List of Google products

The following is a list of products and services provided by Google.

Google 2015 logo
Google's logo since September 2015.

Web-based products

Search tools

  • Google Search is a web search engine and Google's core product. It receives over 3 billion search queries per day. Google also offers regional search by its 189 regional level domains.
    • Hummingbird – Expanded query analysis. For example, if a user searches for 'best pie place in Seattle' Google will also search for 'best pie restaurant in Seattle'.
    • PageRank – link analysis algorithm.
    • Snapshots – mechanism that indexes PDFs, Word documents, and more.
    • Google Search functionality – includes Boolean logical operators, wildcards, and more, to help users refine their searches.
    • Multiple languages – processes information in many languages.
    • Experimental Search - Options for testing new interfaces while searching with Google, including Timeline views and keyboard shortcuts.
    • Knowledge Graph – a knowledge base used to enhance search results with semantic information gathered from several sources.
  • Google Alerts – email notification service that sends alerts based on chosen search terms, whenever it finds new results. Alerts include web results, Groups results, news and videos.[1]
  • Google Assistant – voice-based Search Service and AI Assistant. It debuted in May 2016.
  • Google Books (formerly Print) – search engine for the full text of printed books. The content that is displayed depends on arrangements with publishers, ranging from short extracts to entire books.
  • Google Custom Search – creates a customized search experience for a website. Renamed from Google Co-op, which in turn replaced Google Free Search.
  • Google Dictionary – searches definitions for words and phrases.
  • Google Dataset Search – searches data repositories and local and national government websites for datasets.[2]
  • Google Finance – searchable US business news, opinion and financial data. Features include company-specific pages, blog search, interactive charts, executives information, discussion groups and a portfolio.
  • Google Groups – web and email discussion service and Usenet archive. Users can join a group, make a group, publish posts, track favorite topics, write a set of group web pages updatable by members and share group files.
  • Google Hotel Finder – used to search for hotels, including check-in and check-out dates.[3]
  • Google Flights – used to search for flights from many airlines to many destinations, offering tools such as price comparisons and travel recommendations.[4]
  • Google Images – used to search images, with results based on the file name of the image, the link text pointing to the image and text adjacent to the image. Search based on an uploaded image.
  • Language Tools – Collection of linguistic applications, including one that allows users to translate text or web pages from one language to another, and another that allows searching in web pages located in a specific country or written in a specific language.
  • Life Search (Google China) – Search engine tailored towards everyday needs, such as train times, recipes and housing.
  • Google News – automated news compilation service and search engine for news for more than 20 languages. While the selection of news stories is fully automated, the sites are selected by human editors.
  • Google Patents – search engine to search through millions of patents, each result with its own page, including drawings, claims and citations.
  • Google Recipe View – search results show only recipes, and shows ratings, ingredients and pictures.[5]
  • Google Scholar – searches the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and scholarly fields. Includes virtually all peer-reviewed journals.
  • Google Shopping (previously Google Product Search and Froogle) - searches online stores, including auctions, for products.[6]
  • Suggest – does auto-completion in search results while typing to give popular searches.
  • Google Video – video search engine. Google's video partnerships include agreements with CBS, NHL and the NBA. It searches videos posted on YouTube, Metacafe, DailyMotion, and other popular video hosting sites.[7]
  • Google Web History (was Google Search History, Personalized Search) – used in web page tracking, which records Google searches, web pages, images, videos, music and other data. It includes bookmarks, search trends and item recommendations. Google released Search History in April 2005, when it began to record browsing history,[8] expanding and renaming the service to Web History in April 2007.[9]
  • Shortcuts – various, simple Google services available directly from Google Search like information about weather, a calculator, sport scores, dictionary etc.
  • Zagat – a source of consumer survey-based information for restaurants and other leisure activities.

Advertising services

  • AdMob – mobile advertising network[10] that offers advertising solutions for Android, iOS and Windows Phone.[11]
  • Google AdSense – contextual advertising solution to web publishers that delivers text-based Google Ads ads that are relevant to site content pages.
  • Google Ads – selects and displays ads in the Sponsored Links section next to search results.
  • Google Ad Grants – in-kind donation program awarding free AdWords advertising to select charitable organizations.
  • Adwords Express – local online advertising.
  • Google Certification Program – AdWords partner certification program, providing AdWords qualifications to agencies that pass exams and other criteria. Replaced Google Advertising Professionals in April 2010.
  • DoubleClick – ad management and ad serving technology foundation for buyers, creators and sellers of digital media.
  • Google Ad Manager – drives direct sales revenue and maximizes yield on non-guaranteed inventory.
  • Google Display Planner[12]
  • Google Think Insights

Communication and publishing tools

Development tools

Security tools

  • reCAPTCHA – a user-dialogue system used to prevent bots from accessing websites.
  • Google Safe Browsing – blacklist service for web resources that contain malware or phishing content.
  • Titan Security Key - a security token.

