Lev Ivanovich Yashin (Russian: Лев Ива́нович Я́шин, 22 October 1929 – 20 March 1990), nicknamed the "Black Spider" or the "Black Panther", was a Soviet professional footballer, considered by many as the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the sport. He was known for his athleticism, positioning, stature, bravery, imposing presence in goal, and acrobatic reflex saves. He was also deputy chairman of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union.
Yashin earned status for revolutionising the goalkeeping position by imposing his authority on the entire defence. A vocal presence in goal, he shouted orders at his defenders, came off his line to intercept crosses and also ran out to meet onrushing attackers, done at a time when goalkeepers spent the 90 minutes standing in the goal waiting to be called into action. His performances made an indelible impression on a global audience at the 1958 World Cup, the first to be broadcast internationally. He dressed head to toe in apparent black (in truth very dark blue), thus earning his nickname the 'Black Spider', which enhanced his popularity.
Yashin appeared in four World Cups from 1958 to 1970, and in 2002 was chosen on the FIFA Dream Team of the history of World Cups. In 1994, he was chosen for the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team, and in 1998 was chosen as a member of the World Team of the 20th Century. According to FIFA, Yashin saved over 150 penalty kicks in professional football – more than any other goalkeeper. He also kept over 270 clean sheets in his career, winning a gold medal at the 1956 Olympic football tournament, and the 1960 European Championships. In 1963, Yashin received the Ballon d'Or, the only goalkeeper ever to receive the award. He was voted the best goalkeeper of the 20th century by the IFFHS.
Lev Yashin in 1965
|Full name||Lev Ivanovich Yashin|
|Date of birth||22 October 1929|
|Place of birth||Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union|
|Date of death||20 March 1990 (aged 60)|
|Place of death||Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union|
|Height||1.89 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Yashin was born in Moscow to a family of industrial workers. When he was 12, World War II forced him to work in a factory to support the war effort. However his health at the age of 18 (after he suffered a nervous breakdown) meant he was unable to work. Thus, he was sent to work in a military factory in Moscow. After being spotted playing for the factory team he was invited to join the Dynamo Moscow youth team.
Yashin’s debut for Dynamo Moscow came in 1950 in a friendly match. It was not the debut he would have hoped for, as he conceded a soft goal scored straight from a clearance by the opposing keeper. That year he played in only two league games, and did not appear in a senior match again until 1953. But he remained determined, and stayed at Dynamo in the reserves waiting for another opportunity. Yashin also played goalie for the Dynamo ice hockey team during those early years of trying to break into the senior squad. He managed to win a USSR ice hockey cup in 1953 and was third in the USSR ice hockey championship as goalkeeper.
He spent his entire professional football career with Dynamo Moscow, from 1950 to 1970, winning the USSR football championship five times and the Soviet Cup three times. Yashin's club teammate, rival and mentor was Alexei "Tiger" Khomich, the keeper of the Soviet national team, who had become famous for his role in Dynamo Moscow’s British tour. He also internally rivaled goalkeeper Valter Sanaya, who left the club in 1953.
In 1954, Yashin was called up to the Soviet national team, and would go on to gather 78 caps. With the national team he won the 1956 Summer Olympics as well as the first European championship, the 1960 European Nations' Cup. He also played in three World Cups, in 1958, 1962 and 1966. Yashin is credited with four clean sheets out of the 12 games he played in the World Cup finals.
The 1958 World Cup, played in Sweden, put Yashin on the map for his performances, with the Soviet Union advancing to the quarter-finals. In a group stage match against the eventual Cup winners Brazil, the Soviet team lost 2–0. Facing a Brazil team that featured Garrincha and a 17 year old Pelé in attack, Yashin’s performance prevented the score from becoming a rout.
Yashin was nominated for Ballon d'Or in 1960 and 1961 and placed fifth and fourth, respectively. In 1962, despite suffering two concussions during the tournament, he once again led the team to a quarter-final finish, before losing to host country Chile. That tournament showed that Yashin was all too human, having made some uncharacteristic mistakes. In the game against Colombia, which the Soviet Union was leading 4–1, Yashin let in a few soft goals, including a goal scored by Marcos Coll directly from a corner kick (the first and the only goal scored directly from a corner in FIFA World Cup history). The game finished in a 4–4 tie, which led the French newspaper L'Équipe to predict the end of Yashin’s career. He did, however, make an outstanding save against Chile in the quarter-final. Despite this, the Soviet Union suffered a 2–1 defeat and were eliminated from the World Cup.
