The following is a list of Formula One constructors. In Formula One motor racing, constructors are people or corporate entities which design key parts of Formula One cars that have competed or are intended to compete in the FIA World Championship. Since 1981, it has been a requirement that each competitor must have the exclusive rights to the use of certain key parts of their car – in 2018, these parts were the survival cell, the front impact structure, the roll structures and bodywork. However, one key part that is not covered under this requirement is the power unit.
In Formula One racing the terms "constructor" and "entrant" have specific and differing meanings. An entrant is the person or corporate entity that registers a car and driver for a race, and is then responsible for preparing and maintaining that car during the race weekend. As a result of this preparation role and active involvement in the running of the race, the term "team" has become commonly applied to an entrant organisation.
Under Article 6.3 of the FIA Sporting Regulations, "A constructor is the person (including any corporate or unincorporated body) which designs the Listed Parts set out in Appendix 6". These "listed parts" include the survival cell, the front impact structure, the roll structures and bodywork.
Under article 6.2 of the FIA sporting regulations, "The title of Formula One World Champion Constructor will be awarded to the competitor which has scored the highest number of points". Up until the 1979 season, most seasons saw only the highest-scoring driver in each race for each constructor contributing points towards the World Constructors' Championship, but the current rules state that points from both cars entered by each constructor will count towards their championship total.
Constructors may choose to build their own engines, but this is not a requirement and many choose to run an engine made by a fellow constructor, or by a company that isn't currently a constructor in Formula 1 – for more information on power units and engines, see Formula One engines.
Since the 1981 season the FIA have required that Formula One entrants own the intellectual rights to the chassis that they enter, and so the terms "entrant" and "constructor", and hence also "team", have become synonymous.
Before this time, constructors were free to sell their chassis to as many other teams as they liked. Brabham and Lotus chassis were used extensively by other teams during the 1960s and 1970s and several quite competitive teams never built their own chassis. Rob Walker Racing Team was the most successful example, being responsible for the first victories in Formula One for both Cooper and Lotus. The concept of a "works" or "factory" team (i.e. the official team of the company producing the cars, as opposed to a customer team which buys them off the shelf) therefore applied to chassis in the same way as it does in rallying and sports car racing.
There have been some recent exceptions where a specialist company, not itself entered in the championship, has been commissioned to design and build a chassis for a team; Lola built cars for Larrousse and Scuderia Italia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, for example. Larousse had their points from the 1990 season erased after the FIA decided that they had falsely nominated themselves and not Lola as the chassis constructor. In 1978, the new Arrows team which had been established by former Shadow personnel was sued by Shadow on the grounds that the Arrows FA/1 car was a copy of Shadow's DN9 – a view upheld by the UK High Court, which placed a ban on Arrows racing the FA/1.
There have been more recent cases with Ligier (1995), Sauber (2004), Scuderia Toro Rosso (2006 & 2007) and Super Aguri (2007 & 2008) where teams have been accused of using a chassis produced by another constructor (respectively Benetton, Ferrari, Red Bull Racing and Honda). No action was taken against any of these teams, the sporting authorities being satisfied in each case that the team owned the intellectual property to the chassis they raced.
From the middle of the 1973 season until the end of the 2013 season, each team had permanent racing numbers from race to race throughout the season. (Since 2014, racing numbers have been assigned to drivers instead of teams). Since the 1985 season the FIA have required that teams enter no more than two cars for a race.
Unlike drivers who are required to compete in the FIA Formula One World Championship under the nationality of their passport, the FIA's International Sporting Code states that teams competing in the FIA Formula One World Championship shall compete under the nationality of their parent National Automobile Club that issued their FIA racing licence. On the basis of this regulation, despite the fact that most current teams are based in the UK, this country is officially represented in Formula One only by teams holding a racing licence issued by the British National Sporting Authority. Teams take the nationality of their parent National Automobile Club that issued their licence for the period of validity of that licence and the change of the nationality is allowed. Several teams changed their nationality during their competition in Formula One (e.g. Shadow in 1976 from American to British, Benetton in 1996 from British to Italian, Red Bull in 2007 from British to Austrian, Renault in 2011 from French to British). Benetton is the only team to have achieved victories while racing under two different nationalities. Between 1950 and 1968 team's nationality determined the colour of a car entered by the team; thus, Italian teams' cars were rosso corsa red, French were bleu de France blue, and British (with several exceptions, such as Rob Walker, Brabham and McLaren) were British racing green.
