Lismore, County Waterford

Lismore (Irish: Lios Mór, meaning "great ringfort") is a historic town in County Waterford, in the province of Munster, Ireland.


Irish: Lios Mór
Lismore Castle
Lismore Castle
Official seal of Lismore

Lismore is located in Ireland
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°WCoordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°W
86 m (282 ft)
 • Total1,374
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key
Telephone area code+353(0)58
Irish Grid ReferenceX045984


Lismore is located in the west of County Waterford, where the N72 road crosses the River Blackwater at the foot of the Knockmealdown Mountains (Irish: Sléibhte Chnoc Mhaoldomhnaigh), the mountain range which divides the counties of Tipperary and Waterford.


As of the 2016 census, Lismore had a population of 1,374 of which 86% was white Irish, less than 1% white Irish traveller, 9% other white ethnicities, less than 1% black, less than 1% Asian, with 3% not stating their ethnicity. In terms of religion the town is 81% Catholic, 8% other stated religion, 8% with no religion, and 3% not stated.[2]


Bus transport

Since December 2015 significant improvements to the frequency of the Local Link (formerly known as Déise Link) bus service are in effect. A bus shelter has also been provided in the town. There are now four services a day each way Mondays to Saturdays inclusive to Dungarvan via Cappoquin including a commuter service. Connections to Waterford and Rosslare Europort can be made at Dungarvan. In the other direction there are four services to and from Tallow where connections can be made for Fermoy.[3] On Saturdays a local bus company operate a service to Cork. On Sundays Bus Éireann route 366 links Lismore to Dungarvan and Waterford. This route only operates on Sundays and comprises a single journey in one direction (no return service on any day of the week).[4]


Lismore formerly had a rail station on the now dismantled Waterford to Mallow line and was served by the Cork to Rosslare boat train. The line and station closed in 1967 though the station is still extant.[5]


Founded by Saint Mochuda (Irish: Mo Chutu mac Fínaill), died 637, also known as Saint Carthage (Carthach or Carthach the Younger; Latinised: Carthagus, Anglicised: Carthage), first abbot of Lismore (Irish: Les Mór Mo Chutu). The town is renowned for its early ecclesiastical history and the scholarship of Lismore Abbey.

The imposing Lismore Castle, situated on the site of the old monastery since medieval times, lies on a steep hill overlooking the town and the Blackwater valley. It can trace an eight-hundred-year-old history linking the varied historic relations between England and Ireland. Originally built following the arrival of Henry II's son, Prince John, in the twelfth century, the castle was a bishop's palace up to the sixteenth century. Subsequently owned by Sir Walter Raleigh until his demise, it was sold to Richard Boyle, controversial First Earl of Cork, described by historian R. F. Foster, in his Modern Ireland, as an "epitome of Elizabethan adventurer-colonist in Ireland". In 1627 the castle was the birthplace of the First Earl's most famous son, Robert Boyle (of Boyle's Law), known as the "Father of Modern Chemistry". Boyle was chased off his lands in Ireland during the Irish Rebellion of 1641, following which his sons recovered the family estates after suppression of the rebellion. The castle remained in the possession of the Boyle family until it passed to the English Dukes of Devonshire in 1753 when the daughter of the 4th Earl of Cork, Lady Charlotte Boyle, married the Marquess of Hartington, who later succeeded as, in 1755, The 4th Duke of Devonshire, a future Prime Minister of Great Britain and First Lord of the Treasury.

The Book of Lismore (original name: Leabhar Mhic Cárthaigh Riabhaigh, meaning The Book of Mac Cárthaigh Riabhach), a compilation of medieval Irish manuscripts mainly relating the lives of Irish saints, notably St Brigid, St Patrick, and St Columba, also contains Acallam na Senórach, a most important Middle Irish narrative dating to the 12th century, pertaining to the Fenian Cycle. The Book of Lismore and the Lismore Crozier (an enclosure for an episcopal staff, believed to be the venerable oaken staff of the founder of the abbey), were discovered together in 1814 behind a blocked-up doorway in Lismore Castle. Today, the castle continues in the private ownership of the Dukes of Devonshire who open the gardens and parts of the grounds for public access via a changing programme of local arts and education events. The Book of Lismore is on display at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire, Great Britain, and the Lismore Crozier is in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin.

