Liberation Day

Liberation Day is a day, often a public holiday, that marks the liberation of a place, similar to an independence day. Liberation marks the date of either a revolution, as in Cuba, the fall of an oppressive regime, as in Portugal, or the end of an occupation by another state, as in the Netherlands, thereby differing from independence in the meaning of secession from another country.

List

Country Date Year Event Name of holiday
 Afghanistan February 15 1989 Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan
 Albania November 29 1944 Liberation from Nazi Germany Dita e Çlirimit or Liberation Day
 Bangladesh December 16 1971 Liberation from Pakistan Bijoy Dibosh in Bangladesh and Vijay Diwas in India's West Bengal, or Victory Day
 Belarus July 3 1944 Liberation from Nazi Germany Republic Day or Independence Day
 Bulgaria March 3[1] 1878 Creation of the Principality of Bulgaria Liberation Day
 Cambodia January 7 1979 Liberation from the Khmer Rouge Victory Day
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the May 17 1997 Coup led by Laurent-Désiré Kabila following the First Congo War Liberation Day
 Cuba January 1 1959 Cuban Revolution under the leadership of Fidel Castro Triunfo de la Revolución or Triumph of the Revolution
 Czech Republic May 8 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany Den vítězství (Victory Day), originally (until 2004) Den osvobození (Liberation Day)
 Denmark May 5 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany Danmarks befrielse or Liberation Day (no public holiday)
 Ethiopia May 5 1941 Liberation from Italy Arbegnoch Qen or Patriots' Day
 Falkland Islands June 14 1982 Liberation from Argentina Liberation day
 Guam July 21 1944 Liberation from Japan[2][3][4]
 Guernsey (Channel Islands) May 9 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany[5] Liberation Day
 Hong Kong Last Monday in August 1945 Liberation from Japan, celebrated between 1945–1996 (no longer a general holiday as of 1997) Liberation Day (V-J Day 30 August)
 India December 19 (Goa only) 1961 Liberation of Goa from Portugal
 Italy April 25 1945 General insurrection in Northern Italy by the Italian Resistance Movement, end of Benito Mussolini's regime and Nazi occupation (known locally as Liberazione)
 Jersey (Channel Islands) May 9 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany[6] Liberation Day
 Korea, North /  Korea, South August 15 1945 Liberation from Japan Gwangbokjeol
 Kuwait February 26 1991 Liberation from Iraq[7]
 Lebanon May 25 2000 Withdrawal of the Israeli Forces from Lebanon Liberation Day
 Libya October 23 2011 Muammar Gaddafi killed, ending the 2011 Libyan civil war
 Lithuania August 31 1993 Withdrawal of Russian army after 49 years of occupation Laisvės diena or Freedom Day (no public holiday)
 Macedonia October 11 1941 Uprising day in Macedonia, the beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia
 Mali November 19 1968 End of Modibo Keïta's regime
 Netherlands May 5 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany Bevrijdingsdag or Liberation Day
 Nicaragua July 19 1979 Nicaraguan Revolution
 Northern Mariana Islands July 4 1945 Liberation from Japan
 Norway May 8 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany
 Portugal April 25 1974 Fall of the Estado Novo (New State) fascist regime (known locally as the Carnation Revolution (Revolução dos Cravos) Freedom Day
 Rwanda July 4 1994 Defeat of the previous regime by the RPF, ending the Rwandan Genocide
 Slovakia May 8 1945 Liberation from Nazi Germany Deň víťazstva nad fašizmom
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands April 25 1982 Liberation from Argentina
 Togo January 13 1967 Military coup under the leadership of Etienne Eyadema
 Turkey August 30 1922 End of the Turkish War of Independence
 Uganda January 26[8] 1986 End of Tito Okello's regime and the capture of power by the Museveni regime
 Ukraine October 28 1944 Liberation from Nazi Germany completed as Red Army captures Chop Liberation Day (Ukraine)
 Vietnam April 30 1975 Liberation from Saigon regime (also known as "Day of liberating the South for national reunification")

