List of European dinosaurs

Dinosaurs evolved partway through the Triassic period of the Mesozoic era, around 230 Ma (million years ago). At that time, the earth had one supercontinental landmass, called Pangaea, of which Europe was a part.[1] So it remained throughout the Triassic. By the start of the Jurassic period, some 30 million years later, the supercontinent began to split into Laurasia and Gondwana. The largest inlet from Panthalassa, the superocean that surrounded Pangaea, was called the Tethys Ocean, and as this inlet cut deeper into the supercontinent, much of Europe was flooded.

By the Cretaceous, from 145 to 66 million years ago, the continents were beginning to approach their present shapes, but not their present positions, and Europe remained tropical. At times, it was a chain of island-microcontinents including Baltica and Iberia.

Europe is relatively rich in fossils from the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary, and much of what is known about European dinosaurs dates from this time. During the Maastrichtian the end of the Cretaceous dinosaurs were dominating western and Central Europe as the Tremp Formation in Spain dates back to that age. Examples of dinosaurs from Maastrichtian Europe are Struthiosaurus and Canardia.

Laurasia-Gondwana
The Tethys Ocean splitting Laurasia from Gondwana.

Criteria for inclusion

  • The creature must appear on the List of dinosaur genera.
  • Fossils of the creature must have been found in Europe.
  • This list is a complement to Category:Dinosaurs of Europe.

