Levi L. Lamborn

Levi Leslie Lamborn (October 10, 1829 – June 14, 1910) was an Ohio doctor, horticulturalist, and politician.

Born in 1829 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, Lamborn was the son of Townsend Lamborn and Anna (Clayton) Lamborn.[1] Townsend Lamborn was involved in local politics and once ran for governor as the nominee of the Anti-Masonic party.[1] The Lamborns were a Quaker family, and Levi was educated in schools of that sect.[1] The family moved to Ohio when Lamborn was a boy and settled in Salem, Ohio.[1] Lamborn decided at the age of fifteen to pursue a career in medicine. After studying under a local doctor, he moved to Philadelphia for additional training, then returned to Ohio to attend lectures at Western Reserve College (now Case Western Reserve University) in Cleveland.[1]

After graduating in 1849, Lamborn moved to Alliance, Ohio, and set up a medical practice.[1] That same year, he married Maria Grant.[2] They would have six children, all of whom were given the initials L.L.L.[2] In 1854, he founded the Alliance Ledger, the town's first newspaper, but sold it a few months later.[3] Lamborn became involved in local politics, running for a seat in the Ohio House of Representatives as a Free Soil candidate in 1858.[1] He was unsuccessful, but was appointed the clerk of the house from 1859 to 1861.[1] In 1866, he retired from the practice of medicine, but remained active in politics.[1] In 1874, Lamborn ran for a state senate seat, this time as a Democrat. He was not elected, but ran again in 1876, this time for the United States House seat for Ohio's 17th congressional district. Lamborn's opponent in 1876 was his friend William McKinley, the future president, who defeated Lamborn by some 3300 votes.[4]

In 1874, Lamborn founded a bank with several associates.[2] He also became a trustee of the State Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb.[2] Although he no longer ran for office after 1876, Lamborn remained a popular speaker on behalf of Democratic candidates in the area.[2] Lamborn was a serious student of horticulture, specifically dealing with breeding carnations. He grew some of the first carnations in the United States in 1866.[5] Before a debate in his 1876 race against McKinley, he gave his opponent a red carnation; after McKinley won, he adopted the flower as a good-luck token for the rest of his career in politics, keeping a vase of them in the White House.[5] In 1892, Lamborn published a book on the subject, "American Carnation Culture".[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i S. Lamborn, p. 180
  2. ^ a b c d e S. Lamborn, p. 181
  3. ^ Bara & Crist, p. 2
  4. ^ Morgan, p. 43
  5. ^ a b Goodman & Brunsman, p. 47
  6. ^ L.L. Lamborn, passim


  • Bara, Craig; Crist, Lyle (1998). Alliance (Images of America series). Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing.
  • Goodman, Rebecca; Brunsman, Barrett J. (2005). This Day in Ohio History. Cincinnati, Ohio: Emmis Books.
  • Lamborn, Levi Leslie (1892). American Carnation Culture. (Dianthus caryophyllus semperflorens.): Its Classification, History, Propagation, Varieties, Care, culture, etc. Alliance, Ohio.
  • Lamborn, Samuel (1894). The Genealogy of the Lamborn family: with Extracts from History, Biographies, Anecdotes, etc. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Press of M.L. Marion.
  • Morgan, H. Wayne (2003). William McKinley and His America (revised ed.). Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press. ISBN 978-0-87338-765-1.
Alliance, Ohio

Alliance is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. Most of the city is located in northeast Stark County while a small portion is in adjacent Mahoning County approximately 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Canton, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Youngstown and 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Cleveland. The population was 22,322 as of the 2010 census. Alliance was established in 1854 by combining three smaller communities. The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City". The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance.

Most of the city is part of the Canton–Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion of the city in Mahoning County is within the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Dianthus caryophyllus

Dianthus caryophyllus, the carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus. It is probably native to the Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the last 2,000 years.It is an herbaceous perennial plant growing up to 80 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous greyish green to blue-green, slender, up to 15 cm long. The flowers are produced singly or up to five together in a cyme; they are around 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly scented; the original natural flower color is bright pinkish-purple, but cultivars of other colors, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed.Carnation cultivars with no fragrance are often used by men as boutonnieres or "button holes."


Lamborn is a surname, and may refer to

Lamborn (Hambledon cricketer), English cricketer of the 18th century

Chris Lamborn (born 1916), Australian rules footballer

Doug Lamborn (born 1954), American politician

Harry Lamborn (1915–1982), British politician

Josiah Lamborn (1809–1847), American lawyer

Kathleen Lamborn, American biostatistician

Levi L. Lamborn (1829–1910), American doctor and politician

Peter Spendelowe Lamborn (1722–1774), English engraver

Peter Lamborn Wilson (born 1945), American anarchist

Tony Lamborn (born 1991), New Zealand rugby player

William McKinley

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver (effectively, expansionary monetary policy).

McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier, beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, Ohio, where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In 1876, he was elected to Congress, where he became the Republican Party's expert on the protective tariff, which he promised would bring prosperity. His 1890 McKinley Tariff was highly controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and 1893, steering a moderate course between capital and labor interests. With the aid of his close adviser Mark Hanna, he secured the Republican nomination for president in 1896 amid a deep economic depression. He defeated his Democratic rival William Jennings Bryan after a front porch campaign in which he advocated "sound money" (the gold standard unless altered by international agreement) and promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity.

Rapid economic growth marked McKinley's presidency. He promoted the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition and in 1900 secured the passage of the Gold Standard Act. McKinley hoped to persuade Spain to grant independence to rebellious Cuba without conflict, but when negotiation failed he led the nation into the Spanish–American War of 1898—the United States victory was quick and decisive. As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army. The United States annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898 and it became a United States territory.

Historians regard McKinley's 1896 victory as a realigning election in which the political stalemate of the post-Civil War era gave way to the Republican-dominated Fourth Party System, which began with the Progressive Era. McKinley defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election in a campaign focused on imperialism, protectionism and free silver. His legacy was suddenly cut short when he was shot on September 6, 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a second-generation Polish-American with anarchist leanings. McKinley died eight days later and was succeeded by his Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. As an innovator of American interventionism and pro-business sentiment, McKinley's presidency is generally considered above average, though his highly positive public perception was soon overshadowed by Roosevelt.

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