Relating to the team's nationality because of teams' bases in Britain several mistakes occurred on official entry lists issued by or podium ceremonies organized by the FIA or race organisers, e.g. Wolf holding the Canadian nationality and Shadow (in 1973) and Penske holding the American nationality all identified as the British by official entry lists, or the British national anthem played on the podium in honour of the winning Jordan and Red Bull (in 2009) holding the Irish and Austrian nationality respectively.
Key: Races Entered = Number of individual races entered; Races Started = Number of individual races started; Drivers = Number of drivers; Total Entries = Total number of race entries; Wins = Number of races won; Points = Number of World Constructors' Championship points scored; Poles = Number of pole positions; FL = Number of fastest laps; Podiums = Number of podium finishes; WCC = World Constructors' Championships won; WDC = World Drivers' Championships won.
|Constructor||Engine||Licensed in||Based in||Seasons||Races Entered||Races Started||Drivers||Total Entries||Wins||Points||Poles||FL||Podiums||WCC||WDC||First Grand Prix||Antecedent teams|
|Alfa Romeo||Ferrari||Switzerland[n 1]|| Italy[n 2]
|120||120||20||257||10||76||12||14||26||0||2||1950 British||/ BMW Sauber (2006–2010) Sauber (1993-2005),(2011-2018)|
|Haas||Ferrari||United States|| United States
|McLaren||Renault||United Kingdom||United Kingdom||1966–present||856||852||50||1781||182||5268.5||155||155||485||8||12||1966 Monaco|
|Mercedes||Mercedes||Germany|| Germany[n 3]
|199||199||11||410||96||4780||108||70||197||5||7||1954 French||Tyrrell (1968–1998), BAR (1999–2005), Honda (2006–2008), Brawn (2009)|
|Racing Point||BWT Mercedes||United Kingdom||United Kingdom||2019–present||10||10||2||20||0||19||0||0||0||0||0||2019 Australian||Jordan (1991–2005), Midland (2006), Spyker (2007), Force India (2008–2018), Racing Point Force India (2018)|
|Red Bull Racing||Honda||Austria[n 4]||United Kingdom||2005–present||276||275||10||550||60||4498.5||60||63||163||4||4||2005 Australian||Stewart (1997–1999), Jaguar (2000–2004)|
|Renault||Renault||France[n 5]|| France[n 6]
|375||372||25||732||35||1544||51||31||100||2||2||1977 British||Toleman (1981–1985), / Benetton (1986–2001), Lotus (2012–2015)|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso||Honda||Italy||Italy||2006–present||257||257||14||514||1||434||1||1||1||0||0||2006 Bahrain||Minardi (1985–2005)|
|Williams||Mercedes||United Kingdom||United Kingdom||1978–present||709||708||42||1337||114||3560||128||133||312||9||7||1978 Argentine|
Key: Races Entered = Number of individual races entered; Races Started = Number of individual races started; Drivers = Number of drivers; Total Entries = Total number of race entries; Wins = Number of races won; Points = Number of Constructors' Championship points scored; Poles = Number of pole positions; FL = Number of fastest laps; Podiums. = Number of podium finishes; WCC = Constructors' Championships won; WDC = Drivers' Championships won.
