Lilo Ramdohr

Lieselotte ″Lilo″ Fürst-Ramdohr (11 October 1913 – 13 May 2013)[1] was a member of the Munich branch of the student resistance group White Rose (Weiße Rose) in Nazi Germany. She was born in Aschersleben.

Lieselotte Fürst-Ramdohr
Liloramdohr
Lilo Ramdohr at the registry office with Carl G. Fürst in Munich, February 1944
Born11 October 1913
Died13 May 2013 (aged 99)
Starnberg, Germany
Known formember of the White Rose resistance group in Nazi Germany

Early life

Ramdohr was a descendant of a merchant family from Aschersleben. After half a year in England and one year at the boarding school of Dr. Fritz Weiß in Weimar where her long year friendship with Falk Harnack began, she moved to Munich in 1934 to become a stage designer.[2] From March 1935 to February 1936, she learned book illustration at the Württembergische Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart. In 1936, she moved to Dresden to attend dance school until the Nazis closed it. Ramdohr switched to a state-run school in Stuttgart, and later ran a private school in Heilbronn. She eventually married Otto Berndl, son of a Bavarian architect.[3] Her religious preference was Lutheran.[4]

The White Rose

In the fall of 1941, she befriended Alexander Schmorell,[5] Christoph Probst and Hans Scholl, and later Traute Lafrenz, Sophie Scholl and Willi Graf.[6] After her husband was killed in Russia in May 1942, she began storing documents and a duplication apparatus in her flat in Neuhausen-Nymphenburg. In November 1942, she expanded the group's underground activities by joining forces with more powerful groups in Berlin such as the Kreisauer Kreis and the Christian resistance leader Dietrich Bonhoeffer through the help of Falk Harnack.[7]

Escape from Munich

On 2 March 1943 Ramdohr was arrested, but was released for lack of evidence.[8] Later that month, Heinrich Himmler ordered her arrested again and sentenced to death, but she managed to escape.[9] Ramdohr married German-born, Brazilian-raised medical student Carl Gebhard Fürst (1920–2010) in February 1944 in Munich, and escaped to her hometown of Aschersleben, using the name Lieselotte Fürst.

Post-war era

Ramdohr survived the war and in 1948 fled with her four-year-old daughter, Doma-Ulrike, out of the Soviet occupation zone back to Bavaria, where she became a sports instructor in boarding schools in Upper Bavaria.[10] In 1995, she published her memoirs "Friendships in the White Rose". Up until her death, she lived in a small town outside Munich.[11] The BBC described her as a "spry 99-year-old".[11]

Documentaries

  • In 1996, Bavarian Broadcasting, BR, televised a biography of Ramdohr as a part of its series Lebenslinien. The director was Hans-Sirks Lampe.
  • In 1995, Geschichtswerkstatt Neuhausen televised interviews with Ramdohr in the documentary Davon haben wir nichts gewusst...Neuhausen unter der Nazi-Zeit.
  • In 2008, interviews with Ramdohr were featured in the documentary Die Widerständigen – Zeugen der Weißen Rose.

Works by Lilo Fürst-Ramdohr

  • Freundschaften in der Weißen Rose. Verlag Geschichtswerkstatt Neuhausen, Munich 1995, ISBN 978-3-931231-00-2
  • Die Weiße Rose (by Inge Scholl); p. 139. Frankfurt/M. 1994, ISBN 978-3-596-11802-1
  • Seiltanz (Lyrics of the Munich Catacombe); Ed. Nanette Bald, Roman Kovar, Munich 1991. ISBN 978-3-925845-20-8

