Lhotse Shar

Lhotse Shar is a subsidiary mountain of Lhotse, and the 11th-highest mountain on Earth, at 8,383 m (27,503 ft) high. It has the highest fatality rate of all the eight-thousanders – for every two people who summit the mountain, one person dies attempting to.[1] However, this is primarily because most climbers tend to try to ascend to the primary peak of Lhotse, rather than the lowest summit of the mountain. It was first climbed by Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter on May 12, 1970.

On April 27, 1980, Nicolas Jaeger was seen for the last time at 8,200 metres (26,900 ft) altitude during an attempted ascent of Lhotse Shar in Nepal, and is presumed dead.[2]

Lhotse Shar
LhotseShar JHK 2014 10
Lhotse Shar in 2014
Highest point
Elevation8,383 m (27,503 ft)
Prominence86 m (282 ft)
Isolation0.62 km (0.39 mi)
Parent peakLhotse
Coordinates27°57′30″N 86°56′36″E / 27.95833°N 86.94333°ECoordinates: 27°57′30″N 86°56′36″E / 27.95833°N 86.94333°E
Lhotse Shar is located in Nepal
Lhotse Shar
Lhotse Shar
Location in Nepal
LocationNepal (Khumbu)
China (Tibet Autonomous Region)
Parent rangeMahalangur Himal
First ascentMay 12, 1970


  1. ^ "Lhotse Shar 8400 metres". EverestNews. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  2. ^ Buffet, Charlie (20 March 2005). "Nicolas Jaeger au pays de l'oxygène rare" (in French). Le Monde. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
Ambulapcha Glacier

Ambulapcha Glacier is a glacier of the Himalayas in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal. It adjoins Imja Glacier to its south and with Lhotse Shar Glacier forms three major glaciers. It forms the Ambulapcha Tsho glacial lake, located at 27°53′35″N 86°54′47″E.

Amphu Labtsa pass

Amphu Labtsa pass, elevation 5,845 metres (19,177 ft), is a glaciated pass covered in serac cliffs at the head of the Honku valley. It provides a way out of the otherwise relatively isolated Honku valley. The base of the valley is at 5,000 m (16,400 ft) and has several glacial lakes including the Panch Pokhri or Five Sacred Lakes. The Amphu Labtsa pass is crossed by mountaineers en route to Island Peak or Baruntse expeditions and involves technical mountaineering. The ice and rock summit is quite exposed and provides good views of Lhotse Shar, Island Peak and the Imja Glacier. The way down into the Imja valley on the other side of the pass involves abseiling followed fixed rope descent. The approximate alpine grade of the Amphu Labtsa pass would be 'D'.

Chatra Gorge

The Chatra Gorge is a canyon cut by the Kosi River across the Mahabharat Range in Nepal.

Hunku Glacier

The Hunku Glacier is located in the Khumbu of eastern Nepal and forms the southern base of Baruntse (7,220 m).

Imja Glacier

Imja Glacier (Nepali: इम्जा हिमनदी) is located in the Himalayas, in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal.

It originates on the western face of Kali Himal, 7,057 metres (23,153 ft), and skirts the southern slopes of Imja Tse or Island Peak, south-east of Mount Everest. It is joined by the Lhotse Shar and Ambulapcha Glaciers. The glacier forms the eastern extent of Imja Tsho, which in turn drains through the Dingboche valley to the Imja Khola, Dudh Kosi, Ganges River and finally the Indian Ocean.

Imja Tse

Imja Tse, better known as Island Peak, is a mountain in Sagarmatha National Park of the Himalayas of eastern Nepal. The peak was named Island Peak in 1953 by members of the British Mount Everest expedition because it appears as an island in a sea of ice when viewed from Dingboche. The peak was later renamed in 1983 to Imja Tse but Island Peak remains the popular choice. The peak is actually an extension of the ridge coming down off the south end of Lhotse Shar.

The southwest summit of Imja Tse was first climbed in 1953 as part of a training exercise by a British expedition that went on to summit Mount Everest. The team who climbed Imja Tse comprised Tenzing Norgay, Charles Evans, Alfred Gregory, Charles Wylie and seven other Sherpas. The main summit was first climbed in 1956 by Hans-Rudolf Von Gunten and two unknown Sherpas, members of a Swiss team that went on to make the second ascent of Everest and first ascent of Lhotse.Imja Tse is a popular mountaineering objective for climbers in Nepal, with its standard climbing route having the difficulty rating of Alpine PD+. The peak is typically climbed in a round trip from Kathmandu in 20 days.

Imja Tsho

Imja Tsho (or Imja Lake) is a glacial lake created after melt water began collecting at the foot of the Imja Glacier on the lower part of the glacier in the 1950s. A 2009 study described this lake of melt water as one of the fastest-growing in the Himalaya. Held in place by a terminal moraine, Imja Tsho threatens downstream communities with the potential for a glacial outburst flood.Imja Tsho has been identified as one of the potentially dangerous lakes in Himalaya. It is located at 27° 53' 55" N latitude, 86° 55' 20" E longitude and at an altitude of 5010 m in Everest region of Nepal. The catchment of Imja Tsho occupies the northeastern part of the Dudh Koshi sub-basin. The lake itself is located on the lower part of the glacier at the toe of its mother glaciers (snout of Imja and Lhotse Shar Glaciers). The Lhotse Shar Glacier flows in a south-westerly direction. The Imja Glacier on the other hand is oriented in a north-westerly direction and has its terminus at about 5100 m. These two glaciers coalesce approximately 3.5 km above the terminus and flow westwards just beneath the trekking path of Imja Tse.