|Constructor||Licensed in||Seasons||Races Entered||Races Started||Drivers||Total Entries||Wins||Points||Poles||FL||Podiums||WCC||WDC||First Grand Prix||Last Grand Prix|
|Alex von Falkenhausen Motorenbau||Germany||1952–1953[n 7]||4||4||6||9||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1952 Swiss||1953 Italian|
|Automobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives||France||1986–1991||80||32||10||124||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||1986 Italian||1991 Monaco|
|Alta||United Kingdom||1950–1952[n 8]||5||5||4||6||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1950 British||1952 British|
|Amon||New Zealand||1974||4||1||2||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1974 Spanish||1974 Italian|
|Andrea Moda||Italy||1992||12||1||4||16||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1992 S. African||1992 Italian|
|Apollon||Switzerland||1977||5||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1977 Italian||1977 Italian|
|Arrows[n 9]||United Kingdom||1978–2002||394||383||36||783||0||167||1||0||8||0||0||1978 Brazilian||2002 German|
|Arzani-Volpini||Italy||1955||1||0||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1955 Italian||1955 Italian|
|Aston Butterworth||United Kingdom||1952||4||1||2||4||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1952 Belgian||1952 Italian|
|Aston Martin||United Kingdom||1959–1960||6||5||3||11||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1959 Dutch||1960 British|
|Automobili Turismo e Sport||Italy||1963[n 10]||5||5||2||10||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1963 Belgian||1963 Mexican|
|ATS (Auto Technisches Spezialzubehör)||Germany||1977–1984||107||89||15||146||0||7||0||0||0||0||0||1978 Argentine||1984 Portuguese|
|British American Racing[n 11]||United Kingdom||1999–2005||118||116||7||236||0||227||2||0||15||0||0||1999 Australian||2005 Chinese|
|Behra-Porsche||Germany||1959–1960||4||2||4||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1960 Argentine||1960 Monaco|
|Bellasi||Switzerland||1970–1971||6||2||1||6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1970 Dutch||1971 Italian|
|Benetton[n 12]||United Kingdom / Italy[n 13]||1986–2001||260||260||17||520||27||851.5||15||36||102||1||2||1986 Brazilian||2001 Japanese|
|Boro||Netherlands||1976–1977||8||6||4||8||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1976 Spanish||1977 Italian|
|Brabham||United Kingdom||1962–1987, 1989–1992||403||394||39||995||35||843||39||42||124||2||4||1962 German||1992 Hungarian|
|Brawn GP||United Kingdom||2009||17||17||2||34||8||172||5||4||15||1||1||2009 Australian||2009 Abu Dhabi|
|British Racing Motors||United Kingdom||1951, 1956–1977||208||197||71||559||17||385||11||15||61||1||1||1951 British||1977 Italian|
|British Racing Partnership||United Kingdom||1963–1964||13||13||2||19||0||11||0||0||0||0||0||1963 Belgian||1964 Mexican|
|Bugatti||France||1956||1||1||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1956 French||1956 French|
|Caterham||Malaysia||2012–2014||56||56||8||112||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2012 Australian||2014 Abu Dhabi|
|Cisitalia||Italy||1952||1||0||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1952 Italian||1952 Italian|
|Coloni[n 14]||Italy||1987–1991||65||13||8||81||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1987 Italian||1991 Australian|
|Connaught||United Kingdom||1952–1959||18||17||29||52||0||0[n 15]||0||0||1||0||0||1952 British||1959 United States|
|Connew||United Kingdom||1972||2||1||1||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1972 British||1972 Austrian|
|Cooper Car Company||United Kingdom||1950, 1952–1969||129||129||111||528||16||301||11||14||58||2||2||1950 Monaco||1969 Monaco|
|Dallara||Italy||1988–1992||80||78||6||144||0||15||0||0||2||0||0||1988 Brazilian||1992 Australian|
|Derrington-Francis||United Kingdom||1964||1||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1964 Italian||1964 Italian|
|Peter de Klerk||South Africa||1963, 1965||2||2||1||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1963 South African||1965 South African|
|De Tomaso||Italy||1961–1963, 1970||15||10||8||18||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1961 French||1970 United States|
|Eagle (Anglo American Racers)||United States||1966–1969||26||26||7||35||1||17||0||2||2||0||0||1966 Belgian||1969 Canadian|
|Eifelland||Germany||1972||8||8||1||8||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1972 South African||1972 Austrian|
|Emeryson||United Kingdom||1956, 1961–1962||6||4||6||7||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1956 British||1962 Italian|
|Eisenacher Motorenwerk||East Germany||1953||1||1||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1953 German||1953 German|
