List of Greek morphemes used in English

Greek morphemes are parts of words originating from the Greek language. This article lists Greek morphemes used in the English language.

Common morphemes

Morpheme Definition Example word
Andr Man Android: a machine made to look like a man
Anthrop Humankind Anthropology: the study of humankind (see logy)
Arch Rule; govern Gynarchy: Government by a woman [see gyn]
Archae Ancient; old Archaeology: The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc. [see logy]
Bath Depth Bathometer: a device measuring depth (see meter)
Biblio Book Bibliophobia: the fear of books [see phobia]
Caco Bad Cacography: poor handwriting [see graph]
Centr Center Centerpiece: an ornamental object used in a central position, esp. on the center of a dining-room table
Chrom Color Polychrome: having many colors [see poly]
Chron Time Chronological: being in time order
Cycl Circle Bicycle: a vehicle with two wheels in tandem, usually propelled by pedals connected to the rear wheel by a chain, and having handlebars for steering and a saddlelike seat. [see bi]
Dem People Democracy: Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is retained and directly exercised by the people
Di Two Dichromatic: having two colors [see chrom]
Dyn Power Dynasty: a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group
Erg Work Ergonomics: the science of equipment design, intended to maximize productivity, especially in the workplace
Eu Good Euphony: pleasant combinations of sound [see phon]
Gen Origin; kind Genesis: the first book in the Bible
Geo Earth Geology: the study of the earth [see logy]
Gon Angle Polygon: a many sided shape [see poly]
Graph; gram Write; draw; record Telegraph: the long-distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters [see tele]
Gyn Woman Misogyny: The hatred of women [see miso]
Helio Sun Heliotherapy: therapeutic exposure to sunlight [see therap]
Hem; haem Blood Hemorrhage: a profuse discharge of blood
Hemi Half Hemisphere: one of the halves into which the earth is divided
Hetero Unlike; different Heterogeneous: Differing in kind; having unlike qualities; possessed of different characteristics; differing in origin [see gen]
Homo Same Homogenous: Having a resemblance in structure, due to descent from a common progenitor with subsequent modification [see gen]
Iso Equal Isography: Imitation of another's handwriting [see graph]
Latry Worship Idolatry: the religious worship of idols
Log Word; idea; study Dialog: A conversation between people. (dia: through) + (logos: speech, reason) = ("exchange of thoughts")
Logy; ology Discourse; learn Trilogy: a set of three works of art that are connected
Macro Long Macrocosm: any large thing; universe
Mancy Prophecy Bibliomancy: prophesying by use of books [see biblio]
Machia; Machy War; Fight Theomachy: war or struggle between gods [see theo]
Mania Madness Pyromaniac: A person suffering from pyromania; A person who is obsessed with fire; one who lights things on fire
Mega Large Megalomania: a mental disorder characterized by delusions of power [see mania]
Meter Measure Diameter: the length of a straight line passing from side to side of any figure or body, through its center
Micro Small Microscopic: so small it's hard to see [see scop]
Miso Hate Misology: the dislike of arguments (see log)
Mono One Monopoly: an exclusive privilege to carry on a business, traffic, or service, granted by a government
Olig Few Oligarchy: a form of government all the power resides with few people [see arch]
Ortho Correct; straight Orthodontics: the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention and correction of irregular teeth
Pan All Pandemic: prevalent throughout an entire country, continent, or the whole world [see dem]
Para Beside; beyond; abnormal Paralysis: loss of muscle function for one or more muscles
Path Feeling; disease Sociopath: a person, whose behavior is antisocial and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility or social conscience.
Phil Friend Philanthropy: the desire to help others [see anthrop]
Phobia Fear of Arachnaphobia: The fear of spiders
Phon Sound Euphonic: Pleasing to the ear [see eu]
Poly Many Polymath: a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas
Rhe Flood; flow; gush; burst Logorhea: a flood of words spoken quickly (see log)
Scop; scept Look at; examine Kaleidoscope: A toy in which reflections from mirrors make patterns
Stat; stas Stop Static: showing little or no change
Tel; tele Far; distant Telephone: Apparatus designed to convert sound waves into electrical waves which are sent to and reproduced data distant point [see phon]
Theo God Atheist: one who believes in no gods
Therap Cure Therapy: Treatment of illness or disability