List of European dinosaurs

Nomen dubium
Invalid
Nomen nudum
Name Period Diet[2] Notes
Aachenosaurus Cretaceous N/A A piece of petrified wood.
Acanthopholis Cretaceous herbivore An ankylosaur.
Adynomosaurus Cretaceous herbivore The first non-avian dinosaur described in 2019.
Aepisaurus Cretaceous herbivore A dubious sauropod.
Agrosaurus Triassic herbivore Mistakenly thought to be from Australia; now considered possibly the same as Thecodontosaurus.
Ajkaceratops Cretaceous herbivore The first definitive ceratopsian from Europe.
Allosaurus Jurassic carnivore European species may be conspecific with the North American species.
Alocodon Jurassic (herbivore) Possibly a neornithischian.
Altispinax Cretaceous carnivore Includes "Becklespinax".
Ampelosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A titanosaur known to possess spike-like osteoderms.
Anoplosaurus Cretaceous herbivore An ankylosaur formerly considered to be an ornithopod.
Aragosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A Camarasaurus-like sauropod from Spain.
Arcovenator Cretaceous carnivore One of the few abelisaurs from the Northern Hemisphere.
Archaeopteryx Jurassic carnivore Possibly a bird.
Arenysaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the last lambeosaurine hadrosaurs.
Aristosuchus Cretaceous carnivore A compsognathid.
Asylosaurus Triassic herbivore/omnivore Similar to Thecodontosaurus; its remains survived bombing during World War II.
Atsinganosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A member of the clade Lirainosaurinae.
Aviatyrannis Jurassic carnivore A tyrannosauroid.
Balaur Cretaceous herbivore/omnivore. Either a bird or a non-avialan theropod.
Barilium Cretaceous herbivore Almost called "Torillion".
Baryonyx Cretaceous carnivore A spinosaurid adapted to catch fish.
Betasuchus Cretaceous carnivore One of the few known non-avian dinosaurs from the Netherlands.
Bihariosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Actually a nomen nudum and invalid.
Blasisaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the last lambeosaurines, together with Arenysaurus.
Bothriospondylus Jurassic herbivore Type species was found in England. Attributed remains from France and Madagascar have been assigned to other genera.
Bradycneme Cretaceous (carnivore) Either a troodontid or alvarezsaur.
Burianosaurus Cretaceous herbivore An ornithopod named after paleoartist Zdenek Burian.
Calamosaurus Cretaceous carnivore A compsognathid.
Calamospondylus Cretaceous (carnivore) Possibly a primitive oviraptorosaur.
Callovosaurus Jurassic herbivore One of the oldest dryosaurids.
Camarillasaurus Cretaceous carnivore A primitive ceratosaur.
Camelotia Triassic herbivore One of the largest dinosaurs of the Triassic period.
Canardia Cretaceous herbivore It represents a lineage of hadrosaurs previously unknown in Europe.
Cardiodon Jurassic herbivore Its remains are the first sauropod remains ever found.
Ceratosaurus Jurassic carnivore European species may be conspecific with the North American species.
Cetiosauriscus Jurassic herbivore Possibly a primitive diplodocoid.
Cetiosaurus Jurassic herbivore The first sauropod correctly identified as such.
Chondrosteosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A dubious sauropod with a convoluted taxonomic history.
Compsognathus Jurassic carnivore One of the smallest non-avian dinosaurs.
Concavenator Cretaceous carnivore A strange carcharodontosaurid with a hump-back and possibly feathers.
Craspedodon Cretaceous herbivore Maybe a ceratopsian.
Craterosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Possibly an Early Cretaceous stegosaur.
Cruxicheiros Jurassic carnivore A basal tetanuran.
Cryptosaurus Jurassic herbivore An ankylosaur.
Cumnoria Jurassic herbivore A relative of Camptosaurus.
Dacentrurus Jurassic herbivore A large stegosaur and the first of its kind to be discovered.
Darwinsaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the many iguanodonts from Early Cretaceous England.
Delapparentia Cretaceous herbivore May be the same as Iguanodon.
Demandasaurus Cretaceous herbivore A rebbachisaurid.
Dinheirosaurus Jurassic herbivore May be the same as Supersaurus.
Dinodocus Cretaceous herbivore Despite its similar-sounding name, it probably wasn't closely related to Diplodocus.
Dolichosuchus Triassic carnivore A primitive theropod.
Draconyx Jurassic herbivore A close relative of Camptosaurus.
Dracopelta Jurassic herbivore An ankylosaur.
Dracoraptor Jurassic carnivore The first non-avian dinosaur found in Wales.
Dromaeosauroides Cretaceous carnivore The first non-avian dinosaur genus named from Scandinavian remains.
Dubreuillosaurus Jurassic carnivore Found in France.
Duriatitan Jurassic herbivore Formerly a species of Cetiosaurus.
Duriavenator Jurassic carnivore Formerly a species of Megalosaurus. Also informally known as "Walkersaurus".
Echinodon Cretaceous omnivore The latest surviving heterodontosaurid.
Efraasia Triassic herbivore Mixed up with a lot of other reptiles throughout its history.
Elopteryx Cretaceous carnivore Either a troodontid or alvarezsaur.
Emausaurus Jurassic herbivore A basal thyreophoran that may be either bipedal or quadrupedal.
Eotyrannus Cretaceous carnivore A tyrannosauroid.
Eousdryosaurus Jurassic herbivore A dryosaurid ornithopod.
Erectopus Cretaceous carnivore A basal carnosaur.
Eucamerotus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod with a convoluted history.
Eucercosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Possibly an ornithopod.
Euronychodon Cretaceous carnivore A tooth taxon that may be a troodontid.
Europasaurus Jurassic herbivore An island-living sauropod that grew to small sizes.
Europatitan Cretaceous herbivore A large sauropod.
Europelta Cretaceous herbivore Represents Europe's most completely known ankylosaur.
Eustreptospondylus Jurassic carnivore Some have suggested it could swim.
Galvesaurus Jurassic/Cretaceous herbivore Also spelled "Galveosaurus". See article for more information.
Genusaurus Cretaceous carnivore An abelisaur.
Gideonmantellia Cretaceous herbivore A basal ornithopod similar to Hypsilophodon.
Gigantosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Not to be confused with Giganotosaurus. This is a sauropod.
Halticosaurus Triassic carnivore A dubious theropod.
Heptasteornis Cretaceous carnivore Possibly an alvarezsaur.s
Histriasaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the oldest rebbachisaurids.
Horshamosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Formerly a species oc Polacanthus.
Hungarosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A nodosaur.
Huxleysaurus Cretaceous herbivore Named after scientists Thomas Henry Huxley.
Hylaeosaurus Cretaceous herbivore The third animal recognized as a non-avian dinosaur.
Hypselosaurus Cretaceous herbivore The first titanosaur known to science.
Hypselospinus Cretaceous herbivore An iguanodont.
Hypsilophodon Cretaceous herbivore One of the more well-known basal ornithischians.
Iguanodon Cretaceous herbivore The second non-avian dinosaur known to science, and the first known herbivorous non-avian dinosaur.
Iliosuchus Cretaceous carnivore Possibly a tyrannosauroid.
"Ischyrosaurus" Jurassic herbivore This name is preoccupied, but by what is unknown.
Iuticosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod.
Juratyrant Jurassic carnivore A tyrannosauroid.