|Ecurie Nationale Belge||Belgium||1962||1||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1962 German||1962 German|
|Ensign||United Kingdom||1973–1982||134||98||25||154||0||19||0||1||0||0||0||1973 French||1982 Caesars Palace|
|English Racing Automobiles||United Kingdom||1950–1952||7||7||7||12||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1950 British||1952 Dutch|
|EuroBrun||Italy / Switzerland||1988–1990||46||15||5||76||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1988 Brazilian||1990 Spanish|
|Ferguson Research Ltd.||United Kingdom||1961||1||1||2||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1961 British||1961 British|
|Fittipaldi Automotive (Copersucar)||Brazil ||1975–1982||120||103||8||156||0||44||0||0||3||0||0||1975 Argentine||1982 Caesars Palace|
|Fondmetal||Italy||1991–1992||29||19||4||42||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1991 United States||1992 Italian|
|Force India[n 16] (Sahara)||India||2008–2018||203||203||7||406||0||987||1||5||6||0||0||2008 Australian||2018 Hungarian|
|Forti||Italy||1995–1996||28||23||4||54||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1995 Brazilian||1996 British|
|Frank Williams Racing Cars[n 17]||United Kingdom||1972–1976||61||56||25||112||0||6||0||0||0||0||0||1972 British||1976 Japanese|
|Frazer-Nash||United Kingdom||1952||4||4||2||4||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1952 Swiss||1952 Dutch|
|Fry||United Kingdom||1959||1||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1959 British||1959 British|
|Gilby Engineering||United Kingdom||1961–1963||6||3||2||6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1961 British||1963 Italian|
|Gordini||France||1952–1956||33||33||23||101||0||n/a||0||1||2||n/a||0||1952 Swiss||1956 Italian|
|Greifzu||East Germany||1953||1||1||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1953 German||1953 German|
|Hesketh||United Kingdom||1974–1978||60||52||15||97||1||48||0||1||7||0||0||1974 South African||1978 Belgian|
|Hill||United Kingdom||1975||11||10||6||21||0||3||0||0||0||0||0||1975 South African||1975 United States|
|HRT (Hispania Racing Team)||Spain||2010–2012||58||56||8||116||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2010 Bahrain||2012 Brazilian|
|88||88||8||154||3||154||2||2||9||0||0||1964 German||2008 Brazilian|
|HWM (Hersham and Walton Motors)||United Kingdom||1951–1955||16||14||15||48||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1951 Swiss||1955 Monaco|
|Jaguar[n 18]||United Kingdom||2000–2004||85||85||8||170||0||49||0||0||2||0||0||2000 Australian||2004 Brazilian|
|JBW||United Kingdom||1959–1961||6||5||1||6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1959 British||1961 Italian|
|Jordan[n 19]||Ireland||1991–2005||250||250||30||500||4||291||2||2||19||0||0||1991 United States||2005 Chinese|
|Kauhsen||Germany||1979||2||0||1||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1979 Spanish||1979 Belgian|
|Klenk||Germany||1954||1||1||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1954 German||1954 German|
|Kojima||Japan||1976–1977||2||2||3||3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1976 Japanese||1977 Japanese|
|Kurtis||United States||1959||12||12||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1959 United States||1959 United States|
|Lambo (Modena Team)||Italy||1991||16||6||2||32||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1991 United States||1991 Australian|
|Lancia||Italy||1954–1955||4||4||4||10||0||n/a||2||1||1||n/a||0||1954 Spanish||1955 Belgian|
|Larrousse||France||1993–1994||32||32||7||64||0||5||0||0||0||0||0||1993 South African||1994 Australian|
|LDS||South Africa||1962–1963, 1965, 1967–1968||5||5||3||8||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1962 South African||1968 South African|
|LEC||United Kingdom||1977||5||3||1||5||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1977 Spanish||1977 British|
|Leyton House[n 20]||United Kingdom||1990–1991||32||30||3||64||0||8||0||0||1||0||0||1990 United States||1991 Australian|
|Life||Italy||1990||14||0||2||14||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1990 United States||1990 Spanish|
|Ligier[n 21]||France||1976–1996||332||326||28||612||9||388||9||10||50||0||0||1976 Brazilian||1996 Japanese|
|Lola[n 22]||United Kingdom||1962–1963, 1967–1968, 1974–1975, 1985–1991, 1993, 1997||152||146||27||280||0||45||1||0||3||0||0||1962 Dutch||1997 Australian|
|Lotus (1958–1994)||United Kingdom||1958–1994||491||489||122||1332||79||1332||107||70||172||7||6||1958 Monaco||1994 Australian|
|Lotus (2010–2011)||Malaysia||2010–2011||38||38||3||76||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2010 Bahrain||2011 Brazilian|