References

  1. ^ "May 31, 2013".
  2. ^ White Rose History, Volume I. Archived from the original on 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  3. ^ "Full text of "Die Kunst : Monatsheft für freie und angewandte Kunst"". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  4. ^ Sachs, Ruth Hanna (1 November 2003). "White Rose History, Volume I [Academic Version]: Coming Together (January 31, 1933 – April 30, 1942)". Exclamation! Publishers – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Annette Dumbach, Jud Newborn. Sophie Scholl and the White Rose. Retrieved 2012-02-04.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ "p. 139". Scribd.com. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  7. ^ Ruth Hanna Sachs. White Rose History, Volume II (Academic Version): Journey to Freedom (May 1 ... p. 690. Retrieved 2012-02-04.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ p.65 et seq.
  9. ^ Gottfried Hamacher, Andrι Lohmar. Gegen Hitler: Deutsche in der Resistance, in den Streitkräften der ... Retrieved 2012-02-04.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  10. ^ Simkin, John. "Lilo Ramdohr". Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational Publishers Ltd. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  11. ^ a b Burns, Lucy (February 21, 2013). "White Rose: The Germans who tried to topple Hitler". BBC World Service. Retrieved February 22, 2013.

Further reading

  • Bassler, Sibylle: Die Weiße Rose, Zeitzeugen erinnern sich. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2006. ISBN 3-498-00648-7.
  • Dumbach, Annette & Newborn, Jud. "Sophie Scholl & The White Rose". Oneworld Publications, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85168-536-3. Page 95, 149.
  • Ruth H. Sachs: White Rose History, Volume I [Academic Version]: Coming Together (January 31, 1933 – April 30, 1942). Exclamation! Publishers, Lehi (Utah, USA) 2003. ISBN 0-9710541-9-3 (Regular Edition: ISBN 0-9710541-4-2).
  • Die Weiße Rose – Gesichter einer Freundschaft (Brochure by Kulturinitiative e.V. Freiburg; S. 12)
  • Shareen Blair Brysac: Resisting Hitler. Mildred Harnack and the Red Orchestra. Oxford University Press 2000. ISBN 0-19-515240-9
  • Barry Pree: White Rose. Trinity Press International 1999. ISBN 0-340-39436-6
  • Corina L. Petrescu: Allen Gewalten zum Trutz sich erhalten": models of subversive spaces in National Socialist Germany University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2006, p. 149 et seq.

External links

Aschersleben

Aschersleben (German pronunciation: [ˈaʃɐsleːbən] (listen)) is a town in the Salzlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated approximately 22 km east of Quedlinburg, and 45 km northwest of Halle (Saale).

Deaths in May 2013

The following is a list of notable deaths in May 2013.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship and reason for notability, established cause of death, reference.

Falk Harnack

Falk Harnack (2 March 1913 – 3 September 1991) was a German director and screenwriter. During Germany's Nazi era, he was also active with the German Resistance and toward the end of World War II, the partisans in Greece. Harnack was from a family of scholars, artists and scientists, several of whom were active in the anti-Nazi Resistance and paid with their lives.

Gerhard Fauth

Gerhard Walter Fauth (April 19, 1915 – November 6, 2003) was a German journalist.

Gustaf Britsch

Gustaf Adolf Britsch (11 August 1879 – 27 October 1923) was an early 20th-century German art theorist and the founder of Gustaf Britsch Institute in Starnberg, Germany.

List of German painters

This is a list of German painters.

Neuhausen-Nymphenburg

Neuhausen and Nymphenburg are boroughs of Munich, the capital of the German state of Bavaria. They had been merged into the borough 09 - Neuhausen-Nymphenburg (German: Stadtbezirk 09) in 1992. For further information on the Munich boroughs, see: Boroughs of Munich.

Ramdohr

Ramdohr is a surname. Notable people with the name include:

Basilius von Ramdohr (1757–1822), German lawyer, art critic and journalist

Caesar A. von Ramdohr (died 1913), American obstetrician and emeritus professor of the New York Post-Graduate Medical School

Lilo Ramdohr (1913–2013), German anti-fascist and member of the Munich branch of the student resistance group White Rose in Nazi Germany

Paul Ramdohr (1890–1985), German mineralogist

State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart

The State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart (German:Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste Stuttgart) is a university in Stuttgart, Germany.

White Rose

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi party regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment.

The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well-known both within Germany and worldwide.

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