List of Holocaust survivors

The people on this list are or were survivors of Nazi Germany's attempt to exterminate the Jews in Europe before and during World War II. A state-enforced persecution of Jews in Nazi-controlled Europe lasted from the introduction of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935 to Hitler's defeat in 1945. Although there were many victims of the Holocaust, the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC) defines a Holocaust survivor as, "Any Jew who lived for any period of time in a country that was ruled by the Nazis or their allies."[1] The United States Holocaust Museum (USHMM) gives a broader definition: "The Museum honors as a survivor any person who was displaced, persecuted, and/or discriminated against by the racial, religious, ethnic, social, and/or political policies of the Nazis and their allies between 1933 and 1945. In addition to former inmates of concentration camps and ghettos, this includes refugees and people in hiding."[2] Most notably, as well as Jews, this includes Poles, Romani people, Jehovah's Witnesses and those who were persecuted for political reasons such as Communists, those who were persecuted for religious reasons (such as Pastor Niemoller), and homosexuals and those of other sexual orientations. It includes those who were actually in hiding in Nazi-occupied countries. The latter includes Hidden Children, who were hidden to escape the Nazis.

Most especially, in contrast to the ICHEIC definition, it includes refugees, who fled from their homeland to escape the Nazis, and never lived in a Nazi-controlled country.

The ICHEIC definition was created for the purpose of resolving some insurance claims. Over time, the classes of insurance claims have greatly expanded.

This list does not include refugees, since it is created on the basis of the restricted ICHEIC definition. There were many, many eminent refugees (too many to mention). Refugees include the unaccompanied children of the Kindertransport, which includes Physics Nobel Laureate Arno Allan Penzias. Refugees also include the unaccompanied One Thousand Children, which includes Physics Nobel Laureate Jack Steinberger. (Somewhat inconsistently the refugee Kindertransport Nobel Laureate Walter Kohn, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry, is listed below.)

Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F073499-0022, Bonn, Präsidialamt, Empfang jüdischer Verfolgter
A group of Holocaust survivors being met by Ernst Albrecht in Bonn, Germany.

Actors, actresses, and directors

Robert Clary 1953
Robert Clary in 1953
Branko Lustig (2009)-1
Branko Lustig in 2009

Living

Name Sex Birth Country
Clary, Robert M March 1, 1926 (age 93) France Canada
Lustig, Branko M June 10, 1932 (age 87) Croatia
Polanski, Roman M August 18, 1933 (age 85) Poland
Posner, Ruth F April 20, 1933 (age 86) Poland
Chaplya, Yeva F April 17, 1934 (age 85) Russia

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Pravda, Hana Maria F January 29, 1916 May 22, 2008 (aged 92) Czechoslovakia
Lowens, Curt M November 17, 1925 May 8, 2017 (aged 91) Poland

Artists, painters, and photographers

Zoran Mušič
Zoran Mušič in the 1960s

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country of Origin
Babbitt, Dina F January 21, 1923 July 29, 2009 (aged 86) Czechoslovakia
Bullaty, Sonja F October 17, 1923 October 5, 2000 (aged 76) Czechoslovakia
Rosemarie Koczy F March 5, 1939 December 12, 2007 (aged 68) Germany
Henryk, Laks M October 28, 1926 July 21, 2015 (aged 88) Poland-Brazil
Lieblich, Irene F April 20, 1923 December 28, 2008 (aged 85) Poland
Mušič, Zoran M February 12, 1909 May 25, 2005 (aged 96) Slovenia, Yugoslavia
Nassy, Josef M January 19, 1904 1976 (aged 71–72) Belgium, Netherlands, Suriname
Olère, David M January 19, 1902 August 21, 1985 (aged 83) Poland
Szapocznikow, Alina F May 16, 1926 March 2, 1973 (aged 46) Poland
Tarkay, Itzchak M 1935 June 3, 2012 (aged 76–77) Serbia, Yugoslavia

Humanities

Living

Name Sex Birth(age) Country
Buergenthal, Thomas M May 11, 1934 (age 85) Czechoslovakia
Klüger, Ruth F October 30, 1931 (age 87) Austria
Leon, Prochnik M 1933 (age 85–86) Poland

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Aran, Lydia F October 1921 5 March 2013 (aged 91) Lithuania
Bettelheim, Bruno M August 28, 1903 March 13, 1990 (aged 86) Austria
Fackenheim, Emil M June 26, 1916 September 18, 2003 (aged 87) Germany
Feuerwerker, Antoinette F November 24, 1912 February 10, 2003 (aged 90) Belgium
Sendler, Irena F February 15, 1910 May 12, 2008 (aged 98) Poland
Szondi, Péter M May 27, 1929 October 18, 1971 (aged 42) Hungary
Wahl, Jean M May 25, 1888 June 19, 1974 (aged 86) France

Literature, memoirs and publishing

Living

Name Sex Birth (age) Country
Auerbacher, Inge F December 31, 1934 (age 84) Germany
Edith Balas F June 20, 1929 (age 89) Romania
Begley, Louis F October 6, 1933 (age 85) Ukraine, USSR
Dagan, Bat-Sheva F September 8, 1925 (age 93) Poland
Deutschkron, Inge F August 23, 1922 (age 96) Germany
Golde, Henry M 1929 (age 89–90) Poland
Hersh, Arek M 1928 (age 90–91) Poland
Herzberger, Magda F 1926 (age 92–93) Romania
Jeruchim, Simon[3] M December 25, 1929 (age 89) France
Klein, Gerda F May 8, 1924 (age 95) Poland
Klíma, Ivan M September 14, 1931 (age 87) Czechoslovakia
Levitin, Sonia F August 18, 1934 (age 84) Germany
Lobel, Anita F June 2, 1934 (age 85) Poland
Orenstein, Henry M 1923 (age 95–96) Poland
Ozsvath, Zsuzsanna F July 2, 1934 (age 84) Hungary
Pahor, Boris M August 26, 1913 (age 105)[4] Slovenia
Preston, Kati[5] F March 30, 1939 (age 80) Romania
Ronald, Robert[6] M March 14, 1926 (age 93) Germany
Schloss, Eva[7] F May 11, 1929 (age 90) Austria
Stenbock, Fanie[8][9] F 1919 (age 99–100) Poland
Zisblatt, Irene F December 28, 1929 (age 89) Hungary
Spiegel, Fred M October, 1932 (age 86) Germany
Walter Ziffer[10] M March 5, 1927 (age 92) Czech Republic