The medieval Lismore Cathedral, dedicated to St Carthage, variously damaged and repaired over the centuries, is notable for its architecture and the stained glass window by the English pre Raphaelite artist, Edward Burne-Jones.

A plaque has been erected in the town to commemorate the regular visits made to Lismore by Fred Astaire following an association developed by his sister, Adele Astaire, who was married to Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish, son of The 9th Duke of Devonshire. A notable resident born in the town who has described her early life in Lismore, is the internationally renowned travel writer and world touring cyclist, Dervla Murphy. Another notable resident was George O'Brien, award-winning Irish memoirist, writer, and academic, who was raised by his paternal grandmother in Lismore, described in his memoir The Village of Longing: An Irish Boyhood in the Fifties (1987).

Annalistic references

See Annals of Inisfallen.

  • AI701.1 Kl. Repose of Cúánna of Les Mór.
  • AI707.1 Kl. Conodur of Les Mór rested.
  • AI730.1 Kl. Repose of Colmán grandson of Lítán, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI752.3 Repose of Mac Uige, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI760.1 Kl. Tríchmech, abbot of Les Mór, rested, and Abnér, abbot of Imlech Ibuir.
  • AI763.1 Kl. Repose of Rónán, bishop of Les Mór.
  • AI768.1 Kl. Aedan, abbot of Les Mór, rested.
  • AI774.2 Suairlech, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI778.2 Repose of Airdmesach of Les Mór.
  • AI783.3 Repose of Suairlech Ua Tipraiti in Les Mór.
  • AI794.4 Violation(?) of the Rule of Les Mór in the reign of Aedán Derg.
  • AI814.1 Kl. Repose of Aedán moccu Raichlich, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI814.2 The abbacy of Les Mór to Flann, son of Fairchellach.
  • AI818.2 The shrine of Mochta of Lugmad in flight before Aed,son of Niall, and it came to Les Mór.
  • AI825.1 Kl. Repose of Flann son of Fairchellach, abbot of Les Mór, Imlech Ibuir, and Corcach.
  • AI833.1 Kl. Les Mór Mo-Chutu and Cell Mo-Laise plundered by the heathens.
  • AI867.1 Kl. Amlaíb committed treachery against Les Mór, and Martan was liberated from him.
  • AI883.1 Kl. The burning of Les Mór by the son of lmar.
  • AI912.1 Kl. Repose of Mael Brigte son of Mael Domnaig, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI920.1 Kl. The martyrdom of Cormac son of Cuilennán, bishop and vice-abbot of Les Mór, abbot of Cell Mo-Laise,king of the Déisi, and chief counsellor of Mumu, at the hands of the Uí Fhothaid Aiched.
  • AI938.1 Kl. Repose of Ciarán son of Ciarmacán, abbot of Les Mór Mo-Chutu.
  • AI947.1 Kl. A leaf [descended] from heaven upon the altar of Imlech Ibuir, and a bird spoke to the people; and many other marvels this year; and Blácair, king of the foreigners, was killed.
  • AI953.2 Repose of Diarmait, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI954.3 Diarmait son of Torpaid, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI958.3 Repose of Cinaed Ua Con Minn, bishop of Les Mór and Inis Cathaig.
  • AI959.2 Repose of Maenach son of Cormac, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI983.3 Repose of Cormac son of Mael Ciarain, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI1024.3 Repose of Ua Maíl Shluaig, coarb of Mo-Chutu.


Lismore town centre

Lismore town centre

Lismore Astaire plaque

Memorial plaque honouring Fred Astaire on the wall of Madden's Summerhouse Cafe.

William Thackeray plaque, Lismore, Co. Waterford, Ireland

William M. Thackeray plaque on the wall of the Lismore House Hotel, Main Street.


The following people were born in Lismore.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Lismore is twinned with

See also


  1. ^ "Sapmap Area: Settlements Lismore". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Archived from the original on 2018-02-14.
  2. ^ "Lismore Demographics". Census 2016 - Small Area Population Statistics. CSO. 2016. Archived from the original on 2018-02-14.
  3. ^ "Who Can Use The Local Link Service? - Local Link Waterford - Public Transport Bus Service". 4 July 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2013-05-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ and Archived 2010-09-20 at the Wayback Machine, Figures post 1961 are for Lismore and environs. For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses” in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, and also “New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850” by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473-488.

