Linyi

Linyi (simplified Chinese: 临沂; traditional Chinese: 臨沂; pinyin: Línyí) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, China. As of 2011, Linyi is the largest prefecture-level city in Shandong, both by area and population, Linyi borders Rizhao to the east, Weifang to the northeast, Zibo to the north, Tai'an to the northwest, Jining to the west, Zaozhuang to the southwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the south. The name of the city Linyi (临沂) literally means "close to the Yi River".

The city recently expanded along the Yi River to Nanfang, under slogan "Grand Linyi, Beautiful Linyi, New Linyi". Multiple recreational parks were built, along with new school campuses etc. The development is a consequence of a series of governmental projects, including relocate the city government, which is expected to stimulate the economy.

The population was 10,039,440 at the 2010 census, of which 2,303,648 lived in the built-up area made up of Lanshan District, Luozhuang District and Hedong District.[1]

Linyi

临沂市

Lini
Clockwise from top: A view of the Beicheng New District skyline, Mount Meng, Cathedral of Linyi, Linyi People's Square, The Library of Linyi University, and The Memorial Tower of Revolutionary Martyrs
Clockwise from top: A view of the Beicheng New District skyline, Mount Meng, Cathedral of Linyi, Linyi People's Square, The Library of Linyi University, and The Memorial Tower of Revolutionary Martyrs
Location of Linyi City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location of Linyi City jurisdiction in Shandong
Coordinates: 35°03′N 118°21′E / 35.050°N 118.350°ECoordinates: 35°03′N 118°21′E / 35.050°N 118.350°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
County-level divisions12
Township-level divisions181
Municipal seatLanshan District
(35°3′N 118°19′E / 35.050°N 118.317°E)
Government
 • CPC SecretaryWang Yujun (王玉君)
 • MayorMeng Qingbin (孟庆斌)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city17,191.21 km2 (6,637.56 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)
Elevation
74 m (244 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city10,039,440
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,303,648
 • Urban density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,303,648
 • Metro density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)539
ISO 3166 codeCN-SD-13
License Plate Prefix鲁Q
Administrative division code371300
Línyí
Literal meaningclose to the Yi River

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Linyi administers 12 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 9 counties.

Map
Subdivision Chinese Pinyin
Lanshan District 兰山区 Lánshān Qū
Luozhuang District 罗庄区 Luózhuāng Qū
Hedong District 河东区 Hédōng Qū
Yinan County 沂南县 Yínán Xiàn
Tancheng County 郯城县 Tánchéng Xiàn
Yishui County 沂水县 Yíshuǐ Xiàn
Lanling County 兰陵县 Lánlíng Xiàn
Fei County 费县 Fèixiàn
Pingyi County 平邑县 Píngyì Xiàn
Junan County 莒南县 Jǔnán Xiàn
Mengyin County 蒙阴县 Méngyīn Xiàn
Linshu County 临沭县 Línshù Xiàn

The city is further divided into 181 township-level divisions.

History

Linyi has a history of 2400 years. It is home to many historical figures, notably Zhuge Liang and Wang Xizhi. In 1972, the Sun Bin's Art of War was first discovered here,[2][3] along with other classics on hand written bamboo slips. Sun Bin's Art of War is currently in display at Shandong Provincial museum.

In the spring of 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the scene of fierce fighting between Chinese and Japanese troops. The civilians were encouraged by army victory in the Battle of Tai'erzhuang, which was nearby, defended Linyi fiercely, but Japanese soldiers breached the walls on April 19, 1938. The defenders withdrew the next day to another contested area 30 miles away.

In 1946, during the Chinese Civil War, the communist Directorate General of Shandong Wartime Posts was moved from the Yimeng Mountains to Linyi and renamed the Shandong Provincial Postal Administration.[4]

After the People's Republic of China was founded in October 1949, the administrative division was adjusted.

In 2005, Linyi drew international attention as a center of human rights abuses related to the enforcement of China's controversial family planning policies. Following widespread allegations of violence and coercion in excess of Chinese law, local human rights defender Chen Guangcheng filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of the victims. The local Chinese courts refused to hear the case and imprisoned Chen Guangcheng on charges of fomenting state resistance.[5] Due in part to the severity and scope of these abuses Linyi has been used by activists to criticize China's violation of women's rights.[6]

Geography

Linyi is in the south of Shandong province, not far from the ports of Rizhao, Lanshan District, Rizhao and Lianyungang. It is along the G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway as well as the Eurasian Land Bridge. The urban area lies on mostly flat land that gives way to more rugged terrain in the west and northwest of the city's administrative area, which covers 17,184 km2 (6,635 sq mi).