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Abraham, Ben M December 11, 1924 October 9, 2015 (aged 90) Poland
Adler, H. G. M July 2, 1910 August 21, 1988 (aged 78) Czechoslovakia
Albreht, Fran M November 17, 1889 November 2, 1963 (aged 73) Czechoslovakia
Appleman-Jurman, Alicia F May 9, 1930 April 8, 2017 (aged 86) Poland
Auerbakh, Rokhl F December 18, 1903 May 31, 1976 (aged 72) Poland
Albreht, Vera F February 11, 1895 May 25, 1971 (aged 76) Czechoslovakia
Barasch, Werner[11] M May 27, 1919 June 2, 2008 (aged 89)[12] Germany
Baumann-Parkhurst, Marion[13] F August 21, 1912 April 6, 2009 (aged 96) Germany
Blumenthal-Weiss, Ilse[14] F October 14, 1899 August 10, 1987 (aged 87) Germany
Brady, George M February 9, 1928 January 11, 2019 (aged 90) Czechoslovakia
Bretholz, Leo[15] M March 6, 1921 March 8, 2014 (aged 93) Austria
Beck, Gad M June 30, 1923 June 24, 2012 (aged 88) Germany
Chillag, John F April 20, 1927 March 21, 2009 (aged 81) Austria
Collis, Zoltan Zinn M 1940 December 10, 2012 (aged 71–72) Czechoslovakia
Boom, Cornelia "Corrie" ten F April 15, 1892 April 15, 1983 (aged 91) Netherlands
Borowski, Tadeusz M November 12, 1922 July 1, 1951 (aged 28) Ukraine, USSR
Celan, Paul M November 23, 1920 April 20, 1970 (aged 49) Romania
Clare, George M December 21, 1920 March 26, 2009 (aged 88) Britain
De-Nur, Yehiel M May 16, 1909 July 17, 2001 (aged 92) Poland
Delbo, Charlotte F August 10, 1913 March 1, 1985 (aged 71) France
Faber, David M August 25, 1928 July 28, 2015 (aged 86)[16] Poland
Feldhendler, Leon M 1910 April 6, 1945 (aged 34–35) Poland
Fénelon, Fania F September 2, 1908 December 19, 1983 (aged 75) France
Frank, Otto M May 12, 1889 August 19, 1980 (aged 91) Germany
Frankl, Victor M March 26, 1905 August 2, 1997 (aged 92) Austria
Friedberg, Bernard M December 19, 1876 January 27, 1961 (aged 84) Austria
Frister, Roman M January 17, 1928 February 9, 2015 (aged 87) Poland
Glazar, Richard M November 29, 1920 December 20, 1997 (aged 77) Czechoslovakia
Goldman, Yosef M 1942 August 4, 2015 (aged 72–73)[17] Hungary
Gray, Martin M April 27, 1922 April 25, 2016 (aged 93)[18] Poland
Heller, Fanya F October 14, 1924 October 31, 2017 (aged 93) Ukraine
Hollander, Eugene M December 14, 1912 December 15, 1996 (aged 84) Hungary
Hutyra, Stanisław[19] M 1922 February 6, 2000 (aged 77–78) Poland
Jaranyi, Elizabeth F February 19, 1918 February 26, 1998 (aged 80) Austria-Hungary
Kertész, Imre M November 9, 1929 March 31, 2016 (aged 86) Hungary
Kiek Cohen, Sonja[20] F November 21, 1922 January 11, 2016 (aged 93)[21] Netherlands
Klemperer, Victor M October 9, 1889 February 11, 1960 (aged 70) Germany
Komski, Jan M February 3, 1915 July 20, 2002 (aged 87) Poland
Korn, Abram[22] M 1923 1972 (aged 48–49) Poland
Kosinski, Jerzy M June 14, 1933 May 3, 1991 (aged 57) Poland
Kralj, Vladimir M August 16, 1901 March 29, 1969 (aged 67) Slovenia, Yugoslavia
Lengyel, Olga F October 19, 1908 April 15, 2001 (aged 92) Romania
Levi, Primo M July 31, 1919 April 11, 1987 (aged 67) Italy
Lewis (Lezerkiewicz), Victor[23] M August 25, 1919 October 5, 2009 (aged 90) Poland
Leyson, Leon M September 15, 1929 January 12, 2013 (aged 83) Poland
Lustig, Arnošt M December 21, 1926 February 26, 2011 (aged 84) Czechoslovakia
Mannheimer, Max M February 6, 1920 September 24, 2016 (aged 96) Czechoslovakia
Maxwell, Robert M June 10, 1923 November 5, 1991 (aged 68) Czechoslovakia
Müller, Filip M January 3, 1922 November 9, 2013 (aged 91) Czechoslovakia
Øverland, Ole M April 27, 1889 March 25, 1968 (aged 78) Norway
Pagis, Dan M October 16, 1930 July 29, 1986 (aged 55) Romania
Prežihov, Voranc M August 10, 1893 February 18, 1950 (aged 56) Slovenia, Yugoslavia
Reich-Ranicki, Marcel[24] M June 2, 1920 September 18, 2013 (aged 93) Germany
Semprún, Jorge M December 10, 1923 June 7, 2011 (aged 87) Spain
Sobolewicz, Tadeusz M March 25, 1925 October 28, 2015 (aged 90)[25] Poland
Spiegelman, Vladek M October 11, 1906 August 18, 1982 (aged 75) Poland
Staner, Mieczysław M 1924 August 29, 2003 (aged 78–79) Poland
Torkar, Igor M October 13, 1913 January 1, 2004 (aged 90) Czechoslovakia
Winter, Miriam F June 2, 1933 July 19, 2014 (aged 81) Poland
Werner, Barasch M May 27, 1927 June 2, 2018 (aged 91) Poland
Stephan Petelycky M August 24, 2014 (aged 91) Ukraine
Marion, Baumann-Parkhurst M August 21, 1912 April 6, 2009 (aged 96) Konigsberg, East Prussia
Radasky, Solomon M May 17, 1910 August 4, 2002 (aged 92) Warsaw, Poland

Mathematics and natural sciences

Living

Names Sex Birth (age) Country
Englert, François M November 6, 1932 (age 86) Belgium
Hoffmann, Roald M July 13, 1937 (age 81) Poland
Kahneman, Daniel M March 5, 1934 (age 85) France
Reisfeld, Renata F 1930 (age 88–89) Poland
Reichental, Tomi M 1935 (age 83–84)[26] Czechoslovakia[26]
Wilchek, Meir M October 17, 1935 (age 83) Poland

