List of Holocaust memorials and museums

A number of organizations, museums and monuments are intended to serve as memorials to the Holocaust, the Nazi Final Solution, and its millions of victims.

Memorials and museums are listed by country, as follows:

Argentina

  • Museo del Holocausto de Buenos Aires[1] (Holocaust Memorial Museum, Buenos Aires)

Australia

Austria

Belarus

Belgium

  • National Monument to the Jewish Martyrs of Belgium (Brussels)[9]

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

China (People's Republic of China)

Croatia

Cuba

Czech Republic

Prague Praha 2014 Holmstad flott Navn på Holocaust-ofre på veggen til Pinkas-synagogen names for Holocaust victims at the wall of the Pinkas Synagogue
Names of Holocaust victims in the Pinkas Synagogue in Prague

Estonia

Holocaust Memorial in Estonia
Holocaust memorial at the site of Klooga concentration camp, Estonia.

France

Germany

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Berlin DSC 0800
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (Berlin)

Greece

Holocaust Memorial in Athens, Greece (5299045553)
The Athens Holocaust Memorial, dedicated in 2010.
  • The Athens Holocaust Memorial, Athens[75]
  • Cemetery and Monument for the Victims of the Holocaust – 3rd Cemetery of Athens, Nikea, Piraeus
  • Holocaust memorial outside of the archaeological site of Kerameikos (Athens)
  • Jewish Museum of Greece – Shoah Exhibit[76] (Athens)
  • Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki – Shoah Exhibit[77] (Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia)
  • Monument of the Victims of the Holocaust in the Jewish Martyrs square,[78] (Rhodes)
  • Monument to Young Jews (dedicated to the memory of young Jews murdered in the Holocaust) – Pafos Square, area of Kato Patissia, north of downtown Athens
  • Rhodes Jewish Museum[79] (Rhodes)
  • Holocaust Memorial of Corfu (dedicated to the memory of 2000 Jews of Corfu who perished in the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau in June 1944. Erected by the Municipality of Corfu and the Jewish community of Corfu in November 2001) – Xenophontos Stratigou, New Fortress Square, Corfu

Hungary

  • Holocaust Memorial Center[80]
  • Shoes on the Danube Bank-The memorial is of metal shoes on the edge of the Danube. The Jews were ordered to take off their shoes, and were shot at the edge of the water so that their bodies fell into the river and were carried away. It represents their shoes left behind on the bank. The Fascist Arrow Cross militiamen carried out the shootings. (Budapest)

Israel

Israel-Yad Vashem Sculpture
Sculpture at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem

Italy

Japan

Latvia

Rumbula forest memorial
Memorial at the site of the Rumbula massacre, Latvia

Lithuania

  • Sugihara House (Kaunas)[90]

Mexico

Netherlands

New Zealand

North Macedonia

Norway

  • Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities (HL-senteret) (Oslo, Norway)

Philippines

Poland

Romania

Russia

Мемориал в Змиевской балке
The Zmievskaya Ravine Memorial, Rostov-on-Don.

Serbia

Kragujevac- Muzej 21 oktobar
Šumarice Memorial Park, Kragujevac

Slovakia

  • Múzeum holokaustu a židovskej kultúry (Sereď)
  • SNM – Múzeum židovskej kultúry Bratislava (Bratislava)

South Africa

Spain

  • Monument to the Victims of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp[108] (Almería)

Suriname

Suriname Holocaust Memorial
Holocaust Memorial Paramaribo, Suriname

Sweden

  • Monument to the Memory of the Holocaust Victims, the Great Synagogue of Stockholm[110] (Stockholm)
  • Forum för levande historia – The Living History Forum is a Swedish public authority which, using the Holocaust and other crimes against humanity as a starting point, works with issues on tolerance, democracy and human rights.[111]
  • The new entrance and annex of the theatre Storsjöteatern in Östersund is built to architecturally honour the Holocaust memorial in Berlin.[112]

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Holocaust Mem Hyde Park
Holocaust Memorial in Hyde Park, London

United States

David Ascalon, Ascalon Studios, Holocaust Memorial- Harrisburg, PA
Holocaust Memorial for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania by David Ascalon (1994)

Uruguay

See also

Related

Notes

  1. ^ The German national memorial to the people with disabilities systematically murdered by the Nazis was dedicated in 2014 in Berlin.[72][73] It is located in Berlin in a site next to the Tiergarten park, which is the former location of a villa at Tiergartenstrasse 4 where more than 60 Nazi bureaucrats and doctors worked in secret under the "T4" program to organize the mass murder of sanatorium and psychiatric hospital patients deemed unworthy to live.[73]

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External links

Beth Shalom Holocaust Centre

Beth Shalom (lit. "House of Peace") is a Holocaust memorial centre near Laxton in Nottinghamshire in England. Opened in 1995, it is England's only dedicated Holocaust museum, though there is also a permanent exhibition at London's Imperial War Museum. The centre was founded by brothers James and Stephen Smith following a 1991 visit to Israel during which a trip to Yad Vashem changed the way they looked at history and the Holocaust.The museum seeks to educate primary school children about the Holocaust through its primary exhibit on children's experiences, funded in part by a lottery grant of nearly £500,000. Prince Harry was educated about the Holocaust at the Centre following an incident when he wore a Nazi costume.On 21 July 2010, almost twenty years after the Beth Shalom Holocaust Centre was founded, James and Stephen Smith and their mother Marina, were each awarded honorary degrees of Doctor of Letters (DLitt) by Nottingham Trent University.

Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation

The Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation was founded on 17 October 1990 on the initiative of French Prime Minister Michel Rocard and the former Minister of the Interior. It is based in Paris.It serves as a support organization responsible for a number of unions and associations that deal with the deportations and imprisonment carried out by Nazis and the Vichy regime in France from 1940 to 1945.

The foundation is one of many partner organizations of the Austrian Service Abroad (German: Auslandsdienst) and the corresponding Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service (Gedenkdienst).

Holocaust Memorial Days

Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day refers to various countries' designated annual day of commemoration honoring the victims, survivors and rescuers of the Holocaust during the Nazi regime

As of 2004, twelve countries observed January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.

As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe had chosen dates related to local histories.

Holocaust museum

The term Holocaust museum may refer to:

Ani Ma'amin Holocaust Museum (Jerusalem)

Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education & Tolerance

Florida Holocaust Museum

Ghetto Fighters' House (Western Galilee, Israel)

Holocaust Museum Houston

Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center

Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre (Australia)

Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre

Simon Wiesenthal Center (Los Angeles)

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (Washington, D.C.)

Virginia Holocaust Museum

Yad Vashem (Jerusalem), Israel's national Holocaust Remembrance Authority

Holocaust Memorial Center for the Jews of Macedonia in Skopje (Macedonia)

Hyde Park Holocaust Memorial

The Holocaust Memorial in Hyde Park, London, was the first public memorial in Great Britain dedicated to victims of the Holocaust. It lies to the east of the Serpentine Lake, in The Dell, an open-air area within the park. Since its unveiling in 1983 remembrance services have taken place at the memorial every year.

List of Holocaust memorials and museums in the United States

This is a list of Holocaust memorials and museums situated in the United States, organized by state.

Museum of Jewish History and Culture in Belarus

Museum of Jewish History and Culture in Belarus is a small museum in Minsk, Belarus. It was founded in 2002 by historian Inna Gerasimova in conjunction with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The Joint Committee still financially supports it, along with the local Belarusian Jewish community. Offices for local Jewish community services are located in the same building, on the Minsk Jewish campus.The museum, despite lacking accreditation and an advisory board, is nonetheless working to preserve the memory of the early Jewish communities in Minsk and narrate their story during World War II. Besides exhibits, the museum staff also conducts outreach and educational programs, such as public forums and the "Righteous Among the Nations" program (which honors non-Jews who worked to help the Jewish community). Nearby the museum is Zaslaŭski Memorial, the site of at least one mass murder of Jewish citizens.

Museum of the Holocaust (Guatemala)

The Museum of the Holocaust in Guatemala city will be the first museum of the Holocaust in Central America.The museum will open in 2016. It currently has a temporary exhibition about the Holocaust by bullets perpetrated by the Einsatzgruppen. The exhibition is presented by the organization Yahad -In Unum.

Mémorial de la Shoah

Mémorial de la Shoah is the Holocaust museum in Paris, France. The memorial is in the district of Le Marais, in the third and fourth arrondissement, which had a large Jewish population at the beginning of World War II.The memorial was opened, by President Jacques Chirac, on 27 January 2005. This day was chosen to coincide with International Holocaust Remembrance Day and the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp. The memorial underwent a major renovation in 2005, creating exhibition spaces, a multimedia center, and a reading room.

National Holocaust Monument

The National Holocaust Monument (French: Monument National de L'Holocauste) is a Holocaust memorial in Ottawa, Ontario, across from the Canadian War Museum at the northeast corner of Wellington and Booth Streets, and about 1.5 km away from Parliament Hill. The memorial has been designed by Daniel Libeskind.The National Holocaust Monument Act (Bill C-442), which established plans to create the memorial in Canada's capital, received Royal Assent on March 25, 2011. The law was introduced as a private members bill by Tim Uppal, Minister of State and MP for Edmonton—Sherwood Park and received unanimous support.The monument will have a view of the Peace Tower and photographs by Edward Burtynsky. The team is being led by Lord Cultural Resources.The monument will be overseen by the National Capital Commission.

The monument was planned to be unveiled in the fall of 2015, but later pushed back to the spring of 2017 due to delays in construction. The official unveiling occurred on September 27, 2017.The beginning of the memorial was enacted by a student who was outraged regarding the fact that Ottawa was one of the very few cities that did not have a monument for the Holocaust. Laura Grosman who is a student at the University of Ottawa began a campaign to see a monument of such built in Ottawa. She is the granddaughter of a Polish-born Holocaust survivor and has found passion in attempting to understand the international relation that Canada played with the Holocaust.