Map-related products

  • Google Maps – mapping service that indexes streets and displays satellite and street-level imagery, providing directions and local business search
    • Google Street View
    • Google Street View Inside Trusted – 360°, interactive tour.[20] Walk around, explore and interact with a business using Street View technology.
  • Google My Maps – social custom map making tool based on Google Maps
  • Google Maps Gallery – collection of data and historic maps
  • Google Mars – imagery of Mars using the Google Maps interface. Elevation, visible imagery and infrared imagery can be shown.
  • Google Moon – NASA imagery of the moon through the Google Maps interface
  • Google Sky – view planets, stars and galaxies
  • Google Transit – public transport trip planning through the Google Maps interface
  • Google Santa Tracker – track Santa Claus on Christmas Eve
  • Zygote Body – 3D anatomical model of human body
  • Build with Chrome – an initiative between Lego and Google to build the world using Lego.[21]
  • Smarty Pins – geographical trivia game that features the Google Maps pin

Statistical tools

  • Google Analytics – traffic statistics generator for defined websites, with AdWords integration. Webmasters can optimize ad campaigns, based on the statistics. Analytics are based on the Urchin software.
  • Google Surveys – market research tool.
  • Google Correlate – search patterns relating to real world trends.
  • Freebase - open, creative commons, attribution licensed collection of structured data, and a Freebase platform for accessing and manipulating that data via the Freebase API.
  • Google Fusion Tables – gather and visualize arbitrary data
  • Google Ngram Viewer – chart year-by-year frequencies of any set of comma-delimited strings in Google's text corpora.
  • Google Public Data Explorer – public data and forecasts from international organizations and academic institutions including the World Bank, OECD, Eurostat and the University of Denver
  • TensorFlow - Machine Learning service that simplifies designing neural networks in an easier and more visible fashion
  • Google Trends – graphing application for Web Search statistics, showing the popularity of particular search terms over time. Multiple terms can be shown at once. Results can be displayed by city, region or language. Related news stories are shown. Has "Google Trends for Websites" sub-section that shows popularity of websites over time.
  • Google Activity Report – monthly report including statistics about a user's Google usage, such as sign-in, third party authentication changes, Gmail usage, calendar, search history and YouTube.

Operating systems

  • Android – Linux-based operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers
  • Chrome OS – Linux-based operating system for web applications[22]
  • Wear OS – version of Google's Android operating system designed for smartwatches and other wearable items.
  • Android Auto – version of Android made for automobiles by Google with the help of the Open Automotive Alliance
  • Google TV – it was smart TV interface running on smart TVs and set-top boxes.
  • Android TV – version of Android made for TVs
  • Glass OS – operating system for Google Glass
  • Google Fuchsia - unreleased OS predicted to be for laptops and smartphones

Desktop applications

Mobile applications

Mobile web applications

These products can be accessed through a browser on a mobile device.

Mobile standalone applications

  • Google AuthenticatorMFA (Multi-factor authentication)
  • Google Play Books – buy and download books and keep them stored on remote servers, allows reading one book on a variety of devices.[26]
  • Gmail – email app
  • Catalogs – shopping application for tablet computers
  • Drive – access files and documents stored on Google Drive.
  • Files – Android storage cleanup, file-browsing and offline file-transfer
  • Google Keep – note-taking and web surfing
  • Google Goggles – search based on pictures taken with a device's built-in camera; taking pictures of things (examples: famous landmarks, product bar-codes) causes searches for information on them.[27]
  • Tango - augmented reality, indoor navigation, 3D mapping, physical space measurement and environmental recognition. It also allows developers to create applications using its APIs.
  • Google Maps – view maps
  • Google Play Music – online music store[28][29]
  • Google Play Newsstand – news aggregator that combines the features of the discontinued apps Google Play Magazines and Google Currents
  • Google Podcasts – podcasts client app for Android
  • One Today – allows people to donate to nonprofits that are part of the Google for nonprofits program, .
  • Shopper – makes shopping easier and smarter.
  • Sky Map – augmented-reality program displaying a star map that shifts perspective following the device's movement
  • Google Primer - teaches digital-marketing skills
  • Google Sync – synchronizes mobile phones with multiple Google calendars and contacts
  • Google TalkVoIP and texting
  • Hangouts – instant-messaging and video-chat platform
  • Translate – translate conversations
  • Google Voice
  • Yinyue (Music) (Google China) – site linking to a large archive of Chinese pop-music (principally Cantopop and Mandopop), including audio streaming over Google's own player, legal lyric downloads, and in most cases legal MP3 downloads. The archive is provided by (i.e., this service does not search the whole Internet) and is available in mainland China only.
  • YouTube
  • YouTube Remote – control YouTube video that plays on a TV
  • Google Now – personal assistant operated through voice commands
  • Google+ (G+) – social network
  • Waze – input and view live traffic and alerts.
  • Who's Down – indicate social availability to one's friends.[30]
  • Gboard (Google Keyboard for iOS and Android) - touchscreen keyboard that features glide typing, GIF search, emoji search and Google search[31][32]
  • Live Transcribe - App for transcribing text; can be used to help the deaf. [33]