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Kohn, Walter M March 9, 1923 April 19, 2016 (aged 93)[27] Austria
Charpak, Georges M August 1, 1924 September 29, 2010 (aged 86) France
Goldschmidt, Victor M January 27, 1888 March 20, 1947 (aged 59) Switzerland
Librescu, Liviu M August 18, 1930 April 16, 2007 (aged 76) Romania
Mandel, Ernest M April 5, 1923 July 20, 1995 (aged 72) Germany
Morgentaler, Henry M March 19, 1923 May 29, 2013 (aged 90) Poland
Nussbaum, A. Edward M 1925 October 31, 2009 (aged 83–84) Germany
Philippson, Alfred M January 1, 1864 January 30, 1953 (aged 89) Germany
Shahak, Israel M April 28, 1933 July 2, 2001 (aged 68) Poland
Ślebodziński, Władysław M February 6, 1884 January 3, 1972 (aged 87) Poland
Tanay, Emanuel M 1928 August 5, 2014 (aged 85–86) Poland
Trachtenberg, Jakow M June 17, 1888 1953 (aged 64–65) Russia, USSR
Touschek, Bruno M February 3, 1921 May 25, 1978 (aged 57) Austria
Turán, Pál M August 18, 1910 September 26, 1976 (aged 66) Hungary
Grothendieck, Alexander M March 28, 1928 November 13, 2014 (aged 86) Germany
Eitinger, Leo M December 12, 1912 October 15, 1996 (aged 83) Norway
Frank, Otto M May 12, 1889 August 19, 1980 (aged 91) Germany
Warfman, Rose F October 4, 1916 September 17, 2016 (aged 99)[28] Switzerland
Adelsberger, Lucie F April 12, 1895 November 2, 1971 (aged 76) Germany
Levi-Montalcini, Rita F May 22, 1909 December 30, 2012 (aged 103) Italy

Military

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Egge, Bjørn M August 19, 1918 July 25, 2007 (aged 88) Norway
Friedman, Tuviah M January 23, 1922 January 13, 2011 (aged 88) Poland
Kowalski, Józef[29] M February 2, 1900 December 7, 2013 (aged 113) Poland
Pechersky, Alexander M February 22, 1909 January 19, 1990 (aged 80) Ukraine, USSR
Pilecki, Witold M May 13, 1901 May 25, 1948 (aged 47) Poland
Rubin, Tibor M June 18, 1929 December 5, 2015 (aged 86) Hungary
Rodrigues, Henry[30] M 1930 July 15, 2007 (aged 76–77) Netherlands
Shaltiel, David M January 16, 1903 1969 (aged 65–66) Germany
Wiesenthal, Simon M December 31, 1908 September 30, 2005 (aged 96) Austria
Willner, Eddie M August 15, 1926 March 30, 2008 (aged 81) Germany

Music

Living

Name Sex Birth (age) Country
Ben-Or, Nelly F 1933 (age 85–86) Poland
Lasker-Wallfisch, Anita F July 17, 1925 (age 93) Germany

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Ančerl, Karel M April 11, 1908 July 3, 1973 (aged 65) Czechoslovakia
Arnič, Blaž M January 31, 1901 February 1, 1970 (aged 69) Czechoslovakia
Fénelon, Fania F September 2, 1908 December 19, 1983 (aged 75) France
Filar, Marian M December 17, 1917 July 10, 2012 (aged 94) Poland
Graham, Bill M January 8, 1931 October 25, 1991 (aged 60) Germany
Herz-Sommer, Alice F November 26, 1903 February 23, 2014 (aged 110) Czechoslovakia
Karp, Natalia F February 27, 1911 July 9, 2007 (aged 96) Poland
Reiner, Karel M June 27, 1910 October 17, 1979 (aged 69) Czechoslovakia
Roman, Martin M April 23, 1910 May 12, 1996 (aged 86) Germany
Růžičková, Zuzana F January 14, 1927 September 27, 2017 (aged 90) Czechoslovakia
Schreyer, Alfred M May 8, 1922 April 25, 2015 (aged 92) Ukraine
Szpilman, Władysław M December 5, 1911 July 6, 2000 (aged 88) Poland
Vogel, Eric M 1896 1980 (aged 83–84) Czechoslovakia

Politics, resistance

Living

Names Sex Birth (age) Country
Liliana Segre F September 10, 1930 (age 88) Italy
Marion Kozak F 1934 (age 84–85) Poland, United Kingdom
Shevah Weiss M July 5, 1935 (age 83) Poland
Anne Skorecki Levy F 1935 (age 83–84) Poland

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Bartoszewski, Władysław M February 19, 1922 April 24, 2015 (aged 93) Poland
Blum, André M April 9, 1872 March 3, 1950 (aged 77) France
Bratteli, Trygve M January 11, 1910 November 20, 1984 (aged 74) Norway
Burack, Zahava F 1932 September 28, 2001 (aged 68–69) Poland
Cyrankiewicz, Józef M April 23, 1911 January 20, 1989 (aged 77) Poland
Draxler, Ludwig M 1896 1972 (aged 75–76) Austria
Epstein, Hedy F August 15, 1924 May 26, 2016 (aged 91) Germany, U.S.
Geremek, Bronisław M March 6, 1932 July 13, 2008 (aged 76) Poland
Gerhardsen, Einar M May 10, 1897 September 19, 1987 (aged 90) Norway
Goldman, Alter Mojze M November 17, 1909 January 1, 1988 (aged 78) Poland, France
Heilman, Anna F December 1, 1928 May 1, 2011 (aged 82) Poland
Kossak-Szczucka, Zofia F August 10, 1889 April 9, 1968 (aged 78) Poland
Lantos, Tom M February 1, 1928 February 11, 2008 (aged 80) Hungary
Nansen, Odd M December 6, 1901 June 27, 1973 (aged 71) Norway
Nielsen, Martin M December 12, 1900 1962 (aged 61–62) Denmark
Rogerie, André M December 25, 1921 May 1, 2014 (aged 92) France
Rubin, Anatoly M January 29, 1927 January 16, 2017 (aged 89) USSR, Israel
Schumacher, Kurt M October 13, 1895 August 20, 1952 (aged 56) Germany
Šik, Ota M September 11, 1919 August 22, 2004 (aged 84) Czechoslovakia
Srebnik, Simon M April 10, 1930 August 16, 2006 (aged 76) Poland
Vrba, Rudolf M November 9, 1924 March 27, 2006 (aged 81) Czechoslovakia
Wetzler, Alfréd M May 10, 1918 February 8, 1988 (aged 69) Czechoslovakia