The lake was first mapped in the form of a few ponds from the satellite image taken in 1962. The total area of the ponds was approximately 0.03 km2 then (27916 sq m). With the melting of glaciers, the ponds merged into a supra-glacial lake in the 1970s and it has grown continuously ever since. The lake area increased to approximately 0.8 km2 (796600 sq m) in 2000 with an average growth rate of 0.02 km2 per year. On the basis of newly released image of 21 November 2009 on Google Earth, the Imja Tsho has attained an area of 1.055 km2 as a result of which the growth rate of the lake has increased to 0.025 km2 per year from 2000 to 2009. The preliminary analysis has also shown that there has been an increase of almost 11% in the lake area compared to the area calculated on the basis of satellite image received on October 2008.

In 2016 the Nepalese Army constructed an outlet and drained over 4 million cubic meters of water from the lake.

Lakhandei River

The Lakhandei River is a river in southern Nepal and in the state of Bihar in India. It is a main tributary of the Bagmati River.In Nepal, the river basin lies in the Sarlahi District, and the river originates in the Sivalik Hills. The river enters India in the Sitamarhi district of Bihar, and flows through the town of Sitamarhi. It then enters the Muzaffarpur district, and joins the Bagmati at Katra (within the Muzaffarpur district).The Lankhandei is known for flooding.


Lhotse (Nepali: ल्होत्से L'hōtsē [loːtsi]; Tibetan: ལྷོ་རྩེ, lho rtse) is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft), after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. Part of the Everest massif, Lhotse is connected to the latter peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414 m (27,605 ft), and Lhotse Shar at 8,383 m (27,503 ft). The summit is on the border between Tibet of China and the Khumbu region of Nepal.

Lhotse Shar Glacier

Lhotse Shar is a glacier of the Himalayas in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal. It adjoins Imja Glacier to the northeast and with Ambulapcha Glacier forms three major glaciers. To the east is Cho Polu (6734m/22,093ft).

List of deaths on eight-thousanders

The eight-thousanders are the 14 mountains that rise more than 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) above sea level; they are all in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges.

This is a list of mountaineers who have died on these mountains.

List of rivers of Nepal

This is a list of rivers in Nepal, east to west. This list is arranged by drainage basin, indented to show the structure of confluences. Tributaries rising inside India are not shown.

The rivers only of Nepal

Kankai River

yubraj river

Koshi River




Dudh Koshi

Imja Khola

Hongu River

Liku River or Likhu Khola

Bhote Koshi

Tama Koshi

Indravati RiverBagmati River

Kamala River

Lakhandei River

Bisnumati River

Gandaki River (Narayani) (Kali Gandaki)

Binai River

East Rapti River

Trishuli River

Seti Gandaki River


Budhi Gandaki River

Nisi River

Madi River

Ghaghara River (Karnali)

West Rapti River

Rohni River

Tinau River

Mari River

Jimruk River

Babai River

Sharada Khola

Sarju River

Mohan River

Kandra River

Bheri River

Thuli Bheri River

Sani Bheri River

Thuli River

Seti River

Budhiganga River

Sinja River

Mugu Karnali

Langu River

Panjang River

Humla Karnali

Tanke River

Sharda River (Mahakali Nadi) (Kali River)

Surna River

Chameliya River

Kalapani River

Mechi River

The Mechi River is a trans-boundary river flowing through Nepal and India. It is a tributary of the Mahananda River.

Ngozumpa glacier

The Ngozumpa glacier, below the sixth highest mountain in the world Cho Oyu in Nepal, at 36 kilometres (22 mi), is the longest glacier in the Himalayas. Ngozumpa Glacier is a large persistent body of ice. It flows slowly due to stresses induced by its weight.

Nicolas Jaeger

Nicolas Jaeger (1946–1980) was a French physician and alpinist.

Panjang River

The Panjang River, a tributary of the Karnali, flows through north-western Nepal.

Ratua Khola

The Ratua Khola (Nenglish: Ratuwa Riveria) (Nepali: रतुवा खोला) is a river in eastern part of Nepal. It originates from Chure Pahad of Nepal and merges with the Kankai River in Bihar, India. This river serves as the eastern border of Damak, a big and developed city in the eastern part of Nepal. This river also touches chilhara village.

Sepp Mayerl

Sepp Mayerl, also known as Blasl-Sepp (April 14, 1937 − July 28, 2012) was an Austrian mountaineer.

Mayerl was born on April 14, 1937 as the youngest of seven children into a farmer's family in the Tyrolean village of Göriach near Dölsach. He is renowned for making the first ascent of Lhotse Shar — a subsidiary summit of Lhotse — in May 1970 together with his friend Rolf Walter and for first climbing Mt. Jitchu Drake in May 1983 with Werner Sucher, Albert Egger, Alois Stuckler and Toni Ponholzer.

Mayerl fell to his death in the Lienzer Dolomites on July 28, 2012 while ascending the north ridge of the Adlerwand. He was 75.

Seti River

The Seti River is an important tributary of the Karnali system that drains western Nepal.


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