  • Google Cloud Platform – modular cloud-based services for software development
  • Google Crisis Response – public project that covers disasters, turmoils and other emergencies and alerts
  • Google Fi – cell phone plan aimed at simple plans and pricing
  • Google Fiber – experimental broadband internet network infrastructure using fiberoptic communication in Kansas City, Provo and Austin
  • Google Get Your Business Online – increase the web presence of small businesses and cities. Advice on search engine optimization and maintaining business owners update their business profile.[36]
  • Google Station – public Wi-Fi that can be monetized through ads
  • Google Public DNS – publicly accessible DNS server
  • Google Ideas – cross-sector, interdisciplinary "think tank" or "think/do tank" based in New York City, dedicated to understanding global challenges and applying technological solutions.
  • Google Person Finder – open-source tool that helps people reconnect with others in the aftermath of a disaster
  • Google Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) – open-source project and service to accelerate content on mobile devices.[37][38][39] AMP provides a JavaScript library for developers and restricts the use of third-party JS.[40][41]
  • Google Firebase – real time database that provides an API that allows developers to store and sync data across multiple clients
  • Google Cast – display entertainment and apps from a phone, tablet or laptop right on a TV or speakers.[42]
  • Stadia - upcoming video game streaming service

Discontinued products and services

Google has retired many offerings, either because of obsolescence, integration into other Google products, or lack of interest.[43] Google's discontinued offerings are colloquially referred to as Google Graveyard.[44]


  • Google Answers – online knowledge market that allowed users to post bounties for well-researched answers to their queries. Discontinued on November 28; still accessible (read-only).
  • Google Deskbar – desktop bar with a built-in mini browser. Replaced by a similar feature in Google Desktop. Discontinued May 8.
  • Writely – web-based word processor. On October 10, Writely was merged into Google Docs & Spreadsheets.


  • Google Click-to-Call – allowed a user to speak directly over the phone without charge to businesses found on Google search results pages.
  • Related Links – links to information related to a website's content. Discontinued on April 30.
  • Public Service Search – non-commercial organization service, which included Google Site Search, traffic reports and unlimited search queries. Discontinued on February, replaced by Google Custom Search.
  • Google Video Marketplace – discontinued in August[45]


  • Google Browser Sync (Mozilla Firefox) – allowed Firefox users to synchronize settings across multiple computers. Discontinued in June.
  • Google Lively – 3D animated chat. Discontinued December 31.[46]
  • Hello – send images across the Internet and publish them to blogs. Discontinued on May 15.[47]
  • SearchMash – search engine to "test innovative user interfaces". Discontinued on November 24.[48]
  • Send to Phone – send links and other information from Firefox to their phone by text message. Discontinued on August 28, replaced by Google Chrome to Phone.[49]
  • Web Accelerator – increased load speed of web pages. No longer available for, or supported by, Google as of January 20.


  • Audio Ads – radio advertising program for US businesses. Discontinued on February 12.
  • Catalogs – search engine for over 6,600 print catalogs, acquired through optical character recognition. Discontinued in January.
  • Dodgeballsocial networking service. Users could text their location to the service, which would then notify them of nearby people or events of interest. Replaced by Google Latitude.
  • Living Stories - collaboration with The New York Times and The Washington Post for presenting news. Discontinued in February 2010.
  • Google Mashup Editor – web mashup creation with publishing, syntax highlighting, debugging. Discontinued in July; migrated to Google App Engine.
  • Google Ride Finder – taxi and shuttle search service, using real time position of vehicles in 14 U.S. cities. Used the Google Maps interface and cooperated with any car service that wished to participate. Discontinued in October.
  • Shared Stuff – web page sharing system, incorporating a bookmarklet to share pages, and a page to view the most popular shared items. Pages could be shared through third party applications such as Delicious or Facebook. Discontinued on March 30.
  • Google Page Creator – webpage publishing program that could be used to create pages and to host them on Google servers. Discontinued, with all existing content transferred to Google Sites.