|Lotus (2012–2015)||United Kingdom||2012–2015||77||77||5||154||2||706||0||5||25||0||0||2012 Australian||2015 Abu Dhabi|
|Lyncar||United Kingdom||1974–1975||2||1||1||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1974 British||1975 British|
|Maki||Japan||1974–1976||8||0||3||8||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1974 British||1976 Japanese|
|Manor||United Kingdom||2016||21||21||3||42||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||2016 Australian||2016 Abu Dhabi|
|March[n 23]||United Kingdom||1970–1977, 1981–1982, 1987–1989, 1992||208||197||54||579||3||172.5||5||7||21||0||0||1970 South African||1992 Australian|
|Martini||France||1978||9||4||1||7||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1978 South African||1978 Dutch|
|Marussia[n 24]||Russia / United Kingdom||2012–2015||74||73||7||144||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||2012 Australian||2015 Abu Dhabi|
|Maserati||Italy||1950–1960||71||68||93||407||9||9||10||17||37||0||2||1950 British||1960 United States|
|Matra||France||1967–1972||61||61||5||117||9||163||4||12||21||1||1||1967 Monaco||1972 United States|
|MBM||Switzerland||1961||1||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1961 German||1961 German|
|McGuire||Australia||1977||1||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1977 British||1977 British|
|Merzario||Italy||1978–1979||31||10||3||32||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1978 Argentine||1979 United States|
|Midland[n 25]||Russia||2006||18||18||2||36||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2006 Bahrain||2006 Brazilian|
|Milano||Italy||1950||1||0||1||1||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1950 Italian||1950 Italian|
|Minardi[n 26]||Italy||1985–2005||346||340||42||676||0||38||0||0||0||0||0||1985 Brazilian||2005 Chinese|
|Onyx||United Kingdom||1989–1990||26||17||6||52||0||6||0||0||1||0||0||1989 Brazilian||1990 Hungarian|
|O.S.C.A.||Italy||1951–1953, 1958||7||4||5||11||0||0||0||0||0||0||1951 Italian||1958 Monaco|
|Osella[n 27]||Italy||1980–1990||172||132||17||253||0||5||0||0||0||0||0||1980 Argentine||1990 Australian|
|Pacific||United Kingdom||1994–1995||33||22||5||66||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1994 Brazilian||1995 Australian|
|Parnelli||United States||1974–1976||16||16||1||16||0||6||0||1||0||0||0||1974 Canadian||1976 US West|
|Penske||United States||1974–1977||41||40||7||46||1||23||0||0||3||0||0||1974 Canadian||1977 Canadian|
|Porsche||Germany||1957–1964||36||33||13||75||1||46||1||0||5||0||0||1957 German||1964 German|
|Prost[n 28]||France||1997–2001||83||83||9||166||0||35||0||0||3||0||0||1997 Australian||2001 Japanese|
|Racing Point Force India[n 29]||United Kingdom||2018||9||9||2||18||0||52||0||0||0||0||0||2018 Belgian||2018 Abu Dhabi||Jordan (1991–2005), Midland (2006), Spyker (2007), Force India (2008–2018)|
|RAM||United Kingdom||1983–1985||44||31||8||73||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1983 Brazilian||1985 European|
|RE||Rhodesia||1965||1||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1965 South African||1965 South African|
|Rebaque||Mexico||1979||3||1||1||3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1979 Italian||1979 United States|
|Rial||Germany||1988–1989||32||21||6||48||0||6||0||0||0||0||0||1988 Brazilian||1989 Australian|
|Sauber/BMW Sauber[n 30]||Switzerland / Germany[n 31]||1993–2018||465||462||30||902||1||865[n 32]||1||5||26||0||0||1993 South African||2018 Abu Dhabi|
|Scarab||United States||1960||5||2||4||10||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1960 Monaco||1960 United States|
|Scirocco||United Kingdom||1963–1964||7||5||3||9||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1963 Belgian||1964 German|
|Shadow||United States / United Kingdom[n 33]||1973–1980||112||103||21||240||1||67.5||3||2||7||0||0||1973 South African||1980 French|
|Shannon||United Kingdom||1966||1||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1966 British||1966 British|
|Simca-Gordini||France||1950–1953||15||14||11||29||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1950 Monaco||1953 Belgian|
|Simtek||United Kingdom||1994–1995||21||21||7||40||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1994 Brazilian||1995 Monaco|
|Spirit||United Kingdom||1983–1985||25||23||3||25||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1983 British||1985 San Marino|
|Spyker[n 34]||Netherlands||2007||17||17||4||34||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||2007 Australian||2007 Brazilian|
|Stebro||Canada||1963||1||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1963 United States||1963 United States|
|Stewart[n 35]||United Kingdom||1997–1999||49||49||4||98||1||47||1||0||5||0||0||1997 Australian||1999 Japanese|
