Light commercial vehicle

A light commercial vehicle (LCV) in the European Union, Australia, New Zealand is a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3.5 metric tons (tonnes). The LCV designation is also occasionally used in both Canada and Ireland (where Commercial Van is more commonly used).

Qualifying light commercial vehicles include pickup trucks, vans and three-wheelers – all commercially based goods or passenger carrier vehicles. The LCV concept was created as a compact truck and is usually optimised to be tough-built, have low operating costs and powerful yet fuel efficient engines, and to be utilised in intra-city operations.

Marennes 17 Renault Trafic DCI-115 2014
2006 Renault Trafic, also rebadged as Opel/Vauxhall
Ford Transit front 20071124
2007 Ford Transit
BYD T3 001
BYD T3

Examples

Sales channels

All of the above light commercial vehicles are sold through dealer networks. Usually, a car dealer will have a franchise for the sale of a manufacturer's cars and the LCVs will be sold as an addition. The exceptions to these are Mercedes-Benz, which has a dedicated commercial vehicle network for heavy and light commercial vehicles, Volkswagen, whose franchised dealers usually have standalone van centres, Iveco, and Isuzu Truck. Isuzu Truck market commercial vehicles up to 18 tonnes GVW and Iveco market their heavy truck range with their Daily van to complement this.

Marketing

Many franchised dealers also retail used LCVs, with the poorer quality examples sent to specialist auctions for sale. There is a large network of independent used commercial vehicle retailers who retail thousands of used commercial vehicles every month. LCV dealers are increasingly using the Internet to help sell their vehicles in addition to the traditional print media.

See also

Fiat Marengo

Marengo is a model name that Italian car maker Fiat has given to the van derivatives of its mid size cars, beginning with the "Fiat 131 Marengo" in 1979 and continuing with the Regata, Tempra, and Marea. The Marengo light commercial vehicle derivatives only have two seats, and have only been equipped with diesel engines.

The nameplate was retired in 2001, and succeeded by the van version of the Fiat Stilo Multiwagon. Fiat has a tradition of naming their commercial vehicle derivatives differently from the cars upon which they are based, compare with the Fiorino and the Penny.

Fordson E83W

The Fordson E83W, (also sold from 1952 under the Thames brand as Ford Thames E83W), is a 10 cwt (half ton) light commercial vehicle that was built by Ford of Britain at the Ford Dagenham assembly plant (home of Fordson tractors) between 1938 and 1957. The van was sold in Australia as the Ford Ten-Ten, and the E83W was available in various forms around much of the world as Britain strove to export after World War II. In some countries, the 'cowl and chassis' only was imported and local bodies built.

The E83W was aimed at the small haulage, trade and merchant market, sectors in which it sold well. An estate car variant was also available. During and after World War II, many specialist variations such as mobile canteens, ice cream vans and even fire pumps were built on the E83W chassis.

The E83W was powered by the 1,172 cc (71.5 cu in) Ford 10 hp side-valve engine, with a 3-speed gearbox, and was heavily geared down in the rear axle. This made the Fordson much slower than the saloons, with an effective top speed of not much over 40 mph. Apart from the 10 hp engine, the E83W shares few parts with the other small Fords, which does make spares a little harder to get hold of. The front and rear axles are much heavier than the saloon and 5cwt van components, and share some parts such as bearings and other internals with the contemporary Ford V8 models (Models 62 and E71A Pilot). The headlamps were shared with the E27N tractor, for which they were an optional extra only.

Fujian Benz

Fujian Benz Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly Fujian Daimler Automotive Co., Ltd., is a light commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Fúzhōu, and a joint venture between the German Daimler AG, the Chinese state-owned Fujian Motors Group and the Taiwanese China Motor Corporation.

GAZ Valdai

The GAZ-3310 Valdai (Russian: Валдай) is a medium-class flat bed truck (category N2 MCV) formerly produced from late 2004 until 2015 at the Gorky Automobile Plant in Russia. It differs from the Light commercial vehicle "GAZelle" in that it does require a category C driver's license. The production of the truck ended in December 2015.

JAC Sunray

The JAC Sunray (星锐) is a light commercial vehicle (van) built by JAC Motors from China as a van, chassis cab, minibus, and pickup truck.

Lancia Jolly

The Lancia Jolly was a light commercial vehicle produced by the Italian vehicle manufacturer Lancia between 1959 and 1963. In four years, 3011 units were produced.The low-loading Jolly, based on the Appia passenger car, was available with van or pick-up bodywork. An updated version with a bigger engine, called the Super Jolly, replaced it.

The code name of the Jolly was 809.

Lancia Superjolly

The Lancia Superjolly is an alloy-bodied light commercial vehicle produced by the Italian manufacturer Lancia. The truck, which shares its 815.000 engine and some other mechanicals with the Lancia Flavia, is the successor of the Appia-based Lancia Jolly. The 1½ ton Superjolly has a longer wheelbase than its predecessor. The little truck was produced from 1963 to 1970 in Turin, Italy. The first model (315.000) was produced in 1674 examples, while 1272 of the 1.8-litre 315.024 model meant that overall production was 2948. The Superjolly has front-wheel drive with independent suspension, meaning that the loading area is uncommonly low. The subframe and drivetrain of the Flavia were used, with some modifications to handle heavier work, but the Superjolly also utilized parts from the Appia, Fulvia, and Flaminia ranges. A three-speed manual transmission was standard, although later models had the Flavia's fully synchronized four-speed.

The front suspension setup is similar to the Flavia's, independent double wishbone with a single (albeit heavier duty) transverse leaf spring. The track is 1,385 mm (54.5 in) rather than 1300 as on the Flavia, while the leaf sprung live rear axle is 1,500 mm (59.1 in) wide.