See also

External links

  • Greek Morphemes, Khoff, Mountainside Middle School
  • English vocabulary elements, Keith M. Denning, Brett Kessler, William R. Leben, William Ronald Leben, Oxford University Press US, 2007, 320pp, p. 127, ISBN 978-0-19-516802-0 at Google Books
English etymology

English etymology is the study of where English words came from. It may refer to:

History of the English language

English words of Greek origin

List of Greek morphemes used in English

List of Greek and Latin roots in English

Latin influence in English

List of Latin words with English derivatives

Lists of English words by country or language of origin

Classical compound

Hybrid word#English examples

List of common false etymologies of English words

English words of Greek origin

The Greek language has contributed to the English vocabulary in five main ways:

vernacular borrowings, transmitted orally through Vulgar Latin directly into Old English, e.g., 'butter' (Old English butere from Latin butyrum < βούτυρον), or through French, e.g., 'ochre'.

learned borrowings from classical Greek texts, e.g., 'physics' (< Latin physica < Greek τὰ φυσικά);

a few borrowings via Arabic scientific and philosophical writing, e.g., 'alchemy' (< χημεία);

coinages in post-classical Latin or modern languages using classical Greek roots, e.g., 'telephone' (< τῆλε + φωνή) or a mixture of Greek and other roots, e.g., 'television' (< Greek τῆλε + English 'vision' < Latin visio); these are often shared among the modern European languages, including Modern Greek;

direct borrowings from Modern Greek, e.g., bouzouki.The post-classical coinages are by far the most numerous of these.

Lists of English words by country or language of origin

The following are lists of words in the English language that are known as "loanwords" or "borrowings," which are derived from other languages.

For purely native (Anglo-Saxon-derived) words, see List of English words of Anglo-Saxon origin.

List of English words of Australian Aboriginal origin

English words of African origin

List of English words of Afrikaans origin

List of South African slang words

List of English words of Arabic origin

List of English words of Chinese origin

List of English words of Czech origin

List of English words of Danish origin

List of English words of Dutch origin

Dutch linguistic influence on naval terms

List of English words of Afrikaans origin

List of South African slang words

List of place names of Dutch origin

Australian places with Dutch names

List of English words of Etruscan origin

List of English words of Finnish origin

List of English words of French origin

List of French expressions in English

List of English words with dual French and Anglo-Saxon variations

List of pseudo-French words adapted to English

List of English Latinates of Germanic origin

List of English words of Gaulish origin

List of German expressions in English

List of pseudo-German words adapted to English

English words of Greek origin (a discussion rather than a list)

List of Greek morphemes used in English

List of English words of Hawaiian origin

List of English words of Hebrew origin

List of English words of Hindi or Urdu origin

List of English words of Hungarian origin

List of English words of Indian origin

List of English words of Indonesian origin, including from Javanese, Malay (Sumatran) Sundanese, Papuan (Papua), Balinese, Dayak and other local languages in Indonesia

List of English words of Irish origin

List of English words of Italian origin

List of Italian musical terms used in English

List of English words of Japanese origin

List of English words of Korean origin

List of Latin words with English derivatives

List of English words of Malay origin

List of English words of Māori origin

List of English words from indigenous languages of the Americas

List of English words of Norwegian origin

List of English words of Old Norse origin (often coming from Vikings from Denmark or Norway, but at the time there was little distinction between the Old Norse dialects spoken in the three Scandinavian countries.)

List of English words of Persian origin

List of English words of Philippine origin

List of English words of Polish origin

List of English words of Portuguese origin

List of English words of Romani origin

List of English words of Romanian origin

List of English words of Russian origin

List of English words of Sami origin

List of English words of Sanskrit origin

List of English words of Scots origin

List of English words of Scottish Gaelic origin

List of English words of Serbo-Croatian origin

List of English words of Slovak origin

List of English words of Spanish origin

List of English words of Swedish origin

List of English words of Tamil origin

List of English words of Turkic origin

List of English words of Ukrainian origin

List of English words of Welsh origin

List of English words of Yiddish origin

List of English words of Zulu origin

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