  • Marratech e-Meeting – web conferencing software, used internally by Google's employees. Discontinued on February 19.
  • Google SearchWiki – annotate and re-order search results. Discontinued March 3, replaced by Google Stars.
  • GOOG-411 (also known as Voice Local Search) – directory assistance service. Discontinued on November 12.
  • Google Base – submission database that enabled content owners to submit content, have it hosted and made searchable. Information was organized using attributes. Discontinued on December 17, replaced with Google Shopping APIs.


  • Google Labs – test and demonstrate new Google products
  • Google Buzz – social networking service integrated with Gmail allowing users to share content immediately and make conversations. Discontinued in December.[50]
  • Google PowerMeter – view building energy consumption. Discontinued on September 16.
  • Real Estate – place real estate listings in Google Maps. Discontinued February 10.[51]
  • Google Directory – collection of links arranged into hierarchical subcategories. The links and their categorization were from the Open Directory Project, sorted using PageRank. Discontinued on July 20.
  • Google Blog Searchweblog search engine. Discontinued in July.
  • Squared – creates tables of information about a subject from unstructured data. Discontinued September.
  • Google Sets – generates a list of items when users enter a few examples. For example, entering "Green, Purple, Red" emits the list "Green, Purple, Red, Blue, Black, White, Yellow, Orange, Brown". Discontinued mid-year.[52]
  • Google Pack – application suite. Discontinued on September 2.
  • Google Fast Flip – online news aggregator. Discontinued September 6.
  • Desktopdesktop search application that indexed emails, documents, music, photos, chats, Web history and other files. Discontinued on September 14.
  • Aardvark – social search utility that allowed people to ask and answer questions within their social networks. It used people's claimed expertise to match 'askers' with good 'answerers'. Discontinued on September 30.
  • Google Sidewiki – browser sidebar and service that allowed contributing and reading helpful information alongside any web page. Discontinued in December.
  • Directory – navigation directory, specifically for Chinese users.[53]
  • Gears – web browser features, enabling some new web applications.
  • Hotpot – local recommendation engine that allowed people to rate restaurants, hotels etc. and share them with friends. Moved to Google Places service in April 2011.[54]


  • Google Notebook – online note-taking and web-clipping application.[55] Discontinued in July.
  • Google Apps Standard Edition – Discontinued on December 6.[56]
  • Google Code Search – software search engine. Discontinued on January 15.[57]
  • Google Health – store, manage, and share personal health information in one place. Development ceased June 24, 2011; accessible until January 1, 2012; data available for download until January 1, 2013.
  • Google Website Optimizer – testing and optimization tool. Discontinued on August 1.[58]
  • TV Ads – Method to place advertising on TV networks. Discontinued on August 30,[59] with all remaining active campaigns ending December 16.[60]
  • Google Friend Connect – add social features to websites. Discontinued on March 1, replaced by Google+'s pages and off-site Page badges.[61]
  • Google Insights for Search – insights into Google search term usage. Discontinued September 27, merged in Google Trends.
  • Knol – write authoritative articles related to various topics. Discontinued October 1.[61]
  • Google Wave – online communication and collaborative real-time editor tool. Support ended on April 30, 2012.[61]
  • Picnik – online photo editor. Discontinued on April 19,[62] moved to Google+ photo manager.
  • Jaikusocial networking, microblogging and lifestreaming service comparable to Twitter.
  • Nexus Qdigital media player. Discontinued in November.
  • – Discontinued on March 6.[63]
  • Google Mini – reduced capacity, lower-cost version of the Google Search Appliance. Discontinued on July 31.[64]
  • Picasa Web Albums Uploader – upload images to the "Picasa Web Albums" service. It consisted of an iPhoto plug-in and a stand-alone application.[65]
  • Google Chart API - interactive Web-based chart image generator, deprecated in 2012 with service commitment to 2015 and still serving as of 2017. Google promotes JavaScript-based Google Charts as a replacement, which is not backwards-compatible with the Google Chart API's HTTP methods.
  • Listen – subscribe to and stream podcasts and Web audio. Discontinued in August.[66]
  • BumpTop – physics-based desktop application. Discontinued in August.[67]
  • Google Refine – data cleansing and processing. It was spun off from Google on October 2, becoming open source; it is now OpenRefine.