|Super Aguri||Japan||2006–2008||39||39||5||39||0||4||0||0||0||0||0||2006 Bahrain||2008 Spanish|
|Surtees||United Kingdom||1970–1978||119||118||38||260||0||53||0||3||2||0||0||1970 British||1978 Canadian|
|Talbot-Lago||France||1950–1951||13||13||18||81||0||n/a||0||0||2||n/a||0||1950 British||1951 Spanish|
|Tec-Mec||United States||1959||1||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1959 United States||1959 United States|
|Tecno||Italy||1972–1973||12||10||3||14||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||1972 Belgian||1973 Austrian|
|Theodore||Hong Kong||1978, 1981–1983||51||34||10||64||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||1978 Argentine||1983 European|
|Token||United Kingdom||1974||4||3||3||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1974 Belgian||1974 Austrian|
|Toleman[n 36]||United Kingdom||1981–1985||70||53||9||131||0||26||1||2||3||0||0||1981 San Marino||1985 Australian|
|Toyota||Japan||2002–2009||140||139||9||276||0||278.5||3||3||13||0||0||2002 Australian||2009 Abu Dhabi|
|Trojan||United Kingdom||1974||8||6||1||8||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1974 Spanish||1974 Italian|
|Tyrrell[n 37]||United Kingdom||1970–1998||433||430||47||884||23||617||14||20||77||1||2||1970 Canadian||1998 Japanese|
|Vanwall||United Kingdom||1954–1960||29||28||12||66||9||48||7||6||13||1||0||1954 British||1960 French|
|Venturi||France||1992||16||16||2||32||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||1992 South African||1992 Australian|
|Veritas||Germany||1951–1953||6||6||15||18||0||n/a||0||0||0||n/a||0||1951 Swiss||1953 German|
|Virgin[n 38]||United Kingdom / Russia||2010–2011||38||38||3||76||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2010 Bahrain||2011 Brazilian|
|Wolf (Walter Wolf Racing)[n 39]||Canada||1977–1979||48||47||4||54||3||79||1||2||13||0||0||1977 Argentine||1979 United States|
|Zakspeed||Germany||1985–1989||74||54||7||136||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||1985 Portuguese||1989 Australian|
|Constructor||Licensed in||Seasons||Races Entered||Races Started||Drivers||Total Entries||Wins||Points||Poles||FL||Podiums||WCC||WDC||First Grand Prix||Last Grand Prix|
Note: Until 1965 every constructor was licensed in the country where it was really based. In 1965 Japanese constructor Honda moved their team from Tokyo to Amsterdam, Netherlands, followed in 1966 by American constructor Eagle which was based in Rye, East Sussex, UK. Since the early 2000s most constructors have been based in the United Kingdom, but licensed in another country.
Constructors whose only World Championship participation was in the Indianapolis 500 from 1950 to 1960. All were American-based.
The following are teams which never built their own chassis, and thus were not "constructors":
|Privateer team||Number of wins||First win||Last win||Constructor(s)|
|Matra International/Tyrrell Racing||10||1968 Dutch Grand Prix||1970 Spanish Grand Prix||Matra* (9), March** (1)|
|Rob Walker Racing||9||1958 Argentine Grand Prix||1968 British Grand Prix||Cooper** (4), Lotus** (5)|
|FISA||1||1961 French Grand Prix***||1961 French Grand Prix||Ferrari|
* All constructor's wins
** First win for the constructor
*** Team's only championship race
All statistics and other data drawn from:
Benetton Formula Ltd., commonly referred to simply as Benetton, was a Formula One constructor that participated from 1986 to 2001. The team was owned by the Benetton family who run a worldwide chain of clothing stores of the same name. In 2000, the team was purchased by Renault, but competed as Benetton for the 2000 and 2001 seasons. In 2002, the team became Renault F1. The Benetton Formula team was chaired by Alessandro Benetton from 1988 to 1998.Lancia
Lancia (Italian: [ˈlantʃa]) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C.. It became part of the Fiat Group in 1969; the current company, Lancia Automobiles, was established in 2007.
The company has a strong rally heritage and is noted for using letters of the Greek alphabet for its model names.
Lancia vehicles are no longer sold outside Italy and comprise only the Ypsilon supermini range, as the late Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne foreshadowed in January 2014 until his death in 2018.List of Formula One Grand Prix winners (constructors)
Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body. The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and cars must conform. The F1 world championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets, the most famous of which is the Monaco Grand Prix in Monte Carlo. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual World Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.
