Les Identitaires

Les Identitaires (English: The Identitarians), formerly the Bloc Identitaire (English: Identitarian Bloc), is a Identitarian nationalist movement in France.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Like the French New Right, scholars generally consider the movement far-right or sometimes as a syncretic mixture of multiple ideologies across the political spectrum.[1][7][8][9][10]

Les Identitaires contains a number of strains of political thought including varieties of socialism, Catholic social teaching, direct democracy, regionalist decentralisation, and Yann Fouere's concept of a Europe of 100 flags.[4] The group additionally advocates an anti-American and anti-Islamic foreign policy, calling the United States and Islam the two major imperialistic threats to Europe.[3]

It was founded in 2003 by some former members of Unité Radicale and several other anti-Zionist and National Bolshevik sympathisers. It included Fabrice Robert, former Unité Radicale member, former elected representative of the National Front (FN) and also former member of the National Republican Movement (MNR), and Guillaume Luyt, former member of the monarchist Action française, former Unité Radicale member, former director of the youth organisation of the FN, National Front Youth (FNJ). Luyt claims inspiration by Guillaume Faye's works in the Nouvelle Droite movement.

The youth wing of Bloc Identitaire, called in France Génération Identitaire, or Generation Identity, expanded to other European states soon after its creation in 2012, including Generazione Identitaria in Italy and Identitäre Bewegung in Germany and Austria.[11][12] Other youth wings are also present in the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Belgium, Slovenia, Hungary, and the United Kingdom and Ireland.

The movement has been widely considered neo-fascist, although Les Identitaires does not consider itself as such.[2][3]

Identity Bloc

Bloc identitaire
PresidentFabrice Robert
FoundedApril 6, 2003
Preceded byRadical Unity
HeadquartersBP 13
06301 Nice Cedex 04
NewspaperNovopress
Youth wingGeneration Identity/Generation Identitaire (formerly)
IdeologyFrench nationalism
Ethnopluralism
Identitarianism
Political positionRight-wing to Far-right
(or syncretic)
European affiliationNone
International affiliationNone
European Parliament groupNo MEPs
Colours          Black, Blue
National Assembly
0 / 577
Senate
0 / 348
European Parliament
0 / 74
Website
les-identitaires.com

Ideology

It opposes "imperialism, whether it be American or Islamic."[3]

The Bloc Identitaire runs the agency and website Novopress, that has associates in most of Western Europe and North America.[13]

Novopress

Novopress presents itself as an "international news agency"[14] founded by Fabrice Robert, a leader of the French nationalist organization Bloc Identitaire.[15] Among its managers is Guillaume Luyt, former leader of the Front national de la jeunesse.[16] Patrick Gofman is one of the editors of Novopress.info (French section).[17]

Novopress is politically geared towards nationalist, anti-Islamist and far right themes. As of 2008 Novopress had 13 national editions in Europe and North America, including in Ireland, Italy and France.

Novopress logo
Logo of Novopress

Controversies

The Bloc Identitaire has been accused of intentionally distributing several popular soups containing pork in order to exclude religious Jews or Muslims; in Strasbourg, Nice, Paris, and in Antwerp with the association Antwerpse Solidariteit close to the Vlaams Belang. These so-called "identity soups" ("soupes identitaires") have been forbidden by the prefecture of the Haut-Rhin in Strasbourg on 21 January 2006, and called "discriminatory and xenophobic" by MEP Catherine Trautmann (PS) in a 19 January 2006 letter to the High authority for the struggle against discrimination and for equality (HALDE).

This ethno-regionalist movement has also organised a campaign against the rap group Sniper in 2003, which was taken up by the conservative Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), leading to the cancellation of several concerts of the band. UMP deputy Nadine Morano interpolated Interior Minister (UMP) Nicolas Sarkozy on this theme, while 200 UMP deputies, led by François Grosdidier, tried without success to censor several hip-hop bands. Sarkozy criticized the hip-hop group as "ruffians who dishonour France."

In 2004, the Bloc Identitaire also organized a campaign against Italian writer Cesare Battisti, one-time member of the terrorist group Armed Proletarians for Communism, who was wanted in Italy for an assassination carried out during the Years of Lead, in which he denies responsibility. Battisti accused the "cell of the Italian embassy" of having "financed" the Bloc identitaire's campaign against him (in Ma Cavale, p. 160). Battisti was convicted to life sentence in his homeland for a total of 36 charges, including participation on four murders. The French government would subsequently decide to extradite him to Italy, but Battisti escaped to Brazil where he was granted political asylum.