Speakers and researchers of the Holocaust

Living

Name Sex Birth Country
Ban, Noémi F September 29, 1922 (age 96) Hungary
Berger, Gusta[31] F January 23, 1923 (age 96) Poland
Biterman, Tauba F December 6, 1918 (age 100) Poland
Eger Edith[32] F September 29, 1927 (age 91) Hungary
Fischl, Peter[33][34] M July 19, 1930 (age 88) Hungary
Foxman, Abraham M May 1, 1940 (age 79) Belarus, USSR
Gotz, Elly[35] M 1928 (age 90–91) Lithuania
Hart-Moxon, Kitty F December 1, 1926 (age 92) Poland
Klein, Gerda F May 8, 1924 (age 95) Poland
Kiek Cohen, Sonj[36] F November 21, 1922 (age 96) Netherlands
Klarsfeld, Serge M September 17, 1935 (age 83) Romania
Kramer, Clara[37] F 1927 (age 91–92) Poland
Lindenbaum, Manfred[38] M 1932 (age 86–87) Germany
Mandelbaum, Jack[39] M 1927 (age 91–92) Poland
Olsson, Eva[40] F October 28, 1924 (age 94) Hungary
Perel, Solomon M April 21, 1925 (age 94) Germany
Pollack, Susan[41] F September 9, 1930 (age 88) Hungary
Prochnik, Leon[42] M May 31, 1933 (age 86) Poland
Roth, Irving[43] M September 2, 1929 (age 89) Czechoslovakia
Taler, Bronisława (née Frankiel)[44] F May 14, 1924 (age 95) Poland
Taler, Joseph[44] M January 10, 1923 (age 96) Poland
Wiener, Eva F July 18, 1938 (age 80) Germany

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Argiewicz, Paul[45] M August 6, 1925 December 11, 2013 (aged 88) Bielsko, Poland
Berger, Soloman[46] M October 28, 1919 October 3, 2016 (aged 96)[47] Poland
Evers-Emden, Bloeme F July 26, 1926 July 18, 2016 (aged 89)[48] Netherlands
Fayerman, Severin[49] M March 18, 1922 January 12, 2015 (aged 92) Poland
Frankenthal, Hans M July 15, 1926 December 22, 1999 (aged 73) Germany
Goltz, Albert[50] M February 15, 1928 May 4, 2012 (aged 84) Poland (today Belarus)
Gelissen, Rena F August 24, 1920 April 8, 2006 (aged 85) Poland
Gorath, Karl M December 12, 1912 March 18, 2002 (aged 89) Germany
Greenman, Leon M September 18, 1910 March 7, 2008 (aged 97) UK, Netherlands
Herskovic, William M June 1914 March 3, 2006 (aged 91) Hungary
Kanitz, Miklos M 1939 2006 (aged 66–67) Hungary
Mandelbaum, Henryk M December 15, 1922 June 17, 2008 (aged 85) Poland
Matzner, Robert[51] M January 16, 1927 August 23, 2016 (aged 89) Poland
Pfefferberg, Leopold M March 20, 1913 March 9, 2001 (aged 87) Poland
Rosensaft, Josef M January 15, 1911 September 11, 1975 (aged 64) Poland
Rubin, Tibor M June 18, 1929 December 5, 2015 (aged 86)[52] Hungary
Seel, Pierre M August 16, 1923 November 25, 2005 (aged 82) France
Spiegel, Paul M December 31, 1937 April 30, 2006 (aged 68) Germany
Wiesel, Elie M September 30, 1928 July 2, 2016 (aged 87) Romania
Wolanski, Sabina F 1927 June 23, 2011 (aged 83–84) Borysław, Poland (today Ukraine)
Riteman, Philip M 1922 August 8, 2018 (aged 96) Poland

Sports

Living

Name Sex Birth (age) Country Sport
Helfgott, Ben M November 22, 1929 (age 89) Poland Weightlifting; 3x British champion (lightweight) weightlifter, 3x Maccabiah champion
Keleti, Agnes F September 1, 1921 (age 97) Hungary Gymnastics
Ladany, Shaul M April 2, 1936 (age 83) Yugoslavia Racewalking; 2-time Olympian; holds the world record in the 50-mile walk, and the Israeli national record in the 50-kilometer walk. He is former world champion in the 100-kilometer walk. 5 Maccabiah Games gold medals

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country Sport
Arouch, Salamo M January 1, 1923 April 26, 2009 (aged 86) Greece & Israel Boxing; the Middleweight Champion of Greece
Epstein, Kurt M January 21, 1904 February 1, 1975 (aged 71) Czechoslovakia Water polo; Olympic player (1928 and 1936)
Kleinová, Gertrude "Traute" F August 13, 1918 February 1975 (aged 56–57) Czechoslovakia Table tennis; 3-time world champion
de Levie, Elka F November 21, 1905 December 12, 1979 (aged 74) Netherlands Gymnastics; Olympic champion (1928)
Nakache, Alfred "Artem" M November 18, 1915 1983 (aged 67–68) France Swimming; world record, one-third of French 2x world record
Sláma, Miroslav M August 3, 1917 November 30, 2008 (aged 91) Czechoslovakia Ice hockey; Olympic medalist (1948)

Theology, spirituality, religion

Living

Name Sex Birth (age) Country
Lau, Yisrael M June 1, 1937 (age 82) Poland

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Avigdor, Yaakov M 1896 1967 (aged 70–71) Poland
Baeck, Leo M May 23, 1873 November 2, 1956 (aged 83) Germany, United Kingdom
Engleitner, Leopold M July 23, 1905 April 21, 2013 (aged 107) Austria
Feuerwerker, David M October 2, 1912 June 20, 1980 (aged 67) Switzerland
Gajowniczek, Franciszek M November 15, 1901 March 13, 1995 (aged 93) Poland
Friediger, Max M April 9, 1884 1947 (aged 62–63) Denmark
Gold, Ben-Zion[53] M 1923 April 18, 2016 (aged 92–93)[54] Poland
Goldman, Chananya M 1905 1982 (aged 76–77) Hungary
Halberstam, Yekusiel Yehudah M January 10, 1905 June 18, 1994 (aged 89) Poland
Kozłowiecki, Adam M April 1, 1911 September 28, 2007 (aged 96) Poland
Liebman, Gershon M 1905 March 8, 1997 (aged 91–92) France
Lustiger, Jean-Marie M September 17, 1926 August 5, 2007 (aged 80) France
Newmark, Helga F 1932 2012 (aged 79–80) Germany
Sobolewski, Sigmund M May 11, 1923 August 7, 2017 (aged 94) Poland
Teitelbaum, Joel M January 1, 1887 August 19, 1979 (aged 92) Romania
Weissmandl, Chaim M October 25, 1903 November 29, 1957 (aged 54) Hungary
Wiechert, Ernst M May 18, 1877 August 24, 1950 (aged 73) Poland
Taub, Menachem M 1923 April 28, 2019 (aged 95–96) Poland

Other

Living

Name Sex Birth (age) Country
Béjarano, Esther F December 25, 1924 (age 94) Germany
Brown, Moshe M September 1, 1938 (age 80) USA
Greenfield, Martin M August 9, 1928 (age 90) Czechoslovakia
Westheimer, Ruth F June 4, 1928 (age 91) Germany
Mosberg, Ed[55] M 1925 (age 93–94) Poland