See also

References

  1. ^ Mrŭchkov, Vasil (2011). Labour Law in Bulgaria. Kluwer Law International. p. 120. ISBN 978-9-041-13616-9.
  2. ^ Norman Sklarewitz (10 July 2012). "Guam: Tourist site steeped in military history, to mark Liberation Day". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  3. ^ Leibowitz, Arnold H. (1989). Defining Status: A Comprehensive Analysis of United States Territorial Relations. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 324. ISBN 9780792300694. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  4. ^ Manchester, William (2008). Goodbye, Darkness: A Memoir of the Pacific War. Hachette Digital, Inc. p. 218. ISBN 9780316054638. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  5. ^ Johnson, Ben. "Guernsey". Historic UK. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-11. Retrieved 2012-05-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link).
  7. ^ "Flag-hoisting ceremony signals start of Kuwait national celebrations of 2017". Kuwait Times. 3 February 2017. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  8. ^ "National Events Calendar". Government of Uganda. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla

The 1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla was an attack on the 92nd Motorized Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) in the Bosnian city of Tuzla on 15 May 1992. The incident occurred at the road junction of Brčanska Malta. At least 50 members of the JNA were killed and 44 wounded during the attacks.

Africa Day

Africa Day (formerly African Freedom Day and African Liberation Day) is the annual commemoration of the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) (now known as the African Union) on 25 May 1963. It is celebrated in various countries on the African continent, as well as around the world.

Liberation Day (Albania)

The Liberation Day (Albanian: Dita e Çlirimit) is commemorated as the day, November 29, 1944, in which Albania was liberated from Nazi Germany forces after the Albanian resistance during World War II.

Liberation Day (Channel Islands)

In Jersey and Guernsey, Liberation Day (Jèrriais: Jour d'la Libéthâtion) is celebrated each year on 9 May, to mark the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II. It is celebrated as Guernsey and Jersey's national day.

Liberation Day (Netherlands)

In the Netherlands, Liberation Day (Dutch: Bevrijdingsdag) is celebrated each year on May the 5th to mark the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II.

The nation was liberated by Canadian forces, British infantry divisions, the British I Corps, the 1st Polish Armoured Division, American, Belgian, Dutch and Czechoslovak troops. Parts of the country, in particular the south-east, were liberated by the British Second Army which included American and Polish airborne forces (see Operation Market Garden) and French airbornes (see Operation Amherst). On 5 May 1945 the Canadian General Charles Foulkes and the German Commander-in-Chief Johannes Blaskowitz reached an agreement on the capitulation of German forces in the Netherlands in Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen. One day later the capitulation document was signed in the auditorium of Wageningen University located next door.

After liberation in 1945 Liberation Day was celebrated every five years. In 1990 the day was declared a national holiday when liberation would be remembered and celebrated every year.

On May 4 the Dutch hold "Dodenherdenking" Remembrance of the Dead for the people who fought and died during World War II and in wars in general. There are remembrance gatherings all over cities and in the country, the better-known at the National Monument on Dam Square in Amsterdam and at the Waalsdorpervlakte in the dunes near The Hague, one of the infamous Nazi execution places. Throughout the country two minutes of silence is observed at 8 pm. On May 5 the liberation is celebrated and festivals are held at most places in the Netherlands with parades of veterans and 14 musical festivals through the whole country.

May

May is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the third of seven months to have a length of 31 days.

May is a month of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, May in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of November in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. Late May typically marks the start of the summer vacation season in the United States and Canada and ends on Labor Day, the first Monday of September.

National Liberation Day of Korea

The National Liberation Day of Korea is a holiday celebrated annually on August 15 in both North and South Korea. It commemorates Victory over Japan Day, when U.S. and Soviet forces ended the decades-long Japanese occupation of Korea. It is notable for being the only Korean public holiday celebrated by both North and South Korea.

National day

A national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country. This nationhood can be symbolized by the date of independence, of becoming a republic or a significant date for a patron saint or a ruler (birthday, accession, removal, etc.). Often the day is not called "National Day" but serves and can be considered as one. The national day will often be a national holiday. Many countries have more than one national day.

Most countries have a fixed-date national day, but some have movable dates. An example is Jamaica, which up to 1997 celebrated its national day on the first Monday in August. This commemorated independence from the United Kingdom which was attained on Monday, 6 August 1962, the first Monday in August of that year. Israel's Independence Day is not fixed relative to the civil Gregorian calendar, being formally linked to 5 Iyar on the Jewish calendar, but may also be moved to any day between 3 and 6 Iyar in order to avoid preparing for or celebrating either Independence Day or Memorial Day (which immediately precedes Independence Day) on Shabbat; the practical effect of this is that Independence Day may be celebrated any day between 15 April and 15 May. Another example is Thailand which celebrates the birthday of the king on 28 July. This date will change on the accession of the heir to the throne.