  • Google Cloud ConnectMicrosoft Office plugin for automatically backing up Office documents upon saving onto Google Docs. Discontinued on April 30, in favor of Google Drive.[68]
  • Google Building Maker – web-based building and editing tool to create 3D buildings for Google Earth. Discontinued on June 4.
  • Google Calendar Sync – sync Microsoft Outlook email and calendar with Gmail and Google Calendar. Synchronization for existing installations stopped on August 1, 2014. Replaced with Google Sync, which does not synchronize Outlook calendars, but can sync email using IMAP or POP3. Also, Google Apps for Business, Education, and Government customers can use Google Apps Sync for Microsoft Outlook [69]
  • Meebo – A social networking website discontinued on June 6
  • Google Reader – web-based news aggregator, capable of reading Atom and RSS feeds. Discontinued on July 1.[68]
  • Google Latitude – mobile geolocation tool that lets friends know where users are. Discontinued on August 9, with some functionality moved to Google+.[70]
  • Google Talk – instant messaging service that provided both text and voice communication. Replaced May 15, by Google Hangouts.
  • SMS – mobile phone short message service. Discontinued on May 10.[71]
  • iGoogle – customisable homepage, which can contain web feeds and Google Gadgets. Discontinued on November 1.[72]
  • Google Checkout – online payment processing service, aimed at simplifying the process of paying for online purchases. Discontinued on November 20, merged into Google Wallet.
  • My Maps, GIS tools for Google Maps


  • Google Schemer – social search to find local activities. Discontinued on February 7.
  • Google Notifier – alerted users to new messages in their Gmail account. Discontinued on January 31.[73]
  • YouTube My Speed. Discontinued in January, replaced by Google Video Quality Report.
  • Orkut – social networking website. Discontinued on September 30.
  • Quickoffice – productivity suite for mobile devices. Discontinued in June, merged into Google Drive.
  • Google's "discussion search" option. Discontinued in July.[74]
  • Google Questions and Answers – community-driven knowledge market website. Discontinued on December 1.[75][76]


  • Google Moderator – rank user-submitted questions, suggestions and ideas via crowdsourcing.[77] Discontinued on June 30.
  • Wildfire by Google – social media marketing software[78]
  • BebaPay – prepaid ticket payment system. Discontinued on March 15.[79]
  • Google Helpouts – Hangout-based live video chat with experts. Discontinued on April 20.[80]
  • Google Earth Enterprise – Google Earth for enterprise use. Discontinued on March 20.
  • Google Earth Plugin – customize Google Earth. Discontinued on December 15.


  • Google Code – Open source code hosting. Discontinued on January 25.[81]
  • Picasa – photo organization and editing application. Replaced by Google Photos.[82]
  • Google Compare – comparison-shopping site for auto insurance, credit cards and mortgages[83]
  • Google Showtimes – move showtime search engine. Discontinued on November 1.[84]
  • MyTracks – GPS logging[85]
  • Project Ara – an "initiative to build a phone with interchangeable modules for various components like cameras and batteries"[86] was suspended to "streamline the company's seemingly disorganized product lineup".[87] on September 2.
  • Panoramiogeolocation-oriented photo sharing website. Discontinued on November 4.[88] Google's Local Guides program as well as photo upload tools in Google Maps rendered Panoramio redundant.
  • Google Feed API – download public Atom or RSS feeds using JavaScript. Deactivated on December 15.[89]
  • Google Maps Engine – develop geospatial applications. Discontinued February 1.
  • Google Swiffy – convert Adobe Flash files (SWF) into HTML5. Discontinued July 1.
  • Google Nexus - Smartphone lineup - replaced by Google Pixel on October 4


  • Free Search – embed site/web search into a user's website. Replaced by Google Custom Search.[90]
  • Google Hands Free - retail checkout without using your phone or watch. Pilot started in the Bay area March 2016, but discontinued on February 8.[91]
  • Google Spaces – group discussions and messaging. Discontinued on April 17.[92]
  • Google Map Maker – map editor with browser interface. Discontinued on April 1, replaced by Google Maps and Google Local Guides.
  • Trendalyzer – data trend viewing platform. Discontinued in September.[93]


  • Blogger Web Comments (Firefox only) – displays related comments from other Blogger users.
  • City Tours – overlay to Maps that shows interesting tours within a city
  • Dashboard Widgets for Mac (Mac OS X Dashboard Widgets) – suite of mini-applications including Gmail, Blogger and Search History.
  • Joga Bonito – soccer community site.
  • Local – Local listings service, merged with Google Maps.
  • MK-14 – 4U rack mounted server for Google Radio Automation system. Google sold its Google Radio Automation business to WideOrbit Inc.[94]
  • Google Music Trends – music ranking of songs played with iTunes, Winamp, Windows Media Player and Yahoo Music. Trends were generated by Google Talk's "share your music status" feature.
  • Personalized Search – search results personalization, merged with Google Accounts and Web History.
  • Photos Screensaver – slideshow screensaver as part of Google Pack, which displays images sourced from a hard disk, or through RSS and Atom Web feeds.
  • Rebang (Google China) – search trend site, similar to Google Zeitgeist. As of 2010, part of Google Labs.[95][96]
  • Spreadsheets – spreadsheet management application, before it was integrated with Writely to form Google Docs & Spreadsheets.
  • University Search – search engine listing for university websites.
  • U.S. Government Search – search engine and personalized homepage that exclusively draws from sites with a .gov TLD. Discontinued June 2006.
  • Video Player – view videos from Google Video.
  • Voice Search – automated voice system for web search using the telephone. Became Google Voice Local Search and integrated on the Google Mobile web site.
  • Google X – redesigned Google search homepage. It appeared in Google Labs, but disappeared the following day for undisclosed reasons.[97]
  • Accessible Search – search engine for the visually impaired.
  • Quick Search Box – search box, based on Quicksilver, easing access to installed applications and online searches.
  • Visigami – image search application screen saver that searches files from Google Images, Picasa and Flickr.
  • Wireless accessVPN client for Google WiFi users, whose equipment does not support WPA or 802.1x protocols.
  • Google global market finder