In 2010, they staged a protest in "resistance to the Islamization of France" at the Arc de Triomphe (relocated from an earlier planned site in Goutte-d'Or) where people would eat pork and drink grape juice or wine.[18][19] In November 2012 the Generation Identitaire, the youth wing of the BI, occupied the mosque in Poitiers, the site where Charles Martel defeated an invading Muslim Moorish force in 732.[4] In June 2018, Facebook banned Generation Identity for violating its policies against extremist content and hate groups.[20]

In December 2018, Al Jazeera produced a documentary entitled "Generation Hate" featuring an undercover journalist who had infiltrated Generation Identitaire. The documentary included undercover footage of Generation Identitaire members in the northern French city of Lille racially abusing and assaulting migrant youths, advocating violence against Muslims, and alleged linkages between Generation Identitaire and Front National. [21] Generation Identitaire's actions were condemned by Mayor of Lille Martine Aubry and Prefect of the North Michele Lalande, who advocated prosecuting offenders for inciting hatred and closing down La Citadelle, which served as a meeting place for location Generation Identitaire members in Lille. Prosecutor Thierry Pocquet Haut-Jussé has also announced an investigation by the Central Directorate of Public Security into the activities of the Generation Identitaire members.[22][23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Kleinfeld, Philip (January 9, 2015). "A Close Look at the French Far Right". Vice News. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  2. ^ a b The Staff (February 22, 2018). "Generation Identity: A Millennial Fascism for the Future?". EuropeNow Journal. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Staff (October 12, 2015). "American Racists Work to Spread 'Identitarian' Ideology". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Haydn Rippon (November 2, 2012), "Occupy Le Mosque: France's New Radical Nativism", The Conversation – via Boston University
  5. ^ Feder, J. Lester (May 4, 2018). "Facebook Targets Major White Nationalist Group In France". Buzzfeed. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  6. ^ Beirich, Heidi (November 21, 2014). "Identitarianism Worldwide". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  7. ^ « Le mouvement d'extrême droite Bloc identitaire se lance dans les régionales », Le Point, 17 octobre 2009
  8. ^ Abel Mestre et Caroline Monnot, « Du Bloc identitaire au FN, l'extrême droite française se concentre sur la peur de l'islam », Le Monde, 1 décembre 2009
  9. ^ Rémi Noyon (interviewer), Stéphane François (interviewé), « Oubliez "Game of Thrones" : les identitaires ont des théories plus folles », Rue89, 11 mai 2014.
  10. ^ Cependant, Jean-Yves Camus classe le BI non à l'extrême droite, mais « à droite de la droite » : « Oskar Freysinger et ses inquiétantes fréquentations européennes » (interview par Patricia Briel), Le Temps, 18 novembre 2010, le BI promeut l'« alter-Europe » et une certaine forme de régionalisme
  11. ^ https://iboesterreich.at
  12. ^ "Identitäre Bewegung Deutschland e.V. | Heimat-Freiheit-Tradition".
  13. ^ Ludovic Finez, « Les "infos" xénophobes de Novopress », 27 July 2005.
  14. ^ Finez, Ludovic (22 July 2005). "Les " infos " xénophobes de Novopress (Novopress's "xenophobic "news")". Club de la Presse Nord-Pas de Calais.
  15. ^ Boucher-Lambert, Silvère; Saretta, Olivier (26 February 2009). "Comment l'antisémitisme tisse sa toile sur Internet (How anti-Semitism weaves its web on the Internet)". L'Express.
  16. ^ Duyck, Alexandre (8 June 2008). "Les Identitaires sur Google (The Identitaires on Google)". leJDD.fr.
  17. ^ Sample article: L’humeur de Patrick Gofman: J’inaugure le Salon du Livre! (The mood of Patrick Gofman: I inaugurate the Book Fair!), Society column, March 20, 2008
  18. ^ Robert Marquand (June 17, 2010), "Facebook draws 7,000 to anti-Muslim pork sausage party in Paris", The Christian Science Monitor, the group sent out a press release, calling upon "all Parisians … and French" to meet at the Arc de Triomphe Friday to eat ham and drink grape juice
  19. ^ Mara Gay (June 17, 2010), "Paris Facebook Group Throws Anti-Muslim Booze & Pork-Sausage Party", Politics Daily, thousands will gather to protest the presence of Muslims in France by drinking alcohol and eating sausage
  20. ^ Bailey, Luke (21 June 2018). "Far-right group Generation Identity have been banned from Facebook across Europe". i news. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  21. ^ "Generation Hate: French far right's violence and racism exposed". Al Jazeera. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  22. ^ "Caméra cachée d'Al Jazeera dans un bar identitaire : la justice saisie pour «propos racistes»". RT France. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Cinq questions sur "Generation Hate", le documentaire polémique d'Al Jazeera sur un bar identitaire de Lille". France Info. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.