Despite the disappointment of the 1962 World Cup, Yashin would bounce back to win the Ballon d'Or in December 1963. One of his best performances that year was the 1963 England v Rest of the World football match, where he made a number of spectacular saves. From that point onward he was known to the world as the "Black Spider" because he wore a distinctive all-black outfit and because it seemed as though he had eight arms to save almost everything. But to his fans, he was always the fearless "Black Panther". He often played wearing a cloth cap of burnt-brick colour. Yashin led the Soviet team to its best showing at the FIFA World Cup, a fourth-place finish in the 1966 World Cup held in England.
Always ready to give advice to his comrades, Yashin even made a fourth trip to the World Cup finals in 1970, held in Mexico, as the third-choice back-up and an assistant coach. The Soviet team again reached the quarter-finals. In 1971, in Moscow, he played his last match for Dynamo Moscow. Lev Yashin’s FIFA testimonial match was held at the Lenin Stadium in Moscow with 100,000 fans attending and a host of football stars, including Pelé, Eusébio and Franz Beckenbauer.
In 1986, following a thrombophlebitis contracted while he was in Budapest, Yashin underwent the amputation of one of his legs. He died in 1990 of stomach cancer, despite a surgical intervention in an attempt to save his life. He was given a state funeral as a Soviet Honoured Master of Sport.
Yashin was survived by wife Valentina Timofeyevna and daughters Irina and Elena; when Russia hosted the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Valentina was still living in the Moscow apartment that the Soviet state had given her husband in 1964. Yashin has one granddaughter and one surviving grandson; another grandson died in 2002 at age 14 from injuries suffered in a bicycle accident. The surviving grandson, Vasili Frolov, played as a goalkeeper in Dynamo's youth section and was on the books of the senior side, but never played a game with the senior side, retiring from play at age 23. He now runs a goalkeeper training school in Moscow near Spartak Moscow's current stadium.
Considered by many in the sport to be the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the game, Yashin was an imposing presence in goal due to his tall stature, and was highly regarded for his athleticism, positional sense, bravery, and exceptional reflexes, which enabled him to produce acrobatic and spectacular saves. Yashin remains the only goalkeeper to have won the Ballon d'Or, in 1963. He also stopped 151 penalty kicks during his career, more than any other goalkeeper in the history of the sport, and kept over 270 clean sheets. For his outstanding service to the people and to his country, Yashin was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1967, the highest award of the USSR.
“Yashin revolutionised the role of goalkeeper like no other before him, by always being ready to act as an extra defender” and by “starting dangerous counter-attacks with his positioning and quick throws”.
A vocal and authoritative figure between the posts, Yashin is known for revolutionizing the goalkeeping position: he shouted orders at his defenders, came off his line to intercept crosses, and also ran out to meet onrushing attackers, done at a time when goalkeepers spent the 90 minutes standing in the goal waiting to be called into action. Yashin would always organise the defensive game of his team, often so fiercely that even his wife accused him of yelling too much on the pitch. He rarely captained his teams, as the later accepted custom of appointing a goalkeeper captain was virtually unheard-of in that era, but his leadership on the field was always evident. Yashin was one of the goalkeepers who began the practice of punching balls out in difficult situations instead of trying to catch them. Other novel practices he developed were the quick throw of the ball to begin a counterattack, coming out of the penalty area to anticipate danger, and the command and organisation of the defenders – practices now quite common among goalkeepers. When asked what his secret was, he would reply that the trick was "to have a smoke to calm your nerves, then toss back a strong drink to tone your muscles."
In 1994, FIFA established the Lev Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper at the World Cup finals. FIFA polls named Yashin as the sole goalkeeper in World Team of the 20th Century. World Soccer magazine named him in their 100 Greatest Players of the 20th century. Many commentators consider Yashin the best goalkeeper in the history of football, which has resulted in him being chosen to be the goalkeeper in most of the world-all-time teams (including the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team and the FIFA Dream Team).
The following works are devoted to Yashin:
"What kind of a goalkeeper is the one who is not tormented by the goal he has allowed? He must be tormented! And if he is calm, that means the end. No matter what he had in the past, he has no future."— Lev Yashin.
"The joy of seeing Yuri Gagarin flying in space is only superseded by the joy of a good penalty save."— Lev Yashin.
"There have only been two world-class goalkeepers. One was Lev Yashin, the other was the German boy who played for Manchester City."
"I am not the best goalkeeper in the world, it is Vladimir Beara."
"Yashin plays football better than me".
|Dynamo Moscow||1950||Top League||2||0|
|Soviet Union national team|
The 1960 UEFA European Nations' Cup was the first European Football Championship, held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The first tournament was held in France. It was won by the Soviet Union, who beat Yugoslavia 2–1 in Paris after extra time.
The tournament was a knockout competition; just 17 teams entered with some notable absences, West Germany, Italy and England among them. The teams would play home-and-away matches until the semi-finals; the final four teams would then move on to the final tournament, whose host was selected after the teams became known.
In the quarter-finals, Spain, who were under Francisco Franco's far-right dictatorship at the time, refused to travel to the Soviet Union (the main supporter of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War) for the first leg. Spain were disqualified and, accordingly, three of the final four teams were from communist countries: USSR, Czechoslovakia, and SFR Yugoslavia, to go with hosts France.
In the semi-finals, the Soviets made easy work of the Czechoslovaks in Marseille, beating them 3–0. The other match saw a nine-goal thriller as Yugoslavia came on top 5–4 after coming back from a two-goal deficit twice. Czechoslovakia beat the demoralized French 2–0 for third place.
In the final, Yugoslavia scored first, but the Soviet Union, led by legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin, equalized in the 49th minute. After 90 minutes the score was 1–1, and Viktor Ponedelnik scored with seven minutes left in extra time to give the Soviets the inaugural European Championship.1963 Ballon d'Or
The 1963 Ballon d'Or, given to the best football player in Europe as judged by a panel of sports journalists from UEFA member countries, was awarded to Lev Yashin, the first, and as of 2018, the only goalkeeper to win this award. Also he became the first Soviet and Russian national to win the trophy.1963 England v Rest of the World football match
England v Rest of the World was a 1963 association football match held at the Wembley Stadium in London. It was dedicated to the 100th anniversary of The Football Association and was the first time a world team played against a single nation. Jimmy Greaves was close to scoring for England several times in the first half, but failed due to laudable saves by Lev Yashin. In the second half, when Yashin was replaced by Milutin Šoškić, Greaves assisted Terry Paine to score in the 66th minute. Denis Law equalized 16 minutes later, but Greaves brought England to a last-minute victory. Greaves had the best game of his career and was considered as the best player of the match, while Yashin's saves had significantly contributed to his reputation of the world's best goalkeeper and earned him Ballon d'Or two months later.1975 Ballon d'Or
The 1975 Ballon d'Or, given to the best football player in Europe as judged by a panel of sports journalists from UEFA member countries, was awarded to the Soviet forward Oleg Blokhin on 30 December 1975. There were 26 voters, from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Germany, England, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Romania, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, West Germany and Yugoslavia.Blokhin became the second Soviet (and the first Ukrainian) footballer who won the trophy after Lev Yashin (1963).1986 Ballon d'Or
The 1986 Ballon d'Or, given to the best football player in Europe as judged by a panel of sports journalists from UEFA member countries, was awarded to Soviet forward Igor Belanov on 30 December 1986. There were 26 voters, from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Germany, England, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Romania, Scotland, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, West Germany and Yugoslavia.Belanov became the third Soviet national who win the award after Lev Yashin (1963) and Oleh Blokhin (1975).2011 Lev Yashin Cup
The 2011 Lev Yashin Cup was an international invitational football tournament contested among the under-21 youth squads of Everton F.C., FC Dynamo Moscow, OFK Beograd, and SC Freiburg which took place on July 15 and July 16, 2011 in Moscow, Russia. All matches were played at the Arena Khimki.
The tournament was formed and named in honor of former Soviet/Russian national football team goalkeeper, Lev Yashin by Dynamo Moscow, the club with which he spent his entire career. Naming rights for the tournament were bought by VTB Bank. “Russia is preparing for the World Cup 2018. That’s why we decided to make an emphasis on young players who I hope will participate in this great event”, said Vasily Titov, chairman of Dynamo Moscow, while explaining the change in the tournament format since its inception in 2008.Apostol Sokolov
Apostol Sokolov (Bulgarian: Апостол Соколов; 23 October 1917 - 12 June 1987), nicknamed Potso, was a Bulgarian football goalkeeper. On club level, he played for Levski Sofia, Prince Kiril Sofia and Spartak Sofia. Playing 15 times for Bulgaria during the 1940s and 1950s, Sokolov represented them at the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Sokolov was considered one of the Eastern Europe's best goalkeepers during his career. He is regarded as the first goalkeeper who began to leave the goal line like modern keepers and even Lev Yashin said Sokolov was his inspiration. He had good reflexes and sense of positioning but above all he's remembered for his innovative style of play.
His son Georgi Sokolov was one of the most talented Bulgarian footballers who played as a winger or forward for Levski Sofia and Bulgaria.Dynamo Moscow
Dynamo Moscow (Russian: Дина́мо Москва́) is a Russian leading sports club based in Moscow. Founded by Felix Dzerzhinsky on 18 April 1923, Dynamo Moscow was the first institution created from the All-Union Dynamo Sports Club and the only one still connected to the old Dynamo. Throughout its long history, the society has produced elite athletes like Galina Gorokhova, Lev Yashin, Mikhail Voronin, Vitaly Davydov, Maria Isakova and Ludmilla Tourischeva among others.
Since 6th of September 2016, Vladimir Strzhalkovskiy is the Chairman of VFSO Dynamo, succeeding Vladimir Pronichev who resign after 16 years in office.Estadio Carlos Dittborn
Estadio Carlos Dittborn (Carlos Dittborn Stadium) is a multi-purpose stadium in Arica, Chile. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium currently holds 9,746 people and was built in 1962 as a venue for the 1962 World Cup, which was hosted by Chile. It was named in honor of Carlos Dittborn, the president of the Chilean Organization Committee for the World Cup, who died one month prior to the start of the 1962 World Cup. It is the home stadium of San Marcos de Arica.
The stadium held the matches of Group 1 (consisting of Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Uruguay, Colombia), as well as the second round match between Chile and Soviet Union. It witnessed the only Olympic goal (scored directly from a corner kick) in world cup history (as of 2018), scored by Colombian Marcos Coll against Russian goalkeeper Lev Yashin.Georgi Sokolov
Georgi Apostolov Sokolov (Bulgarian: Георги Апостолов Соколов; 19 June 1942 - 27 June 2002) was a Bulgarian international footballer. A forward with remarkable ball control, imagination, dribbling skills and feints, Sokolov is regarded as one of the most talented Bulgarian footballers of all time. His father was the great Bulgarian goalkeeper Apostol Sokolov who was known as the first one to leave the goal line like modern keepers and was an inspiration for Lev Yashin.Sokolov spent the majority of his playing career with Levski Sofia, winning two A Group titles and two Bulgarian Cups. At international level, he represented Bulgaria at the 1962 FIFA World Cup.IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper
The IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper is a football award given annually since 1987 to the most outstanding goalkeeper of the year as voted by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS). The votes are cast by IFFHS's editorial staff as well as experts from different continents.Igor Akinfeev
Igor Vladimirovich Akinfeev (Russian: Игорь Владимирович Акинфеев, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ vlɐˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪtɕ ɐkʲɪnˈfʲe(j)ɪf]; born 8 April 1986) is a Russian professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for and captains PFC CSKA Moscow.He has spent his entire career at CSKA, making more than 500 official appearances. He won six Russian Premier League titles, and six Russian Cups, as well as the UEFA Cup in 2005.
A full international for Russia between 2004 and 2018, he has earned 100 caps and has been selected in their squads for three UEFA European Championships and two FIFA World Cups. He was named captain of Russia in March 2017, after the retirement of his predecessor Vasili Berezutski.Akinfeev is a member of the Lev Yashin Club and has kept more clean sheets in Russian football than any other goalkeeper.[Note 1]Lev Yashin Club
Lev Yashin Club (Russian: Клуб имени Льва Яшина) is an unofficial list of Soviet and Russian football goalkeepers that have achieved 100 or more clean sheets during their professional career. This club is named after the first Soviet goalkeeper to achieve 100 clean sheets: Lev Yashin. The list was created and maintained by journalist and statistician Konstantin Yesenin.Lev Yashin Cup
Lev Yashin Cup (Russian: ВТБ Кубок Льва Яшина) is an annual summer international football tournament held in memory of former goalkeeper of the USSR national football team and FC Dynamo Moscow: Lev Yashin. The rights to the tournament name are owned by the VTB bank. FC Dynamo Moscow, is a permanent participant, as it is the club Yashin spent his entire club career at. Since 2011, the tournament includes youth teams.
8 teams play in the tournament, and are divided into 2 groups of 4. The teams play 3 round-robin 90-minute matches. Winners of both groups play in the final. Runners-up from the groups play in the match for third place, and third place teams in the match for fifth place. In the case of a draw after 90 minutes, was an extra time and if it did not indicate the winner is determined after a series of penalty shootout.
The first edition of the tournament took place in 1994. Three teams played 2 round-robin 45-minute matches. Brazilian club Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras won the tournament as the highest point. The next edition was only after 16 years of absence in 2010.Marcos Coll
Marcos Tulio Coll Tesillo (23 August 1935 – 5 June 2017) also known as El Olímpico was a Colombian professional footballer who played for Junior de Barranquilla and other clubs, and represented Colombia in the 1962 FIFA World Cup. He was famous for scoring the only Olympic goal in any FIFA World Cup, beating legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin in a 4–4 draw against the Soviets in 1962.Soviet Footballer of the Year
The award Soviet Footballer of the Year was awarded to the best footballer of the Soviet Union from 1964 until 1991. The poll was conducted among journalists by the weekly sport newspaper Football (Football-Hockey). Each journalist named his own top three player every year. Each place carried a point weight such as 1st place was worth 3 pts., 2nd - 2, and 3rd - 1.
The idea for the award appeared right after Lev Yashin has received Ballon d'Or award in 1963.Turgay Şeren
Turgay Sabit Şeren (15 May 1932 – 6 July 2016) was the former goalkeeper of Galatasaray. He played at Galatasaray between 1947 and 1966 and was capped 52 times for Turkey, including two matches at the 1954 FIFA World Cup. His heroic saves against West Germany in 1951 in Berlin was what he is still remembered for. Turkey had won 2–1. Because of that unforgettable day, he is nicknamed as "Berlin Panteri" (Panther of Berlin). He also coached Galatasaray. Şeren was awarded a testimonial match by the club in 1967 in Istanbul, inviting players like Ion Pârcălab, Lev Yashin and Ion Nunweiller.After his retirement, Şeren became a football columnist and a television commentator.
Şeren died at age 84 on 6 July 2016. He was interred at Zincirlikuyu Cemetery following a memorial service held at the Türk Telekom Arena and the religious funeral service at Teşvikiye Mosque on 9 July 2016. He was survived by his son Emre ŞerenViktor Bannikov
Viktor Maksymovych Bannikov (Russian: Ви́ктор Макси́мович Ба́нников, Ukrainian: Віктор Максимович Банніков; 28 April 1938 – 25 April 2001) was a Ukrainian football official and a Soviet player. He was considered one of the best goalkeepers in the Soviet Union earning the title of the best twice in 1964 and 1970. Bannikov had 138 clean sheets earning him a place in the symbolic Lev Yashin club. Distinguished Master of Sport of USSR (1991).Yashin
Yashin (Russian: Я́шин) or Yashina (Russian: Я́шина; feminine) is a Russian surname that is derived from Yasha, a diminutive of the male given name Yakov, and literally means Yasha's. It may refer to:
Alexander Yashin (1913–1968), Russian poet and writer
Alexei Yashin (born 1973), Russian NHL ice hockey player
Ekaterina Yashina (born 1993), Russian tennis player
Ilya Yashin (born 1983), leader of Yabloko's youth wing
Lev Yashin (1929–1990), Russian football (soccer) goalkeeper
Yashin Award, a FIFA award named in his honor
Yashin (band), Scottish post-hardcore band.
Soviet Union squads