Deceased

Name Sex Birth Death (age) Country
Rosensaft, Hadassah F August 26, 1912 October 3, 1997 (aged 85) Poland
Goldstein, Kurt Julius M November 3, 1914 September 24, 2007 (aged 92) Germany
Reichmann, Eva Gabriele F January 16, 1897 September 19, 1998 (aged 101) Germany, UK
Eisen, Hilda F April 25, 1917 December 22, 2017 (aged 100) Poland
Sperling, Hershl[56][57][58] M July 1927 September 24, 1989 (aged 61–62) Poland
Tramiel, Jack M December 13, 1928 April 8, 2012 (aged 83) Poland
Leiber, Judith F January 11, 1921 April 28, 2018 (aged 97) Hungary
Pincus, Ladislav M March 31, 1926 April 21, 2018 (aged 92) Czechoslovakia
Wdowiński, Dawid[59] M May 26, 1896 1970 (aged 73–74) Poland
Robert, Rudolf M February 11, 1922 1997 (aged 74–75) Germany
Lapid, Tommy M December 27, 1931 June 1, 2008 (aged 76) Yugoslavia, Israel
Kristal, Yisrael M September 15, 1903 August 11, 2017 (aged 113) Poland, Israel

See also

Documentaries about Holocaust survivors

References

  1. ^ Barkat, Amiram (18 April 2004). "Who Counts as a Holocaust Survivor?". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Office of Survivor Affairs — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum". www.ushmm.org.
  3. ^ "Simon Jeruchim" (PDF). United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  4. ^ "Boris Pahor turns 99". slovenia.si. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  5. ^ Bethlehem Schools (7 April 2016). "Kati Preston - Closing the Circle: From Holocaust to Healing" – via YouTube.
  6. ^ "Survivor recalls escape on the last train to freedom". www.jweekly.com. 16 October 1998. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  7. ^ Beattie, Kamy (2008-05-05). "Holocaust survivor Eva Schloss to present Geifman Lecture in Holocaust Studies". Augustana College. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  8. ^ Matyas, Joe (2009-06-06). "Rapt pupils learn of the horrors of war". The London Free Press. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  9. ^ Rising from the Holocaust: The Life of Fanny Goose. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Walter Ziffer, Th.D. | North Carolina Humanities Council". www.nchumanities.org.
  11. ^ "Werner Barasch Profile". June 14, 2009.
  12. ^ "Werner Barasch Obituary". legacy.com. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Marion Baumann-Parkhurst Obituary". legacy.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  14. ^ Felstiner, John (28 March 2004). "On the other side of darkness". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  15. ^ Katherine Shaver (9 March 2014). "Opposition to Maryland rail line bidder raises questions about accountability for Holocaust". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  16. ^ "David Faber Obituary". www.obitsforlife.com. 22 December 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Yosef Goldman, book dealer and author, died at 73". Obituary.
  18. ^ "Warsaw Ghetto author Martin Gray dies aged 93 in Belgium". 25 April 2016 – via www.bbc.com.
  19. ^ Gleeson, Richard (2000-02-21). "A man called Stan". Northern News Services. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  20. ^ Pelzman, Liliane (2008). And No More Sorrow: The World War II Memoirs of Sonja Kiek Rosenstein Cohen. Cold Tree Press. ISBN 978-1-58385-256-9.
  21. ^ "Sara Wilhelmina (Sonja) Cohen". geni_family_tree.
  22. ^ "Abe's Story - A Holocaust Memoir - Abram Korn from Lipno, Poland -". remember.org. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  23. ^ "What it took for one Jewish man to survive the Holocaust". Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  24. ^ Catherine Hickley (18 September 2013). "Marcel Reich-Ranicki, German 'Pope of Letters' Dies at 93". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  25. ^ "Zmarł Tadeusz Sobolewicz, były więzień niemieckich obozów". 29 October 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Tomi Reichental, Testimonies". www.hetireland.org. Holocaust Education Trust Ireland. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  27. ^ University, Carnegie Mellon. "Obituary: Nobel Laureate Walter Kohn -Mellon College of Science - Carnegie Mellon University". www.cmu.edu.
  28. ^ "BDE - Yeshiva World News".
  29. ^ "Pan Józef ma 107 lat i czuje się znakomicie" (in Polish). Wirtualna Polska. Retrieved 2007-03-16.
  30. ^ "Henry Rodrigues". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  31. ^ Berger, Solomon; Berger, Gusta (April 2013). Love, Survival and the American Dream (First ed.). Marina del Rey, California: jMo5000. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-9892469-0-3.
  32. ^ "THE CHOICE". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Holocaust Soliloquy". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  34. ^ "Peter Fischl". peterfischl.com. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Holocaust Memorial Day". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  36. ^ "Never Surrender! A true story (amazon)". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  37. ^ "Clara Kramer". Susanna Lea Associates. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  38. ^ Kathryn J., Prince (21 September 2016). "Kindertransport survivor fights at UN to bring Syrian refugees to the US". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  39. ^ "Kindertransport survivor fights at UN to bring Syrian refugees to the US".
  40. ^ "Eva Olsson". evaolsson.ca. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  41. ^ "Susan Pollack - Biographies - Portraits for Posterity". portraitsforposterity.com. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  42. ^ Prochnik, Leon. Endings; Death Glorious & Otherwise As Faced By Ten Outstanding Figures Of Our Time. Crown Publishing.
  43. ^ "THE STORY OF IRVING ROTH". Haiti Holocaust Survivors. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  44. ^ a b "Joseph Taler's Website". josephtaler.com. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  45. ^ "Obituaries - Paul Argiewicz". bruchfuneralhome. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  46. ^ Tami Abdollah, "Living, under many names", The Los Angeles Times, 16 February 2009
  47. ^ "Sol Berger Obituary - Los Angeles, CA | Los Angeles Times".
  48. ^ "Sol Berger Obituary - Los Angeles, CA | Los Angeles Times".
  49. ^ "A Survivor's Story: Memoirs of Severin Fayerman". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  50. ^ Mamula, Kris. "On anniversary of liberation, survivor recounts story". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  51. ^ "Robert Matzner's Obituary on Sheboygan Press". Sheboygan Press. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  52. ^ "CMOHS.org - Corporal RUBIN, TIBOR, U.S. Army". www.cmohs.org.
  53. ^ "The Life of Jews in Poland before the Holocaust". University of Nebraska. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  54. ^ "Rabbi Ben-Zion Gold's Obituary on Boston Globe". Boston Globe.
  55. ^ Hasted, Nick (14 June 2017). "Destination Unknown: Holocaust survivor Ed Mosberg on living his life". The Independent. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  56. ^ "Hershl Sperling: Personal Testimony of the Treblinka Death Camp". Holocaust Research Project. Archived from the original on 2012-12-20.
  57. ^ Rennell, Tony (August 13, 2010). "Last victim of Treblinka: He survived SEVEN Nazi concentration camps... but the nightmare caught up with him 44 years after starting a new life". Daily Mail.
  58. ^ Smith, Mark S. (2010). Treblinka Survivor: The Life and Death of Hershl Sperling. History Press.
  59. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in English) David Wdowiński (1963). And we are not saved. New York: Philosophical Library. p. 222. ISBN 0802224865.
  60. ^ "Courage: Guts, grit, spine, heart, and verve". Radio National. June 3, 2008.