External links

/pol/

/pol/ (Politically Incorrect) is a political discussion board on 4chan. The board's intended purpose is the "discussion of news, world events, political issues, and other related topics".A quantitative analysis found that /pol/ is an important influencer of news content on Twitter, with the board contributing 3% of mainstream news links and 1.96% of alternative news links on Twitter (as a fraction of all links co-appearing on Twitter, Reddit, and 4chan). The researchers concluded that "'fringe' communities often succeed in spreading alternative news to mainstream social networks."

American Freedom Party

The American Freedom Party (formerly the American Third Position Party or A3P) is a Third Position American political party that promotes white nationalism. In November 2009 it filed papers to get on a ballot in California, and was launched in January 2010. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, it was created to channel the right-wing populist resentment engendered by the financial crisis of 2007–2010 and the policies of the Obama administration.

American Renaissance (magazine)

American Renaissance (AR or AmRen) is a monthly white supremacist online publication founded and edited by Jared Taylor. It is published by the New Century Foundation, which describes itself as a "race-realist, white advocacy organization". It has also been described as "alt-right" by The Guardian.

Antipodean Resistance

Antipodean Resistance (AR) is a neo-Nazi hate group in Australia. The group, formed in October 2016, makes use of Nazi symbols such as the swastika and the Nazi salute. AR‘s logo features the Black Sun and Totenkopf (skull head) with an Akubra hat, a laurel wreath and a swastika.

Antipodean Resistance promotes and incites hatred and violence, as seen through some of its anti-Jewish and anti-homosexual posters, with graphic images of shooting Jews and homosexuals in the head. One poster called to "Legalise the execution of Jews." As of December 2018, its website was shut down by its hosting provider.

Asgardsrei festival

Asgardsrei festival is a neo-Nazi and National socialist black metal festival in Ukraine. As a National socialist black metal festival, it is a popular place for right-wing extremists across Europe. It is named after the 1999 album by Absurd with the same name, which was seen as influential to the National socialist black metal scene. Such bands that are participating in the festival include Absurd, Goatmoon, M8l8th, and Nokturnal Mortum.

Australian nationalism

Australian nationalism asserts that the Australians are a nation and promotes the national and cultural unity of Australia. Australian nationalism has a history dating back to the late 19th century as Australia gradually developed a distinct culture and identity from that of Britain, beginning to view itself as a unique and separate entity and not simply an extension or a derivation of British culture and identity.

Candour (magazine)

Candour is a British far right-wing magazine founded and edited by A. K. Chesterton until his death in 1973.

Front Comtois

The Front Comtois is a French small political group, located in France, in the region Franche-Comté. Its ideologies include racism, islamophobia, antisemitism, historical revisionism, homophobia, opposition to the legalization of abortion and neo-nazism. It was created in 2008. Members degraded a mosque with blood and a pig's head and racist inscriptions. Now Front Comtois has between 30 to 100 members, and make a lot of demonstrations in Montbéliard, Belfort and Besançon and many other small cities. The organisation was condemned and fined in 2011 for incitement to racial and religious hatred, at 6400 euros of penalty.

Ghost skin

In white supremacist circles, a ghost skin is someone who avoids overt display of their white supremacist beliefs to blend into society and covertly advance white supremacist causes.In an FBI Intelligence Assessment from 2006, the FBI Counterterrorism Division provides an overview of white supremacist infiltration of law enforcement and mentions that use of the term came to the agency's attention in 2004. In 2001, two law enforcement officers in Williamson County, Texas, were fired after it was discovered they were members of the Ku Klux Klan. In 2018, there was a report filed on a DARPA intelligence agent for racism after a memo leak on YC's site.

Kinism

Kinism is a white supremacist interpretation of Christianity. The ideology is a "movement of anti-immigrant, 'Southern heritage' separatists who splintered off from Christian Reconstructionism to advocate the belief that God's intended order is 'loving one's kind' by separating people along 'tribal and ethnic' lines to live in large, extended-family groups."

Klas Lund

Klas Henrik Pontus Lund (born 14 February 1968 in Lidingö, Stockholm County) is a member of the Swedish neo-Nazi group Svenska motståndsrörelsen (Swedish Resistance Movement) (SMR) now part of the wider movement known as Nordic Resistance Movement (in Swedish Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen, acronym NMR) with presence in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark.

A one-time member of Vitt Ariskt Motstånd (VAM) (in English White Aryan Resistance), Lund has previous convictions for bank robbery and manslaughter.On November 30, 1999 he was portrayed in Sweden's mainstream media as a major threat to the country's democracy, along with 61 other individuals from various neo-Nazi organizations and motorcycle gangs.

Metapedia

Metapedia is an online wiki-based encyclopedia which contains authoritarian far-right, white nationalist, white supremacist, antisemitic, Holocaust denial, and neo-Nazi points of view. The site describes itself as focusing on European culture, art, science, philosophy, and politics. It was officially launched on 26 October 2006 with the Swedish-language edition.

National Policy Institute

The National Policy Institute (NPI) is a white supremacist think tank and lobby group based in Alexandria, Virginia. It lobbies for white supremacists and the alt-right. Its president is Richard B. Spencer, and its executive director (since July 27, 2017) is Evan McLaren.

Rock Against Communism

Rock Against Communism (RAC) was the name of white power rock concerts in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and has since become the catch-all term for music with racist lyrics. The lyrics usually focus on racism and antisemitism, though this depends on the band.

The Occidental Quarterly

The Occidental Quarterly is an American magazine published by the Charles Martel Society. Its stated purpose is to defend "the cultural, ethnic, and racial interests of Western European peoples" and examine "contemporary political, social, and demographic trends that impact the posterity

of Western Civilization". The Southern Poverty Law Center has deemed it a "racist journal," while historian Tony Taylor describes the publication as "a far-right racially obsessed US Magazine". Other sources have referred to it as white nationalist. David Frum and Max Blumenthal have called it pseudo-scholarly or pseudo-academic.It is considered a part of the alt-right movement in the United States.

Thomas Robb (activist)

Thomas Robb (born 1946) is an American far-right activist, Ku Klux Klan leader, and Christian Identity pastor. He is national director of The Knights Party, also known as the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, taking control of the organization after David Duke.

Triple parentheses

Triple parentheses or triple brackets, also known as an (((echo))), are an antisemitic symbol that has been used to highlight the names of individuals of a Jewish background, or organizations who are thought to be owned by Jewish people. The practice originated from the alt-right blog The Right Stuff; the blog's editors have explained that the symbol is meant to symbolize that the historic actions of Jews caused their surnames to "echo throughout history". The triple parentheses have been adopted as an online stigma by antisemites, neo-Nazis, and white nationalists to identify individuals of Jewish background as targets for online harassment, such as Jewish political journalists critical of Donald Trump during his 2016 election campaign.Use of the notation was brought to mainstream attention by an article posted by Mic in June 2016. The reports also led Google to remove a browser extension meant to automatically place the "echo" notation around Jewish names on web pages, and the notation being classified as a form of hate speech by the Anti-Defamation League. In the wake of these actions, some users, both Jews and non-Jews, have intentionally placed their own names within triple parentheses as a sign of solidarity.Prior to its use in this manner, ((( screen name ))) had been used in online communities such as AOL to indicate that a user was "cyberhugging" the user with the specified screen name.

Virginia Abernethy

Virginia Abernethy (born 1934) is an American academic. She is professor emerita of psychiatry and anthropology at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. She has published research on population demography and immigration. She ran for Vice President of the United States in 2012 alongside Merlin Miller for the American Freedom Party, a party that promotes white nationalism.In 2012, the Anti-Defamation League referred to Abernathy as an "unabashed white supremacist", and the Southern Poverty Law Center called her a "full-fledged professor of hate," adding her to a list of 30 new activists heading the radical right. Abernethy denied that she was a "white supremacist," preferring to describe herself as an "ethnic separatist."

White Revolution (hate group)

White Revolution was a Neo-Nazi hate group active from 2002 to 2011 in Arkansas. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, "White Revolution is a neo-Nazi group that employs the most violent language and works with some of the most virulent leaders in the world of white supremacy, while claiming to remain legal."The group was founded by Billy Joe Roper Jr. (born April 11, 1972), a neo-Nazi activist that identifies himself as a "Balkanizer" and a "Purity Spiraler". He founded White Revolution in 2002 as an anti-Semitic group that seeks for white interests.

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