Land Rover Group

Land Rover Group (LRG) was a division of British Leyland (BL) and later the Rover Group that was in existence between 1981 and 1987. LRG brought British Leyland's light commercial vehicle production under one management, consisting of the Land Rover utility 4x4 range, the Range Rover luxury 4x4 and the former Leyland Sherpa van range (re-branded Freight Rover to match the other group members in 1984). LRG operated two factories in the Birmingham area- the Solihull plant and the Freight Rover plant at Washwood Heath.

List of automobile manufacturers of Russia

This is a list of current and defunct automobile manufacturers of Russia.

MAN TG-range

The MAN TG-range is the range of trucks produced since 2000 by the German vehicle manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus. It is the successor to the original F2000, L2000, and M2000 series. It consisted of the TGA (now discontinued), TGL, TGM, TGS, and TGX.

As of 2016 the TG range is made up of five models, with the introduction of the TGE light commercial vehicle, a rebadged Volkswagen Crafter.

Maubeuge Construction Automobile

Maubeuge Construction Automobile (French pronunciation: [mobœʒ kɔ̃stʁyksjɔ̃ otɔmɔbil]; MCA) is a subsidiary of the French car manufacturer Renault created in 1980 to operate the light commercial vehicle plant located at Maubeuge. The company traces its origins back to a Chausson factory established in 1969.

Mercedes-Benz L 319

The Mercedes-Benz L 319 is a light commercial vehicle built by Mercedes-Benz between 1955 and 1967. Larger than a standard delivery van, but smaller than a conventional light truck of the period, it was the manufacturer's first model in this class. The vehicle was offered with a range of van and truck bodies. Special application and minibus (O 319) variants were also available.

Mercedes-Benz Sprinter

The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a light commercial vehicle (van) built by Daimler AG of Stuttgart, Germany as a van, chassis cab, minibus, and pickup truck. In the past the Sprinter has been sold under the Mercedes-Benz, Dodge, Freightliner, and Volkswagen nameplates. In the U.S. it is built from complete knock down (CKD) kits by Freightliner. They are now primarily marketed by Mercedes-Benz. Rebadged and re-engined Sprinters were also sold by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles as the Volkswagen LT and the Volkswagen Crafter.

Nissan Trade

The Nissan Trade is a light commercial vehicle that was produced by Nissan Motor Ibérica S.A. from 1987 to 2001 in Spain and was marketed only in Europe.

It was launched in 1987 as the rebadged version of Ebro F260, F275, and F350, when Nissan completed the acquisition of Ebro factory and launched for the first time a rebadged version of Ebro vehicle.

Renault Maxity

The Renault Maxity is a light commercial vehicle with a cab-over-engine style truck launched by the French manufacturer Renault Trucks in 2007. The Maxity is near-identical to the Nissan Cabstar, sharing the same drive-train and engine options and manufactured on the same Nissan owned production line in Avila, Spain. While the sharing of engines and production facilities is part of the Renault-Nissan Alliance, the vehicle is sold by Renault Trucks which is owned by Volvo.

Sofim

Sofim (Italian: Società franco-italiana di motori) is a joint diesel engine enterprise established between

Fiat, Saviem (Renault) and Alfa Romeo on 13 September 1974 and was bought by Iveco in 1981.

The manufacturing plant is located in Foggia in southern Italy and is nowadays Fiat Powertrain Technologies largest engine plant covering an area of approximately 540,000 square metres (5,800,000 sq ft).

In 1977 Sofim presented the 8140 diesel engine range: a 2.0-liter (1,995 cc) four-cylinder 65 PS (48 kW) and 2.4-liter (2,445 cc) four-cylinder 72 PS (53 kW). These engines were used in light commercial vehicle Saviem SG2, OM Grinta and in the Fiat Daily (Iveco Daily). These engines were used also in Fiat 131 and 132 models.Today, light trucks Fiat Ducato III and Iveco Daily uses Sofim engine of 2.3 L of 96–116 PS (71–85 kW) and 3.0 L 120–166 PS (88–122 kW).

Iveco also provides engines for Fuso, the Asian subsidiary of Daimler AG, a 3.0-liter engines for its light-duty vehicles.

Tata 407

The Tata 407 is a light commercial vehicle manufactured by Tata Motors. Launched in 1986, in 2011 the 407 model sold more than 500,000 units. The 407 has a payload of 2.25 tonnes, an overall length of 4.7 metres, and a turning circle radius of 5.5 metres. Tata purchased all of the pressing tools for Steyr's 591/691-series of trucks in the mid-eighties, a truck which was itself derived from the 1967 Hanomag F-series.

Toyota Probox

The Toyota Probox is a 5-door, 4-seater light commercial vehicle produced by Toyota since July 2002.

The Probox is used with a left-hand drive conversion extensively as a taxi in Peru and Bolivia. It remains in the JDM right hand drive orientation for Jamaica. Right-hand-drive Proboxes are used in Myanmar despite the country's traffic being oriented on the right.In late 2014, the Probox received a redesign and became a replacement for the pre-facelift Toyota Succeed.

Starting in 2018, a rebadged version of the Probox has been offered in Japan as the Mazda Familia Van.

Volkswagen Delivery

The Volkswagen Delivery is the entry-level (5 to 8 tonne GVW) model in the Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus heavy truck range. It sits above the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles light commercial vehicle range; Caddy, Transporter, Crafter and Amarok.

The Delivery trucks gets its name from its vocation of urban and rural pickup and deliveries.

Powered by 140 hp & 150 hp MWM Euro III compliant Diesel engines.

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