  • YouTube Annotations – annotations that were displayed over videos on YouTube. On January 15, all existing annotations were removed from YouTube.[98]

Scheduled to be discontinued

Applications that are no longer in development, and scheduled to be discontinued in the future:

  • Google Search Appliance – A rack mounted device used to index documents. End of hardware sales in 2017 and planned shutdown in 2018.[49]- with final shutdown in 2019.[99]
  • Google Portfolios – Personal financial securities tracker. Deprecated in November 2017.[100]
  • – a URL shortening service. Started to turn down support on March 30, 2018 and is planned to be discontinued by March 30, 2019.[101]
  • Inbox by Gmail – an email application for Android, iOS, and web platform that organizes and automates to-do lists using email content. Planned to be discontinued by March 2019.[102]
  • Google+ – The consumer edition of Google's social media platform will be closing on April 2, 2019.[103][104]
  • Google Allo – Google's instant messaging app. Planned to be closing in March 2019.[105]
  • Google Fusion Tables – A service for managing and visualizing data. The service will be shut down on December 3, 2019.[106]

See also


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External links


Google AdSense is a program run by Google that allows publishers in the Google Network of content sites to serve automatic text, image, video, or interactive media advertisements, that are targeted to site content and audience. These advertisements are administered, sorted, and maintained by Google. They can generate revenue on either a per-click or per-impression basis. Google beta-tested a cost-per-action service, but discontinued it in October 2008 in favor of a DoubleClick offering (also owned by Google). In Q1 2014, Google earned US $3.4 billion ($13.6 billion annualized), or 22% of total revenue, through Google AdSense. AdSense is a participant in the AdChoices program, so AdSense ads typically include the triangle-shaped AdChoices icon. This program also operates on HTTP cookies. Over 11.1 million websites use AdSense.

Alphabet Inc.

Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mountain View, California. It was created through a corporate restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, and became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries. The two founders of Google assumed executive roles in the new company, with Larry Page serving as CEO and Sergey Brin as president.Alphabet's portfolio encompasses several industries, including technology, life sciences, investment capital, and research. Some of its subsidiaries include Google, Calico, Chronicle, GV, CapitalG, Verily, Waymo, X, Loon and Google Fiber. Some of the subsidiaries of Alphabet have altered their names since leaving Google and becoming part of the new parent company—Google Ventures becoming GV, Google Life Sciences becoming Verily and Google X becoming just X. Following the restructuring, Page became CEO of Alphabet and Sundar Pichai took his position as CEO of Google. Shares of Google's stock have been converted into Alphabet stock, which trade under Google's former ticker symbols of "GOOG" and "GOOGL". As of 2018, Alphabet is ranked No. 22 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.The establishment of Alphabet was prompted by a desire to make the core Google Internet services business "cleaner and more accountable" while allowing greater autonomy to group companies that operate in businesses other than Internet services.

Blogger (service)

Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries. It was developed by Pyra Labs, which was bought by Google in 2003. The blogs are hosted by Google and generally accessed from a subdomain of Blogs can also be served from a custom domain owned by the user (like by using DNS facilities to direct a domain to Google's servers. A user can have up to 100 blogs per account.Up until May 1, 2010, Blogger also allowed users to publish blogs to their own web hosting server, via FTP. All such blogs had to be changed to either use a subdomain, or point their own domain to Google's servers through DNS.


Gmail is a free email service developed by Google. Users can access Gmail on the web and using third-party programs that synchronize email content through POP or IMAP protocols. Gmail started as a limited beta release on April 1, 2004 and ended its testing phase on July 7, 2009.

At launch, Gmail had an initial storage capacity offer of one gigabyte per user, a significantly higher amount than competitors offered at the time. Today, the service comes with 15 gigabytes of storage. Users can receive emails up to 50 megabytes in size, including attachments, while they can send emails up to 25 megabytes. In order to send larger files, users can insert files from Google Drive into the message. Gmail has a search-oriented interface and a "conversation view" similar to an Internet forum. The service is notable among website developers for its early adoption of Ajax.

