Despite its small area, this province is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Peruvian economy. It concentrates almost one-third of the country's population and 50% of Peru's GDP in 2012.
Location of Lima Province in Peru
|Founded||January 18, 1535|
|• Mayor (Alcalde)||Jorge Muñoz|
|• Total||2,672.28 km2 (1,031.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (PET)|
The province was created in 1821 as Peru's territory was divided into departments, provinces, districts and parishes. The province was part of the Lima Department, which was formed by the territories of present-day Lima, Callao and Ica regions, and the provinces of Casma, Huarmey and Santa, which later would be part of the La Costa Department.
The department was further subdivided as time passed but the Lima Province kept being part of it. Due to the massive migration from other areas of the country, the need to separate the province from the rest of the department was forecast by experts.
The province is divided into 43 districts. Each of them is headed by a mayor, although the Metropolitan Lima Municipal Council (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), led by the mayor of Lima, also exercises its authority in these districts.
All the districts of Lima province are fused together in a continuous urban area, with the exception of the beach resorts of Ancon and Santa Rosa in the north and Pachacamac, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, San Bartolo, Santa Maria del Mar and Pucusana in the south.
Lima Province is administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), which also administers the city of Lima. Its current mayor is Jorge Muñoz Wells (2019-2022).
The 2005 Peru Census was a detailed enumeration of the Peruvian population. It was conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática from July 18 through August 20, 2005. Its full name in Spanish is X Censo de Población y V de Vivienda ("Tenth Population and Fifth Household Census"). The previous census performed in Peru was the 1993 Census. The following census was the 2007 Census.
The results of the census were released to the public on November 30, 2005 after all the census materials from the country's 25 regions were transported to Arequipa and processed at the INEI information processing center in that city.Cajamarquilla
The Cajamarquilla archaeological site is located 25 km inland from the coastal city of Lima, Peru; in the Jicamarca Valley, 6 km north of the Rímac River. It occupies an area of approximately 167 ha, making it one of the largest archaeological monuments in the country. The site itself is now surrounded by several small villages which are encroaching upon, and threatening, its largely unfenced perimeter - despite its nationally 'protected' status.
Cajamarquilla is an 'adobe' city, which served as an important trading center during the height of the Lima culture. It was occupied throughout the first millennium of the current era, but climate change and natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes) eventually led to its abandonment several hundred years before the Spanish conquest. Situated in a then fertile valley on a major trade route between the 'altiplano' region of the high Andes and the coastal communities of the Pacific coast, Cajamarquilla became a sophisticated center for culture, religion, and commerce. At the site, it is possible to observe the remains of temple pyramids, wide streets, ceremonial squares, cemeteries, underground grain silos, canals, and numerous other enclosures and buildings; many of unidentified use — all constructed using 'tapial' methods (i.e. mud brick and plaster).Cañete Province
Cañete is a province located in southern Lima Region, Peru. It is bordered by the Lima Province on the north, the Ica Region on the south, the Huarochirí and Yauyos provinces on the east, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Its capital is the town of San Vicente de Cañete District. San Luis is the Capital of the Afro-Peruvian Folklore.Defensor Villa del Mar
Club Deportivo Defensor Villa del Mar is a Peruvian football club, playing in the city of Lima, Peru. The club is the biggest of Villa El Salvador city, and one of the biggest in Lima Province. The club were founded 1972, playing in the Copa Perú, which is the third division of the Peruvian league.Department of Lima
The Department of Lima (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlima]) is located in the central coast of the country, its regional seat (capital city) is Huacho.
Lima Province, which contains the city of Lima, the country's capital, is located west of the Lima Region; this province is autonomous and not under the jurisdiction of the Regional Government.Deportivo Zúñiga
Zúñiga is a Peruvian football club, playing in the city of Lima, Peru.
The club is the biggest of Lima city, and one of the biggest in Lima Province.
The club were founded 1981 and play in the Copa Perú which is the third division of the Peruvian league.El Agustino
El Agustino is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is part of city of Lima.
Officially established as a district on January 6, 1965, the current mayor (alcalde) of El Agustino is Víctor Modesto Salcedo Ríos. The district's postal code is 10.Huaca Huallamarca
Huaca Huallamarca (possibly from Quechua wak'a a local god of protection, a sacred object or place / sacred, Walla a people, marka village) also known as Huaca Pan de Azúcar (possibly from Spanish pan de azúcar sugar loaf), is an archaeological site in Peru. It is located in the district of San Isidro, in the city of Lima.Pachacamac District
The Pachacamac District is one of 43 districts of the Lima Province in Peru. The capital of the district is the village of Pachacamac. Its main asset is the archaeological Inca site Pachacamac.Provinces of Peru
The provinces of Peru (Spanish: provincias) are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country. They are divided into districts (Spanish: distritos). There are 196 provinces in Peru, grouped into 25 regions except for the Lima Province which does not belong to any region. This makes an average of seven provinces per region. The region with the fewest provinces is Callao (one) and the region with the most is Ancash (twenty).
