Light rail is defined in the United States (and elsewhere) as a mode of electrified (or in a few exceptional cases, diesel-powered) rail-based transit, usually urban in nature, which is distinguished by operation in routes of generally exclusive, though not necessarily grade-separated, rights-of-way. This is distinguished from 'heavy rail' systems, also known as rapid transit or 'metro' (e.g. subway and/or elevated), which are fully grade-separated from other traffic, and which are characterized by higher passenger capacities than light rail. Arguably, traditional streetcars (also known as trolleys in North America, or as trams outside of North America especially in Europe), which is rail-based transit that takes place in shared roadways with automobile traffic (i.e. with street running) and thus does not operate in exclusive rights-of-way, can be considered to be a sub-set of light rail, though the two modes of transit are often treated as distinct in the United States.
According to the American Public Transportation Association, of the roughly 30 cities with light rail systems in the United States, the light rail systems in six of them (Boston, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Portland (Oregon), San Diego, and San Francisco) achieve more than 30 million unlinked passenger transits per year.
The United States has a number of light rail systems in its mid-sized to large cities. In the oldest legacy systems, such as in Boston, Cleveland, Newark, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and San Francisco, the light rail is vestigal from the first-generation streetcar systems of the 19th and early 20th centuries, but were spared the fate of other streetcar systems due to these systems having some grade separation from traffic and high ridership. A number of second-generation light rail systems were inaugurated in the 1980s starting with San Diego in 1981, with a few more built in the 1990s, and many more opened in lower density cities since the early 2000s.
From the mid-19th century onwards, horse-drawn trams (or horsecars) were used in cities around the world. The St. Charles Avenue Line of New Orleans' streetcar system is the oldest continuously operating street railway system in the world, beginning operation as a horse-drawn system in 1835.
From the late 1880s onwards, electrically powered street railways became technically feasible following the invention of a trolley pole system of collecting current by American inventor Frank J. Sprague who installed the first successful electrified trolley system in Richmond, Virginia in 1888. They became popular because roads were then poorly surfaced, and before the invention of the internal combustion engine and the advent of motor-buses, they were the only practical means of public transport around cities.
The streetcar systems constructed in the 19th and early 20th centuries typically only ran in single-car setups. Some rail lines experimented with multiple unit configurations, where streetcars were joined together to make short trains, but this did not become common until later. When lines were built over longer distances (typically with a single track) before good roads were common, they were generally called interurban streetcars or radial railways in North America.
After World War II, six major cities in the United States (Boston, Newark, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Francisco) continued to operate large first-generation streetcar systems, although most of them were later converted to modern light rail standards. Toronto in Canada marks the other city in North America with a continuing first-generation streetcar system. Additionally, a seventh American city, Cleveland, maintained an interurban system (e.g. the Blue and Green Lines) equivalent to what is now "light rail", that opened before World War I, and which is still in operation to this day.
|Boston||MBTA Green Line,
High Speed Line
|Light rail||While changes were made to the original 1897 Tremont Street Subway in 1962 and 2004, and to some of the line routes over the years, and the Green Line's streetcar "A" Branch was closed in 1967, both systems have run intact with mostly uninterrupted service since their opening dates.|
|Cleveland||Blue and Green Lines||1913||2||Light rail
|Aside from line and station renovations in the early 1980s, and the Waterfront extension in 1996, these lines have operated essentially uninterrupted as light rail/interurbans from their opening.|
|Newark||Newark Light Rail
(aka. Newark City Subway)
|1935||2||Light rail||Outside of an extension in 2002, and the switch to modern LRT vehicles in 2001, this line still operates essentially unchanged since the 1930s. A second, modern LRT line, called the Broad Street Extension, opened in 2006.|
|New Orleans||New Orleans Streetcars||1835||4||Heritage streetcar||The St. Charles Avenue Line of the New Orleans streetcar system is the oldest continuously operating street railway system in the world, beginning operation as a horse-drawn system in 1835; the line was electrified in 1893. The Canal Street Line dates to 1861, and was electrified in 1894; however, the line was closed in May 1964, and wasn't re-inaugurated with restored service until 2004. The Riverfront Line and Loyola Avenue Line are "new", and didn't open for service until 1988 and 2013, respectively.|
Subway–Surface Trolley, Route 101 & 102 Trolley Lines, Girard Avenue Line
|Light rail / Streetcar,
|The Subway–Surface Trolley Lines began operation as a mixed subway (Market Street Tunnel)/streetcar system in 1906, and have continued operation essentially unchanged, including the use of single-car trolley vehicles, since that time – however, three of the original eight lines were replaced by buses in the 1950s.|
Similarly, SEPTA Routes 101 & 102 (aka. the Media-Sharon Lines) began operation as rail lines in mostly exclusive rights-of-way (i.e. light rail) in 1906, and have also operated mostly unchanged since then.