Climate

Linyi has a monsoon-influenced climate with generous summer precipitation, with cold, dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Under the Köppen climate classification, it is in the transition from the humid subtropical zone (Cwa) to the humid continental zone (Dwa), though favouring the former. More than half of the annual precipitation of 831 mm (32.7 in) falls in July and August alone, and the frost-free period is above 200 days.

Economy

Linyi's economy is based around its wholesale markets.[7] The Linyi Wholesale City is ranked 3rd in its category in China with an annual trade volume of 40 billion RMB (~US$5 billion). The Linyi prefecture has developed more than 1,500 specialized villages, over 80 specialized towns and nearly 800 industrialized agricultural enterprises.

In 2014 the prefecture's GDP was 369 billion RMB. Main industrial products are: textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, electronics, chemicals, building materials, coal, medicines, gold and porcelain. Machinery is exported to Europe, the Americas and south-east Asia. Linyi prefecture has an annual capacity of 3 million tons of compound fertilizers.

Notable people

Cultural Attractions

Linyi's focal point is the People's Square (Renmin Guangchang). It was built in the early 1990s on the site of an old army barracks. It is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) east-west, and about 300 m (980 ft) north-south. Underneath it is a shopping centre and entertainment facilities.

Just north of the city centre is a park dedicated to Wang Xizhi. For a small entrance fee tourists can enjoy a pleasant walk and try Chinese calligraphy.

Near the center of Linyi city is a museum which houses some original bamboo strips from the Warring States period.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-shandong-admin.php
  2. ^ "Yinqueshan Han Bamboo Slips" (in Chinese). Shandong Provincial Museum. 24 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.
  3. ^ Jonathan Clements (21 June 2012). The Art of War: A New Translation. Constable & Robinson Ltd. pp. 77–78. ISBN 978-1-78033-131-7.
  4. ^ The Postage Stamp Catalogue of the Chinese People's Revolutionary War Period, published by the China Postage Stamp Museum
  5. ^ Pan, Philip P. (July 8, 2006). "Chinese to Prosecute Peasant Who Resisted One-Child Policy". Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  6. ^ "Transcript: An Evaluation of 30 Years of the One-Child Policy in China" (PDF). Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 6, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  7. ^ From a booklet compiled by the Linyi Municipal People's Government (2003)

External links

Big Brother China

Big Brother China, also referred to as Housemates, Let's Stay Together (Chinese:室友一起宅) was the Chinese version of the international reality television franchise Big Brother created by producer John de Mol in 1997. The only season of the program known as the Pilot Season was pre-recorded in September 2015 and streamed exclusively online by Youku Tudou on November 21, 2015. The winner was Tan Xiangjun who won an endorsement contract to be a contestant on the first season worth CNY 10 million.

Fei County

Fei County or Feixian falls under the jurisdiction of Linyi, in the south of Shandong Province.

Hedong District, Linyi

Hedong (simplified Chinese: 河东区; traditional Chinese: 河東區; pinyin: Hédōng Qū; literally: 'river east') is an urban district of the city of Linyi, Shandong province, China. It has an area of 727.63 km2 (280.94 sq mi) and around 600,000 inhabitants (2003). As the name implies, it is located east of the Yi River from the other two districts of Linyi, Lanshan and Luozhuang.

Junan County

Junan County (simplified Chinese: 莒南县; traditional Chinese: 莒南縣; pinyin: Jǔnán Xiàn) is a county of southern Shandong province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangsu province to the south. It is under the administration of Linyi City.

The population was 986,661 in 1999.

Lanling County

Lanling County (simplified Chinese: 兰陵县; traditional Chinese: 蘭陵縣; pinyin: Lánlíng Xiàn) formerly Cangshan County (苍山县; 蒼山縣; Cāngshān Xiàn) is a county of southern Shandong province, bordering Jiangsu province to the south. It is under the administration of Linyi City.

The population was 1,137,651 in 1999.

Lanshan District, Linyi

Lanshan District, Linyi (simplified Chinese: 临沂市兰山区; traditional Chinese: 蘭山區; pinyin: Lánshān Qū) is a district of Linyi City, Shandong Province, China. Lanshan District forms the center of Linyi and is the location of the city's government and cultural sites such as the Yinqueshan Han Tombs Bamboo Slips Museum. It was formerly the Linyi County and the Linyi county-level city, before Linyi was upgraded to a prefecture-level city and its urban center was renamed as Lanshan District.

Linshu County

Linshu County (simplified Chinese: 临沭县; traditional Chinese: 臨沭縣; pinyin: Línshù Xiàn) is a county of southern Shandong province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangsu province to the south and east. It is under the administration of Linyi City.

The population was 612,853 in 1999.

