the novels Dr No, Thunderball, You Only Live Twice, and The Man with the Golden Gun.

Sheriff J.W. Pepper

Sheriff John Wayne Pepper is a parish sheriff in Louisiana. He appears in the films Live and Let Die and The Man with the Golden Gun. Played by Clifton James, he is mostly used as comic relief, especially and memorably for his somewhat bigoted attitudes and his tendency to speak loudly about whatever is on his mind.

Quarrel

Quarrel is a Cayman Islander living in Jamaica. He first appears in the novel Live and Let Die as Bond's guide while 007 is investigating Mr. Big. Quarrel later appears in the novel Dr. No to help Bond infiltrate Dr. Julius No's island, Crab Key. The only Bond film in which Quarrel appears is the 1962 film Dr. No, played by John Kitzmiller where, as in the novel, he is killed by Dr. No's mythical "dragon".

For the film adaptation of Live and Let Die, Bond teams up with Quarrel's son, Quarrel Jr., played by Roy Stewart.

John Strangways and Mary Trueblood

John Strangways is a former Lieutenant Commander in the special branch of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. He makes his first appearance in the novel Live and Let Die as the chief Secret Service agent in the Caribbean. Strangways is roughly 35 years old and wears a black patch over one eye. He later appears in the novel Dr. No, where he and his Number 2, Mary Trueblood (a former Chief Officer in the Women's Royal Naval Service), are assassinated for prying into Dr. Julius No's business. Mary Trueblood is based on Fleming's secretary from The Sunday Times Una Trueblood.[2]

In the films, Strangways makes his first and only appearance in Dr. No where, as in the novel, he is killed for investigating Dr. No. Contrary to the novel, however, Strangways does not wear an eye patch in film. He is portrayed by Timothy Moxon and voiced by Robert Rietty (who would later voice villains Emilio Largo in Thunderball and Ernst Stavro Blofeld in For Your Eyes Only). Mary is portrayed by Dolores Keator and dubbed by Nikki van der Zyl;[3] neither actor who were Jamaican residents were flown to London for the final dubbing of the film.

Tiger Tanaka

Tiger Tanaka is an ally to Bond in the film You Only Live Twice. He is the head of the Japanese secret service and resides within a secret underground office complex beneath the streets of Tokyo – his identity being the most closely guarded secret in Japan. He supplies an army of ninjas to attack Ernst Stavro Blofeld. Tanaka helps Bond disguise himself to look Japanese so that Blofeld will not recognise him. Tanaka arranges for Bond to marry a girl native to the land in order to provide extra cover. Kissy Suzuki is Bond's new wife and, together, Bond, Suzuki and Tanaka succeed in attacking Blofeld's volcano base, even though Blofeld survived. Tanaka is portrayed by Tetsurō Tamba.[4] He also appears in the 007 novels You Only Live Twice and The Man with the Red Tattoo, as well as in the Dynamite Entertainment-published spin-off comic book, Felix Leiter.

In the novel, the character was based on one of Fleming's friends, Torao Saito - although he was not connected to the Secret Service but was in fact a well-known polymath in Japan, being a journalist, writer, photographer and architect.[5]

Ronnie Vallance

Vallance appears in four of the Bond novels: Moonraker, Diamonds Are Forever, Colonel Sun and On Her Majesty's Secret Service, as well as two of the short stories: "The Property of a Lady" and "Risico". He is the head of Special Branch, with the Metropolitan Police rank of Assistant Commissioner, and the boss of Gala Brand.

Jack Wade

Jack Wade is an American CIA agent who appears in the films GoldenEye and Tomorrow Never Dies. He is played by Joe Don Baker. Eight years before GoldenEye, Baker played villain Brad Whitaker in The Living Daylights.

