The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
They were a founder member of the American League in 1901 as the Cleveland Bluebirds (or Blues). They renamed to the Cleveland Napoleons (Naps) in 1903, before adopting their current name in 1915. The Indians made their first World Series appearance in 1920 and won the first of their two World Series titles.
Since then, the Indians have had two major periods of success. The first was from 1947 to 1956, when they had winning records in every season, including a 111–43 record in 1954, which remains the best Major League Baseball regular season record since the 1909 Pirates, and won their only other World Series in 1948. The Indians’ other highly successful period was from 1994 to 2001, when they had eight consecutive winning seasons, six AL Central division titles, and two World Series appearances in 1995 and 1997, but lost both of these World Series.
The Indians have also experienced failure in their history. From the split of the American League into two divisions in 1969 until 1993, the Indians did not make a single postseason appearance and played only four winning seasons. They posted 100 losses four times during the era.
|American League Championship Series|
|American League Division Series|
|Most Valuable Player Award|
|Manager of the Year Award|
|Rookie of the Year Award|
|Cy Young Award|
|Comeback Player of the Year Award|
|World Series Most Valuable Player Award|
|World Series champions †||AL champions *||Division champions (1969–present) ^||Wild card berth (1995–present) ¤|
|1920||1920||MLB †||AL *||1st||98||56||.636||—||Won World Series (Robins) 5–2 †|
|1948||1948||MLB †||AL *||1st||97||58||.626||—||Won World Series (Braves) 4–2 †||Lou Boudreau (MVP)|
|1954||1954||MLB||AL *||1st||111||43||.721||—||Lost World Series (Giants) 4–0 *|
|1980||1980||MLB||AL||East||6th||79||82||.494||23||Joe Charboneau (ROY)|
|1995||1995||MLB||AL *||Central ^||1st ^||100||44||.694||—||Won ALDS (Red Sox) 3–0
Won ALCS (Mariners) 4–2
Lost World Series (Braves) 4–2 *
|1996||1996||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||99||62||.615||—||Lost ALDS (Orioles) 3–1|
|1997||1997||MLB||AL *||Central ^||1st ^||86||75||.534||—||Won ALDS (Yankees) 3–2
Won ALCS (Orioles) 4–2
Lost World Series (Marlins) 4–3 *
|1998||1998||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||89||73||.549||—||Won ALDS (Red Sox) 3–1
Lost ALCS (Yankees) 4–2
|1999||1999||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||97||65||.599||—||Lost ALDS (Red Sox) 3–2|
|2001||2001||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||91||71||.562||—||Lost ALDS (Mariners) 3–2|
|2007||2007||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||96||66||.593||—||Won ALDS (Yankees) 3–1
Lost ALCS (Red Sox) 4–3
|CC Sabathia (CYA)|
Eric Wedge (MOY)
|2008||2008||MLB||AL||Central||3rd||81||81||.500||7½||Cliff Lee (CYA, CBPOY)|
|2013||2013||MLB||AL||Central||2nd ¤||92||70||.568||1||Lost ALWC (Rays)||Terry Francona (MOY)|
|2014||2014||MLB||AL||Central||3rd||85||77||.525||5||Corey Kluber (CYA)|
|2016||2016||MLB||AL *||Central ^||1st ^||94||67||.584||—||Won ALDS (Red Sox) 3–0
Won ALCS (Blue Jays) 4–1
Lost World Series (Cubs) 4–3 *
|Terry Francona (MOY)|
|2017||2017||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||102||60||.630||—||Lost ALDS (Yankees) 3–2||Corey Kluber (CYA)|
|2018||2018||MLB||AL||Central ^||1st ^||91||71||.563||—||Lost ALDS (Astros) 3–0|
The following table describes the Indians' MLB win–loss record by decade.
Records are current through the 2018 regular season
|Regular season games||9384||8968||.511|
|Regular season and post season games||9440||9018||.511|
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field. The team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Goodyear, Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants. The Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought among all 30 current Major League teams.The name "Indians" originated from a request by club owner Charles Somers to baseball writers to choose a new name to replace "Cleveland Naps" following the departure of Nap Lajoie after the 1914 season. The name referenced the nickname "Indians" that was applied to the Cleveland Spiders baseball club during the time when Louis Sockalexis, a Native American, played in Cleveland. Common nicknames for the Indians include the "Tribe" and the "Wahoos", the latter being a reference to their former logo, Chief Wahoo. The team's mascot is named "Slider."
The franchise originated in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, a minor league team that competed in the Western League. The team then relocated to Cleveland in 1900 and changed its name to the Cleveland Lake Shores. The Western League itself changed its name to the American League while continuing its minor league status. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the major league incarnation of the club was founded in Cleveland in 1901. Originally called the Cleveland Bluebirds, the team played in League Park until moving permanently to Cleveland Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2018 season, they had a regular season franchise record of 9,384–8,968 (.511). From August 24 to September 14, 2017, the Indians won 22 consecutive games, which is the longest winning streak in American League history.Cleveland Indians all-time roster
The following is a list of players, both past and current, who appeared in at least one game for the Cleveland American League franchise known as the Blues (1901), Bronchos (1902), Naps (1903–14) and Indians (1915–present).
Players in Bold are members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Players in Italics have had their numbers retired by the team.
List current as of the 2015 seasonList of Cleveland Indians managers
The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio that formed in 1901. They are members of the Central division of Major League Baseball's American League. The current manager of the Indians is Terry Francona, who replaced Manny Acta after the end of the 2012 season.
The Indians have had 46 managers in their history. Jimmy McAleer became the first manager of the then Cleveland Blues in 1901, serving for one season. In 1901, McAleer was replaced with Bill Armour. The Indians made their first playoff appearance under Tris Speaker in 1920. Out of the six managers that have led the Indians into the postseason, only Speaker and Lou Boudreau have led the Indians to World Series championships, doing so in 1920 and 1948, respectively. Al López (1954), Mike Hargrove (1995 and 1997) and Terry Francona (2016) have also appeared in World Series with the Indians. The highest winning percentage of any manager who managed at least one season was Lopez, with a percentage of .617. The lowest percentage was Johnny Lipon's .305 in 1971, although he managed for only 59 games. The lowest percentage of a manager with at least one season with the Indians was McAleer's .397 in 1901.
Armour became the first manager who held the title of manager for the Indians for more than one season. Boudreau has managed more games (1383) than any other Indians manager, closely followed by Hargrove (1364). Charlie Manuel, Eric Wedge, Speaker, Boudreau, Lopez, and Hargrove are the only managers to have led the Indians into the playoffs. Speaker, Boudreau, Lopez, Walter Johnson, Joe Gordon, Nap Lajoie and Frank Robinson are the seven members of the Baseball Hall of Fame who are also former managers of this club. Of those seven, Lopez is the only one inducted as a manager.The highest win–loss total for an Indians manager is held by Boudreau, with 728 wins and 649 losses. Wedge became the first Indians manager to win the Manager of the Year award, in 2007.
Major League Baseball season-by-season team history
|Culture and lore|
|Postseason appearances (14)|
|Division championships (10)|
|American League pennants (6)|
|World Series championships (2)|
|Hall of Fame inductees|