Juravenator Jurassic carnivore It shows evidence of having both scales and feathers.
Kukufeldia Cretaceous herbivore Named after Cuckfield in England.
Lexovisaurus Jurassic herbivore A stegosaur from the Middle Jurassic.
Liassaurus Jurassic (unknown) May be the same as Sarcosaurus.
Liliensternus Triassic carnivore An early predator with a short, single crest on its snout.
Lirainosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A lithostrotian titanosaur.
Lophostropheus Triassic/Jurassic carnivore One of the few dinosaurs that lived in two separate geologic periods.
Loricatosaurus Jurassic herbivore Most Lexovisaurus remains have been transferred to this animal.
Losillasaurus Jurassic/Cretaceous herbivore A large sauropod.
Lourinhanosaurus Jurassic carnivore A bizarre theropod that may have swallowed gastroliths.
Lourinhasaurus Jurassic herbivore A camarasaurid sauropod.
Lusitanosaurus Jurassic herbivore Possibly dubious.
Lusotitan Jurassic herbivore Formerly thought to represent European remains of Brachiosaurus.
Macrurosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Possibly a sauropod.
Magnamanus Cretaceous herbivore An iguanodont with unusually large hands.
Magnosaurus Jurassic carnivore A megalosaurid theropod.
Magyarosaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the smallest adult sauropods, reaching up to a maximum 6 meters (20 feet) in length.
Mantellisaurus Cretaceous herbivore A common ornithopod.
Mantellodon Cretaceous herbivore May be the same as another English ornithopod.
Matheronodon Cretaceous herbivore An ornithopod with two unusually large teeth.
Megalosaurus Jurassic carnivore The first non-avian dinosaur known to science.
Merosaurus Jurassic carnivore Once thought to belong to Scelidosaurus.
Metriacanthosaurus Jurassic carnivore A close relative of Allosaurus.
Miragaia Jurassic herbivore A stegosaur with an unusually long neck.
Mochlodon Cretaceous herbivore A rhabdodontid.
Morelladon Cretaceous herbivore An ornithopod with a sail which is not as high as that in Ouranosaurus.
Morinosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod.
Neosodon Jurassic herbivore Unlike practically all taxonomic genera, this has no referred species to it.
Neovenator Cretaceous carnivore A large predator.
Newtonsaurus Triassic carnivore Formerly "Zanclodon cambrensis".
Normanniasaurus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod.
Nuthetes Cretaceous carnivore A dromaeosaur.
Ohmdenosaurus Jurassic herbivore A small basal sauropod.
Oplosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod.
Ornithodesmus Cretaceous carnivore A dromaeosaur formerly considered to represent a pterosaur.
Ornithopsis Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod.
Orthomerus Cretaceous herbivore A possibly dubious ornithopod from the Netherlands.
Owenodon Cretaceous herbivore An ornithopod.
Paludititan Cretaceous herbivore A contemporary of Magyarosaurus.
Pantydraco Triassic herbivore A small basal sauropodomorph.
Pararhabdodon Cretaceous herbivore The first known lambeosaurine from Europe.
Pelecanimimus Cretaceous carnivore A primitive ornithomimosaur with 200 teeth.
Pelorosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A sauropod with a confusing taxonomy.
Phyllodon Jurassic herbivore Tooth taxon; probably an ornithopod.
Piveteausaurus Jurassic carnivore A theropod.
Plateosaurus Triassic herbivore Fossils of this genus have been found widespread across Europe.
Pneumatoraptor Cretaceous carnivore An indeterminate paravian.
Poekilopleuron Jurassic carnivore A close relative of Megalosaurus.
Polacanthus Cretaceous herbivore A relatively well-known nodosaur.
Priodontognathus Jurassic herbivore A dubious ankylosaur.
Proa Cretaceous herbivore Named for its prow-shaped jaw.
Proceratosaurus Jurassic carnivore A tyrannosauroid.
Procompsognathus Triassic carnivore A coelophysoid.
Proplanicoxa Cretaceous herbivore Probably the same as Mantellisaurus.
Pterospondylus Triassic carnivore A possibly dubious coelophysoid.
Pyroraptor Cretaceous carnivore Named because it was found after a forest fire took place.
Regnosaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the first stegosaurs discovered.
Rhabdodon Cretaceous herbivore A common ornithopod.
Rhadinosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Either a synonym of Struthiosaurus or a crocodilian.
Riabininohadros Cretaceous herbivore Formerly assigned to Orthomerus.
Ruehleia Triassic herbivore A plateosaurian sauropodomorph ("prosauropod").
Saltriovenator Jurassic carnivore A ceratosaur, appeared for eighteen years as a nomen nudum called "Saltriosaurus". It was possibly the biggest predator of its time.
Sarcolestes Jurassic herbivore An ankylosaur.
Sarcosaurus Jurassic carnivore Either a ceratosaur or a coelophysoid.
Scelidosaurus Jurassic herbivore A primitive thyreophoran.
Scipionyx Cretaceous carnivore The first dinosaur described from Italy. Preserved internal organs of this genus have been found.
Sciurumimus Jurassic carnivore Once considered a megalosaurid; it is known for its feathered tail.
Sellacoxa Cretaceous herbivore An ornithopod.
Soriatitan Cretaceous herbivore A large, recently-discovered sauropod.
Stegosaurus Jurassic herbivore Remains have been found in Portugal.
Stenopelix Cretaceous herbivore A basal ceratopsian.
Streptospondylus Jurassic herbivore The first non-avian theropod known to science.
Struthiosaurus Cretaceous herbivore One of the smallest ankylosaurs.
Suchosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Possibly the same as Baryonyx.
Tanystrosuchus Triassic herbivore A dubious theropod.
Tarascosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Possibly an abelisaur.
Tastavinsaurus Cretaceous herbivore Sometimes considered to be part of a unique clade called "Laurasiformes".
Taveirosaurus Cretaceous herbivore An indeterminate ornithischian.
Teinurosaurus Jurassic carnivore A theropod.
Telmatosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A small basal hadrosauromorph.
Tethyshadros Cretaceous herbivore One of the smallest known hadrosauromorphs.
Thecocoelurus Cretaceous carnivore Possibly an early ornithomimosaur.
Thecodontosaurus Triassic herbivore Sometimes found in Carboniferous deposits.
Thecospondylus Cretaceous (carnivore) Scientists are not sure if it is a saurischian or an ornithischian.
Therosaurus Cretaceous herbivore The original Iguanodon teeth have been referred to this genus.
Torvosaurus Jurassic carnivore A species of Torvosaurus has been found in Portugal.
Trimucrodon Jurassic herbivore Possibly an ornithischian.
Turiasaurus Jurassic/Cretaceous herbivore One of the largest known dinosaurs.
Valdoraptor Cretaceous carnivore Possibly an early ornithomimosaur.
Valdosaurus Cretaceous herbivore A dryosaurid.
Vallibonavenatrix Cretaceous carnivore The first spinosaurid named since Ichthyovenator in 2012.
Variraptor Cretaceous carnivore A dromaeosaur.
Velocipes Triassic carnivore Its dinosaurian status has been questioned.
Vouivria Jurassic herbivore Formerly thought to represent Bothriospondylus.
Wellnhoferia Jurassic carnivore May be the same as Archaeopteryx.
Xenoposeidon Cretaceous herbivore Possibly an early rebbachisaur.
Yaverlandia Cretaceous carnivore Once thought to represent a pachycephalosaur, now thought to be a maniraptor.
Zalmoxes Cretaceous herbivore A rhabdodontid.
Zby Jurassic herbivore A large sauropod.