External links

Bishop of Lismore, Ireland

The Bishop of Lismore was a separate episcopal title which took its name after the town of Lismore in County Waterford, Republic of Ireland.

Blackwater Community School

Blackwater Community School is a co-educational, multi-denominational community school in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland. The school offers Junior Certificate and Leaving Certificate programmes. It's the one hundred and forty sixth Public School in the county and according to official data on fourth position in the county arranged by number of pupils. The school has its own app developed by Unique Diary Productions Limited and it's available on both Android and iOS under the name Blackwater Community school.

Brendan Landers

Brendan Landers (born 25 January 1978) is an Irish retired hurler who played as a goalkeeper for the Waterford senior team.Born in Lismore, County Waterford, Landers first played competitive hurling in his youth. He was a Harty Cup runner-up with Lismore CBS while simultaneously enjoying championship success at under-age levels with the Lismore club. Landers subsequently joined the Lismore senior team.

Landers made his debut on the inter-county scene when he first linked up with the Waterford minor team. A Munster runner-up in this grade, he later lined out with the under-21 team. Landers joined the senior team during the 1997 Waterford Crystal League. He went on to play a key role for Waterford as goalkeeper.

As a member of the unsuccessful Munster inter-provincial team in 1998, Landers never won a Railway Cup medal. Throughout his inter-county career he made 11 championship appearances. Landers retired from inter-county hurling prior to the start of the 2002 league.

In retirement from playing Landers became involved in club management and coaching, including a spell as manager of the Lismore camogie team.

Dan Shanahan

Daniel "Dan" Shanahan (born 4 January 1977) is an Irish hurling selector and former player. He has been a selector with the Waterford senior team since 2013.Born in Lismore, County Waterford, Shanahan was introduced to hurling by his father, a former hurler with Waterford. He was a Harty Cup runner-up with Lismore CBS while simultaneously enjoying championship successes at senior level with the Lismore club.

Shanahan made his debut on the inter-county scene at the age of seventeen when he first linked up with the Waterford minor team. A two-time Munster runner-up in this grade, he later lined out with the under-21 team. Shanahan joined the senior team in 1995. He went on to play a key role for Waterford in attack during a hugely successful era, and won four Munster medals and one National Hurling League medal. He was an All-Ireland runner-up on one occasion.

Shanahan represented the Munster inter-provincial team at various times throughout his career, winning one Railway Cup medal in 2007. At club level he won one championship medal with Lismore.

Throughout his career Shanahan made 52 championship appearances for Waterford. His tally of 21-58 marks him out as Waterford's fourth highest scorer of all-time, while he is the all-time leading goal-scorer for Waterford. Shanahan announced his inter-county retirement on 18 August 2010.Shanahan is widely regarded as one of Waterford's greatest hurlers. During his career he won three All-Star awards, while in 2007 he was named Texaco, All-Star and GPA Hurler of the Year.

His brother, Maurice, is a current member of the Waterford senior team.And former teammate, Eoin Kelly is his cousinIn retirement from playing, Shanahan became involved in team management and coaching. In October 2013 he became part of Derek McGrath's management team to the Waterford senior hurlers.

Dervla Murphy

Dervla Murphy (born 28 November 1931) is an Irish touring cyclist and author of adventure travel books for over 40 years.

Murphy is best known for her 1965 book Full Tilt: Ireland to India With a Bicycle, about an overland cycling trip through Europe, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. She followed this with volunteer work helping Tibetan refugees in India and Nepal and trekking with a mule through Ethiopia. Murphy took a break from travel writing following the birth of her daughter, and then wrote about her travels with Rachel in India, Pakistan, South America, Madagascar and Cameroon. She later wrote about her solo trips through Romania, Africa, Laos, the states of the former Yugoslavia and Siberia. In 2005, she visited Cuba with her daughter and three granddaughters.

Murphy has normally travelled alone without luxuries and depending on the hospitality of local people. She has been in dangerous situations; for example, she was attacked by wolves in the former Yugoslavia, threatened by soldiers in Ethiopia, and robbed in Siberia. However, she described her worst incident as tripping over cats at home and shattering her left arm.