Additionally, SEPTA Route 15 (aka. the Girard Avenue Line) dates to 1859 as a horse car line, and was electrified in 1895; it was replaced with buses relatively late, in 1992, but service on the line was resumed with heritage streetcars in 2005 – a portion of the line is closed for construction, but is approximately scheduled to reopen in 2018.
|Pittsburgh||Pittsburgh Light Rail||1903 / 1984–87||2||Light rail||Began as a first-generation streetcar network (operated by Pittsburgh Railways), but was converted to light rail. By the 1970s, most of the original streetcar routes (now operated by PAT) were converted to bus, and it was decided to renovate the remaining streetcar lines (all of which still used the 1904 Mt. Washington Transit Tunnel) as light rail. This included the construction of a new 1.1 miles (1.8 km) downtown subway tunnel section. The converted light rail system opened for service in 1984, with the downtown subway tunnel opened in 1985, and the rest of the system opened in 1987. The light rail system was further renovated in 2004. A subway extension to the North Shore opened in 2012.|
|San Francisco||Muni Metro,
E & F lines,
|1912 / 1980–82,
|Light rail / Streetcar,
|Began as a first-generation streetcar network, and was partially converted to light rail. While most of San Francisco's original streetcar lines had been converted to buses in the post-World War II years, five lines that had dedicated rights-of-way or used narrow tunnels (e.g. the Twin Peaks Tunnel and the Sunset Tunnel) could not be converted to buses. By the 1950s and 1960s, planning for the Market Street Subway was undertaken that would serve both the planned rapid transit BART system, and operate as a new subway tunnel for the five remaining streetcar lines. The partial conversion to the Muni Metro light rail/subway began service in 1980, with full service commencing in 1982 – while operation in the Market Street Subway portion of Muni Metro can be considered true "light rail" service, the remaining surface portions of the five original Muni Metro lines still operate as streetcars. The surface Market Street streetcar operations ceased in 1982; however, full revenue surface streetcar service was restored to Market Street in 1995 as the heritage streetcar F Market & Wharves line. A sixth Muni Metro line, the T Third Street, was added to the system in 2007 and has more features of true light rail than older lines; a new subway extension for this line, the Central Subway, is under construction.|
Many of these lines were formerly cable propelled, but converted to electric traction; only the steepest grades retained cable cars. While serving primarily as a tourist attraction, sections of the current cable car system have been in place prior to consolidation under the Municipal Railway.
When several of these cities upgraded to new technology (e.g. San Francisco, Newark, and Pittsburgh), they called it "light rail" to differentiate it from their existing streetcar systems since some continued to operate portions of both the old and new systems.
In the United States, most of the original first-generation streetcar systems were decommissioned from the 1950s onward through approximately 1970 as the popularity of the automobile increased. Although a few traditional streetcar or trolley systems still exist to this day (e.g. New Orleans), the term "light rail" has come to mean a different type of rail system. Modern light rail technology has primarily German origins, since an attempt by Boeing Vertol to introduce a new American light rail vehicle was a technical failure. After World War II, the Germans retained their streetcar (Straßenbahn) networks and evolved them into model light rail systems (Stadtbahn). Except for Hamburg, all large and most medium-sized German cities maintain light rail (Stadtbahn) networks.
The renaissance of light rail in the United States began in 1981, when the first truly second-generation light rail system was inaugurated in the United States, the San Diego Trolley in California, which adopted use of the German Siemens-Duewag U2 light rail vehicle. (This was just three years after the first North American second-generation light rail system opened in the Canadian city of Edmonton, Alberta in 1978, and which used the same German Siemens-Duewag U2 vehicles as San Diego.)