External links

Edith Balas

Edith Balas is a Professor of Art History, College of Humanities & Social Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Born June 20, 1929 in Cluj, Romania, she is a Holocaust survivor, art professor, and historian. She is the widow of the late mathematician Egon Balas, who was a professor at Carnegie Mellon.Balas' main areas of interest are modern art (1890-1960), painting and sculpture, and the art of the Italian Renaissance. In 2003, she curated an exhibition at the Frick Art Museum, and several in Pittsburgh, Paris, New York and Budapest. She has been teaching at Carnegie Mellon University since 1977, and is also an Adjunct Professor of History of Art and Architecture at the University of Pittsburgh.

Edith Balas is also a Holocaust survivor, having been sent to the Nazi death camp Auschwitz. In Bird in Flight: Memoir of a Survivor and Scholar, Balas tells her story of facing grim situations and becoming what she describes as a “professional survivor.” Balas named her memoir “Bird in Flight” after Constantin Brâncuși’s famous sculpture of the same name. “I consider it emblematic of my life,” she said.After the war her husband was imprisoned by the communist authorities for three years, during which Balas raised their two daughters. She received an M.A. in Philosophy from the University of Bucharest in 1952. She then emigrated to the United States with her husband, and received an M.A. in the History of Arts from Pittsburgh University in 1970 and a Ph.D. in 1973.

Hilda Eisen

Hilda Eisen (née Gimpel; April 25, 1917 – November 22, 2017) was a Polish-American businessperson, philanthropist, and Holocaust survivor.

Index of World War II articles (L)

This is an Index of World War II articles, that can be found on Wikipedia.

La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 (Paris Métro)

La Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation

La Liberation de Paris

Lack of outside support in the Warsaw Uprising

Lamason, Phil

Landing Operation on Hainan Island

Landing Ship, Tank

Landing Vehicle Tracked

Language of Nazi concentration camps

Lapland War

Last will and testament of Adolf Hitler

Latvian Legion

Latvian resistance movement

Laws against Holocaust denial

Lead up to the Warsaw Uprising

Leadership ranks of the Sturmabteilung

League of German Girls

Lebensborn

Lebensraum

Legal purge in Norway after World War II

Legion of French Volunteers Against Bolshevism

Legionnaires' rebellion and Bucharest pogrom

Leni Riefenstahl

Leningrad Front

Leningrad People's Opolcheniye Army

Leopold III of Belgium

Letters from Iwo Jima

Lexington-class aircraft carrier

Liberation Front of the Slovenian People

Liberation of Arnhem

Liberation of Paris

Liberty ship

Lichtenburg (concentration camp)

Lieutenant Hubert Gruber

Lili Marleen

List of Adolf Hitler books

List of Adolf Hitler speeches

List of air operations of the Battle of Europe

List of aircraft engines in use by Japan during World War II

List of Aircraft engines in use of Japanese Army Air Force

List of aircraft engines of Germany during World War Two

List of Aircraft engines used by Japanese Navy Air Service

List of aircraft of Italy, World War II

List of aircraft of Japan, World War II

List of aircraft of Russia, World War II

List of aircraft of the French Air Force during World War II

List of aircraft of the British, World War II

List of aircraft of the Japanese Navy

List of aircraft of the Luftwaffe, World War II

List of aircraft of the U.S. military, World War II

List of aircraft of World War II

List of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign

List of Allied propaganda films of World War II

List of Allied ships at the Japanese surrender

List of Allied traitors during World War Two

List of Allied warships in the Normandy Landings

List of armour used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War

List of armoured fighting vehicles of World War II

List of artillery weapons of the Imperial Japanese Navy

List of Australian divisions in World War II

List of Australian divisions in WWII

List of Axis war criminals

List of B-29 Superfortress operators

List of basic World War II topics

List of battleships of Japan

List of Bombs in use by Imperial Japanese Army

List of British armies in World War I

List of British armies in WWII

List of British divisions in WWII

List of British Empire divisions in World War II

List of broadsides of major World War II ships

List of Brothers in Arms characters

List of Canadian divisions in World War II

List of Canadian divisions in WWII

List of Coastal Batteries in Australia and Territories during World War II

List of common World War II infantry weapons

List of component units of British 1st (African) Division

List of component units of British 1st Armoured Division

List of component units of British 1st Infantry Division

List of component units of Fighter Command

List of composers influenced by the Holocaust

List of cruiser classes of the Imperial Japanese Navy

List of demolished entertainment venues in Paris

List of diplomatic missions during World War II

List of Eastern Fleet ships

List of engines and weapons used on Japanese tanks during World War II

List of escort aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy

List of Female SOE Agents

List of films about Anne Frank

List of films based on war books — 1927–1945

List of Finnish armies in WWII

List of Finnish corps in the Continuation War

List of Finnish corps in the Winter War

List of Finnish divisions in the Continuation War

List of Finnish divisions in the Winter War

List of Flower-class corvettes

List of foreign aircraft tested by Japanese forces from 1930s to WW2

List of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross

List of foreign vehicles used by Nazi Germany in World War II

List of Gaue of Nazi Germany

List of Gauleiters

List of German Army Groups in WWII

List of German concentration camps

List of German corps in WWII

List of German divisions in World War II

List of German divisions in World War II

List of German military units of World War II

List of German World War II jet aces

List of German World War II night fighter aces

List of Hawker Hurricane operators

List of helicopters used in World War II

List of Holocaust films

List of Holocaust survivors

List of IJA Independent Mixed Brigades

List of IJA Mixed Brigades

List of Imperial Japanese Navy admirals

List of Indian corps in WWII

List of Indian divisions in WWII

List of individuals in the Warsaw Uprising

List of infantry weapons of the Imperial Japanese Navy

List of Italian divisions in WWII

List of Japanese-run internment camps during World War II

List of Japanese aircraft in use during the Second Sino-Japanese War

List of Japanese armored divisions

List of Japanese Army military engineer vehicles of World War II

List of Japanese Auxiliary Cruiser Commerce Raiders

List of Japanese campaigns of the Second Sino-Japanese War

List of Japanese dreadnought battleships

List of Japanese government and military commanders of World War II

List of Japanese HEAT Shells in WW2

List of Japanese hell ships

List of Japanese Infantry Divisions

List of Japanese infantry weapons used in the Second-Sino Japanese War

List of Japanese military detachments in World War II

List of Japanese military equipment of World War II

List of Japanese Mixed Brigades

List of Japanese nationalist movements and parties

List of Japanese naval commanders

List of Japanese Navy Air Force aces (Mitsubishi A6M)