Google's mail servers automatically scan emails for multiple purposes, including to filter spam and malware, and to add context-sensitive advertisements next to emails. This advertising practice has been significantly criticized by privacy advocates due to concerns over unlimited data retention, ease of monitoring by third parties, users of other email providers not having agreed to the policy upon sending emails to Gmail addresses, and the potential for Google to change its policies to further decrease privacy by combining information with other Google data usage. The company has been the subject of lawsuits concerning the issues. Google has stated that email users must "necessarily expect" their emails to be subject to automated processing and claims that the service refrains from displaying ads next to potentially sensitive messages, such as those mentioning race, religion, sexual orientation, health, or financial statements. In June 2017, Google announced the upcoming end to the use of contextual Gmail content for advertising purposes, relying instead on data gathered from the use of its other services.By February 2016, Gmail had one billion active users worldwide.


Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple and Facebook.Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock. They incorporated Google as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the Googleplex. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.

The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (Google Search). It offers services designed for work and productivity (Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides), email (Gmail/Inbox), scheduling and time management (Google Calendar), cloud storage (Google Drive), social networking (Google+), instant messaging and video chat (Google Allo, Duo, Hangouts), language translation (Google Translate), mapping and navigation (Google Maps, Waze, Google Earth, Street View), video sharing (YouTube), note-taking (Google Keep), and photo organizing and editing (Google Photos). The company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its Nexus devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the Google Pixel smartphone, Google Home smart speaker, Google Wifi mesh wireless router, and Google Daydream virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (Google Fiber, Project Fi, and Google Station) is the most visited website in the world. Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including YouTube and Blogger. Google is the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017, but has received significant criticism involving issues such as privacy concerns, tax avoidance, antitrust, censorship, and search neutrality. Google's mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful", and its unofficial slogan was "Don't be evil" until the phrase was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018.

Google Contributor

Google Contributor is a program run by Google that allows users in the Google Network of content sites to view the websites without any advertisements that are administered, sorted, and maintained by Google.

The program started with prominent websites, like The Onion and Mashable among others, to test this service. After November 2015, the program opened up to any publisher who displayed ads on their websites through Google AdSense without requiring any sign-on from publishers.

After November 2015, the program was available for everyone in the United States. Google Contributor stopped accepting new registrations after December 2016 in preparation for a new version launch in early 2017. On January 17, Google Contributor was shut down, with the landing page stating "We're launching a new and improved Contributor in early 2017!"In June 2017, the new Google Contributor was launched.

Google Dictionary

Google Dictionary is an online dictionary service of Google that can be accessed by using the "define" operator and other similar phrases in Google Search. It is also available in Google Translate and in the form of an extension for Google Chrome. The dictionary content is licensed from Oxford University Press's It is available in different languages such as English, Spanish and French. The service also contains pronunciation audio, Google Translate, word origin chart, Ngram Viewer, and word games among other features for the English language version. Originally available as a standalone service it was integrated into Google Search with the separate service being discontinued in August 2011.

Microsoft's Bing also provides a similar dictionary service which licences dictionary data from Oxford Dictionaries as well. Apple also licences dictionary data from Oxford for its iOS and macOS products.

Google File System

Google File System (GFS or GoogleFS) is a proprietary distributed file system developed by Google to provide efficient, reliable access to data using large clusters of commodity hardware. A new version of Google File System code named Colossus was released in 2010.

Google News

Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by Google. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web.

A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006. The initial idea was developed by Krishna Bharat.

Google News Archive

Google News Archive is an extension of Google News providing free access to scanned archives of newspapers and links to other newspaper archives on the web, both free and paid.

Some of the news archives date back to 18th century. There is a timeline view available, to select news from various years.

Google Nexus

Google Nexus is a line of consumer electronic devices that run the Android operating system. Google manages the design, development, marketing, and support of these devices, but some development and all manufacturing are carried out by partnering with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The line has also included tablets and streaming media players, though neither type of device is currently available. The most recent tablet was the Nexus 9 (made with HTC), and the most recent streaming media player the Nexus Player (made with Asus).

Devices in the Nexus line were considered Google's flagship Android products. They contain little to no manufacturer or wireless carrier modifications to Android (such as custom user interfaces), although devices sold through carriers may be SIM locked and may bear some extra branding. Nexus 6 devices sold through AT&T, for example, are SIM locked and feature a custom boot splash screen and a logo on the back of the device, despite having otherwise identical hardware to the unlocked variant. The Verizon Galaxy Nexus featured a Verizon logo on the back and received software updates at a slower pace than the unlocked variant, though it featured different hardware to accommodate Verizon's CDMA network. All Nexus devices feature an unlockable bootloader to allow further development and end-user modification. Nexus devices are often among the first Android devices to receive updates to the operating system.With the expansion of the Google Pixel product line in late 2016, Google stated that they "don’t want to close a door completely, but there is no plan right now to do more Nexus devices." In 2017 Google partnered with HMD Global in making new Nokia phones, which have been considered by some as a revival of Nexus.