Eddie Daly

Eddie Daly (born 1918) was an Irish hurler who played as a full-forward for the Waterford senior team.Born in Lismore, County Waterford, Daly first played competitive hurling in his youth. He joined the Waterford senior team during the 1938 championship. Daly subsequently became a regular member of the starting fifteen and won one All-Ireland medal and one Munster medal.

As a member of the Munster inter-provincial team on a number of occasions, Daly won three Railway Cup medals. At club level he was a two-time championship medallist with University College Dublin.

Lismore Abbey

Lismore Abbey is a former monastery in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland, reportedly in its day the most celebrated in the South of Ireland. Its site is now occupied by Lismore Castle.

It was founded in 635 by St Mochuda, also known as St. Carthage, in a picturesque site, steeply rising from the southern bank of the River Blackwater. Its founder had spent nearly forty years of his monastic life in the monastery of Rahan on the southern borders of ancient Meath. In 635 Prince Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, of the southern Hy Mall, evicted him, and he moved to Lismore, on the edge of what was then called Avonmore, "the great river", a site granted to St. Carthage by the prince of the Desii of Waterford. Lismore was founded in 635; Mochuda died two years later.

Lismore produced another saint and scholar, Saint Cataldus (or Catald) of Taranto. His Irish name was Cathal, and it appears he was born at a place called Rathan, not far from Lismore. Irish annals tell us nothing of St. Cathaldus, because he went abroad early in life, but the brothers Morini of his adopted home provide some information. They tell us he was a native of Hibernia - born at Rathan in Momonia - that he studied at Lismore, and became bishop of his native territory of Rathan, but that afterwards, he made his way to Jerusalem, and on his return was, with his companions, wrecked at Taranto in Italy. He is said to have converted many of the inhabitants to Christianity, and became the city's patron saint.

Another scholar of Lismore was St. Cuanna, most likely the half-brother and successor of the founder. He was born at Kilcoona, or Killcooney, a parish near Headford in Galway which takes its name from him. No doubt he went to Lismore on account of his close connexion with St. Carthage, and for the same reason was chosen to succeed him in the school of Lismore. One historian thought that the ancient but now lost "Book of Cuanach", cited in the Annals of Ulster, but not later than A.D. 628, was the work of this St. Cuanna of Kilcooney and Lismore. It is also said that Aldfrith, King of Northumbria, spent some time at the school of Lismore, for he visited most of the famous schools of Ireland towards the close of the seventh century, and at that time Lismore was one of the most celebrated. It was also a place of pilgrimage, and many Irish princes gave up the sceptre and returned to Lismore to end their lives in prayer and penance. There, too, by his own desire, was interred St. Celsus of Armagh, who died in Ardpatrick, but directed that he should be buried in Lismore (though no trace of his monument has been found).

Two interesting memorials of Lismore are still preserved. The first is the Lismore Crozier, found accidentally in Lismore Castle in 1814, and now in the National Museum of Ireland. The inscription tells us that it was made for Niall Mac Mic Aeducan, Bishop of Lismore, 1090–1113, by Neclan the artist. This refers to the making of the case or shrine, which enclosed an old oak stick, the original crozier of the founder. Most of the ornaments are richly gilt, interspersed with others of silver and niello, and bosses of coloured enamels. The second is the Book of Lismore found in the castle at the same time with the crosier, enclosed in a wooden box in a built-up doorway. The castle was built as long ago as 1185 by Prince John. Afterwards the bishops of Lismore came to live there, and no doubt both crosier and book belonged to the bishops and were hidden for security in troublesome times. The Book of Lismore contains a series of the lives of Irish saints, written in medieval Irish.

Lismore Castle

Lismore Castle (Irish: Caisleán an Leasa Mhóir) is the Irish home of the Duke of Devonshire. Located in the town of Lismore in County Waterford in Ireland, it belonged to the Earls of Desmond, and subsequently to the Cavendish family from 1753. It was largely re-built in the Gothic style during the mid-nineteenth century by William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire.

Lismore Cathedral, Ireland

St. Carthage Cathedral, Lismore is a Church of Ireland cathedral in Lismore, County Waterford. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin. Formerly the cathedral of the Diocese of Lismore, it is now one of six cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Cashel and Ossory.

Lismore GAA

Lismore GAA is a Gaelic Athletic Association club based in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland. The club enters teams in both GAA codes each year, which includes two adult hurling teams and one adult Gaelic football team in the Waterford County Championships. The club has won county titles in both Hurling and football, but in recent history the club has been mainly concerned with the game of hurling. The club's Camogie teams have also enjoyed much success.