Historically, the rail gauge has had considerable variations, with a variety of gauges common in many early systems (e.g. the broad Pennsylvania trolley gauge, etc. used by New Orleans' streetcars and by the light rail systems in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). However, most modern second-generation light rail systems now operate on standard gauge rail. An important advantage of standard gauge is that standard railway maintenance equipment can be used on it, rather than custom-built machinery. Using standard gauge also allows light rail vehicles to be delivered and relocated conveniently using freight railways and locomotives. Another factor favoring standard gauge is that low-floor vehicles are becoming popular in second-generation light rail systems, and there is generally insufficient space for wheelchairs to move between the wheels in a narrow gauge layout.
As of April 2018, there are a total of 51 operational light rail-type lines and systems (noting that some cities, such as Philadelphia, Portland, San Francisco and Seattle, have more than one light rail system) that offer regular year-round transit service in the United States: 27 modern light rail systems, 12 modern streetcar systems, and 12 heritage streetcar systems (including the San Francisco cable car system). These include the seven 'legacy' systems described above; the remainder are second-generation "modern" light rail (or streetcar) systems, or are "heritage" streetcar systems, opened since 1980.
The United States, with its 27 systems (as counted by the Light Rail Transit Association), has a much larger number of "true" light rail systems (i.e. not including streetcar and heritage streetcar systems), by far, compared to any other country in the world (the next largest are Germany with 10 light rail systems, and Japan with 7).
All of the operational regular transit light rail and streetcar systems in the United States are listed in the following table:
|Type of vehicle||System|
|Atlanta||GA||Atlanta Streetcar[note 1]||2014||2.7 mi (4.3 km)||12||1||n/a||Siemens S70||Streetcar|
|Baltimore||MD||Baltimore Light Rail[note 2]||1992||33.0 mi (53.1 km)||33||3||2006||ABB Traction||Light rail|
|Boston||MA||MBTA Green Line[note 2][note 3]||1897||22.6 mi (36.4 km)||66||4||1959||Kinki Sharyo Type 7||Light rail|
|AnsaldoBreda Type 8|
High Speed Line[note 2]
|1929||2.6 mi (4.2 km)||8||1||n/a||PCC streetcar||Heritage light rail[note 4]|
|Buffalo||NY||Buffalo Metro Rail||1985||6.4 mi (10.3 km)||14||1||n/a||Tokyu Car Corporation||Light rail|
|NJ||River Line (NJ Transit)||2004||34 mi (55 km)||20||1||n/a||Stadler GTW||Diesel light rail|
|Charlotte||NC||Lynx Blue Line||2007||19.3 mi (31.1 km)||26||1||2018||Siemens S70||Light rail|
|CityLynx Gold Line||2015||1.5 mi (2.4 km)||6||1||n/a||Gomaco||Heritage streetcar[note 5]|
|Cincinnati||OH||Cincinnati Bell Connector||2016||3.6 mi (5.8 km)||18||1||n/a||CAF Urbos 3||Streetcar|
|Cleveland||OH||Blue and Green Lines[note 6]||1913||15.3 mi (24.6 km)||34||2||1996||Breda LRVs||Light rail|
|Dallas||TX||Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART)||1996||93 mi (150 km)||64||4||2016||Kinki Sharyo SLRV||Light rail|
|Dallas Streetcar||2015||2.45 mi (3.94 km)||6||1||2016||Brookville Liberty||Streetcar|
|McKinney Avenue Transit Authority||1989||4.6 mi (7.4 km)||40||1||2015||various||Heritage streetcar|
|Denver||CO||RTD Light Rail||1994||47 mi (76 km)||53||7||2017||Siemens SD-100 and SD-160||Light rail|
|Detroit||MI||QLine||2017||3.3 mi (5.3 km)||20||1||n/a||Brookville Liberty||Streetcar|
|East Contra Costa County||CA||eBART[note 1]||2018||10.1 mi (16.3 km)||3||1||n/a||Stadler GTW||Diesel light rail|