Nebraska Holocaust Memorial

The Nebraska Holocaust Memorial is in Wyuka Cemetery in Lincoln, Nebraska, United States. It was dedicated on April 15, 2007 and serves for remembrance and education. This memorial is dedicated to the men, women, and children who died in the Holocaust, created by Nazi Germany during World War II. This memorial also honors the survivors and liberators of the Holocaust.

Within the Memorial is a set of stones that surround the "Star of Remembrance" monument. These stones represent the 11 million people who were murdered by the Nazis and their allies. Within the "Sea of Stones" are bricks with the names of individuals murdered in the Holocaust. Other sections of the Memorial include the "Wall of Remembrance" with pictures from the Holocaust and a Butterfly Garden in memory of the one and a half million children murdered in the Holocaust.

Nebraska picked the memorial to be in this cemetery because it is the nation's only state cemetery, and, though located in Lincoln, Nebraska, represents the entire state. Rich, poor, famous and infamous individuals killed in all the nation's wars (including the Civil War), as well as former slaves, are buried at Wyuka.

To see other Holocaust memorial locations throughout the world, see: List of Holocaust memorials and museums.

Oregon Holocaust Memorial

The Oregon Holocaust Memorial is an outdoor memorial dedicated to victims of the Holocaust. Located in Portland, Oregon's Washington Park, the memorial was dedicated on August 29, 2004. Owned by the American Jewish Committee and constructed by Atlas Landscape Architecture and the Walsh Construction Company, the idea for a memorial was proposed in 1994 by Alice Kern and a local group of Holocaust survivors that met through the Oregon Holocaust Resource Center. According to Fodor's, the memorial is open daily from dawn to dusk and admission is free of charge.

René de Naurois

Abbé René de Naurois (24 November 1906 – 12 January 2006) was a French Catholic priest, chaplain, and ornithologist.

Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum

The Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum is a museum commemorating the Jewish refugees who lived in Shanghai during World War II after fleeing Europe to escape the Holocaust. It is located at the former Ohel Moshe or Moishe Synagogue, in the Tilanqiao Historic Area of Hongkou district, Shanghai, China. The museum features documents, photographs, films, and personal items documenting the lives of some of the more than 20,000 Jewish residents of the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees, better known as the Shanghai Ghetto, during the Japanese occupation of Shanghai.

Sydney Jewish Museum

The Sydney Jewish Museum is a history museum in Sydney, Australia, which documents the Holocaust, the history of the Jewish people in Australia, and explores human rights issues in Australia.

The museum is an institution that collects and preserves historic objects, commemorates and educates, with a mission to challenge visitors’ perceptions of morality, social justice, democracy and human rights.

The Sydney Jewish Museum is located at 148 Darlinghurst Road, Darlinghurst, and is housed in the historic Maccabean Hall, which was built to commemorate Jewish men and women from New South Wales who served in World War I. This building, which was formally opened on Armistice Day 1923 by Sir John Monash, has long been a hub of Jewish life in Sydney and was judged an appropriate site for the Sydney Jewish Museum.

The Holocaust Experience

The Holocaust Experience is a 2003 documentary by Oeke Hoogendijk that takes a serious, slightly critical, look at Holocaust museums around the globe. The film asks where the line between remembering the genocide and exploiting the dead lies and if it's already been crossed.

The Pit (memorial)

The Pit (Belarusian: Яма) is a monument on the corner of Melnikayte and Zaslavskaya streets dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust in Minsk, Belarus. It is on the site where, on March 2, 1942, the Nazi forces shot about 5,000 inhabitants of the nearby Minsk Ghetto.

The obelisk was created in 1947, and in 2000 a bronze sculpture titled "The Last Way" was added. It represents a group of doomed victims descending the steps of the pit. The sculpture was created by the Belarusian artist and Chairman of the Jewish communities of Belarus, Leonid Levin, and the sculptor Elsa Pollak from Israel. On the obelisk is written in Russian and Yiddish, "To the shining memory of the bright days of five thousand Jews who perished at the hands of sworn enemies of humanity, German-fascist butchers, March 2, 1942."

When the reconstruction of the memorial was undertaken, no machinery was used and all work done by hand, a process which took eight years to complete. According to the original plan, the sculptural group was to be more detailed, but it was ultimately left with an expressive aesthetic, devoid of national colors, and includes figures of a violinist, children, and a pregnant woman, representing more collective characters. The memorial has been a target of vandalism. Funeral assemblies are held at the memorial every year on March 2.

Violins of Hope

The Violins of Hope collection is a collection of Holocaust related string instruments in Tel Aviv, Israel. The instruments serve to educate and memorialize the lives of prisoners in concentration camps through concerts, exhibitions and other projects. The collection is owned by father and son team Amnon and Avshalom Weinstein, who are both violin makers.

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