The club has won the County Senior Hurling Championship 3 times, 1925(beating Erin's Own 4-2 to 2-3), the club had to wait 66 years before their next success in 1991(beating Mount Sion 5-7 to 1-5) and 1993(beating Passage 0-8 to 0-7). The following years proved somewhat frustrating for Lismore. Following much underage success through the 80's and 90's(including 10 western minor wins in a row), Lismore were expected to win a number county titles. However, Ballygunner and Mount Sion dominated the county scene in Waterford for a number of years with very strong teams. Despite having a depth of talent at their disposal, Lismore were unable to win another county title again in this period, going close on a number of occasions, most notably in the 1996, 2001 and 2009 county finals.

2016 saw Lismore finally win another county title, this time in the Intermediate grade. Following the disappointment of relegation from the senior ranks the previous year after 47 years as senior club, they won the Western Intermediate hurling final beating Modeligo 2-15 to 1-11. Dunhill were accounted for in the county final 5-19 to 1-7, with the Shanahan brothers, Maurice and Dan both rattling the net. Then the trip to play Cork champions Bandon saw the Lismore boys come out on top 2-20 to 1-12. Next up were Tipp side Newport and a close game was won 1-15 to 1-12.

A successful year was rounded off by being crowned Munster champions with victory over Kerry senior winners Kilmoyley 2-14 to 0-13. The team was captained by Paudie Prendergast.

Dan Shanahan

Maurice Shanahan

Paudie Prendergast

Sean Daly

Dave Bennett

James O'Connor

Mark O'Sullivan

Kieran O'Gorman

Brendan Landers

Barney Prendergast

Ray Barry

Sean Barry

Lismore Opera Festival

The Blackwater Valley Opera Festival (formerly the Lismore Opera Festival and Lismore Music Festival) is a classical music and opera festival held annually in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland. Founded in 2010, by Jennifer O'Connell and artistic director Dieter Kaegi, the festival was re-launched as the Blackwater Valley Opera Festival in February 2018.Previous events have consisted of three opera nights performed in Lismore Castle's stable yard. Concerts and recitals have also been staged in Lismore and in historic homes located along the banks of the Blackwater River downstream to the parish of Cappoquin. These venues have included Salterbridge House, Cappoquin House, Tourin House, Dromore Yard and Lismore Cathedral.In 2012, Irish President Michael D. Higgins inaugurated the Festival's annual school's access programme.

Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish

Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish (5 August 1905 – 23 March 1944) was the second son of the 9th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, Lady Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-FitzMaurice.

He was educated at St Cyprian's School, Eastbourne, Eton, and Cambridge University. He joined the Royal Tank Regiment where he became a lieutenant.

In 1932, he married the dancer Adele Astaire (1896–1981), a star of Broadway theatre and the London stage and sister of Fred Astaire, at his family seat of Chatsworth House in Derbyshire. He had met Adele in London in 1927 and courted her when he worked for the bank J.P. Morgan & Co. in New York City. Adele proposed to Lord Charles at the 21 Club in Manhattan. Their children – a daughter born in 1933 and twin sons born in 1935 – lived only for a few hours. The couple lived at Lismore Castle in County Waterford, Ireland, which had been given to them as a wedding present by Lord Charles's father, the 9th Duke of Devonshire. A clause in Lord Charles's will stipulated that Lismore Castle was to go to his nephew, Lord Andrew Cavendish, if Adele remarried, which she did in 1947, to Kingman Douglass.Cavendish died at Lismore Castle, aged 38, of long-term acute alcoholism and was buried at Lismore Cathedral.

Maurice Shanahan

Maurice Shanahan (born 1 February 1990) is an Irish hurler who plays as a right corner-forward for the Waterford senior team.

Born in Lismore, County Waterford, Shanahan first played competitive hurling during his schooling at Blackwater Community School. He arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of seventeen when he first linked up with the Waterford minor team, before later joining the under-21 side. He made his senior debut during the 2009 championship. Shanahan immediately became a regular member of the starting fifteen and has won one Munster medal and one National Hurling League medal.

At club level Shanahan plays with Lismore.

His brother, Dan Shanahan, also enjoyed a lengthy career with Waterford.