|El Paso||TX||El Paso Streetcar||2018||4.8 mi (8 km)||27||1||n/a||PCC streetcar||Heritage streetcar|
|Houston||TX||METRORail||2004||22.7 mi (36.5 km)||39||3||2017||Siemens S70||Light rail|
|Jersey City||NJ||Hudson–Bergen Light Rail (NJ Transit)[note 2]||2004||17 mi (27 km)||24||3||2006||Kinki Sharyo||Light rail|
|Kansas City||MO||KC Streetcar||2016||2 mi (3.2 km)||16||1||n/a||CAF Urbos 3||Streetcar|
|Kenosha||WI||Kenosha Streetcar||2000||2.0 mi (3.2 km)||17||1||n/a||PCC streetcar||Heritage streetcar|
|Little Rock||AR||Metro Streetcar||2004||3.4 mi (5.5 km)||15||1||2007||Birney-type streetcars||Heritage streetcar|
|Los Angeles||CA||Metro Rail (Blue, Green, Gold and Expo lines)[note 2][note 7]||1990||88.1 mi (141.8 km)||71||4||2016||Siemens P2000||Light rail|
|Nippon Sharyo P2020|
|Kinki Sharyo P3010|
|Memphis||TN||MATA Trolley||1993||6.3 mi (10.1 km)||25||3||2004||various||Heritage streetcar|
|Milwaukee||WI||The Hop||2018||2.5 mi (4 km)||18||1||n/a||Brookville Liberty||Streetcar|
|MN||METRO: Blue & Green lines||2004||21.8 mi (35.1 km)||37||2||2014||Bombardier Flexity Swift||Light rail|
|Newark||NJ||Newark Light Rail
(NJ Transit)[note 2]
|1935||6.2 mi (10.0 km)||17||2||2006||Kinki Sharyo||Light rail|
|New Orleans||LA||New Orleans Streetcars||1835||22.3 mi (35.9 km)||streetcar-like surface stops||4||2016||Perley Thomas cars
|Norfolk||VA||The Tide||2011||7.4 mi (11.9 km)||11||1||n/a||Siemens S70||Light rail|
|CA||SPRINTER||2008||22 mi (35 km)||15||1||n/a||Siemens VT642 Desiro||Diesel light rail|
|Oklahoma City||OK||Oklahoma City Streetcar||2018||4.6 mi (7.4 km)||22||2||n/a||Brookville Liberty||Streetcar|
|Philadelphia||PA||SEPTA Routes 101 and 102[note 2]||1906||11.9 mi (19.2 km)||52||2||????||Kawasaki K cars||Light rail|
Trolley Lines[note 2]
|1906||19.8 mi (31.9 km)||16[note 8]||5||1972||Streetcar|
|SEPTA Route 15
(Girard Avenue Trolley)[note 2]
|2005||8.4 mi (13.5 km)||??||1||2012||SEPTA PCC II||Heritage streetcar|
|Phoenix||AZ||Valley Metro Rail||2008||26.3 mi (42.3 km)||35||1||2016||Kinki Sharyo LFLRV||Light rail|
Pittsburgh Light Rail
|1984||26.2 mi (42.2 km)||53||2||2012||Siemens SD-400||Light rail|
|CAF Class 4300|
|Portland||OR||MAX Light Rail||1986||60 mi (97 km)||97||5||2015||Bombardier Type 1||Light rail|
|Siemens Types 2 & 3|
|Siemens S70 Types 4 & 5|
|Portland Streetcar||2001||7.35 mi (11.83 km)||76||2||2012||Škoda 10 T||Streetcar|
|Inekon 12 Trio|
|United Streetcar 100|
|Sacramento||CA||Sacramento RT Light Rail||1987||42.9 mi (69.0 km)||53||3||2015||Siemens–Duewag U2||Light rail|
|CAF Class 200|
|St. Louis||MO||MetroLink||1993||46 mi (74 km)||37||2||2006||Siemens SD-400||Light rail|
|Loop Trolley||2018||2.2 mi (3.5 km) (full line)||6||1||n/a||various||Heritage streetcar|
|Salt Lake City||UT||TRAX||1999||44.8 mi (72.1 km)||50||3||2013||Siemens SD-100||Light rail|
|S Line||2013||2.0 mi (3.2 km)||streetcar-like surface stops||1||n/a||Siemens S70||Streetcar|
|San Diego||CA||San Diego Trolley||1981||53.5 mi (86.1 km)||53||3||2005||Siemens–Duewag U2||Light rail|
|San Diego Trolley's Silver Line||2011||2.7 mi (4.3 km)||9||1||n/a||PCC streetcar||Heritage streetcar|
|San Francisco||CA||Muni Metro[note 2]||1980[note 9]||35.7 mi (57.5 km)||120[note 10]||6 (+1)||2007||Breda LRVs||Streetcar|
|E Embarcadero and F Market & Wharves lines[note 2]||1995||6.2 mi (10.0 km) (F Line only)||37||2||2015||PCC streetcar||Heritage streetcar|
cable car system[note 11]
|1878||5.2 mi (8.4 km)||streetcar-like surface stops||3||1952||Historic Cable cars||Heritage cable car|
|San Jose||CA||Santa Clara VTA Light Rail||1987||42.2 mi (67.9 km)||62||3||2005||Kinki Sharyo LFLRV||Light rail|