Valentin Dmitrovich Zhukovsky

Valentin Dmitrovich Zukovsky (Russian: Вaлeнтин Дмитриeвич Жуковский) is an ex-KGB agent-turned-Russian mafia head who runs a bar, a casino, and a caviar factory. When he was younger (and a KGB agent), a conflict with Bond ended with Bond shooting Zukovsky in the leg, causing him to walk with a limp. However, after leaving the KGB, Zukovsky does not hold a grudge towards Bond, especially when dealing with Bond means turning a profit. Played by Robbie Coltrane, Zukovsky makes two appearances in the films, his first being in GoldenEye before being shot and mortally wounded by Elektra King in The World Is Not Enough. He lives long enough after being shot to execute a trick shot using a gun hidden within his cane, enabling Bond to escape King's trap.

Film-specific allies

This section lists allies who each appear in only one film.

Film Character Actor / Actress Affiliation Status
Dr. No Honey Rider Ursula Andress Active
Quarrel John Kitzmiller CIA Deceased
Pleydell-Smith Louis Blaazer Active
Pus-Feller Lester Prendergast (uncredited) CIA Active
From Russia with Love Tatiana Romanova Daniela Bianchi SMERSH Active
Kerim Bey Pedro Armendáriz British Intelligence Deceased
Goldfinger Pussy Galore Honor Blackman Auric Industries Active
Jill Masterson Shirley Eaton Deceased
Tilly Masterson Tania Mallet Deceased
Colonel Smithers Richard Vernon Bank of England Active
Thunderball Dominique "Domino" Derval Claudine Auger Active
Patricia Fearing Molly Peters Shrublands Spa Active
Paula Caplan Martine Beswick British Intelligence Deceased
You Only Live Twice Tiger Tanaka Tetsurō Tamba Japanese Secret Service Active
Aki Akiko Wakabayashi Japanese Secret Service Deceased
Kissy Suzuki Mie Hama Japanese Secret Service Active
Dikko Henderson Charles Gray British Intelligence Deceased
Ling Tsai Chin British Intelligence Active
On Her Majesty's Secret Service Tracy Bond Diana Rigg Wife of James Bond Deceased
Marc-Ange Draco Gabriele Ferzetti Union Corse Active
Campbell Bernard Horsfall British Intelligence Deceased
Sir Hilary Bray George Baker Royal College of Arms Active
Diamonds Are Forever Tiffany Case Jill St. John Unnamed syndicate Active
Sir Donald Munger Laurence Naismith Active
Willard Whyte Jimmy Dean Active
Plenty O'Toole Lana Wood Active
Live and Let Die Solitaire Jane Seymour Dr. Kananga Active
Harold Strutter Lon Satton CIA Deceased
Quarrel Jr. Roy Stewart CIA Active
Rosie Gloria Hendry CIA/Dr. Kananga Deceased
The Man with the Golden Gun Colthorpe James Cossins British Intelligence Active
Mary Goodnight Britt Ekland British Intelligence Active
Lieutenant Hip Soon-Tek Oh MI6 Active
Andrea Anders Maud Adams Francisco Scaramanga Deceased
The Spy Who Loved Me Anya Amasova Barbara Bach Soviet Army/KGB Active
Admiral Hargreaves Robert Brown Royal Navy Active
Commander Carter Shane Rimmer U.S. Navy Active
Sheikh Hosein Edward De Souza British Intelligence Active
Moonraker Holly Goodhead Lois Chiles CIA Active
Corinne Dufour Corinne Cléry Drax Industries Deceased
Manuela Emily Bolton British Intelligence Active
Jaws (changes sides) Richard Kiel Hugo Drax Active
Dolly Blanche Ravalec Jaws Active
For Your Eyes Only Melina Havelock Carole Bouquet Active
Milos Columbo Chaim Topol Self-employed Active
Luigi Ferrara John Moreno British Intelligence Deceased
Octopussy Octopussy Maud Adams Self-employed/Kamal Khan Active
Magda Kristina Wayborn Octopussy/Kamal Khan Active
Penelope Smallbone Michaela Clavell British Intelligence Active
Jim Fanning Douglas Wilmer British Intelligence Active
Vijay Vijay Amritraj British Intelligence Deceased
Bianca Tina Hudson British Intelligence Active
A View to a Kill Stacey Sutton Tanya Roberts Active
Kimberley Jones Mary Stävin British Intelligence Active
Achille Aubergine Jean Rougerie Sûreté Deceased
Sir Godfrey Tibbett Patrick Macnee British Intelligence Deceased
Pola Ivanova Fiona Fullerton KGB Active
Chuck Lee David Yip CIA Deceased
May Day (changes sides) Grace Jones Max Zorin Deceased
The Living Daylights Kara Milovy Maryam d'Abo Active
Saunders Thomas Wheatley British Intelligence Deceased
General Leonid Pushkin John Rhys-Davies KGB Active
Kamran Shah Art Malik Mujahideen Active
Licence to Kill Pam Bouvier Carey Lowell CIA Active
Lupe Lamora Talisa Soto Franz Sanchez Active
Sharkey Frank McRae CIA Deceased
Kwang Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa Narcotics Bureau, Hong Kong Police Deceased
GoldenEye Natalya Fyodorovna Simonova Izabella Scorupco Russian government Active
Tomorrow Never Dies Wai Lin Michelle Yeoh Chinese Intelligence Active
Paris Carver Teri Hatcher Elliot Carver Deceased
Admiral Roebuck Geoffrey Palmer British Navy Active
The World Is Not Enough Sir Robert King David Calder Deceased
Dr. Christmas Jones Denise Richards Elektra King Active
Dr. Molly Warmflash Serena Scott Thomas British Intelligence Active
Die Another Day Jinx Halle Berry NSA Active
Raoul Emilio Echevarría Active
Damian Falco Michael Madsen NSA Active
Mr. Chang Ho Yi Chinese Intelligence Active
General Moon Kenneth Tsang Korean People's Army Deceased
Casino Royale Vesper Lynd Eva Green HM Treasury/British Intelligence Deceased
Carter Joseph Millson British Intelligence Active
Mendel Ludger Pistor Active
Villers Tobias Menzies British Intelligence Active
Solange Caterina Murino Alex Dimitrios Deceased
Quantum of Solace Camille Olga Kurylenko Dominic Greene Active
Strawberry Fields Gemma Arterton British Intelligence Deceased
Foreign Secretary Tim Pigott-Smith Active
Skyfall Severine Bérénice Marlohe Raoul Silva Deceased
Kincade Albert Finney Skyfall estate Active
Ronson Bill Buckhurst British Intelligence Deceased
Spectre Lucia Sciarra Monica Bellucci Marco Sciarra Active
Dr. Madeleine Swann Léa Seydoux Mr. White Active

Additional allies

Thunderball:

Casino Royale (1967 version):

Never Say Never Again:

See also

References

  1. ^ Singh, Anita (22 October 2008). "James Bond author Ian Fleming's letters to the real Miss Moneypenny". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  2. ^ "I finished off Bond in a flash – The Sunday Times". thesundaytimes.co.uk.
  3. ^ Zyl, Nikki van der. "The World of Nikki van der Zyl". nikkivanderzyl.co.uk.
  4. ^ "James Bond multimedia". Jamesbondmm.co.uk. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  5. ^ https://www.amazon.co.uk/Definitive-Story-Only-Live-Twice/dp/191148995X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1549111440&sr=8-1&keywords=the+definitive+story+of+you+only+live+twice

External links

Casino Royale (2006 film)

Casino Royale is a 2006 spy film, the twenty-first in the Eon Productions James Bond film series, and the third screen adaptation of Ian Fleming's 1953 novel of the same name. Directed by Martin Campbell and written by Neal Purvis & Robert Wade and Paul Haggis, it is the first film to star Daniel Craig as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond, and was produced by Eon Productions for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Columbia Pictures, making it the first Eon-produced Bond film to be co-produced by the latter studio. Following Die Another Day, Eon Productions decided to reboot the series, allowing them to show a less experienced and more vulnerable Bond.Casino Royale takes place at the beginning of Bond's career as Agent 007, as he is earning his licence to kill. The plot sees Bond on an assignment to bankrupt terrorist financier Le Chiffre in a high-stakes poker game; Bond falls in love with Vesper Lynd, a treasury employee assigned to provide the money he needs for the game. The film begins a story arc that continues in the 2008 film, Quantum of Solace.

Casting involved a widespread search for a new actor to succeed Pierce Brosnan as James Bond; the choice of Craig, announced in October 2005, drew controversy. Location filming took place in the Czech Republic, The Bahamas, Italy and the United Kingdom with interior sets built at Barrandov Studios and Pinewood Studios.

Casino Royale premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square on 14 November 2006. It received an overwhelmingly positive critical response, with reviewers highlighting Craig's reinvention of the character and the film's departure from the tropes of previous Bond films. It earned almost $600 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing James Bond film until the release of Skyfall in 2012.

Die Another Day

Die Another Day is a 2002 spy film, the twentieth film in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, as well as the fourth and final film to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The film follows Bond as he leads a mission to North Korea, during which he is betrayed and, after seemingly killing a rogue North Korean colonel, is captured and imprisoned. Fourteen months later, Bond is released as part of a prisoner exchange. Surmising that the mole is within the British government, he attempts to earn redemption by tracking down his betrayer and all those involved.

The film, produced by Michael G. Wilson and Barbara Broccoli, and directed by Lee Tamahori, marked the James Bond franchise's 40th anniversary. The series began in 1962 with Sean Connery starring as Bond in Dr. No. Die Another Day includes references to each of the preceding films.The film received mixed reviews. Some critics praised the work of Tamahori, while others criticised the film's heavy use of computer-generated imagery, which they found unconvincing and a distraction from the film's plot. Nevertheless, Die Another Day was the highest-grossing James Bond film up to that time if inflation is not taken into account.

George Baker (actor)

For the Bengali actor-cum-politician, see George Baker.

George Morris Baker, MBE (1 April 1931 – 7 October 2011) was an English actor and writer. He was best known for portraying Tiberius in I, Claudius, and Inspector Wexford in The Ruth Rendell Mysteries.

GoldenEye

GoldenEye is a 1995 spy film, the seventeenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the first to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 officer James Bond. It was directed by Martin Campbell and is the first in the series not to utilise any story elements from the works of novelist Ian Fleming. The story was conceived and written by Michael France, with later collaboration by other writers. In the film, Bond fights to prevent an ex-MI6 agent, gone rogue, from using a satellite against London to cause a global financial meltdown.

The film was released after a six-year hiatus in the series caused by legal disputes, during which Timothy Dalton resigned from the role of James Bond and was replaced by Pierce Brosnan. M was also recast, with actress Judi Dench becoming the first woman to portray the character, replacing Robert Brown. The role of Miss Moneypenny was also recast, with Caroline Bliss being replaced by Samantha Bond; Desmond Llewelyn was the only actor to reprise his role, as Q. It was the first Bond film made after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, which provided a background for the plot.

The film accumulated a worldwide gross of US$350.7 million, considerably better than Dalton's films, without taking inflation into account. It received positive reviews, with critics viewing Brosnan as a definite improvement over his predecessor. It also received award nominations for "Best Achievement in Special Effects" and "Best Sound" from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.The name "GoldenEye" pays homage to James Bond's creator, Ian Fleming. While working for British Naval Intelligence as a lieutenant commander, Fleming liaised with the Naval Intelligence Division to monitor developments in Spain after the Spanish Civil War in an operation codenamed Operation Goldeneye. Fleming used the name of this operation for his estate in Oracabessa, Jamaica.

Licence to Kill

Licence to Kill is a 1989 British spy film, the sixteenth in the James Bond film series produced by Eon Productions, and the last to star Timothy Dalton in the role of the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is the first one not to use the title of an Ian Fleming story. It is also the fifth and final consecutive Bond film to be directed by John Glen. The story has elements of two Ian Fleming short stories and a novel, interwoven with aspects from Japanese Rōnin tales. The film sees Bond being suspended from MI6 as he pursues drugs lord Franz Sanchez, who has ordered an attack against his CIA friend Felix Leiter and the murder of Felix's wife during their honeymoon. Originally titled Licence Revoked in line with the plot, the name was changed during post-production due to American test audiences associating the term with driving.

Budgetary reasons caused Licence to Kill to be the first Bond film shot completely outside the United Kingdom, with locations in both Mexico and the US. The film earned over $156 million worldwide, and enjoyed a generally positive critical reception, with ample praise for the stunts, but attracted some criticism for its significantly darker and more violent tone than its predecessors, which carried into Dalton's portrayal of the character.

List of fictional secret agents

This is a list of fictional secret agents and spies.

Lists of characters in a fictional work

A list of lists of characters in fictional works, broken down by medium and sorted alphabetically by the name of the fictional work.

Miss Moneypenny

Miss Moneypenny, later assigned the first names of Eve or Jane, is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. She is secretary to M, who is Bond's superior officer and head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). Although she has a small part in most of the films, it is always highlighted by the underscored romantic tension between her and Bond (something that is virtually non-existent in Ian Fleming's novels, though is somewhat more apparent in the Bond novels by John Gardner and Raymond Benson). On that note, she is not always considered to be a Bond girl, having never had anything more than a professional relationship with Bond.

Although not given a first name by Fleming, the character was given the name Jane in the spin-off book series, The Moneypenny Diaries; in the films, she received the first name of Eve in Skyfall (2012), where the character spent time as a field agent before becoming secretary to M. According to the film You Only Live Twice (1967), she holds the rank of second officer in the Women's Royal Naval Service.

Moonraker (film)

Moonraker is a 1979 British spy film, the eleventh in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the fourth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The third and final film in the series to be directed by Lewis Gilbert, it co-stars Lois Chiles, Michael Lonsdale, Corinne Cléry, and Richard Kiel. Bond investigates the theft of a space shuttle, leading him to Hugo Drax, the owner of the shuttle's manufacturing firm. Along with space scientist Dr. Holly Goodhead, Bond follows the trail from California to Venice, Rio de Janeiro, and the Amazon rainforest, and finally into outer space to prevent a plot to wipe out the world population and to recreate humanity with a master race.Moonraker was intended by its creator Ian Fleming to become a film even before he completed the novel in 1954, since he based it on a screenplay manuscript he had written even earlier. The film's producers had originally intended to film For Your Eyes Only, but instead chose this title due to the rise of the science fiction genre in the wake of the Star Wars phenomenon. Budgetary issues caused the film to be primarily shot in France, with locations also in Italy, Brazil, Guatemala and the United States. The soundstages of Pinewood Studios in England, traditionally used for the series, were only used by the special effects team.

Moonraker was noted for its high production cost of $34 million, more than twice as much money as predecessor The Spy Who Loved Me, and it received mixed reviews. However, the film's visuals were praised with Derek Meddings being nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, and it eventually became the highest-grossing film of the series with $210,300,000 worldwide, a record that stood until 1995's GoldenEye.

Octopussy

Octopussy is a 1983 British spy film, the thirteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the sixth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.

The film's title is taken from a short story in Ian Fleming's 1966 short story collection Octopussy and The Living Daylights, although the film's plot is original. It does, however, include a scene inspired by the Fleming short story "The Property of a Lady" (included in 1967 and later editions of Octopussy and The Living Daylights), while the events of the short story "Octopussy" form a part of the title character's background and are recounted by her.

Bond is assigned the task of following a general who is stealing jewels and relics from the Soviet government. This leads him to a wealthy Afghan prince, Kamal Khan, and his associate, Octopussy, and the discovery of a plot to force disarmament in Western Europe with the use of a nuclear weapon.

Octopussy was produced by Albert R. Broccoli and Michael G. Wilson, and was released in the same year as the non-Eon Bond film Never Say Never Again. The film was written by George MacDonald Fraser, Richard Maibaum, and Michael G. Wilson, and was directed by John Glen. The film earned $187.5 million against its $27.5 million budget and received mixed reviews, with praise being directed towards the action sequences and locations, and the plot and humour being targeted for criticism; Maud Adams' portrayal of the title character also drew polarised responses.

Outline of James Bond

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to James Bond:

James Bond—fictional character created in 1953 by journalist and writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short story collections. The character has also been used in the long-running and fourth most financially successful English language film series to date (after Harry Potter, Star Wars, and the Marvel Cinematic Universe). The series started in 1962 with Dr. No—with Sean Connery as Bond—and has continued most recently with Spectre (2015), starring Daniel Craig as Bond.

Q (James Bond)

Q is a fictional character in the James Bond films and film novelisations. Q (standing for Quartermaster), like M, is a job title rather than a name. He is the head of Q Branch (or later Q Division), the fictional research and development division of the British Secret Service.

Q has appeared in 21 of the 24 Eon Productions's James Bond films, the exceptions being Live and Let Die, the 2006 Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace. The character was also featured in both non-Eon Bond films, Casino Royale (1967) and Never Say Never Again (1983).

Quantum of Solace

Quantum of Solace is a 2008 spy film, the twenty-second in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, directed by Marc Forster and written by Paul Haggis, Neal Purvis and Robert Wade. It is the second film to star Daniel Craig as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The film also stars Olga Kurylenko, Mathieu Amalric, Gemma Arterton, Jeffrey Wright, and Judi Dench. In the film, Bond seeks revenge for the death of his lover, Vesper Lynd, and is assisted by Camille Montes, who is plotting revenge for the murder of her own family. The trail eventually leads them to wealthy businessman Dominic Greene, a member of the Quantum organisation, who intends to stage a coup d'état in Bolivia to seize control of their water supply.

Producer Michael G. Wilson developed the film's plot while the previous film in the series, Casino Royale, was being shot. Purvis, Wade, and Haggis contributed to the script. Craig and Forster had to write some sections themselves due to the Writers' Strike, though they were not given the screenwriter credit in the final cut. The title was chosen from a 1959 short story in Ian Fleming's For Your Eyes Only, though the film does not contain any elements of that story. Location filming took place in Mexico, Panama, Chile, Italy, Austria and Wales, while interior sets were built and filmed at Pinewood Studios. Forster aimed to make a modern film that also featured classic cinema motifs: a vintage Douglas DC-3 was used for a flight sequence, and Dennis Gassner's set designs are reminiscent of Ken Adam's work on several early Bond films. Taking a course away from the usual Bond villains, Forster rejected any grotesque appearance for the character Dominic Greene to emphasise the hidden and secret nature of the film's contemporary villains.

The film was also marked by its frequent depictions of violence, with a 2012 study by the University of Otago in New Zealand finding it to be the most violent film in the franchise. Whereas Dr. No featured 109 "trivial or severely violent" acts, Quantum of Solace had a count of 250—the most depictions of violence in any Bond film—even more prominent since it was also the shortest film in the franchise. Quantum of Solace premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square on 29 October 2008, gathering mixed reviews, which mainly praised Craig's gritty performance and the film's action sequences, but felt that the film was less impressive than its predecessor Casino Royale. As of September 2016, it is the fourth-highest-grossing James Bond film, without adjusting for inflation, earning $586 million worldwide, and becoming the seventh highest-grossing film of 2008.

The Man with the Golden Gun (novel)

The Man with the Golden Gun is the twelfth novel (and thirteenth book) of Ian Fleming's James Bond series. It was first published by Jonathan Cape in the UK on 1 April 1965, eight months after the author's death. The novel was not as detailed or polished as the others in the series, leading to poor but polite reviews. Despite that, the book was a best-seller.

The story centres on the fictional British Secret Service operative James Bond, who had been posted missing, presumed dead, after his last mission in Japan. Bond returns to England via the Soviet Union, where he had been brainwashed to attempt to assassinate his superior, M. After being "cured" by the MI6 doctors, Bond is sent to the Caribbean to find and kill Francisco Scaramanga, the titular "Man with the Golden Gun".

The first draft and part of the editing process was completed before Fleming's death and the manuscript had passed through the hands of his copy editor, William Plomer, but it was not as polished as other Bond stories. Much of the detail contained in the previous novels was missing, as this was often added by Fleming in the second draft. Publishers Jonathan Cape passed the manuscript to Kingsley Amis for his thoughts and advice on the story, although his suggestions were not used.

The novel was serialised in 1965, firstly in the Daily Express and then in Playboy; in 1966 a daily comic strip adaptation was also published in the Daily Express. In 1974 the book was loosely adapted as the ninth film in the Eon Productions James Bond series, with Roger Moore playing Bond and Fleming's cousin, Christopher Lee, as Scaramanga.

The Spy Who Loved Me (film)

The Spy Who Loved Me is a 1977 British spy film, the tenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the third to star Roger Moore as the fictional secret agent James Bond. Barbara Bach and Curt Jürgens co-star. It was directed by Lewis Gilbert and the screenplay was written by Christopher Wood and Richard Maibaum.

The film takes its title from Ian Fleming's novel The Spy Who Loved Me, the tenth book in the James Bond series, though it does not contain any elements of the novel's plot. The storyline involves a reclusive megalomaniac named Karl Stromberg, who plans to destroy the world and create a new civilisation under the sea. Bond teams up with a Russian agent, Anya Amasova, to stop Stromberg.

It was shot on location in Egypt (Cairo and Luxor) and Italy (Costa Smeralda, Sardinia), with underwater scenes filmed at the Bahamas (Nassau), and a new soundstage built at Pinewood Studios for a massive set which depicted the interior of a supertanker. The Spy Who Loved Me was well-received by critics. The soundtrack composed by Marvin Hamlisch also met with success. The film was nominated for three Academy Awards amid many other nominations and novelised in 1977 by Christopher Wood as James Bond, The Spy Who Loved Me.

The World Is Not Enough

The World Is Not Enough is a 1999 spy film, the nineteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the third to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The film was directed by Michael Apted, with the original story and screenplay written by Neal Purvis, Robert Wade, and Bruce Feirstein. It was produced by Michael G. Wilson and Barbara Broccoli. The title is taken from a line in the 1963 novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service.

The film's plot revolves around the assassination of billionaire Sir Robert King by the terrorist Renard, and Bond's subsequent assignment to protect King's daughter Elektra, who had previously been held for ransom by Renard. During his assignment, Bond unravels a scheme to increase petroleum prices by triggering a nuclear meltdown in the waters of Istanbul.

Filming locations included Spain, France, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and the UK, with interiors shot at Pinewood Studios. Despite receiving mixed reviews, with the plot and Denise Richards' casting being frequently targeted for criticism, The World Is Not Enough earned $361,832,400 worldwide. It was also the first Eon-produced Bond film to be officially released under the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer label instead of United Artists, the original owner and distributor of the film franchise.

Tomorrow Never Dies

Tomorrow Never Dies is a 1997 spy film, the eighteenth entry in the James Bond series to be produced by Eon Productions, and the second to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. Directed by Roger Spottiswoode, with the screenplay written by Bruce Feirstein, the film follows Bond as he attempts to stop Elliot Carver, a power-mad media mogul, from engineering world events to initiate World War III.

The film was produced by Michael G. Wilson and Barbara Broccoli, and was the first James Bond film made after the death of producer Albert R. Broccoli, to whom the movie pays tribute in the end credits. Filming locations included France, Thailand, Germany, Mexico and the United Kingdom. Tomorrow Never Dies performed well at the box office and earned a Golden Globe nomination despite mixed reviews. While its performance at the domestic box office surpassed that of its predecessor, GoldenEye, it was the only Pierce Brosnan Bond film not to open at number one at the box office, as it opened the same day as Titanic, but instead at number two.

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