Ferrari hold the record for the most Grands Prix victories, having won 235 times. McLaren are second with 182 wins, and Williams are third with 114 wins. So far, nine countries have produced winning constructors, apart from six countries regarded as the major competitors, also Canada (Wolf), Ireland (Jordan), and Austria (Red Bull), the three countries without large automotive industry. British constructors have won the most Grands Prix, 15 constructors have won 517 races between them. Italian constructors are second with 255 wins between five constructors. German constructors are third, having won 98 Grands Prix between three constructors. During the first four championship seasons (1950-1953), only Italian constructors won championship races, with the exception of the Indianapolis 500. Five seasons (1973, 1986, 1991, 1992, and 1993) witnessed wins of only British constructors. Since the first win for a British constructor in 1957, British constructors have won races in every season except 2006 and 2014–2019. Only one constructor (Benetton) has achieved victories under two different nationalities.List of Formula One World Constructors' Champions
The Formula One World Constructors' Championship (WCC) is awarded by the FIA to the most successful Formula One constructor over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. The Constructors' Championship was first awarded, as the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, in 1958 to Vanwall.
Constructors' Championship points are calculated by adding points scored in each race by any driver for that constructor. Up until 1979, most seasons saw only the highest-scoring driver in each race for each constructor contributing points towards the Championship. On only ten occasions has the World Constructors' Champion team not contained the World Drivers' Champion for that season.
In the 61 seasons the Championship has been awarded, only 15 different constructors have won it, with Scuderia Ferrari the most successful, with 16 titles including 6 consecutive from 1999 to 2004. Only five countries have produced winning constructors: United Kingdom (33 championships with 10 different constructors), Italy (16 with Ferrari), Germany (5 with Mercedes), Austria (4 with Red Bull) and France (3 with two constructors). However, all German, Austrian and French titles have seen the winning cars designed and built (except Matra in 1969) and run by teams based in the United Kingdom. Among drivers that have contributed with at least a single point to the constructors' title, Michael Schumacher has the unofficial record, having been involved with seven such titles, six of those consecutively with Ferrari. Schumacher won the world drivers' title on six of those seven occasions.List of Formula One records
This is a list of records in the FIA World Championships, since 1950. Bold entries indicate the record-holder has competed in the 2019 season.
This page is accurate as of the 2019 British Grand Prix.Minardi
Minardi was an Italian automobile racing team and constructor founded in Faenza in 1979 by Giancarlo Minardi. It competed in the Formula One World Championship from 1985 until 2005 with little success, nevertheless acquiring a loyal following of fans. In 2001, to save the team from folding, Minardi sold it to Australian businessman Paul Stoddart, who ran the team for five years before selling it on to Red Bull GmbH in 2005 who renamed it Scuderia Toro Rosso. From 2001, all of Minardi chassis are called "PS" then a number, the PS being the initials of team owner, Paul Stoddart.
During its time in F1, the team scored a total of 38 championship points; 16 of these were earned by the team's first driver, Pierluigi Martini. Martini also recorded the team's only front row start, qualifying 2nd at the 1990 United States Grand Prix, and he led a lap during the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix, the only time a Minardi led a lap. The team never achieved a podium finish, only managing three 4th-place finishes: Martini twice in 1991 and Christian Fittipaldi in 1993.
In the 21 seasons, Minardi entered 37 drivers. Thirteen had Italian nationality, the others came with 13 different nationalities (discounting Doornbos racing under a Monaco license in 2005). Martini started in 103 Grands Prix for the team, while Morbidelli and Gené started 33 times.
Before Minardi's demise, the team was a particularly well-liked team within Formula One circles for its friendliness, accessibility, and lack of corporate culture. On the track, their cars were regarded by many as well-designed for their tiny budget, their low position recognised as a result of a lack of funds (and engine power) rather than a poor car. They also resisted employing pay-drivers more than most other financially strapped teams. Former Minardi drivers include double World Champion Fernando Alonso, Grands Prix winners Alessandro Nannini, Giancarlo Fisichella, Jarno Trulli and Mark Webber; CART IndyCar World Series double champion Alex Zanardi and race winners Justin Wilson and Christian Fittipaldi; and 24 Hours of Le Mans overall winners Michele Alboreto and Marc Gené.
Formula One constructors
Although World Championship races held in 1952 and 1953 were run to Formula Two regulations, constructors who only participated during this period are included herein to maintain Championship continuity.
Constructors whose only participation in the World Championship was in the Indianapolis 500 races between 1950 and 1960 are not listed.