|2009||20.35 mi (32.75 km)||16||1||2016||Kinkisharyo-Mitsui||Light rail|
|Seattle Streetcar||2007||3.8 mi (6.1 km)||17||2||2016||Inekon 12 Trio||Streetcar|
|2003||1.6 mi (2.6 km)||6||1||n/a||Škoda 10 T||Light rail|
|Tampa||FL||TECO Line Streetcar System||2002||2.7 mi (4.3 km)||11||1||2010||Birney-type streetcars||Heritage streetcar|
|Tucson||AZ||Sun Link||2014||3.9 mi (6.3 km)||22||1||n/a||United Streetcar 200||Streetcar|
|Washington, D.C.||DC||DC Streetcar
|2016||2.4 mi (3.9 km)||8||1||n/a||Inekon 12 Trio||Streetcar|
|United Streetcar 100|
The following table lists entirely new light rail or streetcar systems under heavy construction. LRT systems that are in the planning stages but not yet under construction (e.g. Sacramento Streetcar, MARTA Clifton Corridor), are not listed; expansions of existing LRT systems are also not listed here.
|Type of vehicle||System type|
|Tempe||AZ||Tempe Streetcar||2020||3.44 mi (6 km)||Brookville Liberty||Streetcar|
|Orange County||CA||OC Streetcar||2021||4.1 mi (7 km)||Siemens S70||Streetcar|
|Maryland||MD||Purple Line||2022||16.2 mi (26.1 km)||CAF||Light rail|
|City & County of Honolulu||HI||HART||2020||20 mi (32 km)||Hitachi Rail Italy Driverless Metro||Light rail|
Duboce and Noe (also known asSunset Tunnel East Portal and Duboce Park) is a light rail stop on the Muni Metro N Judah line, located inside Duboce Park at the east portal of the Sunset Tunnel in San Francisco, California. The eastern portal of the Sunset Tunnel is located just west of the station. The station opened with the N Judah line on October 21, 1928.HSBC station
HSBC is a TECO Line station located in Tampa, Florida. It is located at Morgan Street and Old Water Street.Light rail in North America
Light rail is a commonly used mode of public transit in North America. The term light rail was coined in 1972 by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA; the precursor to the U.S. Federal Transit Administration) to describe new streetcar transformations which were taking place in Europe and the United States. The Germans used the term Stadtbahn, which is the predecessor to North American light rail, to describe the concept, and many in UMTA wanted to adopt the direct translation, which is city rail. However, in its reports, UMTA finally adopted the term light rail instead.List of North American light rail systems by ridership
The following is a list of all light rail systems in North America, ranked by ridership. Daily figures for American and Canadian light rail systems are "average weekday unlinked passenger trips" (where transfers between lines are counted as two separate passenger "boardings" or "trips"), unless otherwise indicated. For light rail systems in the United States and Canada, these figures come from the American Public Transit Association (APTA) Ridership Reports statistics. For Mexico, the figures are obtained from Banco de Información Económica's Instituto Nacional de Estadísitica y Geografía (INEGI), and the daily figures represent daily passenger trips averaged from the monthly and quarterly ridership figures. All figures are from 2016 and the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2016, unless otherwise noted. "Daily boardings per mile" figures have been rounded to the nearest 5 or 10.
The question of which systems would count as "light rail transit systems" is debatable, so this table includes some systems (such as Toronto's) which are technically streetcars rather than "true" light rail.
American Public Transportation Association - Transit Ridership Report - Q4 2016.