List of Japanese Navy ships and war vessels in World War II

List of Japanese steam battleships

List of Japanese tanks and armoured vehicles of the WWII period

List of Japanese trainer aircraft during World War II

List of Japanese World War II explosives

List of Japanese World War II military specialists on the USSR

List of Japanese World War II navy bombs

List of Japanese World War II radar

List of Japanese WW2 Weapons

List of jet aircraft of World War II

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1940

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1941

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1942

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1943

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1944

List of Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves recipients: 1945

List of Kriegsmarine ships

List of leaders of Independent State of Croatia

List of Liberty ships: A-F

List of Liberty ships: G-L

List of Liberty ships: M-R

List of Liberty ships: S-Z

List of Liberty ships

List of limited service World War II combat vehicles

List of living Knight’s Cross recipients

List of Luftwaffe aircraft prototype projects during World War II

List of Maginot Line ouvrages

List of major U.S. Commands of World War II

List of Mauthausen-Gusen inmates

List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Battle of Iwo Jima

List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II

List of Medal of Honor recipients: World War II

List of members of the July 20 Plot

List of military aircraft of Germany

List of military engagements of World War II

List of military equipment of the Canadian Army during the Second World War

List of Military Operations in the West European Theater during WW2 by Year

List of Military operations on the Eastern Front European Theater during WW2

List of military operations on the Eastern Front of World War II

List of military operations

List of military units in the Warsaw Uprising

List of military vehicles of World War II

List of National Socialist publishers

List of Naval and land based operations in Mediterranean Sea Area during WW2

List of Naval and land based operations in Pacific Theater during WW2

List of Nazi-German concentration camps

List of Nazi Party leaders and officials

List of networks and movements of the French Resistance

List of New Zealand divisions in World War II

List of North African Campaign Battles

List of officers and commanders in the Battle of Stalingrad

List of officers of the People's Liberation Army

List of people involved with the French Resistance

List of people who assisted Jews during the Holocaust

List of Polish armies in World War II

List of Polish armies in WWII

List of Polish divisions in World War II

List of Polish divisions in WWII

List of posthumous publications of Holocaust victims

List of POW camps in Australia

List of POW camps in Britain

List of POW camps in Canada

List of POW camps in Italy

List of POW camps in Japan

List of POW camps in occupied Germany

List of POW camps in the Soviet Union

List of POW camps in the United States

List of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany

List of Pro-Axis Leaders and Governments or Direct Control in Occupied Territories

List of prototype World War II combat vehicles

List of prototype WWII combat vehicles

List of Radars in use by Imperial Japanese Army

List of Righteous Among the Nations by country

List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons

List of Second World War Victoria Cross recipients

List of secondary and special-issue World War II infantry weapons

List of ships of the Free French Naval Forces

List of ships of the Japanese Navy

List of ships sunk by Axis warships in Australian waters

List of ships sunk by the Imperial Japanese Navy

List of SOE Agents

List of SOE establishments

List of South African Divisions in World War II

List of Soviet Union divisions 1917–1945

List of Special Operations Executive Operations in WW2

List of SS personnel

List of subcamps of Auschwitz

List of subcamps of Buchenwald

List of subcamps of Dachau

List of subcamps of Flossenbürg

List of subcamps of Gross-Rosen

List of subcamps of Herzogenbusch

List of subcamps of Kraków-Płaszów

List of subcamps of Mauthausen

List of subcamps of Mittelbau

List of subcamps of Natzweiler-Struthof

List of subcamps of Neuengamme

List of subcamps of Ravensbrück

List of subcamps of Sachsenhausen

List of subcamps of Stutthof

List of successful U-boat commanders

List of tanks and armoured vehicles of the Imperial Japanese Navy

List of territories occupied by Imperial Japan

List of the 108 Martyrs of World War Two

List of theaters and campaigns of World War II

List of U-boat aces

List of U-boats never deployed

List of undersea-carried planes during World War II

List of uniforms and clothing of WWII

List of United States Army Air Forces Air Force Component Commands

List of United States Army divisions during World War II

List of United States Navy escort aircraft carriers

List of United States Navy losses in World War II

List of United States Navy ships present at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941

List of units using the B-26 Marauder during World War II

List of V-1 storage depots

List of V-2 test launches

List of Vichy France Air Aces

List of victims of Nazism

List of victims of the Babi Yar massacre

List of Victory ships

List of Waffen SS units

List of war apology statements issued by Japan

List of weapons of military aircraft of Germany during World War Two

List of weapons of the Japanese Navy

List of weapons of World War II Japanese aircraft

List of weapons on Japanese combat aircraft

List of World War II aces by country

List of World War II aces from Australia

List of World War II aces from Austria

List of World War II aces from Belgium

List of World War II aces from Bulgaria

List of World War II aces from Canada

List of World War II aces from China

List of World War II aces from Croatia

List of World War II aces from Czechoslovakia

List of World War II aces from Denmark

List of World War II aces from Finland

List of World War II aces from France

List of World War II aces from Germany

List of World War II aces from Greece

List of World War II aces from Hungary

List of World War II aces from Italy

List of World War II aces from Japan

List of World War II aces from New Zealand

List of World War II aces from Norway

List of World War II aces from Poland

List of World War II aces from Rhodesia

List of World War II aces from Romania

List of World War II aces from Slovakia

List of World War II aces from South Africa

List of World War II aces from Spain

List of World War II aces from the Soviet Union

List of World War II aces from the United Kingdom

List of World War II aces from the United States

List of World War II aces from United States

List of World War II aces from Yugoslavia

List of World War II air aces

List of World War II artillery

List of World War II Battles

List of World War II battles

List of World War II British naval radar

List of World War II conferences

List of World War II convoys

List of World War II electronic warfare equipment

List of World War II evacuations

List of World War II films

List of World War II firearms of Germany

List of World War II firearms

List of World War II flying aces from Romania

List of World War II guided missiles of Germany

List of World War II Infantry Anti-Tank Weapons of Germany

List of World War II military aircraft of Germany

List of World War II military equipment

List of World War II military gliders

List of World War II military operations

List of World War II military units of Germany

List of World War II military vehicles by country

List of World War II military vehicles of Germany

List of World War II POW camps

List of World War II ship classes

List of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons

List of World War II ships

List of World War II torpedoes of Germany

List of World War II video games

List of World War II weapons of France

List of World War II weapons of Germany

List of World War II weapons of Italy

List of World War II weapons of the Soviet Union

List of World War II weapons of the United Kingdom

List of World War II weapons of the United States

List of World War II weapons

List of WW2 Luftwaffe aircraft by manufacturer

List of WWII POW camps in Kenya

Lists of World War II topics

Lithuanian 1941 independence

Lithuanian Activist Front

Lithuanian Security Police

Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force

Little Boy

Liverpool Blitz

Living with the enemy in the German-occupied Channel Islands

Local Self-Defence in Lithuania during the Nazi German occupation (1941–1944)

Lockheed Model 10 Electra

Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar

Lockheed P-38 Survivors

Lom prisoner of war camp

London and Paris Conferences

London Can Take It!