Timeline

This is a timeline of selected dinosaurs from the list above. Time is measured in Ma, megaannum, along the x-axis.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Manchester Metropolitan University Archived 2009-05-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Diet is sometimes hard to determine for dinosaurs and should be considered a "best guess"
List of dinosaur genera

This list of dinosaurs is a comprehensive listing of all genera that have ever been included in the superorder Dinosauria, excluding class Aves (birds, both living and those known only from fossils) and purely vernacular terms.

The list includes all commonly accepted genera, but also genera that are now considered invalid, doubtful (nomen dubium), or were not formally published (nomen nudum), as well as junior synonyms of more established names, and genera that are no longer considered dinosaurs. Many listed names have been reclassified as everything from birds to crocodilians to petrified wood. The list contains 1559 names, of which approximately 1192 are considered either valid dinosaur genera or nomina dubia.

List of extinct animals of Europe

This list of extinct animals in Europe features the animals that have become extinct on the European continent and some in other dependent territories of European countries. While most of the animals in the recent Holocene have a human-caused extinction, Pleistocene extinctions and early Holocene extinctions are contested. Many theories of the cause of their extinction have been presented; some human-caused while others as a product of climate change. The K-T extinction is also contested, with the major cause being either both volcano and meteor or just a meteorite that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Many of the extinct animals were subspecies or color morphs such as the pied raven or disputed species like the tarpan or the gravenche. Most extinctions occurred in prehistoric times. The species gone extinct in the last 500 years were mostly from peripheral regions of Europe like the Caucasus, the North Atlantic or Mediterranean islands. Except for molluscs, the only species extinct in the heartland of Europe in the last 500 years is the aurochs, which survives in the form of primitive cattle breeds that possess similar physical features.

Outline of dinosaurs

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to dinosaurs:

Dinosaurs – diverse group of animals of the clade and superorder Dinosauria. They were the dominant terrestrial vertebrates for over 160 million years, from the late Triassic period (about 230 million years ago) until the end of the Cretaceous (66 million years ago), when the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event led to the extinction of all non-avian dinosaurs at the close of the Mesozoic era.

The fossil record indicates that birds evolved within theropod dinosaurs during the Jurassic period. Some of them survived the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, including the ancestors of all modern birds. Consequently, in modern classification systems, birds are considered dinosaurs—the only group which survived to the present day. The outline of birds covers these avian dinosaurs.

Lists of dinosaurs by continent
Non-avian dinosaurs
Birds

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