Google Pixel

Google Pixel is a line of consumer electronic devices developed by Google that run either Chrome OS or the Android operating system. The Pixel brand was introduced in February 2013 with the first-generation Chromebook Pixel. The Pixel line includes laptops, tablets, and smartphones, as well as several accessories.

Google Squared

Google Squared was an information extraction and relationship extraction product from Google. It was announced on May 12, 2009 in response to the launch of Wolfram Alpha and was launched on Google Labs on June 3, 2009. As part of the phasing out of Google Labs, Google Squared was shut down on September 5, 2011.Squared was developed at Google's New York office. It was the first significant effort by Google to understand information on the web and present it in new ways.Google Squared extracted structured data from across the web and presented its results in spreadsheet-like format. Each search query returned a table of search results which has its own set of columns - common attributes that are associated with the topic of a search. Nathania Johnson of Search Engine Watch described Squared as "quite possibly ... one of Google's significant achievements".Google Squared is also the name used by an online digital marketing course Developed by Google with its partners.

Google Station

Google Station is a Google service that allows partners to roll out Wi-Fi hotspots in public places by providing software and advice on hardware to turn fiber connections into Wi-Fi. It was only implemented in India and Indonesia but in March 2018, the service was launched in Mexico too, and the company plans on rolling it out in other countries as well.

Google Translate

Google Translate is a free multilingual machine translation service developed by Google, to translate text. It offers a website interface, mobile apps for Android and iOS, and an API that helps developers build browser extensions and software applications. Google Translate supports over 100 languages at various levels and as of May 2017, serves over 500 million people daily.

Launched in April 2006 as a statistical machine translation service, it used United Nations and European Parliament transcripts to gather linguistic data. Rather than translating languages directly, it first translates text to English and then to the target language. During a translation, it looks for patterns in millions of documents to help decide on the best translation. Its accuracy has been criticized and ridiculed on several occasions. In November 2016, Google announced that Google Translate would switch to a neural machine translation engine - Google Neural Machine Translation (GNMT) - which translates "whole sentences at a time, rather than just piece by piece. It uses this broader context to help it figure out the most relevant translation, which it then rearranges and adjusts to be more like a human speaking with proper grammar". Originally only enabled for a few languages in 2016, GNMT is gradually being used for more languages.

Lists of mobile computers

Lists of mobile computers

By product type:

Comparison of tablet computers

Comparison of smartphones

Comparison of e-readersLists that include currently available products:

List of open-source mobile phonesComparison of iOS devicesMobile computers running Android:

List of BlackBerry products

List of Google products

List of Huawei phones

Comparison of HTC devices

List of LG mobile phones

Microsoft Surface tablets

Motorola Moto

List of Nokia products

Oppo phones

Samsung Galaxy phones and tablets

List of Sony Ericsson products

Comparison of Symbian devices

Products of XiaomiLists without any current products:

Comparison of Firefox OS devices

List of Palm OS devices

List of Pocket PC Devices

List of Windows Phone 8.1 devices

List of Windows Phone 8 devices

List of Windows Phone 7 devices

List of Windows Mobile devices


Picasa is a discontinued image organizer and image viewer for organizing and editing digital photos, plus an integrated photo-sharing website, originally created by a company named Lifescape (which at that time was incubated by Idealab) in 2002. In July 2004, Google acquired Picasa from Lifescape and began offering it as freeware. "Picasa" is a blend of the name of Spanish painter Pablo Picasso, the phrase mi casa (Spanish for "my house") and "pic" for pictures.Native applications for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Mac OS X (Intel only) were available from Google. For Linux, Google bundled Wine with the Windows version to create an installation package. For Mac OS X 10.4 and later, Google also released an iPhoto plugin and a standalone program for uploading photos.

On February 12, 2016, Google announced it was discontinuing support for Picasa Desktop and Web Albums, effective March 15, 2016, and focusing on the cloud-based Google Photos as its successor. Picasa Web Albums, a companion service, was closed on May 1, 2016.

Sundar Pichai

Pichai Sundararajan (born July 12, 1972), also known as Sundar Pichai(), is an Indian-American business executive. He is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Google LLC. Formerly the Product Chief of Google, Pichai's current role was announced on August 10, 2015, as part of the restructuring process that made Alphabet Inc. into Google's parent company, and he assumed the position on October 2, 2015.


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