Most national days can be categorized in two large blocks:

Newer countries that celebrate their national day as the day of their independence.

Older countries that use some other event of special significance as their national day.Denmark and the United Kingdom are among the few countries that do not have designated national days (though Constitution Day has many of the same features of a national day in Denmark's case).

New York City LGBT Pride March

The annual New York City LGBT Pride March, or New York City Pride March, traverses southward down Fifth Avenue and ends at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan. The New York City Pride March rivals the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, Sao Paulo Gay Pride Parade and the Madrid Pride as the largest pride parade in the world, attracting hundreds of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June. The March passes by the site of the Stonewall Inn on Christopher Street, location of the June 1969 Stonewall riots that launched the modern Gay Rights Movement. The March, along with The Rally, PrideFest, and Pride Island are the main annual events organized by NYC Pride. Since 1984, the volunteers of the non-profit Heritage of Pride (HOP) have produced these events for New York City, supported in earlier days by limited staff.As of 2017, plans were advancing by the State of New York to host the largest international LGBT pride celebration in 2019, known as Stonewall 50 / WorldPride, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. In New York City, the Stonewall 50 / WorldPride events produced by Heritage of Pride will be enhanced through a partnership made with the I LOVE NY program's LGBT division and shall include a welcome center during the weeks surrounding the Stonewall 50 / WorldPride events that is open to all. Additional commemorative arts, cultural, and educational programing to mark the 50th anniversary of the rebellion at the Stonewall Inn will be taking place throughout the city and the world; it is believed that 2019 will be the largest international LGBT pride celebration held in history.

Public holidays in Afghanistan

This is a list of public holidays in Afghanistan.

Public holidays in Bulgaria

The official public holidays in Bulgaria are listed in the table below.

Public holidays in Iraq

This is a list of public holidays in Iraq.

Public holidays in Kuwait

This is a list of holidays in Kuwait. Some dates given are according to the solar Gregorian calendar widely used internationally and some dates are according to the lunar Islamic calendar.

Public holidays in Mali

This is a list of public holidays in Mali.

Public holidays in Seychelles

This is a list of holidays in Seychelles. January 1: New Year's Day

April 6: Good Friday

April 9: Easter Monday

May 1: Labour Day

June 7: Corpus Christi

June 18: Constitution Day

June 29: National Day

August 15: Assumption/La Digue Festival

November 1: All Saints' Day

December 8: Immaculate Conception

December 25: Christmas Day

Public holidays in Togo

Public holidays in Togo are days when workers get the day off work.

Public holidays in Vietnam

Public holidays in Vietnam are days when workers get the day off work. Prior to 2007, Vietnamese workers observed 8 days of public holiday a year, among the lowest in the region. On 28 March 2007 the government added the traditional holiday commemorating the mythical Hùng Kings to its list of public holidays, increasing the number of days to 10. As in most other nations, if a holiday falls during the weekend, it is observed on the following Monday.

San Marino

San Marino ( (listen), Italian: [san maˈriːno]), officially the Republic of San Marino (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. Its size is just over 61 km2 (24 sq mi), with a population of 33,562. Its capital is the City of San Marino and its largest settlement is Dogana in the municipality of Serravalle. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe. With Italian being the official language, along with strong financial and ethno-cultural connections, San Marino maintains close ties to its much larger neighbour; it is located close to the riviera of Rimini, one of Italy's main coastal resort areas.

The country derives its name literally from Saint Marinus, a stonemason originating from the Roman colony on the island of Rab, in modern-day Croatia. In AD 257, Marinus, according to legend, participated in the reconstruction of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus then went on to found an independent monastic community on Monte Titano in AD 301; thus, San Marino lays claim to be the oldest extant sovereign state as well as the oldest constitutional republic.San Marino is governed by the Constitution of San Marino (Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini), a series of six books written in Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country's political system, among other matters. The country is considered to have the earliest written governing documents, or constitution, still in effect.The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is among one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP (per capita), with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions. San Marino is considered to have a highly stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no national debt and a budget surplus, and has the world's highest rate of car ownership, being the only country with more vehicles than people.

San Marino is one of the only three countries in the world to be completely surrounded by a single other country (the others being Vatican City, also surrounded by Italy, and Lesotho). It is the third smallest country in Europe, with only Vatican City and Monaco being smaller. It is also the fifth smallest country in the world.

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