Linyi Campaign

The Linyi Campaign (临沂战役) was a campaign fought in Shandong, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II. The battle was part of the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post World War II era, and resulted in communist victory.

Linyi County, Dezhou

Linyi County (simplified Chinese: 临邑县; traditional Chinese: 臨邑縣; pinyin: Línyì Xiàn) is a county in the northwest of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Dezhou.

The population was 509,846 in 1999.

Linyi County, Shanxi

Linyi County (simplified Chinese: 临猗县; traditional Chinese: 臨猗縣; pinyin: Línyī Xiàn) is a county in the southwest of Shanxi province, China, bordering Shaanxi province to the west. It is under the administration of Yuncheng city.

Linyi Shubuling Airport

Linyi Shubuling International Airport (simplified Chinese: 临沂沭埠岭国际机场; traditional Chinese: 臨沂沭埠嶺國際機場) (IATA: LYI, ICAO: ZSLY) is an airport serving the city of Linyi in Shandong Province, China.

List of administrative divisions of Shandong

Shandong, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions.

Liu Hong (astronomer)

Liu Hong (129–210), courtesy name Yuanzhuo, was a Chinese official, astronomer and mathematician who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty. He developed a work on predicting the passage of the moon which was in use during the Three Kingdoms period of China.

Luozhuang District

Luozhuang (simplified Chinese: 罗庄区; traditional Chinese: 羅莊區; pinyin: Luózhuāng Qū) is a district of the city of Linyi, Shandong province, China. It has an area of approximately 370 km2 (140 sq mi) and around 420,000 inhabitants (2003).

Mengyin County

Mengyin County (simplified Chinese: 蒙阴县; traditional Chinese: 蒙陰縣; pinyin: Méngyīn Xiàn) is a county in the southwest-central part of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Linyi City.

The population was 524,565 in 1999.

Pingyi County

Pingyi County (Chinese: 平邑县; pinyin: Píngyì Xiàn) is a county in the south of Shandong Province, China. It is the westernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Linyi. It has a land area of 1,824.79 km2 (704.56 sq mi) and a population of 980,000 in 2001. Its special local products are honeysuckle and granite. The second highest mountain in Shandong, Mount Meng, is located in Bianqiao Town.

Tancheng County

Tancheng County (Chinese: 郯城县; pinyin: Tánchéng Xiàn) is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linyi, in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Tancheng is the southernmost county-level division of Shandong Province and borders Jiangsu. It is about 90 kilometres (by road) south of Linyi City and 400 kilometres southeast of Jinan, the capital city of Shandong Province. Tancheng is the “Hometown of Chinese Ginkgo” and “Hometown of Chinese Tamarix”.

The population in 2011 was 970,000. The land area of the county is about 1,306.58 square kilometres. It is a developing city in a rural area. Tancheng is famous for its ginkgo trees.

Yinan County

Yinan (Chinese: 沂南县; pinyin: Yínán Xiàn; literally: 'Yi (River) south') is a county in the south of Shandong province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linyi.

The population was 896,467 in 1999.

Yishui County

Yishui County (simplified Chinese: 沂水县; traditional Chinese: 沂水縣; pinyin: Yíshuǐ Xiàn) is a county of south-central Shandong province, People's Republic of China, located in the foothills region of the province. It is the northernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Linyi.

The population was 1,115,927 in 1999.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinLínyí
Bopomofoㄌㄧㄣˊ   ㄧˊ
Gwoyeu RomatzyhLinyi
Wade–GilesLin2-i2
Climate data for Linyi (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
23.0
(73.4)
26.9
(80.4)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
38.0
(100.4)
38.4
(101.1)
36.5
(97.7)
35.8
(96.4)
31.3
(88.3)
26.9
(80.4)
19.7
(67.5)
38.4
(101.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
1.4
(34.5)
6.6
(43.9)
13.8
(56.8)
19.5
(67.1)
23.8
(74.8)
26.1
(79.0)
25.6
(78.1)
21.0
(69.8)
15.1
(59.2)
7.8
(46.0)
1.4
(34.5)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−14.3
(6.3)
−8.4
(16.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
5.6
(42.1)
12.0
(53.6)
15.3
(59.5)
15.2
(59.4)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−13.1
(8.4)
−14.3
(6.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.2
(0.44)
14.3
(0.56)
25.8
(1.02)
38.5
(1.52)
63.1
(2.48)
96.7
(3.81)
238.5
(9.39)
190.6
(7.50)
71.1
(2.80)
36.6
(1.44)
24.9
(0.98)
11.7
(0.46)
931.0
(36.65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.1 4.7 5.4 6.5 7.0 8.5 14.6 11.0 7.5 5.6 5.1 3.6 82.6
Source: Weather China
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