Banco de Información Económica - Instituto Nacional de Estadísitica y Geografía (INEGI) (Note: INEGI only provides monthly figures - figures in table above are for the Q4 2014 monthly average, then divided by 30 days to get the daily average.)List of United States light rail systems by ridership
The following is a list of all light rail systems in the United States, ranked by ridership. Also included are those urban streetcar/trolley systems that are providing regular public transit service (i.e. operating year-round and at least five days/week). This list does not include statistics for metro/rapid transit systems (see: the List of United States rapid transit systems by ridership for those). Daily and annual ridership figures are based on "average weekday unlinked passenger trips" (where transfers between lines are counted as two separate passenger "boardings" or "trips"). The annual ridership figures for 2017 and average weekday ridership figures for the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2017 come from the American Public Transportation Association's (APTA) Ridership Reports statistics for the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2017, unless otherwise noted (e.g. NJ Transit systems). References with supplementary (i.e. non-APTA) ridership figures are included in the System column.List of streetcar systems in the United States
This is an all-time list of streetcar (tram), interurban and light rail systems in the United States, by principal city (or cities) served, and separated by political division, with opening and closing dates. It includes all such systems, past and present; cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. It is one in a group of lists that collectively cover all countries of the world; the other lists are indexed at List of town tramway systems.
This is not a list of streetcar operating companies. It is a list of U.S. cities that were the focus or base of a streetcar system at one time, with starting and ending dates for each general type of streetcar service (e.g. horsecar, electric streetcar) in each city or metropolitan area. "System", as used in the article title, refers collectively to all streetcar infrastructure and rolling stock in a given metropolitan area, used by any of several different operating companies over many years, often passing from one operating company to the next. The "Name of system" column is intended to distinguish the few cases where two distinctly different systems were in operation in one city at the same time, but is also used to identify operators that have a Wikipedia article. In many U.S. cities, the streetcar system was operated by a succession of different private companies during the years in which the system existed.The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent streetcar (or light rail) systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Usually, this refers either to interurban lines connecting the area's principal city with other cities or to cases where separate cities within one metropolitan area were served by independently operated streetcar systems.
Unless otherwise noted in the "Type" column, all systems listed were/are conventional streetcar (tram) systems (although some past systems might have been termed light rail if that 1970s-introduced term had existed at the time they were in operation). Interurban and light rail systems are noted in that column for convenience.
For lists of existing systems only, see the following:
Light rail in the United States
List of United States light rail systems by ridership
Light rail in North America
List of rail transit systems in the United States (which also includes subway/metro and commuter rail systems)Sacramento Streetcar
The Downtown / Riverfront Streetcar is a planned 3.3-mile (5.3 km) streetcar line intended to connect West Sacramento to Sacramento's downtown business districts and the greater transportation network. When complete, the line is projected to have 5,800 daily riders.The project is being undertaken by a consortium including the City of Sacramento, the City of West Sacramento, the Yolo County Transportation District, and the Sacramento Regional Transit District. While distinct from the RT Light Rail system, it will share some right-of-way and assets with that system; RT will likely also operate the line.Streetcars in Los Angeles
Streetcars in Los Angeles over history have included horse-drawn streetcars and cable cars, and later extensive electric streetcar networks of the Los Angeles Railway and Pacific Electric Railway and their predecessors. Also included are modern light rail lines.Wendell Cox
Wendell Cox is an American urban policy analyst and academic, known as a leading proponent of the use of the private car over rail projects. He is the principal and sole owner of Wendell Cox Consultancy/Demographia, based in the St. Louis metropolitan region and editor of three web sites, Demographia, The Public Purpose and Urban Tours by Rental Car. Cox is a fellow of numerous conservative think tanks and a frequent op-ed commenter in conservative US and UK newspapers.
Cox generally opposes planning policies aimed at increasing rail service and density, while favoring planning policies that reinforce and serve the existing transportation and building infrastructure. He believes that existing transportation and building infrastructure reflect what people prefer, while his opponents argue that his positions are based more on a belief that road transport and low density are inherently superior.Whiting station
Whiting is a TECO Line station located in Tampa, Florida. It is located at Franklin Street and Whiting Street.
Italics denote non-transit streetcar lines, operating only on limited dates and usually not year-round, for tourism or educational purposes.
Transit in the United States: