Liechtenstein Homeland Service

Liechtenstein Homeland Service (German: Liechtensteiner Heimatdienst, LHD) was a political party in Liechtenstein that advocated corporate statism and the abolition of party politics.[1]

Established in the autumn of 1933, the party's positions began to radicalize and move toward National Socialist ideas within a few months of existence.[1] By December 1933, this radicalization caused some members (such as co-founder Eugen Schafhauser) to abandon the party.[2]

LHD merged with the Christian-Social People's Party (VP) in 1936 to form the Patriotic Union (VU).[3]

Liechtenstein Homeland Service

Liechtensteiner Heimatdienst
Merged intoPatriotic Union
NewspaperStimme für heimische Wirtschaft, Kultur und Volkstum
(Voice for local business, culture and folklore)
IdeologyCorporate statism



  1. ^ a b c "Liechtensteiner Heimatdienst". (in German). Liechtenstein National Archives. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Schafhauser, Eugen". (in German). Liechtenstein National Archives. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Parties in Liechtenstein 1921-1943". Prince and People: Liechtenstein Civics (in German). School Office of the Principality of Liechtenstein. 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
1932 Liechtenstein general election

General elections were held in Liechtenstein on 6 March 1932, with a second round on 13 March. The result was a victory for the ruling Progressive Citizens' Party, which won 13 of the 15 seats in the Landtag. This was the last election contested by the Christian-Social People's Party before it merged with the Liechtenstein Homeland Service to form the Patriotic Union.

Christian-Social People's Party (Liechtenstein)

The Christian-Social People's Party (German: Christlich-Soziale Volkspartei), often shortened to People's Party (German: Volkspartei, VP), was a social liberal political party in Liechtenstein. Founded in 1918, it and the Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP) were the first political parties in Liechtenstein.

Christian Social Party (Liechtenstein)

The Christian Social Party of Liechtenstein (German: Christlich-Soziale Partei Liechtensteins, CSP) was a political party of Liechtenstein.

Eidgenössische Sammlung

Eidgenössische Sammlung (German; literally "Confederate Collection") was a Swiss political party, founded in 1940 by Robert Tobler as a successor to the recently dissolved National Front.The party demanded an adjustment in Swiss policy to favour the Axis powers. This was particularly important as, after June 1940 the country was surrounded by fascist and Nazi states. It was open in its loyalty towards Nazi Germany.The Eidgenössiche Sammlung was closely supervised by the state because of its origins and so could not develop freely. In 1943 the police finally cracked down on the group and it was outlawed along with all of its sub-organisations as part of a wider government initiative against the National Front and its offshoots.

Faith and Beauty Society

The BDM-Werk Glaube und Schönheit (German for BDM Faith and Beauty Society) was founded in 1938 to serve as a tie-in between the work of the League of German Girls (BDM) and that of the National Socialist Women's League. Membership was voluntary and open to girls aged 17 to 21.

Free List (Liechtenstein)

The Free List (German: Freie Liste, FL) is a centre-left political party in Liechtenstein. As of 2017, it has three seats in the Landtag of Liechtenstein and is represented in six of the eleven local councils. It was founded in 1985 and describes itself as social-democratic and green.

German National Movement in Liechtenstein

The German National Movement in Liechtenstein (German: Volksdeutsche Bewegung in Liechtenstein, VDBL) was a National Socialist party in Liechtenstein that existed between 1938 and 1945.


Hirden (the hird) was a uniformed paramilitary organisation during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, modelled the same way as the German Sturmabteilungen.

Index of Liechtenstein-related articles

This is an index of Liechtenstein related topics.


LHD can mean:

Landing helicopter dock, a US Navy hull classification symbol for multipurpose amphibious assault ships of the Wasp class.

Large Helical Device, a major Japanese nuclear fusion reactor.

Left hand drive, a vehicle with the driving controls mounted on the left side of the cabin. Used in most countries where traffic travels on the right-hand side of the road.

Liechtenstein Homeland Service, a defunct corporatist party in Liechtenstein.

Limburgse Handbal Dagen, a handball tournament in Limburg.

Linear Heat Detection, a type of fire alarm system utilized in tunnels and special hazards.

Litterarum Humanarum Doctor, Latin for Doctor of Humane Letters, an honorary academic degree for persons with significant accomplishments in fields other than science.

Load, haul, dump machine, a vehicle used in underground mining.

List of fascist movements by country G–M

A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country.

List of political parties in Liechtenstein

This article lists political parties in Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein has a two-party system where the two largest political parties—the Patriotic Union (VU) and the Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)— dominate politics within the Landtag of Liechtenstein, frequently in coalition. There are currently two minor parties represented in the Landtag which form the opposition: The Independents (DU), and the Free List (FL).

National Union (Switzerland)

The National Union (French: Union Nationale) was a French-speaking fascist political party in Switzerland between 1932 and 1939.

The Union was formed in Geneva in 1932 by Georges Oltramare, a lawyer and writer. Noted for his anti-Semitic writing, Oltramare founded the Order Politique Nationale in 1931 but merged it with the Union de Défense Economique the following year to form the National Union. The group continued under Oltramare's leadership until 1940 when he moved to Paris in order to co-operate more closely with the Nazis. Oltramare spent four years as a member of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland representing the National Union.The Union became notorious for a demonstration in Geneva on November 9, 1932 when their march to the city's Salle Communale was counterdemonstrated by the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland. In the resulting trouble the Swiss army opened fire on the Socialists resulting in 13 deaths.

National Unity Party (Canada)

The Parti National Social Chrétien (English: National Social Christian Party) was a Canadian political party formed by Adrien Arcand in February 1934. The party identified with antisemitism, and German leader Adolf Hitler's Nazism. The party was later known, in English, as the Canadian National Socialist Unity Party or National Unity Party.

Nationale Jeugdstorm

The Nationale Jeugdstorm (English: National Youth Storm; NJS) was a Dutch youth movement that existed from 1934 to 1945, organized as the Dutch equivalent of the German Hitlerjugend and as a Nazi counterpart of Scouting Nederland.

Non-Party List

The Non-Party List Liechtenstein (German: Überparteiliche Liste Liechtenstein, ULL) was a political party in Liechtenstein formed to contest the 1989 general election and prevent any of the larger parties from forming a majority. It did not reach the minimum vote threshold to gain seats in the Landtag, and subsequently dissolved in 1990.

Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein)

The Patriotic Union (German: Vaterländische Union, VU) is a Christian-democratic political party in Liechtenstein. The VU is one of the two major political parties in Liechtenstein, along with the national-conservative Progressive Citizens' Party. The VU is the more liberal of the two parties, advocating constitutional monarchy and greater democracy. It is led by Jakob Büchel and has eight members in the Landtag.

The Immortals (neo-Nazis)

The Immortals (German Die Unsterblichen) was a neo-Nazi organization based in Germany that uses flash mobs to coordinate, gather and demonstrate. The members wear black clothing with white facial masks and carry torches when they march.

The Independents (Liechtenstein)

The Independents (German: Die Unabhängigen; abbreviated DU, meaning "YOU" in German), is a right-wing populist Eurosceptic political party in Liechtenstein. In the 2013 parliamentary election, the first they contested, they won 29,740 votes (15.3%) and four seats in the Landtag. DU is headed by former Patriotic Union parliamentarian Harry Quaderer.

International commentators suggested that the party had benefited from protest votes against austerity measures.

Represented in the Landtag
Defunct parties

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