London Charter of the International Military Tribunal

London Victory Parade of 1946

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Security

Los Alamos Primer

Los Alamos Ranch School

Los Alamos, New Mexico

Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Losses during the Second Battle of the Atlantic

Lost Battalion (World War II)

Lower Silesian Offensive Operation

LSM-1-class landing ship medium

Lublin-Brest Offensive Operation

Lublin Army

Lublin R-VIII

Lublin R-XIII

Luftflotte 1

Luftflotte 2

Luftflotte 3

Luftflotte 4

Luftflotte 5

Luftflotte 6

Luftflotte Reich

Luftlande-Sturm-Regiment

Luftstreitkräfte

Luftvärnskanonvagn L-62 Anti II

Luftwaffe Central (Weissrutenische) detachment (Luftflotte 6, Belarus)

Luftwaffe Commander

Luftwaffe Field Division

Luftwaffe Fliegerführer

Luftwaffe Institute of Aviation Medicine

Luftwaffe North (Ostland) detachment (Luftflotte 1, Baltic Area)

Luftwaffe Northern (Arctic) detachment(Luftflotte 5)(Finland-Norway)

Luftwaffe Order of Battle August 1940

Luftwaffe serviceable aircraft strengths (1940-1945)

Luftwaffe Southern (Balkan-Ukraine) detachment (Luftflotte 4, Romania-Hungary)

Luftwaffe units before the 1939 invasion of Poland

Luftwaffe

Luftwaffen-Legion Lettland

Luftwaffenhelfer

Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr

Luger P08 pistol

Luxembourg in World War II

Luxembourgish government-in-exile

Luxembourgish Patriot League

Luxembourgish Red Lion

Luxembourg Resistance

LVI Panzer Corps

Lviv Civilian Massacre (1941)

Lviv pogroms

Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive

Lwów Ghetto

Lwów Uprising

LXIV Corps (Germany)

Léon Degrelle

Liliana Segre

Liliana Segre (born 10 September 1930, Milan) is an Italian senator for life named by president Sergio Mattarella on 19 January 2018.Born into a Jewish family in 1930, Segre was expelled from her school in her young age after the promulgation of Italian Racial Laws in 1938. In 1943 she was arrested with many people of her family and deported to the camp of Auschwitz. After 1990 she started to speak to the public, especially young people, about her experience.

List of victims of Nazism

This is a list of victims of Nazism who were noted for their achievements. Many on the lists below were of Jewish and Polish origin, although Soviet POWs, Serbs, Catholics, Roma and dissidents were also murdered. This list includes people from public life who, owing to their origins, their political or religious convictions, or their sexual orientation, lost their lives as victims of the Nazi regime. It includes those whose deaths were part of the Holocaust as well as individuals who died in other ways at the hands of the Nazis during World War II. Those who died in concentration camps are listed alongside those who were murdered by the Nazi Party or those who chose suicide for political motives or to avoid being murdered.

The list is sorted by occupation and by nationality.

Marion Kozak

Marion Kozak or Marion Kozak Miliband (born 1934 as Dobra Jenta Kozak, also known as Maria Kozak) is a Polish-born British activist. She emigrated to the United Kingdom in the 1950s. In 1961 she married Ralph Miliband (1924–1994). Their two sons, David Miliband and Ed Miliband, have risen to prominence in modern-day British politics.

Olga Lengyel

Olga Lengyel (19 October 1908 – 15 April 2001) was a Hungarian Jewish prisoner at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, who later wrote about her experiences in her book Five Chimneys. She was the only member of her immediate family to survive the Holocaust.

Oskar Müller

Oskar Müller (25 June 1896 - 14 January 1970) was the first employment minister in Hesse, Germany after World War II.

Pavel Bergmann

Pavel Bergmann (14 February 1930, in Prague – 17 April 2005, in Prague) was a Czech historian, philosopher, a signatory of the Charter 77 manifesto, and a founding member of the Civic Forum.

Richard Glazar

Richard Glazar (November 29, 1920 – December 20, 1997) was a Czech-Jewish inmate of the Treblinka extermination camp in German-occupied Poland during the Holocaust. One of a small group of survivors of the camp's prisoner revolt in August 1943, Glazar described his experiences in an autobiographical book, Trap with a Green Fence: Survival in Treblinka (1992).

The Holocaust

The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the World War II genocide of the European Jews. Between 1941 and 1945 across German-occupied Europe, Nazi Germany, aided by local collaborators, systematically murdered some six million Jews, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population. The murders were carried out in pogroms and mass shootings; by a policy of extermination through labour in concentration camps; and in gas chambers and gas vans in German extermination camps, chiefly Auschwitz, Bełżec, Chełmno, Majdanek, Sobibór, and Treblinka in occupied Poland.Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Adolf Hitler's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January 1933, the regime built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and those deemed "undesirable", starting with Dachau on 22 March 1933. After the passing of the Enabling Act on 24 March, which gave Hitler plenary powers, the government began isolating Jews from civil society, which included a boycott of Jewish businesses in April 1933, and enacting the Nuremberg Laws in September 1935. On 9–10 November 1938, eight months after Germany annexed Austria, Jewish businesses and other buildings were ransacked, smashed or set on fire throughout Germany and Austria during what became known as Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"). After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, triggering World War II, the regime set up ghettos to segregate Jews from the rest of the population. Eventually thousands of camps and other detention sites were established across German-occupied Europe.

The segregation of Jews in ghettos culminated in the policy of extermination the Nazis called the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question", discussed by senior Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January 1942. As German forces captured territories in the East, all anti-Jewish measures were radicalized. Under the coordination of the SS, with directions from the highest leadership of the Nazi Party, killings were committed within Germany itself, throughout occupied Europe, and within territories controlled by Germany's allies. Paramilitary death squads called Einsatzgruppen, in cooperation with the German Army and local collaborators, murdered around 1.3 million Jews in mass shootings and pogroms between 1941 and 1945. By mid-1942, victims were being deported from ghettos across Europe in sealed freight trains to extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, they were worked to death or gassed. The killing continued until the end of World War II in Europe in May 1945.

The European Jews were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event during the Holocaust era, usually defined as beginning in January 1933, in which Germany and its collaborators persecuted and murdered other groups, including Slavs (chiefly ethnic Poles, Soviet citizens, and Soviet prisoners of war), the Roma, the "incurably sick", political and religious dissenters, and gay men. The death toll of these groups is thought to rise to 11 million.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.