While provinces in the sparsely populated Amazon rain forest of eastern Peru tend to be larger, there is a large concentration of them in the north-central area of the country. The province with the fewest districts is Purús Province, with just one district. The province with the most districts is Lima Province, with 43 districts. The most common number of districts per province is eight, a total of 29 provinces share this number of districts.Pucusana District
Pucusana is a district in southern Lima Province in Peru. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the district of Santa María del Mar on the north, the Chilca District of the Cañete Province on the east, and the Pacific Ocean on the south.
It is well known for its beaches and attracts many beachgoers every summer. Many of them also rent apartments during this season, making its population increase considerably. The district has some restaurants and a club with a large seawater swimming pool. The most popular beaches in the district are Naplo and La Tiza.Puente Piedra District
The Peruvian district of Puente Piedra is one of the 43 districts in the Lima Province.
The district was founded on February 14, 1927 by Law Nº 5675. It has an area of 71.18 square kilometers and a population of more than 200,000.Rímac District
Rímac is a district in the Lima Province, Peru. It lies directly to the north of downtown Lima, to which it is connected by six bridges over the Rímac River. The district also borders the Independencia, San Martín de Porres, and San Juan de Lurigancho districts. Vestiges of Lima's colonial heyday remain today in an area of the Rímac district known as the Historic centre of Lima, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.
Downtown Rímac District has, like its southern counterpart, its eastern and western sides divided by Jirón Trujillo, which connects to Lima District's Jirón de la Unión through the Puente de Piedra, the oldest bridge in the whole city. Rímac's East side features the Plaza de Acho, the most famous bullfighting arena in South America and one of the most well known in the world.
Looking directly from Puente Ricardo Palma on downtown Lima district's East side can be seen a large building with the logo of Cristal beer, one of two famous Peruvian brands. This was the main brewery until the Backus company moved operations to Ate in the 1990s.
North of the plant goes the Alameda de los Descalzos, a short boulevard with a large planted median leading into the Convento de los Descalzos (Discalced Monks convent). Built in the 18th century by the Spanish colonial government, it is one of the best features in this lower-middle-class district.
Northern Rímac, or Amancaes, once romanticized in ballads as "La Flor de Amancaes", a hilly prairie, is now overrun with pueblos jóvenes (shanty towns). The Cerro San Cristóbal, which is the highest point in the Lima Province, is located in the district.San Bartolo District
San Bartolo is a district in southern Lima Province in Peru. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the district of Punta Negra on the north, the Huarochirí Province on the east, and the Santa María del Mar District on the south.
It is well known for its beaches and attracts many beachgoers every summer. Many of them also rent apartments during this season, making the district's population increase considerably. San Bartolo has some restaurants and a club with a large seawater swimming pool.San Isidro District, Lima
San Isidro (Lima 27) is a district of the Lima Province in Peru, and one of the upscale districts that comprise the city of Lima.
Officially established on April 24, 1930, San Isidro has become a major financial quarter in recent years, as many banks and businesses left downtown Lima to set up their headquarters in modern office blocks. It is inhabited by mostly upper middle and upper-class families.San Luis District, Lima
San Luis is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is part of city of Lima.
Officially established as a district on May 30, 1968, the current mayor (alcalde) of San Luis is Fernando Javier Durand Mejía. The district's postal code is 30.Santa Anita District
Santa Anita is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is part of city of Lima.
Officially established as a district on October 25, 1989 from parts of Ate and El Agustino separated by the Rio Surco, a ditch which went all the way to Santiago de Surco. The current mayor (alcalde) of Santa Anita is Osiris Feliciano Muñoz. The district's postal code is 43.
The core sections of Santa Anita are: Santa Anita proper, originally a section of Ate; and Los Ficus and Universal, originally sections of El Agustino. Industrial areas to the east of Santa Anita and Universal mark the boundary with Ate.Santa Maria Airport (Peru)
Santa María Airport (IATA: SMG, ICAO: SPMR) is an airport in Santa María, also known as Santa María del Mar, a district of the Lima Province in Peru.Sofía Mulánovich
Sofía Mulánovich Aljovín (born June 24, 1983) is a Peruvian surfer. She is the first Peruvian surfer ever to win a World Surf League World Championship Tour event. She is the first South American ever to win the World Title, which she did in 2004. In 2004, she won three out of the six World Championship Tour events, and finished the season as World Champion. Her main sponsor is Roxy.