In 2015, Maurice spoke candidly to the Irish media about suffering from depression, and he was widely praised for speaking out as a high profile sportsperson on the topic.

Paudie Prendergast

Paudie Prendergast (born 26 September 1960 in Lismore, County Waterford) is a retired Irish hurler who formerly played with Ballyduff Upper GAA at club level and with Waterford GAA at inter-county level.

Paudie played at midfield and was known for tireless work rate around the centre of the pitch along with a notably lazy and graceful hurley swing. The closest Paudie came to Inter-County silverware was in 1989 when Waterford GAA finished runner-up to Tipperary GAA in the Munster Senior Hurling Championship.

Paudie played with the village of Ballyduff Upper and won two Waterford Senior Hurling Championships in 1982 and 1987. After retiring from Senior club hurling in the early part of this decade, Paudie continued to play with Ballyduff Upper GAA for a number of years at Junior level.

R668 road (Ireland)

The R668 road is a regional road in Ireland from Lismore, County Waterford to Cahir in County Tipperary, through Clogheen and Ballylooby. The Lismore–Clogheen section is a scenic route through the Vee Gap (Irish: Bóthar na gCorr) in the Knockmealdown Mountains, between Sugarloaf Hill and Knockshanahullion.In the eighteenth century, the Cahir–Clogheen section was part of the main road from Cashel to Cork city. It was superseded in the early 19th century by the construction of what is now the R639 road between Cahir and Mitchelstown.

The R665 crosses the R668 at Clogheen. At Glentanagree Bridge, the R669 forks off to the south east past Mount Melleray to Cappoquin.

Samuel Enderby

Samuel Enderby (17 January 1719 – 19 September 1797) was an English whale oil merchant. In the 18th century, he founded Samuel Enderby & Sons, a prominent shipping, whaling, and sealing company.The Enderby family had been tanners at Bermondsey, and supported Oliver Cromwell. Daniel Enderby I raised money for the army in the Long Parliament, as recorded in Hansard. The family was granted forfeited estates at Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland, which were sold in 1660. After that time, the family was active in the 'oil and Russia trade' and traded with the New England colonies.On 2 June 1752, Samuel Enderby II married Mary Buxton, a daughter of his business partner, at St Paul's Wharf in London. Enderby died in 1797, leaving the company to his three sons Charles, Samuel III, and George.Samuel Enderby III (1755-1829) owned Britannia, the ship that made the first successful whale catch off Australia (10 November 1791). He was the grandfather of Major-General Charles George Gordon.

Tidy Towns (Ireland)

Tidy Towns (Irish: Bailte Slachtmhara) is an annual competition, first held in 1958, organised by the Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment in order to honour the tidiest and most attractive cities, towns and villages in Ireland.

The competition is organised on a national basis, and entrants must complete modules including Overall Developmental Approach (5 Year Plan), The Built Environment, Landscaping, Wildlife & Natural Amenities, Litter Control, Tidiness, Waste Minimisation, Residential Areas, Roads and Streets & Back Areas.

The Competition is judged during the summer months (May to August) by an independent adjudicator, who issues each town with a written report complimenting positive development and actions and providing positive suggestions on how the community can improve their general surroundings.

This competition covers many aspects of environment and prizes are awarded to winners of all areas. Other than that, there's an overall winner which is named as "Ireland's Tidiest Town" which is announced at the end of competition every September.

W. H. Grattan Flood

William Henry Grattan Flood (baptised 1 November 1857 – 6 August 1928) was a noted Irish author, composer, musicologist, and historian. As a writer and ecclesiastical composer, his personal contributions to Irish music produced enduring works, although he is regarded today as controversial due to the inaccuracy of some of his work. As a historian, his output was prolific on topics of local and national historical or biographical interest.

In 1917, Flood was awarded the papal cross Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice by Pope Benedict XV and in 1922 was elevated by Pope Leo XIII to the Order of St Gregory with the title Chevalier, thereafter he was often called "Chevalier Flood". He is not to be confused with the unrelated Irish statesmen Henry Flood or Henry Grattan.

Water Colour Society of Ireland

Water Colour Society of Ireland (WCSI) is a watercolour society in Ireland, founded in 1870. The Society held its first exhibition in the Courthouse, Lismore, County Waterford in May 1871.

Historical population
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